当代世界上的女总统/总理,2012-03-08

当代世界上的女总统/总理,2012-03-08
随着时代的前进和世界范围内女性地位的提高,各国女性参与政治早已不是什么新鲜事。她们中的一些佼佼者登上了各自国家的权力顶峰。

德国总理默克尔

默克尔,1954年7月17日,出生于汉堡的一个牧师家庭。小时候,显露出科学方面的天才。1973年,凭着数学、科学和语言几门功课的优异成绩,默克尔进入莱比锡大学学习物理学。

1973年—1978年,在莱比锡大学攻读物理学期间,默克尔已经是原东德“自由德国青年”组织的地区领导,该组织鼎盛时期,一度有300万名成员。因此,有人说,这个组织是默克尔的第一个政治舞台,是她成为组织者和战略家的训练场。1986年,她获得莱比锡大学物理化学博士学位。她的论文,是关于碳氢化合物反应的速度常数计算。毕业后,她在原东德科学院物理化学研究中心从事科研工作。

1989年,35岁的默克尔加入“民主觉醒”运动,正式开始了自己的政治生涯。 1990年,她随该党,加入基督教民主联盟。在时任基民盟领袖、德国总理赫尔穆特·科尔提携下,默克尔先后出任德国青年妇女部长、环境部长、基民盟秘书长和副主席等职。同僚眼中,默克尔女士沉稳、务实、工作勤奋。

2000年,科尔和时任基民盟主席的朔伊布勒先后卷入政治献金丑闻后,默克尔立即公开表示反对科尔。在朔伊布勒被迫辞职之后,默克尔当选基民盟主席,成为该党历史上,第一位担任党领袖的女性,成为德国战后首位女性大党领袖。此后几年中,默克尔迅速领导基民盟克服危机,出人意料地一次次成功应对挑战,稳坐主席一职。她的政治领导能力和坚忍不拔的精神逐渐显露。坚强自信的默克尔,名副其实地荣膺德国政坛“铁娘子”称号。当时,就有人猜测,默克尔可能会显露锋芒,争夺总理职务。
2002年总理选举,默克尔主动“让路”,由基民盟的姊妹党——基督教社会联盟主席施托伊贝尔出面,挑战施罗德,未能成功。但是,此举巩固了默克尔在联盟党(基民盟与基社盟两党合称联盟党)内的绝对领导地位。从2002年9月起,她兼任联盟党议会党团主席。

之后,她率领基民盟在地方选举接连获得胜利,特别是2005年5月20日在北威州的选举中,一举拿下施罗德所在社会民主党执政39年的大本营,引发德国政治地震。5月底,施罗德被迫宣布提前举行全国大选后,51岁的默克尔,在联盟党联席会议上,未经投票表决,即被正式提名为联盟党总理候选人。默克尔会后表示,德国大选,是为了德国未来,“我愿意为德国效力”。默克尔将作为德国历史上首位女性总理候选人,当年9月的大选中。

在9月大选中,默克尔刷新政坛纪录,击败施罗德,成为德国历史上首位女总理。

2005年11月,她出任联盟党和社民党大联合政府总理,并继续担任基民盟主席。根据权力分配协议,社民党将获得内阁外交、财政、劳工、司法、卫生、运输、环境和发展部部长职位。
联盟党成员将入主国防、内政、农业、家庭和教育等部门。

2009年9月27日,默克尔连任总理。

2011年11月,福布斯,2011权力人物榜:作为欧洲最大经济体的德国继续在麻烦不断的欧盟发挥巨大影响力,为此,德国总理默克尔保持榜单上第四的位置。

默克尔经历过两次婚姻。第一次结婚,是在1977年,婚姻仅维持了5年。默克尔与前夫乌尔里希·默克尔,在1981年结束了婚姻。之后,几年,默克尔和化学教授约阿希姆·绍尔,开始在一起生活,两人一直没有结婚。绍尔和默克尔都曾在原东德科学院工作。事实上,在此之前,两人就已经相识。当时,默克尔还在攻读博士学位,时年37岁的绍尔,正是她的指导老师。直到1998年,默克尔升任基督教民主联盟副主席后,有人对她的身份,以及她与绍尔的非婚同居,提出质疑,默克尔才同绍尔正式成婚,再婚后,没有改姓。

泰国总理英拉

英拉·西那瓦,1967年6月21日,出生于泰国北部清迈府,祖籍广东省梅州市丰顺县,客家人后裔,有1/4的中国血统。她的父亲是移居泰国的第三代华裔,曾当选清迈国会议员,她的母亲茵滴是清迈王室后裔。英拉是泰国前总理他信的九个兄妹中年纪最小的妹妹,她比他信小18岁。深得家族宠爱。作为清迈名门望族的掌上明珠,英拉自幼接受良好教育,在当地女子学校完成初、高中学业。1988年,21岁的英拉,获得清迈大学政治与公共管理学士学位后,追随长兄他信的脚步,前往美国留学,在肯塔基州立大学,攻读公共管理硕士学位。

西那瓦家族,长期在清迈富甲一方,直到家族第四代的佼佼者-他信,在20世纪80年代,涉足电信领域后,才迅速崛起为泰国商界屈指可数的几大家族之一。1991年,英拉学成回国。作为商业家族的成员,英拉的事业之路,早已被规划好,她没有“学以致用”地进入公共管理部门,直接加入西那瓦家族旗下的企业,担任西那瓦电话公司的采购经理和运营经理。1994年,英拉担任了泰国国际传媒集团子公司彩虹传媒的总经理,之后,升任该集团副首席执行官。2001年,西那瓦家族当家人-他信当选泰国第16任总理,西那瓦家族的荣耀,达到顶峰。2002年,35岁的英拉,被家族任命为泰国最大移动运营商AIS的首席执行官,被泰国媒体誉为“魅力十足、事业成功”的年轻女性。2006年,西那瓦家族,将在AIS的股权,卖给新加坡淡马锡公司,创下泰国有史以来,涉及外资的最大企业并购案,一时之间,在泰国社会引起轩然大波,并成为反对派攻击他信“出卖”国家利益的主要口实。英拉随后,辞去在AIS的职务,改任西那瓦家族另一企业SC地产公司的执行总裁。作为典型的“富N代”,英拉在拥有成功的无限风光的同时,也受到了很多质疑,认为,她只是凭借他信和家族的背景才有如此成就。2005年,英拉在接受泰国媒体采访时,曾经坦承,自己作为总理和泰国首富的妹妹的身份,就像一把“双刃剑”,很多人认定,自己不是靠能力获得成功,这种质疑将激励她拿出令人信服的成绩,来证明“富N代”,非等闲之辈。在担任SC地产公司执行总裁的几年时间里,特别是,在他信于2006年9月被军事政变赶下台后,英拉沉着应对整个西那瓦家族所处的不利政治环境,用公司股票市值上涨101%的成绩,回答了外界对她所有的怀疑。—位商界同行评价英拉,为人“诚实、隐忍”,在商业竞争中,从不攻击对手,总是尽量避免冲突。

2011年5月初,阿披实总理宣布,解散下议院,启动大选进程。5月16日,为泰党宣布,提名英拉,为该党排名第一的候选人,获胜后,将推举英拉担任总理。自此,英拉正式登上政治舞台,她既不是党主席,也不是党的执委,作为他信的亲妹妹,其地位,在为泰党内,是众望所归的。他信,虽财产被没收,本人因背负泰国政府全球通缉令,流亡国外,对支持他信的泰国许多下层民众来说,他信始终是给他们带来实实在在好处的总理,受到了“不公正”的审判,对他信的遭遇,寄予极大同情。英拉代兄出征,立即赢得他信支持者的欢迎。

英拉叱咤商界多年,她步入政坛不久,缺乏政治经验;英拉作为总理竞选人的优势,在于形象好,政治背景清白,会获得许多他信支持者的力顶。英拉表示,将利用自己的女性特质,为国贡献。鉴于哥哥他信,在泰国的影响力,她被认为是为泰党赢得胜利的最大筹码。

2011年8月5日,在第24届国会下议院第二次会议上,英拉作为 泰国为泰党总理候选人,当选为泰国第28位总理,成为泰国历史上首位女总理。

英拉初出茅庐,大获成功,除了人心思变之外,更主要是因为,她延续了他信时期,向草根阶层倾斜的一系列惠民政策。在竞选期间,英拉代表为泰党,宣布旨在实现国家全面脱贫的“2020愿景”,承诺在2013年,将公司所得税由30%,调降至20%,将工人最低日工资,提高至300铢,大学毕业生的起步月工资,提高到1.5万铢;在惠农政策方面,将每吨稻米保护价,提高到1.5万铢,向农民提供相当于预期收入70%以上的优惠贷款;在社会服务方面,宣布将建立免费WI-FI网络,向每个学生提供简易电脑;为减轻民众负担,将取消燃油消费基金,使每升燃油价格,下降5—7铢。上述政策,获得了民众的欢迎,人们期待英拉能恢复他信时期欣欣向荣的泰国经济。

澳大利亚总理吉拉德

茱莉亚-吉拉德,1961年9月29日,出生于英国威尔士格拉摩根山谷的小镇巴瑞,5岁时,随父母移居澳大利亚的阿德莱德市,获墨尔本大学法律和文学双学士学位。 吉拉德身材高挑,一头红发,外表温婉和蔼,作为女人,是出了名的冷静沉着,从不发火。

1983年,吉拉德当选为澳大利亚学生联合会主席;1996年,成为维多利亚州工党领袖约翰·布伦比的秘书长;1998年,首次代表工党参加联邦大选,并在维多利亚州的工党“传统选区”——拉洛(Lalor),高票当选。

2001年,吉拉德进入联邦反对派的“影子内阁”, 先后曾负责移民、卫生、以及劳工关系等事务。在陆克文担任反对党领袖时,吉拉德就是副领袖。多年一直是工党干练的二把手。 她有句名言:“政治从不适合胆怯柔弱的人,而我认为,自己是个性格坚韧的人。”由于她出名的强势,有媒体称,她有点“像撒切尔夫人”,是位能干的“铁娘子”。吉拉德忙于政事,在个人生活上,无暇自顾,至今,未婚。

2004年,工党连续第四次,在联邦大选中失利,外界曾期待吉拉德出任工党领袖,被婉拒。 2006年12月,吉拉德和陆克文搭档,成功竞选到工党的领导权;陆克文出任领袖,吉拉德担任副手。

2007年11月24日,工党在澳大利亚联邦大选中,终于获得了胜利。当月29日,陆克文成为澳大利亚总理,他任命吉拉德为副总理,于是,她成为澳大利亚历史上首位女副总理。

在陆克文内阁,吉拉德有“明星”之誉。陆克文本人赞口不绝,夸她是一位“极妙的副总理,总有一天,会成为一位极妙的总理”。现在,这一天到来了。 吉拉德两年多前,作为陆克文的竞选搭档、工党副领袖,被任命为副总理兼“教育、就业和劳工关系部”部长。这位时仅46岁的女性,就成为澳大利亚历史上首位女性副总理,她管理的超级部门,合并了前政府三个部门,包括,劳资关系、就业和教育的职能。此前,霍华德政府时期,这三个职位,分别分给三位不同的部长担当。
《澳大利亚人报》评价道:在陆克文内阁,吉拉德一向是明星,这就是她的能力……在议会地板上,疾步如飞,如鱼得水。

这一安排,得到了来自行业的支持,澳大利亚工业集团的首席执行官希瑟·利多特,对于她的胜任,很有信心:“你给这位有能力的女性,一项重大任务,她将圆满完成。不过,她需要得到很多的支持。”

由于管理任务过重,在政策制定整合上,他们很少能完成目标。在回应质疑时,陆克文表示,相信吉拉德的能力,他说:“这是为极具才华的人,准备的一份艰巨工作。”

2010年6月24日,澳大利亚工党举行投票,陆克文近期,在碳交易计划上,立场反复、决定向澳洲矿业征收“资源超级利得税”等决策,导致声望下滑,遭到工党内右翼势力的抵制;加上他放弃票选,吉拉德就成功当选,成为澳洲历史上首任女总理。

2010年8月21日,议会大选,吉拉德领导的澳大利亚工党,和托尼·艾伯特(Tony Abbott)领导的反对派联盟,皆无法取得过半数议席,澳大利亚出现70年来第一次“无多数议会”的僵局。经过两个多星期讨价还价,工党仅凭独立议员支持的两席微弱优势,击败反对联盟,总理吉拉德实现连任,组建澳大利亚,近70年来,第一个少数派政府。

吉拉德,于2010年9月14日,在首都堪培拉政府大厦,向总督昆廷·布赖斯宣誓,出任新一任总理,成为澳大利亚第一任女总理。吉拉德称自己是一个“努力工作”、“希望看到变化”的人,在政治上则是一个“实际的人,喜欢解决问题”。她表示,虽然身兼要职,压力很大,但她很“喜欢”这样的生活。不过,她表示,私下里,她是个“非常放松和安静的人,喜欢开玩笑”。

吉拉德表示,将限制移民数量、放弃陆克文提出的“大澳大利亚”计划。该计划通过将目前每年移民约10—13万,提高到18—20万。

当前,在位的政治女强人中,有芬兰总统塔里娅 哈洛宁、爱尔兰总统玛 丽麦卡利斯、美国国务卿希拉里 克林顿、新西兰总理海伦 克拉克、阿根廷总统克里斯蒂娜 费尔南德斯。
Female president / prime minister in the contemporary world ,2012-03-08
With the progress of the times and to improve the status of women worldwide, the national women’s participation in politics is nothing new. The leader of them climbed the summit of power in their respective countries.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel

Angela Merkel, July 17, 1954, was born in Hamburg into a clerical family. Childhood, revealing the genius of science. In 1973, with the excellent results of the subjects of math, science and language, Merkel entered the University of Leipzig to study physics.

1973 -1978 years, during studying physics at the University of Leipzig, Merkel is already the regional leadership of the former East Germany, the Free German Youth organization, the organization’s heyday was three million members. Therefore, it was said that this organization is Merkel’s first political arena, she became the organizer and strategist of the training ground. In 1986, she received a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the University of Leipzig. Her thesis is on the hydrocarbon reaction rate constant calculation. After graduation, she engaged in research work in the former East German Academy of Physical Chemistry Research Center.

In 1989, 35-year-old Angela Merkel joined the Democratic Awakening movement officially began his political career. In 1990, she and her party, joined the Christian Democratic Union. When CDU leader, guide and support the German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, Merkel has served as a young German women ministers, Minister of Environment, CDU Secretary-General and Vice-Chairman and other staff. In the eyes of colleagues, Merkel calm, pragmatic, hard work.

In 2000, Cole when he was Chairman of the CDU, Schäuble has become involved in political donations scandal, Merkel immediately said publicly that oppose Cole. Schaeuble was forced to resign after Angela Merkel was elected chairman of the CDU, the party’s history, the first woman to hold the party leaders of women, to become the first woman Leader of the German postwar. The next several years, Merkel has quickly led the CDU to overcome the crisis, an unexpected time to successfully deal with challenges, sit tight in the post of President. Her political leadership and perseverance gradually emerged. Strong and confident Merkel, literally and figuratively, was awarded the title of “Iron Lady” of German politics. At that time, there was speculation that Merkel may reveal the edge to compete for the prime minister.
The 2002 election of Prime Minister, Angela Merkel initiative “Give Way” by the CDU’s sister party – the Christian Social Union, 席施托伊贝尔 come forward to challenge Schroeder failed to succeed. However, the move to consolidate the absolute leadership position for Angela Merkel in the Union Party (CDU and CSU bipartisan collectively known as the Alliance Party). Since September 2002, she concurrently Chairman of the parliamentary group of the Alliance Party.

After that, she led the CDU successive victory in local elections, especially in the elections in North Rhine-Westphalia on May 20, 2005, winning Schroeder where the Social Democratic Party in power for 39 years stronghold, triggering the German political earthquake. After the end of May, Schroeder was forced to announce in advance of national elections, the 51-year-old Angela Merkel, on the joint meeting of the Alliance Party, without the vote is officially nominated as the Alliance Party candidate for prime minister. Merkel said after the German election, is to the future of Germany, “I am willing to effect” for Germany. Merkel will as German history, the first female candidate for prime minister, when the general election in September.

In the September election, Merkel refresh the political arena record, beat Schroeder, becoming the first female prime minister in German history.

In November 2005, she served as the Alliance Party and the Social Democratic coalition government, Prime Minister, and continue to serve as chairman of the CDU. In accordance with the agreement of the distribution of power, the Social Democratic Party will get cabinet diplomacy, finance, labor, justice, health, transport, environment and development minister post.
The Alliance Party members will be the main defense, interior, agriculture, family and education departments.

September 27, 2009, Merkel re-elected prime minister.

In November 2011, the Forbes 2011 list of power figures: Germany as Europe’s largest economy continues to trouble the EU to play a huge influence, German Chancellor Angela Merkel to maintain position on the list.

Merkel has gone through two marriages. The first marriage in 1977, the marriage lasted only five years. Angela Merkel and former 夫乌尔里希 Merkel, the marriage ended in 1981. Few years, Merkel and Joachim Sauer, a professor of chemistry, began to live together, the two never married. Shaw and Angela Merkel have in the former East German Academy of Sciences. In fact, before this, the two have known each other. At that time, Angela Merkel is still a PhD, when he was 37-year-old Siu-yee, it was her instructor. Until 1998, Merkel was promoted to vice chairman of the Christian Democratic Union, was her identity, and she and Siu-yee, the non-married cohabitation, questioned, Merkel Siu-yee, formally married, remarried, no surname.

Thai Prime Minister England pull

English pull Shinawatra, June 21, 1967, was born in northern Thailand, Chiang Mai native of Meizhou City, Guangdong Province, Fengshun, Hakka descent, 1/4 of Chinese descent. Her father moved to Thailand’s third-generation Chinese American, was elected to Chiang Mai, members of Congress, her mother, Yan drops Chiang Mai royal descent. English pull is the youngest of nine brothers and sisters of the former Thai Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra’s sister, her 18-year-old Thaksin. Won the family pet. As the apple of Chiang Mai as mayor, England pull an early age, well educated, in the early completion of the local girls’ school, high school. In 1988, a 21-year-old British pull, get after the Chiang Mai University, Political Science and Public Administration degree, to follow the footsteps of older brother of his letter to the United States to study at Kentucky State University, studying Public Administration degree.

Shinawatra family, rich in Chiang Mai for a long time side, until the leader of the fourth generation of the family – his letter to get involved in the field of telecommunications in the 1980s before the rapid rise of the handful of large family in the business community in Thailand a. 1991, English pull the returning. As a member of the business family, the career path in English and Latin, has long been planned, she did not “apply their knowledge to enter the public administration, directly joined the West that’s the watts family enterprises, as the the Shinawatra telephone company’s procurement manager and operations manager. In 1994, the English pull as the general manager of the Thailand International Media Group, a subsidiary of Rainbow Media, after he was promoted to Deputy Chief Executive Officer of the Group. In 2001, the Shinawatra families when the family – Thaksin was elected Thailand’s 16th prime minister, Shinawatra family’s glory reached its peak. In 2002, the 35-year-old England pull, the family appointed as CEO of the largest mobile operator, AIS in Thailand, Thai media as “charming, successful career,” young women. 2006, the Shinawatra family, of the shares in AIS, sold to Singapore Temasek, the highest in Thai history, the largest corporate mergers and acquisitions involving foreign investment, while, causing an uproar in Thai society, and became the opposition attack Thaksin “betraying” the pretext of national interests. Britain pull subsequently resigned from the positions of AIS, he was named CEO of the Shinawatra family to another enterprise SC real estate company. As a typical “rich N-generation”, Britain pull in the success of the infinite beauty of, has also been a lot of questions that she just have such success with Thaksin and family background. In 2005, the British pull in an interview with Thai media, who admits that as Prime Minister and the identity of the sister of Thailand’s richest man, like a “double-edged sword”, many people concluded that he does not depend on the ability to succeed, this question will inspire her to come up with compelling results to prove that the “rich N-generation” non-Dengxianzhibei. In a few years served as CEO of SC real estate companies, in particular, Thaksin in September 2006 by a military coup ousted the English pull to calmly deal with throughout the Shinawatra family in which the adverse political environment, the company’s shares The market value rose to 101% of the results, answer the outside world all her suspicion. – Business peer review English pull, and his honest, Tolerance “, in business competition, and never attack the opponent, and always try to avoid conflict.

In early May 2011, Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva announced the dissolution of the House of Commons, to start the election process. May 16, announced that the Thai party, nominated Britain to pull, top-ranked candidate for the party, after winning, will be elected Britain pull as prime minister. Since then, England pull the formal political arena, she is neither a party chairman is not the party’s executive committee, as Thaksin’s sister, and its position within the party for Thailand to be welcomed. Thaksin, although the property was confiscated, and I wanted to make bear the Thai government global exile, Thailand support Thaksin for the lower classes, Thaksin has always been to bring them the real benefits of the Prime Minister by the unfair trial, the experiences of his letter, sent to the great sympathy. Britain pull on behalf of brother to war and immediately won the Thaksin supporters welcome.

Britain pull shook the business community for many years, she entered the political arena soon, the lack of political experience; the British pull as the advantages of the Prime Minister candidate, is the image of good, clean political background, will be top of many Thaksin supporters force. English pull, will use their femininity, and contribution to the country. In view of the brother Thaksin influence in Thailand, she was considered to be the Thai party won the biggest bargaining chip.

August 5, 2011, on the 24th the second meeting of the House of Commons, the British pull as Thailand for Thai Party’s candidate for prime minister, was elected as Thailand’s 28 Prime Minister, becoming the first female prime minister in Thai history.

English pull fledgling great success, in addition to people wanted change, but mainly because, she continues a period of Thaksin, a series of farmer-friendly policy tilted to the grassroots. During the campaign, representatives of Britain pull Thai Party, announced that it aims to achieve a comprehensive national poverty alleviation “Vision 2020” promised in 2013, corporate income tax by 30%, lowered 20%, the minimum daily wage of workers, improve to 300 baht, the starting monthly salary of university graduates increased to 15,000 baht; preferential agricultural policies will protect the price of per ton of rice to 15,000 baht, to provide farmers the equivalent of more than 70% of the expected income discount loans; in social services, announced the free WI-FI network, each student will build a simple computer; fuel consumption funds to alleviate the public burden will be canceled, so that the fuel price per liter, down 5-7 baht. The above policy, the welcome of the people, one would expect the English pull recovery period of Thaksin Thailand’s economic prosperity.

Australian Prime Minister Gillard

Julia – Girard, September 29, 1961, the town of Barry was born in the valleys of Wales, Glamorgan, UK, 5 years old, with his parents emigrated to Australia in Adelaide, by the University of Melbourne, law and literature bachelor’s degree. Girard, tall, red hair, the appearance of gentle, kindly, as a woman, is a calm composure, never angry.

In 1983, Gillard was elected as the President of the Students’ Federation of Australia; 1996, the Secretary-General of the Victorian Labor Party leader John Bullen than; 1998, on behalf of the Labour Party for the first time to participate in the federal election, the Labor Party in Victoria “traditional constituency – Lalo (Lalor), was overwhelmingly elected.

In 2001, Girard into the “shadow cabinet” of the federal opposition, has had responsibility for immigration, health, and labor relations matters. Kevin Rudd as leader of the opposition, Gilad is the deputy leader. For many years has been able second in command of the Labour Party. She has a famous saying: “Political never for the cowardly and weak people, and I think he is a tough character.” Because of her well-known strong, there are media reports, she is a bit like Margaret Thatcher “is a capable “Iron Lady”. Girard busy with political affairs and in personal life, too busy to take care of, so far, unmarried.

In 2004, the Labour Party a fourth consecutive defeat in the federal election, the outside world had expected to Gillard as Labor Party leader, was declined. December 2006, Gillard and Kevin Rudd partner, successful campaign to the leadership of the Labour Party the right; Rudd as leaders, Girard served as his deputy.

November 24, 2007, the Labor Party in the Australian federal election, and finally won the victory. On the 29th of the month, Kevin Rudd, Australian Prime Minister, he appointed Girard Deputy Prime Minister, so, she became the first female Deputy Prime Minister in Australia’s history.

Rudd cabinet, Girard has the reputation of the “star”. Kevin Rudd, I praise for not absolutely admire her a “terrific Deputy Prime Minister, one day, will be a terrific prime minister”. Now, that day has arrived. Gilad more than two years ago as the running mate of Kevin Rudd, Labor Party deputy leader, was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of education, employment and labor relations department. This when only 46-year-old female, became the first female deputy prime minister in Australian history, her management of the super sector, the merger of three former government departments, including labor relations, employment and education functions. Previously, the period of the Howard Government, the three positions, respectively, and give three different ministers to play.
“The Australian”, commented: Rudd cabinet, Girard has always been a star, this is her ability to … in the parliamentary floor, walked quickly like a champ, like a duck to water.

This arrangement, the support from the industry, the Australian Industry Group chief executive Heather Li Duote for her competent, confident: “You give the capacity of women, a major task, she will be completed successfully. However, she needs to get a lot of support. ”

Too heavy administrative tasks in the integration of policy-makers, they are rarely able to complete the goal. In response to questions, Mr Rudd said, I believe the ability of Girard, he said: “This is a difficult task for the highly talented people, to prepare.”

June 24, 2010, the Australian Labor Party held a vote, Rudd recently, in the carbon trading scheme, the position of repeatedly decided to “resource super profits tax” levied on Australian mining decision-making, resulting in reputation decline was the Labour Party right-wing forces resist; plus he abstain from voting, Girard has been elected to become Australia first ever any female prime minister.

August 21, 2010, parliamentary elections, the Australian Labor Party led by Girard, and Tony Albert (Tony Abbott) led opposition alliance, are unable to obtain a majority of seats in Australia appear the first time in 70 years, “there is no majority parliamentary impasse. Bargain after more than two weeks, a slight advantage of the independent Members of the Labour Party alone to support the two seats, defeating the opposition coalition, Prime Minister Gillard to achieve re-election, the formation of Australia, the past 70 years, a minority government.

Girard, September 14, 2010, in the capital, Canberra, the government building to the Governor-General Quentin Bryce sworn as the new term of Prime Minister, becoming the first female Prime Minister of Australia. Girard said he was “hard work”, “want to see change” in politics is a “real person, like to solve the problem. She said that, who is also senior positions, a lot of pressure, but she was like “this kind of life. However, she said, privately, she is “very relaxed and quiet, like to joke.

Gillard said it would limit the number of immigrants to abandon Rudd’s “Australia” program. The plan by the current annual immigration of about 10-13 million to 18-20 million.

At present, in the reign of political strong woman, Finnish President Tarja Halonen, President of Ireland Mary McAleese, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, the New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark, Argentine President Cristina Fernandez.

Weibliche Präsidentin / Ministerpräsident in der heutigen Welt ,2012-03-08
Mit dem Fortschreiten der Zeit und den Status von Frauen zu verbessern, weltweit ist die nationale Beteiligung von Frauen in der Politik nichts Neues. Der Anführer von ihnen stiegen auf den Gipfel der Macht in ihren jeweiligen Ländern.

Deutsch Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel

Angela Merkel, 17. Juli 1954, wurde in Hamburg in eine klerikale Familie geboren. Kindheit und enthüllt das Genie der Wissenschaft. Im Jahr 1973, mit den hervorragenden Ergebnissen von den Themen Mathematik, Naturwissenschaften und Sprache, trat Merkel an der Universität Leipzig, Physik zu studieren.

1973 -1978 Jahren, während dem Studium der Physik an der Universität Leipzig, Merkel schon ist die regionale Führung des ehemaligen Ost-Deutschland, die Freie Deutsche Jugend-Organisation, war die Organisation der Blütezeit drei Millionen Mitglieder. Daher wurde gesagt, dass diese Organisation Merkels erste politische Arena, wurde sie der Veranstalter und Stratege der Trainingsplatz ist. Im Jahr 1986 erhielt sie einen Doktortitel in physikalischer Chemie an der Universität Leipzig. Ihre These ist, auf dem Kohlenwasserstoff Geschwindigkeitskonstante Berechnung. Nach dem Studium engagiert sie sich in Forschungsarbeiten auf dem ehemaligen DDR-Akademie für Physikalische Chemie Research Center.

Im Jahr 1989 wechselte 35-jährige Angela Merkel der Demokratischen Aufbruch Bewegung offiziell begann seine politische Karriere. Im Jahr 1990, sie und ihre Partei, trat der Christlich-Demokratischen Union. Als CDU-Chefin, begleiten und unterstützen den deutschen Bundeskanzler Helmut Kohl hat Merkel als einem jungen deutschen Ministerinnen, Minister für Umwelt, CDU-Generalsekretär und Vize-Präsident und andere Personal serviert. In den Augen der Kollegen, Merkel ruhige, pragmatische, harte Arbeit.

Im Jahr 2000, Cole, als er Vorsitzender der CDU war, Schäuble hat sich in politische Spendenaffäre, Merkel sofort öffentlich gesagt, dass gegen Cole. Schäuble wurde zum Rücktritt gezwungen, nachdem Angela Merkel wurde zum Vorsitzenden der CDU, die Geschichte der Partei, die erste Frau, die Parteiführer von Frauen halten, bis die erste Frau, Leiter der deutschen Nachkriegszeit geworden. Die nächsten Jahre hat Merkel schnell führte die CDU, um die Krise, eine unerwartete Zeit, um erfolgreich mit Herausforderungen umzugehen, sitzen fest in das Amt des Präsidenten zu überwinden. Ihre politische Führung und die Ausdauer allmählich entstanden. Stark und zuversichtlich, Merkel, buchstäblich und bildlich, erhielt den Titel “Eiserne Lady” der deutschen Politik ausgezeichnet. Zu dieser Zeit gab es Spekulationen, dass Merkel kann die Kante zu zeigen für den Ministerpräsidenten zu konkurrieren.
Die Wahl 2002 von Ministerpräsident, Angela Merkel Initiative “Give Way” durch die CDU-Schwesterpartei – die Christlich Soziale Union, 席施托伊贝尔 vorne kommen, um herauszufordern Schröder nicht gelingen. Doch der Umzug in das absolute Führungsposition für Angela Merkel in der Union Party (CDU und CSU gemeinsam als überparteiliche Bündnis-Partei bekannt) zu konsolidieren. Seit September 2002 ist sie gleichzeitig Vorsitzender der Fraktion der Allianz Gruppe.

Danach leitete sie die CDU-Sieg in Folge bei den Kommunalwahlen, vor allem bei den Wahlen in Nordrhein-Westfalen am 20. Mai 2005, gewann Schröder, wo die Sozialdemokratische Partei an der Macht seit 39 Jahren Hochburg, die Auslösung der deutschen politischen Erdbeben. Nach dem Ende des Mai, Schröder war gezwungen, im Vorfeld der nationalen Wahlen, die 51-jährige Angela Merkel bekannt geben, auf der gemeinsamen Sitzung der Alliance Party, ohne die Stimme ist offiziell als Kandidat der Allianz für Premierminister ernannt. Merkel sagte nach der deutschen Wahl ist, um die Zukunft von Deutschland, “Ich bin bereit, Effekt” für Deutschland. Merkel wird als deutsche Geschichte, die erste weibliche Kandidatin für Premierminister, wenn die Bundestagswahl im September.

Bei der Wahl im September, schlug Merkel aktualisieren Sie die politische Arena Rekord, Schroeder, damit der erste weibliche Premierminister in der deutschen Geschichte.

Im November 2005 war sie als Partei der Allianz und der Sozialdemokratischen Koalition, Herr Ministerpräsident, und weiterhin als Vorsitzender der CDU dienen. In Übereinstimmung mit der Vereinbarung über die Verteilung der Macht, wird die Sozialdemokratische Partei bekommen Kabinett Diplomatie, Finanzen, Arbeit, Justiz, Gesundheit, Verkehr, Umwelt und Entwicklung Ministeramt.
Die Alliance Party Mitglieder wird die wichtigste Verteidigung, Inneres, Landwirtschaft, Familie und Erziehung Abteilungen sein.

27. September 2009, Merkel wiedergewählt Premierminister.

Im November 2011 wird die Forbes-Liste 2011 der Macht Zahlen: Deutschland weiterhin als größte Volkswirtschaft Europas, die EU bemühen, um einen großen Einfluss, deutsche Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel zur Lage auf der Liste zu halten zu spielen.

Merkel hat durch zwei Ehen gegangen. Die erste Ehe im Jahr 1977 dauerte die Ehe nur fünf Jahre. Angela Merkel und der ehemalige 夫乌尔里希 Merkel, endete die Ehe im Jahr 1981. Jahren, Merkel und Joachim Sauer, Professor für Chemie, zusammen zu leben begann, die beiden nie verheiratet. Shaw und Angela Merkel haben in der ehemaligen DDR-Akademie der Wissenschaften. In der Tat vor diesem, haben die beiden einander bekannt. Zu dieser Zeit, Angela Merkel ist immer noch ein PhD, als er 37-jährige Siu-Yee war, es war ihr Lehrer. Bis 1998 wurde Merkel zur stellvertretenden Vorsitzenden der Christlich-Demokratischen Union gefördert wird, war ihre Identität, und sie und Siu-Yee, der nicht verheiratete Zusammenleben, in Frage gestellt, Merkel Siu-Yee, offiziell verheiratet, wieder verheiratet, keine Nachnamen.