大国元首财富史:有钱才能当总统?, 时间:2012-02-12 ,来源: 中国经济周刊

大国元首财富史:有钱才能当总统?, 时间:2012-02-12 ,来源: 中国经济周刊
  
美国共和党总统候选人罗姆尼是个有钱人,他的财富=(尼克松+福特+卡特+里根+老布什+克林顿+小布什+奥巴马)×2。没有最富,只有更富。放眼西方各国,恐怕找不出一个穷总统。

  “二代”罗姆尼-用中国人的话讲,罗姆尼是个典型的“富二代+官二代”。

  罗姆尼的父亲,曾任密歇根州州长,参加过1968年美国总统竞选;他的母亲是一位希拉里式的女强人,曾在上世纪70年代,竞选过参议员。罗姆尼在斯坦福和哈佛完成学业,31岁,成为一家管理顾问公司的副总裁——公司显然看上了他显赫的家族背景和丰富的人脉关系。

  罗姆尼发现,这些背景和关系,为他人所用,未免太浪费了。1984年,罗姆尼自己的私募公司贝恩资本开张,各种社会关系都派上了用场,因此,为公司拉来了源源不断的生意。罗姆尼领导贝恩的14年间,该公司的年投资回报率高达113%。

  之后,罗姆尼走了一条“商而优则政”的“老路”。1999年,罗姆尼临危受命,上任盐湖城冬奥会组委会主席。面对资金不足的问题,罗姆尼自掏腰包240万美元,为冬奥会补上了缺口。2003年,他顺利当选为马塞诸塞州州长,并且,在2008年刚刚结束任期,就参加了当年的总统竞选。
输给了麦凯恩,但他的政治梦想,并没有就此止步。

  在去年的总统备战中,罗姆尼强大的资金实力,让奥巴马感到很有压力。2011年春天以来,罗姆尼从摩根士丹利、高桥资本和百仕通等公司,筹得150万美元。
奥巴马只筹得了27万美元。今年,高盛仅资助奥巴马4.5万美元,却对罗姆尼慷慨解囊35万美元。

  据统计,奥巴马的身家,在220万~750万美元之间;
据罗姆尼自己给出的模糊范围,其身家,大约在1.9亿~2.5亿美元。根据他1月24日公布的,过去两年收入与纳税情况,2010—2011年,他的总收入,就超过了4000万美元,其中,大部分为投资所得、股息与红利等。

  根据研究机构Wealth-X战略执行副总裁佛里曼的估算,罗姆尼的财力,能排在全美国富豪榜3140位左右。他的身家,是一位普通美国民众的1800倍。

“皇亲国戚”卡梅伦

  英国首相戴维·卡梅伦的身世更加显赫。他是英王威廉四世和情妇的私生子的直系后裔。卡梅伦家族在英国金融界,有很长的历史,包括,其父亲在内的很多家族成员,都从事股票经纪或金融投资的工作。卡梅伦爷爷的爷爷,就是当时汇丰银行伦敦总行的首席主管。

  假如威廉四世和情妇那段关系是正式的婚姻,卡梅伦就可以列入英国王位的继承人名单。传奇的身世,加上优秀的履历,卡梅伦毕业后3年,就被借调到唐宁街10号工作。他不负众望,不仅在工作上屡创佳绩,还适时地迎娶了贵族之女萨曼莎。萨曼莎是英国国王查理二世的后裔,家里拥有121公顷的庄园。

  卡梅伦夫妇在伦敦的府邸,就价值420万美元,此外,已知的,还有一栋160万美元的房产。
英国《 每日邮报》估算,卡梅伦夫妇的双方父母的财产,合计大约4300万美元。累计相加,卡梅伦的身家,达到5000万美元。

  自卡梅伦上任以来,他的“低收入”一直被传为佳话。根据2010年向媒体公布的公务员薪水名单,卡梅伦年薪,仅为14.25万英镑(合22.8万美元)。在他的政府中,有至少172名官员的收入,都在他之上,其中,收入最高的,是公平贸易局局长约翰·芬格尔顿,其年薪为28万英镑(合44万美元)。对这位家财万贯的首相而言,少拿点钱,赚个好名声,应该是更好的选择。

“傍大款”的萨科齐

  与罗姆尼和卡梅伦不同,法国总统萨科齐出生于平民家庭。他性格要强的母亲,从小对他严格要求,鼓励他胸怀大志。萨科齐7岁时,就对客人说:“谁允许你摸我的头,你不知道我要成为共和国的总统吗?”

  上世纪70年代,萨科齐通过一次演讲,赢得时任法国总理希拉克的青睐,并拜其为师,跟随希拉克,进入政府。萨科齐很争气,22岁,成为市议员;28岁,就当上了市长。

  成了市长的萨科齐-《 星期日泰晤士报》报道,在追随希拉克期间,萨科齐曾经和希拉克的女儿约会,之后,抛弃了对方;1996年,他和原配妻子离婚,迎娶了名模塞西莉亚;2007年,他又与第二任妻子离婚,迎娶了来自意大利最富有的布吕尼家族的卡拉·布吕尼。

  根据2007年萨科齐上任法国总统时公布的数字,其银行账户上,有近10万欧元,还拥有一套当时价值190万欧元的房产,和总价值为200万欧元的人寿保险,总共加起来,大约400万欧元。

  这个数字是在他迎娶布吕尼之前公布的。布吕尼是不折不扣的富家千金,其祖父,是意大利第二大轮胎制造商Ceat的创始人,她的父亲是著名的歌剧制作总监和剧院老板。布吕尼名下财产,数不胜数,仅她位于意大利都灵的一套房产,2009年,就卖出了1150万美元。她的身家,无疑为“平民小子”萨科齐增添了雄厚的经济后盾。

  如今的萨科齐是一副富人做派。从马耳他岛的豪华游艇,到每周两万多欧元的美国新罕布什尔州别墅,萨科齐每次度假,都堪称豪华。如今,萨科齐的年薪是34.6万美元,这不够他一次度假的开销。这些花销也许有他的富豪老婆一起掏腰包呢?

2010年,约800,000多中国公民赴美国旅行,每次每人平均消费USD$ 6,000。

美国商务部预计,在将来的5年内,第一次来美国旅行的中国人的数量将翻三番。

在2011.’财政年度, 按美国不同签证类别,申请赴美国旅行的中国公民,包括:700,000 多人是B1/B2商务和旅游签证(比上个年度增加了40%);
200,000多人是F,和J学术学习、文化交流和从事研究的签证(同比增加30%)。

中国富豪的财富从哪儿来?, 时间:2012-02-12
澳大利亚广播公司新闻网近日采访了密切关注中国富豪的英国人胡润,他谈到了中国富豪的致富方式,以及和西方富豪的两点显著不同。

主持人伊莉莎白·杰克逊:眼下,欧洲和北美可能在担心经济前景,而在中国,显然是完全不同的。其实,说到中国的超级富豪,其数量和个人财富规模,都是有增无减。据估计,不出10年,世界上一半的亿万富豪,将来自中国,这个群体将对全球带来巨大影响。

记者斯蒂芬·麦克唐奈:中国是一个…国家。当你研究这个国家的超级富豪阶层时,你会觉得:这是件奇怪的事。当上世纪80年代中国开放时,没有一个百万富翁,因此,中国人觉得,那些一夕暴富的人,肯定有不公平的优势。不过,在密切关注中国富豪的英国人胡润看来,中国企业家跟人们想象的不一样。

胡润:据我们估计,百万富豪(这里以英镑计算,相当于1000万元人民币)目前在中国,约为96万人,过去5年来,增加了超过10%。如果是亿万富豪(按美元计算),我们估计:现在有600人。福布斯富豪榜,现在已知有大约400人。所以,可以说,论白手起家的亿万富豪,中国现在,位居世界第一。

记者斯蒂芬·麦克唐奈:他们的财富,来自哪里?毕竟,30年前,在中国,根本不存在这种富豪。

胡润:中国富豪与西方富豪有两样不同。首先,他们是凭借自身努力;
在欧洲或美国,约1/3,或1/4的富豪,来自遗产继承。
在中国,根本就没有可以继承的钱,因为,30年前,中国很穷,市场上,也没钱。其次,中国富豪将子女送到国外。这个现象,真是不可思议。我们估计,中国85%的百万富豪(英镑计算)现在考虑,将子女送到美国、英国、澳大利亚或加拿大留学。

当今,中国富豪财富的头号来源是房地产,其次是制造业,接着是投资和自然资源。看一看世界其他地方的前1000位富豪,你会看到:头号来源是投资,其次是娱乐和传媒,接着是自然资源,房地产排在第四位。

这基本上反映一个事实:当今,中国人,从城市化中赚了钱。当中国人搬进城市时,如果你是房地产开发商,你就会有巨大商机,如果你是钢铁制造商或搞基础设施的,也是一样。即便你是卖空调的,也能比在西方,有更多发财机会。去年,中国新增800万套新房,难以置信吧?这些房子都需要安装空调,诸如此类。

记者斯蒂芬·麦克唐奈:鉴于中国的城市化一时不会减速,事实上,中国有很多城市、基础设施需要兴建,这种状况会持续几十年吗?

胡润:一般认为,中国城市化进程,还能带来15年快速增长。这之后,速度会显著放慢。届时,将出现所谓的中国中产阶级,他们将开始消费,那时候,中国品牌,可能会真正崭露头角。

Heads of state wealth of history: the rich in order to be president? Time :2012-02-12 Source: China Economic Weekly

U.S. Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney is rich, his wealth = (Nixon + Ford + Carter + Reagan + George HW Bush + Clinton + George W. Bush + Obama) × 2. Most, only richer. Looking at the Western countries, I am afraid can not find a poor president.

Romney “second generation” – the Chinese people’s words, Romney is a typical “rich second + official second-generation”.

Romney’s father, former governor of Michigan, participated in the 1968 U.S. presidential election; his mother was a Hillary-style strong woman, who in the 1970s, ran for senator. Romney to complete their studies at Stanford and Harvard, 31 years old, to become vice president of a management consulting firm – the company apparently took a fancy to his illustrious family background and personal connections.

Romney found that these background and relationships, others a bit too wasteful. 1984, Romney’s own private equity firm Bain Capital opened a variety of social relations came in handy for the company to pull a steady stream of business. Romney leading Bain 14 years, the company’s annual return on investment as high as 113%.

Romney to go after a “commercial rather excellent governance” of the “old road. In 1999, Romney stepped in and took office in Salt Lake City Winter Olympics Organizing Committee President. Faced with the problem of insufficient funds, Romney out-of-pocket $ 2.4 million to fill the gap for the Winter Olympics. In 2003, he successfully elected as governor of Massachusetts, and in 2008 the just-concluded term, the presidential campaign.
Lost to McCain, but his political dreams, and did not stop there.

In the last year preparing for the presidential, Romney’s strong financial strength, Obama feel under pressure. Since the spring of 2011, Romney from Morgan Stanley, the capital of Takahashi and 100 Blackstone raised $ 1.5 million.
Obama only raised $ 270,000. This year, Goldman Sachs only funded Obama $ 45,000, but then Romney generosity of $ 350,000.

According to statistics, Obama’s net worth of between 2.2 million and $ 7.5 million;
According to Romney, given the fuzzy range of its net worth, about 190 million to $ 250 million. He announced on January 24, the income tax situation over the past two years ,2010-2011, his total income of more than $ 40 million, of which the majority of investment income, dividends, and dividends.

According to Friedman, executive vice president of research institutes Wealth-X-strategic estimates the financial resources of Romney, to row around the United States Rich List 3140. His net worth is an ordinary American people in 1800.

“Royal” Cameron

British Prime Minister David Cameron’s life experience is more prominent. He is a direct descendant of King William IV and his mistress, an illegitimate child. The Cameron family has a long history in the UK financial sector, including many family members including his father, stock broker or financial investment. Cameron grandfather’s grandfather was the chief executive of HSBC in London head office.

If William IV and his mistress that part of the relationship is formal marriage, Cameron could be included in the list of the British heir to the throne. The legendary life experience, plus excellent resume, Cameron, three years after graduation, was seconded to the 10 Downing Street. Live up to expectations, not only in the work achievements of married aristocratic woman Samantha in a timely manner. Samantha is the descendants of the English King Charles II, the family owned the estate of 121 hectares.

Cameron a couple of the sites in London, valued at $ 4.2 million, in addition to the known, there is a $ 1.6 million of real estate.
The British “Daily Mail” estimate, Cameron both sides of the couple’s parents property, totaling about $ 43 million. The cumulative sum of Cameron’s net worth reached $ 50 million.

Since Cameron took office, his “low income” has been transferred for the elephants. According to the 2010 civil service salary list released to the media, Cameron annual salary of only £ 142,500 ($ 228,000). Income of at least 172 officials in his government, all over him, which, with the highest income, the Secretary of the Office of Fair Trading, John Fingleton, whose annual salary of £ 280,000 ($ 440,000 ). The great wealth of the Prime Minister to take less money, earn a good reputation should be a better choice.

Sarkozy’s “sugar daddy”

Mitt Romney and Cameron, French President Nicolas Sarkozy was born in the families of the civilians. His character stronger mother grew up on his strict requirements to encourage him to aim higher. Sarkozy was seven years old, the guests said: “He who allows you to touch my head, you do not know that I want to be President of the Republic?”

The 1970s, Sarkozy a speech, won any favor of the French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac, and worship as a teacher, following Jacques Chirac, to enter government. Nicolas Sarkozy is very competitive, 22 years old, the City Council; 28 years old, when the mayor.

Became mayor of Sarkozy – “Sunday Times” reported that during the follow Chirac, Sarkozy, Chirac’s daughter dating, abandon each other; in 1996, he and his first wife divorced, and married a supermodel Cecilia; 2007, he and his second wife divorced, he married Bruni family from Italy’s richest Carla Bruni.

According to figures released by French President Nicolas Sarkozy took office in 2007, its bank accounts, nearly € 100,000, also has a current value of € 1.9 million in real estate, and the total value of € 2 million life insurance, a total increase up, about 4 million euros.

This figure was released before he married Bruni. Bruni is truly the wealthy daughter of his grandfather, the founder of Italy’s second largest tire manufacturer Ceat, her father is a famous opera producer, director and theater owner. Bruni under the name of the property, numerous, only a set of real estate located in Turin, Italy, in 2009, sold for $ 11.5 million. Her net worth, no doubt civilians Kid Sarkozy added a strong financial backing.

Today, Sarkozy is a rich pies. New Hampshire, USA villas, luxury yacht from the island of Malta, to 20,000 euros a week Sarkozy every holiday, be termed luxurious. Today, Sarkozy’s annual salary is $ 346,000 is not enough for the cost of a vacation. These expenses may have with the pockets of his rich wife?

In 2010, approximately 800,000 Chinese citizens to the United States to travel, each average spending of U.S. $ 6,000 per person.

The U.S. Commerce Department is expected, for the first time to travel to the United States the number of people will triple in five years in the future.

In 2011. ‘Financial year, according to the U.S. visa category to apply for Chinese citizens traveling to the United States, include: 700,000 people in the B1/B2 business and tourist visas (over the last year increased by 40%);
200,000 more than the F, and J of academic study, cultural exchange and engaged in research visa (an increase of 30%).

Fortunes from? Time :2012-02-12
Australian ABC News has an interview with the British Report of the close attention to the rich, he talked about the rich rich and the Western rich two significantly different.

Host Elizabeth Jackson: Right now, Europe and North America may be worried about the economic outlook in China, is obviously completely different. In fact, it comes to China’s super-rich, their number and personal wealth scale are increasing. It is estimated that less than 10 years, half the world’s billionaires will come from China, and this group will have a tremendous impact worldwide.

Reporter Stephen McDonnell: China is a … country. When you study the country’s super-rich class, you would think: This is a strange thing. When China opened up in the 1980s, not a millionaire, so, the Chinese people feel that those people of overnight riches, there must be an unfair advantage. However, pay close attention to China’s richest British Report, the Chinese entrepreneurs with the most people think is not the same.

Report: According to our estimates, the millionaires (in pounds sterling, the equivalent of 10 million yuan) in China, about 96 million people, over the past five years, an increase of more than 10%. If you are a billionaire (in dollar terms), we estimate: 600. Forbes Rich List, is now known to have about 400 people. Therefore, it can be said on the self-made billionaire, China now ranks first in the world.

Reporter Stephen McDonnell: their wealth come from? After all, 30 years ago in China, does not the existence of such rich.

Report: China’s richest and Western Regal two very different ways. First of all, they are by virtue of their own efforts;
In Europe or the United States, about 1/3 or 1/4 of the rich from inheritance.
In China, there can be no inherited money, because 30 years ago, China was poor on the market, but also money. Secondly, the rich send their children abroad. This phenomenon is incredible. We estimate that 85% of millionaires (in pounds sterling) to consider, send their children to the United States, Britain, Australia or study in Canada.

Today, the number one source of the rich wealth of real estate, followed by manufacturing, followed by investment and natural resources. Take a look at the rest of the world before the 1000 Regal, you will see: The number one source of investment, followed by entertainment and media, followed by natural resources, real estate is in fourth place.

This basically reflects the fact: today, the Chinese people made money from the urbanization. When Chinese people moved into the city, if you are real estate developers, you will have great opportunities, if you are a steel manufacturer or engage in infrastructure, the same. Even if you are selling air conditioning, but also more fortune than in the West. Last year, China added 8 million new homes, believe it? These houses need to install air conditioning, and so on.

Correspondent Stephen McDonnell: In view of China’s urbanization moment will not slow down, in fact, China has many cities, the infrastructure needs to build, this situation will last for decades?

Report: Generally speaking, China’s urbanization process, but also bring 15 years of rapid growth. After that, the speed will be significantly slowed down. Will be so-called Chinese middle class, they will start spending that time, Chinese brands, may truly emerge.

<< 世界重要電影簡評-"90後"簡評全球電影>>
私人計劃出書,欲有償招募90後英語女翻譯(請筆譯者提供標準級別照片,名片(聯繫詳情),身份證複印件,知名名牌大學文憑複印件,成績單等,給予郵箱號碼:1779642876@ qq.com;1779642876@qzone.qq.com;1779642876@qq.com)
簡評者筆名:Barack CHEN簡介:1990年出生,知名大學英語系高年級大學生,愛好:英語,籃球,球評,電影影評,彈吉他,舞台表演等,社交等…;QQ:851086116;
<< 世界重要電影簡評-"90後"簡評全球電影>>編輯者的短信聯繫號碼: 0086-13901623260,MR.GEOORGE S.CHEN;
郵箱號碼:1779642876@qq.com;網址:1779642876@qzone.qq.com;QQ:1779642876;
注:Barack,是斯瓦希里語的名字,來自阿拉伯語。阿拉伯語言中,詞根BRK ,代表被祝福的意思,此詞彙,取自:中文名: 貝拉克·侯賽因·奧巴馬二世;外文名: Barack Hussein Obama II 。美國人;

<< 世界重要电影简评-"90后"简评全球电影 >>
私人计划出书,欲有偿招募90后英语女翻译(请笔译者提供标准级别照片,名片(联系详情),身份证复印件,知名名牌大学文凭复印件,成绩单等,给予邮箱号码:1779642876@qq.com;1779642876@qzone.qq.com;1779642876@qq.com)
简评者笔名:Barack CHEN简介:1990年出生,知名大学英语系高年级大学生,爱好:英语,篮球,球评,电影影评,弹吉他,舞台表演等,社交等…;QQ:851086116;
<< 世界重要电影简评-"90后"简评全球电影 >>编辑者的短信联系号码: 0086-13901623260,MR.GEOORGE S.CHEN;
邮箱号码:1779642876@qq.com;网址:1779642876@qzone.qq.com;QQ:1779642876;
注:Barack,是斯瓦希里语的名字,来自阿拉伯语。阿拉伯语言中,词根B-R-K ,代表被祝福的意思,此词汇,取自:中文名: 贝拉克·侯赛因·奥巴马二世;外文名: Barack Hussein Obama II 。美国人;