2012年1月,中国商务运行情况。

2012年1月,中国商务运行情况。

国内市场运行情况

1月份,在“两节”消费的带动下,中国消费市场保持了平稳较快发展。商务部监测的3000家(简称“千家”)重点零售企业销售额,同比增长12.7%。主要特点有:

一是,节日消费繁荣活跃。元旦、春节市场供应充足、品种丰富、亮点突出。

商务部监测,除夕,至正月初六,全国重点零售和餐饮企业销售额4700亿元,比2011年春节期间增长16.2%。年货、金银珠宝、时尚数码及家电等商品热销,逛庙会、民俗展等文化消费,成为百姓热门选择,“年夜饭”成为餐饮市场主流,“万村千乡赶年集”等贴近农村市场的促销活动效果明显。

二是,金银珠宝、通讯器材及食品销售稳步增长。受节日消费需求旺盛影响,保值类和升级类商品需求增加。在商务部监测千家重点零售企业中,金银珠宝销售额增长32.1%,通讯器材增长21.3%,分别比去年12月,加快3.5和11.5个百分点;食品销售额增长22.2%,加快4.4个百分点。同时,在商务部监测的千家重点零售企业中,服装销售额增长13.3%,鞋帽增长13.8%,分别比去年12月放缓6.8和1.0个百分点。

三是,家电、汽车、居住类商品销售下降。在商务部监测的千家重点零售企业中,家用电器、汽车、建筑及装潢材料销售额同比分别下降10.0%、4.8%和5.2%。

四是食用农产品价格总体趋稳。1月份,居民消费价格总水平同比上涨4.5%,比去年12月份加快0.4个百分点。另据商务部监测,受节后效应影响,食用农产品价格出现小幅回落。上周(2月6日-12日),18种蔬菜批发价格比前一周(下同)下降4.8%,其中黄瓜、青椒、辣椒降幅分别下降20.5%、16.2%和9.6%。鸡蛋零售价格下降1.3%,降幅比前一周扩大0.9个百分点。肉类价格以降为主,粮油零售价格稳中略涨,8种水产品批发价格上涨0.3%。

关于对外贸易情况

据海关统计,2012年1月,中国对外贸易进出口总值2726亿美元,比去年同期(下同)下降7.8%。其中,出口1499.4亿美元,下降0.5%;进口1226.6亿美元,下降15.3%。贸易顺差272.8亿美元。由于今年的春节假期在1月份,进出口数据受季节性因素影响较大。

一是,一般贸易出口保持小幅增长,加工贸易进口下降明显。1月份,我国一般贸易进出口1515.3亿美元,下降5.4%,低于同期全国进出口总体降幅2.4个百分点。其中出口767.7亿美元,增长2.6%;进口747.6亿美元,下降12.5%。加工贸易进出口927.6亿美元,下降9.8%。其中出口626.4亿美元,下降4%;进口301.2亿美元,下降19.9%。

二是,对部分新兴市场贸易逆势增长,对欧盟出口增速下降。1月份,我国与俄罗斯和巴西等新兴市场双边贸易逆势增长。其中与俄罗斯双边贸易总值为71.6亿美元,增长26.8%;与巴西双边贸易总值为63.4亿美元,增长5.7%。我对欧盟出口下降3.2%,其中,对德国出口下降6.3%,对意大利出口下降28.2%。对美国、日本出口分别小幅增长5.4%和6.1%。

三是,中西部地区出口快速增长,部分东部省份出口出现下降。1月份,中、西部地区出口分别增长17.2%和19.3%,其中重庆、河南、贵州和江西等省市的出口增速分别为1.1倍、1.1倍、19.6%和23.5%。东部十省市出口下降2.5%,其中广东、江苏和山东分别下降9.2%、3.9%和3.2%。

四是,传统劳动密集型商品出口总体平稳,原材料进口下降。1月份,塑料制品、玩具、服装出口额分别增长5.4%、4%、3.5%;箱包、纺织品、鞋类、家具出口额分别下降7%、6.8%、1.3%、2%。上述7种传统劳动密集型商品占同期我国出口总值的22.4%。铁矿砂及其精矿、初级形状塑料、天然橡胶、未锻造的铝及铝材进口数量降幅分别为13.9%、26.8%、8.1%和4.4%,价格分别下跌11.0%、3.8%、24.1%和12.8%。

五是,民营企业出口保持增长,外资企业进口占比下降。1月份,外资企业出口753.3亿美元,下降2.8%;进口565.6亿美元,下降21.0%,占整体进口比重下降3.3个百分点。民营企业出口增长3.2%,高于整体出口增幅3.7个百分点;进口下降16.7%。国有企业出口下降1.0%,进口下降4.4%。

In January 2012, the Chinese business operation.

Domestic market situation

In January, “two” consumer driven, consumer market in China maintained steady and rapid development. Monitoring of the Ministry of Commerce of 3000 (referred to as “1000”) focus on retail business sales, an increase of 12.7%. The main features are:

First, the festive spending prosperous and active. New Year’s Day, Chinese New Year market supply sufficient variety, prominent bright spot.

Monitoring of Ministry of Commerce, New Year’s Eve, the first month the sixth key national retail sales of catering enterprises 470 billion yuan, an increase of 16.2% in 2011 during the Spring Festival. Hot New Year, gold and silver jewelry, fashion, digital and home appliances and other goods, visiting the temple, folklore exhibitions of cultural consumption has become the popular choice of people, “New Year” has become the mainstream of the restaurant market, “Ten Thousand Villages rush Set close to the rural the market effect of promotional activities.

Second, gold and silver jewelery, communication equipment, and food sales grow steadily. By holiday consumer demand impact, preserve and increase the classes and upgrade demand for goods increases. Monitoring thousands of key retail enterprises in the Ministry of Commerce, gold and silver jewelry sales increased 32.1%, communication equipment increased by 21.3%, respectively, compared with December last year to speed up 3.5 percent and 11.5 percent; food sales increased 22.2 percent, accelerating by 4.4 percentage points. Meanwhile, the Commerce Department monitoring thousands of key retail enterprises, clothing sales increased by 13.3%, footwear increased by 13.8%, respectively, compared to December last year, slowed down by 6.8 and 1.0 percentage points.

Third, home appliances, automobiles, housing, goods sales fell. In the Commerce Department monitoring thousands of key retail enterprises, household appliances, automotive, construction and decoration materials sales rose, respectively, decreased by 10.0%, 4.8% and 5.2%.

Consumption of the overall stabilization of prices of agricultural products. In January, the consumer price level rose by 4.5 percent, to accelerate by 0.4 percentage points more than in December last year. According to the monitoring of the Ministry of Commerce, the Festival effects, the consumption of agricultural prices fell slightly. Last week (February 6 -12 days), 18 kinds of vegetables, wholesale prices fell 4.8 percent from the previous week (below), cucumber, green pepper, chili drop decreased by 20.5%, 16.2% and 9.6%. The retail price of eggs fell 1.3 percent decline to expand by 0.9 percentage points over the previous week. Meat prices down are based, stable and slightly higher retail price of grain and oil, and eight kinds of aquatic products wholesale prices rose 0.3 percent.

Foreign trade

According to customs statistics, in January 2012, China’s foreign trade import and export value of $ 272.6 billion, down 7.8 percent from the same period last year (below). Among this, exports 149.94 billion U.S. dollars, down 0.5 percent; imports 122.66 billion U.S. dollars, down 15.3 percent. Trade surplus of 272.8 billion U.S. dollars. As this year’s Chinese New Year holiday in January, import and export data affected by seasonal factors.

First, the general trade exports to maintain modest growth, processing trade imports declined significantly. In January, China’s general trade import and export 151.53 billion U.S. dollars, down 5.4 percent, lower than the national imports and the overall decrease of 2.4 percentage points. Which exported $ 76.77 billion, an increase of 2.6%; imports $ 74.76 billion, down 12.5 percent. Processing trade to $ 92.76 billion, down 9.8 percent. Which exported $ 62.64 billion, down 4 percent; imports $ 30.12 billion, down 19.9 percent.

Second, the trend growth of some emerging market trade, the EU’s export growth declined. In January, China and other emerging markets like Russia and Brazil bilateral trade trend growth. The total bilateral trade with Russia, $ 7.16 billion, an increase of 26.8%; total bilateral trade with Brazil was $ 6.34 billion, an increase of 5.7%. Exports to the EU decreased by 3.2%, in which German exports fell 6.3 percent, exports to Italy fell 28.2 percent. The United States, Japan’s exports, respectively, a slight increase of 5.4% and 6.1%.

Third, the rapid export growth of central and western regions, part of the eastern provinces of exports declined. In January, the central and western regions export growth of 17.2% and 19.3%, the export growth of Chongqing, Henan, Guizhou and Jiangxi provinces were 1.1 times and 1.1 times, 19.6% and 23.5%. 10 provinces and municipalities in eastern exports fell 2.5 percent, including Guangdong, Jiangsu and Shandong were down 9.2%, 3.9% and 3.2%.

Fourth, the traditional labor-intensive merchandise exports overall steady fall in imports of raw materials. January, plastic products, toys, apparel exports increased by 5.4%, 4%, 3.5%; bags, textiles, footwear, furniture exports were down 7%, 6.8%, 1.3%, 2%. The seven kinds of traditional labor-intensive goods accounted for 22.4 percent of China’s total export value for the same period. Iron ore and concentrates, in primary forms, plastic, natural rubber, the number of drop of unwrought aluminum and aluminum imports were 13.9%, 26.8%, 8.1% and 4.4%, prices were down 11.0%, 3.8%, 24.1% and 12.8%.

Fifth, the export of private enterprises to grow, the proportion of foreign-funded enterprises import decline. In January, the export of foreign-funded $ 75.33 billion, down 2.8 percent; imports $ 56.56 billion, down 21.0 percent, accounting for the proportion of overall imports dropped by 3.3 percentage points. Exports of private enterprises increased by 3.2 percent, 3.7 percentage points higher than the overall growth rate of exports; imports decreased by 16.7%. State-owned enterprises exports fell 1.0 percent, while imports fell 4.4 percent.

《2012年1月,中国商务运行情况。》有一个想法

  1. 去年,中国美国双边贸易额达到4400多亿美元

    Last year, China and USA bilateral trade volume reached U.S. $ 440 billion

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