澳大利亚外长陆克文纽约谈中国崛起与世界新格局, 时间:2012-01-13.

澳大利亚外长陆克文纽约谈中国崛起与世界新格局, 时间:2012-01-13.
1月13日,纽约,能讲一口流利中文的澳大利亚前总理、现任外交部长陆克文(Kevin Rudd)应邀在纽约亚洲协会发表演讲,指出:随着中国的崛起,世界格局正在发生根本性的变化,亚太地区的所有成员,都需要通过结成“亚太共同体”(Pax Pacifica)这样的联盟,来加强互信,维护共同的利益和适应新的世界格局。
陆克文外长在13日中午的演讲中,整个主题,均围绕中国的崛起和世界应当如何接受随之而来的世界格局根本性变迁而展开。他表示,在过去130多里,美国从最初的默默无闻和孤立主义,成长为世界性的超级大国,并在二战后,主导了全球的政治和经济秩序。但,新的历史趋势,总是在人们不经意间开始出现 — 自从中国在70年代末开始改革开放以来,仅用了一代人的时间,便让整个国家的实力,发生了根本性的改变。
陆克文引用《 经济学人》杂志的一组最新数据表示,如果以购买力平价来衡量,中国经济在五年之后,将超过美国;如果以汇率为基准,中国经济不出七年,也会超过美国。以刚刚过去的几年来看,中国的出口总额,在2007年,超过了美国;固定资产投资,在2009年,超过美国;工业总产出,在2010年,超过美国;能源消费也在2010年,超过美国;中国的专利申请总数,也在2010年,首次超越了美国。
陆克文表示,展望未来,中国的进口总额,将在2014年,超过美国;零售总额,也会在2014年,超过美国;财富全球500强企业,目前,有半数为美国企业;到了2016年,中国企业将超越美国企业,占据多数;中国的股市市值,在2020年,将超过美国的华尔街。
陆克文说,眼下,是世界格局正在经历根本性变革的时期。中国成为世界首屈一指的大国,将成为过去500年里,继西班牙和整个西方的崛起之后,首次,有一个亚洲国家,占据世界领导地位。伴随着这一变革,亚太地区和全世界都必须作出相应的调整。
陆克文随后,从分析北京、华盛顿的立场,以及亚太各国的利益互动,提出了建立地区性合作组织的构想,认为:这是应对以中国为主导的新的世界格局的最好的策略。
陆克文表示,虽然,按照美国前国务卿基辛格的说法,亚太地区的将来,将主要取决于(中国美国)两国对于该地区的设计和构想,但,该地区的其他国家,并非是只能被动接受这一命运的附属品,包括,印度、日本、印尼等国在内的经济体,都在快速发展,并且实力不容忽视。但,与此同时,亚洲各国相互之间,又有着过去几十年沿袭下来的领土争端,这些问题,对地区稳定都构成威胁。因此,建立这些国家之间的互信与沟通,至关重要。如果人们能够在亚太经合组织这类机构的基础上,再加入同地区安全有关的元素,成立一个,包括中国美国和澳洲在内的“亚太联盟”,或“亚太共同体”,将会有利于整个地区的繁荣与稳定。
陆克文并以自己对中国文化的了解,详细阐述了他对中国的“和谐社会”政治理念的理解,认为:这一概念,虽然在翻成英文后,几乎没有毫无意义,但,中国文化里的“和谐”,却有着深厚的历史涵义,代表着中国社会几千年来,对于“动乱”的深层次担忧,和本能的回避。这一词汇,包含着中国领导人对于世界秩序的理解和期待。
当现场有听众问到:如何看待中国所代表的一种与西方完全不同的意识形态占据世界主导地位时,陆克文说,过去几百年里,整个世界,的确是在按照所谓“西方”的文明理念在运作,但,中国政府一向坚持自己在政治和人权等方面的立场和理念,反对让政治制度和人权的概念跨越国界。在这方面,陆克文称,西方世界所能做的,最好的策略,就是坚持与中国的对话与互动。
陆克文与亚洲协会董事James Wolfensohn、共同主席Henrietta Fore和会长Vishakha Desai.
谷歌英语;谷歌英文;以汉语,中文为准!
Australian Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd in New York to talk about the rise of China and the world a new pattern, time :2012 -01-13.
January 13, New York, speaks fluent Chinese, former Australian Prime Minister and current Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd (Kevin Rudd) was invited to the Asia Society in New York speech, pointed out: With the rise of China, the world is undergoing a fundamental change in the pattern of , all members of the Asia-Pacific region, are formed through “Asia-Pacific Community” (Pax Pacifica) such an alliance, to strengthen mutual trust and safeguard common interests and to adapt to the new world situation.

Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd’s speech at 13 noon, the entire theme, all around the rise of China and how the world should accept the world followed the pattern of fundamental change and expand. He said that in the past 130 years, from initial obscurity and American isolationism, to grow into a global superpower, and after World War II, dominated the global political and economic order. However, the new historical trend, always in people inadvertently began to appear – since the late 1970s China began reform and opening up, in just one generation, then the strength of the whole country, has undergone a fundamental change.

Rudd quote “The Economist” magazine, said the latest data set, if measured by purchasing power parity, China’s economy after five years, will exceed the United States; if the exchange rate as a benchmark, not seven years of China’s economy will exceed the the United States. In just the past few years, China’s total exports in 2007, more than the United States; fixed asset investment in 2009, more than the United States; total industrial output in 2010, more than the United States; energy consumption in 2010 is also over the United States; the total number of patent applications in China, also in 2010, for the first time surpassed the United States.
Rudd said the future of China’s total imports, in 2014, more than the United States; retail sales, also in 2014, more than the United States; Fortune Global 500 companies, at present, half of U.S. companies; 2016, China will overtake the United States business enterprise, a majority; China’s stock market in 2020, will exceed the U.S. Wall Street.

Rudd said that now, is the world situation is undergoing fundamental changes in the period. China became the world’s leading powers, will be the last 500 years, following the rise of Spain and the West after the first time, there is an Asian country, take the world leadership. Along with this change, the Asia-Pacific region and the world must be adjusted accordingly.

Rudd then, from the analysis of Beijing, Washington’s position, as well as the interests of Asia-Pacific countries interact, proposed the establishment of the idea of ​​regional cooperation organization, that: This is the deal with China as the new world led by the best strategy.

Rudd said that although, according to former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger to say, the future of the Asia-Pacific region, will depend primarily on (China U.S.) for the area between the design and concept, but the rest of the region, not only can passively accept the fate of accessories, including, India, Japan, Indonesia and other countries, including the economy, are in rapid development, and strength can not be ignored. However, at the same time, among countries in Asia, but also inherited from the past few decades has territorial disputes, these issues pose a threat to regional stability. Therefore, the establishment of mutual trust between these countries and communication is essential. If people are able to APEC on the basis of such institutions, then add the same element of regional security, the establishment of a, including China, including the United States and Australia, “Asia-Pacific Union”, or “Pacific Community”, will benefit the entire region prosperity and stability.

Kevin Rudd and his own understanding of Chinese culture, he elaborated on China’s “harmonious society” and political understanding of the concept, that: the concept, although translated into English, almost no meaningless, but the Chinese culture in “harmony”, but it has deep historical meaning, representing the Chinese society for thousands of years, for the “turmoil” of the deep-seated fears and instinctive avoidance. This term includes the Chinese leaders to understand and look forward to world order.

When the scene to the audience asked: How should China and the West represented a completely different ideological world occupy a dominant position, Rudd said in the past few years, the whole world, and indeed in accordance with the so-called “Western” civilization concept in the operation, but the Chinese government has always insisted on their own in the political and human rights aspects of the position and philosophy, opposed to the political system and the concept of human rights across borders. In this regard, Mr Rudd said the Western world can do, the best strategy is to insist on dialogue and interaction with China.

Kevin Rudd and the Asia Society director James Wolfensohn, President of Henrietta Fore and co-president Vishakha Desai.

Google English; Google English; to Chinese, Chinese version shall prevail!