蓖麻(Ricinus communis L.),属大戟科多年生木质草本植物,别名-红麻、草麻、八麻子、牛蓖等。原产于埃及、埃塞俄比亚和印度,后来,传播到巴西、泰国、阿根廷、美国等地。中国栽培的蓖麻,由印度传入,约1400多年历史。

蓖麻(Ricinus communis L.),属大戟科多年生木质草本植物,别名-红麻、草麻、八麻子、牛蓖等。原产于埃及、埃塞俄比亚和印度,后来,传播到巴西、泰国、阿根廷、美国等地。中国栽培的蓖麻,由印度传入,约1400多年历史。

蓖麻的利用价值非常高,蓖麻籽可以榨油;蓖麻叶可以养蚕;蓖麻茎秆可以制板和造纸;蓖麻根茎叶籽均可入药;现代医学研究表明-蓖麻毒素是重要的抗癌物质;蓖麻粕营养丰富,是优质有机肥,脱毒后,是一种高蛋白饲料。

蓖麻籽含油量50%左右,是其它油料作物所不能及的。蓖麻油的作用,主要体现在以下三个方面:

第一、高级润滑油:蓖麻油有着特殊的稳定性,在-18℃不凝固,在500~600℃高温下,不变质、不燃烧,成为航空、航天最重要的润滑油和汽车刹车油。

第二、重要的化工原料:蓖麻油含有近90%的蓖麻酸,这一特性,使得蓖麻油,成为现代化工的重要原料。凡是用石油能够生产的化工产品,基本都可以用蓖麻油进行生产,很多用蓖麻油生产的产品,不能用石油来代替。蓖麻油的深加工产品,多达3000余种,尼龙11、癸二酸、12-羟基硬脂酸等,广泛应用于医药、航天、航空、军事、通讯、机械制造、精细化工等高新技术领域。

第三、最有前景的生物能源:随着世界石油资源紧缺状况的不断加剧,蓖麻的能源化利用,越来越受到人们的关注。蓖麻具有单位面积产油量高、适应性广、不与粮棉争地等特点,蓖麻将是最有前景的生物能源。

蓖麻主要生产国,是印度、中国、巴西,三国的产量,占世界总量的80%以上。全世界常年种植蓖麻300多万公顷,年产蓖麻籽150万吨左右,基本不能满足现有的加工需求。如果将来用于生物能源,蓖麻的需求量,将急剧扩大。

80年代以前,蓖麻在中国的种植,非常普遍
以往的常规品种,产量低、效益低、栽培规模过小,难以销售等原因,蓖麻,在很多地区被逐渐淘汰。90年代以来,随着杂交种的出现,蓖麻产量,大幅度提高,亩效益逐步提高到1000元左右。专家预测,蓖麻杂交种,将全面取代以往的常规种,蓖麻产业,将朝着良种化、规模化、高效化、产业化方面发展。

蓖麻在中国的种植分布,没有明显划分。南起海南岛、北至黑龙江,均有栽培。蓖麻杂交种,具有耐旱、耐脊薄、耐盐碱、适应性强、管理简单、投入少、效益高等突出特点,无论是粮田,还是丘陵地、山坡地、盐碱地,乃至地头堰边、房前,屋后,都可以种植。

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Castor (ricinus is communis, L.), is a Euphorbiaceae perennial woody herb, alias – kenaf, straw, flax, eight Asako, cattle grate and so on. Originating in Egypt, Ethiopia and India, and later spread to Brazil, Thailand, Argentina, the United States. Chinese cultivation of castor-oil plant, introduced from India about 1400 years of history.

Very high value of the use of castor, castor oil can be pressed; castor leaves can sericulture; castor stalk system board and paper; castor root, stem and seeds can be used as medicine; Modern medical research shows – ricin important anti-cancer substances; castor meal rich in nutrition, is a quality organic fertilizer, after detoxification, is a high-protein feed.

Castor bean oil content of about 50%, other oil crops and The role of castor oil, is mainly reflected in the following three aspects:

First, senior oil: castor oil has a special stability at -18 ° C freezing, high temperature of 500 ~ 600 ℃, not bad, does not burn, as an aviation and the most important aerospace lubricants and automotive brake fluid.

Secondly, an important chemical raw materials: Castor oil contains nearly 90% of ricinoleic acid, and this feature makes the castor oil, become an important raw material of the modern chemical industry. Any oil can produce chemical products, basic can with castor oil production, the product of castor oil production, can not use oil instead. Castor oil deep processing products, as many as 3,000 kinds of nylon 11, sebacic acid, 12 – hydroxy stearic acid, etc., are widely used in medicine, aerospace, aviation, military, telecommunications, machinery manufacturing, fine chemicals and other high-tech fields.

Third, and most promising bio-energy: With the growing shortage of the world’s oil resources, castor the energy use, more and more attention. Ricin has a high oil yield per unit area, wide adaptability, not with the grain and cotton competing for the castor-oil plant will be the most promising bioenergy.

Castor-producing countries, production in India, China, Brazil, three countries, accounting for more than 80 percent of the world’s total. Perennial planting castor over 300 million hectares of the world, with an annual output of castor beans about 1.5 million tons, basically can not meet the processing needs. If in the future for bio-energy, castor demand will rapidly expand.

Before the 1980s, the cultivation of the castor-oil plant in China is very common
Conventional varieties, low yields, low cost-effectiveness, the cultivation of the small scale, it is difficult to sales and other reasons, castor, be phased out in many areas. Since the 1990s, with the emergence of hybrid castor production, a substantial increase, Mu Xiaoyi gradually increased to about 1000 yuan. Experts predict that the castor hybrids will completely replace conventional castor industry will be towards the development of the seed, and large-scale, efficient, industrialization.

Castor planting distribution in China, are not sharply separated. South from Hainan Island, north to Heilongjiang, are growing. Castor hybrids with drought resistance, a thin ridge, salinity, adaptable, simple to manage a small investment, the higher effectiveness of the prominent characteristics, whether it is grain, or hills, hillside, saline, and even the edge of the edge of a farm dam The front of the house, room, and can be planted.

Chinese name automatically translated by Google, and special note

蓖麻(Ricinus communis L.),屬大戟科多年生木質草本植物,別名-紅麻、草麻、八麻子、牛蓖等。原產於埃及、埃塞俄比亞和印度,後來,傳播到巴西、泰國、阿根廷、美國等地。中國栽培的蓖麻,由印度傳入,約1400多年曆史。

蓖麻的利用價值非常高,蓖麻籽可以榨油;蓖麻葉可以養蠶;蓖麻莖稈可以製板和造紙;蓖麻根莖葉籽均可入藥;現代醫學研究表明-蓖麻毒素是重要的抗癌物質;蓖麻粕營養豐富,是優質有機肥,脫毒後,是一種高蛋白飼料。

蓖麻籽含油量50%左右,是其它油料作物所不能及的。蓖麻油的作用,主要體現在以下三個方面:

第一、高級潤滑油:蓖麻油有著特殊​​的穩定性,在-18℃不凝固,在500~600℃高溫下,不變質、不燃燒,成為航空、航天最重要的潤滑油和汽車剎車油。

第二、重要的化工原料:蓖麻油含有近90%的蓖麻酸,這一特性,使得蓖麻油,成為現代化工的重要原料。凡是用石油能夠生產的化工產品,基本都可以用蓖麻油進行生產,很多用蓖麻油生產的產品,不能用石油來代替。蓖麻油的深加工產品,多達3000餘種,尼龍11、癸二酸、12-羥基硬脂酸等,廣泛應用於醫藥、航天、航空、軍事、通訊、機械製造、精細化工等高新技術領域。

第三、最有前景的生物能源:隨著世界石油資源緊缺狀況的不斷加劇,蓖麻的能源化利用,越來越受到人們的關注。蓖麻具有單位面積產油量高、適應性廣、不與糧棉爭地等特點,蓖麻將是最有前景的生物能源。

蓖麻主要生產國,是印度、中國、巴西,三國的產量,佔世界總量的80%以上。全世界常年種植蓖麻300多萬公頃,年產蓖麻籽150萬噸左右,基本不能滿足現有的加工需求。如果將來用於生物能源,蓖麻的需求量,將急劇擴大。

80年代以前,蓖麻在中國的種植,非常普遍
以往的常規品種,產量低、效益低、栽培規模過小,難以銷售等原因,蓖麻,在很多地區被逐漸淘汰。 90年代以來,隨著雜交種的出現,蓖麻產量,大幅度提高,畝效益逐步提高到1000元左右。專家預測,蓖麻雜交種,將全面取代以往的常規種,蓖麻產業,將朝著良種化、規模化、高效化、產業化方面發展。

蓖麻在中國的種植分佈,沒有明顯劃分。南起海南島、北至黑龍江,均有栽培。蓖麻雜交種,具有耐旱、耐脊薄、耐鹽鹼、適應性強、管理簡單、投入少、效益高等突出特點,無論是糧田,還是丘陵地、山坡地、鹽鹼地,乃至地頭堰邊、房前,屋後,都可以種植。

漢語名稱由谷歌自動翻譯,特注

《蓖麻(Ricinus communis L.),属大戟科多年生木质草本植物,别名-红麻、草麻、八麻子、牛蓖等。原产于埃及、埃塞俄比亚和印度,后来,传播到巴西、泰国、阿根廷、美国等地。中国栽培的蓖麻,由印度传入,约1400多年历史。》有2个想法

  1. L.Z.国际教育课程注册合同

    一、双方当事人:

    甲方(客户): ______________­­­­

    乙方:上海L.Z.文化传播有限公司

    学员信息:

    姓名______________性别______________年龄 ­­­­­

    联系方式:家庭电话___________________手机____________________

    住宅地址: ______________________________邮编____________________

    上课地址:______________________________

    二、注册课程设置:

    1.首次授课预约:________________________________________

    2.注册课程合同有效期,学习时间从_____________至_______________共计:__________月

    3外教级别___________总课时数 _______课时单价_________课时总价__________授课频率______课时/_____周

    4客户类型:新客户,老客户,介绍老客户,续费

    5付款方式:现金,支票,刷卡,转账

    6授课地点:外教家,客户家,中心,其他__________

    注:外国教师教学,学习时间,需两课时起。

    7每周上课时间安排:____________________

    经双方同意,可对课程时间,做出适当调整。

    8.付款方式及付款时间

    1.一次性付款:人民币__________________________

    2.课程费用,应于签订本协议之日支付。

    3.备注:在两年时间内,甲方保持一周,两到三次的上课频率,双方都积极配合的情况下,乙方保证:学员雅思考到四分成绩

    三、双方的权利及义务

    1.甲方应如实填写客户登记表。如变更居住地址、电话号码或其他重要情况,应及时通知乙方。因甲方原因,导致乙方履行本协议产生额外费用,或未能按照本协议履行其义务的,其后果或责任,由甲方承担。

    2.甲方应尊重校方教师的人身、名誉和其他合法权益,不得命令或诱导乙方教师从事危险活动,如因上述原因,造成乙方教师的人身、名誉和其他权益受到损害的,则由甲方无条件地承担全部赔偿责任。

    3.甲方应在双方教学区域内,妥善保管现金、首饰、手表等贵重物品。

    4.甲方充分理解并认同:合约期内,虽然,乙方会尽量保持教师及教学的稳定连贯,但,因外教并不属于中国永久居民,会因签证到期、西方假日、探亲、生病、事假等原因,带来一定的流动性,如因上述原因-导致原外教无法继续授课的,乙方一般应于三天内、最长不超过2周,做好调换外教、课程衔接等

    5.上课预约与取消规定:一对一课程,如需甲方预定上课时间或取消上课,甲方应当至少提前24小时通知乙方,如甲方未能及时通知乙方取消课程,而导致乙方外教或中教处于去上课地点途中,或已到达上课地点,甲方需按照预定的时间,支付一节赔偿课时费用,及相应的交通费用。如外教或中教取消或改变上课时间,也需提前24小时通知甲方。。

    6.乙方为甲方指定一位外教、学习顾问、课程顾问,为甲方共同提供教学服务。

    7.乙方的学习顾问,将根据甲方的学习目的和要求,为其选择适合的外教级别,如因乙方或外教原因,导致甲方不满并提出更换,在双方共同认可的合理解释范围内,乙方应为甲方进行调换,直至甲方满意。

    8.乙方学习顾问,根据甲方所提出的合理要求,对其任课外教或中教,进行适度协调,尽可能满足学员学习语言的合理要求。合理的标准,由甲乙双方共同认定和解释。

    9.甲方如需乙方教师上门授课,甲方应当支付教师从离甲方最近地铁站,到其指定地点的往返打车费用(如果乙方教师,从离甲方指定地点最近的地铁站,到其指定地点,不超过20分钟步行路程,可不提供任何交通费)。

    10.上课时间计算:按实际课时计算。不满半课时的,按照半课时计算,半课时以上,不满一课时的,按照一课时计算,依次类推。每次课程结束,甲方需在课时卡上,签字确认。

    11.迟到问题:甲方应当遵守上课时间,外国教师或中教等待时间,最长为十分钟,甲方在不能出示医院或其他单位等有效证明的情况下,十分钟以后,开始以实际时间计费;如教师第一次迟到,十分钟以上,在不能出示医院或其他单位等有效证明的情况下,甲方有权利在课时卡上,扣除相应的等待时间,如,教师第二次迟到,在不能出示医院或其他单位等有效证明的情况下,甲方有权利,向乙方提出调换教师的申请,并有权利要求乙方开除此教师。

    12.外国教师的假日:每逢西方假日(圣诞节前后,各一周),乙方外国教师,如需休假,而甲方仍需课程持续,乙方有在此期间,为甲方临时调换老师的权利。

    13.由于甲方个人原因,需要单方面终止合同的,乙方建议甲方,将剩余课时,转给他人。

    14.由于甲方个人原因,在合同开始三个月内,不能继续上课的,或单方面想要终止合同的,乙方在扣除已上课时费后,将剩余课时费的50%,退还给甲方;甲方在合同开始三个月后,不能继续上课的,或单方面想要终止合同的,乙方将不再退还任何费用。

    15.乙方提供甲方学习所需的指定场所、设备和教学服务。

    在保证甲方学习质量的前提下,乙方有调整学习地点、布局及改进教学服务权利。

    16.甲方应按照合同协议,支付课程费用,不论因何种原因,甲方未按时付款,乙方有权,立即暂停甲方的学习,直至甲方交足所欠费用为止。如甲方注册课程时,已交定金,剩余课时费,需在三天之内,付清余款。如甲方未按照协定支付日期付款,并故意拖延15天以上,须赔偿乙方本合同总课时费的30%的违约金。

    17.本课程注册合同的课程费用,不包括课程教材费。

    四 备注

    本合同一式两份,自甲,乙双方签字或盖章,并交纳合同确定的课时费之后,起生效;甲,乙双方各执一份,具有同等法律效力。

    本合同,有效期满后,自动终止。

    甲方(签字):乙方:(印章)

    经办人(签字):

    年月日
    年月日

    汉语名称由谷歌自动翻译,特注

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    President,CEO ,Mr.Geoorge S.Chen,手机短信接受号码:+0086-13901623260;

    L.Z. International Education Program registration contract

    First, the parties:

    Party (Customer): ____________ —-

    B: the Shanghai L.Z. Culture Communication Co., Ltd.

    Student information:

    Name ______________ Sex ______________ Age

    Contact: Home Phone ___________________ phone ____________________

    Residential Address: ______________________________ Zip Code ____________________

    Address of school: ______________________________

    Second, the curriculum:

    A teaching appointment for the first time: _________________________________

    Registered course duration of the contract, to learn from _____________ to _______________ Total: __________ months

    Three-level teacher ___________ _________ hours total price of the total number of hours _______ hours Price __________ teaching frequency ______ hours / _____ weeks

    Four types of customers: new customers, old customers, introduced and old customers, renewals

    Payment: cash, check, credit card, transfer

    Venue: teacher at home, the client’s home, center, other __________

    Note: The foreign teachers teaching, learning time, from the required two courses.

    7 per week schedule: ____________________

    The course of time by mutual consent, and make appropriate adjustments.

    8 Payment and payment time

    A one-time payment: RMB __________________________

    The course fee should be paid to enter into this Agreement the day.

    Note: two-year period, the Party to maintain a week, two to three times the class frequency, both sides actively cooperate with the case, Party B shall ensure that: students IELTS test to the quartile results

    Third, both parties rights and obligations

    Party should fill out the customer registration form. Such as change of residence address, telephone number or other important information, and shall promptly notify the B. Due to Party A, Party B to perform this Agreement to incur additional costs, or failure to fulfill its obligations in accordance with this Agreement, its consequences or the responsibilities borne by the Party.

    Party should respect the teachers in the school’s personal, reputation and other legitimate rights and interests shall not be ordered or induced B teachers to engage in dangerous activities, as a result of the above reasons, resulting in B teachers in their persons, reputation and other interests are harmed, unconditionally accept full liability by the Party.

    Party should be in the teaching area of ​​both sides, safekeeping of cash, jewelry, watches and other valuables.

    Party to fully understand and agree that: the contract period, Party B will try to maintain a stable continuity of teachers and teaching, but, because the teacher does not belong to the permanent residents of China, because of the visa expires, Western holiday, visiting relatives, illness , personal leave and other reasons, a certain degree of mobility, as a result of the above reasons – led to the original teacher can not continue to teach, Party B should generally be in three days, the longest not more than two weeks to do the exchange teacher, the articulation

    5 class to make an appointment with the removal of requirements: one-to-one courses, For Party scheduled class time or cancel the class, the Party should be at least 24 hours notice to Party B, such as the Party failed to promptly notify Party B to cancel the course, which led to B Fang teacher or teach in a location on the way to go to class, or to reach the Venue, according to a predetermined time, Party A shall pay the cost of a compensation class, and the corresponding transport costs. Such as teacher or education to cancel or change the school hours, 24 hours prior notice to Party. .

    Party B to Party designated a teacher, learning consultant, curriculum consultant for the owner to co-teaching service.

    B’s learning consultant, based on learning objectives and requirements of the Party, its choice for the teacher level, as a result of the B or the teacher reasons, resulting in the Party discontent and proposed replacement, both sides recognized the scope of the reasonable explanation for Party A, Party B should be exchanged until the Party is satisfied.

    B learning consultants, according to the reasonable requirements of the Party, the classroom teacher or teaching, a moderate agreement, as far as possible to meet the reasonable requirements of the trainees learn the language. A reasonable standard by both parties to jointly identify and explain.

    Party A For Party B teachers home instruction, shall pay the teachers from the taxi costs from the Party nearest subway station to and from designated locations (B teachers, from the designated location away from the Party the nearest subway station. to their designated locations, not more than 20 minutes walk from time to provide any transportation costs).

    10 school hours calculation: according to actual hours. Less than one half hours of, calculated in accordance with the half hours, more than a half hours, less than one hours of in accordance with a class, and so on. Each end of the course, the Party needs in the class card, signature confirmation.

    11. Late question: Party A shall comply with the class time, foreign teachers or to teach the waiting time of up to ten minutes, the Party unable to present valid proof of the hospital or other units, ten minutes, they began the actual time billing; such as teachers for the first time late, more than ten minutes, unable to present valid proof of the hospital or other units, Party A has the right to deduct the waiting time in the class card, such as, teachers second late. unable to present valid proof of the hospital or other units, the Party has the right to exchange teachers to apply to Party B, and have the right to require Party B to expel this teacher.

    12 foreign teachers Holiday: Every Western holiday (Christmas, each week), B foreign teachers, For the holidays, the Party still courses continuing, Party B for Party In the meantime, temporary transfer to another teacher rights.

    Party of 13 Party for personal reasons, unilateral termination of the contract, Party B proposes, and the remaining hours to someone else.

    14 Party for personal reasons, in the beginning of the contract within three months, can not continue their lessons, or want to unilaterally terminate the contract, Party B in the net class when the fee will be 50% of the remaining class fee refunded to the Party; Party three months after the beginning of the contract, can not continue their lessons, or want to unilaterally terminate the contract, Party B will no longer refund of any fees.

    15 Party B shall provide Party A to learn the designated spaces, equipment and teaching services.

    Under the premise of ensuring the quality of Party A study, the B adjustment to learn the location, layout and the right to improve the teaching service.

    16 Party in accordance with contractual agreements to pay the course fee, Party A has not, for whatever reason, payment, Party B shall have the right to immediately suspend the Party of the study, until the first party to pay the full costs due date. Such as the Party of the registered course, have to pay a deposit, the remaining class fee required within three days to pay the balance. If Party A does not pay in accordance with the agreed payment date, and deliberately delayed for more than 15 days, to be compensation for liquidated damages of 30% of the total class fee of B of this contract.

    17 course registration contract course fee does not include course textbooks.

    Four Remarks

    After two copies of the contract, since A, B and signed by both parties or seal, and to pay the class fee determined by the contract, with effect from; A and B sides armed with one, have the same legal effect.

    This contract, after the expiration date is automatically terminated.

    Party A (signature): Party B: (Seal)

    Manager (signature):

    Date
    Date

    Chinese name automatically translated by Google, and special note

    L.Z.國際教育課程註冊合同

    一、雙方當事人:

    甲方(客戶): ______________­­­­

    乙方:上海L.Z.文化傳播有限公司

    學員信息:

    姓名______________性別______________年齡

    聯繫方式:家庭電話___________________手機____________________

    住宅地址: ______________________________郵編____________________

    上課地址:______________________________

    二、註冊課程設置:

    1.首次授課預約:________________________________________

    2.註冊課程合同有效期,學習時間從_____________至_______________共計:__________月

    3外教級別___________總課時數_______課時單價_________課時總價__________授課頻率______課時/_____週

    4客戶類型:新客戶,老客戶,介紹老客戶,續費

    5付款方式:現金,支票,刷卡,轉賬

    6授課地點:外教家,客戶家,中心,其他__________

    注:外國教師教學,學習時間,需兩課時起。

    7每週上課時間安排:____________________

    經雙方同意,可對課程時間,做出適當調整。

    8.付款方式及付款時間

    1.一次性付款:人民幣__________________________

    2.課程費用,應於簽訂本協議之日支付。

    3.備註:在兩年時間內,甲方保持一周,兩到三次的上課頻率,雙方都積極配合的情況下,乙方保證:學員雅思考到四分成績

    三、雙方的權利及義務

    1.甲方應如實填寫客戶登記表。如變更居住地址、電話號碼或其他重要情況,應及時通知乙方。因甲方原因,導致乙方履行本協議產生額外費用,或未能按照本協議履行其義務的,其後果或責任,由甲方承擔。

    2.甲方應尊重校方教師的人身、名譽和其他合法權益,不得命令或誘導乙方教師從事危險活動,如因上述原因,造成乙方教師的人身、名譽和其他權益受到損害的,則由甲方無條件地承擔全部賠償責任。

    3.甲方應在雙方教學區域內,妥善保管現金、首飾、手錶等貴重物品。

    4.甲方充分理解並認同:合約期內,雖然,乙方會盡量保持教師及教學的穩定連貫,但,因外教並不屬於中國永久居民,會因簽證到期、西方假日、探親、生病、事假等原因,帶來一定的流動性,如因上述原因-導致原外教無法繼續授課的,乙方一般應於三天內、最長不超過2週,做好調換外教、課程銜接等

    5.上課預約與取消規定:一對一課程,如需甲方預定上課時間或取消上課,甲方應當至少提前24小時通知乙方,如甲方未能及時通知乙方取消課程,而導致乙方外教​​或中教處於去上課地點途中,或已到達上課地點,甲方需按照預定的時間,支付一節賠償課時費用,及相應的交通費用。如外教或中教取消或改變上課時間,也需提前24小時通知甲方。 。

    6.乙方為甲方指定一位外教、學習顧問、課程顧問,為甲方共同提供教學服務。

    7.乙方的學習顧問,將根據甲方的學習目的和要求,為其選擇適合的外教級別,如因乙方或外教原因,導致甲方不滿並提出更換,在雙方共同認可的合理解釋範圍內,乙方應為甲方進行調換,直至甲方滿意。

    8.乙方學習顧問,根據甲方所提出的合理要求,對其任課外教或中教,進行適度協調,盡可能滿足學員學習語言的合理要求。合理的標準,由甲乙雙方共同認定和解釋。

    9.甲方如需乙方教師上門授課,甲方應當支付教師從離甲方最近地鐵站,到其指定地點的往返打車費用(如果乙方教師,從離甲方指定地點最近的地鐵站,到其指定地點,不超過20分鐘步行路程,可不提供任何交通費)。

    10.上課時間計算:按實際課時計算。不滿半課時的,按照半課時計算,半課時以上,不滿一課時的,按照一課時計算,依次類推。每次課程結束,甲方需在課時卡上,簽字確認。

    11.遲到問題:甲方應當遵守上課時間,外國教師或中教等待時間,最長為十分鐘,甲方在不能出示醫院或其他單位等有效證明的情況下,十分鐘以後,開始以實際時間計費;如教師第一次遲到,十分鐘以上,在不能出示醫院或其他單位等有效證明的情況下,甲方有權利在課時卡上,扣除相應的等待時間,如,教師第二次遲到,在不能出示醫院或其他單位等有效證明的情況下,甲方有權利,向乙方提出調換教師的申請,並有權利要求乙方開除此教師。

    12.外國教師的假日:每逢西方假日(聖誕節前後,各一周),乙方外國教師,如需休假,而甲方仍需課程持續,乙方有在此期間,為甲方臨時調換老師的權利。

    13.由於甲方個人原因,需要單方面終止合同的,乙方建議甲方,將剩餘課時,轉給他人。

    14.由於甲方個人原因,在合同開始三個月內,不能繼續上課的,或單方面想要終止合同的,乙方在扣除已上課時費後,將剩餘課時費的50%,退還給甲方;甲方在合同開始三個月後,不能繼續上課的,或單方面想要終止合同的,乙方將不再退還任何費用。

    15.乙方提供甲方學習所需的指定場所、設備和教學服務。

    在保證甲方學習質量的前提下,乙方有調整學習地點、佈局及改進教學服務權利。

    16.甲方應按照合同協議,支付課程費用,不論因何種原因,甲方未按時付款,乙方有權,立即暫停甲方的學習,直至甲方交足所欠費用為止。如甲方註冊課程時,已交定金,剩餘課時費,需在三天之內,付清餘款。如甲方未按照協定支付日期付款,並故意拖延15天以上,須賠償乙方本合同總課時費的30%的違約金。

    17.本課程註冊合同的課程費用,不包​​括課程教材費。

    四 備註

    本合同一式兩份,自甲,乙雙方簽字或蓋章,並交納合同確定的課時費之後,起生效;甲,乙雙方各執一份,具有同等法律效力。

    本合同,有效期滿後,自動終止。

    甲方(簽字):乙方:(印章)

    經辦人(簽字):

    年月日
    年月日

    漢語名稱由谷歌自動翻譯,特注

  2. 蓖麻(Ricinus communis L.),属大戟科多年生木质草本植物,别名-红麻、草麻、八麻子、牛蓖等。原产于埃及、埃塞俄比亚和印度,后来,传播到巴西、泰国、阿根廷、美国等地。中国栽培的蓖麻,由印度传入,约1400多年历史。

    蓖麻的利用价值非常高,蓖麻籽可以榨油;蓖麻叶可以养蚕;蓖麻茎秆可以制板和造纸;蓖麻根茎叶籽均可入药;现代医学研究表明-蓖麻毒素是重要的抗癌物质;蓖麻粕营养丰富,是优质有机肥,脱毒后,是一种高蛋白饲料。

    蓖麻籽含油量50%左右,是其它油料作物所不能及的。蓖麻油的作用,主要体现在以下三个方面:

    第一、高级润滑油:蓖麻油有着特殊的稳定性,在-18℃不凝固,在500~600℃高温下,不变质、不燃烧,成为航空、航天最重要的润滑油和汽车刹车油。

    第二、重要的化工原料:蓖麻油含有近90%的蓖麻酸,这一特性,使得蓖麻油,成为现代化工的重要原料。凡是用石油能够生产的化工产品,基本都可以用蓖麻油进行生产,很多用蓖麻油生产的产品,不能用石油来代替。蓖麻油的深加工产品,多达3000余种,尼龙11、癸二酸、12-羟基硬脂酸等,广泛应用于医药、航天、航空、军事、通讯、机械制造、精细化工等高新技术领域。

    第三、最有前景的生物能源:随着世界石油资源紧缺状况的不断加剧,蓖麻的能源化利用,越来越受到人们的关注。蓖麻具有单位面积产油量高、适应性广、不与粮棉争地等特点,蓖麻将是最有前景的生物能源。

    蓖麻主要生产国,是印度、中国、巴西,三国的产量,占世界总量的80%以上。全世界常年种植蓖麻300多万公顷,年产蓖麻籽150万吨左右,基本不能满足现有的加工需求。如果将来用于生物能源,蓖麻的需求量,将急剧扩大。

    80年代以前,蓖麻在中国的种植,非常普遍
    以往的常规品种,产量低、效益低、栽培规模过小,难以销售等原因,蓖麻,在很多地区被逐渐淘汰。90年代以来,随着杂交种的出现,蓖麻产量,大幅度提高,亩效益逐步提高到1000元左右。专家预测,蓖麻杂交种,将全面取代以往的常规种,蓖麻产业,将朝着良种化、规模化、高效化、产业化方面发展。

    蓖麻在中国的种植分布,没有明显划分。南起海南岛、北至黑龙江,均有栽培。蓖麻杂交种,具有耐旱、耐脊薄、耐盐碱、适应性强、管理简单、投入少、效益高等突出特点,无论是粮田,还是丘陵地、山坡地、盐碱地,乃至地头堰边、房前,屋后,都可以种植。

    汉语名称由谷歌自动翻译,特注

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    Castor (ricinus is communis, L.), is a Euphorbiaceae perennial woody herb, alias – kenaf, straw, flax, eight Asako, cattle grate and so on. Originating in Egypt, Ethiopia and India, and later spread to Brazil, Thailand, Argentina, the United States. Chinese cultivation of castor-oil plant, introduced from India about 1400 years of history.

    Very high value of the use of castor, castor oil can be pressed; castor leaves can sericulture; castor stalk system board and paper; castor root, stem and seeds can be used as medicine; Modern medical research shows – ricin important anti-cancer substances; castor meal rich in nutrition, is a quality organic fertilizer, after detoxification, is a high-protein feed.

    Castor bean oil content of about 50%, other oil crops and The role of castor oil, is mainly reflected in the following three aspects:

    First, senior oil: castor oil has a special stability at -18 ° C freezing, high temperature of 500 ~ 600 ℃, not bad, does not burn, as an aviation and the most important aerospace lubricants and automotive brake fluid.

    Secondly, an important chemical raw materials: Castor oil contains nearly 90% of ricinoleic acid, and this feature makes the castor oil, become an important raw material of the modern chemical industry. Any oil can produce chemical products, basic can with castor oil production, the product of castor oil production, can not use oil instead. Castor oil deep processing products, as many as 3,000 kinds of nylon 11, sebacic acid, 12 – hydroxy stearic acid, etc., are widely used in medicine, aerospace, aviation, military, telecommunications, machinery manufacturing, fine chemicals and other high-tech fields.

    Third, and most promising bio-energy: With the growing shortage of the world’s oil resources, castor the energy use, more and more attention. Ricin has a high oil yield per unit area, wide adaptability, not with the grain and cotton competing for the castor-oil plant will be the most promising bioenergy.

    Castor-producing countries, production in India, China, Brazil, three countries, accounting for more than 80 percent of the world’s total. Perennial planting castor over 300 million hectares of the world, with an annual output of castor beans about 1.5 million tons, basically can not meet the processing needs. If in the future for bio-energy, castor demand will rapidly expand.

    Before the 1980s, the cultivation of the castor-oil plant in China is very common
    Conventional varieties, low yields, low cost-effectiveness, the cultivation of the small scale, it is difficult to sales and other reasons, castor, be phased out in many areas. Since the 1990s, with the emergence of hybrid castor production, a substantial increase, Mu Xiaoyi gradually increased to about 1000 yuan. Experts predict that the castor hybrids will completely replace conventional castor industry will be towards the development of the seed, and large-scale, efficient, industrialization.

    Castor planting distribution in China, are not sharply separated. South from Hainan Island, north to Heilongjiang, are growing. Castor hybrids with drought resistance, a thin ridge, salinity, adaptable, simple to manage a small investment, the higher effectiveness of the prominent characteristics, whether it is grain, or hills, hillside, saline, and even the edge of the edge of a farm dam The front of the house, room, and can be planted.

    Chinese name automatically translated by Google, and special note

    蓖麻(Ricinus communis L.),屬大戟科多年生木質草本植物,別名-紅麻、草麻、八麻子、牛蓖等。原產於埃及、埃塞俄比亞和印度,後來,傳播到巴西、泰國、阿根廷、美國等地。中國栽培的蓖麻,由印度傳入,約1400多年曆史。

    蓖麻的利用價值非常高,蓖麻籽可以榨油;蓖麻葉可以養蠶;蓖麻莖稈可以製板和造紙;蓖麻根莖葉籽均可入藥;現代醫學研究表明-蓖麻毒素是重要的抗癌物質;蓖麻粕營養豐富,是優質有機肥,脫毒後,是一種高蛋白飼料。

    蓖麻籽含油量50%左右,是其它油料作物所不能及的。蓖麻油的作用,主要體現在以下三個方面:

    第一、高級潤滑油:蓖麻油有著特殊​​的穩定性,在-18℃不凝固,在500~600℃高溫下,不變質、不燃燒,成為航空、航天最重要的潤滑油和汽車剎車油。

    第二、重要的化工原料:蓖麻油含有近90%的蓖麻酸,這一特性,使得蓖麻油,成為現代化工的重要原料。凡是用石油能夠生產的化工產品,基本都可以用蓖麻油進行生產,很多用蓖麻油生產的產品,不能用石油來代替。蓖麻油的深加工產品,多達3000餘種,尼龍11、癸二酸、12-羥基硬脂酸等,廣泛應用於醫藥、航天、航空、軍事、通訊、機械製造、精細化工等高新技術領域。

    第三、最有前景的生物能源:隨著世界石油資源緊缺狀況的不斷加劇,蓖麻的能源化利用,越來越受到人們的關注。蓖麻具有單位面積產油量高、適應性廣、不與糧棉爭地等特點,蓖麻將是最有前景的生物能源。

    蓖麻主要生產國,是印度、中國、巴西,三國的產量,佔世界總量的80%以上。全世界常年種植蓖麻300多萬公頃,年產蓖麻籽150萬噸左右,基本不能滿足現有的加工需求。如果將來用於生物能源,蓖麻的需求量,將急劇擴大。

    80年代以前,蓖麻在中國的種植,非常普遍
    以往的常規品種,產量低、效益低、栽培規模過小,難以銷售等原因,蓖麻,在很多地區被逐漸淘汰。 90年代以來,隨著雜交種的出現,蓖麻產量,大幅度提高,畝效益逐步提高到1000元左右。專家預測,蓖麻雜交種,將全面取代以往的常規種,蓖麻產業,將朝著良種化、規模化、高效化、產業化方面發展。

    蓖麻在中國的種植分佈,沒有明顯劃分。南起海南島、北至黑龍江,均有栽培。蓖麻雜交種,具有耐旱、耐脊薄、耐鹽鹼、適應性強、管理簡單、投入少、效益高等突出特點,無論是糧田,還是丘陵地、山坡地、鹽鹼地,乃至地頭堰邊、房前,屋後,都可以種植。

    漢語名稱由谷歌自動翻譯,特注

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