总统的车轮:美国元首与汽车的故事, 2012年02月22日,福布斯,据说,从一个人选择开什么车,能看出他的个性和品行

总统的车轮:美国元首与汽车的故事, 2012年02月22日,福布斯,据说,从一个人选择开什么车,能看出他的个性和品行
美国总统也不例外。在汽车出现后的现代历史中,宽敞豪华的加长车,总是白宫主人的必备出行方式。同时,总统们都非常热衷于拥有自己的私家车。

巴拉克·奥巴马总统的乘用车,是一辆特别制造的装甲凯迪拉克,昵称“凯迪拉克一号”(从“空军一号”延伸出来),或者“野兽”(the beast)。这辆车的车门,据说有八英寸(20.32厘米)厚,重量与波音757喷气式飞机的客舱门一样。防弹玻璃有整整五英寸(12.7厘米)厚,令这辆总统专车,能够承受相当规模的武装袭击。显然,这辆车,和之前那些总统(一直到约翰·F.肯尼迪)乘坐的普通敞篷豪华车,有天壤之别。凯迪拉克这个品牌与白宫的关系,可以回溯到威廉·霍华德·塔夫特(William Howard Taft)的1907年款,凯迪拉克G型车(1907 Cadillac Model G)。伍德罗·威尔逊(Woodrow Wilson)乘坐的,是一辆凯迪拉克豪华车,同样的,还有柯立芝、罗斯福、杜鲁门、艾森豪威尔、肯尼迪、约翰逊、里根、克林顿和大,小两位布什总统。在美国总统纪念日(Presidents Day,2月,第三个周一)来临之际,凯迪拉克将那些著名的总统专车,汇集在一起,举办了一个回顾展。所有这些车的照片,都展示在我们的幻灯片中。其中,包括富兰克林·D。罗斯福(Franklin Delano Roosevelt)的传奇凯迪拉克座驾——这辆车,曾经属于禁酒时代黑帮老大阿尔·卡彭(Al Capone).

说起总统的私人专车,威廉·塔夫特(1909-1913年间任总统,下同)是第一位会开车的总统。他曾拥有一辆有趣的贝克电动车(Baker Electric)。在当时,这的确是非常先进的科技,是当时流行的选择,流行的原因,不一定是电池驱动这一点。它与当时大部分汽车不同的地方是,不需要手动摇把来启动,这是非常主要的一项进步。这款车的最高时速,只有14英里(约22.5公里),速度上,毫无优势,不过,它几乎不需要什么维护成本。

  富兰克林·D。罗斯福(1933-1945)有着显赫的家庭背景,他懂得汽车所代表的品质。当时,他出席社交场合的豪华车,是一辆派克特12(Packard Twelve),外形优雅端庄,动力充沛强劲,拥有一台12缸发动机。1932年,这款车,在纽约罗斯福大酒店(Hotel Roosevelt in New York City)首发。富兰克林·罗斯福坐在装有防弹玻璃的车中,使得这辆车,成为第一辆总统专用的装甲车。

  哈里·S.杜鲁门(1945-1953),来自美国中西部的中产阶级家庭,他对汽车的品位,反映了他的家庭背景。杜鲁门出席了二战后,福特汽车恢复生产后的第一辆车的下线仪式(二战期间,美国的汽车生产商,全部暂停汽车生产,改为生产军工,支持战争)。那是一辆月光灰的1946款福特超豪华都铎三厢车(1946 Ford Super DeLuxe Tudor Sedan),后来,成为当年最受欢迎的车型。

  类似的,德怀特·D.艾森豪威尔(1953-1961)喜欢1956年款克莱斯勒帝国豪华三厢车(1956 Chrysler Imperial luxury sedan)。这款车,带有克莱斯勒“面向未来”的设计风格,尾部,装有借鉴了飞机造型的尾翼。作为艾森豪威尔总统的最爱,这款车,装载了“HEMI”八缸发动机,被誉为“底特律之车”。

  约翰·F.肯尼迪(1961-1963)是一位识货的车主,他选择的座驾,是1961款福特雷鸟可折叠敞篷车(1961 Ford Thunderbird convertible)。这一年的雷鸟车,凭借其运动的长矛式外形,首次,被誉为“子弹鸟”。这辆车在肯尼迪的总统就职巡游上,大出风头。

  除了他妻子的“可敬的共和党人布外套”,理查德·M.尼克松(1969-1974),在他的“跳棋”演讲(Checkers)中,提到了他信任的1950年款奥尔兹莫比尔98汽车。在这场演讲中,尼克松反驳了别人对他接受非法的政治献金,以获取1952年副总统候选提名的指控。

  罗纳德·里根(1981-1989)就职总统期间,通常,都乘坐专车出行。他最喜爱的私家车,据说是一辆1952年款的军用吉普。这辆车,是他的妻子南希,在1970年代末期,送给他的礼物,用来在他的加州农场中使用。这款美国招牌式的军用车,最终改成了民用版本后生产并销售。

  比尔·克林顿(1993-2001)拥有一辆1967年款野马可折叠敞篷车(1967 Mustang Convertible)——冰蓝色外观,白色内装——这是他在当阿肯色州州长时,买的收藏车。据说,这是克林顿搬入白宫时,最舍不得离开的东西。1967款的古董老野马,是野马第二代投产第一年的产品。“野马之父”,后来,成为克莱斯勒总裁的李·艾柯卡(Lee Iacocca),在1964年领导了这款“小马车”(pony car)的量产。

  在巴拉克·奥巴马宣布参加总统竞选的时候,他把自己的克莱斯勒300C三厢轿车(Chrysler 300C sedan)卖掉,换了一辆能效更佳的福特翼虎混合动力SUV(Ford Escape Hybrid crossover SUV)。时隔近100年,从最早一位会开车的总统-驾驶着电动车开始,历史轮回了一圈。美国的第44任元首,驾驶着至少一部分动力,来自电能的汽车,进入了白宫。

美国前总统理查德·尼克松故居,2012年02月,洛杉矶,美国加利福尼亚州奥兰治县约巴林达市,郁郁葱葱的树木中,坐落着一栋乳白色木房子。1913年1月9日,在这栋木房子中,诞生了一个婴儿。55年后,这名爱尔兰人后裔,汽车加油站和百货店老板的儿子,当选美国第46届(第37任)总统。他就是理查德·尼克松。
  木房子前,草坪边散落的鲜花中,静卧着两座青黑色大理石墓碑。右边的墓碑上,刻着两行金字:“历史所能赋予的最高荣誉,莫过于和平缔造者——理查德·尼克松”。另一座属于他的夫人帕特。
  理查德·尼克松基金会的乔纳森·莫夫罗伊迪斯,他指着尼克松总统墓碑上的墓志铭说:“如果评价尼克松总统的一生,我觉得:就像这句话一样:他是和平缔造者,历史将给他最高荣誉。”
  1972年2月21日,尼克松横跨太平洋,飞到中国北京,成为访问中国的第一位美国总统,也是美国总统第一次访问一个(同美国没有正式外交关系的)国家。他对中国的7天访问,被称为“改变世界的一周”。
  40年后的今天,尼克松已经和夫人一起,长眠在故乡,他出生的木板房和他的墓碑一道,每天,接受着来访的人们崇敬和缅怀的目光。
  在1990年,于尼克松的故居所在地,落成的尼克松图书馆,尼克松访华时,在下飞机后,与中国总理握手的一幕被塑成铜像,立在图书馆中国厅的中央。展厅里红色的“新华门”下,灯光洒在两位领袖身上。前来迎接的中国总理微笑地站着,伸出手去;尼克松总统跨了一大步,开怀大笑着主动伸出手。
“我是跨越太平洋,与中国人民握手的,”尼克松当年这样说。
  中国厅是尼克松图书馆的中心部分。展厅墙上,悬挂的第一张大照片,是尼克松与中国国家主席和中国总理会谈的合影。旁边,一组彩色照片,记录了尼克松在中国7天访问中的点点滴滴,照片中的一幕幕,仿佛就在昨天。这里,保存着1972年2月28日-中国美国双方在上海签署的《 中国美国联合公报》的相关资料。
  在中国厅一旁的世界领袖厅里,共陈列着10位-20世纪风云人物的塑像,包括,丘吉尔、戴高乐、勃列日涅夫和赫鲁晓夫等。其中,只有两座是坐姿铜像,放在前面最突出的位置,那便是中国领导人,国家主席和中国总理。
  尼克松的政治生涯中,有两件大事,被载入史册,一是,水门事件;一是,访华。40年过去了,随着中国国际地位的不断提高,中国在世界舞台上,影响力不断扩大,中国美国关系,成为世界上最重要的双边关系之一。现在,越来越多的人,对尼克松政治遗产的积极方面,有了更多认识。
  陪同参观图书馆的莫夫罗伊迪斯说,尼克松总统结束了越南战争,在他的努力下,美国与苏联缓和了关系,尤其是在他的推动下,中国美国恢复交往,把10亿人,带进了全新的外交关系。“尼克松总统希望看到一个和平的社会,我觉得:世界和历史是会记住他的”。
  他指着图书馆大厅,一面挂满美国《 时代》周刊封面的墙说,“尼克松是历史上,登上《 时代》周刊杂志封面次数最多的美国总统”。数一下,从1952年,被提名为副总统候选人,第一次登上《 时代》周刊封面开始,直到1994年,去世,尼克松,54次成为《 时代》周刊封面人物。
  “中国美国关系,现在越来越重要,尼克松总统在美国的形象,也越来越好。我所认识的美国人,现在提起尼克松,不再提水门事件,而更多谈到-他在美国外交处在十字路口时的贡献,”莫夫罗伊迪斯说。

President of the wheel: the story of American heads of state car, February 22, 2012, Forbes, said that from one person to select what car, you can see his personality and behavior
President of the United States is no exception. In the modern history of the car appeared, spacious and luxurious limousine, always the White House master essential way to travel. Meanwhile, the president is very keen to have their own private cars.

President Barack Obama’s passenger cars, a specially manufactured armored Cadillac, nickname “Cadillac One” (extending out from the “Air Force One”), or “beast” (the beast) . The car door, said to have eight inches (20.32 cm) thick, weight, and the Boeing 757 jet cabin door. The bullet-proof glass full five inches (12.7 cm) thick, making this car the presidential limousine able to withstand the considerable size of the armed attacks. Obviously, the car, and those before the President (until John F. Kennedy) take ordinary convertible luxury cars, a big difference. Cadillac brand relationship with the White House, can be traced back to William Howard Taft (William Howard Taft), 1907 models, Cadillac G Model (1907 the Cadillac Model G). Woodrow Wilson, the Woodrow Wilson, riding in a Cadillac luxury cars, same, Coolidge, Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Reagan, Clinton and the large and small two of President Bush. U.S. President Day (Presidents Day, February, and the dawn of the third Monday), Cadillac will be the famous presidential limousine, brought together, organized a retrospective exhibition. Photos of all these cars, are displayed in the slide. Among them, including Franklin D.. Roosevelt (Franklin Delano Roosevelt) Legend of Cadillac car – the car that once belonged to the Prohibition era gangster Al Capone (Al Capone).

Speaking of the private car of President William Taft (1909-1913 president, the same below) is the president of the first drive. He has an interesting Baker electric car (Baker Electric). At the time, this is indeed a very advanced technology, was the popular choice, the reasons for the popularity is not necessarily a battery-powered. Different places with the most car without hand shake to start, this is a major progress. The car’s top speed, only 14 miles (22.5 km), speed, there is no advantage, but it requires little maintenance cost.

Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945) has a prominent family background, he knows that the quality represented by the car. At that time, he attended social occasions of the luxury car is a faction Specter 12 (Packard Twelve), the shape is elegant and dignified, with plenty of power and strong, with a 12-cylinder engine. 1932, the car, in New York Roosevelt Hotel (Hotel Roosevelt in New York City) starter. Franklin Roosevelt sat in the car with bulletproof glass, making the car to become the President of the first one dedicated armored vehicles.

Harry S. Truman (1945-1953), a middle-class families from the U.S. Midwest, the grade of his car, reflecting his family background. Truman attended the Second World War, Ford to resume production after the first car of the ceremony (during World War II, U.S. car manufacturers, all suspended automobile production, to production of military support the war). It is a moonlight gray 1946 Ford ultra-luxury Tudor sedan (1946 Ford, the Super DeLuxe Tudor Sedan), later becoming the most popular models.

Similarly, Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953-1961), like the 1956 model year Chrysler Imperial luxury sedan (1956 the Chrysler Imperial luxury the sedan). Car with Chrysler, “the future” design, the rear is equipped with draws on the shape of the tail of the aircraft. As President Eisenhower’s favorite car, loaded with a HEMI eight-cylinder engine, known as the “Detroit of the car.

John F. Kennedy (1961-1963) is one to know what the owners, his choice of car is a 1961 Ford Thunderbird folding convertible car (1961 Ford Thunderbird, convertible,). This year’s Thunderbird car, by virtue of its movement spear shape, for the first time, known as “Bullet bird”. This car is in President Kennedy’s inaugural parade, steal the show.

In addition to his wife’s “respectable Republican cloth coat,” Richard M. Nixon (1969-1974), in his “Checkers” speech (at Checkers), referring to his trust in the 1950 models Olds Mobile 98 car. In this talk, Nixon refute the others he accepted illegal campaign contributions to the 1952 vice presidential candidate nominated by the allegations.

During the inaugural President Ronald Reagan (1981-1989), usually all take a car trip. Private car, said his favorite is a 1952 section of the military Jeep. This car is his wife, Nancy, in the late 1970s, his gift, used to use on his farm in California. Production and sales of this brand military vehicles, and ultimately into a civilian version.

Bill Clinton (1993-2001) owned a 1967 Mustang folding convertible car (1967 Mustang, Convertible,) – ice blue appearance, white interior – and this is when the governor of Arkansas, bought the collection vehicle. It is said that when Bill Clinton moved into the White House, the most reluctant to leave things. The 1967 models antique old Mustang, Mustang’s second generation of the first year of production. “Mustang” Father, later, to become Chrysler CEO Lee Iacocca (Lee Iacocca), in 1964 the leadership of this production of “carriage” (pony car).

Barack Obama announced his presidential campaign, when he sold Chrysler 300C sedans (the Chrysler 300C the sedan), the change of an energy efficiency better Ford Escape hybrid SUV (Ford, Escape Hybrid crossover, SUVs). First time in nearly 100 years, from the President of the first one will be driving – driving an electric car start, the history of reincarnation in a circle. The United States as the 44th head of state driving at least part of the power car from the electrical energy into the White House.

Former U.S. President Richard Nixon’s former residence, in February 2012, Los Angeles, Orange County, Yorba Linda, California, USA, lush trees, is a milky white wooden house. January 9, 1913, in this wooden house, the birth of a baby. 55 years later, the son of Irish descent, automobile service stations and department stores boss, was elected the 46th (37th) President. He is Richard Nixon.
Wooden houses scattered flowers in the lawn edge, lying two young black marble gravestone. On the right side of the tombstone, engraved with two lines of gold: the history that can be given the highest honor, is the peacemaker – Richard Nixon “. Another belonging to his wife, Pat.
Richard Nixon Foundation, Karimov Roy, Jonathan Diskin, he said, pointing to President Nixon’s tombstone epitaph: “If the evaluation of the life of President Nixon, I think: just like this sentence: He is the peace the creator of history will give him the highest honor. ”
February 21, 1972, Nixon across the Pacific to fly to Beijing, China, becoming the first U.S. president to visit China, the U.S. president’s first visit to a (no formal diplomatic relations with the United States.) Countries. He seven-day visit to China, known as the “change the world the week.”
40 years later, Nixon and his wife, buried in hometown, where he was born barrack and his tombstone one day, and accept with respect and cherish the memory of the eyes of people visiting.
In 1990, completed at the location of the former residence of Richard Nixon, Nixon Library, Nixon’s visit to China, the next plane, the scene to shake hands with Chinese Premier molded statue, standing in the center of the Library China Office. Red hall “Xinhua Gate, the light shines on the two leaders who. Greet the Chinese Premier, smile, standing, holding out his hand; President Nixon cross a big step, laugh, laughing active hand.
“I was across the Pacific Ocean, shaking hands with the Chinese people,” Nixon had to say.
The China Hall is the center part of the Richard Nixon Library. Hall wall, hanging Da Photo is a photo of Nixon talks with Chinese President and Chinese Prime Minister. Next to a group of color photographs, records, Nixon in 7 days access, bit by bit, photographs of scenes, as if just yesterday. Relevant information, save the February 28, 1972 – China and USA and China signed in Shanghai, China and USA joint communique “.
Side of the China Office of world leaders hall display 10 -20 century man of the statue, including Churchill, Charles de Gaulle, Brezhnev and Khrushchev. Among them, only two seated bronze statue, placed in front of the most prominent position, that is, the Chinese leaders, President and Chinese Prime Minister.
Nixon’s political career, there are two major events to be remembered, first, Watergate; First visit to China. 40 years later, with the continuous improvement of China’s international status on the world stage, influence continues to expand, China-US relations, to become one of the world’s most important bilateral relations. Now, more and more people, the positive aspects of Nixon’s political legacy, with greater awareness.
Guided visit to the library Karimov Roy Diskin said, President Nixon ended the Vietnam War, in his efforts, the United States and the Soviet Union to ease relations, especially in his promotion, restore contacts, one billion people with into a new diplomatic relations. “President Nixon would like to see a peaceful society, I think: the world and history will remember him.
He pointed to the library hall, one side covered with the U.S. “Time” magazine cover of the wall said, “Nixon is a history, boarded the” Time “magazine cover of the magazine the highest number of U.S. President. Count the number from the 1952 vice presidential candidate, was nominated for the first time he climbed into the cover of “Time” magazine began, until 1994, died, Nixon, 54, “Time” magazine front cover.
“China-US relations, and now more and more important, the image of President Nixon in the United States, more and more Americans that I know now filed Nixon, not to mention Watergate, and more talked about – he in the United States Foreign Affairs at the crossroads of the time of contribution, “Karimov Roy Diskin said.