美国习惯当老大,八大行业中国已超美国, 时间:2012-01-29

美国习惯当老大,八大行业中国已超美国, 时间:2012-01-29
美国在很多领域都是全世界第一,但在有些领域要习惯于过去的第一。美国在部分行业的位置已经被其它国家超过,多数第一都是被中国取代。
《24/7华尔街》说,经济学家几年来都在说,中国GDP增长速度显示中国经济将在20-30年内超过美国。中国GDP目前为6.5万亿美元,居全球第二位。美国的GDP为15.2万亿美元。尽管中国还要很长的道路要走,但两国发展速度相差很远:中国经济去年增长9%,美国大约增长2%稍多一点。
1961年中国人均啤酒消费只有半瓶;但2007年人均消费上升到103瓶。(网络图)
美国制造业成本上升太快,在发达国家也是相当高的。而中国的劳动力成本优势帮助它成为全世界最大的钢铁和汽车生产商。但是低成本并非中国成为全世界很多产品最大制造商的唯一原因。随着中国制造业和中产阶级扩大,该国13亿人口正在变成消费者。中国也发现自己生产棉花等原材料比进口效果更好。
《24/7华尔街》通过调查制造业、农业和金融业,发现以下是美国被中国超过的行业:
1)钢
中国产量:2010年6.27亿吨
美国产量:2010年8000万吨
美国排名:第三位
美国钢产量在1973年是全世界第一,生产1.36亿吨粗钢。在那之前,美国多年都是独占鳌头;但次年苏联钢产量达到1.362亿吨,而美国稍微下降到1.322亿吨。今天,完全不同的国家主导市场。2010年,中国钢产量6.27亿吨;日本以1.1亿吨居第二名。美国钢产量只有8000万吨,居第三。
2)棉花
中国产量:2011年730万吨
美国产量:2011年340万吨
美国排名:第三位
2000年美国棉花产量420万吨,全球排名第一。中国当时产量381万吨,紧随其后。但到2008年,中国不仅超过美国,而且产量几乎相当于美国的两倍:中国那年产量为810万吨,而美国为420万吨。此前一年,由于育种和生产技术上的突破,印度超过美国,产量居第二位。2011-2012年,中国产量为730万吨,印度600万吨,美国340万吨。
3)发行初始股集资
中国发行初始股:2011年集资730亿美元
美国发行初始股:2011年集资307亿美元
美国排名: 第二位
甚至在金融行业,美国也开始落后于中国。据国家经济研究局(National Bureau of Economic Research)的数据,美国发行初始股集资所占全世界的比例从1990年代的27%下降到2000年代的12%。2011年,中国公司在上海、深圳和香港共集资730亿美元;几乎相当于纽约股票交易所和纳斯达克的两倍。美国最近一次在初始股集资方面占首位是2008年。
4)烟草
中国产量:2010年300万吨
美国产量:2010万33万吨
美国排名:第四位
1976年之前,美国烟草产量一直为全世界第一。今天,美国产量仅占全球产量的6%。中国产量2010年超过300万吨,而美国为32.6万吨。分别排名第二和第三的烟草生产大户是巴西和印度。
5)汽车
中国产量:2010年1830万辆
美国产量:2010年780万辆
美国排名:第三位
汽车制造被看作美国最关键的产业。但最近几年来,其它国家在超过美国。美国汽车工业2008年崩溃,需要政府大规模救助通用汽车和克莱斯勒。2010年,美国制造780万辆汽车,日本产量为960万辆;中国生产1830万辆,为全世界最大的汽车制造产地。
6)啤酒
中国产量:2010年4.438亿百升(hectoliters)
美国产量:2010年2.278亿百升
美国排名:第二位
美国在2000年啤酒产量为2.32亿百升,仍为世界第一;中国为2.2亿百升。十年之后,中国产量4.438亿百升,而美国为2.278亿百升。中国不仅是因为人口相当于美国的四倍,啤酒消耗量也在快速上升。根据世界卫生组织的数据,1961年中国人均啤酒消费只有半瓶;但2007年人均消费上升到103瓶。
7)高技术出口
中国产量:2009年3480亿美元
美国产量:2009年1420亿美元
美国排名:第二位
世界银行的高技术定义为:具有高含量研发(R&D),比如航天、电脑、制药、科研仪器和电动机器。美国仍然是全世界最大的药品生产国,上述其它行业也主要是靠国内。但根据世界银行的统计,中国从2005年在高技术出口方面超过美国。2009年中国高技术出口价值3480亿美元,而美国为1420亿美元。
8)煤
中国产量:2010年32.4亿吨
美国产量:2010年9.85亿吨
美国排名:第二位
直到1984年,美国煤产量一直居全世界第一;现在居第二位,但远远落后于中国。美国2010年煤产量不到10亿吨,而中国超过32亿吨。中国过去十年来能源工业大发展。美国从2005年开始煤产量稍微下降,而中国同期增长38%。两国占全世界煤产量的一半多。

陈,手机:+0086-13901623260;
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U.S. habits when the boss, eight industry in China exceeded the United States, time :2012 -01-29
The United States is the world’s first in many areas, but in some areas to be used past the first. The United States has been the location of some industries more than others, most of the first are to be replaced by China.

“24 / 7 Wall Street,” said the economist, said in the past few years, China’s GDP growth rate shows that the Chinese economy will overtake the U.S. in 20-30 years. China’s GDP is currently $ 6.5 trillion, ranking second in the world. U.S. GDP of 15.2 trillion dollars. Although China still has a long way to go, but a far cry from the pace of development between the two countries: China’s economic growth of 9% last year, an increase of approximately 2% of the United States a little more.

1961 China’s per capita beer consumption is only half a bottle; but per capita consumption in 2007 rose to 103 bottles. (Networks)
U.S. manufacturing costs rise too fast, in developed countries is quite high. And China’s labor cost advantage to help it become the world’s largest steel and car manufacturers. But cost is not China become the world’s largest manufacturer of many products the only reason. With the expansion of Chinese manufacturing and the middle class, the country’s 1.3 billion people are becoming consumers. China also produce cotton and other raw materials found himself better than the imports.

“24 / 7 Wall Street” by investigating manufacturing, agriculture and financial sectors, found that the United States by the Chinese more than the following industries:

1) steel

Chinese production: 627 million tons in 2010
U.S. production: 80 million tons in 2010
The United States ranked: third

U.S. steel production in 1973 is the world’s first production of 136 million tons of crude steel. Prior to that, the United States for many years are champion; but the following year the Soviet steel production reached 136.2 million tons, while the U.S. declined slightly to 132.2 million tons. Today, a completely different country-led market. In 2010, China’s steel production 627 million tons; Japan ranks second to 110 million tons. U.S. steel production is only 8,000 tons, ranking third.

2) Cotton

Chinese production: 7.3 million tons in 2011
U.S. production: 3.4 million tons in 2011
The United States ranked: third

In 2000, U.S. cotton production 4.2 million tons, ranking first. Chinese production was 3.81 million tons, followed. But by 2008, China surpassed the United States only, and production is almost the equivalent of twice the U.S.: China that annual production of 810 million tons, while the U.S. is 420 million tons. The previous year, due to breeding and producing technological breakthroughs, India surpassed the United States, production in the second. 2011-2012, China’s output of 730 million tons, India 600 million tons, the United States 3.4 million tons.

3) IPO fund raising

China IPO: 2011, raising $ 73 billion
U.S. IPO: $ 30.7 billion raised in 2011
The United States ranked: second place

Even in the financial industry, the United States have begun to lag behind in China. According to the National Bureau of Economic Research (National Bureau of Economic Research) data, the U.S. share of world IPO fund-raising increased from 27% in the 1990s to the 2000s of 12%. In 2011, Chinese companies in Shanghai, Shenzhen and Hong Kong, raising a total of $ 73 billion; almost equivalent to the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq twice. Most recently in the United States accounts for the initial rights issue first in 2008.

4) Tobacco

Chinese production: 3 million tons in 2010
U.S. production: 2010 万 330,000 tons
The United States ranked: fourth

Prior to 1976, U.S. tobacco production has been the world’s first. Today, the U.S. production accounted for only 6% of global production. China’s output of over 3 million tons in 2010, while the U.S. was 32.6 million tons. Were ranked second and third large tobacco production in Brazil and India.
5) car

Chinese production: 2010 18.3 million
U.S. production: 7.8 million in 2010
The United States ranked: third

Automobile manufacturing is seen as America’s most critical industries. But in recent years, other countries than the United States. U.S. auto industry collapse in 2008, requires massive government rescue General Motors and Chrysler. In 2010, U.S. manufacturing 7.8 million cars, the Japanese production of 9.6 million; China produced 18.3 million for the origin of the world’s largest automaker.

6) Beer

Chinese production: 2010 443 800 000 one hundred liters (hectoliters)
U.S. production: 2010 227 800 000 one hundred liters
The United States ranked: second place

U.S. beer production in 2000, 232 million hectoliters, still the world; China to 220 million hectoliters. Ten years later, China’s output of 443.8 million hectoliters, while the U.S. is 227.8 million hectoliters. China is not only because the population is equivalent to four times the United States, beer consumption is also rising rapidly. According to the World Health Organization, 1961, China’s per capita beer consumption is only half a bottle; but in 2007 the per capita consumption of up to 103 bottles.

7) high-tech exports

China’s output of: $ 348 billion in 2009
U.S. production: $ 142 billion in 2009
The United States ranked: second place

The World Bank’s high-tech is defined as: research and development with a high content (R & D), such as aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments and electrical machinery. The United States remains the world’s largest drug-producing countries, the other industries also rely mainly on domestic. However, according to World Bank statistics, China from high-tech exports in 2005 surpassed the United States. Chinese high-tech exports in 2009 worth $ 348 billion, while U.S. $ 142 billion.

8) Coal

Chinese production: 3.24 billion tons in 2010
U.S. production: 985 million tons in 2010
The United States ranked: second place

Until 1984, U.S. coal production has been among the world’s first; now in second place, but far behind China. U.S. coal production in 2010, less than 10 million tons, while China more than 3.2 billion tons. China in the past ten years the great development of the energy industry. U.S. coal production starting in 2005 declined slightly, while China grew 38%. Two countries accounted for more than half the world’s coal production.

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《美国习惯当老大,八大行业中国已超美国, 时间:2012-01-29》有一个想法

  1. 中国经济发展继续造福国内各地旅游景点,二,三线城市的获益尤其大。刚刚结束的春节长假,全国游客量达1.76亿人次,同比增长14.9%,旅游总收入1014亿元人民币,增长23.6%。
    中国国家旅游局、国家统计局联合制定的《“黄金周”旅游信息统计调查制度》要求,经汇总的统计数字显示,全国旅游业同比增长显著,在1.76亿旅客人次中,住宿旅馆等场所的过夜旅游者为4180万人次,约占33%,其余为一日游旅客人次。
      在旅客人次中,四大直辖市等39个重点旅游城市,接待人次达6659万,约占38%。这39个重点城市包括黄山、张家界、桂林等著名景点,也包括遵义、延安、瑞金等红色旅游点。
      在1014亿元人民币的旅游收入中,39个重点旅游城市收入383.8亿元,约近四成。
      在各地旅游收获中,北京、上海等一线城市游客人数增长相对缓慢,二三线城市景点增长快速。传统旅游城市杭州甚至出现游客人数负增长,但收入增加的现象。
      交通设施的便利化,有助于同城旅游的发展。长三角地区近年来高速公路和铁路的开发,刺激了旅游业的发展,7天的春节假期,上海9条高速公路道口进沪客车达47.42万辆次,同比大增21.85%。
      上海市抽样调查显示,游客在沪期间人均消费为943元,同比增长7%,其中购物消费占44%,多个商圈都有一成以上的销售增长。反映中国游客消费能力持续提升。
    旅游形态也有所转变,以北京、重庆等地为例,乡村旅游人次都有更显著的增幅;其他如滑雪、温泉等增长也更受关注。
      中国旅游经济的发展也惠及香港。香港旅游业议会数据显示,欧债危机导致外国游客人数在今年春节期间下跌2%至3%,但内地客人数则增长3%至4%,反过来支撑访港旅客人数微升1%。香港酒店入住率甚至同比上升10%达85%以上。
      今年选择自由行的旅客比率已近50%。

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    2011年各省旅游总收入排行榜, 江苏再居首位(2012-01-30)
    日前对2011年全国各省市区旅游总收入情况进行了统计,在已经公布数字的30个省区市中,江苏省以5580亿元再列旅游总收入排行榜第一名,同比增长19.1%。广东和浙江分别以4860亿元、3900亿元分列第二、三位。山东省是接待游客总人次最多的省份,总数达4.15亿人次,但旅游总收入只有3700亿元,排名第四。
      已经公布统计数据的30个省区市中,有6个省的总收入超过3000亿,有21个省的总收入超过1000亿。其中北京首次突破3000亿大关,四川首次突破2000亿大关,河北、陕西、重庆、广西、江西、黑龙江等6个省份首次突破1000亿大关。
      已经公布统计数据的这30个省区市中,有13个省的接待游客总人数过亿。重庆去年游客接待总人数、旅游总收入同比增长两个数字都是全国第一,人数攀升了37.3%,总收入攀升38.22%。

    YIZHAN国际旅行社,陈,手机:+0086-13901623260;
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    1779642876@qq.com
    英国正在利用其不属于欧元区的优势,向中国大献殷勤,积极吸引中国投资以缓解濒临衰退边缘的经济。
    英国财政部长奥斯本在本月到中国访问时曾表示,他有意把伦敦打造成人民币的国际兑换中心。英国首相卡梅伦将于6月接待中国总理,两人会在伦敦举行会谈。
    奥斯本和卡梅伦所发出的信息是一致的,即英国市场绝对开放,欢迎外来投资。
    拥有4100亿美元的中国主权财富基金有意在欧洲和北美洲投资基础设施项目。而奥斯本曾表示,希望为新的基建项目筹集300亿英镑(约590亿新元)的资金,以提振萎靡的英国经济。
    中国投资有限责任公司20日宣布,公司已通过其全资子公司,购买英国泰晤士水务公司(Thames Water)8.6%的股份。
    橱柜里,外国名牌奢侈品“琳琅满目”-有法国品牌兰姿(Lancel)手提包;卓丹(Charles Jourdan)高跟鞋;有美国品牌凯特·丝蓓(Kate Spade);英国品牌玛百莉(Mulberry)的手提包。最昂贵奢侈品,价值1万多元的玛百莉包包,国际品牌
    胡润研究院近期也揭晓“全球十大最值钱的奢侈品牌”——茅台和五粮液,分别跻身榜上第四和第七名,以120亿美元,和70亿美元的身价,胜过其他国际知名品牌,如,劳力士(Rolex)和卡地亚(Cartier)。
    中国目前有近两亿名奢侈品消费者,是全球奢侈品消费第二大国,仅次于日本。中国大陆市场去年的奢侈品消费总额达到126亿美元,比2009年,高出了40亿美元。
    世界奢侈品协会估计-中国今年有望取代日本,成为头号奢侈品消费国。

    China’s economic development continue to benefit the tourist attractions around the country, second and third tier cities to benefit in particular. The just-concluded New Year holiday, the country reached 176 million tourist trips, an increase of 14.9%, total tourism income of 101.4 billion yuan, an increase of 23.6%.

    China National Tourism Administration, the National Bureau of Statistics jointly developed the “” Golden Week “travel survey information system” requirements, the summary statistics, the national tourism industry grew significantly in 176 million passenger trips, hotels and other lodging places overnight tourists to 41.8 million passengers, about 33%, the rest day trip visitors.

    In the visitors, the four municipalities and 39 key tourist cities, received up to 66.59 million people, about 38%. This 39 key cities, including Huangshan, Zhangjiajie, Guilin and other famous attractions, including Lawrence, Yan’an, Ruijin and other tourist spots in red.

    At 101.4 billion yuan in tourism revenue in 39 major tourism cities revenue 38.38 billion yuan, about nearly forty percent.

    Travel around the harvest in Beijing, Shanghai and other cities relatively slow growth in the number of tourists, second and third tier cities attractions grow rapidly. Traditional tourist city of Hangzhou and even negative growth in the number of tourists, but the phenomenon of the increase in income.

    Facilitation of transport facilities, will help the development of city tourism. Yangtze River Delta region in recent years the development of highways and railways, to stimulate the development of tourism, the seven-day Spring Festival holiday, Shanghai 9 highway crossing Jinhu bus up to 474,200 times, greatly increased 21.85% year on year.

    Sample survey in Shanghai, Shanghai tourists in per capita consumption of $ 943 during the period, an increase of 7%, which accounted for 44% of shopping, more shopping district has more than one percent sales growth. Reflect the spending power of Chinese tourists continued to improve.
    Travel patterns have also been changed to Beijing, Chongqing and other places, for example, rural tourism people have a more significant increase; others such as skiing, hot springs and other growth is also more attention.
    China’s tourism economy also benefit Hong Kong. TIC data show that the debt crisis led to the number of foreign tourists during the Spring Festival this year, down 2% to 3%, but the number of mainland visitors will grow by 3% to 4%, in turn, support the number of visitors rose 1%. Hong Kong’s hotel occupancy rate rose 10% and even 85% or more.

    Ratio of the free exercise of choice this year, nearly 50% of passengers.

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    Provincial tourism revenues by 2011 list, and then in the first place, Jiangsu (2012-01-30)

    Recently in 2011 the country’s total tourism income of provincial and municipal areas the statistics, the number has been published in the 30 provinces, autonomous regions, to 558 billion yuan, Jiangsu Province, and then the first column list the total tourism revenue, an increase of 19.1%. Guangdong and Zhejiang, respectively, to 486 billion yuan, 390 billion yuan in second and third. Shandong province is the total number of tourists most of the provinces, a total of 415 million times, but the total tourism income of 370 billion yuan, ranking fourth.

    Statistical data has been published for 30 provinces, autonomous regions, six provinces of the total income of more than 300 billion, there are 21 provinces more than 100 billion of total revenue. One Beijing 300 billion mark for the first time, exceeded 200 billion mark for the first time in Sichuan, Hebei, Shaanxi, Chongqing, Guangxi, Jiangxi, Heilongjiang and other six provinces for the first time exceeded 100 billion mark.

    Has published statistics of the 30 provinces, autonomous regions, 13 provinces of the total number of tourists billions of dollars. Chongqing received last year, the total number of tourists, tourism revenues increased by two figures are the first in the country, the number rose by 37.3%, total income rose 38.22%.

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    Britain does not belong to the euro area is to use its advantages to the Chinese gallant, to attract Chinese investment to ease the edge of the brink of economic recession.
    Osborne, the British finance minister to visit China this month when he said that he intends to fight the London International Exchange Center of RMB. British Prime Minister Cameron will receive the Chinese prime minister in June, the two held talks in London.
    Osborne and Cameron are the message is consistent, that is the UK market and is open to foreign investment.
    With $ 410 billion of China’s sovereign wealth fund intends to invest in Europe and North America infrastructure projects. The Osborne has said it wants to raise $ 30 new infrastructure projects billion pounds (about 590 billion dollars) of funds to boost the flagging UK economy.
    China Investment Co., Ltd. 20, announced that it has, through its wholly owned subsidiary, purchased the British Thames Water (Thames Water) 8.6% of the shares.

    Cabinet, the foreign luxury brands, “dazzling” – a French brand Lancel (Lancel) bag; Zhuodan (Charles Jourdan) high heels; a U.S. brand Kaitesibei (Kate Spade); British brands M 100 Li ( Mulberry) handbag. The most expensive luxury goods, worth 10,000 yuan Li bags of M 100, the international brand
    Report Research Institute recently announced the “world’s top ten most valuable luxury brand” – Maotai and Wuliangye, fourth and seventh respectively among the standings, to $ 12 billion and 70 billion dollars worth, better than other international well-known brands such as Rolex (Rolex) and Cartier (Cartier).
    China now has nearly two hundred million luxury consumers, luxury is the world’s second largest country, after Japan. The luxury goods market in China last year, total spending reached $ 12.6 billion, compared with 2009, higher than $ 4 billion.
    World Luxury Association estimates – is expected this year, China replaced Japan as the top consumer of luxury goods.

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