一贫如洗, 希腊爆弃养子女潮 （香港,2012-01-11) 香港报道，希腊财政危机严峻，不少家庭因陷入财困,出现“弃童潮”。英国广播公司报道，希腊的学校、教会及慈善机构等，过去数月,不断接收遭弃养的儿童，有的,更只是初生婴。希腊人认为,如此悲剧,只会发生在第三世界,弃儿个案,近月大升，令人忧虑希腊社会正在崩溃。 希腊是全球生育率最低的国家之一，妇女平均生产1.52胎,弃养子女的个案，近期,在全国均有出现。雅典一家幼稚园，早前,在一名4岁女学生身上,找到一张字条：“我不会来接安娜放学了，因为,我已无力养她。请好好照顾她，对不起。她的母亲敬上。” 月入万元,养十个子女, 盼政府收养 在南部港口城巿佩特雷，育有10名子女的盖斯佩里纳托斯夫妇称，目前,只能靠每月960欧元（约9500港元）的收入,和每两个月460欧元（约4600港元）救济金过生活，负债累累，无力抚养儿女，要求地方政府收养他们其中的3个儿子,1个女儿。父亲说：“我羞于启齿，但事实,是我要支付2欧元（约=20港元）,买面包,都十分困难。” 因家贫弃养8岁女儿的单亲母亲马利亚，失业逾1年，每日,需独留女儿在家，外出求职，母女仅靠教会的救济食物维生，马利亚已消瘦25公斤。最终马利亚决定,将女儿交由慈善机构SOS儿童村照顾，以免女儿受苦。对于弃养女儿，她无奈说：“我每晚,独自在家哭泣，但我能做什么？”马利亚现于咖啡店打工，每日,工资20欧元（约200港元），虽然,希望经济好转后,把女儿带回家，但遥遥无期。 母亲消瘦25公斤, 叹“我能做什么?” 经营青少年中心的东正教神父安托尼奥斯（Antonios）称，近两月,已在中心门前,发现4名被弃养的儿童，包括,一名只得数天大的初生婴。他说,去年,父母申请将子女交由中心照顾的个案多达数百宗，更出现愈来愈多乾脆弃养孩子的情况。SOS儿童村的社工称，过去,受监护儿童多来自有毒品、酗酒等问题的家庭，但现在,贫穷成为父母遗弃收养子女的主因。希腊官员坦言，自经济危机爆发以来，家庭求助数字急升，弃养儿女事件,恐怕将加剧。 中国钢厂或搅了必拓“金融梦” (2012-01-11) 对于必和必拓而言，如果没有中国钢厂的加入，正在新加坡筹建的铁矿石现货交易平台,将面临“缺血”风险。一位刚刚从新加坡回国的铁矿石贸易商透露，许多原本有意作为股东,加入“环球铁矿石现货交易平台”的国内大型铁矿石贸易企业和钢厂，都纷纷暂停或退出了这一计划。 “这里面,包括国内很多大型钢厂和贸易企业。”作为该交易平台的重要组成部分，这一明确信号,的确让信心满满的必和必拓感到“有些骑虎难下。”自去年11月开始，必和必拓早已开始在国内走访各大钢厂和贸易企业，希望国内企业可以以股东形式,加入这一平台。根据资料显示，这一平台,名为环球铁矿石现货交易平台，由环球煤炭交易平台(globalCOAL)筹建，最大发起方,正是三大矿山之一的必和必拓。这个平台被认为是必和必拓为了实现铁矿石金融化发起的又一次进攻。 该平台股东构成计划,为钢厂40%、矿山40%、贸易商20%，运营将采取会员制。“股东筹建，加上会员制运营，意味着-中国钢厂的加入,对这个平台意义重大。”中钢协一位负责人对记者表示，一方面，中国是铁矿石全球最大的需求国，另一方面，中国又是最大的铁矿石现货交易市场，铁矿石现货指数的定价采集,是在中国各大港口完成。不言而喻，必和必拓的现货交易平台计划,能否取得预想效果，很大程度取决于最大的客户群中国钢厂的参与度。 在日前举行的中国钢铁工业协会,2012年理事(扩大)会议上，中国钢铁工业协会会长、首钢总公司董事长朱继民透露，对于必和必拓筹建的“环球铁矿石现货交易平台”，协会已经开过两次会长会议,专门进行研讨,和五矿多次沟通，大家统一意见认为,企业可以去了解一下，但是,不要轻易加入，否则,行业话语权将会更加被境外掌握。寥寥数语背后，中国大型钢铁企业在此事上的立场,已经表露无遗。 实际上，从2009年取消长协定价到季度定价，然后,演变成为灵活的定价模式，三大矿山之中,必和必拓是推动“铁矿石金融化”最激进的一家。因为,背后有众多金融资本坐镇，把铁矿石演变成金融衍生品,成为最大的目标。 自长协定价模式被废除后，以铁矿石指数为基础的季度定价和月度定价,成为钢厂和三大矿山合作的主要模式。目前，国际上,有普氏指数、TSI指数和MB指数三大铁矿石指数，在必和必拓的推动下，普氏指数成为认定的参照标准。 值得注意的是，在一年多的运营中，国内机构普遍对普氏指数有所质疑，因为,其价格属于询价,采集的数据来源没有公布。这无疑成为必和必拓筹建铁矿石现货交易平台的理由。必和必拓对外公开表示，希望建立这样一个现货交易平台，发展到一定阶段后，将会形成一个基于现货交易的铁矿石指数，并最终形成被国际认可的铁矿石指数。 一位不愿透露姓名的业内人士评价，实际上,必和必拓期望把新加坡变成一个铁矿石价格形成中心，进而把铁矿石做成期货市场。新加坡是资本开放程度很高的国家，同时,是金融中心，铁矿石市场,若变成金融和投机市场，对于钢铁实业来说非常不利。 联合金属网矿石分析师张佳宾表示，从目前的情况看，建立一个现货交易平台，通过公开透明的交易,来生成价格，比用指数询价等方式等价，更加具有操作性和公平性，价格会更贴近市场真实水平，这是大势所趋。“从目前的情况看，中国钢铁行业对参加必和必拓的现货平台,存在很大顾虑的，这就表明，国内建立一个相类似的平台,存在很大可能性,这个平台,是由中钢协通过协会力量自己建立，还是由国内其他企业来组建，目前,还是个未知数。”他说。 北京国际矿业权交易所,已经在去年开始,计划推出中国铁矿石现货交易平台，其运行模式和必和必拓新加坡筹建的“环球铁矿石现货交易平台”类似。 Penniless, dependent children abandoned explosive wave of Greece (Hong Kong ,2012 -01-11) Hong Kong reported that the severe financial crisis in Greece, because many families into financial hardship, a “wave of abandoned children.” British Broadcasting Corporation reported that the Greek schools, churches and charitable organizations over the past few months, continue to receive the support of the children were abandoned, and some more new-born infants only. Greeks believe that such a tragedy will occur in the third world, abandoned the case, soared in recent months, worrying the Greek society is collapsing. Greece is one of the world’s lowest fertility rates, women’s average production of 1.52 births, cases of child abandonment, recently, have appeared in the country. Athens, a kindergarten, earlier, in a 4-year-old female student who found a note: “I do not come and take Anna from school, because I have been unable to keep her, please take good care of her, I’m sorry her mother, King on. ” Monthly income of 10,000 yuan, and raised ten children, hope the government adopted In the southern port city Patras, and they have 10 children 盖斯佩里纳 Santos couple said, at present, can only rely on the monthly 960 euros (about 9500 million) of income, and every two months € 460 ( about 4,600 million) live on benefits, debt, unable to raise children, which requires local governments to adopt their three sons, a daughter. My father said: “I am ashamed to say this, but the fact is I have to pay 200 euros (approximately = 20 million), to buy bread, are very difficult.” Abandonment due to a poor family of 8-year-old daughter, single mother Mary, unemployment more than one year, daily, daughter, at home to be left alone, out job, and her daughter alone church relief food for a living, Mary had weight loss of 25 kg. Mary eventually decided that his daughter by the charity SOS Children’s Village to take care of, so her daughter suffer. For the abandonment daughter, and she reluctantly said: “I night, alone at home crying, but I can do?” Mary is now working in coffee shops, daily, pay 20 euros (about 200 million), though, hope the economy improves , to bring her home, but within the foreseeable future. Mother’s weight loss 25 kg, exclaimed, “What can I do?” Orthodox priests youth centers operate Oscar Anthony (Antonios), said the past two months, in front of the Centre and found four children being abandoned, including, only a few days old newborn baby. He said that last year, parents apply for child care by the center were hundreds of cases, even a growing number of child abandonment situation altogether. SOS Children’s Village of the social worker said in the past, children in care have come from drugs, alcoholism and other problems of the family, but now, poor as the main reason for adoption of children abandoned by their parents. Greek officials admitted that since the economic crisis since the upsurge in family assistance, child abandonment event, probably will increase. Chinese steel mills or stirred Billiton “Financial Dream” (2012-01-11) For BHP Billiton, if there is no Chinese steel mills to join, is to build Singapore’s iron ore spot trading platform, will face the “ischemic” risk. Who had just returned from iron ore trader in Singapore said, many originally intended as a shareholder, to join the “Global iron ore spot trading platform” large domestic steel companies and iron ore trade, are trying to suspend or withdraw this plan. “It’s inside, including many domestic large steel mills and trading companies.” As the trading platform is an important part of this clear signal, do so with confidence BHP Billiton was “some riding a tiger.” Since last November, BHP Billiton has long been began in the country visited the major steel mills and trading companies, hoping to shareholders in the form of domestic enterprises can join this platform. According to statistics, the platform called Global iron ore spot trading platform, the global coal trading platform (globalCOAL) to build, the biggest sponsor, is one of the three mines, BHP Billiton. This platform is considered to be BHP Billiton iron ore in order to achieve financial wedded oriented attack. The platform constitutes a plan of shareholders, 40% for the steel, mining 40%, 20% of traders, operators will take the membership. “Shareholders to build, together with membership operations, which means – Chinese steel mills to join on this platform is of great significance.” CISA official told reporters, on the one hand, China is the world’s largest iron ore demand for the country On the other hand, China is the largest iron ore spot market, iron ore spot price index collection is done in China’s major ports. It goes without saying, BHP Billiton plans spot trading platform, the ability to achieve expected results, depend very much on the largest customer base of participation in the Chinese steel mills. At the recent China Steel Industry Association, 2012 Director (enlarged) meeting, the China Iron and Steel Industry Association, Shougang Chairman Zhu Jimin said BHP Billiton to build for the “Global iron ore spot trading platform”, the association has twice president of open meetings devoted to discussion, and Minmetals number of communication, we unified view, companies can look into, but do not easily join, otherwise, the industry will be more to be outside of the right to speak to master. A few words behind the large steel companies in China’s position on this matter has been revealed. In fact, from 2009 to cancel a long price to quarterly pricing agreement, then, evolved into a flexible pricing model, among the three mines, BHP Billiton is to promote the “financialization of iron ore,” the most radical one. Because, sits behind a number of financial capital, the iron ore turned into financial derivatives, the largest target. Since the model was abolished long after the price agreement, the iron ore price index-based quarterly and monthly pricing, as the three major steel mills and mines the main mode of cooperation. At present, international, there Platts index, TSI index of the three major iron ore and MB index index, BHP Billiton, driven by the Platts index to become certified reference standards. It is noteworthy that more than a year of operations, domestic institutions generally Platts index has been questioned, because the price is inquiry, collection of data sources were not disclosed. This will undoubtedly become the BHP Billiton iron ore spot trading platform to build the grounds. BHP Billiton publicly expressed the hope that the establishment of such a spot trading platform, to a certain stage of development, will form an index based on spot transactions of iron ore, and eventually the formation of iron ore has been internationally recognized index. An anonymous industry insiders, in fact, expect the BHP Billiton iron ore price formation Singapore into a center, then made the iron ore futures market. Singapore is a country with a high degree of openness of capital, while the financial center, the iron ore market, if turned into financial and speculative markets, is very unfavorable for the steel Industry. Joint metal ore, said analyst Zhang Jiabin, from the current situation, the establishment of a stock trading platform, through open and transparent transactions to generate the price, than the equivalent index inquiry, etc., become even more operational and equity, will be closer to the real market price level, this is the trend. “From the current situation, China’s steel industry to participate in the cash BHP Billiton platform, there is a big concern, and this shows that China has established a similar platform, there is a big possibility that this platform by the Chinese and Steel Association Association to establish their own power, or by other domestic enterprises to form, at present, unknown. “he said. Beijing international mining exchange, has been in the last year, plans to launch China’s iron ore spot trading platform, its operating mode and BHP Billiton to build Singapore’s “Global iron ore spot trading platform” similar.