Bilateral Migration Agreements

We created two sets of data based on the 582 BLAs we identified. The first set of data, the blah processing kit – used the contract as an observation unit. The second set of data – BLAs DyadYear Dataset – uses the year of the dyads as the unit of observation. The Dyad Year dataset is structured in such a way that it is ready for analysis by other scientists and contains a number of variables from other public data sets (full citation information is available in the corresponding codes). For more details on these two agreements, see below. BLAs can be an instrument for better management of labour immigration in a triple-win scenario: benefiting both sending and destination countries and migrant workers themselves. In addition, the sending country can be a means of ensuring that migrant workers have adequate employment and employment regimes, in addition to ensuring that they are covered by social protection (ILO/IOM/OSCE, 2007). The terms of BLA negotiated and established by states can be very different. Nevertheless, there are several characteristics that agreements may have in common. One example is that the country of destination protects migrant workers from ill-treatment in their jobs and ensures access to health care. On the other hand, the country of origin can achieve this by controlling the migratory flow. While both countries, sending and receiving, generally agree to monitor workers (Chilton and Posner, 2017).

Wickramasekara, P. (2015). Bilateral agreements and memoranda of understanding on migration of low-skilled labour: a review, International Employment Office – Geneva, ILO. 64P. Accessible:—ed_protect/—protrav/—migrant/documents/publication/wcms_385582.pdf bilateral labour agreements (BLA) and memoranda of understanding (MOU) have become popular instruments for the protection of migrant workers to address the challenges of ensuring the accessibility of social protection (Wickramasekara, 2015). The International Labour Organization (ILO) has recognized BLAs and MOUs as a good practice in the management of labour immigration (Wickramasekara and Ruhunage, 2018). Panhuys, C. et al. (2017). Migrants` access to social protection under bilateral labour agreements: a review of 120 countries and nine bilateral agreements, URS – Working Paper No. 57, International Labour Organization. 54P.

Accessible: Recently, bilateral labour agreements, such as bilateral agreements and memoranda of understanding on labour immigration, have gained importance as instruments facilitating labour mobility. . . .