Kinds and snuff bottles, jade, glass, jade, porcelain

Kinds and snuff bottles, jade, glass, jade, porcelain

Zodiac:

A. Sheng vessel will snuff snuff container
Two. Anatomical term anatomical term
Sheng snuff container – snuff bottle, in a nutshell, is the Sheng snuff container. Small can grip, easy to carry.
In the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, snuff into the snuffbox gradually the East had a snuff bottle. Now, people are addicted to snuff habit, nearly extinct
Snuff bottles as a kind of exquisite works of art have been handed down, focused, known as “pocket art” focus countries in the culmination of a variety of processes. Chinese snuff bottles, as the fine arts and crafts, set painting and calligraphy, sculpture, mosaic, wondering arts in a porcelain, copper, ivory, jade, agate, amber and other materials, the use of blue and white, colorful, carved porcelain, nesting, clever for internal painting and other techniques, learn the advantages of a variety of processes within and outside the Ya good as a valuable text to play, renowned at home and abroad. Chinese and foreign people cherished collection of objects.

Directory

Introduction
The origin of the snuff bottles
Snuff bottles legend
Snuff
Artistic characteristics
Snuff bottle materials
The production of snuff bottles
History of snuff bottles
Four factions inside painting snuff bottle Beijing School
Lu were
Ji School
Guangdong faction
Title home within the painting on behalf of a Ding Lei Nie
Character growth experience
Achievements and honors
Social evaluation
Event Calendar
Painted inside representatives of painting and calligraphy ink source (Zhaoqing Tian)
About the Artist
Representative works and honors
Collection and Appreciation
The identification of the secret of snuff bottles
Identification of the material quality snuff bottle
Identification of porcelain snuff bottle
Identification of jade snuff bottles
Identification of amber snuff bottle
Identification of the tourmaline snuff bottle
Artistic value
The world’s top ten most expensive snuff bottle
Snuff bottle auction turnover ranking (top 10)
Qing dynasty snuff bottles
The type of snuff bottles
About snuff bottles maintenance
The origin of the snuff bottles
Snuff bottles legend
Snuff
Artistic characteristics
Snuff bottle materials
The production of snuff bottles
History of snuff bottles
Painting snuff bottles, the four cliques
Beijing School Lu School Hebei sent Guangdong faction
Title home within the painting on behalf of a Ding Lei Nie
Character growth experience, achievements and honors, social evaluation activities Chronology
Painted inside representatives of painting and calligraphy ink source (Zhaoqing Tian)
About the Artist

Representative works and honors

Collection and Appreciation

The identification of the secret of snuff bottles
Identification of the material quality snuff bottle
Identification of porcelain snuff bottle
Identification of jade snuff bottles
Identification of amber snuff bottle
Identification of artistic value of the tourmaline snuff bottle
The world’s top ten most expensive snuff bottle
Snuff bottle auction turnover ranking (top 10)
The type of the Qing dynasty snuff bottles snuff bottle
Maintenance of snuff bottles

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Billionaires Empire is Inc., (USA) Blonde, (Westerners).
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com

Introduction
Snuff is a tobacco product, of the smoke baking, remove stem, pink, fermentation and adding spices prepared from nasal olfactory service. Snuff, 17th century period, became popular in Europe, the latter was introduced to China. China initially, there is no specially designed container, since the Qing Dynasty Emperor Daoguang’s Reign, by the intrauterine Hall of Mental Cultivation made to do at a special snuff bottle, lid containing a small thin spoon, to scoop the tobacco powder. Emperor Kangxi in the Qing made do at the manufacture of glass, copper, painted enamel and other snuff bottle, opened up a new category of arts and crafts. Qing made to do at regular snuff bottles of the workshop, glass factory, enamel for Tamatsukuri, ivory and inlaid; lid, spoon, the gold-plated for or ivory used in the preparation. Xianfeng, Tongzhi later, the government-run workshop snuff bottle made of precious materials significantly reduced, glass, porcelain products. Then a large number of products of civil workshop, the shape is more monotonous, decorative patterns, historical figures, dramatic plot, marketplace customs, and other topics. The late Qing Dynasty to appear within the painted pots, on the inner wall of the glass or crystal snuff matte, anti-painting figures, landscapes, birds and flowers, called the fine. After the 1970s, the rapid development of within the painted pots
In the world, China’s reputation, which, snuff bottles known as “snuff,” with its exquisite and extraordinary production technology, known as “the culmination of a variety of processes in a pocket-sized works of art. Snuff bottle snuff the container for the costumes, the the snuff Department of a tobacco product, the original Western thing, Ming and Qing Dynasties since Europe was introduced to China after processing and conversion after a powder herbs, smoke smell, not only with eyesight to avoid epidemic effects, smoke smell snuff in all sectors is a fad, and quickly integrated into the art style, the development of excellent and all kinds of snuff bottles, shine on the aesthetic process of the Qing Dynasty, the Qing Dynasty Art One of the important characterization.

Snuff bottles reason why attention, in addition to their own utility, but also with the gift of gifts, a status symbol, and other functions, the development since the Qing Dynasty to the present although only three hundred years of history, because of its compact, it is appropriate play, has always been in Western museums and collectors of all ages to become one of the important projects of China’s modern heritage. Snuff bottles assembled sculpture, paintings, porcelain, mosaic and other arts and crafts techniques, its precious addition to be identified from the shape, material, ornamentation, color, refined and a goodly person, correct symmetry is one of the main points of Appreciation.
National Museum of History to promote snuff bottle art, and promote the collection and research interests of all sectors of the artistic heritage, invited collectors Mr. Ye Bowen collection of snuff bottles nearly two hundred exhibitions, includes jade, glass, jade, porcelain, lacquer, crystal, bamboo, wood, teeth, metal and other materials, dazzling array of talent, through the selection of treasures on display, led the audience a taste of the aesthetic charm of the hands of curios and artistic content, so that the people once again to appreciate the delicate process of beauty.

The origin of the snuff bottles
The custom of snuff from tobacco inventor of the Indian. About the Italians in the 14th century, the selection of good tobacco, crushed into powder mixed with medicinal herbs such as mint, borneol, sealing the pit entry aging, after several years while the production of commercial snuff.
Han smell smoke snuff began in the Ming Dynasty. Little snuff imports of the late Ming, Guangdong smell smoke. The Kangxi open Boycott Western missionaries to carry a lot of snuff and the costumes snuff bottles. Snuff had become the fashion. Western nations fraction tribute snuff and glass snuff bottles, the first Portugal, followed by Britain, France and other countries. Emperor Qianlong to snuff often give tours kings and ministers, and so up and down followed snuff, gradually become a social fashion.
The snuff bottle is specifically dressed snuff use, easy to carry, the size of like a pack of cigarettes. From the surviving relics, a bronze sculpture made by Junji Cheng Rong Zhang Yunlong snuff bottle snuff bottles more than 20, the earliest and snuff bottles. Kangxi soft spot for the Western arts and crafts, he absorbed a number of Westerners familiar with the production of glass snuff and painted enamel production of snuff bottles in the Forbidden City. Snuff bottle art reached its apogee in the Qianlong once. Enjoying the collection of snuff bottles has become a trend, and poured into a snuff use to gradually followed. All the skills of traditional Chinese art: painting, calligraphy, porcelain, glazing, grinding Jade, the rule of rhinoceros, carved teeth, with carved bamboo, lacquer tick, nesting, swing Pao, inlaid gold and silver, Inlay, paste yellow, etc. in a snuff bottle. Qianlong snuff bottles became Fu fighting display the identity of things.

Snuff bottles legend
Painted inside the formation, there is an interesting legend, the Qianlong Dynasty, a local petty officials to Beijing to work, his integrity,
Official corruption, and hope to get handled in the normal way. Court officials efficiency is low, there is no bribery, despite such a long time but the thing still dragged on. Local officials Qianliang small exhausted, helpless boarding a temple of the capital, his hobby snuff addiction glass snuff bottle snuff exhausted, he would use smoke sign Qutao dig the pot wall to stick some snuff , the formation of many scratches on the inner wall, the snuff bottle an effort monk saw this monk through experiments with a bamboo stick Curved cut out the tip, dipped in ink painting pictures on the inner wall of the transparent snuff bottles, this strange painting was born.

Snuff
Snuff is a quality tobacco ground into fine powder, add luxurious ingredients such as musk or flowers, and other refined the production process is very elegant, smoke divided into five kinds: the smell of mutton, paste, acid, beans, bitter. Snuff, snuff bottles, easy to fermentation, generally sealed with wax for a few years or even decades began to sell.

Artistic characteristics

The snuff bottle is a traditional handicraft, began in the Ming Dynasty, flourished in the Qing Dynasty. Painting snuff bottles Jiaqing Dynasty Daoguang early. It is with a special micro-small hook-shaped brush, in a transparent jar to draw from. The original painting snuff bottles is the inner wall of frosted clear glass pot, because the smooth inner wall less attached to the ink and color, can only draw a few simple images and patterns: Grasshopper cabbage, dragon, phoenix and simple pen, landscapes, figures, etc. , and later, the artists who use iron ore and diamonds add water back and forth in the inside surface of snuff bottles roll mill, so that the inner wall was milky white frosted glass snuff bottles, delicate but not smooth, easily attached to the ink, the effect is like rice paper, painting snuff bottle the subsequent emergence of some of the more elaborate works, and then later developed into Poetry, Calligraphy, and Mao of art.
Snuff was introduced into China, the Chinese people first use the traditional bottle snuff in full bloom, and on this basis, the use of a variety of material and production process to improve the snuff bowl. They found that in the course of this mouth stomach bottles stored snuff is more beneficial to ensure that the snuff nor deterioration in the long-term use, and easy to carry, the style with Chinese traditional beauty, so loved by the snuff smokers. In the Qing Dynasty, China, from the emperor, down to the people smell smoke snuff is very popular. The emperor, led by the feudal nobility, luxury extremely snuff bottles they use tend to collect valuable materials, skilled craftsmen to design, manufacture. In the international arena, some collectors, snuff bottle pocket art set the culmination of the China Arts and Crafts.

Snuff bottle materials
Inner Mongolia-based technology snuff bottle silver and other metals; Liaoning rich agate, agate snuff bottle; Tibet also be mainly as metal craft snuff bottles. Able to a lot of the material produced snuff bottles, gold, copper, silver, porcelain, material, jade, coral, agate, amber, jade, crystal, wood, bamboo roots, wood stone, lacquer, gourd, stone, etc., people can be According to the respective opt for a wide selection. Snuff bottle shape bottle outside in addition to the flat, there are cicadas, elephants, lions, lotus, bell, figures, fish, chicken, Ganoderma lucidum, eggplant, candles and other shapes. Snuff bottle decorated with landscape vegetation, insects, fish, the Rui poultry Jane beast, pavilions, magpie of spring, Fung wear Peony immediately Ping, Liu Kai-100, carp gantry, cat, butterfly year after year. Text of another pot surface apartment auspicious meaning, such as “Gods”, “hi,” “no do not be to hide,” the wind to go in his hand “. Snuff bottles, small size, is a thing of the hands, easy to carry, you can always take out and admire from, and attractive.

Chinese snuff bottles focused on Chinese painting, calligraphy, sculpture, mosaic and jade, porcelain, glassware, lacquer, enamel, metal and other processes in one absorbing, since significant odd posture.

The production of snuff bottles
Snuff bottles from the material is divided into: metal, jade, organic, ceramic, glassware, painted and enamel. Snuff is the end of the grind very fine quality tobacco, mixed with musk, borneol, mint and other valuable ingredients in a sealed Lawan aging for several years and even decades made. Smoke smell smoke to relieve fatigue play a role. Qing Dynasty relics, Hsiao Ke hand, easy to carry. Department of tobacco leaves to stems, milling, fermentation and added spice to the preparation, sniffing service. Of a unique traditional crafts, painting art originated in the snuff-box. The painting within the painting is a special deformation of fine pen pot billet of glass, crystal, amber and other materials, hand-painted a nuanced picture, elegant, exquisite strokes.
Agate drift pot production into the production of snuff bottles can be regarded as fine, the most precious is its craftsmanship. Pot Although large-bore, but the walls were very thin, the teakettle things from the outside can see most definitely around before and after the the craftsmen dig bore almost the same, it is covered with lid, placed in the water, the pot does not sink. can be regarded as fine. Snuff bottles from the Atlas of Eye agate snuff bottle.
Water drift snuff bottle

History of snuff bottles
It originated in the American Indian, after Europe to the Americas adventure traveler found, back to Europe, and soon very popular. At that time, the French court, to the King, Prince, Princess, to the servants, are competing to smell smoke snuff, to move, as a kind of fashion.
Napoleon I was addicted to hi snuff enthusiasts, according to records, his monthly cost to snuff up to more than 7 pounds.
The 16th century, snuff Europe, the Philippines, Japan, Korea, was introduced to China in Northeast China, where the nomads on horseback can not use the chimney smoking. Snuff incoming is suitable they smell smoke in the wild characteristics, not afraid to throw touch, the homeless have a variety of jade, metal, bone and antler material produced snuff bottles snuff bottle with solid. According to historical records, snuff was Mongol social life plays an important role whenever guests visit the tent of the owner, the owner must bow with both hands holding
Snuff to the guests, and guests must use both hands master snuff had poured a little snuff, smoke smell on the nose for a while, and then with both hands to snuff bottles back to the master. A very small move, but full of civilized etiquette, its purpose is to establish mutual respect and trust.
Snuff and snuff bottles, not born in China, but downright exotic, soon came to China, both inside and outside the prevalence. Wang Shizhen, Jin Zu notes read: “snuff to glass bottle storage initially to foreign snuff bottles are glass, bottle form all kinds of different colors with various colors of red, yellow, Zibai black green, white such as crystal, red and homogeneous, very lovely to play, like a tooth for a key on the trunk of, well satisfied in the bottle “. However, after all, Imports, a small number of, to meet the needs of not people smart craft craftsman with a wide variety of materials to create sophisticated and snuff bottles, such as grief Tsui, precious stones, ivory, jade, porcelain, lacquer ware, aggregate, metal and other materials . More snuff-box made of precious materials, the more it can reflect the identity of the owner. China produced snuff bottles from the early 18th century, has become a popular arts and crafts, and put through the European merchants, papal envoys, diplomatic envoys and missionaries, officials gradually spread abroad. The Tsarist Russian imperial envoy to the Chinese pay homage to Emperor Kangxi, presented a large number of precious gift of the palace of Peter the Great gave clear, but the gift of Emperor Kangxi rebate per person a snuff bottle made by the royal workshops. Jiaqing period of Qing Dynasty, snuff bottles in China as the most precious gift of the state-to-state exchanges and spread to overseas fame.
Has been comment snuff bottles from the Qing Dynasty, China produced: “The tiny snuff bottle, set the essence of ancient culture and the arts in a furnace, not a Chinese art technology sets so much technology changes in a. Therefore, as early as the late 19th century European and American art collector, began to pay attention the Jicang of Chinese snuff bottles. Southeast Asia in 1989, a collection of snuff bottles of the boom so far in the ascendant, prompting the snuff bottle prices rose rapidly. April 1, 1992, John Swire & Sons Christie’s held a Chinese art auction, a Qing Dynasty Emperor Qianlong year, gold tire crane pattern of Cloisonne snuff bottle, Taiwan a high of HK $ 1.045 million The collector purchased the set a world snuff bottle auction record.

Painting snuff bottles, the four cliques
Beijing School
Today’s painting snuff bottles four factions originated in Beijing, the Beijing School of the most ancient history. Beijing is China’s Ming and Qing dynasties dynasty Royal, also painted snuff bottles in the birthplace of all trades booming talent salty set of economic and cultural well-developed, cultivated from the inside painting snuff bottle art inevitability, drawing workers who learn from the rich cultural heritage of Kyoto gradual formation of Poetry, Calligraphy, India and Mao’s Beijing art style. Beijing School painting Zhou Yue Yuan, Ma Shaoxuan, Ye Zhong representatives from the Beijing School of today’s premier, Mr. Liu Shouben.
Lu were
Lu School painters gathered in Shandong Boshan, Lu Pine the Bi Jiurong of Shandong Boshan painting art teacher Ji Qing Guangxu 16 years (1890) from Beijing back to the Boshan developed. Lu were the most distinctive is the ability to paint with the glaze on the porcelain on the inside wall of the snuffbox, then bake burn the formation of enamel painting of the inside painting snuff bottle, even if filled with water screen is also not damaged. Representative figure is painted in the Lu School the Bi Jiurong, today’s famous painting art for Mr. Li Kechang.
Ji School
Ji School is a contemporary formation, although the formation of late, however, the inner painting snuff bottle and its related industries employing the largest. The inner painting art is characterized by stained cracked fine, fine, accurate modeling, elegant painting colors and painting color techniques mimic more than one kind of painting
Picture effects, in particular, is very prominent in the creation of the portrait subject matter. Wing faction within the painting tools for the Wang Xisan first metal rods hook pen. The inner painting workers gathered in Hengshui, Raoyang most Hengshui inside painting snuff bottle practitioners. Hebei send the pedigree Wang Xi three snuff bottles of the unique characteristics of art. Melt a variety of art in one. Clever, one hundred tours tire due to small size, easy to carry and favorites to win the world favorite. Draw within only 200 years of history, this young art class has a unique charm, attracting the eyes of the audience appreciation, said absolutely. With the social development and opening up has entered the era of information networks, and enjoy the Internet to bring people stay at home everything Jieneng convenience. The inside painting snuff with this trend will be more understanding and awareness. Inner painting master Yunong Mr. creation << liangzhou song >> the wine Remanbar, want to drink lute reminder immediately Zuiwo battlefield Jun Mo laugh, ancient expedition to a few people back. “This map is a Tang painting works occupies only corner, theme characters, but the apartment complex in vegetables, mood distant, detailed and bold ink and dripping unrestrained. Screen protagonist is a mighty warrior, a handheld gleaming Long Quanjian handedly holding exquisitely carved Remanbar, facing the fragrant aroma of the wine drink, accompanied by agitation by the sound. Broad-minded, uninhibited the Warriors Zuiwo battle, the performance of the God of life and death disregard of heroic Treasures finished meaning foot. Figure drapery of brush to fill the gap, strokes, to mention strong performance by turning the mighty warrior energetic. The screen background with light and joy and ink depict in stark contrast with the meticulous and vigorous performance of the theme of character, sometimes ink dripping, sometimes dry cable fly white, highly abstract beauty.
Guangdong faction
Guangdong faction known for bright colors and decorative style, he is a young faction. The Guangdong send Shantou in Guangdong. Representative figure for Wu Songling.

Title home within the painting on behalf of a Ding Lei Nie
Character growth experience
Within the painting known as the “Seven Wonders of the” at home and abroad, “China must” is a wonderful traditional Chinese art within the painting’s creation is a superb technical skill, it is different from the outside painting: first painting in reverse order, the inner wall of anti-paintings, the outer wall can be a positive sequence; Hukou restrictions on the operation of painting and calligraphy, the inner wall painting is not easy to see the position of the pen. The basis of within the painting is not only a solid outside painting to go through rigorous training to complete a good work. It is precisely within the paintings is not easy, therefore, a fine showing, Yu Xianzhen expensive. When the crystal clear crystal snuff bottle, see Nie Lei (d) the flow of that elegant, rounded ancient calligraphic works, is so rich charm, like a fresh sap of life flowing in the pot wall of shiny, moved love will remember with affection. Look more and more sense of his calligraphy, the wind out of sleeve, life meaning, “moon in my arms,” ​​It is incredible that such a superb art is actually from the hands of a refined scholar, Houshengkewei, honesty True indeed !
Chinese art of calligraphy has a long history that began in the Shang Dynasty, and matured in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, the Jin Dynasty and Sui and Tang calligraphers men, reached its peak. Song, Yuan, Ming calligraphy followed by the Jin and Tang testimonies continue to innovate. Qing Dynasty calligraphers, advocating North monument of learning, but also fused the new style. Book in the least bit of a big jug to be able to do the careful strokes clear, stipple, but also in the guitar body, the layout aspects of ingenuity, unique, while Zoran Zichengyijia, it is a miracle of the contemporary art of calligraphy.
China draw attention to poetry, calligraphy, painting, printing, four-in-one, can be considered a complete work on a Chinese painter who do not know calligraphy means that the art of the future is dark. Decided to engage in the beginning of the painting art, determined to take book arts to flourish, it opened up one of their own art Xintiandi.
Nie Lei (d), his childhood love of calligraphy since childhood will immediately the father to practice calligraphy, and his father at the local, is a very famous calligraphers, in the strict teachings of my father 90% of Ouyang Xun’s masterpiece ” The Liquan Ming Palace “practicing gradual extension Yongzibafa, Ouyang Xun, 36 France, Huang Yuan 92 France. In the copying process of learning to avoid the cold and heat, heart copy hand chase the day pond, perseverance, not the slightest bit sloppy efforts to understanding the subtle and mystery of the regular script from understanding the true meaning of the regular script calligraphy of the European structure. Even in eating and toilet gap did not forget to practice the wrist hanging elbow, usually eat chopstick as an opportunity to practice. In the meantime, over the school, Ouyang Xun of Temple monument, Huangfu Jun monument, and the dream lay the quote, “Bu provider posts,” Zhang Han posts. Nie Lei (d) in the long-term practice, realized that: calligraphy on to a pen-shaped those times. Regular script of your static and dynamic, stipple support or opposition aspect like. If the inscriptions are innocent and naive and natural, there are emulated almost natural concrete have, then, the regular script is emulated almost natural abstraction and specification. To this end, in the school books I he object of the Act is not limited to Ouyang Xun, a set all but wide. He also learned the “Preface” of Wang Xizhi, obtaining the ethereal, high-love is far rhyme. School Yu Shinan Confucius temple monument, obtaining the ancient temple of the gas, school Chu Sui-liang’s “Wild Goose Pagoda, the holy church order” to obtaining the show fresh, agile, full-bodied natural wind. During the book creation, the center of gravity of the writing strokes with seriously and try to work hard to master the subtleties of the brush, and strive to brush to be rounded, upright, and the taboo shaped like operator. Write when efforts to make good use of the center started to write at the tip and the agencies then the round pen at. Taking into account the shape of the inside painting snuff bottle, recognize that in the creation of left to right slightly curved strokes will be lively and there are fantastic; point want to tip round pick For the tip is rather sharp bend For square and cylindrical semi-curved, hook a half straight. The flexible brush, Mo can be limited. In particular, the entire word to pen and coherent line of words written, patchwork, but has been in a line, in the case of the gas line natural permeated such as strings of pearl necklace, hope, high spirits. At the same time, he was well aware that the word external work. He full range of photos from various aspects of the study philosophy, ancient poetry, prose, rhythm, dance concept of calligraphy, to try to figure out and realize the implication of charisma and ideological talent. To this end, he a painting reflected in its deep calligraphy full of skill and accomplishment, it seems to scribble, easy and elegant, but in reality is cultured with the abundance of temper proceeds.
Achievements and honors
After nearly a decade of hard tempered, and finally to China and Europe characters between the frame structure indistinguishable from the original book in the pot, structure, neat but not stiff, close but not cramped, a pen seemingly smooth vertical and horizontal, and then a slight tilt, since close pen neat write-rounded and full, press down. Every word vivid, and trekking there Movable Type. Such as the Strategic dragon of the state, such as the goshawk Fair is not Fair, such as bird rude busy to look back, energetic, beautiful, completely within the book arts in the snuff bottles fully reflected out of this difficulty, and the art play to the limit, within the book art to the following within the painting of the Qing Dynasty famous Ma Shaoxuan another peak.
A small within the book
In recent years, Nie Lei (d) written inside the book “Thousand Character Classic”, the size of only 1 mm, the great difficulty, so far, still no one can match, called within the book is existing within the book works rarity. Other within the book works, “Preface”, “Heart Sutra”, “Yueyang Tower”, “Family Names”, “Thousand Character Classic” has been praised as “the uncanny, the book Warren. Which book lower case “Thousand Character Classic” won the Grand Prix Silver Award of the 2007 study three cups within the painting. Its cursive “Changling gradually won the grass Holy Grail” of the National Fine Arts Competition Gold Medal, the work is to load other works have also been enshrined in the Chinese Painting and Calligraphy Tibet Code, International calligrapher Complete Works of Chinese artists, boutique ceremony ” Code set. China hot spot “and published in the” People’s Pictorial newspapers. The income of their biography “World Who’s Who”, the world figure Ci Hai “,” the world’s outstanding experts talent Code. I have been awarded the “twenty-first century well-known Chinese painting and calligraphy artists”, “Contemporary Chinese Painting and Calligraphy Artists,” one hundred works of the most collectible value artists, Chinese contemporary calligraphers Artists Village backbone People “and other honorary titles. Collectors at home and abroad enjoy a high reputation. By the extensive attention of many collectors and art lovers.
Social evaluation
In every generation there is talent out. Within the painting is now included in the national first batch of intangible cultural heritage, won the Alliance and UNESCO outstanding handicrafts badge certification, painted inside of this great national art history has entrusted both to inherit and must develop the mission, inherited only development, development is the best inheritance. Nie Lei (d) as one of the best, high aspirations, power suffer the same cast, Deyi and spiritual development, ongoing artistic exploration within the book! I believe that within the book arts world will be more broad.
Event Calendar
1996 works won first prize at the first Beijing Tourism Painting and Calligraphy Competition
A small painted inside literary works (27) 1997 works have been enshrined in Chinese painting and calligraphy Tibet Code 1998 work is enshrined in the Chinese Painting and Calligraphy The Complete Works of Hebei Province Light Industry Department in 2001 as the 2003 works of Hebei Folk Arts and Crafts home is loaded Chinese artists fine ceremony, “works in the National Fine Arts Competition of the first Chinese painting, the painting home Rong won the second prize in 2007 cursive” Changling gradually won the grass Holy Grail “of the National Fine Arts Competition Gold Medal in 2004, works to be contained into the Contemporary Strength calligraphy and painting masterpiece Code Library by the Organizing Committee of the permanent collection. 2007 the year the book lower case “Thousand Character Classic” won “three cups of learning” within the painting of the Grand Prix Silver. 2008 was awarded the honorary title of “Chinese contemporary calligraphers Artists Village core figure of” 2009 was awarded one hundred works of most value to the collection Artist the year 2010 book “Heart Sutra” by the “three cups of learning” within the painting Grand Prix Bronze. 2010 deeds Hengshui Municipal Propaganda Department of the load the Hengshui cultural celebrities in 2011, six works appeared in the “inner painting books about 2011, some entries will be selected within the painting art

Painted inside representatives of painting and calligraphy ink source (Zhaoqing Tian)
About the Artist
Zhaoqing Tian, ​​pen ink source, Zhaizhu Zen sea of ​​ink, Chinese arts and crafts masters, domestic painting artist, an expert member of the World Health Organization UNESCO World Intangible Heritage in domestic painting and art heritage of people, one of the leaders of good character, portraits, landscapes, flowers, birds, fruits, vegetables, animals.
1962 born in King County, Hebei Province, by the influence of the father of Confucianism, his childhood love of calligraphy, painting, Junior taught painter Mr. Ma Shufang learning traditional Chinese painting, Western painting techniques of drawing, color, etc. in the county cultural centers and art classes to learn laid a solid foundation for painting and calligraphy.
1979 graduated from high school into the Hebei Normal University, Department of Fine Arts to study learning in China Radio Advertising Art Department, after Mr. Bai Gengyan taught by the famous painter of the post-doctoral mentor at the Tianjin Academy of Fine Arts. After graduation, work in Changzhou City, People’s theater publicity Koren film advertising designer, after transferred Hengshui Cultural Affairs Bureau of Advertising interior designer.
1985 Professional in calligraphy and painting within the painting artistic creation and research and dynasties famous painting and calligraphy, Wang Xizhi, young boy, Liugongquan, Mi Fu, Yen Chen-ching, Chen Lao Lin, Ren Bonian, yellow are, wearing Dun help, LIU Kui age range, Huang Zhou, etc. rubbings, copy of the painting years of study on the formation of their own unique style, and founder of the Art Gallery Painting and Calligraphy Club, a sea of ​​ink, a sea of ​​ink Realm of culture and art media studio, trained a group of paintings, painting art talent. Many works have participated in domestic and international Art Exhibition, the same year, affected by the inner painting founder Mr. Wang Xisan, Mr. Wang Qian, Mr. Wang Guanyu as large as Mr. Cloud’s guide, start internal painting artistry of painstaking research, financial Chinese and Western techniques of a furnace, a wide genre of his works, the style is elegant and beautiful, poetry, calligraphy and painting as a whole, the picture vivid distant charm, emotions overflowing, all of which show the artist’s perception of nature, life, life pristine, as the moon The Spirit of Zen. Arts community known as the collection industry has a rare appreciation potential strength of the painter, pour the book first.
Representative works and honors
Began in 1994 to accept the invitation of the China International Painting and Calligraphy Association and the North American Pacific International Arts Development Co., Ltd., attended the Austrian Australia, the United States, the Canadian International Dragon Boat Art Festival, the U.S. Pacific International Exposition, its participation within the painting, calligraphy and paintings by high evaluation of domestic and foreign artists, was awarded the Principal Arts Award, and a number of works by national collectors collection. Works of participating on behalf of IOC President Juan Antonio Samaranch want peace, “Peace Spring” land so rich in “Gods,” “Autumn Great Wall” Guanyin “” Deng Xiaoping met with Margaret Thatcher ” portraits. The same time, the local media, “World News”, “Sing Tao Daily, Ming Pao” in Chinese and English TV “new era”, “City”, “TVPORBC are doing a special interview with reports. September 11, 1996, the portrait of Deng Xiaoping, “IOC president Juan Antonio Samaranch,” the founding ceremony of the “Chairman Mao Goes to saddle source” overseas Chinese writers and artists organizing committee awarded century youth painting and calligraphy artist boutique The exhibition is awarded for Art Excellence Award. June 24, 1996, “Yan’an carol” Long March Red Road, “paintings by the Beijing International Fine Photography Art Fair Organizing Committee awarded Special Arts Award. January 8, 1997 “Great Wall of China paintings Chinese Academy of arts and culture jury awarded the Principal Arts Award. October 12, 1997 “Nostalgia” “Big Love” paintings by the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles, the Hong Kong Academy of Fine Arts Organizing Committee awarded the Art of Excellence. February 18, 1998, the paintings of the North Snow map Zhongyuan International Art Fair Organizing Committee awarded the Excellence Award. June 11, 1998, “Jason Jiang love map” paintings by Sun Bin Cup International Calligraphy and Painting Exhibition Organizing Committee awarded the art’s highest honor. 2006, exhibitors have “organized by the Chinese Ministry of Culture, the National Tourism Administration China International Folk culture and art exchange traveling exhibition, the exhibits were appraised by experts of the United Kingdom, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland and other countries. At the same time London, UK national BBC TV, “News of the World”, “The Sun” and other local news media gave a special interview and reports. Works of Chinese emperors like “Mao Zedong calligraphy, and the heads of state portrait piece collectors. Over the years, works in the Chinese film international auction “Hanhai Collection auction” Beijing Oriental the Deja International auction “the invitation of the company’s auction, has been enshrined in the Chinese folk who’s who”, “Chinese contemporary art world celebrity record, “” Who in the World “,” Strait calligraphy celebrity Dictionary “, is now Hebei province, the world UNESCO WHO expert academic committee awarded the” World Health Organization UNESCO expert members of the “Chinese Arts” Arts and Crafts home “,” Hebei Province, master of arts and crafts, members of the Institute of Chinese Arts and Crafts home, the China Folk Art Research Association, the Chinese Artists Association, China Calligraphers Association, the Chinese Literature and Art Association Painting Arts Council members, while he served as the Central Plains Painting and Calligraphy Institute is appointed as the Unit of Vice Minister.
The Zhao Qingtian within paintings

Collection and Appreciation
Snuff is exotic, but snuff bottle is authentic Chinese invention. The Ming Dynasty, snuff from abroad, a large influx of our country in general is loaded with a large glass, weight ranging from four 2 to a pound. People to carry and taking convenience, generally to snuff on Sheng drug vials. To the early years of the Qing Dynasty, people taking snuff wind Sheng, began to appear hardwoods, precious metals, precious wild horn produced snuff bottles. Since China is a multi-ethnic country, Manchu, Mongolian and other minority wild life for a long time, so the requirements of the snuff bottle must be durable, emphasizing practicality. This is also an important feature of the early snuff bottles. As time goes on, snuff gradually by the development of real products as crafts and enjoy the goods. The heyday of the Qing Dynasty Emperor Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong three dynasties snuff bottle production. The origin of the Qing Dynasty, snuff bottles mainly in Beijing, Guangzhou, Liaoning, Tibet, Inner Mongolia, its production process go from simple to complex, from coarse to fine, from plain to add color, plus the carving process. The snuff bottle is generally medium and small three categories, to full Bazhua the body of light thin shell of varying. The material quality of the crystal, jade, jade, agate, ivory, rhino horn, horn, coral, enamel, porcelain, copper, glass and other materials. Processing within the painting, relief, incised, carved, chromatography, etc.. It can be said that the snuff bottle is a master of Chinese calligraphy and painting, sculpture, mosaic and jade, porcelain, enamel, lacquer art, craft.

Snuff bottle made of glass, to a maximum. Glass snuff bottle, also known as material snuff. Clear Kangxi invented one kind of nesting production process to other colors of red, blue, black, white, or lotus root starch on the ground, then put on. Two colors of red, blue, white, set to become red, blue, green, black color, this set, also known as a single set. Another overlapping sets of law, such as red on white ground red sets of blue. Nesting snuff bottle Emperor Kangxi and Qianlong dynasties produced high quality goods, the 1950s and 1970s, there are also fine appear. For example, Sotheby’s, the auction will be introduced in the spring of 1995, a late Qing white, Tao Hong goldfish and small Bird glass snuff bottle, HK $ 120,750 asking price; 1997, the introduction of a Qing Dynasty glass tire painted enamel snuff The pot went so far as to HK $ 1.67 million deal.
China is big country of porcelain, porcelain snuff bottle is also very popular, and they are many. Porcelain snuff bottle Qianlong year manufacturing for top grade. Drawing Grasshopper pattern porcelain snuff bottle Qing Dynasty. Also very expensive. Porcelain snuff bottle many different types of three-color snuff bottles, blue and white snuff bottles, snuff bottles of the red color and enamel snuff bottle.

Agate snuff bottle prolific Liaoning, Liaoning agate produced more. Onyx is a precious minerals, and therefore the color of the agate snuff bottle above the carved patterns beautiful, loved by collectors. The Guardian 1996 Spring Auction will be sold in an agate carving Ghostbuster snuff bottles, were sold for $ 68,000 RMB.

Enamel According to records introduced into China from the Qing Emperor Kangxi, therefore, a lot of artistic value of the Qing dynasty enamelled snuff bottle. Sotheby’s auction in the spring of 1995, shoot a copper tires painted enamel floral pattern snuff bottles, the price of HK $ 48,300. In addition, because the production of jade is a very old history, exquisite workmanship, jade snuff bottles from the more beautiful. Jade snuff bottle production began in the Qing period. If it is found early in this period and snuff bottles, generally counterfeit. Jade snuff bottle of the style up, pots of various shapes can be described as the ever-changing, melon, fruit, pear, peach, fish, cicadas, turtles and other type is very common. Jade snuff bottles, as well as a significant feature, is the choice of emerald, tourmaline and other stones to do the lid, which also makes the more valuable jade snuff bottle. Guardian 1996 Spring Auction launched one, clear Daoguangnianjian white pigment snuff bottle and smoke dish, the transaction price of RMB $ 70,000, the other with topaz engraved poetry snuff bottle of Daoguangnianjian price RMB280, 000.

In addition to several materials described above snuff bottles, snuff bottles of amber, marble, walnut, hyacinth, purple sand and other materials produced, including the lack of quality. The snuff bottle is a big family, collection should be gradual and not be greedy, because, who have all kinds of snuff bottle collection of Qi. The collection is a never regret behavior, bitter, and also very tired. When your collection to an art and snuff bottles, in the face of the hands of Treasure, the mood is certainly not the same tired previously hard to find an instant without a trace.
The identification of the secret of snuff bottles
Many snuff bottle material, material quality, porcelain, jade, jade quality, metal quality, gem quality, general connoisseurs only some material snuff bottles from the research, know how to jade smoke pot and porcelain snuff bottle, jade and precious stones snuff may not be able to recognize, and so should be categorized in the identification of snuff bottles, one by one study.

Gu Yue Xuan enamel snuff bottle (Fenghua system)
Identification of the material quality snuff bottle
Materials, namely glass today. The glass itself is not expensive, your material quality snuff bottle is in the work. The most wonderful work to “Gu Yue Xuan Cai”, followed by a Western production of colored glass. The kind of white, such as crystal, red and homogeneous, yellow, such as steamed chestnut, blue, such as precious stones, green, such as jade, glass, is a valuable list. The material burned in the inner court of the Qing Dynasty Beijing snuff, called Guanliao snuff bottle. The Kangxi Guanliao is already rather fine, they imitate the natural ore or semi-precious stones, the color is almost the real thing. Officer material but also imitation agate, amber, jade and white tallow, texture, moisture and shining. Gu Yue Xuan feeders, produce up to Qianlong. Kangxi, Yongzheng, but a smaller number. Jiaqing later disappeared. Identification of ancient snuff bottles Xuan material the key is: Where Gu Yue Xuan stacker section (word Ming enamel writing, firing raised). In addition, we must apply the enamel glaze and enamel. Frit of the Qing Dynasty, the material enamelled cloisonne enamel painting on glass roasting. The material in painted enamels in Qing Dynasty, Qianlong when the specialty, more than a small flat round, whole body painted flower pattern, and some add the book Kyrgyz language text, but rarely painted landscapes. Floral pattern thin complicated for the top grade, color Xianrun have a level Do not scratch or peel off the traces. Qianlong year are four-character inscription, the blue material the book FangSong Qian body is very neat, imitation goods is difficult to achieve.

Porcelain body snuff bottle
Identification of porcelain snuff bottle
Snuff bottles, porcelain by most during the Kangxi reign onwards, until the end of Qing Dynasty, the emperor all manufacturing porcelain snuff bottle, But still the Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong reigns in the system the best. Kangxi period, the first firing of the blue and white porcelain snuff bottle, with the beads out materials, bright colors, now save very little. Yongzheng period of the blue underglaze red kiln snuff bottle tires thin glaze of fresh blue and white snuff bottle pulp tire burning more creative, and the carcass young thin. Focus on the three-dimensional sense of strong enamel snuff bottle Qianlong, achievements overshadowed by the blue and white. The Jiaqing the Guanyao spend snuff bottle production is not your odd glaze blue and white, but can not compare so well when carved porcelain snuff bottle. Dynasty, when most of kilns firing porcelain snuff bottles, the number of more focused pastels. A lot of floating blue and white color, uneven thickness, glaze and the matrix binding tight. The kilns snuff bottle most of the no hedge against inflation. Jiaqing to Xianfeng, Emperor Guangxu period, shape, decoration and themes, etc. Most of plagiarism early, creative indeed small.

Internal painting works
Identification of jade snuff bottles
Jade Class snuff bottle material bubble. Glass materials and loose spices to create the false jade snuff bottle, lack of sense of weight, color wither less distinctive, poor transparency, there is no “aura” at all. The case of the glass frit, and rubbing the surface, will find expensive, fluff. Tsui quality of the jade snuff bottles are the most expensive, as the “emerald”, that is dark green texture Ying net emerald. Followed by boxwood green, the color is slightly yellow and green. Once again, spinach green, green like spinach.
Agate snuff bottle identification identification agate snuff bottle to observe the fake often the color of agate infected with bright red or other bright colors. Confusion, false agate snuff-box pattern like mixed paint, and over-smooth, not bright. False agate snuff-box hardness, and more impurities and defects. To prevent fake agate into the electric furnace using high temperature to burn out the “red”, this red agate called “red-hot agate.
Identification of amber snuff bottle
To observe the texture is dense, if the soft texture is easy Daoke ornaments, mostly fake amber. On the market containing the veneer insect amber snuff bottle is made of man-made; amber is really quite small animals, mostly missing head missing foot.
Identification of the tourmaline snuff bottle
Tourmaline snuff bottles, mainly to see the texture, tourmaline ribbon change more vertical lines on the crystal surface, those who share, expensive, internal color uniformity, Cotton Willow “shaped body, high level of transparency. Some tourmaline snuff bottles containing cloudy, uniform color is not fresh, not bright, the case of defective. Qing Dynasty Empress Dowager particularly fond of tourmaline, and sometimes widely popular, the price is increasing. After the death of the Empress Dowager, the identity of the tourmaline plummeted.

Artistic value – the world’s top ten most expensive snuff bottle
Relevant experts believe that the view from the current development situation, the snuff bottle appreciation of space immeasurable. Snuff bottle expert for recognition
, The price of the snuff bottle or less, some water, just one of the boutique, there is room for appreciation, therefore, investment snuff bottles from boutique start.

The creation of the auction record for Qing Emperor Qianlong enameled western figures Figure snuff bottle, painted the main figure in the extremely rare translucent material tire translucent enamel, the opening and the surrounding opaque enamel, the effect is particularly prominent. Forbidden City in Beijing, you can see a similar shape but a different picture of the material tire snuff bottle, and has been the snuff bottle collection famous LiuWenChoo Fu Bao Dai, Hugh Moss, collection.

After a fine snuff bottles sold for high prices for similar varieties with good driving effect. 2004 Wonderland – J & J snuff bottle collection in the first part of the auction, the crystal one of the late Qing Dynasty painting the Shouson portrait snuff bottle (Ma Shaoxuan section), HK $ 1,743,750, creating a single painting snuff bottles of the world record. In the second part of the auction, the other a crystal of Ma Shaoxuan painting portraits of snuff bottles, the transaction price of more than 129 million.

The experts said, snuff bottles in the mainland market was not yet popular, there are many reasons. Due to historical reasons, the antique collection market in the Mainland, snuff bottles to be regarded as a more common antiques, especially in the collection on the market, too many common varieties, resulting in the visual fatigue of the general investors. It is noteworthy that, snuff bottles in the investment field, the real value or quality. For ordinary investors can start with the Christie’s and Sotheby directory to start to understand what is a snuff bottle boutique, in order to guide their investment.

Snuff bottle auction turnover ranking (top 10)

Ranking name price (million) auction time auction

1 – Qing Emperor Qianlong enameled Western Figures snuff bottle 550 2005.3.30 New York Christie’s

2 – Beijing Office was Qianlong famille rose copper tire snuff bottle (Ladies) 393 2005.4.1 Sotheby

3 – Qing Emperor Kangxi Imperial system a copper body painting the enamel Lianchi Figure snuff bottle 270 2005.3.30 Christie’s New York

244 2004.4.25 4 – Qing Emperor Qianlong enamel peony, white material, kingfishers, snuff bottles, Christie’s Hong Kong

5 – Qing Emperor Qianlong, Gu Yue Xuan snuff 242 2000.5.6 Tianjin Cultural Relics

6 – Qing Emperor Qianlong copper tire enamel painting Western painting landscape Figure snuff bottle 241 2002.4.29 Christie’s in Hong Kong

7 – Qianlong material enamelled plum blossom shaped gourd snuff bottle 236 2005.3.30 New York Christie’s

8 – copper body of the Qing Emperor Qianlong painted enamel Figures snuff bottle 217 2005.3.30 New York Christie’s

9 – Qing Qianlong ivory landscape with figures snuff bottle 198 2005.3.30 New York Christie’s

10 – Qing Emperor Qianlong copper tire painting the Wufu figures snuff bottles 189 2004.4.25 Hong Kong Christie’s.

Qing dynasty snuff bottles
The development of snuff bottles throughout the history of the Qing Dynasty, the true concentration of China’s traditional culture. Snuff bottles in the Ming Dynasty introduced from outside, but the Qing Dynasty, China produced a lot of material and snuff bottles, its volume are of different sizes, style is a wide range and large like a small vase, only inches I, made of porcelain, jade, agate, bluing, wood, bamboo, ivory, Beijing is the production of a large number of glass snuff. Snuff bottles, suggests that it is in full bloom snuff containers. Snuff bottles, although the compact, but a variety of shapes, each period has its own unique shine. Snuff bottles in general shape is to have a small mouth, easy to read inside dug bore, bore the bigger the better. Snuff bottles are mostly like the bread-shaped cover, carved for the best under the hood, the texture of ivory or wood, a small shovel for shovel snuff. Mouth small bore, years earlier, good quality, high value. For example: agate snuff pay attention to bore thin tires, commonly known as “Gone with the Wind”. To the late Qing Dynasty jade snuff bottle has an oral small, no neck, bore straight up and down, often called “a bore drilled, this snuff-box at the bottom of non-ring-foot, only a small flat. Snuff bottles, the main material is made of glass, a dominant position, raw materials, mostly from Shandong BOSHAN buy, Beijing processing, a variety of color, monochrome material, variegated material, is a plain material’s more As early as the varieties of color, the less the mid-Qing Dynasty not only a variety of colors, as well as chromatic snuff-box, divided into sets of monochrome materials snuff and multicolor nesting snuff, there are two main techniques: one is the two-color different sets of monochrome material together burn, and then carved on the outside of this layer; the other is the direct use of semi-molten pigment pattern in the womb. Regardless of what kind of tactics have the effect of convex carving, stereoscopic, the latter the most widely used techniques in the middle and late Qing Dynasty. Common sets of three-color set of colored, most sets of nine colors. Set of nine pigment snuff I had seen in the learning process, the outer wall of the snuff bottle carved with nine different colors Chi Tiger, fine carving, especially Chi Tiger back of the knife clean on the back light fine incised lines on making the nine dragons tigers vivid three-dimensional sense of strong, its artistic value far more than practical value. Really good quality snuff bottles are often no longer in use, mostly become collectibles, or valuable hands plaything, used to enjoy its production process, or as gifts as well.

Snuff bottle collection process, first of all have to learn some of the snuff bottle theoretical knowledge to understand the history of snuff bottles, and then classify their material, focusing on collection of one material or several materials, less Favorites difficult to preserve the material, such as: coconut shell or gourd. According to age of collection, such as material snuff, you can follow the history of the Qing Dynasty collection, making the series.

The type of snuff bottles
Snuff bottle-type range, the pattern of the rich, extensive material, the process of Bo miscellaneous, resulting in its varieties is difficult to provide detailed, classified materials.

Feeder snuff bottles, the glass in our previous title. The feeder snuff bottle has its own unique benefits, in addition to not leak, is not wet, but also see Sheng snuff weight, fineness, and therefore very popular. The feeder snuff bottles do not win in texture, known to work. Its quality glass, able to mimic the colors and name quality and vivid, extremely lively, such as Venus material, spent material, realgar and all kinds of imitation precious stones and other materials.

Snuff bottles produced in the feeder, the most famous process when pushing the “nesting”, also called “color”, decorated with red, blue and other colored pigments in the lotus root starch on the ground and cut to ground into a different pattern, deposited with the class color color flow. Nesting techniques, there are two, one is over the set of tire color of another pigment in the feed tire, and then carved pattern on the color of jacket material; another pigment by heating a semi-molten stick directly in the womb, do the pattern. The nesting process is very convex carving effect. Nesting sets of color and multicolor set of points, by the colors of the transform to use, made of colorful material objects, then, the most famous nesting the symplectic home skin “,” Le home skin “,” Yuan home skin “. Sim family system nesting pearl with quality clear scenery clean. The Le family system to win the lotus root starch, color, quality, such as snow and ice; Yuanjiazao skin is similar to the and symplectic home skin. Feeder snuff bottles produced a complex process, called glass enamelled, about cloisonne enamel painting on glass, after calcination is into. The process milky white glass enamel effect especially the quality of color of the enamel background. Particularly difficult due to both melting point close to the firing, the technical challenges are considerable.

According to the previous record, the Qing Dynasty feeder snuff bottles produced a number of Gu Yue Xuan famous, and its production Handicraft, painting beautifully carved, and engraved with the inscription, was the Qiaohuo.

Porcelain snuff bottles, porcelain snuff bottle, porcelain body snuff bottles. From the Kangxi to the late Qing Dynasty more than two centuries, porcelain enamel rests with Jiangxi Jingdezhen tires shipped to the capital by the court painter tempera firing, other varieties can be fired by the Jingdezhen independent. Qing Dynasty porcelain industry is well developed, the type of porcelain snuff bottle is also very complete, what blue and white, fighting color, pastels, and Red and so on porcelain snuff bottle everything. Here again mentioned Gu Yue Xuan. It is said that the Qing Dynasty porcelain snuff bottles produced the most refined to the number of Gu Yue Xuan. Gu Yue Xuan what has always been different opinions. Some people say that it is one in Qing Xuan name, some people say that it is located in the Old Summer Palace in future generations have a number of visits, were not reflected in its track, it was said, it is the Qing court collection of ancient porcelain boutique where, but also Some say it is on behalf of that Xinghu painter, Qianlong Tour Jiangnan reflected in its own small workshop system exception exquisite porcelain and snuff bottles, they put their back to the capital, specifically to deal with the imperial kiln, the name is still using its Suzhou the old name, “Gu Yue Xuan”. Said, Gu Yue Xuan porcelain body painted enamel abnormalities fine, slightly raised enamel glaze material tire, meticulous painters, colorful, elegant inscription by master, so bookish Smirnov, a lot of porcelain painter Kim Sung paragraph, in addition, many The court painter, is also involved in the production.

Jingdezhen, the famous painter Chen Guozhi expertise in porcelain snuff bottle painted, one hundred of its work subgraph, ladies, fruits, vegetables, etc., are beautiful and fresh, and the person at home and goes.

Qing Emperor Kangxi, copper fetal painting enamel snuff bottle, very fond of France where Limoges enamel ware, Qing Communication Arts Office was invited to France by the French missionary enamel craftsmen to the production of painted enamel snuff bottle, due to the Qing Dynasty palace craftsmen who make people amazing imitation of force, but also with the spirit of innovation, in the later years, painted enamel increasingly sophisticated skills to shine in the production of snuff bottles.

After immersion of the copper material with a special solution, to remove impurities, wash, made of copper tire enamel glaze, and then, on finishing. Dissolved copper in the glaze plus, fired after a brilliant golden color; if added to dissolve the silver, it will produce a pale flowing brocade-like artistic effects. The background of the painting enamel ware is mostly dark blue, black or yellow. In outline, with thick black lines painted on the prominent theme and profile to make the contrast more strongly. Throughout the production process to maintain absolute cleanliness, or after the firing of the finished product will be defect.

In addition, there are gold, silver tire painted enamel.

Jade snuff bottle jade production to peak in the Qing Dynasty jade snuff bottle production is of course also very exquisite. Qianlong period, mid-and Tian Meiyu endless stream brought into the palace, jade also use a lot of very good material for the production of jade snuff bottle, especially small and rounded Ember, moist and delicate, snow-white, it is snuff pot heaven-sent material. The craftsmen use of materials clever add, or so arts facilities, cut into the natural with the shape of things, or clever shipped ingenuity, will be carved into all kinds of fruits, fish and insects, lively and lovely.

Kinds of precious stones snuff bottle Qing Dynasty Queen snuff bottles produced material is extremely strong, so any precious material, and can be use. Ruby and sapphire, coral, agate, amber, crystal, tourmaline, lapis, wood stone, pearls and other valuables, have become the raw materials of the snuff bottles, strange idea, by the superior skills of the craftsmen who carefully crafted, true can be described as priceless. Legend of the Qing Dynasty, there was a very expensive pearl snuff is made from digging with a large natural pearl belly.

The most precious stone class Snuff Bottles Stone snuff bottle, side stone pot. Already in the Tang Dynasty, Zhaoqing Duan hear the world. Zhaoqing, ax to the mountain Song pits, plum pits, puddles, etc., are the Tang and Song era old crater, its texture, moisture solid texture and beautiful, in fact, able person.

Lacquer snuff bottle lacquer snuff bottle with flat carving, carving, and Cai Qi, and the mosaic floor, carved at the species, its color, Zhu Hongyan Korea, China and the United States color.

Ivory carved snuff bottle snuff bottles materials such precious and the process is also very particular, use more of the depth of relief and Carved exquisitely carved, sometimes imposed painted, and even more gorgeous.

Gourd snuff bottle gourd has always been used to charge its unique and interesting; The snuff-box style of simple, humble and interesting phenomena, generally inlaid with gold, silver at its base and mouth, to prevent wear and tear.

Bamboo, wood carving, root carving, snuff bottles such snuff bottles produced along its natural and applied arts, with the shape, Mayans Qiaodiao, style simple, natural, vivid.

Internal painted pots

Painted inside pot feeder, crystal texture. Because of their number and influence, here, are listed separately as a class. Beijing Snuff Bottles museum’s collection donated by the elegance Masters

Maintenance of snuff bottles
Collection snuff bottle your fine, fine rather not abuse; acquisition of snuff bottles, not to unreasonably high prices should wait for the opportunity, can not be hurried.

A jade snuff bottle afraid of sweat, alkali, afraid of ammonia. Especially the “old crater glass” and “ice” avoid grease, jade snuff bottle Therefore, do not put nearly fume, nor the sun. 2, each playing snuff bottles, the application of soft white cloth wipe test, can not use any chemical cleaners or detergent like scrubbing.

Indoor spraying air fresheners, hairsprays, insecticides, we first snuff bottle collection is good, do not stick splash.

4, pots pores or texture delicate, such as turquoise snuff bottle, avoid near fumes or steam. Smoking is also not close to this type of snuff bottle to prevent the turquoise color from blue to gray-green. Do not snuff bottles on the high humidity. Under high humidity, turquoise snuff bottle will become pale.

Valuable Qing Dynasty, snuff bottles are not suitable for exposure to strong sunlight, because the infrared will lead to the snuff bottle internal humidity increases, the molecular activation of molecules within the solution, the internal stress, cracking or warping; ultraviolet light can damage the inner painted snuff bottle color. To this end, snuff bottles should be placed on the isolated place with natural light, to avoid strong light, ultraviolet light or sunlight tube. The best glass-fronted cabinets to be placed in a plexiglass.

Identification of the snuff bottle pros and cons of a steep learning curve. Qing dynasty connoisseur Zhao Ruzhen in the identification of snuff bottles, “a book: the identification of antiques, pay attention to two points, one Bianqi authenticity; First, identify their advantages and disadvantages. First determine the authenticity, then identification their advantages and disadvantages, which is the routine procedure of identification of objects. methods of identification of all antique objects, without exception, are but only the identification of snuff bottles, the situation is different, it only needs to identify the qualitative pros and cons would be sufficient. do not have to research its authenticity is about the luxury of snuff, complete look at the abilities of the snuff material and workmanship thickness, but has nothing to do with the era and the production of the master. material if indeed Rare workmanship and Kit Kat when produced, or whether it comes from the hands of the Who, is also a top grade. ordinary material, general workmanship, even if the Kangxi, Yongzheng made, the Queen of Kangxi, Yongzheng Emperor, not worth material can not be pseudo-charge, but the laborers are difficult to conceal. forged not get a good price, they can not fool the world, so the fake snuff, nothing, which makes counterfeit snuff bottles also extremely rare, even if occasional, it is genuine days hanging septa special, anyone can tell the difference it is for these reasons, the authenticity of the snuff, do not have to pay great attention; identify snuff examine its pros and cons on the line. ”

Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.Of U.S.A.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
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(U.S.A.) Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com

Snuff was introduced into China, the Chinese first use of traditional medicine bottles, full bloom snuff, later, a variety of material and production process of agate, ceramics, ivory, perfect snuff bowl, this bowl was known as snuff bottles. Chinese snuff bottles produced considerable stress, coupled with chased with a delicate pattern.

For the appreciation of the snuff bottles from the late Ming to the reign of Emperor Kangxi, very popular, until today, the ancient Chinese snuff bottles, is still the love of many antique collectors. So far, four hundred years of history. Spring icehouse wild multiplier, “said Sun Shiyi met in Qianlong, gave the emperor a snuff bottle, and Shen On the way, to ask him, he was unwilling to give. Later, and Shen directly to the Emperor able to obtain, we can see: Shen of the power of old.

Painting snuff bottles four factions: Lu School (on behalf of People: Zhang Guangqing), Ji School (representative of: Xisan), Beijing school (representative figure: Liu Shou), Guangdong send (on behalf of People: Wu Songling).

Modern internal painting snuff bottle made important contributions to the cable Zhenhai combine, he will be content and within the painting techniques of the external painting within the painting’s creation to open a new world.

Zodiac, is an important part of Chinese traditional culture, composed of 12 kinds of animals used in nature, namely, rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, chicken, dog, pig, and legend in the Long used to record the year in order for the offspring, ugly cow, Yin Tiger, Mao Rabbit, Chen Long, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, Rooster, rooster, dog and Hai Pig. Widely used in Chinese cultural circles. There are a lot of description of the Zodiac literature. At the same time, the Zodiac has also been used in traditional Chinese medicine herbs and cartoon name.

Price: Each of $ 100,000 (= 100,000); or six million yuan (= 6,000,000);

《Kinds and snuff bottles, jade, glass, jade, porcelain》有4个想法

  1. 华府-美国中国贸易全国委员会(US-China Business Council)日前公布年度报告指出,自2000年以来,美国对中国出口的成长幅度高达542%
    美国同期对世界其他国家的销售,仅增加80%。目前,除美国邻国暨自由贸易伙伴加拿大和墨西哥以外,中国已成为美国出口商品的最大买主。

    报告中说:“对中国的出口,对于美国的经济,以及为美国劳工创造良好的就业机会,具有关键的作用。”

    商业周刊(Businessweek)报道,中国去年,对美国的采购,即成长13.1%,并以1039亿元,首次打破1000亿元的纪录。报告指出,目前,全美国有 30个州,把中国列为三大优先的出口市场;
    自2000年以来,有48个州,对中国的销售,出现三位数字的惊人成长幅度,远超过美国对世界上其他国家的出口。
    在过去两年,有十个州,对中国的出口,至少以倍数增加。

    以阿拉斯加州为例,去年,对中国出口销售14亿元,超过该州对其他任何国家的销售,其中,最大宗的出口,为海产食品,其次,是矿产和森林产品。
    俄勒冈州对中国销售16亿元的电子和电脑产品,中国是该州最大的出口市场。

    华盛顿州出口40亿元的运输设备至中国,中国并已成为该州最重要的市场。
    德州销售39亿元的化学产品,中国目前为该州三大市场之一。
    美国中国贸易全国委员会在报告中指出,整体而言,中国最常采购的产品,以农产品、化学、电脑、电子和运输设备为主。

    中国对美国的采购直线上升;仍持续对美国销售更多东西,造成较大的贸易逆差,贸易赤字并在去年达到2720亿元。

    中国商务部长陈德铭日前已表示,中国向全球提供价廉物美的生活必需品,中国国内零售业销售业绩的年成长率,由16%,增至18%,高于经济成长速度。陈德铭指出,中国在未来几年内,将成为世界第一大进口国,并成为国际上最大的市场。

    据彭博通讯社(Bloomberg)报道,美国中国贸易全国委员会(U.S.-China Business Council)公布的这些数字显示,出口中国对于美国经济健康和创造就业,都至关重要。

    报告指出,全美国30个州,都把中国作为前三大出口市场,48个州,都看到2000年以来,对中国出口出现三位数的增长,远远超过它们对世界上其它国家的出口增长。过去两年来,10个州,至少对中国出口增倍。

    香港经纶国际经济研究院经济学家-奎基斯(Louis Kuijs)说,中国往来账户的顺差已经实质性下降,从2007年-占GDP的11%,下降到去年的2.7%。

    商务部官员预计,中国今年可能出口增长7%,稍微高于进口增幅。
    2011年中国出口增长20.3%,进口增长24.9%。
    北京龙洲经济(GK Dragonomics)研究主任-巴森(Andrew Batson)

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    華府-美國中國貿易全國委員會(US-China Business Council)日前公佈年度報告指出,自2000年以來,美國對中國出口的成長幅度高達542%
    美國同期對世界其他國家的銷售,僅增加80%。目前,除美國鄰國暨自由貿易夥伴加拿大和墨西哥以外,中國已成為美國出口商品的最大買主。

    報告中說:“對中國的出口,對於美國的經濟,以及為美國勞工創造良好的就業機會,具有關鍵的作用。”

    商業周刊(Businessweek)報導,中國去年,對美國的採購,即成長13.1%,並以1039億元,首次打破1000億元的紀錄。報告指出,目前,全美國有30個州,把中國列為三大優先的出口市場;
    自2000年以來,有48個州,對中國的銷售,出現三位數字的驚人成長幅度,遠超過美國對世界上其他國家的出口。
    在過去兩年,有十個州,對中國的出口,至少以倍數增加。

    以阿拉斯加州為例,去年,對中國出口銷售14億元,超過該州對其他任何國家的銷售,其中,最大宗的出口,為海產食品,其次,是礦產和森林產品。
    俄勒岡州對中國銷售16億元的電子和電腦產品,中國是該州最大的出口市場。

    華盛頓州出口40億元的運輸設備至中國,中國並已成為該州最重要的市場。
    德州銷售39億元的化學產品,中國目前為該州三大市場之一。
    美國中國貿易全國委員會在報告中指出,整體而言,中國最常採購的產品,以農產品、化學、電腦、電子和運輸設備為主。

    中國對美國的採購直線上升;仍持續對美國銷售更多東西,造成較大的貿易逆差,貿易赤字並在去年達到2720億元。

    中國商務部長陳德銘日前已表示,中國向全球提供價廉物美的生活必需品,中國國內零售業銷售業績的年成長率,由16%,增至18%,高於經濟成長速度。陳德銘指出,中國在未來幾年內,將成為世界第一大進口國,並成為國際上最大的市場。

    據彭博通訊社(Bloomberg)報導,美國中國貿易全國委員會(US-China Business Council)公佈的這些數字顯示,出口中國對於美國經濟健康和創造就業,都至關重要。

    報告指出,全美國30個州,都把中國作為前三大出口市場,48個州,都看到2000年以來,對中國出口出現三位數的增長,遠遠超過它們對世界上其它國家的出口增長。過去兩年來,10個州,至少對中國出口增倍。

    香港經綸國際經濟研究院經濟學家-奎基斯(Louis Kuijs)說,中國往來賬戶的順差已經實質性下降,從2007年-佔GDP的11%,下降到去年的2.7%。

    商務部官員預計,中國今年可能出口增長7%,稍微高於進口增幅。
    2011年中國出口增長20.3%,進口增長24.9%。
    北京龍洲經濟(GK Dragonomics)研究主任-巴森(Andrew Batson)

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    Washington, DC – The U.S. China Trade National Committee (the US-China Business Council) has published the annual report noted that since 2000, U.S. exports to China grow by as much as 542%
    United States over the same period increased by only 80% sales to other countries in the world. At present, except the United States neighbors cum free trade partners Canada and Mexico, China has become the largest buyer of U.S. exports.

    The report said: “China’s exports for the U.S. economy and create good jobs for American workers, has a key role.”

    Business Week (Businessweek) reported that China last year, the procurement of the United States, that is, growth of 13.1 percent to 103.9 billion yuan, breaking the record of 100 billion yuan for the first time. The report notes that 30 states across the United States, China as priority export markets in the three;
    Since 2000, 48 states, the sales figures of three amazing growth rate, far exceeding U.S. exports to other countries in the world.
    In the past two years, ten states, exports to China, at least increased by multiples.

    To Alaska last year, China’s export sales of 1.4 billion yuan more than the sale of the state of any other country, of which the largest exports of seafood, followed by mineral and forest products.
    Oregon sales of 1.6 billion yuan on the Chinese electronics and computer products, China is the state’s largest export market.

    Washington state exported 40 billion in transportation equipment to China, China has become the state’s most important market.
    Texas sold $ 3.9 billion in chemical products, China is now one of the three major markets for the state.
    U.S. China Business Council in his report that the whole, the most frequently purchased products in China, mainly agricultural products, chemical, computer, electronics and transport equipment.

    China rising on the procurement of a straight line in the United States; still continue to sell more stuff to the United States, resulting in a larger trade deficit, trade deficit reached 272 billion yuan last year.

    Chinese Commerce Minister Chen Deming has recently indicated that China cheap necessities of life to the world, China’s domestic retail sales growth rate from 16% to 18%, higher than the speed of economic growth. Chen pointed out that in the coming years, China will become the world’s largest importing country, and become the largest international market.

    According to Bloomberg (Bloomberg) reports, published by the United States-China Business Council (US-China Business Council) These figures show that exports to China for the health of the U.S. economy and job creation, are essential.

    The report notes that the 30 states in the United States regarded China as the top three export markets, 48 ​​states are to see triple-digit growth in exports to China since 2000, far more than other countries in the world export growth. Over the past two years, 10 states, at least on China’s export growth times.

    Hong Kong the Jinglun International Economic Research Institute economist – Kuiji Si (Louis Kuijs), said China’s current account surplus has substantially decreased, from 2007 – accounting for 11% of GDP, fell to 2.7 percent last year.

    Commerce Department officials estimate that China may export this year, an increase of 7%, slightly higher than the increase in imports.
    2011 China’s exports grew by 20.3% while imports increased by 24.9%.
    Long Island economy (GK Dragonomics, a) Director of Research – Basson (Andrew Batson)

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  2. Social evaluation
    In every generation there is talent out. Within the painting is now included in the national first batch of intangible cultural heritage, won the Alliance and UNESCO outstanding handicrafts badge certification, painted inside of this great national art history has entrusted both to inherit and must develop the mission, inherited only development, development is the best inheritance. Nie Lei (d) as one of the best, high aspirations, power suffer the same cast, Deyi and spiritual development, ongoing artistic exploration within the book! I believe that within the book arts world will be more broad.
    Event Calendar
    1996 works won first prize at the first Beijing Tourism Painting and Calligraphy Competition
    A small painted inside literary works (27) 1997 works have been enshrined in Chinese painting and calligraphy Tibet Code 1998 work is enshrined in the Chinese Painting and Calligraphy The Complete Works of Hebei Province Light Industry Department in 2001 as the 2003 works of Hebei Folk Arts and Crafts home is loaded Chinese artists fine ceremony, “works in the National Fine Arts Competition of the first Chinese painting, the painting home Rong won the second prize in 2007 cursive” Changling gradually won the grass Holy Grail “of the National Fine Arts Competition Gold Medal in 2004, works to be contained into the Contemporary Strength calligraphy and painting masterpiece Code Library by the Organizing Committee of the permanent collection. 2007 the year the book lower case “Thousand Character Classic” won “three cups of learning” within the painting of the Grand Prix Silver. 2008 was awarded the honorary title of “Chinese contemporary calligraphers Artists Village core figure of” 2009 was awarded one hundred works of most value to the collection Artist the year 2010 book “Heart Sutra” by the “three cups of learning” within the painting Grand Prix Bronze. 2010 deeds Hengshui Municipal Propaganda Department of the load the Hengshui cultural celebrities in 2011, six works appeared in the “inner painting books about 2011, some entries will be selected within the painting art

    Painted inside representatives of painting and calligraphy ink source (Zhaoqing Tian)
    About the Artist
    Zhaoqing Tian, ​​pen ink source, Zhaizhu Zen sea of ​​ink, Chinese arts and crafts masters, domestic painting artist, an expert member of the World Health Organization UNESCO World Intangible Heritage in domestic painting and art heritage of people, one of the leaders of good character, portraits, landscapes, flowers, birds, fruits, vegetables, animals.
    1962 born in King County, Hebei Province, by the influence of the father of Confucianism, his childhood love of calligraphy, painting, Junior taught painter Mr. Ma Shufang learning traditional Chinese painting, Western painting techniques of drawing, color, etc. in the county cultural centers and art classes to learn laid a solid foundation for painting and calligraphy.
    1979 graduated from high school into the Hebei Normal University, Department of Fine Arts to study learning in China Radio Advertising Art Department, after Mr. Bai Gengyan taught by the famous painter of the post-doctoral mentor at the Tianjin Academy of Fine Arts. After graduation, work in Changzhou City, People’s theater publicity Koren film advertising designer, after transferred Hengshui Cultural Affairs Bureau of Advertising interior designer.
    1985 Professional in calligraphy and painting within the painting artistic creation and research and dynasties famous painting and calligraphy, Wang Xizhi, young boy, Liugongquan, Mi Fu, Yen Chen-ching, Chen Lao Lin, Ren Bonian, yellow are, wearing Dun help, LIU Kui age range, Huang Zhou, etc. rubbings, copy of the painting years of study on the formation of their own unique style, and founder of the Art Gallery Painting and Calligraphy Club, a sea of ​​ink, a sea of ​​ink Realm of culture and art media studio, trained a group of paintings, painting art talent. Many works have participated in domestic and international Art Exhibition, the same year, affected by the inner painting founder Mr. Wang Xisan, Mr. Wang Qian, Mr. Wang Guanyu as large as Mr. Cloud’s guide, start internal painting artistry of painstaking research, financial Chinese and Western techniques of a furnace, a wide genre of his works, the style is elegant and beautiful, poetry, calligraphy and painting as a whole, the picture vivid distant charm, emotions overflowing, all of which show the artist’s perception of nature, life, life pristine, as the moon The Spirit of Zen. Arts community known as the collection industry has a rare appreciation potential strength of the painter, pour the book first.
    Representative works and honors
    Began in 1994 to accept the invitation of the China International Painting and Calligraphy Association and the North American Pacific International Arts Development Co., Ltd., attended the Austrian Australia, the United States, the Canadian International Dragon Boat Art Festival, the U.S. Pacific International Exposition, its participation within the painting, calligraphy and paintings by high evaluation of domestic and foreign artists, was awarded the Principal Arts Award, and a number of works by national collectors collection. Works of participating on behalf of IOC President Juan Antonio Samaranch want peace, “Peace Spring” land so rich in “Gods,” “Autumn Great Wall” Guanyin “” Deng Xiaoping met with Margaret Thatcher ” portraits. The same time, the local media, “World News”, “Sing Tao Daily, Ming Pao” in Chinese and English TV “new era”, “City”, “TVPORBC are doing a special interview with reports. September 11, 1996, the portrait of Deng Xiaoping, “IOC president Juan Antonio Samaranch,” the founding ceremony of the “Chairman Mao Goes to saddle source” overseas Chinese writers and artists organizing committee awarded century youth painting and calligraphy artist boutique The exhibition is awarded for Art Excellence Award. June 24, 1996, “Yan’an carol” Long March Red Road, “paintings by the Beijing International Fine Photography Art Fair Organizing Committee awarded Special Arts Award. January 8, 1997 “Great Wall of China paintings Chinese Academy of arts and culture jury awarded the Principal Arts Award. October 12, 1997 “Nostalgia” “Big Love” paintings by the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles, the Hong Kong Academy of Fine Arts Organizing Committee awarded the Art of Excellence. February 18, 1998, the paintings of the North Snow map Zhongyuan International Art Fair Organizing Committee awarded the Excellence Award. June 11, 1998, “Jason Jiang love map” paintings by Sun Bin Cup International Calligraphy and Painting Exhibition Organizing Committee awarded the art’s highest honor. 2006, exhibitors have “organized by the Chinese Ministry of Culture, the National Tourism Administration China International Folk culture and art exchange traveling exhibition, the exhibits were appraised by experts of the United Kingdom, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland and other countries. At the same time London, UK national BBC TV, “News of the World”, “The Sun” and other local news media gave a special interview and reports. Works of Chinese emperors like “Mao Zedong calligraphy, and the heads of state portrait piece collectors. Over the years, works in the Chinese film international auction “Hanhai Collection auction” Beijing Oriental the Deja International auction “the invitation of the company’s auction, has been enshrined in the Chinese folk who’s who”, “Chinese contemporary art world celebrity record, “” Who in the World “,” Strait calligraphy celebrity Dictionary “, is now Hebei province, the world UNESCO WHO expert academic committee awarded the” World Health Organization UNESCO expert members of the “Chinese Arts” Arts and Crafts home “,” Hebei Province, master of arts and crafts, members of the Institute of Chinese Arts and Crafts home, the China Folk Art Research Association, the Chinese Artists Association, China Calligraphers Association, the Chinese Literature and Art Association Painting Arts Council members, while he served as the Central Plains Painting and Calligraphy Institute is appointed as the Unit of Vice Minister.
    The Zhao Qingtian within paintings

    Collection and Appreciation
    Snuff is exotic, but snuff bottle is authentic Chinese invention. The Ming Dynasty, snuff from abroad, a large influx of our country in general is loaded with a large glass, weight ranging from four 2 to a pound. People to carry and taking convenience, generally to snuff on Sheng drug vials. To the early years of the Qing Dynasty, people taking snuff wind Sheng, began to appear hardwoods, precious metals, precious wild horn produced snuff bottles. Since China is a multi-ethnic country, Manchu, Mongolian and other minority wild life for a long time, so the requirements of the snuff bottle must be durable, emphasizing practicality. This is also an important feature of the early snuff bottles. As time goes on, snuff gradually by the development of real products as crafts and enjoy the goods. The heyday of the Qing Dynasty Emperor Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong three dynasties snuff bottle production. The origin of the Qing Dynasty, snuff bottles mainly in Beijing, Guangzhou, Liaoning, Tibet, Inner Mongolia, its production process go from simple to complex, from coarse to fine, from plain to add color, plus the carving process. The snuff bottle is generally medium and small three categories, to full Bazhua the body of light thin shell of varying. The material quality of the crystal, jade, jade, agate, ivory, rhino horn, horn, coral, enamel, porcelain, copper, glass and other materials. Processing within the painting, relief, incised, carved, chromatography, etc.. It can be said that the snuff bottle is a master of Chinese calligraphy and painting, sculpture, mosaic and jade, porcelain, enamel, lacquer art, craft.

    Snuff bottle made of glass, to a maximum. Glass snuff bottle, also known as material snuff. Clear Kangxi invented one kind of nesting production process to other colors of red, blue, black, white, or lotus root starch on the ground, then put on. Two colors of red, blue, white, set to become red, blue, green, black color, this set, also known as a single set. Another overlapping sets of law, such as red on white ground red sets of blue. Nesting snuff bottle Emperor Kangxi and Qianlong dynasties produced high quality goods, the 1950s and 1970s, there are also fine appear. For example, Sotheby’s, the auction will be introduced in the spring of 1995, a late Qing white, Tao Hong goldfish and small Bird glass snuff bottle, HK $ 120,750 asking price; 1997, the introduction of a Qing Dynasty glass tire painted enamel snuff The pot went so far as to HK $ 1.67 million deal.
    China is big country of porcelain, porcelain snuff bottle is also very popular, and they are many. Porcelain snuff bottle Qianlong year manufacturing for top grade. Drawing Grasshopper pattern porcelain snuff bottle Qing Dynasty. Also very expensive. Porcelain snuff bottle many different types of three-color snuff bottles, blue and white snuff bottles, snuff bottles of the red color and enamel snuff bottle.

    Agate snuff bottle prolific Liaoning, Liaoning agate produced more. Onyx is a precious minerals, and therefore the color of the agate snuff bottle above the carved patterns beautiful, loved by collectors. The Guardian 1996 Spring Auction will be sold in an agate carving Ghostbuster snuff bottles, were sold for $ 68,000 RMB.

    Enamel According to records introduced into China from the Qing Emperor Kangxi, therefore, a lot of artistic value of the Qing dynasty enamelled snuff bottle. Sotheby’s auction in the spring of 1995, shoot a copper tires painted enamel floral pattern snuff bottles, the price of HK $ 48,300. In addition, because the production of jade is a very old history, exquisite workmanship, jade snuff bottles from the more beautiful. Jade snuff bottle production began in the Qing period. If it is found early in this period and snuff bottles, generally counterfeit. Jade snuff bottle of the style up, pots of various shapes can be described as the ever-changing, melon, fruit, pear, peach, fish, cicadas, turtles and other type is very common. Jade snuff bottles, as well as a significant feature, is the choice of emerald, tourmaline and other stones to do the lid, which also makes the more valuable jade snuff bottle. Guardian 1996 Spring Auction launched one, clear Daoguangnianjian white pigment snuff bottle and smoke dish, the transaction price of RMB $ 70,000, the other with topaz engraved poetry snuff bottle of Daoguangnianjian price RMB280, 000.

    In addition to several materials described above snuff bottles, snuff bottles of amber, marble, walnut, hyacinth, purple sand and other materials produced, including the lack of quality. The snuff bottle is a big family, collection should be gradual and not be greedy, because, who have all kinds of snuff bottle collection of Qi. The collection is a never regret behavior, bitter, and also very tired. When your collection to an art and snuff bottles, in the face of the hands of Treasure, the mood is certainly not the same tired previously hard to find an instant without a trace.
    The identification of the secret of snuff bottles
    Many snuff bottle material, material quality, porcelain, jade, jade quality, metal quality, gem quality, general connoisseurs only some material snuff bottles from the research, know how to jade smoke pot and porcelain snuff bottle, jade and precious stones snuff may not be able to recognize, and so should be categorized in the identification of snuff bottles, one by one study.

    Gu Yue Xuan enamel snuff bottle (Fenghua system)
    Identification of the material quality snuff bottle
    Materials, namely glass today. The glass itself is not expensive, your material quality snuff bottle is in the work. The most wonderful work to “Gu Yue Xuan Cai”, followed by a Western production of colored glass. The kind of white, such as crystal, red and homogeneous, yellow, such as steamed chestnut, blue, such as precious stones, green, such as jade, glass, is a valuable list. The material burned in the inner court of the Qing Dynasty Beijing snuff, called Guanliao snuff bottle. The Kangxi Guanliao is already rather fine, they imitate the natural ore or semi-precious stones, the color is almost the real thing. Officer material but also imitation agate, amber, jade and white tallow, texture, moisture and shining. Gu Yue Xuan feeders, produce up to Qianlong. Kangxi, Yongzheng, but a smaller number. Jiaqing later disappeared. Identification of ancient snuff bottles Xuan material the key is: Where Gu Yue Xuan stacker section (word Ming enamel writing, firing raised). In addition, we must apply the enamel glaze and enamel. Frit of the Qing Dynasty, the material enamelled cloisonne enamel painting on glass roasting. The material in painted enamels in Qing Dynasty, Qianlong when the specialty, more than a small flat round, whole body painted flower pattern, and some add the book Kyrgyz language text, but rarely painted landscapes. Floral pattern thin complicated for the top grade, color Xianrun have a level Do not scratch or peel off the traces. Qianlong year are four-character inscription, the blue material the book FangSong Qian body is very neat, imitation goods is difficult to achieve.

    Porcelain body snuff bottle
    Identification of porcelain snuff bottle
    Snuff bottles, porcelain by most during the Kangxi reign onwards, until the end of Qing Dynasty, the emperor all manufacturing porcelain snuff bottle, But still the Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong reigns in the system the best. Kangxi period, the first firing of the blue and white porcelain snuff bottle, with the beads out materials, bright colors, now save very little. Yongzheng period of the blue underglaze red kiln snuff bottle tires thin glaze of fresh blue and white snuff bottle pulp tire burning more creative, and the carcass young thin. Focus on the three-dimensional sense of strong enamel snuff bottle Qianlong, achievements overshadowed by the blue and white. The Jiaqing the Guanyao spend snuff bottle production is not your odd glaze blue and white, but can not compare so well when carved porcelain snuff bottle. Dynasty, when most of kilns firing porcelain snuff bottles, the number of more focused pastels. A lot of floating blue and white color, uneven thickness, glaze and the matrix binding tight. The kilns snuff bottle most of the no hedge against inflation. Jiaqing to Xianfeng, Emperor Guangxu period, shape, decoration and themes, etc. Most of plagiarism early, creative indeed small.

    Internal painting works
    Identification of jade snuff bottles
    Jade Class snuff bottle material bubble. Glass materials and loose spices to create the false jade snuff bottle, lack of sense of weight, color wither less distinctive, poor transparency, there is no “aura” at all. The case of the glass frit, and rubbing the surface, will find expensive, fluff. Tsui quality of the jade snuff bottles are the most expensive, as the “emerald”, that is dark green texture Ying net emerald. Followed by boxwood green, the color is slightly yellow and green. Once again, spinach green, green like spinach.
    Agate snuff bottle identification identification agate snuff bottle to observe the fake often the color of agate infected with bright red or other bright colors. Confusion, false agate snuff-box pattern like mixed paint, and over-smooth, not bright. False agate snuff-box hardness, and more impurities and defects. To prevent fake agate into the electric furnace using high temperature to burn out the “red”, this red agate called “red-hot agate.
    Identification of amber snuff bottle
    To observe the texture is dense, if the soft texture is easy Daoke ornaments, mostly fake amber. On the market containing the veneer insect amber snuff bottle is made of man-made; amber is really quite small animals, mostly missing head missing foot.
    Identification of the tourmaline snuff bottle
    Tourmaline snuff bottles, mainly to see the texture, tourmaline ribbon change more vertical lines on the crystal surface, those who share, expensive, internal color uniformity, Cotton Willow “shaped body, high level of transparency. Some tourmaline snuff bottles containing cloudy, uniform color is not fresh, not bright, the case of defective. Qing Dynasty Empress Dowager particularly fond of tourmaline, and sometimes widely popular, the price is increasing. After the death of the Empress Dowager, the identity of the tourmaline plummeted.

    Artistic value – the world’s top ten most expensive snuff bottle
    Relevant experts believe that the view from the current development situation, the snuff bottle appreciation of space immeasurable. Snuff bottle expert for recognition
    , The price of the snuff bottle or less, some water, just one of the boutique, there is room for appreciation, therefore, investment snuff bottles from boutique start.

    The creation of the auction record for Qing Emperor Qianlong enameled western figures Figure snuff bottle, painted the main figure in the extremely rare translucent material tire translucent enamel, the opening and the surrounding opaque enamel, the effect is particularly prominent. Forbidden City in Beijing, you can see a similar shape but a different picture of the material tire snuff bottle, and has been the snuff bottle collection famous LiuWenChoo Fu Bao Dai, Hugh Moss, collection.

    After a fine snuff bottles sold for high prices for similar varieties with good driving effect. 2004 Wonderland – J & J snuff bottle collection in the first part of the auction, the crystal one of the late Qing Dynasty painting the Shouson portrait snuff bottle (Ma Shaoxuan section), HK $ 1,743,750, creating a single painting snuff bottles of the world record. In the second part of the auction, the other a crystal of Ma Shaoxuan painting portraits of snuff bottles, the transaction price of more than 129 million.

    The experts said, snuff bottles in the mainland market was not yet popular, there are many reasons. Due to historical reasons, the antique collection market in the Mainland, snuff bottles to be regarded as a more common antiques, especially in the collection on the market, too many common varieties, resulting in the visual fatigue of the general investors. It is noteworthy that, snuff bottles in the investment field, the real value or quality. For ordinary investors can start with the Christie’s and Sotheby directory to start to understand what is a snuff bottle boutique, in order to guide their investment.

    Snuff bottle auction turnover ranking (top 10)

    Ranking name price (million) auction time auction

    1 – Qing Emperor Qianlong enameled Western Figures snuff bottle 550 2005.3.30 New York Christie’s

    2 – Beijing Office was Qianlong famille rose copper tire snuff bottle (Ladies) 393 2005.4.1 Sotheby

    3 – Qing Emperor Kangxi Imperial system a copper body painting the enamel Lianchi Figure snuff bottle 270 2005.3.30 Christie’s New York

    244 2004.4.25 4 – Qing Emperor Qianlong enamel peony, white material, kingfishers, snuff bottles, Christie’s Hong Kong

    5 – Qing Emperor Qianlong, Gu Yue Xuan snuff 242 2000.5.6 Tianjin Cultural Relics

    6 – Qing Emperor Qianlong copper tire enamel painting Western painting landscape Figure snuff bottle 241 2002.4.29 Christie’s in Hong Kong

    7 – Qianlong material enamelled plum blossom shaped gourd snuff bottle 236 2005.3.30 New York Christie’s

    8 – copper body of the Qing Emperor Qianlong painted enamel Figures snuff bottle 217 2005.3.30 New York Christie’s

    9 – Qing Qianlong ivory landscape with figures snuff bottle 198 2005.3.30 New York Christie’s

    10 – Qing Emperor Qianlong copper tire painting the Wufu figures snuff bottles 189 2004.4.25 Hong Kong Christie’s.

    Qing dynasty snuff bottles
    The development of snuff bottles throughout the history of the Qing Dynasty, the true concentration of China’s traditional culture. Snuff bottles in the Ming Dynasty introduced from outside, but the Qing Dynasty, China produced a lot of material and snuff bottles, its volume are of different sizes, style is a wide range and large like a small vase, only inches I, made of porcelain, jade, agate, bluing, wood, bamboo, ivory, Beijing is the production of a large number of glass snuff. Snuff bottles, suggests that it is in full bloom snuff containers. Snuff bottles, although the compact, but a variety of shapes, each period has its own unique shine. Snuff bottles in general shape is to have a small mouth, easy to read inside dug bore, bore the bigger the better. Snuff bottles are mostly like the bread-shaped cover, carved for the best under the hood, the texture of ivory or wood, a small shovel for shovel snuff. Mouth small bore, years earlier, good quality, high value. For example: agate snuff pay attention to bore thin tires, commonly known as “Gone with the Wind”. To the late Qing Dynasty jade snuff bottle has an oral small, no neck, bore straight up and down, often called “a bore drilled, this snuff-box at the bottom of non-ring-foot, only a small flat. Snuff bottles, the main material is made of glass, a dominant position, raw materials, mostly from Shandong BOSHAN buy, Beijing processing, a variety of color, monochrome material, variegated material, is a plain material’s more As early as the varieties of color, the less the mid-Qing Dynasty not only a variety of colors, as well as chromatic snuff-box, divided into sets of monochrome materials snuff and multicolor nesting snuff, there are two main techniques: one is the two-color different sets of monochrome material together burn, and then carved on the outside of this layer; the other is the direct use of semi-molten pigment pattern in the womb. Regardless of what kind of tactics have the effect of convex carving, stereoscopic, the latter the most widely used techniques in the middle and late Qing Dynasty. Common sets of three-color set of colored, most sets of nine colors. Set of nine pigment snuff I had seen in the learning process, the outer wall of the snuff bottle carved with nine different colors Chi Tiger, fine carving, especially Chi Tiger back of the knife clean on the back light fine incised lines on making the nine dragons tigers vivid three-dimensional sense of strong, its artistic value far more than practical value. Really good quality snuff bottles are often no longer in use, mostly become collectibles, or valuable hands plaything, used to enjoy its production process, or as gifts as well.

    Snuff bottle collection process, first of all have to learn some of the snuff bottle theoretical knowledge to understand the history of snuff bottles, and then classify their material, focusing on collection of one material or several materials, less Favorites difficult to preserve the material, such as: coconut shell or gourd. According to age of collection, such as material snuff, you can follow the history of the Qing Dynasty collection, making the series.

    The type of snuff bottles
    Snuff bottle-type range, the pattern of the rich, extensive material, the process of Bo miscellaneous, resulting in its varieties is difficult to provide detailed, classified materials.

    Feeder snuff bottles, the glass in our previous title. The feeder snuff bottle has its own unique benefits, in addition to not leak, is not wet, but also see Sheng snuff weight, fineness, and therefore very popular. The feeder snuff bottles do not win in texture, known to work. Its quality glass, able to mimic the colors and name quality and vivid, extremely lively, such as Venus material, spent material, realgar and all kinds of imitation precious stones and other materials.

    Snuff bottles produced in the feeder, the most famous process when pushing the “nesting”, also called “color”, decorated with red, blue and other colored pigments in the lotus root starch on the ground and cut to ground into a different pattern, deposited with the class color color flow. Nesting techniques, there are two, one is over the set of tire color of another pigment in the feed tire, and then carved pattern on the color of jacket material; another pigment by heating a semi-molten stick directly in the womb, do the pattern. The nesting process is very convex carving effect. Nesting sets of color and multicolor set of points, by the colors of the transform to use, made of colorful material objects, then, the most famous nesting the symplectic home skin “,” Le home skin “,” Yuan home skin “. Sim family system nesting pearl with quality clear scenery clean. The Le family system to win the lotus root starch, color, quality, such as snow and ice; Yuanjiazao skin is similar to the and symplectic home skin. Feeder snuff bottles produced a complex process, called glass enamelled, about cloisonne enamel painting on glass, after calcination is into. The process milky white glass enamel effect especially the quality of color of the enamel background. Particularly difficult due to both melting point close to the firing, the technical challenges are considerable.

    According to the previous record, the Qing Dynasty feeder snuff bottles produced a number of Gu Yue Xuan famous, and its production Handicraft, painting beautifully carved, and engraved with the inscription, was the Qiaohuo.

    Porcelain snuff bottles, porcelain snuff bottle, porcelain body snuff bottles. From the Kangxi to the late Qing Dynasty more than two centuries, porcelain enamel rests with Jiangxi Jingdezhen tires shipped to the capital by the court painter tempera firing, other varieties can be fired by the Jingdezhen independent. Qing Dynasty porcelain industry is well developed, the type of porcelain snuff bottle is also very complete, what blue and white, fighting color, pastels, and Red and so on porcelain snuff bottle everything. Here again mentioned Gu Yue Xuan. It is said that the Qing Dynasty porcelain snuff bottles produced the most refined to the number of Gu Yue Xuan. Gu Yue Xuan what has always been different opinions. Some people say that it is one in Qing Xuan name, some people say that it is located in the Old Summer Palace in future generations have a number of visits, were not reflected in its track, it was said, it is the Qing court collection of ancient porcelain boutique where, but also Some say it is on behalf of that Xinghu painter, Qianlong Tour Jiangnan reflected in its own small workshop system exception exquisite porcelain and snuff bottles, they put their back to the capital, specifically to deal with the imperial kiln, the name is still using its Suzhou the old name, “Gu Yue Xuan”. Said, Gu Yue Xuan porcelain body painted enamel abnormalities fine, slightly raised enamel glaze material tire, meticulous painters, colorful, elegant inscription by master, so bookish Smirnov, a lot of porcelain painter Kim Sung paragraph, in addition, many The court painter, is also involved in the production.

    Jingdezhen, the famous painter Chen Guozhi expertise in porcelain snuff bottle painted, one hundred of its work subgraph, ladies, fruits, vegetables, etc., are beautiful and fresh, and the person at home and goes.

    Qing Emperor Kangxi, copper fetal painting enamel snuff bottle, very fond of France where Limoges enamel ware, Qing Communication Arts Office was invited to France by the French missionary enamel craftsmen to the production of painted enamel snuff bottle, due to the Qing Dynasty palace craftsmen who make people amazing imitation of force, but also with the spirit of innovation, in the later years, painted enamel increasingly sophisticated skills to shine in the production of snuff bottles.

    After immersion of the copper material with a special solution, to remove impurities, wash, made of copper tire enamel glaze, and then, on finishing. Dissolved copper in the glaze plus, fired after a brilliant golden color; if added to dissolve the silver, it will produce a pale flowing brocade-like artistic effects. The background of the painting enamel ware is mostly dark blue, black or yellow. In outline, with thick black lines painted on the prominent theme and profile to make the contrast more strongly. Throughout the production process to maintain absolute cleanliness, or after the firing of the finished product will be defect.

    In addition, there are gold, silver tire painted enamel.

    Jade snuff bottle jade production to peak in the Qing Dynasty jade snuff bottle production is of course also very exquisite. Qianlong period, mid-and Tian Meiyu endless stream brought into the palace, jade also use a lot of very good material for the production of jade snuff bottle, especially small and rounded Ember, moist and delicate, snow-white, it is snuff pot heaven-sent material. The craftsmen use of materials clever add, or so arts facilities, cut into the natural with the shape of things, or clever shipped ingenuity, will be carved into all kinds of fruits, fish and insects, lively and lovely.

    Kinds of precious stones snuff bottle Qing Dynasty Queen snuff bottles produced material is extremely strong, so any precious material, and can be use. Ruby and sapphire, coral, agate, amber, crystal, tourmaline, lapis, wood stone, pearls and other valuables, have become the raw materials of the snuff bottles, strange idea, by the superior skills of the craftsmen who carefully crafted, true can be described as priceless. Legend of the Qing Dynasty, there was a very expensive pearl snuff is made from digging with a large natural pearl belly.

    The most precious stone class Snuff Bottles Stone snuff bottle, side stone pot. Already in the Tang Dynasty, Zhaoqing Duan hear the world. Zhaoqing, ax to the mountain Song pits, plum pits, puddles, etc., are the Tang and Song era old crater, its texture, moisture solid texture and beautiful, in fact, able person.

    Lacquer snuff bottle lacquer snuff bottle with flat carving, carving, and Cai Qi, and the mosaic floor, carved at the species, its color, Zhu Hongyan Korea, China and the United States color.

    Ivory carved snuff bottle snuff bottles materials such precious and the process is also very particular, use more of the depth of relief and Carved exquisitely carved, sometimes imposed painted, and even more gorgeous.

    Gourd snuff bottle gourd has always been used to charge its unique and interesting; The snuff-box style of simple, humble and interesting phenomena, generally inlaid with gold, silver at its base and mouth, to prevent wear and tear.

    Bamboo, wood carving, root carving, snuff bottles such snuff bottles produced along its natural and applied arts, with the shape, Mayans Qiaodiao, style simple, natural, vivid.

    Internal painted pots

    Painted inside pot feeder, crystal texture. Because of their number and influence, here, are listed separately as a class. Beijing Snuff Bottles museum’s collection donated by the elegance Masters

    Maintenance of snuff bottles
    Collection snuff bottle your fine, fine rather not abuse; acquisition of snuff bottles, not to unreasonably high prices should wait for the opportunity, can not be hurried.

    A jade snuff bottle afraid of sweat, alkali, afraid of ammonia. Especially the “old crater glass” and “ice” avoid grease, jade snuff bottle Therefore, do not put nearly fume, nor the sun. 2, each playing snuff bottles, the application of soft white cloth wipe test, can not use any chemical cleaners or detergent like scrubbing.

    Indoor spraying air fresheners, hairsprays, insecticides, we first snuff bottle collection is good, do not stick splash.

    4, pots pores or texture delicate, such as turquoise snuff bottle, avoid near fumes or steam. Smoking is also not close to this type of snuff bottle to prevent the turquoise color from blue to gray-green. Do not snuff bottles on the high humidity. Under high humidity, turquoise snuff bottle will become pale.

    Valuable Qing Dynasty, snuff bottles are not suitable for exposure to strong sunlight, because the infrared will lead to the snuff bottle internal humidity increases, the molecular activation of molecules within the solution, the internal stress, cracking or warping; ultraviolet light can damage the inner painted snuff bottle color. To this end, snuff bottles should be placed on the isolated place with natural light, to avoid strong light, ultraviolet light or sunlight tube. The best glass-fronted cabinets to be placed in a plexiglass.

    Identification of the snuff bottle pros and cons of a steep learning curve. Qing dynasty connoisseur Zhao Ruzhen in the identification of snuff bottles, “a book: the identification of antiques, pay attention to two points, one Bianqi authenticity; First, identify their advantages and disadvantages. First determine the authenticity, then identification their advantages and disadvantages, which is the routine procedure of identification of objects. methods of identification of all antique objects, without exception, are but only the identification of snuff bottles, the situation is different, it only needs to identify the qualitative pros and cons would be sufficient. do not have to research its authenticity is about the luxury of snuff, complete look at the abilities of the snuff material and workmanship thickness, but has nothing to do with the era and the production of the master. material if indeed Rare workmanship and Kit Kat when produced, or whether it comes from the hands of the Who, is also a top grade. ordinary material, general workmanship, even if the Kangxi, Yongzheng made, the Queen of Kangxi, Yongzheng Emperor, not worth material can not be pseudo-charge, but the laborers are difficult to conceal. forged not get a good price, they can not fool the world, so the fake snuff, nothing, which makes counterfeit snuff bottles also extremely rare, even if occasional, it is genuine days hanging septa special, anyone can tell the difference it is for these reasons, the authenticity of the snuff, do not have to pay great attention; identify snuff examine its pros and cons on the line. ”

    Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.Of U.S.A.
    QQ: 1,779,642,876
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    (U.S.A.) Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.
    QQ: 1,779,642,876
    E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com

    Snuff was introduced into China, the Chinese first use of traditional medicine bottles, full bloom snuff, later, a variety of material and production process of agate, ceramics, ivory, perfect snuff bowl, this bowl was known as snuff bottles. Chinese snuff bottles produced considerable stress, coupled with chased with a delicate pattern.

    For the appreciation of the snuff bottles from the late Ming to the reign of Emperor Kangxi, very popular, until today, the ancient Chinese snuff bottles, is still the love of many antique collectors. So far, four hundred years of history. Spring icehouse wild multiplier, “said Sun Shiyi met in Qianlong, gave the emperor a snuff bottle, and Shen On the way, to ask him, he was unwilling to give. Later, and Shen directly to the Emperor able to obtain, we can see: Shen of the power of old.

    Painting snuff bottles four factions: Lu School (on behalf of People: Zhang Guangqing), Ji School (representative of: Xisan), Beijing school (representative figure: Liu Shou), Guangdong send (on behalf of People: Wu Songling).

    Modern internal painting snuff bottle made important contributions to the cable Zhenhai combine, he will be content and within the painting techniques of the external painting within the painting’s creation to open a new world.

    Zodiac, is an important part of Chinese traditional culture, composed of 12 kinds of animals used in nature, namely, rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, chicken, dog, pig, and legend in the Long used to record the year in order for the offspring, ugly cow, Yin Tiger, Mao Rabbit, Chen Long, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, Rooster, rooster, dog and Hai Pig. Widely used in Chinese cultural circles. There are a lot of description of the Zodiac literature. At the same time, the Zodiac has also been used in traditional Chinese medicine herbs and cartoon name.

    Price: Each of $ 100,000 (= 100,000); or six million yuan (= 6,000,000);

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