美国劳工部最新公布的数据显示,今年4月份美国非农业部门失业率较前月下降0.1个百分点,降至8.1%。失业率持续下降是就业市场改善之“喜”,但其背后也存在经济低速复苏、就业市场结构性压力未消之“忧”。

美国劳工部最新公布的数据显示,今年4月份美国非农业部门失业率较前月下降0.1个百分点,降至8.1%。失业率持续下降是就业市场改善之“喜”,但其背后也存在经济低速复苏、就业市场结构性压力未消之“忧”。

  经济复苏延续

  失业率是经济运行态势的晴雨表。美国各项月度经济数据常有波动,但当前主要经济数据透露出的基调不变,即美国经济行进在缓慢的复苏通道上。但近期美国经济扩张动能减缓的迹象仍值得关注。

  美国商务部的估测数据显示,今年第一季度美国实际国内生产总值按年率计算增长2.2%,为连续第11个季度增长,但是增幅低于市场此前普遍预测的2.5%,也低于去年第四季度的3%。

  美国劳工部的数据显示,今年第一季度美国非农业部门劳动生产率按年率计算降低0.5%。劳动生产率下降是雇主正在增加雇员的积极信号。此外,目前美国首次申请失业救济人数四周移动平均值为38.35万,较金融危机期间已大幅下降,但依旧高于经济学家认为能表明失业率会持续下滑的37.5万的门槛。

  美国供应管理协会的报告显示,截至4月份,美国制造业活动连续第33个月扩张,非制造业活动连续第28个月扩张。但是,为美国提供约90%非农就业岗位的非制造业活动增幅减速,4月份非制造业活动指数为53.5,低于3月份的56.0,而且和就业市场关系密切的新订单指数和就业指数等分项指标均下滑。

  美国智库彼得森国际经济研究所副所长马库斯·诺兰告诉记者,美国经济延续缓慢复苏的势头并未改变,在一定程度上,去年冬天和今年初经济增长的较好表现与美国多数地区天气温暖等季节性因素有关,但是观察者不宜期待美国经济和就业市场短期内迎来强劲复苏。

  新增岗位趋缓

  美国劳工部的最新数据显示,4月份美国非农业部门新增岗位11.5万个,略低于市场预期。当月,美国餐饮酒店业、制造业等私营部门共新增就业岗位13万个;在美国政府精简开支的背景下,各级政府部门减少1.5万个工作岗位。自美国经济从2009年夏天开始复苏以来,美国各级政府部门裁减了超过60万个就业岗位。

  当月失业率下降的一个原因是美国劳工部上调了前两个月新增就业岗位数据,将2月份新增就业岗位数从24万上调至25.9万,将3月份新增就业岗位数从12万上调至15.4万。专家指出,由于建筑业、制造业等行业扩张势头减弱,美国的月度新增就业岗位已从今年前两个月里每月超过20万滑落至3月份和4月份的10多万。

  美国经济政策研究所经济学家海迪·希尔霍尔兹认为,当前月度增加10万多的就业岗位速度可以在人口不断增长的背景下保证失业率不上升,但要在几年内迅速将美国失业率降至金融危机前的水平,需要每月新增约30万就业岗位。

  彼得森国际经济研究所资深研究员约瑟夫·加尼翁认为,美国经济总量已恢复到金融危机前水平,但美国经济依旧没有达到年均约3%的潜在产出水平,就业岗位创造也难以迅速增加。

  结构性挑战

  截至今年4月,美国劳动参与率已连续两个月下滑。劳动参与率衡量的是在职和求职人口总数占劳动年龄人口的比率,其明显下降表明有较多求职者放弃求职,这些劳动年龄人口重返就业市场就有可能导致失业率反弹。4月份,美国劳动参与率为63.6%,环比下降0.2个百分点,同比下降0.6个百分点。

  希尔霍尔兹表示,当前的劳动参与率显著低于金融危机前2007年12月的66.0%,劳动参与率降低的诱因是就业市场压力明显,美国失业率连续三年多高于8%,更广义的不充分就业率当前高达14.5%,失业时间超过27周的长期失业者人数占总失业人数的比重当前高达41.3%。

  近年来,在就业岗位紧俏的背景下,美国劳动者的收入增幅缓慢。4月份美国雇员的平均时薪仅环比增加1美分,至23.38美元。在过去一年间,美国雇员的平均时薪仅增加1.8%,增速低于金融危机前,也低于过去一年消费价格指数涨幅。

  彼得森国际经济研究所客座研究员霍华德·罗森表示,在过去20年间,随着产业结构变迁,美国就业市场也发生着结构性变化,即高报酬岗位逐渐减少,金融危机加速了这一趋势。在金融危机期间消失的800多万就业岗位中,有三分之二集中在建筑业、制造业、职业及商业服务业、零售、餐饮酒店业这五大行业,前三个行业都是高收入行业。

  罗森表示,自从美国就业市场复苏以来,低收入和高收入行业的岗位增速呈现不对称局面,新增总就业岗位中的约六成来自零售、教育、餐饮酒店业、职业及商业服务业这四大行业,而前三个行业都是低收入行业。

  诺兰等专家认为,和欧洲很多国家一样,金融危机过后,美国私营部门和家庭的去杠杆化是一个长期的进程,经济复苏和就业市场改善势必也会行进在颠簸起伏的道路上,观察者需要调整好心态和预期值。

The U.S. Labor Department data released in April this year, the U.S. unemployment rate of non-agricultural sector decreased by 0.1 percentage points from the previous month to 8.1%. Unemployment rate continued to decline the job market to improve “hi”, but behind it there are also low-speed recovery of the economy, the structural pressures of the job market still lingers “worries”.

Economic recovery continuation

The unemployment rate is a barometer of the economic situation. The monthly economic data often fluctuate, but the tone of the major economic data revealed the same, that the U.S. economy moving in a slow recovery on the channel. But signs of slowing down of the recent U.S. economic expansion of the kinetic energy is still cause for concern.

Estimates of the U.S. Commerce Department data show that the first quarter of this year, U.S. real GDP at an annual rate increase of 2.2% for the 11th consecutive quarter of growth, but the increase was lower than 2.5% of the market had widely predicted, also lower than 3% in the fourth quarter of last year.

U.S. Department of Labor data show that the first quarter of this year, the U.S. non-farm sector labor productivity at an annual rate reduction of 0.5%. The decline in labor productivity employers are increasing employees’ positive signal. In addition, initial claims for unemployment relief the number of four-week moving average of 383,500, has fallen significantly over during the financial crisis, but still higher than economists believe can show that the unemployment rate will continue to decline in the 375 000 threshold .

U.S. Institute for Supply Management report showed that as of April, the U.S. manufacturing activity for expansion of 33 non-manufacturing activity in the 28 consecutive month of expansion. Increase in deceleration of the non-manufacturing activities, however, provide the U.S. with about 90% of non-farm jobs in April non-manufacturing index was 53.5 down from 56.0 in March, and the employment market close new orders attainment indicators in the index and the employment index fell.

U.S. the intellectual Kubidesen Institute for International Economics, deputy director of Marcus Nolan told reporters that the continuation of the momentum of the slow recovery of the U.S. economy has not changed, the better performance to a certain extent, economic growth in the last winter and the beginning of this year with the United States most parts of the warm weather and seasonal factors, but observers should not expect to usher in a strong recovery in the short term the U.S. economy and job market.

New jobs slowed down

U.S. Department of Labor’s latest figures show that April U.S. non-farm sector new jobs of 115,000, slightly lower than market expectations. That same month, the United States catering hotels, manufacturing, and other private sector added a total of 130,000 jobs; a decrease of 15,000 jobs in the context of the U.S. government to streamline the spending, the government departments at all levels. Since the U.S. economy started to recover from the summer of 2009, the United States government departments at all levels cut over 600,000 jobs.

One reason is that the month the unemployment rate fell to U.S. Labor Department raised two months before the new jobs data, the number of new jobs in February, revised upward to 259,000 from 240,000, the March number of new jobs from raised to 120 000 154 000. The experts pointed out that due to the weakening of the momentum of the expansion of industries such as construction, manufacturing, monthly new jobs in the United States from the first two months, each month more than 200,000 fall to more than 10 million in March and April.

U.S. Economic Policy Institute economist Heidi Hill Holtz, current monthly increase of more than 100,000 jobs, the speed in the context of a growing population that do not rise in the unemployment rate, but rapidly within a few years The unemployment rate fell to the level before the financial crisis, you need to add about 300,000 jobs a month.

Joseph Gagnon, senior research fellow of the Peterson Institute for International Economics, believes that the U.S. economy has been restored to pre-crisis level, but the U.S. economy is still not reached an average of about 3% of the potential level of output, job creation is difficult to quickly increase.

Structural challenges

As of April this year, the U.S. labor force participation rate of two consecutive months of decline. The labor force participation rate is a measure of-the-job and job-total population ratio of total working age population, and decreased that more job seekers to give up the job, these working-age population to return to the job market is likely to lead to the unemployment rate rebounded. In April, the U.S. labor participation rate was 63.6%, a decline of 0.2 percent, down 0.6 percentage points.

Hill Holtz said that the current labor force participation rate was significantly below pre-crisis to 66.0 percent in December 2007 reduced the incentive for labor force participation rate is the pressure of the job market is obvious, the U.S. unemployment rate for three consecutive years and more than 8 %, more generalized underemployment rate as high as 14.5%, the proportion of the total number of unemployed on long-term unemployed people unemployed for more than 27 weeks up to 41.3%.

In recent years, in the context of jobs in short supply, the slow growth of income of American workers. April average hourly wage of U.S. employees only ring than an increase of 1 cent to $ 23.38. U.S. employees in the past year, the average hourly wage increased by only 1.8 percent growth rate is lower than before the financial crisis, is also lower than the consumer price index over the past year.

Howard Rosen, Visiting Fellow of Peterson Institute for International Economics, said in the past 20 years, with the changing industrial structure, the U.S. job market is also undergoing structural changes, high-paying jobs is gradually reduced, the financial crisis has accelerated this trend. Over 800 million jobs disappeared during the financial crisis, two-thirds concentrated in these five sectors of the construction, manufacturing, professional and business services, retail, catering and hotel industry, the first three sectors are high-income industries.

Rosen said that since the recovery of the U.S. job market, low-and high-income industry job growth is asymmetrical situation, add about 60% of total jobs in retail, education, catering and hotel industry, occupation and business services industry in these four industries, the first three sectors are low-income sectors.

Nolan and other experts believe that many European countries, the financial crisis, the deleveraging of the U.S. private sector and the family is a long-term process of economic recovery and improving job market will inevitably march on the road of ups and downs, the observer need to change their attitude and expectations.

漢語名稱由谷歌自動翻譯,特注
聯繫人:
http://www.billionairesdesire.com (網站價值評估:超億元);
http://www.billionairesParty.com (網站價值評估:超億元);
http://www.billionairesGroup.com (網站價值評估:超億元);
http://www.helicoptersbuyers.com (網站價值評估:超億元);
漢語名稱由谷歌自動翻譯,特注
blonde billionaires empire inc.的中文翻译_百度翻译
[翻译结果]金发碧眼的亿万富豪帝国有限公司
该结果仅供参考翻译更多
自动检测语言 中译英 英译中 中译日 日译中 百度翻译 收起
fanyi.baidu.com
联系人:
http://www.billionairesdesire.com (网站价值评估:超亿元);
http://www.billionairesParty.com (网站价值评估:超亿元);
http://www.billionairesGroup.com (网站价值评估:超亿元);
http://www.helicoptersbuyers.com (网站价值评估:超亿元);
汉语名称由谷歌自动翻译,特注
(United States) Blonde, Billionaires Empire is Inc.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
(United States) Blonde, Billionaires Empire is Inc.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
Blonde, Billionaires Empire Inc.Of U.S.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
The Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.Of the United States of America
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
(美利堅合眾國)Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
(美利堅合眾國)Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.Of 美國
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.Of 美利堅合眾國
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
(美利坚合众国)Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
(美利坚合众国)Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.Of 美国
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.Of 美利坚合众国
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
(美利坚合众国)金发(女孩,姑娘,少女,女青年)亿万富豪帝国公司
QQ:1779642876
电子邮箱:1779642876@qq.com
(美利坚合众国)金发亿万富翁帝国公司
QQ:1779642876
电子邮箱:1779642876@qq.com
金发碧眼的亿万富翁帝国Inc.Of美国
QQ:1779642876
电子邮箱:1779642876@qq.com
金发碧眼的(女孩,姑娘,少女)亿万富豪帝国Inc.Of美利坚合众国
QQ:1779642876
电子邮箱:1779642876@qq.com
(美利堅合眾國)金發億萬富翁帝國公司
QQ:1779642876
電子郵箱:1779642876@qq.com
(美利堅合眾國)金發億萬富翁帝國公司
QQ:1779642876
電子郵箱:1779642876@qq.com
金發碧眼的億萬富翁帝國Inc.Of美國
QQ:1779642876
電子郵箱:1779642876@qq.com
金發碧眼的億萬富翁帝國Inc.Of美利堅合眾國
QQ:1779642876
電子郵箱:1779642876@qq.com
汉语名称由谷歌自动翻译,特注
(美利堅合眾國)金發(女孩,姑娘,少女,女青年,)億萬富豪帝國公司
QQ:1779642876
電子郵箱:1779642876@qq.com
金發碧眼的(女孩,姑娘,少女)億萬富豪帝國Inc.Of美利堅合眾國
QQ:1779642876
電子郵箱:1779642876@qq.com