陆克文（Kevin Michael Rudd，1957年9月21日－ ），现任澳大利亚外交部长，曾任第26任澳大利亚总理及澳大利亚工党领袖。在2007年11月24日的国会大选中,带领工党,击败自由党领袖约翰·霍华德领导的执政联盟，于同年12月3日,出任总理。陆克文于2010年6月24日,被工党内部罢免，被朱莉娅·吉拉德接替，成为历史上,继惠特拉姆,因1975年宪政危机被解职后,第一位没有完成任期,就下台的澳大利亚总理。
Kevin Michael Rudd
2007年12月3日 – 2010年6月24日
出生 1957年9月21日 (1957-09-21)（54岁）
陆克文,于1957年,出生于昆士兰州楠伯镇（Nambour）。他出身寒微，是家中,四个孩子中,最年幼的一个，幼年,在父母工作的牛奶农场上长大。他11岁那年，身为佃农的父亲阿尔伯特（Albert Rudd）横遭车祸，入院救治后,感染败血病，不久去世。后来,全家租宿的房子,被地主收回，母亲玛格丽特（Margaret, née DeVere）无奈带着四个孩子,投奔亲戚，全家曾挤在一辆房车里,克难安身。
陆克文先入读天主教办学的布里斯班艾诗格罗夫玛丽会（Ashgrove Marist）修士寄宿制男校，之后,再转公立的楠伯中学（Nambour High School）。1974年，他以全年级第一名的成绩,高中毕业。在中学时代，陆克文就开始接触政治,并参与澳大利亚工党的活动；15岁时,即开始参加了地区的青年工党会议。同时，陆克文对亚洲文化很向往，特别是对中国感兴趣。
1998年，陆克文击败自由党在位议员，取得格里菲斯选区（Division of Griffith）议席，进入国会众议院；2001年,获提升为影子内阁外交部长。
2007年11月24日，他击败曾3次连任、号称“政治不倒翁”的总理约翰·霍华德，于2007年12月3日,成为澳大利亚总理。霍华德因为在本次竞选当中,丢失了自己的贝内朗选区（Division of Bennelong）席位,被撵出了国会，随即宣布:永远退出澳大利亚的政治舞台。
长女杰西卡（Jessica），1984年出生，目前,是位律师，2007年,和一位布里斯班的银行家谢若谷（Albert Tse）结婚，谢luo gu是自香港移民澳大利亚的潮州人；
Kevin Rudd (Kevin Michael Rudd, September 21, 1957 -), the current Australian Foreign Minister, former section 26 any Australian prime minister and leader of the Australian Labor Party. In the parliamentary elections on November 24, 2007, led the Labor Party, defeating the Liberal Party leader John Howard’s ruling coalition, on December 3 in the same year, became prime minister. Kevin Rudd June 24, 2010, the Labor Party internal recall, Julia Gillard took over in history, following the Whitlam after the dismissal of the constitutional crisis in 1975, the first one did not complete his term, it Australian Prime Minister to step down.
Kevin, Michael Rudd,
26 Australian Prime Minister
Term of office
December 3, 2007 – June 24, 2010
Former John Howard
Successor, Julia Gillard
Born September 21, 1957 (1957-09-21) (54)
Queensland, Australia Nambour
Political parties, the Australian Labor Party (ALP)
Faith holy public were
Kevin Rudd, in 1957, was born in the Queensland town of Nambour (Nambour). His humble background, home, four children, the youngest an early age, grew up in the milk on the farm of his parents’ work. 11 years old, his father Albert (Albert Rudd) as a tenant or suffer an accident, admitted to hospital for treatment, infection, septicemia, and soon died. Later, the family house to rent places the landlord to recover the mother, Margaret (Margaret, née DeVere) frustration with four children, they go to relatives, the family had crowded into a room in the car, makeshift shelter.
Rudd first-read Catholic school in Brisbane, Ashley Grove, Mary (Ashgrove Marist) the monks boarding boys’ school, and then the public and Nambour School (Nambour High School). In 1974, the first results of the whole school year, high school graduation. In high school, Kevin Rudd came into contact with the political, and participate in the activities of the Australian Labor Party; age of 15, began to participate in the Labour Party conference of the region’s youth. The same time, Rudd am looking forward to the Asian culture, especially interested in China.
Kevin Rudd, after graduating from high school, he scores, obtain Australian National University (ANU) to study Chinese history and Chinese literature at the same time, take Kevin Rudd, as his Chinese name; subsequently graduated with first class honors Bachelor of . Kevin Rudd, in 1980, writing his honors doctoral thesis, the choice of the theme of the contemporary Chinese democracy movement, the object of study in China in the 1970s who, thesis advisor is the Cowlin Jeff Cotter and the Belgian-born the famous Sinologist Pierre Rick Mons (Pierre Ryckmans), To finish her dissertation, Rudd, mainly from Hong Kong to collect large amounts of data that he needs to read a lot of Chinese materials. Jeff Cotter, said Kevin Rudd, a strong motivation to learn, he found it surprising. Kevin Rudd this paper, and finally win a championship.
Kevin Rudd in 1980, in Taipei, Taiwan, National Taiwan Normal University Mandarin Training Center to learn Chinese.
1981, Australian National University after graduation, Kevin Rudd, the Australian Department of State Services, the first based in Stockholm, Sweden; 1984, transferred stationed in Beijing dedicated to analysis of the political and economic situation in China; 1988, Rudd was promoted to assistant chief for the Department of State . Soon, Kevin Rudd was the Queensland parliamentary opposition leader Wayne Goss Wayne, Goss, work, and assist him in the second year of the election victory. Goss served as governor of Queensland, the appointment of Kevin Rudd as his chief of staff of the state government cabinet offices, director. In 1995, Rudd left the Queensland Government, as KPMG (KPMG) Certified Public Accountants adviser. 1997, as deputy director of the University of Queensland, Australia, Department of Asian languages.
In 1998, Kevin Rudd defeated the reign of Members of the Liberal Party, the constituency of Griffith (Division of Griffith,) seats into the House of Representatives; 2001, was promoted to the Shadow Cabinet Minister for Foreign Affairs.
December 4, 2006, meeting of party leaders, Kevin Rudd, by 49 votes to 39 votes, defeated in any leader, Kim Beazley, as the federal leader of the new term of Labour, by the female Members Julia Girard served as deputy leader. The personnel changes, has 11 years of opposition Australian Labor Party, relating to the future fate of the moment. In the past 11 years, the Labor Party has replaced the four leader. The Rudd advantage of the new government took office, “the star effect, and the” honeymoon period “went throughout all over Australia to expand the” listening tour “and the election campaign; which makes him gradually rising popularity in the polls, even more than the then Prime Minister John Howard’s support rate.
With the deepening of the campaign in early 2007, Kevin Rudd, his wife, Tai Leisi Ryan, Therese Rein, set up companies in the matter of the contract from the government was the people criticized later, Ryan openly on TV to sell the company, to quell the incident.
November 24, 2007, he defeated three occasions re-election, known as “political tumbler” Prime Minister John Howard to become Prime Minister of Australia, on December 3, 2007. Howard because in this campaign, which lost the own Bei Neilang constituency (Division of Bennelong) seats, has been thrust out of the Congress, immediately announced: Always exit the political stage in Australia.
Kevin Rudd was elected five months, becoming one of the world’s one hundred of the most influential people “in the” Time Magazine “.
Kevin Rudd’s wife, Lee Eun (Theresa Rein, transliteration for “Tai Leisi Ryan”) is the lover of his college psychology graduate. In 1989, Tai Leisi bought a failing small outplacement firm. 17 years of efforts, the original only two small companies, has become a large multinational with 1200 employees, 65 branches of human resources management services company, now known as “Ingalls group of companies. Its business, has been extended to the United Kingdom, France and Germany. Even if it is so-sponsored by their own, before the election, Bixian Tai Leisi had to sell their shares.
Rudd couple fertility have three children:
Eldest daughter, Jessica (Jessica), born in 1984, at present, is a lawyer, in 2007, and married a Brisbane banker Xie Ruogu (Albert Tse), Xie luo gu Chaozhou people to migrate to Australia from Hong Kong ;
His son Nicholas (Nicholas, Chinese name: Lu Yu Tak), born in 1986, studying law and Chinese in 2005 and study at Fudan University;
Born in 1993 in high school son, Max (Marcus), has begun to study Chinese.
November 24, 2007, Australia nationwide parliamentary elections, the Labour Party has made at least 85 parliamentary seats, is a landslide victory, the Australian media described this as “LUSHI man-made landslides (Ruddslide),. December 3, Kevin Rudd was sworn in as the 26 any Australian Prime Minister.
February 13, 2008, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd in Parliament on behalf of the Government to implement the policies of the past, the damage caused to the Australian Aboriginal “stolen generation” damage, an official apology.
In August 2008, Mr Rudd asked the Australian 12-year development plans, plans to cover every aspect of Australian society, from the position of Australia in the Commonwealth, to the civic life, and all-encompassing.
In May 2010, the Rudd Government announced: from July 2012 onwards, 40% of resource profits tax levy to the mining company. Decided to have been strongly opposed to the mine owners and workers, in Australia, the outbreak of demonstrations of thousands of people, the marchers held in Rudd’s speech venue outside a megaphone to express their dissatisfaction. Resource tax as Kevin Rudd during the administration of the most important decision-making mistakes, resulting in Kevin Rudd’s support rate fell sharply, in some constituencies of support for the Labour Party and even fell below 30 percent, to lag behind the rate of support of the Alliance Party.
June 21, 2010, in Canberra, Australia, the two sides signed 10 commercial agreements worth more than $ 8.8 billion, of which there are seven, covering the field of resources and energy.
In June 2010, many organizations, including the Australian Workers’ Unions, political power brokers and a member of the Labour Party both houses in favor of the Federal Deputy Prime Minister Julia Gillard, forcing the Labour Party to hold party leaders election. Party elections held on June 24, Kevin Rudd announced the abandon of voting, Gillard was elected the new Labor Party leader and Prime Minister of Australia. Treasurer Wayne Swan will serve as deputy prime minister.
In September 2010, Australian Prime Minister announced that the cabinet list to confirm Rudd as the new Foreign Minister.
This week, to step down.