危房,旧房改造再快些 ,2012年02月10日, 柴俊勇
Shanghai housing development “12th Five-Year Plan” (excerpt) .2012-02-22
In order to promote the “12th Five-Year” period, Shanghai housing development, according to the “12th Five-Year Plan for national economic and social development in Shanghai”, the enactment of this plan.
“Eleventh Five-Year Review of housing development
Steadily to start the common property to protect the housing (affordable housing)
Total property rights and actively promote the protection of housing (affordable housing) system, to expedite the settlement of the housing difficulties of low-and middle-income households. From the second half of 2007, begin to study the formulation of common property to protect the housing (affordable housing) policy, widely listen to the views of all sectors of society, constantly revised and improved, “Affordable Housing Management, Shanghai Trial Measures” was released in June 2009. Accelerate the total of property rights protection of housing (affordable housing) construction. By the end of 2010, the city started construction of a total of property rights protection of housing (affordable housing) more than 10 million square meters. At the same time, pay close attention to planning fall to the ground to ensure the completion of 2008-2012 started construction of 20 million square meters, 300,000 units Total property rights protect the housing (affordable housing) planning objectives. On the basis of summing up the Xuhui, Minhang District, pilot, further relaxation of the access standards, improve the operating mechanism, in August 2010 has been fully opened in the downtown area and part of the conditional suburbs.
Vigorously promote the relocation and resettlement housing (price of commercial housing) construction
In accordance with the requirements of the construction of a number, start a group, reserve a group of “the efforts to promote the construction of the relocation and resettlement housing (price of commercial housing). Has two groups of planning and construction of 31 of a certain size, accessibility, supporting large multi-residential living community, the first batch of affordable housing based Baoshan Gu Village, Minhang Pujiang, the Pudong Zhou Kang Air, Jiading District, the Pudong Salim, Songjiang Sijing 8 base has been started. Combined with the large residential community building, active play to the enthusiasm of the municipal and district two, increase the relocation resettlement housing (price of commercial housing) construction and supply efforts. The city’s relocation and resettlement housing (price of commercial housing) started construction of 32.5 million square meters, completed 29.6 million square meters, complete the “bypass” the supply of 29.85 million square meters, to meet the Shanghai World Expo and the major municipal projects, the demolition of the key urban transformation project needs .
Adhere to the mechanism innovation, and accelerating the renovation of old districts
Accelerate the renovation of old districts, is the major livelihood of Shanghai, is an important manifestation of social fairness and justice, city leaders attach great importance to accelerate the renovation of old districts included in the municipal annual major issue, the organization conducting research, and efforts to crack the urban transformation “bottleneck” innovative urban transformation mechanisms, and select the five key urban transformation base, the guideline to the work of resettlement, promote a new level of urban transformation work.
Actively explore new working mechanism of the urban transformation
“Eleventh Five-Year” period, the central city demolition into two old the following housing 3.43 million square meters, benefiting a population of about 125,000, and innovative mechanisms to improve the policy has achieved a new breakthrough. First, in accordance with the “process is completely transparent, and results of full disclosure” requirements, were established twice consulted in advance, the number of bricks “plus size security at the end, increase the nearby placement of lawyers and other third-party intervention ahead of the new mechanism. Has developed on the implementation of the State Council to promote the spirit of the meeting of city and state-owned mining shanty town transformation to speed up the views of the city’s urban transformation work “,” Several Opinions on Further Promoting the urban transformation of the city, “on the old districts transformation prior consultation system of the experimental work on the adjustment and improvement of city urban house demolition compensation and resettlement policy pilot “supporting documents, policies and system security in order to accelerate the renovation of old districts, improving the living conditions.
(2) continue to increase the old housing comprehensive reform efforts
Adhere to the principle of “demolition, change, stay, repair” simultaneously, and continuously increase the old housing comprehensive renovation of efforts to improve living conditions and living environment of residents. “Eleventh Five-Year” period, the city completed a total of 1.16 million square meters of complete sets of transformation of the old housing comprehensive renovation of old housing to 97.1 million square meters. Among them, 2008 to April 2010, combined with the 600 days of action in the World Expo building renovation, the old housing comprehensive renovation of efforts to further increase, during which a total of 62.1 million square meters of old housing comprehensive transformation.
“12” housing development facing the situation and background
“12th Five-Year” period, the Shanghai housing development, will focus their efforts on the following five priorities:
(A) to highlight the focus of development to promote housing security
Improving people’s livelihood is a fundamental goal of China’s development of the socialist market economy, the housing to the people’s livelihood. Must resolutely implement the party’s seventh session of the Fifth Plenum, in accordance with the deployment of the 13th Plenary Session of the Ninth Municipal, stick to the topic, and grasp the main line to protect and improve people’s livelihood as the focus of the city housing development and accelerating the “four in one” housing support initiatives to further clarify the goals, the implementation of the security responsibilities. Low-rent housing to continue to expand coverage, so that “the cities” to further strengthen the policy focus, and constantly increase the total property rights protect the housing (affordable housing), public rental housing and relocation resettlement housing (price of commercial housing) construction and supply efforts in low-income housing for needy families and youth workers, the introduction of talent, to Shanghai workers and other groups to provide more practical, affordable, affordable housing, so that the fruits of reform and development to benefit people’s livelihood.
(B) the service people, homes, and further increase the urban transformation efforts
Actively play the Expo follow-up effect, and further highlight the public nature of urban transformation, the “people-oriented, focusing on people’s livelihood” as the fundamental purpose of urban transformation, on the one hand, and fully respect the wishes of the masses, safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of the masses, the implementation of the sun relocation, and effectively so that the people benefit; the other hand, give full play to the role of government co-ordination and participation of all sectors of society, to further improve the mechanism of urban transformation and the comprehensive renovation of old housing. Adhere to the most difficult living conditions, the most serious security risks and demands of the masses the most pressing block to start, scientific planning, step by step, continue to accelerate into a piece of the following two old housing transformation; adhere to the “demolition, change, stay, repair simultaneously, protection, retention, repair and transformation of the combination of focus on the protection of historical style, adapted to local conditions, continue to strengthen the comprehensive transformation of the old houses, and strive to improve people’s living conditions and living environment.
“12” housing development guidelines and overall objectives
The deployment of the 13th Plenary Session of the Ninth Shanghai Municipal, effectively advancing the housing security, housing services to the people as the main line and the primary task of the city housing development, and comprehensively promote the low-rent housing, a total of property rights protect the housing (affordable housing), public rental housing and relocation and resettlement housing (price of commercial housing) is characterized by “four-in-one housing security initiatives.
The overall objective of
Three to improve: to further promote the renovation of old districts and the comprehensive renovation of old housing, improve the living conditions and living environment; further increase energy conservation and environmental protection and the housing industry to promote efforts to improve the overall quality of housing construction; to further improve the residential property management system and mechanisms to improve the level of integrated management of residential property.
“12” specific goals and tasks of the housing development
(A) promote housing security
A specific development goals
“12th Five-Year” period, is expected to start the construction and financing of 62 million square meters of various types of affordable housing, about 92 million units (), respectively, accounting for about 50% of the total residential area and 60% of the total units of New; including Eleventh Five-Year “period started carry-over projects, including supply all kinds of affordable housing is expected to add 1 million units ().
– Further expansion of low-rent housing benefit from the surface. “12” period, the rent is expected to add low-cost housing with rent households and the financing Shiwupeizu listings 75000 (sets) of households, a total of about 150 000 (sets) households. Continue to increase the rent with rent and Shiwupeizu of efforts to ensure the realization of the eligible rent to families applying “the cities”, and basically solve the housing difficulties of the city’s low-income families.
– Focus on promoting the total property rights protect the housing (affordable housing) system. Expected that the newly started construction of 20 million square meters, 320 000 sets of new common property to protect the housing (affordable housing). Among them, the “12” Two years ago started construction of 10 million square meters, about 16 million units, to ensure the completion of the 2008-2012 construction of the objectives and tasks; “12” after three years, then newly started construction of 10 million square meters, about 16 million units. “12th Five-Year” period, the expected new supply of 25 million square meters of total pre-sale standard property rights protect the housing (affordable housing), about 40 million units, significant improvement in the housing difficulties of low-income families in the city.
– Actively develop public rental housing. New construction, built with the construction, renovation, acquisition and conversion of way is expected to start the construction and financing of 10 million square meters of public rental housing (including units of rental housing), about 20 million units (). Planning period, new supply is expected to reach 9 million square meters of completed and delivered a standard of public rental housing, about 18 million units (). Effectively relieve the city of young workers, the introduction of stage talent and to Shanghai workers, such as housing difficulties.
– To further accelerate the relocation and resettlement housing (the price of commercial housing) construction. Plans to start the construction of the relocation and resettlement housing (price of commercial housing), 32 million square meters, about 40 million units; the “12th Five-Year” period, is expected to add to the supply of “bridging” (construction schedule ± 0.0) and 25 million square meters, about 350 000 sets. Among them, the city base nearby placement of 17 million square meters of housing construction, the “bypass” supply of 15 million square meters, about 187,500 units; belonged to the project to build 15 million square meters, the “bypass” supply of 13 million square meters, about 162 500 units.
The above development objectives, in accordance with the unified arrangements of the central and the actual needs of the city, timely and appropriately optimize the sound.
The main task
Efforts to promote the total property rights protect the housing (affordable housing) system
To actively mobilize the enthusiasm of all parties to implement the preferential policies and measures to speed up the total of property rights protection of housing (affordable housing), construction and supply, and ensure the completion of 2008-2012 and the 12th Five-Year Plan target. Total property rights protect the housing (affordable housing) continue to relax access standards, expand the common property to protect the housing (affordable housing), the scope of supply; protect the housing (affordable housing) application process to further improve the common property, waiting for the supply mechanism, while continuing to efforts to protect the housing (affordable housing) to increase total property sale at the same time, pay close attention to the implementation of the common property protection of housing (affordable housing) rental conversion to supply new mode, multi-channel to solve the city housing problem of low-income housing for needy families .
Speed up the construction of the relocation and resettlement housing (price of commercial housing)
Focus on the construction of large residential community, and further increase the relocation resettlement housing (price of commercial housing) construction and supply efforts. In accordance with government guidance, enterprise participation and market operation, service relocation and the city, district division of labor, to the district-based “requirements, and further optimize building mechanisms. Relevant supporting policies to further improve and refine and accelerate the improvement of the outer ring supporting municipal and further enhance the level of municipal, transportation, and public buildings supporting efforts to meet the rehousing needs of the relocated residents of urban transformation.
Actively promote the urban transformation
A specific development goals
– To increase the urban transformation efforts. In the full implementation of the prior consultation of the views of residents, to fully respect the wishes of the masses under the premise of the Center City District to complete about 3.5 million square meters of dilapidated following home improvements, relocation of a population of about 150,000. Basically completed in Changning, Jing’an, Xuhui District into two old the following home improvements. Start of the villages and suburban towns to focus on pilot project to transform into a piece of shanty housing, and gradually open, and actively push forward the transformation of dangerous and old houses of the outskirts of the state-owned farms. Basically completed Gu village of Baoshan District, Jinshan District Zhujing shanty towns, simple housing pilot project to transform.
– Continue to expand the range of comprehensive renovation of old housing. Is expected to complete the transformation and maintenance of 50 million square meters of old housing. Among them, the sets of transformation of the old houses 900,000 square meters, Zhiguangongfang overhaul of the entire project of 20 million square meters. Further expand the scope of the old housing comprehensive renovation of gradually husband housing built in the 1970s, the implementation of a comprehensive maintenance.
– Accelerating the replacement of the homestead farmers. According to the requirements of urban and rural integrated development, under the premise of full respect for the wishes of farmers and homestead replacement planning, and strive to complete the 85 000 farmers, 45 square kilometers of the homestead replacement, develop a new strategic economic and social development in Shanghai.
The main task
(1) pay close attention to develop the introduction of relevant policy documents
In accordance with the State Council issued the “state-owned land on the housing levy ‘Compensation Ordinance, the absorption of the city in the” Eleventh Five-urban transformation of form and has been proven by successful practices, research to develop and implement state-owned land in Shanghai Rules for the Implementation of the housing levy and compensation, to accelerate the renovation of old districts; resettlement policies to further improve the housing compensation, the full implementation of the number of bricks and mortar “and dwelling security at the end compensation and resettlement methods; to further regulate the housing levy behavior, strengthen the housing collection and management, the full implementation of the housing levy compensation and resettlement of the results of the open system, build housing levy compensation and resettlement information management system, so that the collection process is fully transparent, the placement of full disclosure results.
(2) accelerating the transformation of the progress of construction of the urban transformation plots
Focused Category advancing. Yangpu, Zhabei, Hongkou, the former Huangpu, Putuo and other key area of focus to promote the project and support to increase the funding of urban transformation; has started but progress is slow or stagnant projects, to take positive measures to urge the developer to start the transformation; no time to start the plot, according to the law to start the land use rights to recover. , While speeding up the urban transformation of the establishment of city and district levels of government special fund, a variety of channels to raise funds, and actively support the renovation of old districts.
(3) increase the relocation resettlement housing (price of commercial housing) building efforts
Central city districts according to the actual situation, and actively explore the potential to the construction of the nearest relocation resettlement housing (price of commercial housing) to meet the needs of diversified selection of the relocation of residents, continues to accelerate the relocation of residents resettlement progress.
(4) continue to carry out a comprehensive transformation of the old housing
Further improve the mechanism to enhance the standard and level of the comprehensive transformation, combined with the comprehensive transformation of the old houses, the study demolition floor transformation, an additional multi-storey housing elevators, and other technical, policy, financing bottlenecks, and to encourage the old district pilot to further improve residents’ housing conditions and living environment quality. On the basis of careful research, pay close attention to formulate relevant policies to support the comprehensive transformation of the outskirts of the state-owned farm inhabitable houses.
Further promote the healthy and stable development of the housing market
A specific development goals
– To maintain the steady growth of investment in residential construction. “12th Five-Year” period, is expected to the city’s residential construction investment amounted to 490 billion yuan, an increase of about 5% than the “Eleventh Five-Year”. The total investment in residential construction total social fixed assets investment ratio to remain at around 20%.
– To ensure the effective supply of commercial housing. Expected new housing of 65 million square meters (including policies and regulations should be allocated to build affordable housing), 60 million square meters of sales area; an effective increase of small and medium size housing supply to ensure that small and medium-sized condominiums to account for new housing (including not less than 70% the proportion of commercial housing and affordable housing); further revitalize the stock of housing transactions, standardize and develop the rental housing market.
“12” housing development policies and measures
Housing land supply to ensure that affordable housing and general merchandise
Dilapidated buildings, renovation and then faster, February 10, 2012, Chai Junyong
In the beginning of this year, the Shanghai Municipal Government held a meeting of the 2012 Shanghai urban transformation work, proposed to accelerate the renovation of old districts, removal of dilapidated buildings of 600,000 square meters, benefiting 25,000 residents and 7000 residents of more benefit than no change last year.
Huangpu District, the rebuilding of old housing task is very heavy, the district government is determined to a good way, started early.
Especially in Hongkou District, in order to speed up the renovation of old districts, specially set up headed by Party Secretary, the head of either the first deputy head of the reconstruction of old urban housing levy Work Leading Group. The implementation of the region to mobilize human, material and financial co-ordination and determination to fight a battle, set a military order, to ensure the completion of the change for 5000, and strive to accomplish more tasks.
I applaud this end excitement, can so Jipan related the pace of the transformation of the dilapidated buildings and then faster.
According to incomplete statistics, Shanghai had 800,000 toilet, the late 1980s, the early 1990s, the municipal government the principal leaders has pledged to the toilet can not be brought into the new century.
Shanghai for 20 years of economic and social development, and greatly increase the available financial resources. Today, there are only 20 Million in the toilet, can not be justified, apologies to the people of Shanghai. Party and government leading cadres at all levels must put ourselves in, think about the masses who still live in dilapidated buildings.
I lived in Chengdu North Road, a small alley, a ground floor, second floor of a two add up to only 9.6 square meters, no sanitation, no place to even put the toilet, only the spittoon tank. At that time, the idea to be a more convenient toilet also now more and more inconvenient, this life is very tough. Today, a row of dilapidated buildings, old houses still still, is the external walls of the World Expo repainted. Every time I went to the city CPPCC meetings, passing here, should fondly looking glances, feeling a lot. There are many people on the dilapidated buildings, renovation, “the morning and look forward, too late to hope, Wang Chuan eyes, and look forward to an early improvement of housing conditions.
Urban transformation is one of the largest people’s livelihood, carrying the dream of several generations of some of the masses, urban transformation, is also a driver of innovation, the basis for restructuring and development; premise to attract talent, optimize the investment environment; is to honor the Government’s commitment to show reshape the city’s image. More important is to boost the spirit and cohesion of the people, long-term living in inhabitable houses of people will freeze the account of the date, as the turning point of life is happiness. Once you start the demolition, shouting “liberation! Stand up!”; Urban transformation, it is necessary to choose a large-scale, high degree of difficulty focus on land into a piece of transformation, but also scattered in old urban areas continue to promote land transformation; both according to plan step by step, solid progress, but also anxious masses are anxious to force transformation; it is necessary to accelerate the pace of transformation in the central city, but also to promote the suburb (town) the shanty Jane housing transformation progress. The same time, do not forget the remodeling of the dilapidated buildings of state-owned farm workers. And strengthen the old housing safety inspections and housing repair work.
To run this urban transformation practical for not only a servant of the loving heart, the key is to properly resolve all the difficulties of the urban transformation, to ensure the supply of housing relocation and resettlement. Masses from the bottom of the heart hope is that the nearest placement, housing support facilities to improve the housing area has expanded, the masses are content.
Urban transformation should be the protection of the urban history and culture of the combination of outstanding historic buildings of the city, a city with no culture. There are a considerable part of the housing using the original functional design gap, some live many residents to be more than a little way to allow the residents to move out, the sooner to move the lower the price. Shikumen building of the center city and keep part of it is necessary to also explore transplantation Shikumen building to a new suburban town. To formulate relevant policies and regulations, innovative approaches, widely rely on social forces, including the power of existing households, so that the protection of the urban culture building and improving residents’ quality of life.
The fact that has repeatedly proved that genuinely care about the sufferings of the masses, honestly, do practical work to tackle tough to forge ahead and do a good job in the main driving force and the basic experience of the work.