美国“帝国州”——纽约州

美国“帝国州”——纽约州

纽约州大熊山州立公园

纽约州 (New york — NY) 是美国中大西洋地区面积最大的一州。最初的13州之一。东南滨大西洋,东邻康涅狄格州、马萨诸塞州及佛蒙特州,北界加拿大魁北克省,西北滨安大略湖及圣劳伦斯河,隔湖、河与加拿大安大略省遥对,西临伊利湖并以尼亚加拉河与加拿大分界,南接宾夕法尼亚州及新泽西州。面积128401平方公里。面积在50州内列第30位。人口19,306,183 (2006年)。首府奥尔巴尼 (Albany)。全州精华,在纽约州东南角滨大西洋地区,其次,是沿哈得孙河谷及伊利运河的两岸。

原为阿尔衮琴族和易洛魁族的印第安人住地。1609年,亨利·哈得孙来此探险。1624年,荷兰人在奥尔巴尼,建立第一个欧洲人的永久定居点。1625年,荷兰人在曼哈顿建立殖民区,取名新阿姆斯特丹。1664年,英国占领该地区,改名纽约。1788年承认联邦宪法,为加入联邦的第11个州。

纽约州地形复杂。东北部是阿迪朗达克山脉,有全境最高的山峰马西山,海拔1629米。这条山脉十分古老,是加拿大地盾的一部分。古老的岩层受长期侵蚀,形成一系列高低、大小不同的圆顶形山头,海拔超过1200米的山头就有45座。岩层属前寒武纪,至少有10亿年之久。这一片山地在更新世内受大陆冰川挖掘,留下许多冰蚀谷,积水后成湖即冰蚀湖。山地面积1.3万平方公里,多原始森林。沿加拿大边境是圣劳伦斯-尚普兰低地,圣劳伦斯河沿岸是起伏不大的狭长平原,东部是哈得孙-莫霍克低地,为运河、铁路、公路的天然通道,可从纽约市和新英格兰直通纽约州腹地。哈得孙河以东是新英格兰高地。哈得孙河以西为阿巴拉契亚高原,占全州面积的一半。高原以北是伊利湖-安大略湖低地,气候温和,是重要的水果产地,介于滨湖低地和阿迪朗达克山脉之间的塔格山高地,气候、土壤条件不良,是州内人烟最稀少的部分。纽约州有204公里的海岸线,沿伊利湖和安大略湖有600公里的湖岸线。全州有8000个湖泊,9条主要河流。尼亚加拉瀑布是东北部主要的风景胜地,水电资源丰富。

纽约州大熊山州立公园

纽约州气候属冷温带。1月平均气温0℃以下,7月平均气温21℃。年降水量介于889~1143毫米。纽约市1月平均气温为-0.7℃;2月为-0.8℃,3月为3.3℃。7月平均气温为23℃;8月为22℃。年降水量为1063毫米。纽约州西北部冬雪很丰富。

纽约州天然森林资源很丰富。捕渔业主要在长岛以外,近年由于海水污染严重,产值逐年减少。矿产有铁、铅、锌、银、石油,但产量不多。由于建筑业极发达,砂、石块、粘土、卵石、石膏、滑石较重要。

纽约州是全国经济最发达的州,对外贸易、海运、金融业均占全国首位。农业只占全州经济收入的0.5%,主要产品有牛奶、家禽、蛋品、蔬菜、水果等。主要工业有造纸、纺织、制革、服装、机械制造、冶金、化工、食品加工等。布法罗的钢铁、汽车、面粉等工业发达,罗切斯特以制造照相器材、光学仪器和各种仪表工具著称。锡拉丘兹以生产原生金属、机械和纸品为主。尤蒂卡-罗马专门生产机器和运输设备。奥尔巴尼-特洛伊-斯克内克塔迪以造纸业最发达。宾厄姆顿生产的计算机和商用机器最有名。

纽约州水牛城拍摄的尼亚加拉大瀑布

主要国际港口有纽约港、罗切斯特、布法罗及奥尔巴尼。国际机场有8座,其中以纽约市、布法罗、锡拉丘兹3机场最繁忙。此外尚有普通机场470多座。公路网四通八达。全州有20个主要机场。

该州大专院校共有248所,著名的有:哥伦比亚大学(建于1754年)、联合大学(建于1795年〕、纽约大学(建于1831年)、科尔盖特大学(建于1846年)、福德姆大学(建于1846年)、罗切斯特大学(建于1848年)、康奈尔大学(建于1856年)、锡拉丘兹大学(建于1870年)。

别名“帝国州” (Empire State)。州花是玫瑰花 (Rose)。州鸟是蓝鸟 (Bluebird)。州树是糖枫 (Sugar Maple)。座右铭是“永远前进” (Excelsior or Ever Upward)。

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“Empire State” – New York State

Bear Mountain State Park in New York State

New York State (New york – NY) is the area of ​​the U.S. mid-Atlantic region’s largest state. One of the original 13 states. Southeast coast of the Atlantic Ocean, east of Connecticut State, Massachusetts and Vermont, Quebec, Canada, the northern boundary of the northwest coast of Lake Ontario and St. Lawrence River, across the lake, river, and the Canadian province of Ontario is the distance right, west of Lake Erie and the Niagara River the boundaries of Canada, south to Pennsylvania and New Jersey. An area of ​​128,401 square kilometers. Area in 50 states within the first 30. Population of 19,306,183 (2006). Albany (Albany). The essence of Chonju in the southeast corner of the state of New York coast of the Atlantic region, followed by the two sides along the Hudson Valley and Erie Canal.

The original the Al Dagon piano family and ease the residence of the Iroquois Indians. In 1609, Henry Hudson to this adventure. In 1624, the Dutch in Albany, to establish the first permanent settlement of Europeans. In 1625, the Dutch in Manhattan, the colonial district, named New Amsterdam. In 1664, British occupation of the region was renamed New York. 1788 recognition of the Federal Constitution, 11 states to join the Federation.

New York State with complex terrain. Northeastern Adirondack Mountains, the whole territory of the highest mountain in Massey Hill, 1629 m above sea level. This mountain range is very old, is part of the Canadian Shield. The ancient rock formations are subject to long-term erosion, the formation of a series of hills there is the level of the different sizes of dome-shaped hills, an altitude of over 1200 m of 45. The rock is Precambrian, at least one billion years. This is a mountain in the Pleistocene continental glaciers mining, leaving behind many glacial valley into a lake after the water glacial lake. Mountainous area of ​​13,000 square kilometers, more than the original forest. St. Lawrence – Champlain lowlands along the Canadian border, the St. Lawrence River along the coast is undulating strip of plain, eastern Hudson – Mohawk lowlands, the natural channel of the canal, railway, highway, from New York City and New England straight through the hinterland of the State of New York. East of the Hudson River Highlands of New England. The Hudson River west of the Appalachian plateau, half of the area of ​​accounting for the state. Plateau north of Lake Erie – Lake Ontario lowlands, mild climate, is the important origin of the fruit, between the highlands of the Tug Hill lakeside lowlands and between the Adirondack Mountains, adverse climate, soil conditions, the state populated most sparsely part. New York State has 204 km of coastline, 600 kilometers of shoreline along Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Chonju 8000 lakes, nine major rivers. Niagara Falls is major scenic resorts in the northeast, rich in hydropower resources.

Bear Mountain State Park in New York State

New York State climate is cold temperate. January average temperature of 0 ° C below the average July temperature of 21 ℃. Annual precipitation ranged from 889 to 1143 mm. New York City in January the average temperature of -0.7 ° C; February is -0.8 ° C was 3.3 ° C in March. Average temperature in July is 23 ° C; is 22 ° C in August. The annual precipitation is 1063 mm. New York State northwest of winter snow is very rich.

Natural forest resources in New York State is very rich. Fishing outside Long Island, in recent years due to serious pollution of the sea, the output value decreasing. The mineral iron, lead, zinc, silver, oil, but not much production. Due to the construction industry is very developed, sand, stone, clay, gravel, gypsum, talc is more important.

New York State is the country’s most economically developed state, foreign trade, shipping, financial sector account for first in the country. Agriculture accounted for only 0.5 percent of the statewide income, the main products such as milk, poultry, eggs, vegetables, fruits. The major industrial paper, textile, leather, clothing, machinery manufacturing, metallurgy, chemical industry, food processing, etc.. Steel, automobiles, flour and other industrially developed in Buffalo, Rochester, known for the manufacture of photographic equipment, optical instruments and tools of all kinds of instruments. Syracuse dominated the production of primary metals, machinery and paper products. Utica – Rome, specializing in the production of machinery and transport equipment. Albany – Troy – Schenectady to the paper industry is most developed. Binghamton production of computer and business machine is the most famous.

Niagara Falls, Buffalo, NY, shooting

The main international port of New York Harbor, Rochester, Buffalo and Albany. International Airport is eight, which is the busiest airport to New York City, Buffalo, Syracuse. Additionally, there are over 470 Block of ordinary airport. Highway network extending in all directions. The Chonju have 20 major airports.

The state tertiary institutions a total of 248 well-known: Columbia University (founded 1754), Union University (founded in 1795], New York University (founded 1831), Colgate University (founded in 1846 Fordham University was built in 1846), University of Rochester (1848), Cornell University (founded 1856), Syracuse University (built in 1870).

Alias ​​”Empire State” (Empire State). The state flower is the Rose (Rose). The state bird is the Bluebird (the Bluebird). The state tree is the sugar maple (Sugar the Maple). The motto is “Always Forward” (the Excelsior or Ever Upward).

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《美国“帝国州”——纽约州》有一个想法

  1. 美国纽约州州长安德鲁·科莫,27日与州议会两院领导人共同宣布了2012-2013财年预算,新预算将州政府支出增幅控制在2%以内,决定裁撤25个委员会以节省开支。

    纽约州新预算规定州政府将以科学管理方式,统筹所有文具、车辆等办公用品的购买和发放,减少浪费和重复购买;计划2012-2013财年节省开支1亿美元,今后5年内节省7.55亿美元。

    纽约州新财政预算的重点包括修缮高速公路和桥梁、建设公园、机构退休金改革和增加贫困人口援助。州长科莫说,新预算将增加纽约州就业机会,推动当地经济发展。

    On the 27th and the state leaders of the Houses of Parliament, the New York State Governor Andrew Cuomo announced the 2012-2013 fiscal year budget, new budget, state government spending growth to less than 2 percent, the decision to the abolition of the 25 committees in order to save money.

    New York State budget provides for the scientific management of state government will co-ordinate all office supplies such as stationery, vehicle purchase and payment of, reduce waste and duplication of purchase; plan 2012-2013 fiscal year savings of $ 100 million over the next five years to save 7. $ 5.5 billion.

    New York State Budget priorities include highway and bridge repair, construction, parks, institutional pension reform and increase the assistance of the poor. Governor Como said the new budget will increase employment opportunities in New York State, to promote local economic development.

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