傈僳族 (英文名称Lisu Li-Su Lisaw）中国少数民族之一，发源于青康藏高原北部，是中国、缅甸、印度和泰国的一个跨国性质的少数民族，主要分布中心,在中国原来的西康省（即现今云南省、四川省、西藏之间的州县）和古代云南腾越州的坎底地区、江心坡地区（即,现今缅北克钦邦的葡萄县，为中国传统线和英国麦克马洪线东段之间的未定界领土,于1960年,归属缅甸邦联设立的）。
傈僳族传统节日 主要节日有阔时节（１２月２０日，相当于汉族的春节）、火把节（６月）、收获节（１０月）、中秋节、澡塘会、刀杆节（刀竿节）等。每年农历二月初八举行的“刀杆节”扣人心弦，据说上刀杆是为了使傈僳人具有“刀山敢上，火海敢闯”的精神而设立的。 傈僳族的节日
傈僳族（英文：Lisu; Li-Su; Lisaw；泰文：ลีสู่）发源于青康藏高原北部，是中国、缅甸、西藏、印度、和泰国的一个跨国性质的少数民族，主要分布中心在中国原来的西康省(即现今云南省、四川省、西藏之间的州县)和古代云南腾越州的坎底地区、江心坡地区(即,现今缅北克钦邦的葡萄县，为中国传统线和英国麦克马洪线东段之间的未定界领土,于1960年归属缅甸邦联而设立的)。
Lisu (the English name of the Lisu Li-Su Lisaw) one of China’s ethnic minorities
Originated in the northern Tibetan plateau, China, Burma, India and Thailand, a transnational nature of the minority, the main distribution center in China, the original Xikang (that is now Yunnan, Sichuan, Tibet, between the counties) and Ancient Yunnan, Canton, at the end of the state vault area, river slope areas (ie, Kachin State, northern Burma today grape County, for the Chinese traditional line and the eastern section of the British McMahon Line boundary between the uncertain territory, in 1960, ownership of Myanmar confederation established).
Song bathhouse event
Lisu many festivals, the larger the “width of the season”, “New Rice Festival”, “Arbor Day”, “Torch,” “Harvest Festival”, “bathhouse will,” “La Song Festival”, “Shenu will “and so on. “Width season,” also as “He even section.” “Wide time” is the translation of the Lisu voice, “beginning of the year”, “New Year” was intended. Lisu is the most ceremonious traditional festival. Past, mostly due to the observation of phenology to determine the date, so there is no uniform throughout, to determine the holiday season. Most people in the Gregorian calendar in late December to the second was held in January. In December 1993, Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, People’s Government decided each year to 22 December 20 is wider season to let the local Lisu compatriots with the New Year, to celebrate the festive season. During the holiday season, generally have brewed 水酒, slaughter pigs, Chung Baba, prepare a variety of rich foods. Also taken off with the family the same number of men pine branches inserted at the door, put the send cured disease cure disease, happiness and good. Like the Han customs, New Year’s Eve reunion dinner to eat. Even if personal in his home, his family must leave to attend to his position, display dishes. In some places, from the beginning New Year’s Eve, at home against the others to go, even if the house is divided not between the father and his sons. Until three days after the lifting of restrictions, most places starting from the first day, people gathered in the drying yard or open land, to carry out antiphonal singing, dancing, swinging, Shenu competitions, a variety of sports entertainment. Nujiang Lisu compatriots in the region but also to some ridge bathhouse Lushui register to participate in “swimming pool tournament Song” activities. Interestingly, when the season is too wide, Lisu compatriots someone out of the first piece of Baba Chung will acquire a dog to eat. Said, This is to thank the dog “to bring human food species.” Lisu popular among the many kinds of dog food with the legend, as one says that the ancient human waste food amazing, god knows, after furious and ordered all the food back to heaven. Humans face extinction. In this critical moment, a dog rushed, along the pole to climb to the temple to steal grain seeds, to save mankind. Arbor Day in the Lunar New Year February 8, Lisu, Lisu Lunar New Year’s Arbor Day on February 8, according to legend is the commemoration of one pair of Lisu impose heavy grace of the ancient Han Chinese hero. Lisu people dedicated to the hero of his death, as his nation’s traditional festivals, and spend ordered by the lower sea of fire and other symbolic rituals, like fire and water phase is reported to express the feelings. Arbor’s Day, several robust man before performing “fire dance” ceremony. Their naked feet, jump red-hot pile Tan, performing various stunts. The next day, they sharpened the 36 long knife, blade up, respectively, cross-tied with rattan two 20-meter-high wooden frame, into a Daoti. Empty-handed barefoot performers, climbing from a sharp knife on the top edge and peak of the staff performing a variety of difficult moves. Today, the thrill of traditional memorial ceremony has evolved into Lisu performing stunts sports hero. “Bathhouse race song will be” called “Spring Bath Festival”, is a traditional Lisu holiday event. Now more than at the Lisu New Year’s first month. Place in the Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture Liuku more than 10 kilometers north of the ridge board, horseshoe River Hot Springs. By then, close to county, district people dressed in costumes. Carry dry food, luggage, and even cooking utensils after another. Usually silent spring, when everything tents everywhere, crowded, song and laughter, excitement. Past spring bath bath treatment center section, and now it has become a leisure vacation, holiday carnival dance. Especially the young and the young people, dozens of people a bunch, a group of hundreds of people, race song, of poetry, looking for love partner, through the night, never tired.
Hot Springs “Spring Bath”
Nujiang Lisu people in the valley still retains “spring bath” fashion. Where there are hot springs along the sides where people are gathered bathing place. During the Spring Festival, people with years of food, luggage away from the hot springs near where the tower from scaffolding, or find a cave Xiesu. In the spring, live three to five days, the bath. Hot Springs, at the upper pool and the pool, under normal circumstances, the man in the pool, the pool of women in the next, but, some distance away. Some day, washed five or six times, they think – only repeated bathing in order to eliminate the disease, strengthening the immune system, in order to have abundant energy, into the new year of labor productivity. Library near the hot springs in six areas, as early as 100 years ago, to form a mass of “hot spring poetry competition.” By then, a few kilometers outside the singer who should come, race songs of poetry. When this moment, near the hot springs, little white tent, day and night do not put out the campfire, arrayed Ganliang of wine and delicious food years, singers singing in antiphonal style poetry side, side to bring their own food and wine tasting. Old and new singers, is in this tradition of inheriting and carrying forward the national culture and entertainment activities, adding a festive atmosphere for the New Year. With “Spring Bath” poetry competition antiphonal singing, subtle influence, cultivate people’s noble sentiments, and foster unity and friendship in society.
Lisu traditional festivals have wide main festival season (December 20, the equivalent of Han Chinese Spring Festival), the Torch Festival (June), Harvest Festival (October), Mid-Autumn Festival, bathhouse will, Arbor Day (knife pole section) and so on. Eighth lunar month each year at the “Arbor Day” exciting, said the arbor is to enable the Lisu people have “ordered by the dare, the flames daring” spirit established. Lisu festival
Clothing, food, shelter, clothing Lisu women beautiful and, on the jacket to wear the right of junction, under a dress, wearing a red material with beads and shells into ornaments to wear, neck wear worn by the colored beads into the material collar; Men generally breasted collarless T-shirt, long pants to the knee, when they go out, machete general wear, hanging quiver.
Nujiang Lisu areas have spring bath of learning, then, most of the young men and women, cabin luggage, food and utensils to the hot springs at Bath. Shirley Lijiang River region, in the first three days or three days after the beginning of summer, the water will become muddy, it is said, contains a lot of minerals, drinking a function of cure stomach ailments, with Shirley river water for cooking, red rice , delicious fragrance. By then, the need for steam bath, shower, can cure rheumatism. During the bath, all of them a picnic, a Lisu rural folk hunting the larger picnic, Lisu over harvest festival, harvest festival, mostly in the annual Lunar New Year September and October was held. Harvest Festival the biggest event, is every family have wine and epistemic, and some others, or even directly to the ground, while the harvest, while cooking wine, and accompanied by singing and dancing, often through the night, fun party scattered.
Lisu (English: Lisu; Li-Su; Lisaw; Thai: ลี สู่) originated in the northern Tibetan plateau, China, Burma, Tibet, India, and Thailand, the minority of a transnational nature, the original main distribution center in China The Xikang (that now Yunnan, Sichuan, Tibet, between the counties) and the ancient state of the ridge at the end of Yunnan vault area, river slope areas (ie, the current northern Burma’s Kachin State, County grapes, traditional lines of China and the United Kingdom McMahon uncertain boundary line between the eastern territory, in 1960 established a confederation vested in Burma).
Spring Bath Festival Lisu, December 20 each year, there will be “swimming pool will be” activities, all ages, can bathing hot spring pool, the pool, you must take off his clothing, including women, the only remaining underwear under the pool, but, peep taboo behavior is strictly prohibited. Another meaning, young men and women bathing together in this, as long as each other’s songs, if the upper and the men and women, life can go hand in hand