包括前总理钦纽 缅甸释放知名政治犯

包括前总理钦纽 缅甸释放知名政治犯

(2012-01-14)

缅甸著名博客赖乃风(Nay Phone Latt,左二)昨天也重获自由,他的亲友到东部掸邦一所监狱门口迎接。 (法新社)
  (仰光综合电)缅甸新政府昨天释放了多名著名的政治犯,包括1988年学生领袖之一敏哥奈、缅甸政府前总理钦纽、掸邦民族领导人昆吞乌,以及著名博客赖乃风。
要争取西方

结束制裁

  报道称,这是缅甸政府最新改革之举,受到缅甸内外多方的欢迎。BBC记者在缅甸说,这可能是缅甸进行改革以来最重大的突破。在西方国家经济制裁的重压下,缅甸经济多年来停滞不前,此举显然是要争取西方结束制裁。这是缅甸今年第二次大赦。1月2日,缅甸总统曾签署大赦令,6656名服刑人员获释。

  去年10月,缅甸政府也特赦了230名政治犯,而缅甸下一步的民主改革进程,将会是4月举行议会补选,民主派领袖翁山淑枝也有意参选。

  据缅甸媒体报道,新的总统特赦中会释放651名囚犯,但没有说明其中包括多少名政治犯。一名缅甸政府官员说,这回的总统特赦“目的是要实现国家和解以及政治包容性”。

  缅甸民主联盟的资深党员温丁则表示,缅甸政府释放那么多名政治犯,显示了政府想要通过政治途径解决政治问题的决心。该党认为,此举有“正面意义”。

  昨天重获自由的囚犯当中,就包括1988年领导学生展开示威行动而被判刑65年的敏哥奈(Min Ko Naing)。

  缅甸政府前总理钦纽也在昨天获释。

  自1998年缅甸军政府执政后,钦纽一直是缅甸国家主要领导人之一,并一直兼任军事情报局局长和国家情报局局长。他上任后便提出七步民主路线图,要带领缅甸迈向民主,实现民族和解。

2004年10月,缅甸政府宣布钦纽“因健康原因退休”。2005年7月,钦纽因受包括贪污、受贿在内的8项指控,被特别法庭判处44年监禁,缓期执行。事实上,钦纽至今一直处于被软禁状态。
  钦纽获释后在仰光的住家外与记者会面。他说,他欢迎缅甸政府与翁山淑枝最近展开的对话,并表示缅甸未来必定能取得发展。他也说,自己今后将不会参与政治活动。

  另一名获释者是少数族群掸邦民族民主联盟主席昆吞乌(Khun Tun Oo)。他在2005年2月和其他几名掸邦民族的领袖被指犯下叛国罪,被判入狱93年。

  数十年来,缅甸一直跟寻求自治的少数族群交战,军人执政团在1988年掌权之后,与少数族群签署了停火协议,使局势暂时缓和;但后来中央政府为了巩固政权,与这些族群的关系变得紧张,战火也死灰复燃。

  多个西方政府因缅甸军人政府镇压少数民族,多年来对缅甸实施制裁,而结束与少数民族的冲突也就成了西方国家与缅甸改善关系的先决条件之一。

  另一方面,总部设在纽约的人权观察组织呼吁缅甸政府,确保获释的政治活跃分子能够自由地参与来临的补选。

  该组织的亚洲区副主任皮尔森说:“国际社会多年来所发出释放长期被拘留的政治犯的诉求,似乎终于推动缅甸政府做了正确的事。”

  她表示,缅甸政府下一步应该做的就是允许国际监察员确认其他未获释政治犯的行踪和状况。

  据估计,目前仍被关在缅甸监狱里的政治犯有大约500到1500人。

Including the release of former Prime Minister Khin Nyunt well-known political prisoners in Myanmar

(2012-01-14)

Myanmar is well-known blog depends on the wind (Nay Phone Latt, second from left) yesterday regained his freedom, his family and friends to a prison in eastern Shan State, the door to greet him. (AFP)
(Yangon, Syndicated news) – Myanmar over new government yesterday released the famous political prisoners, including the 1988 one student leader Min Ko Naing, Myanmar Prime Minister Khin Nyunt, Kun Shan ethnic leader Htun Oo, and the famous blog Lai is the wind .
To fight for the West

End to sanctions

Reported that the Myanmar government’s latest reform is the move by Myanmar’s internal and external parties welcome. BBC correspondent in Myanmar said that Myanmar may be the most significant breakthrough since the reform. In Western countries, under the weight of economic sanctions, Myanmar economic stagnation over the years, this is obviously to win the West end of the sanctions. This is the second time this year, Myanmar’s amnesty. January 2, Myanmar, the President has signed the amnesty, 6,656 inmates were released.

Last October, the Myanmar government amnesty of 230 political prisoners, and the Burmese democratic reform process in the next step will be the April parliamentary by-election, pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi are also potential candidates.

According to the Myanmar media reports, the new presidential pardon will release 651 prisoners, but did not include the number of political prisoners. A Myanmar government official said that the back of a presidential pardon, “the purpose is to achieve national reconciliation and political inclusiveness.”

Democratic Union of Myanmar, a senior party member Win Tin said that Myanmar government to release political prisoners than it shows the government wants to solve political problems through political means determination. Party that would have “a positive meaning.”

Freed prisoners yesterday, among the leaders on the 1988 student demonstrations started 65 years been sentenced Min Ko Naing (Min Ko Naing).

Former Government of Myanmar Prime Minister Khin Nyunt also released yesterday.

Since 1998, Myanmar’s military government came to power, Khin Nyunt has been one of the principal leaders of Myanmar, and has been part-time military intelligence chief and director of national intelligence. Made after he took office seven-step road map to democracy, to lead Burma towards democracy and national reconciliation.

In October 2004, the Myanmar government announced that Khin Nyunt, “retired due to health reasons.” In July 2005, Khin Nyunt, including due to corruption, bribery, including the eight charges, was sentenced to 44 years in prison for the Special Court, stay of execution. In fact, Khin Nyunt has been under house arrest status.
Khin Nyunt in Yangon after being released outside the home to meet with reporters. He said he welcomed the Myanmar government and Aung San Suu Kyi has recently initiated dialogue, and that Myanmar will be able to obtain future development. He also said he would not participate in political activities in the future.

Another release by the Shan minority National Democratic Alliance Chairman Kun Htun Oo (Khun Tun Oo). In February 2005 he and several other Shan leaders accused of committing national treason, sentenced to imprisonment for 93 years.

For decades, Burma has been seeking autonomy for ethnic minorities with the war, the military junta came to power in 1988, with the minority signed a ceasefire agreement, to ease the situation temporarily; but then the central government in order to consolidate political power, and change the relationship between these groups was tense, the battle has been revived.

Many Western governments because of Myanmar’s military junta suppressed minorities, impose sanctions on Myanmar for years, and end the conflict with the minority will become the Western countries to improve relations with Myanmar, one of the prerequisites.

On the other hand, New York-based Human Rights Watch called on the Government of Myanmar to ensure the release of political activists the freedom to participate in the coming election.

The organization’s deputy director of Pearson in Asia, said: “the release issued by the international community over the years the long-term demands of political detainees, promoting the Myanmar government appears to have finally done the right thing.”

She said that the Myanmar Government should do the next step is to allow international inspectors to confirm the whereabouts of other political prisoners are not released and condition.

It is estimated that, currently detained in Burma’s political prisoners in the prison about 500 to 1,500.