曝希拉里2008年败选总,统共花费2.5亿美元, 时间:2012-02-03

曝希拉里2008年败选总,统共花费2.5亿美元, 时间:2012-02-03
想角逐美国总统宝座,要有耗费巨资拼选举的心理准备。
希拉里2008年为选总统,花了2.5066亿美元,最后,铩羽而归,是2000年迄今,最昂贵的“失利”美国总统选举。

美国广播公司(ABC)根据美国联邦选举委员会的竞选经费申报数字,汇总出过去10多年来,花费金钱最多,结果未能如愿胜选的“失利”美国总统参选例子,位居第一的,就是曾在2008年角逐总统宝座的希拉里。

曾拥有美国第一夫人头衔的希拉里,2001年起,担任民主党籍纽约州联邦参议员,2008年,有意挑战总统宝座,投入民主党党内初选。她在党内初选期间,总共花了2.5066亿美元,最后,败给了后来顺利当选美国总统的对手奥巴马。

根据统计,截至2008年6月为止,希拉里选举阵营的负债款项,累计高达2250万美元,创下历年来,美国总统选举参选人当中的最高负债纪录。

希拉里在选举期间,自掏腰包,以借贷名义,提供1320万美元个人存款,给她的选举团队,支付各种开销。在选举结束后,为了减轻竞选团队的偿债压力,她将这笔债款一笔勾销。

罗姆尼在2008年参加共和党党内初选时,花费了1.1360亿美元,遭到挫败,让他排在希拉里之后,成为最昂贵的“失利”美国总统选举参选人的第二名。

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Defeat total exposure Hillary in 2008, the system total cost of $ 250 million, the time :2012-02-03
Want to compete for the U.S. presidency, have spent huge sums of money to fight the election of psychological preparation.
Hillary Clinton for the presidential election in 2008, spent 2.5066 billion U.S. dollars in the end, playing with toys, 2000 So far, the most expensive U.S. presidential election defeat “.

ABC (ABC), according to the declaration of election expenses of the U.S. Federal Election Commission figures, summary of the past 10 years, spent the most money, the results unsatisfying victory and defeat, “U.S. presidential candidate example, in the first place, in competing for the presidency in 2008, Hillary.

Had to have the title of U.S. First Lady Hillary Clinton as a Democratic senator from New York, 2001, 2008, intends to challenge the presidency, put the Democratic primary. During the party primaries, she spent a total of 2.5066 billion U.S. dollars, and finally lost to rival Barack Obama later successfully elected President of the United States.

According to statistics, as of June 2008, the Clinton election camp liabilities payments, accumulated up to $ 22.5 million, setting a record of the maximum liability which over the years, the U.S. presidential election candidates.

Hillary Clinton during the election period, out-of-pocket, the name of loans, $ 13.2 million individual deposit money to pay to her election team. After the election, in order to reduce the debt service pressure of the campaign team, she will this debt written off.

Romney in the Republican party primaries in 2008, spent 1.1360 billion U.S. dollars, have been thwarted, let him behind Hillary has become the most expensive U.S. presidential election defeat “the second of the candidates.

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《曝希拉里2008年败选总,统共花费2.5亿美元, 时间:2012-02-03》有一个想法

  1. 法国总统府,3日举办招待会,庆祝中国等亚洲国家传统农历新年。法国总统萨科齐在招待会上表示,他在新的一年里,对加强与中国等亚洲国家的合作关系充满期待。

      举行招待会的爱丽舍宫宴会厅灯火通明,绛色的帷幕和地毯,与金色的廊柱和墙饰,在水晶灯光下,交相辉映。招待会正式开始后,萨科齐发表讲话说,刚刚到来的龙年,是充满意志力和活力的一年,他希望这一年,也能为法国与亚洲各国关系更添活力,并为各位与会来宾带来好运。

      萨科齐说,法国与许多亚洲国家,保持密切的关系,并对这一地区的经济持续增长,给予高度关注。他回顾说,在过去的一年里,法国与中国的合作,异常紧密,在二十国集团框架内,积极展开协调。他本人,在2011年,两次访问中国,与中国最高领导人,就各种问题展开深入会谈,以共同迎战危机。2012年伊始,中国租借给法国的两只大熊猫抵达法国,紧接着,两国共同庆祝了正式建立外交关系48周年,充分见证了法国中国关系不断健康积极发展的势头。

      萨科齐赞赏亚裔族群融入法国当地社会的努力及取得的成就,并在会上,授予上世纪70年代移居法国,并为中法关系多方奔走,做出积极贡献的-华侨何福基法国荣誉军团骑士勋章。

      参与组织此次招待会的法国执政党人民运动联盟亚裔专员孙文雄说,当天出席招待会的,共有来自中国、越南、柬埔寨、老挝等多个亚洲国家的来宾,1200余人,其中,华侨华人代表约占三分之一。

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    美法总统大选,都是同门对决?2012-02-04

    美国总统奥巴马

    法国总统萨科齐

      美国共和党总统候选人罗姆尼

      法国社会党总统候选人奥朗德

    哈佛大学

    巴黎政治学院

    东京大学大会堂
      
    盘点世界“领袖成长营”:“一不小心,你就会教出一个总统来。”

      4月22日,将在法国总统大选中,巅峰对决的萨科齐和反对党领袖奥朗德,都毕业于巴黎政治学院
    如今,呼声最高的美国共和党总统候选人米特·罗姆尼和现任总统奥巴马,都毕业于哈佛大学。放眼全世界,多所名校,像哈佛或巴黎政治学院一样,因其卓越的学术地位、优质的教学实力,和特殊的校友资源,已经成为传统上,培养社会精英和世界政坛领袖的摇篮。

      英国:

      牛津PK剑桥大学

      牛津大学创办于1167年,剑桥大学创办于1209年。牛津素以“首相摇篮”闻名;
    剑桥以“科学家的摇篮”著称,从剑桥,走出了众多政坛领袖。

      在英国历史上,包括,撒切尔夫人、布莱尔、卡梅伦在内,共有26位首相,在牛津接受过教育。牛津产生了至少来自7个国家的11位国王、6位英国国王、47位诺贝尔奖获得者、来自英国之外的18个国家的28位总统和首相。

      从1904年至今,剑桥大学,共走出了88位诺贝尔奖获得者。除了自然科学方面的成就外,剑桥大学在培养领导人方面,毫不逊色。共有14位英国首相,及至少25位其他国家的领导人,毕业于剑桥,印度三任总理尼赫鲁、拉吉夫·甘地、曼莫汉·辛格,以及马来西亚首任总理东古·拉赫曼、新加坡前总理李光耀等,都是剑桥校友。

      法国:巴黎政治学院PK国家行政学院

      创办于1872年的巴黎政治学院,被誉为法国政治家和社会精英的摇篮,在经济、法律、社会和历史四大学科,以及政治学领域,享有国际盛誉。法国70%的政治家、80%的企业管理者,以及几乎所有法语国家的总统、总理都是这里的毕业生。法兰西第五共和国迄今的6位总统中,除戴高乐和德斯坦外,蓬皮杜、密特朗、希拉克、萨科齐,都曾在巴黎政治学院深造。法兰西第五共和国的18位总理中,包括,若斯潘、阿兰·朱佩在内,有10位,都毕业于该所高校。联合国前秘书长加利,都是巴黎政治学院的校友。

      如今,支持率高过萨科齐的法国社会党总统候选人奥朗德,是从巴黎政治学院毕业的高材生。奥朗德曾在另一间精英学府——法国国家行政学院深造。他和曾在一起生活了25年的前伴侣罗雅尔(2007年,曾代表社会党对阵萨科齐)就是在这里相识相爱的。

      国家行政学院(简称ENA),素有“总统摇篮”之称。这所创立于1945年的精英学院,专门培训高级公务员,几乎成为所有有从政野心的法国精英们的镀金之地。它以训练高级文官或行政法院法官,为主要目的,学院拥有约1100多名主讲人员,每年,只招收一百人左右,迄今,培养了5600位法国高级官员和2600位外国学生。从上世纪60年代起,法国每届内阁中,有1/3的部长,都在这所高校深造,近几届内阁中,有一半的部长,都是ENA校友。法国前总统德斯坦、希拉克都曾是国家行政学院的毕业生。包括,阿兰·朱佩、若斯潘、德维尔潘在内,有6位法国总理,也毕业于此。多哥、刚果共和国、尼日尔、贝宁等前法属殖民地的多位国家元首或政府首脑,都曾在这里接受过培训。

      美国:哈佛大学PK耶鲁大学

      在美国,总统摇篮有三所:哈佛、耶鲁、哥伦比亚,都属于常春藤名校。不过,有几位总统在学业背景上,有交叉,有的人,先读哥伦比亚,再读哈佛,有的人,先读哈佛,再读哥伦比亚,还有的人,是先读耶鲁,再读哈佛。

      单就本科教育而言,哈佛历史上,出过5位总统,他们分别是-约翰·亚当斯(美国第二任总统)、约翰·昆西·亚当斯(第六任总统、约翰·亚当斯的儿子)、西奥多·罗斯福、富兰克林·罗斯福和约翰·肯尼迪。但是,小布什虽然本科毕业于耶鲁,获得历史学学位,在哈佛大学商学院,获得工商管理硕士学位;奥巴马从哥伦比亚大学以优等生身份毕业后,来到他父亲曾就读的哈佛大学法学院,获得法学博士学位。这两位,算是哈佛的校友。美国第19任总统拉瑟福德·伯查德·海斯,在俄亥俄州的肯尼恩学院毕业后,来到哈佛大学法学院,获得法学学士学位。加上他,哈佛校友中,共有八位,当选为美国总统。

      真正在耶鲁大学接受过本科教育的美国总统,有三位:美国第27位总统威廉·霍华德·塔夫脱以及老布什、小布什父子。杰拉德·福特和比尔·克林顿,都毕业于耶鲁大学法学院,之前,分别在密歇根大学和乔治敦大学完成本科教育。虽然,耶鲁只出过五位总统,由于从福特以来,出总统的频率太高,从老布什开始,中间,经过克林顿,到小布什结束,等于20年的时间内,美国都是由耶鲁校友统治,令耶鲁风头,一时盖过哈佛。耶鲁教员们常开的玩笑,就是:“一不小心,你就会教出一个总统来。”

      曾在哥伦比亚大学就读的美国总统,有西奥多·罗斯福、富兰克林·罗斯福以及美国现任总统奥巴马。

      日本:

      东京大学PK早稻田大学

      在日本,东京大学号称“官僚的温床”、“总理首相人才的发生地”。东京大学,成立于1877年,是日本创办的第一所国立大学,也是亚洲创办最早的大学之一,建校一百多年以来,培养了大量知名人物,据说,当代日本知名人士中,东京大学的毕业生约占半数以上。仅东大法学部的4万毕业生中,就有2700人,在官厅工作过。日本首相,从1921年,到1945年,就有1/3,出自东大,日本战后,至今的30多位首相中,包括,吉田茂、鸠山一郎、福田赳夫、中曾根康弘、鸠山由纪夫等在内,至少有9位来自东大。可以说,东大培养出来的人掌握着日本政治经济命脉。

      由政界、学术界要人创办的早稻田大学,成立于1882年,是日本社会精英的摇篮。100年来,早稻田大学培养了众多的政界、经济界和文化界的著名人士,日本前首相森喜朗、福田康夫、竹下登、海部俊树、小渊惠三等,都毕业于该校。去年8月刚刚上任的日本第95任首相野田佳彦,是早稻田大学校友。中国现代革命史上的多位重要人物,如,陈独秀、李大钊、彭湃、廖承志等,早年,都曾在早稻田大学留学。

      与早稻田大学并称为“日本双雄”的庆应义塾大学(桥本龙太郎、小泉纯一郎毕业于此)、日本皇族就读的学习院大学(麻生太郎毕业于此),是日本众多政界高官的母校。

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    英国媒体报道,俄罗斯第三大富豪、总统候选人普罗霍罗夫日前宣称,如果他成功当选总统,他不会给现任总理普京任何政府职位,普京作为国家领袖的时代,已经结束。
    现年46岁的亿万富翁普罗霍罗夫称:“我希望给政坛带来新面孔。普京已经掌权12年之久,也做了很多工作,但是,这已经足够了,是时候,给其他人一个机会了。”
    普罗霍罗夫作为俄罗斯政坛新人,将和其他4位候选人,在3月4日举行的总统大选中,展开角逐。
    民调显示,现年59岁的普京,目前的支持率依然很高,他很可能在下个月的总统大选中,轻松获胜。

    The Office of the President of France, held a reception to celebrate China and other Asian countries, the traditional Lunar New Year. French President Nicolas Sarkozy, said at the reception in the new year, looking forward to the strengthening of cooperative relations with China and other Asian countries.

    Held a reception in the Élysée Palace banquet hall was brightly lit, purple-red curtain and carpet, with golden pillars and wall hangings, crystal light, each other. After the conference officially began, Sarkozy said in a speech, just the arrival of Year of the Dragon, is full of willpower and vitality, he hoped that this year even more vigor, but also for the relations of France and other Asian countries, and for you the guests to bring good luck.

    Sarkozy said France and many Asian countries to maintain close relations, and the region’s sustained economic growth, and paid great attention. He recalled that in the past year, the French cooperation with China, abnormal close, and actively expand the coordination within the framework of the Group of Twenty. He himself, in 2011, two visits to China, China’s supreme leader, launched an in-depth talks on various issues to face the crisis. The beginning of 2012, China leased to France’s two giant pandas arrived in France, followed by the two countries jointly celebrated the 48th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations, witnessed the France-China relations have a healthy and positive development momentum.

    He Fuji France honors, Sarkozy appreciates the Asian ethnic groups to integrate into the French local community’s efforts and achievements, and emigrated to France, and multi-running Sino-French relations in the 1970s to make a positive contribution at the meeting, the grant – Overseas Chinese Legion Knight of the Order.

    Asian Commissioner of the French ruling UMP party involved in organizing the conference, Sun Wenxiong said, who attended the conference, from China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and other Asian countries, guests, more than 1,200 people, including overseas Chinese Chinese representatives and one-third.

    President Chen
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    The United States and France’s presidential election showdown with the door? 2012-02-04

    U.S. President Barack Obama

    French President Nicolas Sarkozy

    U.S. Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney

    French Socialist Party presidential candidate, Hollande

    Harvard University

    Paris Institute of Political

    Tokyo University Hall

    Inventory of the world “Leadership Development Camp:” accidentally, you can teach a president. ”

    April 22, in the French presidential election match-ups Nicolas Sarkozy and opposition leader François Hollande, have graduated from the Paris Institute of Political
    Today, the loudest voices of the U.S. Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney and President Barack Obama graduated from Harvard University. Looking at the world, more prestigious institutions like Harvard or the Paris Institute of Political, because of its excellent academic status, quality of teaching strength, and special alumni resources, has become a tradition on and cultivate the cradle of the leaders of the social elite and world politics .

    United Kingdom:

    Oxford PK University of Cambridge

    Oxford University was founded in 1167, Cambridge was founded in 1209. Oxford is known for “The Prime Minister Cradle known;
    Cambridge said, “the cradle of scientists” with out a number of political leaders from Cambridge.

    In England’s history, including Margaret Thatcher, Tony Blair, Cameron, including a total of 26 prime ministers, in Oxford educated. Oxford 11 King produced from at least seven countries, six British kings, 47 Nobel Prize winners, 28 of the 18 countries from outside the UK, the President and the Prime Minister.

    Since 1904, Cambridge University, a total out of 88 Nobel Prize winners. In addition to the achievements of the natural sciences, Cambridge University to develop leaders, no less. A total of 14 British Prime Minister, and at least 25 leaders of other countries, graduated from Cambridge, the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajiv Gandhi, Manmohan Singh, as well as Malaysia’s first Prime Minister Tunku Rahmani Man, former Singapore Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew, are Cambridge alumni.

    France: Paris Institute of Political PK National School of Administration

    Paris Institute of Political founded in 1872, known as the cradle of French politicians and social elites in the four disciplines of economics, law, society and history and political science, international reputation. 70% of French politicians, 80 percent of business managers, and almost all the French president of the country, the Prime Minister are graduates here. 6 President of the French Fifth Republic has so far, with the exception of Charles de Gaulle and Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, Pompidou, Mitterrand, Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy, have been studied Political Science in Paris. 18 Prime Minister of the French Fifth Republic, including Lionel Jospin, Alain Juppe, 10, have graduated from the universities. Former UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, are Etudes Politiques de Paris Institute alumni.

    Today, the support rate is higher than the French Socialist Party presidential candidate Nicolas Sarkozy, Hollande, students and graduates from the Paris Institute of Political Hollande had studied in another elite institutions – the French National School of Administration. He and lived together for 25 years, the former partner Royal (2007, on behalf of the Socialist Party against Nicolas Sarkozy) is here met each other.

    National School of Administration (referred to as ENA), known as the “President of the cradle,” said. This elite college was founded in 1945, specializing in training senior civil servants, almost all the political ambitions of the French elite gold-plated land. Training of senior civil service or administrative court judge for the main purpose of the College has about 1,100 more than Speaker staff each year, only to recruit about a hundred people so far trained 5600 senior French officials and the 2600 foreign students. From the 1960s onwards, each cabinet in France, 1/3 of the Minister, post-graduate colleges and universities in recent sessions of the Cabinet, half of the ministers are ENA alumni. Former French President Valery Giscard d’Estaing, Chirac were all graduates of the National School of Administration. Including Alain Juppe, Jospin, Dominique de Villepin, including six French prime minister, also graduated from this. Togo, Republic of the Congo, Niger, Benin and other former French colonial heads of state or government leaders have been trained here.

    United States: Harvard University, at PK Yale University

    In the U.S., the President of the cradle of the three: Harvard, Yale, Columbia, all belong to the Ivy League. However, the presidential academic background, cross, some people, to Columbia, read Harvard, some people, the first reading at Harvard, read Columbia, there are those who first read the Yale read Harvard.

    Solely on undergraduate education in Harvard history, out of five presidents, they are – John Adams (second president of the United States), John Quincy Adams (sixth president, John Adams’s son) Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Kennedy. However, George W. Bush graduated from Yale and a degree in history at Harvard Business School, MBA; Obama after graduating from Columbia University with honors identity, came to his father attended Harvard University Law College, a JD. The two can be regarded as the Harvard alumni. 19 President Rutherford Birchard Hayes, Kenyon College in Ohio after graduation, came to Harvard Law School and earned a law degree. Coupled with his Harvard alumni, a total of eight, was elected President of the United States.

    Truly received undergraduate education at Yale University, President of the United States, there are three: the 27 president of the United States, William Howard Taft, and George HW Bush, George W. Bush and his son. Gerald Ford and Bill Clinton graduated from Yale Law School, before completing their undergraduate education at the University of Michigan and Georgetown University. Yale only out of the five presidents, from Ford has been the President of the frequency is too high from the old Bush, the middle, after Bill Clinton to George W. Bush to end, equal to 20 years, the United States by the Yale Alumni rule, the Yale thunder, and sometimes overshadowed by Harvard. Yale faculty normally open joke is: “not careful, you can teach a president.”

    Studying at Columbia University, President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt, U.S. President Barack Obama.

    Japan:

    University of Tokyo, PK Waseda University

    University of Tokyo in Japan, the hotbed known as “bureaucratic”, “Prime Minister Prime Minister talent took place”. University of Tokyo, was established in 1877, founded the first National University of Japan, Asia is also the founder of the first universities to school a hundred years old, trained a large number of well-known figure, it is said, the contemporary Japanese celebrities, the University of Tokyo graduates about half or more. The only East Dafa Faculty of 40,000 graduates, there are 2,700 people, the Guanting work over. Japanese Prime Minister from 1921 to 1945, there is 1/3 from the East, Japanese Prime Minister after the war, more than 30, including Shigeru Yoshida and Ichiro Hatoyama, Takeo Fukuda and Yasuhiro Nakasone, Hatoyama by Yukio, including at least nine from the East. It can be said that the East trained to master the Japanese political and economic lifeline.

    By politicians, academia the dignitaries founder of Waseda University, founded in 1882, is the cradle of Japan’s social elite. For 100 years, Waseda University has trained the famous people of many political, economic and cultural sectors, former Japanese Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori, Yasuo Fukuda, Noboru Takeshita, Toshiki Kaifu, Keizo Obuchi, etc., have graduated from the school. Just took office in August last year, the 95th prime minister in Japan Noda, Waseda University alumni. China’s modern revolution in the history of many important figures, such as Chen Duxiu, Li Dazhao, Peng Pai, Liao, early, have studying at Waseda University.

    Known as Waseda University and Keio University, Japan Hutch “(Hashimoto Ryutaro, Junichiro Koizumi, a graduate of this), the Japanese royal family attended Gakushuin University (Taro Aso graduated from this) is a number of politicians in Japan senior officials of his alma mater.

    President Chen
    The the Qzone URL: 1779642876@qzone.qq.com; QQ: 1,779,642,876; E-MAIL: 1779642876@qq.com;

    British media reports, Russia’s third richest Prokhorov, presidential candidate, recently declared that if he has been elected president, he will not give any government jobs in the current Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, Putin era as a national leader, has ended.
    46-year-old billionaire Prokhorov said: “I hope to bring new faces to the political arena, Putin has been in power for 12 years, has done a lot of work, but it was enough, it is time to other a chance. ”
    Prokhorov new Russian political arena, and the other four candidates in the presidential election held on March 4, to start competing.
    The poll showed that 59-year-old Putin, the current support rate is still high, he is likely in the next month’s presidential election, easily winning.

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