Association agreements are comprehensive framework agreements between the EU (or its predecessors) and its Member States, as well as an external state that governs its bilateral relations. The provision on an Association Agreement was incorporated into the Treaty of Rome establishing the European Economic Community in order to allow cooperation between the Community and the United Kingdom, which had withdrawn from the Treaty negotiations at the Messina Conference in 1955. According to the European External Action Service, to be classified as AA, an agreement must meet several criteria: If the UK leaves the EU without these agreements, trade with these countries will be done according to WTO rules. In December 2018, the government announced agreements with the three EFTA-EEA countries to address separation issues similar to those of the VA. She also announced an agreement with Switzerland on citizens` rights. In February 2019, an agreement on citizens` rights was announced with the three EFTA-EEA countries in a no-deal scenario. Around a quarter of the EU`s international agreements were considered mixed agreements, as they cover the competences shared between the EU and the Member States. This means that they have been ratified separately by EU Member States and approved at EU level. While eu-only agreements will no longer apply to the UK after withdrawal from the EU, some legal experts have suggested that aspects of mixed agreements could continue to apply. However, the EU said that not all agreements applied anymore.
The Southern African Customs Union and mozambique`s trading bloc countries have been added to the list of signed agreements. Changes to the table “Trade agreements under discussion”: the figures for “percentage of UK total trade, 2018” have been updated following the publication of UK trade statistics from the Office for National Statistics. In February 2019, the government clarified that after the withdrawal date, the UK would remain a party to most “mixed” multilateral agreements, “where it is already a full party”. These include the agreement establishing the World Trade Organisation and the agreements on climate change. The UK would not remain a party to “mixed” bilateral agreements, such as some EU air and free trade agreements. The agreements under discussion are listed below. The government`s impact assessment, published on 2 February, stated that it was “urgently” looking for emergency options in which discussions deviated from their trajectory, including provisional application and transition mechanisms (e.g. .