中國城市群發展迅速增至23個

中國城市群發展迅速增至23個

中國城市群發展迅速增至23個

時間:2012-04-03 ,來源: 人民日報

對於“城市群”概念,國人並不陌生。而中國總共有多少“城市圈”?卻未必人人皆知,並且可能有多種答案。

  “十大城市群”。 5年前的2007年,國家發改委相關研究員在媒體撰文指出,“中國將形成十大城市群”,並預測若干年後,“中國五城市群可能進全球十強”。

  “23個城市群”。 5年後的今天,一份《 2010中國城市群發展報告》(中國科學院地理科學與資源研究所發布)指出,目前,中國正在形成23個城市群,其中,長江三角洲城市群已躋身於國際公認的6大世界級城市群。

從“十大”到“23個”,只用了5年時間。近年來中國“城市群”正呈現出迅速發展態勢。

  從“十大”到“23個”

2007年是“十一五”第二年,當時預想中的“十大城市群”,具體為“未來中國將形成十大城市群:京津冀、長三角、珠三角、山東半島、遼中南、中原、長江中游、海峽西岸、川渝和關中城市群。”

彼時,對“城市群”定性為:在特定的區域範圍內云集相當數量的不同性質、類型和等級規模的城市,以一個或兩個特大城市為中心,依託一定的自然環境和交通條件,城市之間的內在聯繫不斷加強,共同構成一個相對完整的城市“集合體”。

2012年是“十二五”第二年,《報告》中提到的“23個”城市群中,15個為達標城市群:長三角、珠三角、京津冀、山東半島、遼東半島、海峽西岸、長株潭、武漢、成渝、環鄱陽湖、中原、哈大長、江淮、關中、天山北坡城市群。 8個為非達標城市群:南北欽防、晉中、銀川平原、呼包鄂、酒嘉玉、蘭白西、黔中和滇中城市群。

《報告》還給出了對“城市群”達標與否的標準:“城市群內都市圈或大城市數量不少於3個,至少有1個特大或超大城市為核心”、“人口規模不低於2000萬人”、“城市化水平大於50%,非農產業產值比率超過70%”、“人均GDP超過3000美元,經濟密度大於500萬元人民幣/平方公里”等標準。

西部也成“城市群”重鎮
從知名度和影響力來看,諸城市群中,京津冀、長三角、珠三角“三個老大哥”最為人熟知。而環鄱陽湖、中原、江淮、長株潭、天山北坡等城市群,則於近年漸多受到關注。呼包​​鄂、南北欽防、銀川平原等西部或邊疆地區城市群也日益走進人們視野。

從地域來看,2007年的“十大”中,絕大多數位居東部。而2012年的“23個”中,東部只有6個,低於中部的7個,更低於西部的10個——南北欽防、關中、天山北坡、蘭白西、滇中、黔中、呼包鄂、銀川平原、酒嘉玉城市群等。

從經濟總量、發展階段及未來趨勢看,西部城市群發展遠落後於東部。東部的京津冀、長三角、珠三角“三大城市群”被認為將長期“主導中國經濟的發展”。

  “城市群”功能日漸清晰

“十一五”規劃明確提出,要把城市群作為推進城鎮化的主體形態;“十二五”規劃則強調,“科學規劃城市群內各城市功能定位和產業佈局”。

《報告》中明確梳理出各城市群發展方向和建設重點。如環鄱陽湖城市群,建成國家大湖流域綜合開發示範的生態型城市群;成渝城市群,是國家城鄉統籌綜合配套改革試驗區;海峽西岸城市群,則為國家服務祖國統一大業的海岸型城市群;天山北坡城市群,是中國面向中亞五國合作的陸橋型等。

此外,《報告》提出,經過10-20年建設,中國要將長三角、珠三角、京津冀分別建成國家綜合競爭力最強、亞太地區最具競爭活力、國家創新能力最強的世界級城市群。

中国城市群发展迅速增至23个

中国城市群发展迅速增至23个

时间:2012-04-03 ,来源: 人民日报

  对于“城市群”概念,国人并不陌生。而中国总共有多少“城市圈”?却未必人人皆知,并且可能有多种答案。

  “十大城市群”。5年前的2007年,国家发改委相关研究员在媒体撰文指出,“中国将形成十大城市群”,并预测若干年后,“中国五城市群可能进全球十强”。

  “23个城市群”。5年后的今天,一份《 2010中国城市群发展报告》(中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所发布)指出,目前,中国正在形成23个城市群,其中,长江三角洲城市群已跻身于国际公认的6大世界级城市群。

  从“十大”到“23个”,只用了5年时间。近年来中国“城市群”正呈现出迅速发展态势。

  从“十大”到“23个”

  2007年是“十一五”第二年,当时预想中的“十大城市群”,具体为“未来中国将形成十大城市群:京津冀、长三角、珠三角、山东半岛、辽中南、中原、长江中游、海峡西岸、川渝和关中城市群。”

  彼时,对“城市群”定性为:在特定的区域范围内云集相当数量的不同性质、类型和等级规模的城市,以一个或两个特大城市为中心,依托一定的自然环境和交通条件,城市之间的内在联系不断加强,共同构成一个相对完整的城市“集合体”。

  2012年是“十二五”第二年,《报告》中提到的“23个”城市群中,15个为达标城市群:长三角、珠三角、京津冀、山东半岛、辽东半岛、海峡西岸、长株潭、武汉、成渝、环鄱阳湖、中原、哈大长、江淮、关中、天山北坡城市群。8个为非达标城市群:南北钦防、晋中、银川平原、呼包鄂、酒嘉玉、兰白西、黔中和滇中城市群。

  《报告》还给出了对“城市群”达标与否的标准:“城市群内都市圈或大城市数量不少于3个,至少有1个特大或超大城市为核心”、“人口规模不低于2000万人”、“城市化水平大于50%,非农产业产值比率超过70%”、“人均GDP超过3000美元,经济密度大于500万元人民币/平方公里”等标准。

西部也成“城市群”重镇
  从知名度和影响力来看,诸城市群中,京津冀、长三角、珠三角“三个老大哥”最为人熟知。而环鄱阳湖、中原、江淮、长株潭、天山北坡等城市群,则于近年渐多受到关注。呼包鄂、南北钦防、银川平原等西部或边疆地区城市群也日益走进人们视野。

  从地域来看,2007年的“十大”中,绝大多数位居东部。而2012年的“23个”中,东部只有6个,低于中部的7个,更低于西部的10个——南北钦防、关中、天山北坡、兰白西、滇中、黔中、呼包鄂、银川平原、酒嘉玉城市群等。

  从经济总量、发展阶段及未来趋势看,西部城市群发展远落后于东部。东部的京津冀、长三角、珠三角“三大城市群”被认为将长期“主导中国经济的发展”。

  “城市群”功能日渐清晰

  “十一五”规划明确提出,要把城市群作为推进城镇化的主体形态;“十二五”规划则强调,“科学规划城市群内各城市功能定位和产业布局”。

  《报告》中明确梳理出各城市群发展方向和建设重点。如环鄱阳湖城市群,建成国家大湖流域综合开发示范的生态型城市群;成渝城市群,是国家城乡统筹综合配套改革试验区;海峡西岸城市群,则为国家服务祖国统一大业的海岸型城市群;天山北坡城市群,是中国面向中亚五国合作的陆桥型等。

  此外,《报告》提出,经过10-20年建设,中国要将长三角、珠三角、京津冀分别建成国家综合竞争力最强、亚太地区最具竞争活力、国家创新能力最强的世界级城市群。

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Urban Agglomerations in China has developed rapidly increased to 23

Urban Agglomerations in China has developed rapidly increased to 23

Time :2012-04-03 Source: People’s Daily

, People are no stranger to the concept of “urban agglomerations”. Total the number of “city circle”? But not necessarily well known, and there may be multiple answers were possible.

10 urban agglomerations. Five years ago, 2007, the National Development and Reform Commission researcher in the media, the author pointed out that “China will form a ten urban agglomerations, and predict a few years later, China’s five urban agglomerations into the global top ten.

23 urban agglomerations. Today, five years after a 2010 urban agglomerations Development Report (Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research published) pointed out that China is the formation of the 23 urban agglomerations, which the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration has been among the international 6 World-class city recognized group.

From the “Top Ten” to “23”, only five years. In recent years, China’s “urban agglomerations” are showing a trend of rapid development.

From the “top ten” to “23”

2007 is the “Eleventh Five-second year, was expected the 10 urban agglomerations, specifically for the future, China will form the top 10 urban agglomerations: Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, Shandong Peninsula, south Liaoning , Central Plains, the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, the west side, Sichuan, Chongqing and off in the urban group.

Time, characterized as “urban agglomerations” gathered a considerable number of different nature: in the specific area within the city of the type and grade of the scale to one or two mega-cities as the center, relying on the natural environment and traffic conditions, The intrinsic link between the city continue to strengthen, together constitute a complete city, “aggregates”.

2012 is the “12th Five-second year,” the report mentioned in the 23 urban agglomerations in the group of 15 standard city: the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Shandong Peninsula, Liaodong Peninsula, the west side of Changsha, Zhuzhou, Wuhan, Chengdu and Chongqing, Poyang Lake, the Central Plains, ha long, JAC, off northern slope of Tianshan urban agglomerations. 8 for non-compliance City Group: South and North Chin anti Jinzhong, Yinchuan Plain, Hubao urban agglomeration of Hubei, wine Jiayu, blue white west, Guizhou and central Yunnan.

“Report” also gives the standard or not standard “urban agglomerations”: the number of metropolitan area or metropolitan urban agglomerations at least three, at least there are a large or mega-cities as the core “, the size of the population less than 20 million people, the level of urbanization is greater than 50%, non-agricultural industrial output value ratio over 70%, the per capita GDP exceeded 3,000 U.S. dollars, the economic density of greater than 5 million yuan / km “standard.

The western into the center of the “urban agglomerations”
The Zhucheng group from the visibility and influence, Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, “three big brother” the most well known. The urban agglomeration of Poyang Lake, the Central Plains, JAC, Tan, Tianshan Mountains, in recent years an increasing attention. Hubao Hubei, north and south Chin-defense, Yinchuan Plain, western or frontier city group also increasingly into the horizon.

From the geographical point of view, the “Top Ten” in 2007, the vast majority among the eastern part. 2012 “23”, the eastern is only 6 lower than the middle of seven, even lower than the west of 10 – north and south Chin anti, off the northern slope of Tianshan, blue white West, central Yunnan, Guizhou , Hubei, Yinchuan Plain, wine Jiayu urban agglomerations such as Hubao.

From the total economy, stage of development and future trends in the western city group development is far behind the east. Eastern part of Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta “three urban agglomerations are considered long-term leading China’s economic development.”

“Urban agglomerations” function is increasingly clear

“Eleventh Five-Year Plan” made it clear that should the city group as the main form of promoting urbanization; “12th Five-Year Plan stressed the scientific planning and urban agglomeration of urban functions to locate and industrial layout”.

“Report” clearly tease out the urban agglomeration in the direction of development and construction priorities. Built eco-city group of the Great Lakes Basin development, demonstration, such as Poyang Lake City group; Chengdu-Chongqing Urban Agglomeration is a national urban and rural reform pilot area; the west side of urban agglomerations, compared to the national service coast of the reunification of the motherland. urban agglomerations; urban agglomeration of the Tianshan Mountains, China-oriented land bridge type for the five Central Asian countries.

In addition, the report suggested that after 10-20 years of construction, the Chinese want to Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, Beijing, Tianjin, respectively, the completion of comprehensive national competitiveness of the strongest, the most competitive dynamic of the Asia-Pacific region, the countries most innovative world-class urban agglomerations.

《中國城市群發展迅速增至23個》有一个想法

  1. 美联储主席伯南克日前暗示,尽管美国经济状况有所改善,但是,面临就业、楼市等挑战,美国将不排除启动第三轮量化宽松政策。此番表态一出,立即引发全球各大经济体的广泛关注。
    第三轮量化宽松为时不远?

      作为全球最大经济体的央行掌门人,伯南克每一次发言,都会被市场解读为美国经济政策的风向标,一向口风甚严的伯南克,近日,频频暗示或将推出QE3(第三轮量化宽松政策)。

    继3月26日公开表示,如要创造足够就业机会、进一步缓和失业问题,可能得要生产连同消费者与企业需求更迅速地扩张,这个过程,可由持续性的宽松政策支撑,

    3月27日,伯南克在接受美国广播公司采访时再次强调,现在,宣称复苏取得胜利为时过早,基于当前美国经济形势,美联储不排除任何进一步支持经济的可能性。

      分析人士认为,伯南克的一系列言论,被市场解读为-第三轮量化宽松可能为时不远了。

      即将公布的3月份美国经济数据,对是否实施新一轮量化宽松政策更为关键。高盛经济学家Tilton认为,美联储仍有可能在4月底,召开的货币政策会议上,宣布宽松措施。

      「从伯南克的理论逻辑判断,推出QE3的预期,大幅增加。」在政策动向上,美联储将低利率时间延长到2014年,美国国债继续承压并第二次提高国债上限等,在很大程度上,都要靠宽松的货币,来支持;再加上美国经济增长预期调低,使得总体上,美国对自己经济信心下降。欧债危机难以化解,因此,美国最有效的办法,还是量化宽松。

    开动印钞机,输出通胀

    美国或将实施新一轮量化宽松政策

    美联储并不是一个简单的中央银行,它和其他许多银行不一样,因为,美联储他们是创造了美元,美元是世界上的储备货币,在世界经济中,得到了广泛的使用。美国的量化宽松,势必会使资金流向其他新兴经济体,从而使得这些国家控制通胀难度加大。

      事实上,量化宽松货币政策的实质,是向市场注入超额资金,旨在降低市场利率,刺激经济增长。美元是当今世界的核心货币,但是,发行权却掌握在美国手中,美联储可以不受任何约束,无限制发行美元。尤其是金融危机爆发后,美国加大马力,开动印钞机,连续推出两轮量化宽松政策,将过多的美元,输出到全世界,将美元贬值的压力,不断转嫁给其他国家,尤其是中国等新兴经济体。

      量化宽松在引起美元贬值的同时,会引起人民币持续升值,进而对中国的就业、出口等,将产生更多不利影响。将会进一步推高原油等大宗商品的价格,进而对中国造成输入型通胀压力。实际上,2009年,美国实行量化宽松政策就导致黄金价格屡创新高,石油、铁矿石、粮食等大宗商品价格,涨幅超过20%。

    第一任共和党总统-林肯

    里根提倡对百万富翁加税-共和党人最推崇的前总统之一-里根

    奥巴马力推的,对医保、教育、交通等方面的投资,有“历史根据”,奥巴马先后列举了7位美国前总统的政策,他们分别是:林肯、约翰逊、富兰克林·罗斯福、艾森豪威尔、尼克松、里根以及小布什。

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    Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke has hinted that the U.S. economy has improved, however, faced with challenges such as employment, property, and the United States will not rule out the possibility to start the third round of quantitative easing policy. The comments follow an immediately triggered widespread concern of the world’s major economies.
    The third round of quantitative easing, not far off?

    As the world’s largest economy, the central bank head Ben Bernanke every time to speak, will be interpreted as the benchmark of U.S. economic policy has always been very strict lipped Bernanke, recently, frequently implied or will launch QE3 (the third round of quantitative easing).

    Following the March 26, publicly stated that to create enough employment opportunities, to further ease the problem of unemployment, may have to be produced together with the consumers and businesses demand more rapid expansion, this process can be sustained easing of support,

    March 27, Bernanke once again stressed in an interview with ABC, claimed recovery of victory too early, based on the current U.S. economic situation, the Fed does not rule out the possibility of any further support economic.

    Analysts believe that a series of Bernanke’s remarks, interpreted as the market – the third round of quantitative easing may be far off.

    The upcoming U.S. economic data in March on whether to implement a new round of quantitative easing policy even more critical. Tilton of Goldman Sachs economists believe that the Fed is still possible at the end of April, the monetary policy meeting held to announce easing measures.

    Bernanke’s theory of logical judgment, the introduction of QE3 expected to increase substantially. “On the policies and activities, the Fed will extend the time of low interest rates in 2014, the U.S. Treasury bonds remain under pressure and increases the national debt ceiling of a very large extent, have to rely on loose monetary, to support; coupled with U.S. economic growth is expected to lower, making the overall decline in the United States on their own confidence in the economy. The debt crisis in Europe is difficult to resolve, therefore, the most effective way in the United States, or quantitative easing.

    Running the printing presses, the output inflation

    United States or will launch a new round of quantitative easing policy

    The Federal Reserve is not a simple central banks, and many other banks are not the same, because the Fed created a dollar, the dollar is the world’s reserve currency in the world economy, has been widely used. U.S. quantitative easing is bound to make capital flows to other emerging economies, which makes these countries more difficult to control inflation.

    In fact, the quantitative easing of monetary policy in real terms, is to inject excess funds to the market, designed to reduce market interest rates to stimulate economic growth. U.S. dollars in today’s world currency, however, the distribution rights lies in the hands of the United States, the Federal Reserve without any constraints, unlimited issue of U.S.. Especially after the outbreak of the financial crisis, the United States to increase horsepower running the printing presses, continuous introduction of two quantitative easing policy, the excess dollars, the output to the world, the pressure on the dollar, continue to be passed on to the other countries, especially China and other emerging economies.

    Quantitative easing in the cause depreciation of the dollar at the same time, it will cause the continuous appreciation of Renminbi, and thus on employment, exports, will produce more adverse effects. Will further push the plateau oil commodity prices, and thus caused the pressure of imported inflation. In fact, in 2009, the United States to implement quantitative easing policy has led to record high price of gold, oil, iron ore, grain and other commodity prices rose more than 20%.

    The first Republican president – Lincoln

    Reagan advocated on millionaire tax increases – Republicans the most respected former presidents – Ronald Reagan

    Obama pushing investments in health care, education, transportation and other aspects of “historical basis”, Obama has cited seven former U.S. president’s policies, they are: Lincoln, Johnson, Franklin Roosevelt, Dwight D. Eisenhower Nixon, Reagan and George W. Bush.

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