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金发碧眼的西方女人亿万富豪帝国Inc.Of美国
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金发碧眼的西方人亿万富翁帝国Inc.Of美利坚合众国
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金發碧眼的億萬富翁帝國Inc.Of美國
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金發碧眼的億萬富翁帝國Inc.Of美利堅合眾國
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中华民族华裔,华人,华侨,华族后裔(陈氏家族)社交圈;

金發碧眼的西方女人億萬富豪帝國Inc.Of美國
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(美國)金發西方女士億萬富豪帝國公司
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金發碧眼的西方人億萬富翁帝國Inc.Of美利堅合眾國
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Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.Of 美国
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
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QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com

Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.Of 美利坚合众国
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
(美利坚合众国)Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com

金发碧眼的西方女人亿万富豪帝国Inc.Of美国
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(美国)金发西方女士亿万富豪帝国公司
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金发碧眼的西方人亿万富翁帝国Inc.Of美利坚合众国
QQ:1779642876
电子邮箱:1779642876@qq.com
(美利坚合众国)金发西方人亿万富翁帝国公司
QQ:1779642876
电子邮箱:1779642876@qq.com

金發碧眼的億萬富翁帝國Inc.Of美國
QQ:1779642876
電子郵箱:1779642876@qq.com
(美國)金發億萬富翁帝國公司
QQ:1779642876
電子郵箱:1779642876@qq.com

金發碧眼的億萬富翁帝國Inc.Of美利堅合眾國
QQ:1779642876
電子郵箱:1779642876@qq.com
(美利堅合眾國)金發億萬富翁帝國公司
QQ:1779642876
電子郵箱:1779642876@qq.com

Blonde, Billionaires Empire Inc.Of U.S.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
(United States) Blonde, Billionaires Empire is Inc..
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com

The Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.Of the United States of America
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com
(United States) Blonde, Billionaires Empire is Inc.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com

30 person

王晔 30岁

涂鸦移动 CEO(原创新工场联合创始人)。27岁,成为Google大中华区总裁特别助理;28岁,成为创新工场联合创始人。在孵化点心、豌豆夹等项目获得融资后,王晔看准了移动互联网的巨大商机,果断成立了涂鸦移动。目前,涂鸦移动共拥有1亿用户,在Android市场上,Top 50游戏中,平均有5款游戏,是涂鸦移动推出的,更值得一提的是,旗下Zombie Dash,曾连续占居Android全球市场第一名,达数周。

许涛芳 29岁

上海添香实业有限公司CEO。高中起,留学新加坡,攻读工商管理专业。在新加坡生活期间,她发现:防辐射孕妇装在当地市场受到广泛欢迎。回国后,许涛芳开创了“添香”防辐射品牌,6年间,“添香”几乎垄断中国防辐射服装的市场,“添香”品牌,已成为防辐射服市场上的“龙头”。许涛芳曾获得“2007年度-上海市十大青年经济人物”;2011.’中国商界女性精英价值榜年度新锐人物。 

徐瑞明 24岁

机客网董事长。2007年,他与沈洁伟、吴高远,共同筹备创建了159.com,一家专注于经营“全平台”手机应用商店的无线互联网企业。2010年,机客网获得深圳达晨、华貅资本及中润涌信的投资,公司今年业绩,预计同比去年,增长率将超过300%,目前,机客公司已经展开第二轮融资,预计将在2012年底,或2013年,申报中国创业版上市.

杨明平 29岁

职位:超级课堂联合创始人。杨明平的第一次创业,是大学三年级时,经营出一家年收入200万的火锅店。2008 年,杨明平创立超级课堂,为中,小学学生,提供影像大片式网络互动学习课程。杨明平的目标,是打造线上,线下结合的优化学习体验的教育科技公司。超级课堂,目前单月的销售额超过200 万人民币,预计2012 年,销售规模在3,500 万人民币,年复合增长速度,超过280%。

姚剑军 29岁

厦门享联科技有限公司创始人。中专学历,原中国站长站(现名为:站长之家CHINAZ)、CNZZ创始人。中国站长站是一个服务于中国百万站长的网站,为中国的草根站长与中,小互联网创业者,提供了很大的帮助。公司现有-包括中国站长站在内的多个网站。2011年,网站数据服务公司“CNZZ”,出售给了阿里巴巴云计算公司。

赵伟 30岁

北京知道创宇信息技术有限公司董事长。2003 年,赵伟进入国内网络安全企业启明星辰;2005 年底,加盟美国网络软件公司McAfee;2007 年8月,创立知道创宇。知道创宇专注于提供Web 安全解决方案,目前,是微软在中国惟一的安全服务提供商。赵伟曾给微软、阿里巴巴、腾讯等企业做过安全培训,他希望:自己能改变世界对中国网络安全的印象。

袁旭 27岁

四川迅游网络科技有限公司创始人。14岁,就建立了个人网页,并开始创业。就读北京大学计算机系,之后一年,休学,再次创业,自主研发了“迅游游戏加速器”,三年时间,造就-如今,市场占有率第一的迅游加速品牌。截至2011年底,迅游已经拥有6,000万注册用户,支持3,000余款网游的加速。

张元刚 30岁

上海泽阳信息科技有限公司创始人。2005年,23岁的张元刚,创立了上海泽阳信息科技有限公司,并担任CEO,至今,从刚开始的餐饮软件提供商,转变为基于软件服务的一站式解决方案供应商。2009年,泽阳信息成为微软大中华区唯一的嵌入式合作伙伴企业。2010年,开始中国首个智慧社区“碧云智慧社区”的规划和建设。同年12月,成为国家级智慧社区解决方案提供商。

汪峰 30岁

LuxSea Boutiques 创始人。毕业于美国加州圣荷西州立大学,就读大学时期,初次接触电子商务,成立GreatDogStore,大学毕业后,加入摩根大通银行。2009年,获中欧MBA学位后,合伙创业;2010年底,全权接手公司成立LuxSea Boutiques,其理念是:线上,线下相结合,为中国女性带来国际一线女星及名媛使用的设计师品牌。在全球范围内,拥有至少200个经销网点。

周翔 29岁
上海信行软件创始人。曾为微软合作伙伴提供技术咨询顾问服务多年,创业前,最后一份工作,是在Capgemini Consulting担任部门经理,以及软件高级构架师。2006年,注册了上海信行软件;2011年起,开始正式经营,致力于移动电子商务领域的创新,公司的核心业务,是Kancart移动电商平台。

陈贇中,22岁,男,沪籍,1.85米

(美利坚合众国) Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc. – (篮球比赛解说事业,篮球比赛翻译事业,吉他弹奏表演事业,英语歌曲演唱事业,舞台表演事业,英语电影(美剧)评论事业)文化体育事业部部长;2012年起,…

30 person

王曄 30歲

塗鴉移動CEO(原創新工場聯合創始人)。 27歲,成為Google大中華區總裁特別助理;28歲,成為創新工場聯合創始人。在孵化點心、豌豆夾等項目獲得融資後,王曄看準了移動互聯網的巨大商機,果斷成立了塗鴉移動。目前,塗鴉移動共擁有1億用戶,在Android市場上,Top 50遊戲中,平均有5款遊戲,是塗鴉移動推出的,更值得一提的是,旗下Zombie Dash,曾連續佔居Android全球市場第一名,達數週。

許濤芳 29歲

上海添香實業有限公司CEO。高中起,留學新加坡,攻讀工商管理專業。在新加坡生活期間,她發現:防輻射孕婦裝在當地市場受到廣泛歡迎。回國後,許濤芳開創了“添香”防輻射品牌,6年間,“添香”幾乎壟斷中國防輻射服裝的市場,“添香”品牌,已成為防輻射服市場上的“龍頭”。許濤芳曾獲得“2007年度-上海市十大青年經濟人物”;2011.’中國商界女性精英價值榜年度新銳人物。 

徐瑞明 24歲

機客網董事長。 2007年,他與沈潔偉、吳高遠,共同籌備創建了159.com,一家專注於經營“全平台”手機應用商店的無線互聯網企業。 2010年,機客網獲得深圳達晨、華貅資本及中潤湧信的投資,公司今年業績,預計同比去年,增長率將超過300%,目前,機客公司已經展開第二輪融資,預計將在2012年底,或2013年,申報中國創業版上市.

楊明平 29歲

職位:超級課堂聯合創始人。楊明平的第一次創業,是大學三年級時,經營出一家年收入200萬的火鍋店。 2008 年,楊明平創立超級課堂,為中,小學學生,提供影像大片式網絡互動學習課程。楊明平的目標,是打造線上,線下結合的優化學習體驗的教育科技公司。超級課堂,目前單月的銷售額超過200 萬人民幣,預計2012 年,銷售規模在3,​​500 萬人民幣,年復合增長速度,超過280%。

姚劍軍 29歲

廈門享聯科技有限公司創始人。中專學歷,原中國站長站(現名為:站長之家CHINAZ)、CNZZ創始人。中國站長站是一個服務於中國百萬站長的網站,為中國的草根站長與中,小互聯網創業者,提供了很大的幫助。公司現有-包括中國站長站在內的多個網站。 2011年,網站數據服務公司“CNZZ”,出售給了阿里巴巴雲計算公司。

趙偉 30歲

北京知道創宇信息技術有限公司董事長。 2003 年,趙偉進入國內網絡安全企業啟明星辰;2005 年底,加盟美國網絡軟件公司McAfee;2007 年8月,創立知道創宇。知道創宇專注於提供Web 安全解決方案,目前,是微軟在中國惟一的安全服務提供商。趙偉曾給微軟、阿里巴巴、騰訊等企業做過安全培訓,他希望:自己能改變世界對中國網絡安全的印象。

袁旭 27歲

四川迅遊網絡科技有限公司創始人。 14歲,就建立了個人網頁,並開始創業。就讀北京大學計算機系,之後一年,休學,再次創業,自主研發了“迅遊遊戲加速器”,三年時間,造就-如今,市場佔有率第一的迅遊加速品牌。截至2011年底,迅遊已經擁有6,000萬註冊用戶,支持3,000餘款網游的加速。

張元剛 30歲

上海澤陽信息科技有限公司創始人。 2005年,23歲的張元剛,創立了上海澤陽信息科技有限公司,並擔任CEO,至今,從剛開始的餐飲軟件提供商,轉變為基於軟件服務的一站式解決方案供應商。 2009年,澤陽信息成為微軟大中華區唯一的嵌入式合作夥伴企業。 2010年,開始中國首個智慧社區“碧雲智慧社區”的規劃和建設。同年12月,成為國家級智慧社區解決方案提供商。

汪峰 30歲

LuxSea Boutiques 創始人。畢業於美國加州聖荷西州立大學,就讀大學時期,初次接觸電子商務,成立GreatDogSt​​ore,大學畢業後,加入摩根大通銀行。 2009年,獲中歐MBA學位後,合夥創業;2010年底,全權接手公司成立LuxSea Boutiques,其理念是:線上,線下相結合,為中國女性帶來國際一線女星及名媛使用的設計師品牌。在全球範圍內,擁有至少200個經銷網點。

周翔 29歲
上海信行軟件創始人。曾為微軟合作夥伴提供技術諮詢顧問服務多年,創業前,最後一份工作,是在Capgemini Consulting擔任部門經理,以及軟件高級構架師。 2006年,註冊了上海信行軟件;2011年起,開始正式經營,致力於移動電子商務領域的創新,公司的核心業務,是Kancart移動電商平台。

陳贇中,22歲,男,滬籍,1.85米

(美利堅合眾國) Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc. – (籃球比賽解說事業,籃球比賽翻譯事業,吉他彈奏表演事業,英語歌曲演唱事業,舞台表演事業,英語電影(美劇)評論事業)文化體育事業部部長; 2012年起,…

30 person Show

Wang Ye, 30 years old

Graffiti mobile CEO (original workshop, co-founder). 27-year-old special assistant to the president of Google Greater China; 28-year-old co-founder of Innovation Works. After incubation snacks, peas folder, and other projects to obtain financing, Wang Ye spotted the huge business opportunities for mobile Internet, and decisive set up a graffiti move. , Graffiti movement has a total of 100 million users in the Android market, the Top 50 games, an average of 5 games, graffiti Mobile launched, but is worth mentioning that, of its Zombie Dash, continuous occupy Android global market first, up to several weeks.

Xu Taofang 29 years old

Shanghai Tian Xiang Industries Co., Ltd. CEO. High school, to study in Singapore, studying Business Administration. While living in Singapore, she found: radiation maternity dress in the local market has been widely welcomed. After returning home, Xu Taofang pioneered Tian Xiang radiation brand six years, “Tian Xiang” almost a monopoly of radiation protection clothing market in China, “Tian Hong” brand has become a “leading” in the radiation suit on the market. Xutao Fang won the 2007 – Shanghai Top Ten Youth People “; 2011. ‘Elite value of the Chinese women in business list annual cutting-edge character.

Xu Ruiming 24-year-old

Machine off the network chairman. In 2007, he and Shen Jie Wei, Wu lofty, prepared jointly created 159.com, a focus on management “platform” of mobile phone application store wireless Internet companies. In 2010, the machine off network access to Shenzhen Fortune, the capital of China Xiu Yun Chung letter investment, the company this year is expected year on year growth of more than 300%, at present, the machine off companies have already started the second round of financing, is expected to at the end of 2012, or 2013, the declaration of the GEM Listing.

Yangming Ping 29-year-old

Position: co-founder of the super class. The Yangming Ping’s first venture, the third year at university, operating out of an annual income of 200 million hot pot restaurant. In 2008, Yangming Ping the creation of super-class image large areas of network interactive learning courses for primary and secondary students. The Yangming Ping goal is to create online education technology companies combined to optimize the learning experience in the line. Super-class, single-month sales of more than 2 million yuan, is expected in 2012, the sales volume of 3,500 million yuan, the annual compound growth rate of over 280%.

Yao Jianjun 29 years old

Founder of Xiamen enjoy. Secondary education, the master station (now known as: owners of the home CHINAZ), CNZZ founder. The master station is a service in China one million owners of the site, grassroots webmaster, Internet entrepreneurs, and provides a great help. The company’s existing – including multiple sites within the standing of the Chinese owners. 2011, the site data services company ‘CNZZ “, sold to Alibaba cloud computing company.

Zhao Wei, 30 years old

Beijing knows that the chairman of the Chong Yu IT Limited. In 2003, Zhao Wei to enter the domestic network security company Venus; the end of 2005, joined the network software company the McAfee; in August 2007, the creation of know that Chong Yu. Know record Yu is focused on providing Web security solutions, at present, only Microsoft security service provider. Zhao gave Microsoft, Alibaba, Tencent had safety training, he hopes: change the world’s impression of China’s network security.

Yuan Xu, 27-year-old

Sichuan Xun Yu Network Technology Co., Ltd. founder. 14 years old, on the establishment of personal web pages, and start a business. Attending the Department of Computer Science, Peking University, one year after the suspension, to start again, independently developed a “fast travel game accelerator, and three years’ time, creating – Today, the market share in the fast swim acceleration brands. As of the end of 2011, fast travel has 60 million registered users, to support the acceleration of the balance of 3,000 online.

Zhang Yuangang 30 years old

Heyzer the yang Information Technology Co., Ltd. founder. In 2005, the 23-year-old Zhang Yuangang founded Heyzer Yang Information Technology Co., Ltd., and served as CEO, so far, catering software provider from the beginning, into a one-stop solution for software services-based suppliers. In 2009, Ze Yang Information has become the only embedded partner companies in the Microsoft Greater China Region. 2010, began the planning and construction of China’s first smart community “Green smart community”. In December, a national smart community solutions provider.

Wang Feng, 30 years old

LuxSea Boutiques founder. He graduated from the United States, California San Jose State University, attending college, the initial contact with e-commerce, the establishment of GreatDogStore, after graduating from college, joined the JP Morgan Chase Bank. 2009 by the CEIBS MBA degree, the Business Partnership; the end of 2010, solely to take over the company established LuxSea Boutiques concept: online and offline phasor combination of international first-tier actress and socialite designer for the Chinese women brand. Worldwide, with at least 200 retail outlets.

29-year-old Zhou Xiang
Nobuyuki software founder. Who have Microsoft partners to provide technical consulting services for many years, the business before the last job, as a department manager at Capgemini, Consulting, and software architect. 2006, registered the the Nobuyuki software; began operations in 2011, is committed to innovation in the field of mobile e-commerce, the company’s core business is Kancart mobile electronic business platform.

Chen Yun, the 22-year-old, male, Shanghai Ji, 1.85 m

Billionaires the Empire (United States) Blonde, Inc. – (basketball game and explains the cause of the basketball game translation career, guitarist performing careers, English songs singing career, the cause of theatrical performances, English movies (drama) Comments career), cultural and sports undertakings Minister; 2012, …

《金發碧眼的西方女人億萬富豪帝國Inc.Of美國》有2个想法

  1. 新华社文:在科学发展实践中实现上海新跨越–来自浦江两岸报告( 2012年4月1日 )

    上海在变。
      这个开埠160多年、以引领潮流著称的城市,几经变迁。

      在改革发展的新时代,又一轮有如脱胎换骨般的巨变,引人注目——

      继4年前告别延续16年的两位数增长后,去年,上海GDP增速仅8.2%,在全国排名倒数第二——上海变“慢”了。

      “上海制造”的“老大”地位正被“上海服务”所取代,第三产业就业逾50%,增加值占经济总量近60%,贡献的地方财政收入超70%——上海变“轻”了。

      每平方公里工业土地上,2005年产出49亿元;2011年,同样的土地,抠出60多亿元。经济质量和效益不断攀升——上海变“活”了。

      速度、结构、效益之变,源于上海正在开启的“创新驱动、转型发展”新篇,折射出上海努力寻求发展新优势、提升全球竞争力的雄心壮志。

      “科学发展决定着上海在全国的地位和作用,决定着上海人民的生活安康,决定着上海的未来。我们应该用破釜沉舟、义无反顾的决心和勇气顽强推进。”中共中央政治局委员、上海市委书记俞正声说。

      在世情国情和自身发展阶段的交汇点上,

      上海——选择转型

      尽管还是初春,位于长江口的横沙岛已是泥融飞燕,沙暖翔鸥。这个通江达海的河口冲积岛,被联合国官员誉为罕见的城市发展空间。若是上马大进大出的重化工业,条件极为优越,经济体量可以迅速做大。但,至今它仍是一片处女地。

      面积不过6000多平方公里、人口密度已达3631人/平方公里的上海,难道不缺地?

      2011年,上海信贷增速比全国低5.4个百分点。即便是国家投入4万亿元应对危机的2009年,上海的信贷规模也没有明显增大,增速更是低于全国10个点以上。

      万商云集、通联内外的上海,难道不缺钱?

      土地与资金,是投资驱动型经济最不可或缺的要素。对此“利器”,上海为何守而不用,主动调低经济增速?

      不知近水花先发,疑是经冬雪未消。

      历30余年快速发展,经济总量以1.9万亿元居世界大城市第11位的上海,在率先发展中,也最先遇到资源环境瓶颈、体制机制障碍、社会矛盾凸显等一系列难题。

      土地越来越稀缺。上海建设用地占比已高达42%,而世界主要城市一般30%。再铺摊子,城市难以宜居,也难以为继。

      投入产出效益逐年下降。每新增1亿元投资所增加的GDP,从“十五”的4.3亿元下降到“十一五”的3.2亿元。随着大规模城市基建告一段落,上海大建设、大投入的年代,一去不复返。

      环境承载极限日益逼近。这两年,即使投资几近零增长,年投资额仍达5000余亿元,高强度投资加剧环境压力。而要完成单产能耗五年下降15%的目标,不调结构,已无它途。

      上海的经济发展到了一个转折点。“约束条件越来越突出。”在上海市政府发展研究中心主任周振华看来,这是上海在新起点上呈现的阶段性特征。

      自身发展的内在矛盾日趋凸显,金融危机后外部经济环境愈加复杂多变。多重挑战下,上海该选择怎样的发展路径?

      “绝不能以牺牲环境和资源为代价求得快速发展,绝不能以积累社会矛盾为代价求得快速发展,绝不能以增加历史欠账为代价求得快速发展!”——面对深刻变化的世情国情,审视自身的发展阶段,上海凝聚起清醒的科学发展共识。

      这份共识,源于对中央决策和国家战略的积极践行——

      从中国国情和上海实际出发,党中央、国务院高瞻远瞩地指出,上海要率先转变发展方式,率先提高自主创新能力,率先推进改革开放,率先构建社会主义和谐社会,当好推动科学发展、促进社会和谐的排头兵。

      这份共识,源于对自身发展阶段的深刻认识——

      上海市委副秘书长、研究室主任王战清楚地记得,在上海市第九次党代会上,市委明确提出,上海发展到现阶段,必须更加注重提高发展质量,更加注重优化发展途径,更加注重丰富发展内涵,更加注重增强发展动力。要痛下决心,推进经济结构战略性调整,形成以“服务经济为主”的结构。

      这份共识,指引出一条更加清晰的发展路径——

      2010年,世博会还在举办之时,一场关于发展路径的谋划同步推进。在世博闭幕后第八天,上海市委九届十三次全会召开,“创新驱动、转型发展”的思路确立:不受旧有路径束缚,在深化结构中促转型;不为任何风险所惧,在改革创新中促转型;不为任何干扰所惑,在扩大开放中促转型;着力促进人的全面发展,在改善民生中促转型。

      “创新驱动、转型发展的道路,充满各种风险挑战,是上海必须面对的又一个历史性考验。”上海市委副书记、市长韩正说,“上海必须做先行者。”

      想率先、敢率先、能率先,坚定、清醒、敢于作为。瞄准转型目标的上海,毅然出发。

    中国上海普陀区棚户区(现在早已不叫贫民窟)居民-中兴村(岚皋西路)居民王爷爷恭贺

      在取与舍、转与变的创新实践中,

      上海——加快转型

      “从2011年起,上海已进入全面转型的新阶段。”周振华判断,“一些可喜的迹象已经显现。”

      这是彰显质量效益和结构优化导向的转型——

      在上海的时尚地标新天地周边,有一幢叫“企业天地”的办公楼宇,建筑空间不过7万多平方米,每年创造的税收高达22亿元。如此高含金量的产出,靠什么?

      “靠的是对索尼中国、普华永道等高端服务企业的吸引。”谈起现代服务业的集聚,黄浦区区长周伟如数家珍。在黄浦,税收过亿元的楼宇有45幢,税收过亿元的企业有62家。

      传统产业的蜕变更显出转型活力。纺织,曾是上海的母亲工业,而今变身科技与时尚结合的现代产业。“80%以上的收入来自设计营销等现代服务业,制造业中80%以上是高技术含量的产业用纺织品。”上海纺织集团董事长席时平说,“传统纺织概念早已被创新。”

      效益体现在经济增速放缓之时。2011年,上海以占全国0.07%的土地、1.7%的固定资产投资,贡献了全国逾7%的财政收入;地方财政收入增长20%,失业率没上升,城乡居民家庭收入扣除物价因素后高于经济增幅。

      这是彰显环境保护和宜居导向的转型——

      “说是‘大上海’,其实在国内四大直辖市中面积最小。含崇明岛在内,连北京的一半都不到。”上海市社科院常务副院长左学金指出。

      正是看到了这种窘迫性,上海在环保方面实行“刚性指标、铁的纪律”。“十一五”期间,全市化学需氧量和二氧化硫排放量分别削减27.7%和30.2%,双双居全国前列。2011年,国家对污染物减排指标增至四项,上海自我加压,再增加控制总磷和挥发性有机物两项指标。

      “今年,上海启动第五轮环保三年行动计划,将PM2.5防治列入重要议事日程。”上海市环保局局长张全说,通过加大产业布局和结构调整力度,上海正由“末端治理”转向“源头控制”,来实现环境改善。

      这是彰显民生优先导向的转型——

      今年4月1日起,上海市城乡居民低保标准分别调整为每人每月570元和430元。这是1993年上海建立低保制度以来,调整金额最多的一次。

      同日起,上海的最低工资标准也从1280元调整为1450元。“从扣除社保后的净收入角度讲,这个水平全国最高。”上海市人社局局长周海洋说。

      目前,上海的廉租房已基本实现“应保尽保”,经济适用房连续3次放宽准入标准,已覆盖家庭人均收入5000元以下的范围;公租房试点项目也已启动,还有800万平方米的旧区改造加紧推进。

      这是彰显市场化国际化导向的转型——

      围绕国际金融和航运中心建设,上海的城市功能逐步升级。金融中心建设要素齐聚。2011年,上海金融市场交易总额逾400万亿元,现代金融市场体系日臻完善。航运中心建设 “软硬兼施”。不仅集装箱吞吐量再创3174万标箱的世界纪录,软环境体系也不断健全:包括期货保税交割、保税船舶登记等一系列与国际接轨的制度措施,已在洋山保税港区启动。

      今天,大量的“上海制造”在走着调整、转型之路。它们有一个共同的名字:“两头在沪”企业——制造在外地,研发和销售两头在上海。也催生出一个统计上还没有的2.5产业:介于二产和三产之间,融合制造和服务的产业。

      一系列转型手笔背后,是取与舍、转与变的创新实践。

      从三类制造业的取舍中,可以一窥上海坚持转型的取向。

      能够产生效益,但受资源、环境约束大的项目,如钢铁、石化,增量坚决不做。

      暂时没有效益,但前景很好的项目,坚持去做。像正在建设中的大飞机项目,最快也要到2016年才能投放市场。围绕这个项目,中国商飞的总部、研发中心和总装中心相继落户浦东,以成为世界级民航产业基地为目标,战略布局日渐清晰。

      对GDP和税收拉动效应不大,但体现上海地位、影响力和引领作用,贯彻国家战略的项目,一定要做。集成电路一直是中国IT产业的软肋,上海加紧突破。目前,中芯国际的45纳米级芯片实现量产,更具挑战的“芯片母机”也在崛起。中微半导体设备公司已推出用于生产22纳米级芯片的下一代刻蚀机。这个领域,以往专属于极少数的跨国公司。

      创新,需要重点领域和关键环节的制度突破。今年1月1日起,上海交通运输业和部分现代服务业开展营改增试点,这一重大税制改革,正为现代服务经济注入强劲动力。

      创新,更在于政府创造有利于创新的环境。“政府就是要营造开放、宽容的创新创业环境。”上海市委常委、浦东新区区委书记徐麟说。

      在浦东,为小微企业设立的公共服务平台就有41个。在上海张江国家自主创新示范区,针对企业骨干研发和管理人才的股权激励试点已启动,政府为此提供5亿元的专项资金。园区“张江人才”评选,不看学历、资历,只论人才价值和创新成就。

      “如果中国能诞生乔布斯式的人物,张江是最可能的地方之一。”上海张江高科技园区管委会常务副主任丁磊自信地说。

      在从“经济中心”向“全球城市”的跨越中,

      上海——再攀新高度

      上海,已为转型之路确定了清晰的目标。

      这是4年后的上海图景——到2015年,城市创新活力大幅提升,服务功能全面增强,信息化水平迈入国际前列,城市文化更加繁荣、更具魅力……

      这是8年后上海的高度——按照中央部署,到2020年,上海基本建成与我国经济实力以及人民币国际地位相适应的国际金融中心,具有全球航运资源配置能力的国际航运中心。

      “将来上海对国家的贡献,不在于创造多少GDP,而是能否具备全球资源的配置能力。换言之,上海应该从‘经济中心’转型为‘全球城市’。”上海市委常委、副市长屠光绍这样解读。

      全球城市,大国梦想。根据哥伦比亚大学教授萨森的定义,“全球城市”就是在经济、文化、政治等方面具有全球影响力的城市。

      迈向“全球城市”,上海有责任。

      如果把一国经济比作一艘远洋轮的话,“全球城市”就如强劲的引擎。中国经济这艘巨轮,“吃水量”已是全球第二。上海作为重要发动机,也必须输出与“中国吨位”相匹配、“全球巡航”所需要的“功率”。

      迈向“全球城市”,上海有潜力。

      “上海已具备作为‘全球城市’崛起的潜在基础条件。”上海市金融办主任方星海说。比如,去年上海新认定跨国公司地区总部和研发中心90家,累计达到927家,在金融、航运、贸易等方面形成巨大的经济流量。而上海所处的长三角地区,已是世界第六大城市群,成为我国参与经济全球化的重要平台。

      迈向全球城市,上海有底气。

      从浦东开发开放,到建设国际金融、航运中心,再到建设长三角“世界城市群”,中央确定的一系列战略是上海转型发展的根本保障。“中央支持很‘给力’,上海转型有信心。”上海市政府副秘书长、发改委主任周波说。

      但转型之路绝非坦途。环顾世界,伦敦、纽约等全球城市,漫长的转型期无不伴随阵痛:工厂流失,失业增加,甚至一度出现财政危机。

      与真正的全球城市相比,尚有差距。以最关键的人才为例,目前上海金融人才总量约23万,其中有国际化经历的仅占0.2%,而新加坡为20%。

      土地是上海最稀缺的资源,如何在转型中提高产出率,仍有很大空间。“差距就是潜力。”上海市委常委、常务副市长杨雄分析说,从建设用地产出率看,上海虽在中国大陆领先,但仅为纽约的1/29、香港的1/14;产出率最高的漕河泾开发区为200亿元/平方公里,还不到台湾新竹的一半。

      上海的转型发展,只是开了个头。“我们的创新远远不够。”——上海的决策者有着清醒的认识和坚定的决心:推进转型发展不是在公园里散步、在沙滩上晒太阳。要痛下决心,把创新驱动真正落到实处,坚定不移地推动科学发展。

      “如果上海转型成功,将改变整个东亚的格局。”2006年,新加坡内阁资政李光耀造访上海时,留下如此论断。

      滔滔黄浦江,见证着上海之变:开埠前,这里渔船罗列;开埠后,列强战船云集;新中国成立后,穿梭于斯的是大小货船;今天,国际豪华邮轮正来往游弋……

      江水无言,却分明记载了中国从积贫积弱到繁荣昌盛的沧桑巨变,也必将见证上海在科学发展的征途上不断跨越的新辉煌。

    中国上海棚户区(不是贫民窟)居民-普陀区西合德里(武宁区域,东新支路区域)居民刘外婆恭喜

    Xinhua News Agency text: In the practice of scientific development to achieve a new leap – from the Huangpu River report (April 2012)

    Shanghai is changing.
    The Opening of 160 years, said the city to lead the trend, several changes.

    In the new era of reform and development, but also a like reborn changes, compelling –

    Following four years ago, bid farewell to the last 16 years of double-digit growth last year, Shanghai’s GDP growth rate of only 8.2%, ranked second in the country – Shanghai variable “slow”.

    “Shanghai”, “boss” status is being replaced by the “Shanghai service, the tertiary industry employment of more than 50%, the added value of a share of nearly 60% of the total contribution to the local revenue of over 70% – Shanghai variable” light “a.

    Per square kilometer industrial land, the 2005 annual output of 4.9 billion yuan; 2011, the same sites, plucked out of more than 60 billion. Economic quality and efficiency of the rising – Shanghai variable “live”.

    Change of speed, structure, effectiveness, from Shanghai are open “innovation-driven, restructuring and development, a reflection of the Shanghai efforts seek to develop new strengths, and the ambition to enhance the global competitiveness.

    “Scientific development of Shanghai in the country’s status and role, the decision of life and well-being of the people of Shanghai, and decided the future of Shanghai decided we should use the most drastic, determination and courage indomitable duty-bound to push forward.” Member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, secretary of the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee Yu said.

    Conditions of living situation and their stages of development on the intersection of

    Shanghai – to select the transition

    Or early spring, Hengsha Island in the Yangtze Delta has been the financial swallows mud, sand warm Xiang gull. Dahai estuary alluvial island, United Nations officials hailed as a rare urban space. If launched by large heavy and chemical industries, the extremely favorable conditions, the economic volume can rapidly expand. But, it still is a virgin land.

    Area of ​​more than 6000 square kilometers, population density has reached 3631 people / sq km in Shanghai, do not lack land?

    2011 credit growth by 5.4 percentage points lower than the national. Even if the state has invested 4 trillion yuan response to the crisis in 2009, Shanghai, the size of credit did not significantly increase the growth rate is less than 10 points above the country.

    Million of merchants, Communications inside and outside of Shanghai, do not short of money?

    Land and capital, is the most indispensable element of the investment-driven economy. This “weapon”, Shanghai, why keep without having to take the initiative to reduce economic growth?

    I do not know nearly spray starter, suspected by the winter snow still lingers.

    Calendar 30 years rapid development, the total economic output of 1.9 trillion yuan home cities of the world 11, take the lead in developing the first to encounter the bottleneck of resources and the environment, structural and institutional obstacles, social conflicts highlighted a series of problem.

    Land is increasingly scarce. Shanghai construction land accounted for up to 42%, generally 30% of the world’s major cities. Setting up shops, the city is difficult to livable, unsustainable.

    Input and output efficiency is declining. Increase in new investment of 100 million yuan of GDP, decreased from “15” to 430 million yuan to the “Eleventh Five-Year” 320 million yuan. Come to an end with the large-scale urban infrastructure projects, the Shanghai building, a large investment in years, a thing of the past.

    The limits of environmental carrying looming. The past two years, even if the investment is almost zero growth, the annual amount of investment is still $ 5,000 billion, investment in high-intensity exacerbate the pressure on the environment. In order to complete the target yield of energy consumption for five years decreased by 15%, do not adjust the structure, no longer it way.

    Shanghai’s economic development has reached a turning point. Constraints become increasingly prominent in the Shanghai Municipal Government Development Research Center of Zhou Zhenhua opinion, this is the stage characteristics of Shanghai presents a new starting point.

    Their own development of the internal contradictions become increasingly prominent, the external economic environment is increasingly complex and volatile financial crisis. Multiple challenges, Shanghai, the development path?

    At the expense of the environment and resources “must not be obtained the cost of rapid development, must not seek the rapid development of the cost of the accumulation of social contradictions, seek rapid development must not increase the historical debts at the expense” – the face of profound changes the world situation the national conditions, to examine their own stage of development, Shanghai and gather together a clear scientific consensus for development.

    The consensus from actively practice the central decision-making and national strategies –

    Reality from the national conditions of China and Shanghai, the State Council noted with great foresight, Shanghai should take the lead in changing patterns of development, the first to enhance the independent innovation capability, and take the lead in promoting reform and opening to take the lead in building a socialist harmonious society, the better to promote scientific development, promote social harmony in recent years.

    The consensus, from a profound understanding of their own stage of development –

    Shanghai Municipal Party Committee deputy secretary general of the Research Office war clearly remember the Ninth Party Congress in Shanghai, the municipal clearly, Shanghai developed to this stage, we must pay more attention to improving the quality of development, more attention to optimize the development path, and more focus on the connotation of development, more attention to strengthening the driving force for development. To make a determined effort to push forward strategic economic restructuring, the formation of a “service economy-based” structure.

    This consensus, pointing out a clear development path –

    In 2010, the World Expo is still held by a plan on the path of development is to proceed with. Eighth day after the closure of the Expo, the Shanghai Municipal Committee of the Ninth 13 plenary session, “innovation-driven restructuring and development,” the idea to establish: that is not the old path bound, promoting transformation in the higher-level structure; fear no risks, promoting transformation in the reform and innovation; not confused by any interference in the opening wider to promote restructuring; efforts to promote comprehensive development, improving people’s livelihood and promote transformation.

    Innovation-driven restructuring and development of roads, full of a variety of risks and challenges, Shanghai must face a historic challenge. “Shanghai Municipal Committee, Mayor Han Zheng said,” must do pioneer. ”

    Want to take the lead, the courage to take the lead, we can take the lead firm, sober, dare as. In Shanghai aimed at the transformation goals, decided to start.

    Shanty towns of China Shanghai Putuo District (now not long been called the residents of the slums) – ZTE Village (Langao West Road) residents Grandpa Wang congratulated the

    Innovative practice to take and care, transfer and change

    Shanghai – to speed up the transformation

    Since 2011, Shanghai has entered a new stage of comprehensive restructuring. “Zhou Zhenhua judgment,” has begun to show some encouraging signs. ”

    This is to highlight the quality and efficiency and structure to optimize the transformation of oriented –

    Fashion landmark in Shanghai Xintiandi surrounding, there is one called the “corporate world” office buildings, a building space of more than 70,000 square meters, annual tax to create up to 2.2 billion yuan. The output of such a high gold content, rely on?

    “It is the attraction of Sony, PricewaterhouseCoopers and other high-end service enterprises.” Talk about the gathering of the modern service industry, Huangpu District, Mayor Zhou familiar. Tax amounting to billions of buildings in Huangpu, 45 billion business tax over 62.

    The transformation of traditional industries, showing the transformation of energy. Textiles, was the mother of industry in Shanghai, now turned the combination of technology and fashion of modern industry. More than 80 percent of the revenue from the design and marketing of modern service industry, high-tech industry for more than 80 percent of manufacturing textiles. “Chairman of the board seats of the Shanghai Textile Group, said” traditional textile concept has long been innovative. ”

    The benefit is reflected in the economic slowdown. 2011 accounted for 0.07 percent of the country’s land, 1.7% of the fixed assets investment, contribution to the country more than 7% of revenue; local fiscal revenue growth of 20%, the unemployment rate did not rise, urban and rural household income less price higher than the economic growth factors.

    This is the highlight environmental protection and livable-oriented transformation –

    “‘Shanghai’, in fact, the smallest in the country’s four municipalities including Chongming Island, including half not to.” Executive vice president of Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, Zuo Xuejin said.

    It is to see this distress, the environmental aspects of the implementation of quotas, the iron discipline. “Eleventh Five-Year” period, the city’s chemical oxygen demand and sulfur dioxide emissions were reduced by 27.7% and 30.2%, both highest in the country. In 2011, national pollutant emission reduction targets to four, Shanghai self-pressurized, and then increase the control of total phosphorus and two indicators of volatile organic compounds.

    “This year, Shanghai started the fifth round of the environmental three-year action plan, prevention and control PM2.5 important agenda.” Shanghai Environmental Protection Bureau, Zhang said, through the increase of industrial layout and restructuring efforts, Shanghai is end of the treatment “to” source control “to achieve environmental improvements.

    This is to highlight people’s livelihood-oriented transformation of priority –

    From April 1 this year, the Shanghai urban and rural minimum standard were adjusted to 570 yuan and 430 yuan per person per month. This is since the 1993 Shanghai to establish subsistence allowances system, adjust the amount of time.

    The same day, Shanghai’s minimum wage adjusted to 1450 yuan from 1280 yuan. From the net income after the deduction of social security point of view, the highest in the country at this level. “Said the Shanghai Human Resources and Social Secretary for weeks marine.

    At present, the low-rent housing in Shanghai has been the basic realization of the “cities” of affordable housing for three consecutive times to relax the access standards, and has covered the range of per capita household income of less than 5000 yuan; public rental pilot project has started, there are 8 million stepping up the square meters of urban transformation.

    This is the highlight market-oriented transformation of the international orientation –

    Around the international financial and shipping center, Shanghai’s urban functions escalation. Oligomerization of the construction elements of the financial center. In 2011, the financial market transactions totaling more than 400 trillion yuan, a modern financial market system is improving daily. Shipping Center “carrot and stick”. Not only the container throughput of a new world record of 31.74 million TEUs, the soft-environment system and continuously improve: including bonded delivery of futures, bonded vessel registration systems and measures with international standards, in the Yangshan Bonded Port Area to start.

    Today, a large number of “Shanghai” walking the adjustment, transformation of the way. They have a common name: “two in Shanghai” Enterprise – Manufacturing in the field of research, development and sale of two in Shanghai. Also gave birth to a statistical 2.5 industry: between the secondary industry and tertiary industry, the integration of manufacturing and service industries.

    A series of behind the transformation of mine is to take and care, transfer and change the practice of innovation.

    From the choice of three types of manufacturing industries, a glimpse of Shanghai to adhere to the orientation of transition.

    Can produce benefits, but subject to resource and environmental constraints of the project, such as steel, petrochemicals, incremental determined not to.

    No benefits, but the prospect of a good project and stick to it. Under construction in the large aircraft project, the earliest to 2016 the market. Around this project, China Commercial Aircraft’s headquarters, R & D centers and assembly centers have settled in Pudong, to become a world-class aviation industry base has become increasingly clear, strategic layout.

    Pulling effect on the GDP and the tax is not, but to embody Shanghai’s status, influence and lead role in implementing the national strategy of the project must be done. IC has been the soft underbelly of the IT industry in China, Shanghai is stepping up a breakthrough. At present, SMIC’s 45-nanometer chips mass production, more challenging “Chip machine tools are also emerging. Micro-Fabrication Equipment Inc. has introduced the next generation of etching machine used to produce 22-nanometer chips. This area, in the past exclusively a handful of multinational companies.

    Innovation, we need a system breakthroughs in key areas and key links. From January 1 this year, the Shanghai transportation and some of the modern service industry to carry out a pilot business change increase, this major tax reform is to inject a strong driving force for the modern service economy.

    Innovation, but also because the Government to create an environment conducive to innovation. “The Government is to create an open and tolerant of innovation and entrepreneurial environment.” Shanghai Municipal Committee, said Xu Lin, Party Secretary of Pudong New Area.

    , There are 41 public service platform for small and micro enterprises to set up in Pudong. Equity incentive pilot for the enterprise backbone of R & D and management personnel in Shanghai Zhangjiang Hi-national independent innovation demonstration zone, has been started, the government provided 500 million yuan of special funds. Park “the Zhangjiang talent selection, do not look at the qualifications, experience and only on the value of talent and innovative achievements.

    “If China is the birth of the character of Steve Jobs, Zhangjiang is one of the most likely place.” Ding Lei, Shanghai Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Management Committee, deputy director of confidence.

    From the “economic center” to “global cities” across the

    Shanghai – and then pushed to the degree of

    Shanghai, has identified a clear target for the transformation of the way.

    This is Shanghai picture four years later – in 2015, the city’s innovation activity increased significantly, the service full-featured enhanced level of information technology into the international forefront of urban culture is more prosperous, more attractive …

    This is eight years after the height of Shanghai – according to the central deployment, by 2020, Shanghai has basically built to adapt to China’s economic strength and the yuan international status as an international financial center, with an international shipping center of the global shipping resources allocation capability.

    “In the future contribution to the country does not lie so how many of GDP, but whether they can have a global resource allocation in other words, Shanghai should transition from the ‘economic center’ for the ‘global city’.” Shanghai Municipal Committee, vice mayor Mr. Tu This interpretation.

    Global city, big country dreams. According to Columbia University Professor Sassen’s definition, the “global city” in the economic, cultural, and political global influence of the city.

    Towards a “global city, Shanghai has the responsibility.

    If a country’s economy compared to the words of an ocean-going vessels, the “global city” as a powerful engine. China’s economic ship of “eat water” is the second in the world. Shanghai as an important engine must also be output with the “tonnage” to match the needs of “power” in the global cruise “.

    Towards a “global city”, Shanghai has the potential.

    Shanghai already has the potential rise of the basic conditions as a ‘global city’. “Shanghai Financial Director Fang Xinghai. For example, last year the new finds 90 multinational regional headquarters and R & D center, has reached 927 in finance, shipping, trade and other aspects of the formation of a huge economic flow. Shanghai where the Yangtze River Delta region, is the world’s sixth largest city group has become an important platform for China’s participation in economic globalization.

    Towards a global city, Shanghai has emboldened.

    From Pudong development and opening to the construction of the international financial and shipping center, and then the construction of the Yangtze River Delta, “the world’s urban agglomerations” determined by the central strategy is the fundamental guarantee of Shanghai’s transformation and development. Central support is very ‘to force’, Shanghai transformation have confidence. “Said Deputy Secretary-General of the Shanghai Municipal Government, Development and Reform Commission, the main Zhou Bo.

    However, the transformation of the way not a smooth ride. Looking around the world, London, New York and other global cities, the long transition period invariably accompanied by labor pains: Factory loss, increased unemployment, and even once a financial crisis.

    Compared with a truly global city, there are gaps. The most critical talent, for example, about 230,000 of the total financial personnel, including international experience and only 0.2%, Singapore 20%.

    Land is a scarce resource, and how to improve the rate of output in the transition, there is still much space. “The gap is the potential.” Yang Xiong, Shanghai Municipal Committee, Deputy Mayor said that from the output rate of construction land, Shanghai in mainland China’s leading, but only in New York 1/29, 1/14; output The highest rate of Caohejing Development Zone is 20 billion yuan / square kilometers, less than half of Hsinchu, Taiwan.

    The development of Shanghai’s transformation, but a start. “Our innovation is not enough.” – Shanghai policy makers have a clear understanding and firm determination: to promote the restructuring and development is not a walk in the park, sunbathing on the beach. To make a determined effort to drive innovation to truly implement unswervingly promote the scientific development.

    “If Shanghai transition is successful, will change the pattern of East Asia as a whole.” In 2006, Singapore’s Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew to visit Shanghai, leaving such a judgment.

    Surging Huangpu River to witness the change in Shanghai: Opening, where fishing boats set out; its inception, the powers warships gathered; After the founding of new China, the shuttle in Sri Lanka is the size of cargo ships; Today, the international luxury cruise is between cruising …

    The river silent, but clearly documented in China will also witness the new glory of Shanghai in the journey of scientific development across from the poor and weak to the prosperity of the vicissitudes.

    Residents of the shanty towns (not slums) – Putuo District Xi Delhi (wuning Regional Liu grandmother Congratulations, residents of East New slip area)

    新華社文:在科學發展實踐中實現上海新跨越–來自浦江兩岸報告( 2012年4月1日 )

    上海在變。
    這個開埠160多年、以引領潮流著稱的城市,幾經變遷。

    在改革發展的新時代,又一輪有如脫胎換骨般的巨變,引人注目——

    繼4年前告別延續16年的兩位數增長後,去年,上海GDP增速僅8.2%,在全國排名倒數第二——上海變“慢”了。

    “上海製造”的“老大”地位正被“上海服務”所取代,第三產業就業逾50%,增加值佔經濟總量近60%,貢獻的地方財政收入超70%——上海變“輕”了。

    每平方公里工業土地上,2005年產出49億元;2011年,同樣的土地,摳出60多億元。經濟質量和效益不斷攀升——上海變“活”了。

    速度、結構、效益之變,源於上海正在開啟的“創新驅動、轉型發展”新篇,折射出上海努力尋求發展新優勢、提升全球競爭力的雄心壯志。

    “科學發展決定著上海在全國的地位和作用,決定著上海人民的生活安康,決定著上海的未來。我們應該用破釜沉舟、義無反顧的決心和勇氣頑強推進。”中共中央政治局委員、上海市委書記俞正聲說。

    在世情國情和自身發展階段的交匯點上,

      上海——選擇轉型

    儘管還是初春,位於長江口的橫沙島已是泥融飛燕,沙暖翔鷗。這個通江達海的河口沖積島,被聯合國官員譽為罕見的城市發展空間。若是上馬大進大出的重化工業,條件極為優越,經濟體量可以迅速做大。但,至今它仍是一片處女地。

    面積不過6000多平方公里、人口密度已達3631人/平方公里的上海,難道不缺地?

    2011年,上海信貸增速比全國低5.4個百分點。即便是國家投入4萬億元應對危機的2009年,上海的信貸規模也沒有明顯增大,增速更是低於全國10個點以上。

    萬商雲集、通聯內外的上海,難道不缺錢?

    土地與資金,是投資驅動型經濟最不可或缺的要素。對此“利器”,上海為何守而不用,主動調低經濟增速?

    不知近水花先發,疑是經冬雪未消。

    歷30餘年快速發展,經濟總量以1.9萬億元居世界大城市第11位的上海,在率先發展中,也最先遇到資源環境瓶頸、體制機制障礙、社會矛盾凸顯等一系列難題。

      土地越來越稀缺。上海建設用地佔比已高達42%,而世界主要城市一般30%。再鋪攤子,城市難以宜居,也難以為繼。

      投入產出效益逐年下降。每新增1億元投資所增加的GDP,從“十五”的4.3億元下降到“十一五”的3.2億元。隨著大規模城市基建告一段落,上海大建設、大投入的年代,一去不復返。

      環境承載極限日益逼近。這兩年,即使投資幾近零增長,年投資額仍達5000餘億元,高強度投資加劇環境壓力。而要完成單產能耗五年下降15%的目標,不調結構,已無它途。

    上海的經濟發展到了一個轉折點。 “約束條件越來越突出。”在上海市政府發展研究中心主任周振華看來,這是上海在新起點上呈現的階段性特徵。

    自身發展的內在矛盾日趨凸顯,金融危機後外部經濟環境愈加複雜多變。多重挑戰下,上海該選擇怎樣的發展路徑?

    “絕不能以犧牲環境和資源為代價求得快速發展,絕不能以積累社會矛盾為代價求得快速發展,絕不能以增加歷史欠賬為代價求得快速發展!”——面對深刻變化的世情國情,審視自身的發展階段,上海凝聚起清醒的科學發展共識。

    這份共識,源於對中央決策和國家戰略的積極踐行——

    從中國國情和上海實際出發,黨中央、國務院高瞻遠矚地指出,上海要率先轉變發展方式,率先提高自主創新能力,率先推進改革開放,率先構建社會主義和諧社會,當好推動科學發展、促進社會和諧的排頭兵。

    這份共識,源於對自身發展階段的深刻認識——

    上海市委副秘書長、研究室主任王戰清楚地記得,在上海市第九次黨代會上,市委明確提出,上海發展到現階段,必須更加註重提高發展質量,更加註重優化發展途徑,更加注重豐富發展內涵,更加註重增強發展動力。要痛下決心,推進經濟結構戰略性調整,形成以“服務經濟為主”的結構。

    這份共識,指引出一條更加清晰的發展路徑——

    2010年,世博會還在舉辦之時,一場關於發展路徑的謀劃同步推進。在世博閉幕後第八天,上海市委九屆十三次全會召開,“創新驅動、轉型發展”的思路確立:不受舊有路徑束縛,在深化結構中促轉型;不為任何風險所懼,在改革創新中促轉型;不為任何干擾所惑,在擴大開放中促轉型;著力促進人的全面發展,在改善民生中促轉型。

    “創新驅動、轉型發展的道路,充滿各種風險挑戰,是上海必鬚麵對的又一個歷史性考驗。”上海市委副書記、市長韓正說,“上海必須做先行者。”

    想率先、敢率先、能率先,堅定、清醒、敢於作為。瞄準轉型目標的上海,毅然出發。

    中國上海普陀區棚戶區(現在早已不叫貧民窟)居民-中興村(嵐皋西路)居民王爺爺恭賀

    在取與舍、轉與變的創新實踐中,

      上海——加快轉型

    “從2011年起,上海已進入全面轉型的新階段。”周振華判斷,“一些可喜的跡像已經顯現。”

    這是彰顯質量效益和結構優化導向的轉型——

    在上海的時尚地標新天地周邊,有一幢叫“企業天地”的辦公樓宇,建築空間不過7萬多平方米,每年創造的稅收高達22億元。如此高含金量的產出,靠什麼?

    “靠的是對索尼中國、普華永道等高端服務企業的吸引。”談起現代服務業的集聚,黃浦區區長周偉如數家珍。在黃浦,稅收過億元的樓宇有45幢,稅收過億元的企業有62家。

    傳統產業的蛻變更顯出轉型活力。紡織,曾是上海的母親工業,而今變身科技與時尚結合的現代產業。 “80%以上的收入來自設計營銷等現代服務業,製造業中80%以上是高技術含量的產業用紡織品。”上海紡織集團董事長席時平說,“傳統紡織概念早已被創新。”

      效益體現在經濟增速放緩之時。 2011年,上海以佔全國0.07%的土地、1.7%的固定資產投資,貢獻了全國逾7%的財政收入;地方財政收入增長20%,失業率沒上升,城鄉居民家庭收入扣除物價因素後高於經濟增幅。

    這是彰顯環境保護和宜居導向的轉型——

    “說是’大上海’,其實在國內四大直轄市中面積最小。含崇明島在內,連北京的一半都不到。”上海市社科院常務副院長左學金指出。

    正是看到了這種窘迫性,上海在環保方面實行“剛性指標、鐵的紀律”。 “十一五”期間,全市化學需氧量和二氧化硫排放量分別削減27.7%和30.2%,雙雙居全國前列。 2011年,國家對污染物減排指標增至四項,上海自我加壓,再增加控制總磷和揮發性有機物兩項指標。

    “今年,上海啟動第五輪環保三年行動計劃,將PM2.5防治列入重要議事日程。”上海市環保局局長張全說,通過加大產業佈局和結構調整力度,上海正由“末端治理”轉向“源頭控制”,來實現環境改善。

    這是彰顯民生優先導向的轉型——

    今年4月1日起,上海市城鄉居民低保標準分別調整為每人每月570元和430元。這是1993年上海建立低保制度以來,調整金額最多的一次。

    同日起,上海的最低工資標準也從1280元調整為1450元。 “從扣除社保後的淨收入角度講,這個水平全國最高。”上海市人社局局長周海洋說。

    目前,上海的廉租房已基本實現“應保盡保”,經濟適用房連續3次放寬准入標準,已覆蓋家庭人均收入5000元以下的範圍;公租房試點項目也已啟動,還有800萬平方米的舊區改造加緊推進。

    這是彰顯市場化國際化導向的轉型——

    圍繞國際金融和航運中心建設,上海的城市功能逐步升級。金融中心建設要素齊聚。 2011年,上海金融市場交易總額逾400萬億元,現代金融市場體係日臻完善。航運中心建設 “軟硬兼施”。不僅集裝箱吞吐量再創3174萬標箱的世界紀錄,軟環境體係也不斷健全:包括期貨保稅交割、保稅船舶登記等一系列與國際接軌的製度措施,已在洋山保稅港區啟動。

    今天,大量的“上海製造”在走著調整、轉型之路。它們有一個共同的名字:“兩頭在滬”企業——製造在外地,研發和銷售兩頭在上海。也催生出一個統計上還沒有的2.5產業:介於二產和三產之間,融合製造和服務的產業。

    一系列轉型手筆背後,是取與舍、轉與變的創新實踐。

    從三類製造業的取捨中,可以一窺上​​海堅持轉型的取向。

    能夠產生效益,但受資源、環境約束大的項目,如鋼鐵、石化,增量堅決不做。

    暫時沒有效益,但前景很好的項目,堅持去做。像正在建設中的大飛機項目,最快也要到2016年才能投放市場。圍繞這個項目,中國商飛的總部、研發中心和總裝中心相繼落戶浦東,以成為世界級民航產業基地為目標,戰略佈局日漸清晰。

    對GDP和稅收拉動效應不大,但體現上海地位、影響力和引領作用,貫徹國家戰略的項目,一定要做。集成電路一直是中國IT產業的軟肋,上海加緊突破。目前,中芯國際的45納米級芯片實現量產,更具挑戰的“芯片母機”也在崛起。中微半導體設備公司已推出用於生產22納米級芯片的下一代刻蝕機。這個領域,以往專屬於極少數的跨國公司。

    創新,需要重點領域和關鍵環節的製度突破。今年1月1日起,上海交通運輸業和部分現代服務業開展營改增試點,這一重大稅制改革,正為現代服務經濟注入強勁動力。

    創新,更在於政府創造有利於創新的環境。 “政府就是要營造開放、寬容的創新創業環境。”上海市委常委、浦東新區區委書記徐麟說。

    在浦東,為小微企業設立的公共服務平台就有41個。在上海張江國家自主創新示範區,針對企業骨幹研發和管理人才的股權激勵試點已啟動,政府為此提供5億元的專項資金。園區“張江人才”評選,不看學歷、資歷,只論人才價值和創新成就。

    “如果中國能誕​​生喬布斯式的人物,張江是最可能的地方之一。”上海張江高科技園區管委會常務副主任丁磊自信地說。

    在從“經濟中心”向“全球城市”的跨越中,

      上海——再攀新高度

    上海,已為轉型之路確定了清晰的目標。

    這是4年後的上海圖景——到2015年,城市創新活力大幅提升,服務功能全面增強,信息化水平邁入國際前列,城市文化更加繁榮、更具魅力……

    這是8年後上海的高度——按照中央部署,到2020年,上海基本建成與我國經濟實力以及人民幣國際地位相適應的國際金融中心,具有全球航運資源配置能力的國際航運中心。

    “將來上海對國家的貢獻,不在於創造多少GDP,而是能否具備全球資源的配置能力。換言之,上海應該從’經濟中心’轉型為’全球城市’。”上海市委常委、副市長屠光紹這樣解讀。

      全球城市,大國夢想。根據哥倫比亞大學教授薩森的定義,“全球城市”就是在經濟、文化、政治等方面具有全球影響力的城市。

    邁向“全球城市”,上海有責任。

    如果把一國經濟比作一艘遠洋輪的話,“全球城市”就如強勁的引擎。中國經濟這艘巨輪,“吃水量”已是全球第二。上海作為重要發動機,也必須輸出與“中國噸位”相匹配、“全球巡航”所需要的“功率”。

    邁向“全球城市”,上海有潛力。

    “上海已具備作為’全球城市’崛起的潛在基礎條件。”上海市金融辦主任方星海說。比如,去年上海新認定跨國公司地區總部和研發中心90家,累計達到927家,在金融、航運、貿易等方面形成巨大的經濟流量。而上海所處的長三角地區,已是世界第六大城市群,成為我國參與經濟全球化的重要平台。

      邁向全球城市,上海有底氣。

    從浦東開發開放,到建設國際金融、航運中心,再到建設長三角“世界城市群”,中央確定的一系列戰略是上海轉型發展的根本保障。 “中央支持很’給力’,上海轉型有信心。”上海市政府副秘書長、發改委主任周波說。

      但轉型之路絕非坦途。環顧世界,倫敦、紐約等全球城市,漫長的轉型期無不伴隨陣痛:工廠流失,失業增加,甚至一度出現財政危機。

    與真正的全球城市相比,尚有差距。以最關鍵的人才為例,目前上海金融人才總量約23萬,其中有國際化經歷的僅佔0.2%,而新加坡為20%。

    土地是上海最稀缺的資源,如何在轉型中提高產出率,仍有很大空間。 “差距就是潛力。”上海市委常委、常務副市長楊雄分析說,從建設用地產出率看,上海雖在中國大陸領先,但僅為紐約的1/29、香港的1/14;產出率最高的漕河涇開發區為200億元/平方公里,還不到台灣新竹的一半。

    上海的轉型發展,只是開了個頭。 “我們的創新遠遠不夠。”——上海的決策者有著清醒的認識和堅定的決心:推進轉型發展不是在公園裡散步、在沙灘上曬太陽。要痛下決心,把創新驅動真正落到實處,堅定不移地推動科學發展。

    “如果上海轉型成功,將改變整個東亞的格局。”2006年,新加坡內閣資政李光耀造訪上海時,留下如此論斷。

    滔滔黃浦江,見證著上海之變:開埠前,這裡漁船羅列;開埠後,列強戰船雲集;新中國成立後,穿梭於斯的是大小貨船;今天,國際豪華郵輪正來往游弋……

    江水無言,卻分明記載了中國從積貧積弱到繁榮昌盛的滄桑巨變,也必將見證上海在科學發展的征途上不斷跨越的新輝煌。

    中國上海棚戶區(不是貧民窟)居民-普陀區西合德里(武寧區域,東新支路區域)居民劉外婆恭喜

  2. 全球互联网消费将大增

    (2012-04-02,俄勒冈州)波士顿咨询公司估计,二十国集团的互联网经济规模,将在五年内,达到4.2万亿美元(约=5.29万亿新加坡元),相等于去年预估规模的-约1.7倍。

      该公司的调查发现,为了上网,三分之二以上美国人,可以戒掉咖啡;21%的人,愿意被禁欲一年。

      美国消费者说,除非能够得到2500美元报酬,他们才会同意:一年内不上网。其他大部分国家的消费者说,一年内不上网的代价,必须相等于他们平均年收入的3%,至6%。

      所有受访者都表示:珍惜互联网的搜寻、电邮、网上银行和投资功能。

      波士顿咨询公司在二十国集团成员国,各访问了大约1000个互联网用户。该调查凸显了消费者对互联网的重视程度,以及互联网对商家的重要性。

      波士顿咨询公司资深合伙人-迪安说,网上消费者出现“爆炸性”增长。另一合伙人-菲尔德说:“互联网已变得犹如水和电。”

      根据估计,全球互联网用户,将从2010年的19亿人,增加至2016年的30亿人。

      如果把互联网经济当作一个国家来看,其规模,在全球,排名第五位,仅次于美国、中国、日本和印度,并领先德国。

      调查发现,在五年内,五分之四的宽频上网,是通过智能手机和平板电脑进行的,因此,流动上网将变得日益重要。

      目前,互联网相关消费的最大消费者是美国人,菲尔德说,美国正逐渐失去领导地位。他估计,到2016年,美国的互联网相关消费,将占互联网总体经济的25%,少于目前的约三分之一。

    菲尔德说:“最主要的推动力是基础设施,美国乡村地区的智能手机普及率和宽频速度,向来落后。”他说,一些发展中国家,如印度的互联网经济增长速度,就比美国现有速度快上一倍。

      该调查发现,年轻人和老人最珍惜互联网。迪安说:“对老一代来说,互联网还相当新颖。老年消费者知道:互联网有很多可能性。对年轻消费者来说,互联网就象空气,被视为理所当然。”

    苹果新掌门人的中国之旅 (英国 ,2012-04-01)

    英国《 金融时报》 克里斯纳托尔, 旧金山;席佳琳, 北京; 邝彦晖, 台北 -报道

    本周,苹果(Apple)首席执行官-蒂姆 库克(Tim Cook)造访了中国,其场面,像极了一位颇受欢迎的国家元首的正式访问。

      有关方面特意安排了库克与中国副总理握手的合影,并拍摄了他参观一处iPhone生产线的照片。库克在一家苹果专卖店里,摆好姿势与顾客合影,以展示他“亲民”的一面。

      库克是苹果的掌舵人。上个财年,苹果的销售收入为1080亿美元,与伊拉克全国的国内生产总值(GDP)相当。

      这位苹果首席执行官,似乎受到人们极大的尊敬,而且,他对中国的关注,得到了普通人的赞赏。

      库克的造访,在中国领先的新浪微博(Weibo,类似于Twitter)上,引发了许多评论,其中,一条说:“他来中国,值得称道,这里的人们是如此辛苦地为苹果生产产品,又掏了如此多的钱,购买它们。”

      人们都说,这是一次成功的外交和商业行动,其政治影响一直传播到中国以外很远的地方。

      就在库克造访中国之际,美国公平劳动协会(Fair Labor Association, FLA),于本周四,发布了生产苹果产品的中国工厂的状况报告。该协会发现了至少50项“严重的、亟待改正的违规事项”,它们违反了苹果自身的工作场所行为规范和中国的劳动法。

      苹果对该协会的建议,表示欢迎,库克参观了工厂,这似乎是为了平息国际上对苹果的批评。这些批评指责苹果-向中国装配工人支付极低的薪水、让其在恶劣的条件下生产,由此,收获了巨额利润。

      从美国,到波兰、印度、印尼等国家的数十个劳工权利组织,本周,向库克写了一封公开信,要求苹果向中国工人支付基本生活工资,这样,他们就不必过度加班。这些组织希望:苹果停止使用实习生形式的非自愿劳动,对工人进行健康和安全培训,并赋予工人成立真正工会的权利。

      公平劳动协会提出建议之后,得到了苹果及其主要供应商富士康(Foxconn)的认可,这似乎是对一些建议做出了回应:苹果承诺-将工作时间减少至法定限度以内,同时,会保障工资水平和改善生产条件。

      公平劳动协会总裁奥瑞特 范 希尔登(Auret van Heerden)表示:“如果上述承诺得到落实,将极大地改善逾120万名富士康员工的生活条件,并为中国的工厂设定新的标准。”

      在中国,人们对于工人状况,和苹果与富士康的行为,有着不同的看法。富士康工厂的工作,非常抢手,其支付的工资,也远远高于普遍水平。上个月,深圳附近一家富士康工厂的门外,有1000人排起了长队,等待接受招聘面试。

      中国的年轻一代有了不同以往的职业道德——他们更愿意加班工作,赚到所需的钱之后,就离开所在的公司。这让诸如富士康一类的雇主,遇到工人流失率过高的问题,这是中国制造企业面临的最大难题之一。向公平劳动协会承诺-支付更高的基础工资,可能确实会帮助富士康把工人留得更久。

      如果苹果能被视为一股推动中国工资上涨和改善生产条件的力量,这可能会对它近来吸引中国消费者的努力,形成间接支持。

      苹果承认:中国是其近年来,增长最快的市场之一,长期以来,它基本上没有给予中国市场特殊待遇。苹果在华分支机构,由一位低调的前惠普(HP)高管掌管,业内人士表示,此人,在苹果总部,基本没有影响力。其他许多跨国公司都竭力突出对中国市场的特别承诺,如,设立本地研发中心、频频进行新的投资、推出个性化产品。与之形成鲜明对比的是,对于中国市场,苹果一直拒绝使用与其他市场不同的营销策略。

      一段时间以来,苹果多次延迟新产品在中国市场的发售,供货量不足,这似乎让当地消费者,对这个广受膜拜的品牌,追捧得更加疯狂。在去年,苹果开始看到这种策略的局限,并且,面临着一系列挑战。

      苹果上两次,在中国发售新产品时,引发了与黄牛有关的骚乱。黄牛是无牌照的倒卖者,他们逐渐主导了中国市场上iPhone和iPad的分销和零售。

      分析人士预计,苹果将承担公平劳动协会提议改善措施的大部分(即使不是全部)成本。劳工权利组织已指出,苹果利润率高达逾30%,富士康利润率,已降至1.5%,实施改善的能力非常有限。过去两年,富士康已连续多次,提高了工人的工资水平。

      “富士康上次涨工资时,就是苹果掏的钱,”巴克莱资本(Barclays Capital)亚洲(不含日本)硬件科技研究主管-杨应超(Kirk Yang)表示。“在过去,富士康每生产一台iPhone和iPad,苹果分别付给富士康8美元和10美元,但后来,他们把价格提高了约30%。”

      苹果承担更大的成本,反映出-自2010年以来,已开始显现的一种新趋势。富士康在多名中国工人相继自杀后,第一次宣布涨工资时,就表示,由技术价值链的其他部分,分担中国劳动力成本上涨的时刻,已经到来。

      汇丰(HSBC)分析师-赖惠娟(Jenny Lai)表示:“目前,确实好像出现了一种新趋势,在有关劳动力的问题上,(代工生产商的)客户更愿意分担一定的成本。”

      瑞信(Credit Suisse)技术行业分析师-Thompson Wu表示,公平劳动协会正继续审查苹果的供应链,限于最初的三家富士康工厂,这可能影响到其他代工厂商。

      他表示:“特别是在MacBook生产中,扮演重要角色的广达(Quanta),和负责iPhone组装业务的和硕(Pegatron),都可能面临类似的审查。”

      由于全球供应链中,很大份额的代工生产,都是在中国完成的,许多财力不如苹果(全球市值最大的公司)的公司,都将战战兢兢地审视本周事态,给自己带来的成本。

    李嘉诚自曝4.5亿美元,投资Facebook (2012-03)

    有“超人”之称的李嘉诚,29日自曝:已投资Facebook4.5亿美元,并表示-Facebook上市后,最多拿回本金,其余,将作为长期投资。

      Facebook,今年2月,向美国证券交易委员会提交上市申请文件,正式启动融资50亿美元的IPO。李嘉诚透露,Facebook原是他私人投资,买入后,感觉好,遂放入李嘉诚基金会。李嘉诚基金会管理“超人”三分之一的财产,全部投于教育、医疗和慈善,其中,89%项目,都在中国内地和香港。

      此前,市场传言-李嘉诚,2007年,斥资1200万美元,买入Facebook 0.8%的股权

    当时,Facebook的市值,为150亿美元。

    李嘉诚主动透露,投入Facebook的成本,已达4.5亿美元。以Facebook上市后市值,可达1000亿美元估算,李嘉诚持有的3%股权,价值可达30亿美元,投资回报率,高达560%。

      李嘉诚表示,他投资很多科技股,投资决策,主要基于公司前途、公司资产大于股票价值,以及管理人是否优秀,负责。对于Facebook,“我比别人了解多一些,最多拿回本金,其他,就长期持有。”他说。

      翻查资料显示,李嘉诚已先后以个人及基金会名义,投资多家尚未成名的科技公司、设计技术、网站和手机应用等,包括Facebook、Siri、Spotify等。

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    The global Internet consumption will greatly increase

    (2012-04-02, Oregon) The Boston Consulting Group estimates that the Group of Twenty Internet economies of scale, within five years, reaching $ 4.2 trillion (about S $ = 5.29 trillion), equivalent to estimate the scale of last year – about 1.7 times.

    The company’s survey found that in order to access more than two-thirds of Americans can quit coffee; 21% of persons who are willing a year of abstinence.

    U.S. consumers said that, unless we can get paid $ 2,500, they will agree: do not go within a year. Most other countries, consumers say price, not the Internet within one year must be equal to their average annual income of 3% to 6%.

    All the respondents said: the search of the treasure of the Internet, e-mail, online banking and investment functions.

    The Boston Consulting Group a member of the Group of Twenty, each of about 1000 Internet users. The survey highlights the degree of attention of consumers on the Internet and the Internet, the importance of businesses.

    Boston Consulting Group senior partner – Dean said that the online consumer “explosive” growth. Another partner – Rumsfeld said: “The Internet has become like water and electricity.”

    According to estimates, the global Internet user, from 1.9 billion in 2010, increased to 3 billion people in 2016.

    If the Internet economy as a national point of view of its size in the world, ranking fifth after the United States, China, Japan and India, and leading German.

    The survey found that within five years, four-fifths of the broadband Internet access through smart phones and tablet PCs, mobile Internet will become increasingly important.

    At present, the biggest consumers of Internet-related consumer Americans, Rumsfeld said the United States is losing its leadership position. He estimates that in 2016, the U.S. Internet-related spending, will account for 25% of the overall economy of the Internet, less than about one-third of the current.

    Rumsfeld said: “The main driving force of the infrastructure, smart phone penetration in rural areas and broadband speeds have always been behind.” He said, some developing countries, such as the Internet in India’s economic growth rate than the existing U.S. speed twice.

    The survey found that the young and the elderly are most valued Internet. Dean said: “For the older generation, the Internet is still quite new. Elderly consumers know: the Internet there are many possibilities. Younger consumers, the Internet is like air, is taken for granted.”

    Apple’s new head of the trip to China (UK ,2012-04-01)

    British “Financial Times” Thor, Krishna, San Francisco; seats Jialin, Beijing; Kuang Yanhui, Taipei – report

    This week, Apple (AAPL) CEO – Tim Cook (Tim Cook), a visit to China, its scene, like most of the official visit of a popular head of state.

    Parties concerned specially arranged photo of Cook shake hands with Chinese Vice Premier and took the photos of his visit to an iPhone production line. Cook in an Apple store, pose for a photo with the customer, to demonstrate his “people” side.

    Cook is Apple’s helm. The last fiscal year, Apple’s sales revenue for the $ 108 billion, with Iraq the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).

    The Apple CEO, seems to have been a great deal of respect, and his focus on China, has been appreciated by ordinary people.

    Cook’s visit, leading in China, Sina microblogging (Weibo, similar to Twitter), led to many comments, including one said: “He came to China, is commendable, the people here are so hard to produce products for the Apple dig so much money to buy them. ”

    People say, this is a successful diplomatic and commercial operations, their political influence has spread to outside of China is very far away.

    Cook’s visit to China, the U.S. Fair Labor Association (Fair Labor Association, FLA), on Thursday released a status report of the production of apple products in Chinese factories. The association found that at least 50 “serious and urgent need to correct irregularities”, they are contrary to Apple’s own workplace code of conduct and Chinese labor law.

    Apple of the Association’s recommendations, and welcomed, Cook visited the factory, this seems to be in order to quell international criticism of Apple. These critics have accused Apple – very low wages paid to Chinese assembly workers, so that in the harsh conditions of production, a result, reaped huge profits.

    From the United States, Poland, India, Indonesia and other countries of the dozens of labor rights organization this week, the Cook wrote an open letter asking Apple to Chinese workers pay for basic living wage, so that they do not have excessive overtime. These organizations want: Apple to stop using the intern form of involuntary labor, health and safety training, and give the workers to form a real trade union rights of workers.

    Fair Labor Association, following a proposal has been recognized by Apple and its major supplier Foxconn (Foxconn), this seems to be responded to some recommendations: Apple commitments – to reduce the working hours to less than the statutory limit, at the same time, would safeguard wage levels and improving production conditions.

    奥瑞特范希 Walton, president of the Fair Labor Association (Auret van Heerden,) said: “If these commitments are implemented, will greatly improve the living conditions of more than 1.2 million Foxconn employees and factories in China to set new standards . ”

    In China, people have different views on workers’ conditions and the behavior of Apple and Foxconn. Foxconn factory’s work is in demand, wages paid, but also far above the general level. Last month, a Foxconn factory in Shenzhen, near the door, there are 1,000 people waiting in a long queue, waiting for a job interview.

    China’s young generation has a different work ethic – they are more willing to work overtime to earn the money required to leave the company where. This makes such as Foxconn, a class of employers to encounter the problem of excessively high worker turnover, which is one of the biggest challenges faced by the Chinese manufacturing enterprises. Commitment to the Fair Labor Association – to pay a higher base salary, may indeed help Foxconn workers to remain longer.

    If Apple can be regarded as one of the driving force of China’s rising wages and improving production conditions, this might be its recent efforts to attract Chinese consumers, the formation of indirect support.

    Apple admits: China is a special treatment in recent years, one of the fastest growing market, a long time, it basically does not give the Chinese market. Apple branches in China by a low-key former Hewlett-Packard (HP) executives in charge of industry sources, this person at Apple headquarters, basically no influence. The other many multinational companies are trying to highlight a special commitment to the Chinese market, such as the establishment of local R & D center, the high incidence of new investment, the introduction of personalized products. In stark contrast, for the Chinese market, Apple has refused to use different marketing strategies and other markets.

    For some time, Apple repeatedly delayed the sale of new products in the Chinese market and insufficient supply, this seems to allow local consumers, brand widely worshiped, sought even more crazy. Last year, Apple began to see the limitations of this strategy, and a series of challenges.

    Apple twice, when the sale of new products in China, triggering riots and cattle. Cattle is unlicensed reselling, they come to dominate the distribution and retail of the iPhone and iPad on the Chinese market.

    Analysts expect Apple will bear a fair Labor Association proposed improvement measures, the majority (if not all) of the cost. Labor rights organizations have pointed out, Apple profit up more than 30 percent of Foxconn profit margin has dropped to 1.5 percent, the implementation of the improvement is very limited. In the past two years, Foxconn has repeatedly, increase the wage levels of workers.

    Foxconn last pay rise, Apple foots the bill for “hardware technology research director at Barclays Capital (Barclays Capital) Asia (excluding Japan) – Yang Chao (Kirk Yang,). “In the past, Foxconn to produce an iPhone and the iPad, Apple paid Foxconn $ 8 and $ 10 respectively, but then, their prices increased by about 30%.

    Apple to assume a greater cost, to reflect a new trend – since 2010, has begun appearing. Foxconn in the number of Chinese workers after another suicide for the first time announced the pay rise, it said, has come from other parts of the technology value chain, sharing the moment of rising labor costs in China.

    Analysts at HSBC (HSBC) – Lai Huijuan, Jenny Lai, said: “At present, indeed seems to appear a new trend in the labor problem, (OEM manufacturer) customers are more willing to share the cost.”

    -Thompson, an analyst at Credit Suisse (Credit Suisse) technology industry, Wu said that the Fair Labor Association is continuing its review of Apple’s supply chain, and limited to the first three Foxconn plant, which could affect the other contract manufacturers.

    He said: “In particular, play an important role in the MacBook production Quanta (Quanta), and is responsible for the iPhone assembly operations, and large (Pegatron), are likely to face similar scrutiny.”

    Due to the global supply chain, a large share of the OEM, are done in China, a lot of money as Apple (the world’s largest market capitalization company) company, will be trembling look at the situation this week, to bring their own cost .

    Li Ka-shing admit the $ 450 million investment in Facebook (2012-03)

    “Superman,” said Li Ka-shing, 29, admit: investment Facebook4.5 billion U.S. dollars, and said-Facebook, listing up to get back the principal and the remaining will be used as long-term investment.

    Facebook, in February of this year, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission to submit the listing application documents, the official launch of the financing of $ 5,000,000,000 of the IPO. Revealed that Li Ka-shing, Facebook, was his private investment, buying, it feels good, then into the Li Ka Shing Foundation. Management of the Li Ka Shing Foundation “Superman” one-third of the property, all voted in education, health care and charity, of which 89% of the project, in the Chinese mainland and Hong Kong.

    Previously, market rumors – Li Ka-shing, 2007, to spend $ 12 million to buy 0.8% stake in Facebook,

    At that time, Facebook’s market value of $ 15 billion.

    Initiative, Li Ka-shing said, put Facebook’s costs reached $ 450 million. Facebook listed the market value of up to 100 billion U.S. dollars estimate, Li Ka-shing, holds a 3% stake, worth up to $ 3 billion, return on investment as high as 560%.

    Li Ka-shing, said he invested a lot of technology stocks, investment decisions based primarily on the future of the company, the company’s assets is greater than the value of the stock, as well as the managers whether good, responsible. As Facebook, than others to understand more, up to back the principal and other long-term holding. “He said.

    Checked the data show that Li Ka-shing, has on behalf of the individuals and foundations, investment in a number of technology companies have not yet become famous, design technology, website and mobile phone applications, including Facebook, Siri is, Spotify.

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