罗姆尼获得麦凯恩的站台支持-美国共和党总统提名战的爱荷华州党团会议尘埃落定,共和党参选人,以8票之差险胜初选的罗姆尼,前日,与共和党参议员麦凯恩出席竞选集会

罗姆尼获得麦凯恩的站台支持-美国共和党总统提名战的爱荷华州党团会议尘埃落定,共和党参选人,以8票之差险胜初选的罗姆尼,前日,与共和党参议员麦凯恩出席竞选集会
罗姆尼2008年参加初选,在艾州投下1,000万美元,仍只得第2;
今年,凭借更强大财力、更精准选举策略(包括,支持者及时抹黑,拉倒前众议院议长金里奇),但,成绩未见大跃进。
无疑,罗姆尼最有机会夺得共和党提名,到了11月投票日,对他仍心存芥蒂的保守选民,能否在「 拉倒奥巴马」前提下踊跃投票?
柯德瑞出任消费者金融保护局局长
奥巴马总统4日表示,他将绕过国会,任命柯德瑞为新设的消费者金融保护局局长。
美国进入选举年,寻求连任的奥巴马不顾国会反对,任命柯德瑞(Richard Cordray)出任消费者金融保护局(Consumer Financial Protection Bureau,CFPB)局长,直接对政敌下战帖,并誓言:就任总统期间“每一秒”都将为美国中产阶级而战。
此举,激怒了共和党,痛批奥巴马傲慢,并且逾越他的宪法权力,在未经联邦参议院的批准下,安插人选。
奥巴马并且明白表示,他将是为中产阶级奋战的总统大选参选人。他说:“我承诺每一天、每一分、每一秒,会尽我所能,让这个国家,成为努力付出及责任感是具有意义的地方。”
奥巴马在总统大选关键州俄亥俄州说:“数以百万计的美国人民,需要一位能守护他们利益的人,这个人,就是柯德瑞。”
奥巴马,4日,在另一项声明中说,他将利用“休会任命”权,任命3人,填补全国劳工关系局(National Labor Relations Board)的悬缺。
奥巴马告诉欢呼的群众:“我们知道:若国会共和党人把柯德瑞的提名案当作人质会有何后果,那就是:更多我们所爱之人,可能会被骗做出糟糕的财务决策。”
美国众议院议长博纳发表声明说:“奥巴马夺取的这项权力非比寻常,并且,完全前所未有。我预料:法院将会判定不合法。”

美国共和党总统参选人、宾夕法尼亚州前国会参议员桑托洛姆(Rick Santorum)去年秋天警告说,欧洲国家上升到中等收入的流动性要超过美国。
保守思想领导者《全国评论》(National Review)写道,多数西欧国家和讲英语的国家都有更高的流动性。
威斯康辛州共和党籍国会众议员瑞安(Paul D. Ryan)称,美国总体流动性仍然很高,同时,最近,承认从底层上升的流动性问题,是美国落后的地方。
布鲁金斯学院经济学家索希尔(Isabel V. Sawhill):“美国不像多数发达国家有那么多的流动性,这正在变成传统智慧。我不认为你会找到很多人对它提出异议。”
《 纽约时报》说,流动性差距的一个原因,也许是美国贫困问题的深度,造成贫穷的孩子起步就落后。另一原因,也许是美国雇主对具有大学文凭的人,支付更高的溢价工资。由于孩子们通常都是跟着父母的教育轨迹走,那种溢价工资,增加了家庭背景的重要性,窒息低学历者的机会。
最近几年,至少五份大型研究发现-美国流动性低于可比国家。
瑞典大学经济学家赞提(Markus Jantti)领导的一个项目发现,占美国人口五分之一的低收入家庭长大的男子当中,42%,在成年,仍然停留在那个阶层。
显示,在美国,处于长期不利地位者的比例,远远高于丹麦(25%)和英国(30%)。
只有8%的美国低层男子,能上升到富有的20%。
英国能从底部上升到经济高层的,占12%,丹麦占14%。
美国一再自称,是个没有阶级的社会,在占美国五分之一人口的高收入层家庭长大的孩子当中,62%,到了成年,仍会留在占美国人口五分之二的高收入阶层。
皮尤慈善信托基金(Pew Charitable Trusts )经济流动性项目显示,占美国人口五分之一的低收入层当中,65%,在成年,仍会处于占美国人口五分之二的低收入层。
由于强调家庭背景的影响太大,这些研究,挑战美国的特征,为社会不公平的辩论说话。自由派通常强调,美国收入差距大到不寻常,许多保守派说,制度是公平的,因为流动性很高,每个人都能顺着社会阶梯上爬。现在的证据显示,美国不仅不够平等,也缺乏流动性。
前总统布什的幕僚布里吉兰德(John Bridgeland)说,他对国际比较,感到“震惊”。曾经帮助布什发起“机会国家”项目的他说,“共和党没有感受到-非要讨论收入不平等问题。但他们会感受到-讨论缺乏流动性的必要–那是缺乏实现美国梦的机会。”
尽管欧洲在文化和人口构成上,都同美国差别比较大,但,最有可比性的,是加拿大。
渥太华大学经济学家科拉克(Miles Corak)发现,在加拿大占人口10%的社会底层长大的男子当中,只有16%,到了成年,仍然停留在底层;美国,占22%。同样,在占美国人口10%的高收入层当中,26%的男子,长大之后,仍然在高层;加拿大只占18%。科拉克教授说,家庭背景在美国所发挥的作用,超过其它可比国家。
怀疑者称,上述研究,衡量的是“相对流动性”– 子女超出父母辈的地位。那和是否挣钱更多的“绝对流动性”不同。多数美国人的收入,都超过父母,因为,整个国家更为富有。
部分保守派说,这种“绝对流动性”,才能真正衡量机会。
一份研究发现,81%的美国人的收入都超过父母。其它国家没有可比数据。由于那种研究需要两代人的数据,他们忽略了移民家庭。
传统基金会分析员巴特勒(Stuart M. Butler)说,如果美国经济流动性这么差,某人也许应当告诉那些想来美国的人:别再移民。

McCain’s site received support Romney – Republican U.S. presidential nomination battle settled the Iowa caucus, the Republican candidate, beat it with 8 votes primaries of Romney, the day before, and the Republican Party Participation Senator John McCain at campaign rally

Romney in 2008 to participate in primaries, cast in the Ai state $ 10 million, still only 2;
This year, with stronger financial resources, more accurate election strategy (including, in time to discredit supporters, pulled down the former House Speaker Newt Gingrich), but, no great leap forward in performance.
No doubt, Romney won the Republican nomination for the best chance to polling day in November, he still held a grudge for conservative voters, whether in the “pull down Obama ‘to cast their votes under the premise?

Ke Derui as Secretary for Consumer Financial Protection
President Obama said Tuesday that he will bypass the Congress, the appointment of Ke Derui for the new Secretary of consumer financial protection.
The United States into the election year, regardless of Congress seeking re-election of Barack Obama opposed the appointment of Ke Derui (Richard Cordray) as the Consumer Financial Protection Agency (Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, CFPB) the Secretary, directly challenge the post of political opponents, and vowed: presidency During the “every second” are fighting for the American middle class.
The move angered the Republican Party, criticized Obama’s arrogance, and go beyond his constitutional authority, without the approval of the Federal Senate, placement candidates.
Obama and understand that he will be fighting for the middle class presidential election candidates. He said: “I promise every day, every minute, every second, will do my best to make this country a sense of responsibility to pay and is a meaningful place.”
Obama in key states Ohio presidential election, said: “Millions of American people, need a person to guard their interests, this person is Kede Rui.”
Obama, 4, in a separate statement, said he would use “recess appointment” the right to appoint three people to fill the National Labor Relations Board (National Labor Relations Board) of the still vacant.
Obama told the cheering crowd: “We know: If Republicans nominate the Kede Rui case of what will happen as a hostage, that is: more of the people we love, may be deceived to make bad financial decisions . ”
U.S. House Speaker John Boehner said in a statement: “Obama the power to seize the extraordinary and completely unprecedented, and I expect: The Court will determine not legitimate.”

U.S. Republican presidential candidate, former Pennsylvania Senator Santo Lom (Rick Santorum) last fall warned that up to middle-income European countries, the mobility to more than the United States.

Conservative thought leaders “National Review” (National Review) wrote that most Western European countries and English-speaking countries have higher liquidity.

Wisconsin Republican Congressman Ryan (Paul D. Ryan) said the United States overall liquidity remains high, at the same time, most recently, recognition of increased liquidity from the underlying problem is the place behind the United States.

Brookings Institution economist Suoxi Er (Isabel V. Sawhill): “Unlike most developed countries the U.S. has so much liquidity, it is becoming conventional wisdom, I do not think you will find a lot of people made it deny it. ”

“The New York Times,” said one of the reasons of liquidity gap, perhaps the depth of poverty in the United States, resulting in poor children start to lag behind. Another reason, perhaps the U.S. employers who have a university diploma, pay a higher premium wages. Since children usually go with their parents and the educational track, the kind of premium wages, increase the importance of family background, suffocation lower levels of education opportunities.

In recent years, at least five major studies have found – lower than comparable U.S. national mobility.
Swedish economist praise mention (Markus Jantti) led a project found that one-fifth of total U.S. population, low-income families grew up among men, 42% in the adult, still remain in that class.
Shows that in the United States, in the proportion of those long-term disadvantage, much higher than in Denmark (25%) and UK (30%).

Only 8% of U.S. low-level man can rise to the richest 20%.

British economy from the bottom up to the top, accounting for 12%, Denmark 14%.

United States has repeatedly claimed, is a classless society, one-fifth of the total U.S. population of high-income families in which children grow up, 62%, to adult, will remain in the United States accounted for two fifths of the population of high-income groups .

The Pew Charitable Trusts (Pew Charitable Trusts) economic mobility project has shown that one-fifth of the total U.S. population, income level, 65% in the adult, will remain two-fifths of total U.S. population of low-income level.

Because too much emphasis on the impact of family background, these studies challenge the United States of features for the debate to speak of social injustice. Liberals often stressed that the U.S. income gap to the unusual, many conservatives say, the system is fair, because liquidity is high, everyone can climb down the social ladder. Now evidence that the U.S. is not only equal, but also a lack of liquidity.

Former President Bush’s aides Bristol Ji Lande (John Bridgeland), said he to the international comparison, was “shocked.” Bush, who helped launch the “opportunity state” project, he said, “Republicans do not feel – have to discuss the issue of income inequality, but they will feel – the need to discuss the lack of liquidity – that is the lack of opportunity to achieve the American dream. ”

Although the European cultural and demographic composition, are relatively large differences with the United States, but, the most comparable, Canada.
University of Ottawa economist Colac (Miles Corak) found that 10% of Canada’s population grew up in the bottom of society among men, only 16% to the adult, still stuck at the bottom; the United States, accounting for 22%. Similarly, in 10% of the total U.S. population among high-income level, 26% of men, grew up, still at the top; Canada, only 18%. Colac Professor, family background role in the United States, more than other comparable countries.

Skeptics said the study to measure the “relative mobility” – the status of their children than mothers and fathers. Does that make money and more “absolute mobility” different. The income of most Americans, more than parents, because the whole country richer.

Some conservatives said that this “absolute mobility” to the true measure of the opportunity.
A study found that 81% of Americans more than the income of the parents. Other countries do not have comparable data. As two generations of research needs that data, they ignored the immigrant families.
Heritage Foundation analyst Butler (Stuart M. Butler), if the mobility of the U.S. economy is so bad, maybe someone should tell the people who wanted to come to the United States: Do not immigrants.