澳大利亚将向大矿企业征收高额矿产资源租赁税

澳大利亚将向大矿企业征收高额矿产资源租赁税
2012年,堪培拉,3月19日深夜,澳大利亚备受争议的矿产资源租赁税议案,以38票对32票,通过参议院投票。根据相关规定,澳大利亚政府将于今年7月1日起,对“超大”规模矿企业征收煤和铁矿石两类资源的矿产资源租赁税。

  澳总理吉拉德曾表示,“这将是澳大利亚历史上一次深刻的经济改革。”吉拉德说,此项举措旨在对在澳洲经营的大矿企的巨额利润部分征税,以使取自于澳大利亚土地的资源所得收益,可以被更多的、尤其是较贫困的澳大利亚人民所享受,以打造更加公平、平等的经济模式。

  由于澳洲联邦政府认为-这些大型矿业公司在生产过程中,耗费大量水资源、占用大量公共设施,因此,应向联邦政府缴税。2009年底,时任澳洲国库部秘书长肯·亨利曾向联邦政府提交税务评估报告。他建议,废除目前各州政府向矿业征收的特许开采税,以一个全国性的、统一的资源租赁税取而代之。他说,这将为澳洲联邦政府每年增加数十亿澳元的税收。

  2010年5月,当这一法案酝酿出台之时,由于牵扯一些大矿企业重大利益,曾引起多方争议。时任总理陆克文很大程度上,是因为没有处理好与大矿企业的关系,陷入政治困境。当时,联邦政府拟推出的资源租赁税税率,设定为40%,如此设置,是参照政府对石油产品征收的石油资源租赁税税率。根据澳洲联邦财政部的计算,如果在过去三年中,资源租赁税被施用于铁矿石、煤炭等资源,和包括必和必拓、力拓等大矿产公司上,澳洲联邦政府的税收将增加140亿澳元(约合149亿美元)。

  此次法案能够获得参议院通过,有三方面的原因。一方面,多年以来,澳大利亚矿商获得创纪录的盈利和利润率,同时,有大量外资在经营这些大矿企或者持有部分股份,使得相当一部分收益,流出澳大利亚。另一方面,为应对金融危机,澳大利亚政府曾经推出大规模经济刺激计划,国家财政负担很大,近年来,一直出现赤字。出于拉选票实现连任的考虑,现任工党政府决心在下一财政年度,使国家经济收入实现盈余,而增加税收,是实现这一目标十分重要和有效的方式。第三,与工党和独立议员组成联合政府的绿党积极游说,促成了法案的通过。

  但是,许多澳洲矿企业对大幅征税表示不满,甚至向政府发出威胁。西澳矿企业-福蒂斯丘金属有限公司集团20日证实,已经开始就该项税制,向高级法院提出相关诉讼一事咨询律师。该公司发言人说,矿业资源租赁税“不公平、短视、庞杂、无效,将减少资源行业的投资和就业”。他表示,公司正在就法律事务咨询律师,将在法案正式实施后,启动法律程序。

B.B.E.I.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-mail: 1779642876@qq.com

据此,大陆房价将止跌,始涨…

澳大利亞將向大礦企業徵收高額礦產資源租賃稅
2012年,堪培拉,3月19日深夜,澳大利亞備受爭議的礦產資源租賃稅議案,以38票對32票,通過參議院投票。根據相關規定,澳大利亞政府將於今年7月1日起,對“超大”規模礦企業徵收煤和鐵礦石兩類資源的礦產資源租賃稅。

澳總理吉拉德曾表示,“這將是澳大利亞歷史上一次深刻的經濟改革。”吉拉德說,此項舉措旨在對在澳洲經營的大礦企的巨額利潤部分徵稅,以使取自於澳大利亞土地的資源所得收益,可以被更多的、尤其是較貧困的澳大利亞人民所享受,以打造更加公平、平等的經濟模式。

由於澳洲聯邦政府認為-這些大型礦業公司在生產過程中,耗費大量水資源、佔用大量公共設施,因此,應向聯邦政府繳稅。 2009年底,時任澳洲國庫部秘書長肯·亨利曾向聯邦政府提交稅務評估報告。他建議,廢除目前各州政府向礦業徵收的特許開採稅,以一個全國性的、統一的資源租賃稅取而代之。他說,這將為澳洲聯邦政府每年增加數十億澳元的稅收。

2010年5月,當這一法案醞釀出台之時,由於牽扯一些大礦企業重大利益,曾引起多方爭議。時任總理陸克文很大程度上,是因為沒有處理好與大礦企業的關係,陷入政治困境。當時,聯邦政府擬推出的資源租賃稅稅率,設定為40%,如此設置,是參照政府對石油產品徵收的石​​油資源租賃稅稅率。根據澳洲聯邦財政部的計算,如果在過去三年中,資源租賃稅被施用於鐵礦石、煤炭等資源,和包括必和必拓、力拓等大礦產公司上,澳洲聯邦政府的稅收將增加140億澳元(約合149億美元)。

此次法案能夠獲得參議院通過,有三方面的原因。一方面,多年以來,澳大利亞礦商獲得創紀錄的盈利和利潤率,同時,有大量外資在經營這些大礦企或者持有部分股份,使得相當一部分收益,流出澳大利亞。另一方面,為應對金融危機,澳大利亞政府曾經推出大規模經濟刺激計劃,國家財政負擔很大,近年來,一直出現赤字。出於拉選票實現連任的考慮,現任工黨政府決心在下一財政年度,使國家經濟收入實現盈餘,而增加稅收,是實現這一目標十分重要和有效的方式。第三,與工黨和獨立議員組成聯合政府的綠黨積極遊說,促成了法案的通過。

但是,許多澳洲礦企業對大幅徵稅表示不滿,甚至向政府發出威脅。西澳礦企業-福蒂斯丘金屬有限公司集團20日證實,已經開始就該項稅制,向高級法院提出相關訴訟一事諮詢律師。該公司發言人說,礦業資源租賃稅“不公平、短視、龐雜、無效,將減少資源行業的投資和就業”。他表示,公司正在就法律事務諮詢律師,將在法案正式實施後,啟動法律程序。

B.B.E.I.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-mail: 1779642876@qq.com

據此,大陸房價將止跌,始漲…

Australia will mine companies to impose high Mineral Resource Rent Tax
2012, Canberra, March 19 midnight, Australia controversial of the motion of the Mineral Resource Rent Tax, 38 votes to 32, the Senate vote. According to the relevant provisions of the Australian Government will be from July 1 this year, the “large” scale mining enterprises impose two types of resources of coal and iron ore Mineral Resource Rent Tax.

Australian Prime Minister Gillard said, “This will be a profound economic reform in Australia’s history.” Girard said, this initiative is designed to taxation of the huge profits of big mining enterprises operating in Australia, so that take the proceeds from Australia’s land resources can be more, especially the poorer people of Australia enjoy, to create a fairer, more equitable economic model.

Australian Federal Government believes that – these large-scale mining companies in the production process, a lot of water, take up a lot of public facilities, so should the federal government tax. The end of 2009, when he was Ken Henry, Secretary to the Treasury of Australia, told the federal government to submit a tax assessment report. He suggested that the abolition of state governments levy to the mining concession mining tax, a national, uniform resource rent tax instead. He said the federal government for Australian annual increase of $ billions of tax.

In May 2010, when this bill is brewing out, due to involve some of the major interests of the large mining enterprises, has attracted much controversy. Prime Minister Kevin Rudd a large extent, when he did not deal with large mining companies, mired in political difficulties. At that time, the federal government intends to launch the Resource Rent Tax rate set to 40%, so the set is a reference to petroleum resource rental tax rate levied by the government on petroleum products. According to the Australian Federal Treasury calculations in the past three years, the Resource Rent Tax is applied to iron ore, coal and other resources, including BHP Billiton, Rio Tinto and other mining companies, the Australian federal government tax revenue will increase by 14 billion Australian dollars (U.S. $ 14.9 billion).

The bill passed by the Senate, there are three reasons. The one hand, over the years, the Australian mining companies record profits and profit margins at the same time, a large number of foreign investment in the business of these large mining enterprises or part of the shares held, making a considerable portion of income outflow to Australia. On the other hand, in response to the financial crisis, the Australian Government has launched massive economic stimulus plan, the state’s financial burden in recent years, has been a deficit. Consider re-election for the votes and the determination of the current Labour government in the next financial year, the country’s economic revenue surplus, tax increases, to achieve this goal is very important and effective manner. Third, the composition of the coalition government, the Greens and the Labor Party and the independent Members actively lobbying led to passage of the bill.

However, many Australian mining companies expressed dissatisfaction with a substantial tax, and even issued a threat to the government. Mining enterprises of Western Australia – Fortescue Metal Group confirmed on the 20th, has already begun in respect of the tax system, to the High Court proceedings regarding consult with a lawyer. Mining Resource Rent Tax “unfair, short-sighted, and numerous invalid, will reduce the resources sector investment and employment”, the company spokesman said. He said that the company is the legal affairs consult with a lawyer, will after the formal implementation of the Act, legal proceedings.

B.B.E.I.
QQ: 1,779,642,876
E-mail: 1779642876@qq.com

Accordingly, the mainland prices will be stabilized before up …