美国公务员包括联邦和地方政府公务员,还包括联邦和地方所属科研和文化机构的职员,以及法官、消防人员、警察、邮政工作人员和公立学校的工作人员

美国公务员包括联邦和地方政府公务员,还包括联邦和地方所属科研和文化机构的职员,以及法官、消防人员、警察、邮政工作人员和公立学校的工作人员

英国的公务员仅包括全职和兼职政府雇员两部分。

  为使各国公务员的数量有可比性,采取“政府财政供养”这一统一标准,对所有财政供养人员做一统计,再看孰多孰少。

据统计,新加坡公务员6万多人,英国公务员50多万人。

英国公务员比新加坡公务员多出好几倍
新加坡的人口比英国少很多。因此,还是用“官民比”来比较更恰当。

  根据调查和计算得出:英国“官民比”最低,为1:118,也就是说,118个公民“供养”一个公务员,平均每个公务员管理和服务118个公民。这一比例,在加拿大最高,达1:9.8,意味着-平均不到10人中,就有一位政府财政供养人员。此外,法国的“官民比”是1:12.7,德国是1:13.7,俄罗斯是1:84.7,日本是1:28.5,新加坡是1:71.4,美国是1:12.7,南非是1:31.1,韩国是1:50.1,印度是1:109.5。

有线电视新闻网财经频道(CNNMoney)报道,超级政治行动委员会的100名捐助者占这类捐款的80%。负责政治中心(Center for Responsive Politics)的数据显示,其中46名最大捐款人拿出6700万美元,占超级政治行动委员会个人捐款1.12亿美元的三分之二。这个小团体成员每人至少捐款50万美元。

CNNMoney说,金融服务巨擘在这批人占多数,其次为能源主管和酒店大亨。他们几乎全是男性,几乎没有少数族裔代表。到目前为止,这些人的捐款基本上都到了保守团体那里。

公众伦理中心(Center for Public Integrity)政治主编顿巴尔(John Dunbar)说,“我们看到一种很奇怪的现象。”他说,超级政治行动委员会的捐款人可以根据他们对参选人的偏好划分类别。

支持贝恩资本前执行长罗姆尼的超级政治行动委员会主要吸引来自华尔街的捐款人,尤其是私人基金或对冲基金“玩家”。

对冲基金经理鲍尔森(John Paulson)在2008年抵押贷款危机中收益率高达600%。他已经向支持罗姆尼的超级政治行动委员会捐款100万美元。老虎基金管理(Tiger Management)、贝恩资本(Bain Capital)等机构也有大批捐款。

负责政治中心的诺瓦克(Viveca Novak)说,“金融业是很有钱的行业,也是罗姆尼很熟悉的行业,它是捐款主要来源也就毫不奇怪。”

支持罗姆尼的超级政治行动委员会所得到捐款大都超过100万美元。大笔个人捐款也进入支持金里奇(Newt Gingrich)、桑托勒姆(Rick Santorum)和保罗(Ron Paul)的超级政治行动委员会。

拉斯维加斯金沙集团(Las Vegas Sands)执行长阿德森(Sheldon Adelson)及其家人已经为支持金里奇的超级政治行动委员会“赢得我们的未来”捐款1500万美元。阿德森及其妻子上个月捐款500万美元,占该委员会2月捐款的90%。由于金里奇的竞选班子筹款困难,几乎毫不夸张地说是阿德森的慷慨解囊维持众议院前议长继续竞选。

硅谷创业基金资本家、伊贝(eBay)共同创办人希尔(Peter Thiel)为支持保罗的超级政治行动委员会捐款260万美元,占该团体上月筹款总额的70%。桑托勒姆也有自己的捐款大户。

支持选举法改革的竞选法律中心(Campaign Legal Center)律师瑞安(Paul S. Ryan)说,我们有一小部分捐款人维持某些参选人的活力。“那是‘爱丽丝漫游奇景’状况,它蔑视逻辑性。”

批评者说,某些个人的超大额捐款提出他们的动机问题,也提出富豪对参选人和选举的影响问题。

瑞安说,“美国选举是靠非常狭窄的特殊利益出资,它产生的效果就是让我们的民主政治看起来更像财阀政治。”

最高法院2010年1月21日的“公民团结(Citizens United)裁决”打开了无限政治捐款的闸门,在独立竞选开支上,个人和公司都可以“平等的”行驶“言论自由”权利。

最高法院的裁决允许超级政治行动委员会无限制地从公司、工会、协会或个人那里筹款,也可以无限制地花钱公开支持或攻击某个政治候选人。

布鲁金斯学院研究员托马斯·曼(Thomas Mann)说,要确定超级富豪捐款人的动机很难。他们是由于意识形态还是经济利益驱动,或者两者兼有?

在公司杠杆并购过程中发挥关键作用的西蒙斯(Harold Simmons)为上述问题提供某些内幕线索。西蒙斯为保守的超级政治行动委员会捐款1800万美元,并承诺捐出更多。他在接受《华尔街日报》采访时表示对总统奥巴马很不高兴,称奥巴马是“社会主义者”。同时,西蒙斯的公司都将因为放松监管而受益。他说,如果共和党在11月大选中表现良好,“我们就能阻止那些垃圾(监管)”。

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U.S. civil servants, including federal and local government civil servants, including the staff of the federal and local-owned research and cultural institutions, as well as judges, firefighters, police, postal staff, and public school staff
British civil servants only two parts of the full-time and part-time government employees.
Number of national civil services comparable to take the uniform standards of government financial support “, to support staff on all financial, statistical, and look at what what less.
According to statistics, more than 60000 Singapore Civil Service, British civil servants over 50 million people.
British civil servants than the Singapore Civil Service several times more
Singapore’s population is less than the United Kingdom. Therefore, “the official China than to compare the more appropriate.
According to the investigation and calculated: British officials and the public than the minimum, 1:118, that is, 118 citizens to “support” a civil servant, the average civil service management and service of 118 citizens. This proportion is highest in Canada, up to 1:9.8, to support staff means that – an average of less than 10 people, there is a government financial In addition, French officials and the public than is 1:12.7, Germany is 1:13.7, Russia is 1:84.7, Japan, 1:28.5, Singapore is 1:71.4, the United States is 1:12.7, South Africa is a 1:31.1, South Korea 1:50.1, India is 1:109.5.
CNN reports, the financial channel (CNNMoney) super political action committee, 100 donors accounted for 80 percent of such contributions. Responsible for the political center (the Center for Responsive Politics,) data show that 46 of the largest contributors to come up with $ 67 million, accounting for the super political action committees individual donations of $ 112 million two-thirds. Small groups of members each contributing at least $ 500,000.
CNNMoney said that the financial services giant that group accounted for the majority, followed by energy executives and hotel tycoon. They are almost all male, almost no representatives of ethnic minorities. So far, the contributions of these people are basically conservative groups.
Public Ethics Center (Center for Public the Integrity) political editor Gordon Barr, John Dunbar, said, “We see a very strange phenomenon.” He said, super political action committee contributions to candidates based on their preferences categorized.
Super political action committee to support Romney, former chief executive of Bain Capital to attract contributions from Wall Street, private funds or hedge fund players.
The hedge fund manager Paulson (John Paulson) yields as high as 600 percent in the 2008 mortgage crisis. He has to support Romney’s super political action committee donated $ 1 million. Tiger Fund (Tiger Management), Bain Capital (Bain Capital) and other institutions also have a large number of donations.
Responsible for the political center, said Novak Viveca Novak, “The financial industry is a very wealthy industry, Romney is very familiar with the industry, it is the major contributions of sources is not surprising.”
Romney’s super political action committee to get donations mostly over 1 million U.S. dollars. Large sums of individual contributions into super political action committee Gingrich (Newt Gingrich), Santo Haslem (Rick Santorum) and Paul (Ron Paul).
Mr. Adelson, the Las Vegas Sands (of Las Vegas Sands) CEO Sheldon Adelson and their families to support Gingrich’s super political action committee “to win the future” contributions of $ 15 million. Mr. Adelson and his wife last month donated 5 million U.S. dollars, accounting for 90% of the contributions of the Committee in February. Gingrich’s campaign fund-raising difficulties, almost no exaggeration to say that Mr. Adelson’s generosity to maintain the former Speaker of the House of Representatives to continue to campaign.
The capitalists of Silicon Valley venture capital funds, irbesartan (eBay), co-founder of Hill, Peter Thiel, in support of Paul’s super political action committee donated $ 2.6 million, accounting for 70% of the group last month, the total raised. Santo Haslem also has its own contributions to large.
Ryan (Paul S. Ryan), support for electoral law reform campaign (the Campaign Legal Center) Law, Law Center, said, We have a small part of donors to maintain the vitality of some of the candidates. “It was ‘Alice wonders’ status, its contempt for logic.”
Critics say that the large amount of contributions of certain individuals to raise their motivation, also raised the problem of rich candidates and election.
Ryan said that the U.S. election financed by a very narrow special interests, it produces the effect is to make our democracy looks more like a plutocracy. ”
The ruling of the Supreme Court on January 21, 2010, the civic unity of Citizens United, opened the floodgates of unlimited political contributions in independent campaign spending on individuals and companies can be “equal” drive “free speech” rights.
The Supreme Court’s decision to allow the super political action committee unrestricted fundraising from companies, unions, associations or individuals, can also be unlimited money to publicly support or attack a political candidate.
Brookings Institution Fellow Thomas Mann Thomas Mann said, it is difficult to determine the motives of the super-rich donors. They are due to ideology or economic benefits, or both?
Simmons, Harold Simmons, play a key role in the company leveraged buy-outs for the above questions provide some insider clues. Simmons for a conservative super political action committee donated $ 18 million, and promised to donate more. He said in an interview with the Wall Street Journal, President Obama was very unhappy, saying that Obama is “socialist”. The same time, Simmons will be the deregulation benefit. He said that if the Republican performance in the November general election, “we will be able to stop those who refuse (Regulatory).
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《美国公务员包括联邦和地方政府公务员,还包括联邦和地方所属科研和文化机构的职员,以及法官、消防人员、警察、邮政工作人员和公立学校的工作人员》有2个想法

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    威斯康星州 Wisconsin WI 麦迪逊 Madison
    怀俄明州 Wyoming WY 夏延 Cheyenne 美国,各国(含中国等国)易货贸易项目可行性报告(预算资金额:5000万元以上/每批;美国货欢迎直升机,公务飞机等换日用品,百货,手机,电脑等;押金:200万元以上;参与方承诺:承担运费,税费等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;
     
    联邦领地-波多黎各自由联邦、北马里亚纳。   海外领地   有人居住:美属萨摩亚、关岛、中途岛、约翰斯顿岛、美属维尔京群岛;   无人居住:贝克岛、豪兰岛、贾维斯岛、金曼礁、纳弗沙岛、帕尔米尔岛、威克岛(现仅有美国导弹试验基地)美国,各国(含中国等国)易货贸易项目可行性报告(预算资金额:5000万元以上/每批;美国货欢迎直升机,公务飞机等换日用品,百货,手机,电脑等;押金:200万元以上;参与方承诺:承担运费,税费等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;

    城市
      全美国有大约77%的人口居住于城市地区,其中又有半数以上集中于37座主要的大城市。这些城市也形塑了美国的文化、传统和经济。在2004年,全美共有251个超过十万人的都市,以及9个超过百万人的大都市,包括了许多重要的全球城市,例如纽约市、洛杉矶和芝加哥。若将市中心外的都会区域也算进去的话,美国有50个超过了百万人的大都会。美国是每年世界最佳居住城市评选中,国内城市上榜最多的国家。

     

    2010年美国都会区人口排名 都会区排名 中心城市 市名 都会区人口 地区
    纽约市 New York City;洛杉矶 Los Angeles;芝加哥 Chicago;达拉斯 Dallas ;费城 Philadelphia ;休斯敦 Houston ;华盛顿 Washington,D。C。 ;迈阿密 Miami ; 亚特兰大 Atlanta ;波士顿 Boston 美国,各国(含中国等国)易货贸易项目可行性报告(预算资金额:5000万元以上/每批;美国货欢迎直升机,公务飞机等换日用品,百货,手机,电脑等;押金:200万元以上;参与方承诺:承担运费,税费等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;

    ——————-

    美国国务院东亚暨太平洋事务助理国务卿-康贝尔(Kurt Campbell)

    ——————-

    Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.Of U.S.A.

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    (B.女性亿万富豪们帝国Inc./B.亿万富翁们帝国Inc.)Of美利坚合众国

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    East Asian and Pacific Affairs of the U.S. State Department Assistant Secretary of State – Campbell, Kurt Campbell,

    U.S. state state name and capital of the capital of the Chinese state name in English state abbreviation Chinese English capital of American countries (including China and other countries) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; American Welcome helicopters, business aircraft to change daily necessities, department stores, mobile phones, computers, etc.; Deposit: 200 million yuan; participants commitment: commitment to freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1779642876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;
    Alabama State of Alabama AL Montgomery Montgomery
    Alaska of Alaska AK Juneau Juneau
    Arizona, the Arizona AZ Phoenix Phoenix
    Arkansas, Arkansas AR Little Rock, Little rock the United States, countries (including China and other countries) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; American welcome helicopters, business aircraft for daily necessities, department store, mobile phones, computers, etc.; Deposit: 200 million yuan; participants commitment: commitment to freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1,779,642,876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;
    California CA Sacramento, Sacramento, California
    Colorado, the Colorado CO Denver Denver
    State, Connecticut CT Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut
    Delaware DE Dover Dover, Delaware
    Florida, Florida FL Tallahassee Tallahassee USA, countries (including countries such as China) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; welcome American helicopters, business aircraft and other changing necessities, Department Store , mobile phones, computers, etc.; deposit: 200 million yuan; participate in the commitment: to bear the freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1,779,642,876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;
    Georgia, Georgia GA Atlanta
    Hawaii Hawaii HI Honolulu Honolulu
    Idaho Idaho, ID Boise, Boise
    State of Illinois, Illinois IL Springfield Springfield
    IN Indianapolis Indianapolis, Indiana, Indiana, United States, countries (including countries such as China) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; welcome American helicopters, business aircraft and other changing necessities, Department Store , mobile phones, computers, etc.; deposit: 200 million yuan; participate in the commitment: to bear the freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1,779,642,876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;
    Iowa State, Iowa IA have to plum for the Des Moines
    Kansas, Kansas KS Topeka Topeka
    Kentucky State of Kentucky KY Frankfort Frankfort United States, countries (including countries such as China) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; welcome American helicopters, business aircraft for daily necessities, department stores, mobile phones, computers; Deposit: 200 million yuan; participants commitment: commitment to freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1,779,642,876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;
    Louisiana, the Louisiana LA Baton Rouge Baton Rouge
    Maine of Maine ME Augusta Augusta
    Maryland Maryland, MD Annapolis Annapolis
    Of MA Boston, Massachusetts, the state of Massachusetts, Boston USA, countries (including countries such as China) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; welcome American helicopters, business aircraft for daily necessities, department stores, mobile phones, computers; Deposit: 200 million yuan; participants commitment: commitment to freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1,779,642,876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;
    Michigan the Michigan MI Lansing Lansing
    Minnesota State of Minnesota MN Sao Paulo, St. Paul
    Mississippi of Mississippi MS Jackson Jackson
    Jefferson City, MO Jefferson City, Missouri, of Missouri, United States, countries (including China and other countries) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; American welcome helicopters, business aircraft for daily necessities, department store, mobile phones, computers, etc.; Deposit: 200 million yuan; participants commitment: commitment to freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1,779,642,876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;
    Montana, Montana, MT Helena Helena
    Nebraska of Nebraska NE Lincoln
    Nevada State of Nevada NV Carson City Carson City
    New Hampshire, New Hampshire NH Concord Concord United States, countries (including countries such as China) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; welcome American helicopters, business aircraft and other changing necessities, Department Store , mobile phones, computers, etc.; deposit: 200 million yuan; participate in the commitment: to bear the freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1,779,642,876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;
    New Jersey, New Jersey NJ Trenton Trenton
    Santa Fe, NM Santa Fe, New Mexico, the New Mexico
    New York State New York NY Albany Albany
    , North Carolina, North Carolina, the NC Naluo Li Raleigh United States, countries (including China and other countries) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; American welcome change daily necessities of helicopters, business aircraft, department stores, mobile phones, computers, etc.; Deposit: 200 million yuan; participants commitment: commitment to freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1,779,642,876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;
    North Dakota, North Dakota ND Bismarck Bismarck
    Ohio, Ohio, OH Columbus Columbus
    Oklahoma State of the Oklahoma OK Oklahoma City, Oklahoma City, United States, countries (including China and other countries) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; American welcome helicopter, business aircraft change daily necessities, department stores, mobile phones, computers, etc.; Deposit: 200 million yuan; participants commitment: commitment freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1779642876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;
    Oregon OR, Salem, Salem, Oregon
    Harrisburg Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania PA
    State of Rhode Island, Providence, Rhode Island RL Providence
    South Carolina come to Carolina, Columbia Columbia, South Carolina SC, United States, countries (including China and other countries) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; welcome American helicopters, business aircraft, such as change of daily necessities, department stores, mobile phones, computers, etc.; Deposit: 200 million yuan; participants commitment: commitment to freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1,779,642,876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;
    Pierre Pierre, South Dakota, South Dakota, SD
    Tennessee State of the Tennessee TN Nashville Nashville
    Texas TX Austin, Austin, Texas
    Utah, the Utah UT Salt Lake City, the Salt Lake City, United States, countries (including countries such as China) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; welcome American helicopters, business aircraft and other changing necessities, Department Store , mobile phones, computers, etc.; deposit: 200 million yuan; participate in the commitment: to bear the freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1,779,642,876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;
    Vermont, the Vermont VT Montpelier Montpelier
    Virginia State of Virginia, VA Richmond Richmond
    Washington, WA, Washington Olympia Olympia United States, countries (including countries such as China) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; welcome American helicopters, business aircraft for daily necessities, department stores, mobile phones, computers; Deposit: 200 million yuan; participants commitment: commitment to freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1,779,642,876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;
    Charleston Charleston, West Virginia, West Virginia, the WV
    Of Wisconsin WI Madison, Madison, Wisconsin
    Wyoming State of Wyoming WY Cheyenne Cheyenne United States, countries (including countries such as China) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; welcome American helicopters, business aircraft for daily necessities, department stores, cell phone computers; deposit: 200 million yuan; participate in the commitment: to bear the freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1,779,642,876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;

    Federal Territory – Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana. Overseas territories inhabited: the United States is Samoa, Guam, Midway Island, Johnston Island, the U.S. Virgin the Virgin Islands; uninhabited: Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Kingman Reef, Navassa Island American welcomes Pall Mill Island, Wake Island (now the only U.S. missile test base) countries (including China and other countries) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; helicopters, business aircraft to change daily necessities, department stores, mobile phones, computers, etc.; deposit: 200 million yuan; participants commitment: to bear the freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1779642876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;

    City
    Across the United States about 77 percent of the population living in urban areas, of which more than another half concentrated in 37 major metropolitan areas. These cities are shaping the culture, traditions and economy of the United States. In 2004, a total of 251 U.S. More than 100,000 people of the city, and nine metropolis of over one million people, including many important global cities, such as New York City, Los Angeles and Chicago. If the center of the metropolitan area are also enumerated, the United States, 50 more than a million people metropolis. The United States is a country in the selection of each year the world’s best cities to live, most domestic cities on the list.

    City metropolitan area population areas in ranking central cities of metropolitan area population ranked metropolitan area in 2010
    New York City New York City;; Chicago, Chicago; Dallas in Dallas; Philadelphia, Philadelphia; Houston, Houston, Los Angeles; Washington Washington, D. C. ; Miami, Miami; Atlanta; Boston Boston United States, countries (including China and other countries) barter project feasibility report (budget amount of money: more than 50 million yuan / each batch; American welcome helicopter, the official aircraft to change daily necessities, department stores , mobile phones, computers, etc.; deposit: 200 million yuan; participate in the commitment: to bear the freight, taxes, etc.; QQ: 1,779,642,876; E-Mail: 1779642876@qq.com;

    ——————-

    East Asian and Pacific Affairs of the U.S. State Department Assistant Secretary of State – Campbell, Kurt Campbell,

    ——————-

    Blonde Billionaires Empire Inc.Of U.S.A.

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    美國國務院東亞暨太平洋事務助理國務卿-康貝爾(Kurt Campbell)

    美國各州州名及首府中文州名英文州名縮寫中文首府名英文首府名美國,各國(含中國等國)易貨貿易項目可行性報告(預算資金額:5000萬元以上/每批;美國貨歡迎直升機,公務飛機等換日用品,百貨,手機,電腦等;押金:200萬元以上;參與方承諾:承擔運費,稅費等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;
    亞拉巴馬州Alabama AL 蒙哥馬利Montgomery
    阿拉斯加州 Alaska AK 朱諾 Juneau
    亞利桑那州 Arizona AZ 菲尼克斯 Phoenix
    阿肯色州Arkansas AR 小石城Little rock 美國,各國(含中國等國)易貨貿易項目可行性報告(預算資金額:5000萬元以上/每批;美國貨歡迎直升機,公務飛機等換日用品,百貨,手機,電腦等;押金:200萬元以上;參與方承諾:承擔運費,稅費等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;
    加利福尼亞州California CA 薩克拉門托Sacramento
    科羅拉多​​州 Colorado CO 丹佛 Denver
    康涅狄格州Connecticut CT 哈特福德Hartford
    特拉華州 Delaware DE 多佛 Dover
    佛羅里達州Florida FL 塔拉哈西Tallahassee 美國,各國(含中國等國)易貨貿易項目可行性報告(預算資金額:5000萬元以上/每批;美國貨歡迎直升機,公務飛機等換日用品,百貨,手機,電腦等;押金:200萬元以上;參與方承諾:承擔運費,稅費等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;
    佐治亞州 Georgia GA 亞特蘭大 Atlanta
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    愛達荷州 Idaho ID 博伊西 Boise
    伊利諾伊州Illinois IL 斯普林菲爾德Springfield
    印第安納州Indiana IN 印第安納波利斯Indianapolis 美國,各國(含中國等國)易貨貿易項目可行性報告(預算資金額:5000萬元以上/每批;美國貨歡迎直升機,公務飛機等換日用品,百貨,手機,電腦等;押金:200萬元以上;參與方承諾:承擔運費,稅費等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;
    艾奧瓦州 Iowa IA 得梅因 Des Moines
    堪薩斯州 Kansas KS 托皮卡 Topeka
    肯塔基州Kentucky KY 法蘭克福Frankfort 美國,各國(含中國等國)易貨貿易項目可行性報告(預算資金額:5000萬元以上/每批;美國貨歡迎直升機,公務飛機等換日用品,百貨,手機,電腦等;押金:200萬元以上;參與方承諾:承擔運費,稅費等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;
    路易斯安那州Louisiana LA 巴吞魯日Baton Rouge
    緬因州 Maine ME 奧古斯塔 Augusta
    馬里蘭州Maryland MD 安納波利斯Annapolis
    馬薩諸塞州Massachusetts MA 波士頓Boston 美國,各國(含中國等國)易貨貿易項目可行性報告(預算資金額:5000萬元以上/每批;美國貨歡迎直升機,公務飛機等換日用品,百貨,手機,電腦等;押金:200萬元以上;參與方承諾:承擔運費,稅費等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;
    密歇根州 Michigan MI 蘭辛 Lansing
    明尼蘇達州 Minnesota MN 聖保羅 St。 Paul
    密西西比州 Mississippi MS 傑克遜 Jackson
    密蘇里州Missouri MO 杰斐遜城Jefferson City 美國,各國(含中國等國)易貨貿易項目可行性報告(預算資金額:5000萬元以上/每批;美國貨歡迎直升機,公務飛機等換日用品,百貨,手機,電腦等;押金:200萬元以上;參與方承諾:承擔運費,稅費等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;
    蒙大拿州 Montana MT 海倫娜 Helena
    內布拉斯加州 Nebraska NE 林肯 Lincoln
    內華達州 Nevada NV 卡森城 Carson City
    新罕布什爾州New Hampshire NH 康科德Concord 美國,各國(含中國等國)易貨貿易項目可行性報告(預算資金額:5000萬元以上/每批;美國貨歡迎直升機,公務飛機等換日用品,百貨,手機,電腦等;押金:200萬元以上;參與方承諾:承擔運費,稅費等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;
    新澤西州 New Jersey NJ 特倫頓 Trenton
    新墨西哥州 New Mexico NM 聖菲 Santa Fe
    紐約州 New York NY 奧爾巴尼 Albany
    北卡羅來納州North Carolina NC 納羅利Raleigh 美國,各國(含中國等國)易貨貿易項目可行性報告(預算資金額:5000萬元以上/每批;美國貨歡迎直升機,公務飛機等換日用品,百貨,手機,電腦等;押金:200萬元以上;參與方承諾:承擔運費,稅費等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;
    北達科他州North Dakota ND 俾斯麥Bismarck
    俄亥俄州 Ohio OH 哥倫布 Columbus
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    南達科他州 South Dakota SD 皮爾 Pierre
    田納西州 Tennessee TN 納什維爾 Nashville
    德克薩斯州 Texas TX 奧斯汀 Austin
    猶他州Utah UT 鹽湖城Salt Lake City 美國,各國(含中國等國)易貨貿易項目可行性報告(預算資金額:5000萬元以上/每批;美國貨歡迎直升機,公務飛機等換日用品,百貨,手機,電腦等;押金:200萬元以上;參與方承諾:承擔運費,稅費等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;
    佛蒙特州 Vermont VT 蒙彼利埃 Montpelier
    弗吉尼亞州 Virginia VA 里士滿 Richmond
    華盛頓州Washington WA 奧林匹亞Olympia 美國,各國(含中國等國)易貨貿易項目可行性報告(預算資金額:5000萬元以上/每批;美國貨歡迎直升機,公務飛機等換日用品,百貨,手機,電腦等;押金:200萬元以上;參與方承諾:承擔運費,稅費等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;
    西弗吉尼亞州West Virginia WV 查爾斯頓Charleston
    威斯康星州 Wisconsin WI 麥迪遜 Madison
    懷俄明州Wyoming WY 夏延Cheyenne 美國,各國(含中國等國)易貨貿易項目可行性報告(預算資金額:5000萬元以上/每批;美國貨歡迎直升機,公務飛機等換日用品,百貨,手機,電腦等;押金:200萬元以上;參與方承諾:承擔運費,稅費等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;
     
    聯邦領地-波多黎各自由聯邦、北馬里亞納。海外領地有人居住:美屬薩摩亞、關島、中途島、約翰斯頓島、美屬維爾京群島;   無人居住:貝克島、豪​​蘭島、賈維斯島、金曼礁、納弗沙島、帕爾米爾島、威克島(現僅有美國導彈試驗基地)美國,各國(含中國等國)易貨貿易項目可行性報告(預算資金額:5000萬元以上/每批;美國貨歡迎直升機,公務飛機等換日用品,百貨,手機,電腦等;押金:200萬元以上;參與方承諾:承擔運費,稅費等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;

    城市
    全美國有大約77%的人口居住於城市地區,其中又有半數以上集中於37座主要的大城市。這些城市也形塑了美國的文化、傳統和經濟。在2004年,全美共有251個超過十萬人的都市,以及9個超過百萬人的大都市,包括了許多重要的全球城市,例如紐約市、洛杉磯和芝加哥。若將市中心外的都會區域也算進去的話,美國有50個超過了百萬人的大都會。美國是每年世界最佳居住城市評選中,國內城市上榜最多的國家。

     

    2010年美國都會區人口排名都會區排名中心城市市名都會區人口地區
    紐約市New York City;洛杉磯Los Angeles;芝加哥Chicago;達拉斯Dallas ;費城Philadelphia ;休斯敦Houston ;華盛頓Washington,D。 C。 ;邁阿密Miami ; 亞特蘭大Atlanta ;波士頓Boston 美國,各國(含中國等國)易貨貿易項目可行性報告(預算資金額:5000萬元以上/每批;美國貨歡迎直升機,公務飛機等換日用品,百貨,手機,電腦等;押金:200萬元以上;參與方承諾:承擔運費,稅費等;QQ:1779642876 ;E-Mail:1779642876@qq.com ;

    ——————-

    美國國務院東亞暨太平洋事務助理國務卿-康貝爾(Kurt Campbell)

    ——————-

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    美国总统是奥巴马;国务卿是希拉里*克林顿执政时代…

  2. 美国公务员包括联邦和地方政府公务员,还包括联邦和地方所属科研和文化机构的职员,以及法官、消防人员、警察、邮政工作人员和公立学校的工作人员

    英国的公务员仅包括全职和兼职政府雇员两部分。

      为使各国公务员的数量有可比性,采取“政府财政供养”这一统一标准,对所有财政供养人员做一统计,再看孰多孰少。

    据统计,新加坡公务员6万多人,英国公务员50多万人。

    英国公务员比新加坡公务员多出好几倍
    新加坡的人口比英国少很多。因此,还是用“官民比”来比较更恰当。

      根据调查和计算得出:英国“官民比”最低,为1:118,也就是说,118个公民“供养”一个公务员,平均每个公务员管理和服务118个公民。这一比例,在加拿大最高,达1:9.8,意味着-平均不到10人中,就有一位政府财政供养人员。此外,法国的“官民比”是1:12.7,德国是1:13.7,俄罗斯是1:84.7,日本是1:28.5,新加坡是1:71.4,美国是1:12.7,南非是1:31.1,韩国是1:50.1,印度是1:109.5。

    有线电视新闻网财经频道(CNNMoney)报道,超级政治行动委员会的100名捐助者占这类捐款的80%。负责政治中心(Center for Responsive Politics)的数据显示,其中46名最大捐款人拿出6700万美元,占超级政治行动委员会个人捐款1.12亿美元的三分之二。这个小团体成员每人至少捐款50万美元。

    CNNMoney说,金融服务巨擘在这批人占多数,其次为能源主管和酒店大亨。他们几乎全是男性,几乎没有少数族裔代表。到目前为止,这些人的捐款基本上都到了保守团体那里。

    公众伦理中心(Center for Public Integrity)政治主编顿巴尔(John Dunbar)说,“我们看到一种很奇怪的现象。”他说,超级政治行动委员会的捐款人可以根据他们对参选人的偏好划分类别。

    支持贝恩资本前执行长罗姆尼的超级政治行动委员会主要吸引来自华尔街的捐款人,尤其是私人基金或对冲基金“玩家”。

    对冲基金经理鲍尔森(John Paulson)在2008年抵押贷款危机中收益率高达600%。他已经向支持罗姆尼的超级政治行动委员会捐款100万美元。老虎基金管理(Tiger Management)、贝恩资本(Bain Capital)等机构也有大批捐款。

    负责政治中心的诺瓦克(Viveca Novak)说,“金融业是很有钱的行业,也是罗姆尼很熟悉的行业,它是捐款主要来源也就毫不奇怪。”

    支持罗姆尼的超级政治行动委员会所得到捐款大都超过100万美元。大笔个人捐款也进入支持金里奇(Newt Gingrich)、桑托勒姆(Rick Santorum)和保罗(Ron Paul)的超级政治行动委员会。

    拉斯维加斯金沙集团(Las Vegas Sands)执行长阿德森(Sheldon Adelson)及其家人已经为支持金里奇的超级政治行动委员会“赢得我们的未来”捐款1500万美元。阿德森及其妻子上个月捐款500万美元,占该委员会2月捐款的90%。由于金里奇的竞选班子筹款困难,几乎毫不夸张地说是阿德森的慷慨解囊维持众议院前议长继续竞选。

    硅谷创业基金资本家、伊贝(eBay)共同创办人希尔(Peter Thiel)为支持保罗的超级政治行动委员会捐款260万美元,占该团体上月筹款总额的70%。桑托勒姆也有自己的捐款大户。

    支持选举法改革的竞选法律中心(Campaign Legal Center)律师瑞安(Paul S. Ryan)说,我们有一小部分捐款人维持某些参选人的活力。“那是‘爱丽丝漫游奇景’状况,它蔑视逻辑性。”

    批评者说,某些个人的超大额捐款提出他们的动机问题,也提出富豪对参选人和选举的影响问题。

    瑞安说,“美国选举是靠非常狭窄的特殊利益出资,它产生的效果就是让我们的民主政治看起来更像财阀政治。”

    最高法院2010年1月21日的“公民团结(Citizens United)裁决”打开了无限政治捐款的闸门,在独立竞选开支上,个人和公司都可以“平等的”行驶“言论自由”权利。

    最高法院的裁决允许超级政治行动委员会无限制地从公司、工会、协会或个人那里筹款,也可以无限制地花钱公开支持或攻击某个政治候选人。

    布鲁金斯学院研究员托马斯·曼(Thomas Mann)说,要确定超级富豪捐款人的动机很难。他们是由于意识形态还是经济利益驱动,或者两者兼有?

    在公司杠杆并购过程中发挥关键作用的西蒙斯(Harold Simmons)为上述问题提供某些内幕线索。西蒙斯为保守的超级政治行动委员会捐款1800万美元,并承诺捐出更多。他在接受《华尔街日报》采访时表示对总统奥巴马很不高兴,称奥巴马是“社会主义者”。同时,西蒙斯的公司都将因为放松监管而受益。他说,如果共和党在11月大选中表现良好,“我们就能阻止那些垃圾(监管)”。

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    U.S. civil servants, including federal and local government civil servants, including the staff of the federal and local-owned research and cultural institutions, as well as judges, firefighters, police, postal staff, and public school staff
    British civil servants only two parts of the full-time and part-time government employees.
    Number of national civil services comparable to take the uniform standards of government financial support “, to support staff on all financial, statistical, and look at what what less.
    According to statistics, more than 60000 Singapore Civil Service, British civil servants over 50 million people.
    British civil servants than the Singapore Civil Service several times more
    Singapore’s population is less than the United Kingdom. Therefore, “the official China than to compare the more appropriate.
    According to the investigation and calculated: British officials and the public than the minimum, 1:118, that is, 118 citizens to “support” a civil servant, the average civil service management and service of 118 citizens. This proportion is highest in Canada, up to 1:9.8, to support staff means that – an average of less than 10 people, there is a government financial In addition, French officials and the public than is 1:12.7, Germany is 1:13.7, Russia is 1:84.7, Japan, 1:28.5, Singapore is 1:71.4, the United States is 1:12.7, South Africa is a 1:31.1, South Korea 1:50.1, India is 1:109.5.
    CNN reports, the financial channel (CNNMoney) super political action committee, 100 donors accounted for 80 percent of such contributions. Responsible for the political center (the Center for Responsive Politics,) data show that 46 of the largest contributors to come up with $ 67 million, accounting for the super political action committees individual donations of $ 112 million two-thirds. Small groups of members each contributing at least $ 500,000.
    CNNMoney said that the financial services giant that group accounted for the majority, followed by energy executives and hotel tycoon. They are almost all male, almost no representatives of ethnic minorities. So far, the contributions of these people are basically conservative groups.
    Public Ethics Center (Center for Public the Integrity) political editor Gordon Barr, John Dunbar, said, “We see a very strange phenomenon.” He said, super political action committee contributions to candidates based on their preferences categorized.
    Super political action committee to support Romney, former chief executive of Bain Capital to attract contributions from Wall Street, private funds or hedge fund players.
    The hedge fund manager Paulson (John Paulson) yields as high as 600 percent in the 2008 mortgage crisis. He has to support Romney’s super political action committee donated $ 1 million. Tiger Fund (Tiger Management), Bain Capital (Bain Capital) and other institutions also have a large number of donations.
    Responsible for the political center, said Novak Viveca Novak, “The financial industry is a very wealthy industry, Romney is very familiar with the industry, it is the major contributions of sources is not surprising.”
    Romney’s super political action committee to get donations mostly over 1 million U.S. dollars. Large sums of individual contributions into super political action committee Gingrich (Newt Gingrich), Santo Haslem (Rick Santorum) and Paul (Ron Paul).
    Mr. Adelson, the Las Vegas Sands (of Las Vegas Sands) CEO Sheldon Adelson and their families to support Gingrich’s super political action committee “to win the future” contributions of $ 15 million. Mr. Adelson and his wife last month donated 5 million U.S. dollars, accounting for 90% of the contributions of the Committee in February. Gingrich’s campaign fund-raising difficulties, almost no exaggeration to say that Mr. Adelson’s generosity to maintain the former Speaker of the House of Representatives to continue to campaign.
    The capitalists of Silicon Valley venture capital funds, irbesartan (eBay), co-founder of Hill, Peter Thiel, in support of Paul’s super political action committee donated $ 2.6 million, accounting for 70% of the group last month, the total raised. Santo Haslem also has its own contributions to large.
    Ryan (Paul S. Ryan), support for electoral law reform campaign (the Campaign Legal Center) Law, Law Center, said, We have a small part of donors to maintain the vitality of some of the candidates. “It was ‘Alice wonders’ status, its contempt for logic.”
    Critics say that the large amount of contributions of certain individuals to raise their motivation, also raised the problem of rich candidates and election.
    Ryan said that the U.S. election financed by a very narrow special interests, it produces the effect is to make our democracy looks more like a plutocracy. ”
    The ruling of the Supreme Court on January 21, 2010, the civic unity of Citizens United, opened the floodgates of unlimited political contributions in independent campaign spending on individuals and companies can be “equal” drive “free speech” rights.
    The Supreme Court’s decision to allow the super political action committee unrestricted fundraising from companies, unions, associations or individuals, can also be unlimited money to publicly support or attack a political candidate.
    Brookings Institution Fellow Thomas Mann Thomas Mann said, it is difficult to determine the motives of the super-rich donors. They are due to ideology or economic benefits, or both?
    Simmons, Harold Simmons, play a key role in the company leveraged buy-outs for the above questions provide some insider clues. Simmons for a conservative super political action committee donated $ 18 million, and promised to donate more. He said in an interview with the Wall Street Journal, President Obama was very unhappy, saying that Obama is “socialist”. The same time, Simmons will be the deregulation benefit. He said that if the Republican performance in the November general election, “we will be able to stop those who refuse (Regulatory).
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