奥巴马和十封信的故事, 时间:2012-01-06 ,来源: 国际先驱导报   

奥巴马和十封信的故事, 时间:2012-01-06 ,来源: 国际先驱导报   
奥巴马通常每周,都会选取5到15封民众来信简短地回复,偶尔,会开出支票或打个电话,来帮助某些人,解决一些问题。
  来自民众的信,有时使奥巴马觉得很无力,因为,其中反应的问题,如此现实、如此迫切而严重。
  每晚8点,一捆厚厚的黑色文件包,会被准时送达白宫,这是奥巴马总统的每天必读的“功课”,其中,有演讲草稿,政策建议书和日程安排表。但所有的文件中,奥巴马习惯首先开的,是一个粉红色的文件夹,上面写着“应您的要求,我们附上了10封写给您的信。”自上任后第二天起,奥巴马就坚持每天阅读来自美国民众的10封信。它们有的,写在皱巴巴的草稿纸上,有的字迹潦草,错字连篇,但对奥巴马而言,这是他和民众直接交流的重要渠道。
  “跟您说说我过去两年的生活吧”
  2008年,珍妮弗·克莱因把选票投给了奥巴马,如今,对于28岁的她而言,奥巴马似乎仍是和自己有许多相似点的普通人,就像是可能愿意听她讲心事的朋友——他有两个小女儿,她有两个小儿子;他养了一条狗,她也养了一条狗……
  2010年初的一天,克莱因走到咖啡桌边,从8岁的儿子布伦登买的笔记本上,撕了几页纸下来。“亲爱的总统先生”,克莱因这样写道,然后,跳过一行起头。
  “奥巴马先生,”她接着写,“我先跟您说说我自己,以及过去两年的生活吧。”
  从哪儿开始呢?2007年,克莱因怀孕了,住在她男友名下的一幢坐落于河边的房子里,那时,密歇根州的经济开始崩溃。那一年的五月份,她失去了药品技师的工作,在同一天,她的母亲也被解雇了。她男友的游泳池生意倒闭了,她的4张信用卡,累计欠了5万美元,还有两家公司起诉她。克莱因申请了破产。政府取消了赎回她男友房子的权利。她先是去投奔父母,后来,又与她的一个朋友住在一起,直到找到勉强负担得起的一件出租房,周围环境较差。
  而在这封信里,克莱因将所有的波折,简化成了一句话:“大约在五天之内,我失去了我的工作、我的保健福利金以及我的自我价值。”
  被解雇以后,克莱因每周,都申请一些工作,并且将她的失败记录下来,从而能够领取每月850美元的失业救助。家得宝公司最终提供了一个职位,但每小时7美元的工资,低于请人照看儿童的花费。之后,她设法获得了一份2600美元的佩尔助学金,并且,进入了一所社区大学的护理项目。但就业机会始终渺茫。
  在信中,她这样写到:“总统先生,在密歇根州,找工作十分艰难。”
  2008年,克莱因开始注意到,她皮肤上的疹子,但是,她不愿去看医生,因为,自己已经不再拥有医疗保险。她认为,可能只是压力过大,但疹子却一直扩散。于是,她申请医疗救助,但一再被拒绝。直到她第四次去申请,她在办公室,将自己的衬衫往上拉,露出她胸部和背部许多深红色的条痕。几天后,她得到了医疗救助。
  她将检验的结果,告诉了奥巴马:“那时,我被同时诊断出了淋巴瘤与黑色素瘤,以及基底细胞皮肤癌。”
  克莱因发现,她信中的内容,开始变得令人沮丧,而这并不是自己想要的。她想告诉奥巴马,她和她的男友,最终在11月结婚,并且,举办了宴会;儿子布伦登将每周3美元的零用钱存了起来,然后,为婚礼贡献了95美元;在辐射、两轮化疗和一些整形手术之后,医生们相信,她将战胜癌症。她丈夫找到了在航空公司值夜班的工作,每小时14美元。
  于是,在信中,她这样写道:“在几年之内,我们的处境,将会变得很好。”
  克莱因在10分钟之内,就写了3页。这封信,更像是一篇日记,而非正式的信件。她从未想过任何人会看这封信。她像看待她的自传一样,看待这封信:读者并不重要——分享这件事本身,就是净化心灵的。她在结尾写道:“希望您在看这封信时,非常健康快乐。”
信件经过层层筛选,送达白宫
  从密歇根州门罗市来的信封,抵达了华盛顿,经过了化学物质和放射性物质的探测。然后,它与其他1000封写给奥巴马的信一起,被放进了一个20磅的白箱子里,送往白宫附近一座办公楼的前厅,经过金属探测器扫描和安保人员的检查,然后,被放进通往9楼地电梯里。一到那里,它就被堆放在其他五个类似的箱子旁边。这些箱子上,都贴着“白宫信件”的标签。
  这就是公众与总统之间的过滤器:一座普通办公楼里的一层。出于安全起见,其地点是保密的。想要打电话给总统?电话铃将在这里响起。想要发电子邮件给总统?消息会送到这里的一台电脑上。想要送一份礼物给总统?它可能会被暂时储放在休息室旁边的一个壁橱里。
  这天早晨,24岁的尼科尔·斯蒂克尔拿着一堆信走到桌前。她的工作,是每天阅读200至350封信。并被要求不要将工作细节泄露给其他人,因为,这些信息是私人的,本来只能总统看。
  斯蒂克尔读完信后,会对它们进行分类,她将这些信件,放入大约70个主题文件夹里——这是一个不断变化的分类清单,提供了关于国家当务之急的晴雨表。去年2月份,大约一半的信件,关注医疗改革,去年11月份,大约一半的信件,关注阿富汗战争。6%到10%的信件,是奥巴马的崇拜者给他写的,表示了对他的支持。其他常规的种类,包括全球变暖、信仰与政治、油价、死刑、达尔富尔、禽流感、伊朗、就业、单亲家庭等等。
  斯蒂克尔在阅读信件的时候,会寻找那些有代表性、与新闻相关的。她挑出其中最好的3到5封,在顶端写上“样本”,这就制定了能够被送给总统的信件。她说:“那些是令你印象深刻的信件。”
  过午不久,几百封“样本”信件,就到了通信主管迈克·凯莱赫的办公室。他将它们放在桌上,挑出其中十封,送给奥巴马。他告诉助手,总统并不一定要最好的、最长的,或者是最鼓舞人心的信件。他想要具有代表性的样本:赞赏性的和批评性的信件、文雅的和仓促而就的信件。所以,凯莱赫的习惯,在于研究信件的每日组成状况——例如,60%关于医保改革,30%关于工作,10%关于伊拉克——然后,在挑选每日的10封信时,反映出这种组合。
奥巴马习惯简洁的回应
  这一天,凯莱赫从桌子上拿起一封来自密歇根州门罗市的信——对,没错,这就是珍妮弗·克莱因的信。在凯莱赫看来,它比通常的信件要长一点,它谈论的,是当下最热的话题,如,失业和医疗保障。它反映了这个国家的问题,及其承诺——正是凯莱赫认为总统先生会欣赏的故事。他把它和其他9封信一起,放进文件夹里,被送到了白宫。
  奥巴马如往日一样,阅读了文件夹里的十封信,并回复了其中几封。助手说,总统通常一周回5到15封信,而且,他更倾向于回复明智的批评、军队老兵以及仍能保持乐观的美国穷人。他喜欢“鼓舞人心”的信件,并且,偏爱提供“能将他带往华盛顿之外其他地方”的信件。
  在奥巴马读完克莱因的信之后,他拿出白宫便笺——明信片大小的厚白纸,顶部印有凸起的总统印章。他这样开始写道:“珍妮弗,”
  奥巴马习惯简洁的回应:一句话,表达对这封信的感谢,另外一,两句话,表达鼓励而非建议。他给克莱因写道:“感谢您非常友好和鼓舞人心的信。我知道情势艰难,但有您和您丈夫这样的民众,我坚信事情将会变地好起来的!”最后,奥巴马在右下角,签上了自己的名字,然后,他将继续读下一封信。
  几天后,一个寒冷工作日,珍妮弗·克莱因走到自家门廊,最近一次化疗,使她感觉恶心想吐。在信箱里,是一个大的黄色信封,标记着来自白宫。克莱因立即想:我怎么遇到这么多的麻烦,以致于现在总统都卷进来了?
  她打开信封,发现两张用胶带连接起来的卡片纸。卡片纸之间,作为保护的是另外一个信封,小得多,里面是装饰有总统印章的便笺。克莱因想起了三周前她写给奥巴马的信,她的手,开始抖了起来。她将便笺带进厨房里,在灯下拿着它:草写体、一个语法错误,还有小的黑墨水污点。
  这是真的吗?她这样想。
  她开始笑起来,然后,欣喜地尖叫。
民众来信,会让奥巴马深感无力
  阅读普通美国人的来信,并非是新鲜事。几十年来,美国多位总统,不管是民主党人,还是共和党人,都读信,并且回复写信人。
  比如,美国首位总统,乔治·华盛顿每天,收到大约5封信,自己阅读并回复。在18世纪晚期,第25任总统威廉·麦金莱,雇用了一名助手,来处理每天蜂拥而至的100封信。
  “写信给白宫”,随着19世纪30年代大萧条中,富兰克林·D. 罗斯福的炉边谈话,而进入井喷阶段,当时,他鼓励听众“告诉我你们的困难”。在广播之后的一周时间里,他收到了45万封信。
1998年,比尔·克林顿总统收到了226万封信,和一百多万封邮件。
  尽管奥巴马并非第一个会亲自读民众来信的美国总统,但他确是“第一个把读信变成日常习惯的美国总统”。负责报道白宫的记者萨洛告诉路透社:“奥巴马仍与普通美国民众,保持密切联系的方式,就是通过许多的10封信,这是他与人民生活真正进行互动的机会。”
  萨洛说,奥巴马告诉他,“来自民众的信,有时使他觉得很无力,因为,其中反应的问题如此现实、如此迫切而严重,使得他有时认为,他也无能为力。”总统先生也承认,在一些情形之下,他会开张支票或者打个电话,来解决某些人的问题,因为,他觉得,这是他唯一能够做的事情。(本篇报道,得益于美国《 华盛顿邮报》白宫新闻记者伊莱·萨洛艾丽·萨斯洛,在2011年出版的新书,她详细讲述了奥巴马和十封信的故事。)
今年49岁的布洛吉特,过去18年来,将Bare Escentuals,从一个新办企业,培育成全球化妆品帝国。她在2010年3月,以17亿美元的价格,将Bare Escentuals出售给资生堂,她继续在全世界专卖店推销产品,不断上网同顾客交谈。几十名粉丝,每天都上布洛吉特的脸谱(Facebook)网页,坦诚自己个人生活中的细节,并对她不上瘾的化妆发表意见。她只是希望自己19岁的儿子特仑特,同她频繁接触,就像同她丈夫凯斯(Keith)那样,融洽相处。1995年,38岁的凯斯,辞去制作电视广告工作,照料特仑特,也让布洛吉特全身心投入自己的生意。她很成功,但她也嫉妒丈夫和儿子的关系。正在大学上二年级的特仑特,每天都给爸爸发短信,但经常一个星期,还不给她发一次。
卡莉·费奥利纳成为惠普(Hewlett-Packard)首任女执行长的时候,她丈夫弗兰克·费奥利纳提前从AT&T退休支持她的事业,曾经造成小小的轰动。现在,这种安排不再是不寻常。
《财富》500家大公司中,18名女性执行长,其中,7名女主管,都有某个时期待在家里的丈夫。几十家较小公司的女执行长或者担任其它高级主管的妇女,也有类似情况。包括IBM新执行长罗密提(Ginni Rometty),有些人的配偶,放弃事业,成为妻子的“贤内助”。

2012年1月5日,在华盛顿五角大楼,美国参谋长联席会议主席邓普西和美国国防部长帕内塔共同出席记者会并回答记者提问。
奥巴马推出新军事战略将重心转向亚太, 时间:2012-01-05
2012年1月5日,在华盛顿五角大楼,总统奥巴马与国防部长帕内塔和参谋长联席会议主席邓普西,及军方官员一道出席记者会。
三年前,U.S.在伊拉克和阿富汗驻扎有18万军队。

Obama and the 10 letters of the story, time :2012 -01-06, source: International Herald Tribune

Obama usually weekly, will select 5-15 people in a brief letter of reply, occasionally, bears flowers of a check or make a phone call, to help some people, to solve some problems.

Letter from the people, and sometimes make Obama feel very weak, because the response to the question of which, so real, so urgent and serious.

8 o’clock every night, a bunch of thick black paper bag, the White House will be delivered on time, this is President Obama’s daily reading of the “homework”, which, with speech draft policy proposal and schedule table . But all the documents, Obama used the first open, is a pink folder that says “your request, we attached a 10 letter addressed to you.” Since starting the day after taking office Obama on every day to read 10 letters from the American public. Some of them, written on the crumpled scrap paper, and some illegible handwriting, typo talk, but for Obama, this is his and the public the importance of direct communication channels.

“Tell you that I live right over the past two years.”

In 2008, Jane Nifukelai due to vote for Obama, today, for the 28-year-old, she is concerned, Obama still seems to be, and they have many similarities to ordinary people, like may be willing to listen her mind about a friend – he has two young daughters, she had two small sons; he raised a dog, she also raised the dog … …

One day in early 2010, Klein went to coffee table, from the 8-year-old son, Brendan bought a notebook, tore a few pages down. “Dear Mr. President,” Klein wrote, and then skip a line beginning.

“Mr. Obama,” she went on to write, “I will tell you that I own, and the last two years of living it.”

Where to start? In 2007, Klein was pregnant, her boyfriend lives in the name of a house located on the river, then, Michigan’s economy began to collapse. May that year, she lost the pharmaceutical technician working on the same day, her mother also was fired. Her boyfriend’s swimming pool business failures, and her four credit cards, owe a total of $ 50,000, there are two companies sued her. Klein filed for bankruptcy. Government to abolish the right to redeem her boyfriend house. She was first to go over their parents, and later, and with one of her friends live together, until you find a barely affordable rental housing, the environment is poor.

In this letter, Klein all the twists and turns, reduced to a sentence: “About five days, I lost my job, my health benefits and my self-worth.”

After the dismissal, Klein week, have applied some of the work, and the failure of her record, which can receive unemployment assistance of $ 850 per month. Home Depot offers a job eventually, but the wage of $ 7 per hour, less than the cost of childcare please people. After that, she managed to get a $ 2,600 Pell grants, and, into a community college nursing programs. However, job opportunities still slim.

In the letter, she writes: “Mr. President, in Michigan, looking for a job very difficult.”

In 2008, Klein began to notice, her skin rash, but she do not want to see a doctor, because he no longer has health insurance. In her view, may be just too much pressure, but the rash has been spreading. So, she applied for medical assistance, but has repeatedly denied. To apply until her fourth, she was in the office, will pull up his shirt, exposing her chest and back a number of dark red streaks. A few days later, she received medical assistance.

She will test results, told Obama: “At that time, I was also diagnosed with lymphoma and melanoma, and basal cell skin cancer.”

Klein found that the contents of her letter, became frustrating, but this is not what you want. She wanted to tell Obama that she and her boyfriend eventually married in November, and organized a banquet; son Brendan will be $ 3 a week pocket money saved up, and then contributed $ 95 for the wedding; radiation, chemotherapy, and some plastic surgery after two doctors were confident that she will beat cancer. Her husband found work in the airline the night shift, $ 14 per hour.

Thus, in the letter, she wrote: “Within a few years, the situation will become very good.”

Klein in 10 minutes, wrote three. This letter is more like a diary, and informal letters. She never thought anyone would read this letter. She look like the same as her autobiography, think of this letter: the reader is not important – share this in itself is purifying the mind. In the end she wrote: “I hope you see this letter, very healthy and happy.”

Letter carefully selected, served the White House

From Monroe City, Michigan to the envelope, arrived in Washington, after chemicals and radioactive materials detection. Then, with the other 1000 with a letter addressed to Obama, were put into a 20-pound white box, rushed to the lobby of an office building near the White House, through the metal detector scan and inspection of security personnel, Then the floor was put to the elevator leading to 9. Once there, it was stacked in the next five other similar boxes. These boxes, are close to the “White House Letter” label.

This is between the public and the President of the filter: a general office building in the layer. For security reasons, its location is confidential. Want to call the President? When the phone rang in here. Want to send an email to the President? Here the message will be sent to a computer. Want to send a gift to the President? It may be temporarily stored on the lounge next to a closet.

This morning, 24-year-old Nicole Stephen Kerr holding a bunch of letters went to the table. Her work is read from 200 to 350 letters a day. And were asked not to divulge details of the work to others, because this information is private, only the President would have to see.

Stephen Kerr read the letter, they will classify these letters she placed about 70 theme folder – this is a constantly changing list of categories, providing a barometer of national priority. Last February, about half of the letters, concerned about health care reform, last November, about half of the letters concern the war in Afghanistan. 6% to 10% of the letters Obama wrote to his admirer, expressed support for him. Other conventional types, including global warming, religion and politics, oil prices, the death penalty, Darfur, avian flu, Iran, employment, single parent families and so on.

Stephen Kerr, when reading the letter, will look for a representative, and news related. She singled out one of the best 3-5 in the top write “sample”, which established the President’s letter can be sent. She said: “Those who are so impressed with your letter.”

Shortly after noon, several hundred letters “sample” letters, the communications director 迈克凯莱赫 on to the office. He put them on the table, pick one of ten, gave Obama. He told aides, the president is not necessarily the best, longest or the most inspiring letters. He wanted a representative sample: and critical appreciation of the letters, elegant and rushed to the letter. Therefore, Kelleher habits, is to study the composition of letters daily situation – for example, 60% on health care reform, 30% of the work, 10% of Iraq – and then, in the selection of the 10 day letter, reflecting the out of this combination.

Obama used to respond to simple

On this day, Kelleher picked up off the table a letter from the City of Monroe, Mich., letter – yes, yes, this is due to Jane Nifukelai letter. In Kelleher, it looks longer than the usual letter that it is talking about is the hottest current topics, such as unemployment and medical insurance. It reflects the country’s problems, and their commitment – that the President is Mr. Kelleher will appreciate the story. He put it together with other 9 letter, into the folder, was sent to the White House.

Obama as the former, as reading a folder of 10 letters, and replies to them several letters. Aides say the president is usually one week back 5 to 15 letters, and he more inclined to reply sensible criticism, military veterans, and remain optimistic about America’s poor. He likes to “encouraging” the letter, and, prefer to provide “able to take him to Washington than elsewhere,” the letter.

Obama read Klein’s letter, he took the White House memo – postcard size, thick white paper, printed with the top raised presidential seal. He began to write this: “Jennifer,”

Obama used simple response: a word to express the thanks of this letter, the other one or two words to express to encourage rather than proposals. He gave Klein wrote: “Thank you for your very kind and encouraging letter, and I know the situation difficult, but you and your husband like people, I firmly believe that things will be changed to get better!” Finally, Obama horses in the lower right corner, signed his name, and then he will continue reading the next letter.

A few days later, a cold day, Jane Nifukelai walked from the porch because the most recent chemotherapy, made her feel nausea and vomiting. In the mailbox, is a large yellow envelope, marked with from the White House. Klein immediately think: how do I encountered so much trouble, so that now the President are the volume came in?

She opened the envelope and found two connected cards with paper tape. Between card stock, as protection is another envelope, much smaller, which is decorated with the seal of the President notes. Klein thought of Obama three weeks ago she wrote a letter, her hand began to shake again. She notes into the kitchen, holding it in the light: cursive body, a syntax error, there is a small black ink stain.

This is true? She think so.

She began to laugh, and then, delighted to scream.

Public letter, Obama will feel unable to

Read a letter from ordinary Americans, not a novelty. For decades, many U.S. president, whether Democrat or Republican, have read the letter and the response writer.

For example, America’s first president, George Washington, every day, received about 5 letters, they read and reply. In the late 18th century, 25th president 威廉麦金莱, hired an assistant to handle the influx of 100 letters a day.

“Wrote to the White House”, with the 1830s Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt’s fireside chats, and into the blowout phase, then urging the audience to “tell me your problems.” In the week after the broadcast, he received 450,000 letters.
In 1998, President Bill Clinton received 2.26 million letters, and more than 100 million messages.

Although Obama is not the first one will personally read the letter public U.S. president, but he really is a “first read the letter into the daily habits of the U.S. president.” Salo is responsible for reporting the White House correspondent, told Reuters: “Obama is still with the ordinary American people, to maintain close contact way is by many of the 10 letters, this is his real life with people the opportunity to interact.”

Salo said Obama told him, “the letter from the people, and sometimes made him feel very weak, because the response of this reality which, so urgent and serious, so he sometimes believes that he can not do anything.” Mr. President also acknowledged that in some circumstances, he will open a check or make a phone call to solve some problems, because he felt that this is the only thing he can do. (Benpian reported, thanks to the U.S. “Washington Post” White House press correspondents 伊莱萨洛艾 Lisa Slocum, a new book published in 2011, she describes in detail the story of Barack Obama and 10 letters. )

Blodget, 49, in the past 18 years, the Bare Escentuals, from a newly established enterprises, developed into a global cosmetics empire. Her in March 2010, for $ 1.7 billion, will be sold to Shiseido Bare Escentuals, she continued to promote their products in stores all over the world, continue to talk with customers online. Dozens of fans every day on Mr. Blodget’s Facebook (Facebook) pages, frank details of his personal life, and she was not addicted to make-up views. She just wants his 19-year-old son Te Lunte, frequent contact with her, just as with her husband Keith (Keith), as harmony. In 1995, the 38-year-old Keith, resigned from the production of television advertising work, take care of Te Lunte, let Blodget threw himself into his own business. She was very successful, but also jealous of her husband and son relationship. Is the second year of the Te Lunte University, gave dad send text messages every day, but often a week do not give her hair once.

Zilina as Hewlett-Packard Carly Fiorina (Hewlett-Packard) first female chief executive, her husband, Frank Feiao Li Cincinnati before retiring from AT & T to support her cause, has caused a small sensation. Now, this arrangement is no longer unusual.
“Fortune” 500 largest companies, 18 female chief executive, of which seven female executive, has a husband at home when expected. Dozens of smaller companies as a female CEO or other senior executive women, has a similar situation. Including IBM’s new chief executive Romy mentioned (Ginni Rometty), some spouses, give up the cause, as his wife’s “good wife.”

January 5, 2012, in Washington, the Pentagon, the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Dempsey and U.S. Defense Secretary Panetta attended the press conference and answered questions from reporters.
Obama’s new military strategy will shift to the Asia-Pacific, time :2012 -01-05
January 5, 2012, the Pentagon in Washington, President Barack Obama and Secretary of Defense and Joint Chiefs Chairman Dempsey Panetta, and military officials to attend the press conference.
Three years ago, US troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, there are 18 thousand troops.

《奥巴马和十封信的故事, 时间:2012-01-06 ,来源: 国际先驱导报   》有一个想法

  1. 奥巴马和十封信的故事, 时间:2012-01-06 ,来源: 国际先驱导报   
    奥巴马通常每周,都会选取5到15封民众来信简短地回复,偶尔,会开出支票或打个电话,来帮助某些人,解决一些问题。
      来自民众的信,有时使奥巴马觉得很无力,因为,其中反应的问题,如此现实、如此迫切而严重。
      每晚8点,一捆厚厚的黑色文件包,会被准时送达白宫,这是奥巴马总统的每天必读的“功课”,其中,有演讲草稿,政策建议书和日程安排表。但所有的文件中,奥巴马习惯首先开的,是一个粉红色的文件夹,上面写着“应您的要求,我们附上了10封写给您的信。”自上任后第二天起,奥巴马就坚持每天阅读来自美国民众的10封信。它们有的,写在皱巴巴的草稿纸上,有的字迹潦草,错字连篇,但对奥巴马而言,这是他和民众直接交流的重要渠道。
      “跟您说说我过去两年的生活吧”
      2008年,珍妮弗·克莱因把选票投给了奥巴马,如今,对于28岁的她而言,奥巴马似乎仍是和自己有许多相似点的普通人,就像是可能愿意听她讲心事的朋友——他有两个小女儿,她有两个小儿子;他养了一条狗,她也养了一条狗……
      2010年初的一天,克莱因走到咖啡桌边,从8岁的儿子布伦登买的笔记本上,撕了几页纸下来。“亲爱的总统先生”,克莱因这样写道,然后,跳过一行起头。
      “奥巴马先生,”她接着写,“我先跟您说说我自己,以及过去两年的生活吧。”
      从哪儿开始呢?2007年,克莱因怀孕了,住在她男友名下的一幢坐落于河边的房子里,那时,密歇根州的经济开始崩溃。那一年的五月份,她失去了药品技师的工作,在同一天,她的母亲也被解雇了。她男友的游泳池生意倒闭了,她的4张信用卡,累计欠了5万美元,还有两家公司起诉她。克莱因申请了破产。政府取消了赎回她男友房子的权利。她先是去投奔父母,后来,又与她的一个朋友住在一起,直到找到勉强负担得起的一件出租房,周围环境较差。
      而在这封信里,克莱因将所有的波折,简化成了一句话:“大约在五天之内,我失去了我的工作、我的保健福利金以及我的自我价值。”
      被解雇以后,克莱因每周,都申请一些工作,并且将她的失败记录下来,从而能够领取每月850美元的失业救助。家得宝公司最终提供了一个职位,但每小时7美元的工资,低于请人照看儿童的花费。之后,她设法获得了一份2600美元的佩尔助学金,并且,进入了一所社区大学的护理项目。但就业机会始终渺茫。
      在信中,她这样写到:“总统先生,在密歇根州,找工作十分艰难。”
      2008年,克莱因开始注意到,她皮肤上的疹子,但是,她不愿去看医生,因为,自己已经不再拥有医疗保险。她认为,可能只是压力过大,但疹子却一直扩散。于是,她申请医疗救助,但一再被拒绝。直到她第四次去申请,她在办公室,将自己的衬衫往上拉,露出她胸部和背部许多深红色的条痕。几天后,她得到了医疗救助。
      她将检验的结果,告诉了奥巴马:“那时,我被同时诊断出了淋巴瘤与黑色素瘤,以及基底细胞皮肤癌。”
      克莱因发现,她信中的内容,开始变得令人沮丧,而这并不是自己想要的。她想告诉奥巴马,她和她的男友,最终在11月结婚,并且,举办了宴会;儿子布伦登将每周3美元的零用钱存了起来,然后,为婚礼贡献了95美元;在辐射、两轮化疗和一些整形手术之后,医生们相信,她将战胜癌症。她丈夫找到了在航空公司值夜班的工作,每小时14美元。
      于是,在信中,她这样写道:“在几年之内,我们的处境,将会变得很好。”
      克莱因在10分钟之内,就写了3页。这封信,更像是一篇日记,而非正式的信件。她从未想过任何人会看这封信。她像看待她的自传一样,看待这封信:读者并不重要——分享这件事本身,就是净化心灵的。她在结尾写道:“希望您在看这封信时,非常健康快乐。”
    信件经过层层筛选,送达白宫
      从密歇根州门罗市来的信封,抵达了华盛顿,经过了化学物质和放射性物质的探测。然后,它与其他1000封写给奥巴马的信一起,被放进了一个20磅的白箱子里,送往白宫附近一座办公楼的前厅,经过金属探测器扫描和安保人员的检查,然后,被放进通往9楼地电梯里。一到那里,它就被堆放在其他五个类似的箱子旁边。这些箱子上,都贴着“白宫信件”的标签。
      这就是公众与总统之间的过滤器:一座普通办公楼里的一层。出于安全起见,其地点是保密的。想要打电话给总统?电话铃将在这里响起。想要发电子邮件给总统?消息会送到这里的一台电脑上。想要送一份礼物给总统?它可能会被暂时储放在休息室旁边的一个壁橱里。
      这天早晨,24岁的尼科尔·斯蒂克尔拿着一堆信走到桌前。她的工作,是每天阅读200至350封信。并被要求不要将工作细节泄露给其他人,因为,这些信息是私人的,本来只能总统看。
      斯蒂克尔读完信后,会对它们进行分类,她将这些信件,放入大约70个主题文件夹里——这是一个不断变化的分类清单,提供了关于国家当务之急的晴雨表。去年2月份,大约一半的信件,关注医疗改革,去年11月份,大约一半的信件,关注阿富汗战争。6%到10%的信件,是奥巴马的崇拜者给他写的,表示了对他的支持。其他常规的种类,包括全球变暖、信仰与政治、油价、死刑、达尔富尔、禽流感、伊朗、就业、单亲家庭等等。
      斯蒂克尔在阅读信件的时候,会寻找那些有代表性、与新闻相关的。她挑出其中最好的3到5封,在顶端写上“样本”,这就制定了能够被送给总统的信件。她说:“那些是令你印象深刻的信件。”
      过午不久,几百封“样本”信件,就到了通信主管迈克·凯莱赫的办公室。他将它们放在桌上,挑出其中十封,送给奥巴马。他告诉助手,总统并不一定要最好的、最长的,或者是最鼓舞人心的信件。他想要具有代表性的样本:赞赏性的和批评性的信件、文雅的和仓促而就的信件。所以,凯莱赫的习惯,在于研究信件的每日组成状况——例如,60%关于医保改革,30%关于工作,10%关于伊拉克——然后,在挑选每日的10封信时,反映出这种组合。
    奥巴马习惯简洁的回应
      这一天,凯莱赫从桌子上拿起一封来自密歇根州门罗市的信——对,没错,这就是珍妮弗·克莱因的信。在凯莱赫看来,它比通常的信件要长一点,它谈论的,是当下最热的话题,如,失业和医疗保障。它反映了这个国家的问题,及其承诺——正是凯莱赫认为总统先生会欣赏的故事。他把它和其他9封信一起,放进文件夹里,被送到了白宫。
      奥巴马如往日一样,阅读了文件夹里的十封信,并回复了其中几封。助手说,总统通常一周回5到15封信,而且,他更倾向于回复明智的批评、军队老兵以及仍能保持乐观的美国穷人。他喜欢“鼓舞人心”的信件,并且,偏爱提供“能将他带往华盛顿之外其他地方”的信件。
      在奥巴马读完克莱因的信之后,他拿出白宫便笺——明信片大小的厚白纸,顶部印有凸起的总统印章。他这样开始写道:“珍妮弗,”
      奥巴马习惯简洁的回应:一句话,表达对这封信的感谢,另外一,两句话,表达鼓励而非建议。他给克莱因写道:“感谢您非常友好和鼓舞人心的信。我知道情势艰难,但有您和您丈夫这样的民众,我坚信事情将会变地好起来的!”最后,奥巴马在右下角,签上了自己的名字,然后,他将继续读下一封信。
      几天后,一个寒冷工作日,珍妮弗·克莱因走到自家门廊,最近一次化疗,使她感觉恶心想吐。在信箱里,是一个大的黄色信封,标记着来自白宫。克莱因立即想:我怎么遇到这么多的麻烦,以致于现在总统都卷进来了?
      她打开信封,发现两张用胶带连接起来的卡片纸。卡片纸之间,作为保护的是另外一个信封,小得多,里面是装饰有总统印章的便笺。克莱因想起了三周前她写给奥巴马的信,她的手,开始抖了起来。她将便笺带进厨房里,在灯下拿着它:草写体、一个语法错误,还有小的黑墨水污点。
      这是真的吗?她这样想。
      她开始笑起来,然后,欣喜地尖叫。
    民众来信,会让奥巴马深感无力
      阅读普通美国人的来信,并非是新鲜事。几十年来,美国多位总统,不管是民主党人,还是共和党人,都读信,并且回复写信人。
      比如,美国首位总统,乔治·华盛顿每天,收到大约5封信,自己阅读并回复。在18世纪晚期,第25任总统威廉·麦金莱,雇用了一名助手,来处理每天蜂拥而至的100封信。
      “写信给白宫”,随着19世纪30年代大萧条中,富兰克林·D. 罗斯福的炉边谈话,而进入井喷阶段,当时,他鼓励听众“告诉我你们的困难”。在广播之后的一周时间里,他收到了45万封信。
    1998年,比尔·克林顿总统收到了226万封信,和一百多万封邮件。
      尽管奥巴马并非第一个会亲自读民众来信的美国总统,但他确是“第一个把读信变成日常习惯的美国总统”。负责报道白宫的记者萨洛告诉路透社:“奥巴马仍与普通美国民众,保持密切联系的方式,就是通过许多的10封信,这是他与人民生活真正进行互动的机会。”
      萨洛说,奥巴马告诉他,“来自民众的信,有时使他觉得很无力,因为,其中反应的问题如此现实、如此迫切而严重,使得他有时认为,他也无能为力。”总统先生也承认,在一些情形之下,他会开张支票或者打个电话,来解决某些人的问题,因为,他觉得,这是他唯一能够做的事情。(本篇报道,得益于美国《 华盛顿邮报》白宫新闻记者伊莱·萨洛艾丽·萨斯洛,在2011年出版的新书,她详细讲述了奥巴马和十封信的故事。)
    今年49岁的布洛吉特,过去18年来,将Bare Escentuals,从一个新办企业,培育成全球化妆品帝国。她在2010年3月,以17亿美元的价格,将Bare Escentuals出售给资生堂,她继续在全世界专卖店推销产品,不断上网同顾客交谈。几十名粉丝,每天都上布洛吉特的脸谱(Facebook)网页,坦诚自己个人生活中的细节,并对她不上瘾的化妆发表意见。她只是希望自己19岁的儿子特仑特,同她频繁接触,就像同她丈夫凯斯(Keith)那样,融洽相处。1995年,38岁的凯斯,辞去制作电视广告工作,照料特仑特,也让布洛吉特全身心投入自己的生意。她很成功,但她也嫉妒丈夫和儿子的关系。正在大学上二年级的特仑特,每天都给爸爸发短信,但经常一个星期,还不给她发一次。
    卡莉·费奥利纳成为惠普(Hewlett-Packard)首任女执行长的时候,她丈夫弗兰克·费奥利纳提前从AT&T退休支持她的事业,曾经造成小小的轰动。现在,这种安排不再是不寻常。
    《财富》500家大公司中,18名女性执行长,其中,7名女主管,都有某个时期待在家里的丈夫。几十家较小公司的女执行长或者担任其它高级主管的妇女,也有类似情况。包括IBM新执行长罗密提(Ginni Rometty),有些人的配偶,放弃事业,成为妻子的“贤内助”。

    2012年1月5日,在华盛顿五角大楼,美国参谋长联席会议主席邓普西和美国国防部长帕内塔共同出席记者会并回答记者提问。
    奥巴马推出新军事战略将重心转向亚太, 时间:2012-01-05
    2012年1月5日,在华盛顿五角大楼,总统奥巴马与国防部长帕内塔和参谋长联席会议主席邓普西,及军方官员一道出席记者会。
    三年前,U.S.在伊拉克和阿富汗驻扎有18万军队。

    Obama and the 10 letters of the story, time :2012 -01-06, source: International Herald Tribune

    Obama usually weekly, will select 5-15 people in a brief letter of reply, occasionally, bears flowers of a check or make a phone call, to help some people, to solve some problems.

    Letter from the people, and sometimes make Obama feel very weak, because the response to the question of which, so real, so urgent and serious.

    8 o’clock every night, a bunch of thick black paper bag, the White House will be delivered on time, this is President Obama’s daily reading of the “homework”, which, with speech draft policy proposal and schedule table . But all the documents, Obama used the first open, is a pink folder that says “your request, we attached a 10 letter addressed to you.” Since starting the day after taking office Obama on every day to read 10 letters from the American public. Some of them, written on the crumpled scrap paper, and some illegible handwriting, typo talk, but for Obama, this is his and the public the importance of direct communication channels.

    “Tell you that I live right over the past two years.”

    In 2008, Jane Nifukelai due to vote for Obama, today, for the 28-year-old, she is concerned, Obama still seems to be, and they have many similarities to ordinary people, like may be willing to listen her mind about a friend – he has two young daughters, she had two small sons; he raised a dog, she also raised the dog … …

    One day in early 2010, Klein went to coffee table, from the 8-year-old son, Brendan bought a notebook, tore a few pages down. “Dear Mr. President,” Klein wrote, and then skip a line beginning.

    “Mr. Obama,” she went on to write, “I will tell you that I own, and the last two years of living it.”

    Where to start? In 2007, Klein was pregnant, her boyfriend lives in the name of a house located on the river, then, Michigan’s economy began to collapse. May that year, she lost the pharmaceutical technician working on the same day, her mother also was fired. Her boyfriend’s swimming pool business failures, and her four credit cards, owe a total of $ 50,000, there are two companies sued her. Klein filed for bankruptcy. Government to abolish the right to redeem her boyfriend house. She was first to go over their parents, and later, and with one of her friends live together, until you find a barely affordable rental housing, the environment is poor.

    In this letter, Klein all the twists and turns, reduced to a sentence: “About five days, I lost my job, my health benefits and my self-worth.”

    After the dismissal, Klein week, have applied some of the work, and the failure of her record, which can receive unemployment assistance of $ 850 per month. Home Depot offers a job eventually, but the wage of $ 7 per hour, less than the cost of childcare please people. After that, she managed to get a $ 2,600 Pell grants, and, into a community college nursing programs. However, job opportunities still slim.

    In the letter, she writes: “Mr. President, in Michigan, looking for a job very difficult.”

    In 2008, Klein began to notice, her skin rash, but she do not want to see a doctor, because he no longer has health insurance. In her view, may be just too much pressure, but the rash has been spreading. So, she applied for medical assistance, but has repeatedly denied. To apply until her fourth, she was in the office, will pull up his shirt, exposing her chest and back a number of dark red streaks. A few days later, she received medical assistance.

    She will test results, told Obama: “At that time, I was also diagnosed with lymphoma and melanoma, and basal cell skin cancer.”

    Klein found that the contents of her letter, became frustrating, but this is not what you want. She wanted to tell Obama that she and her boyfriend eventually married in November, and organized a banquet; son Brendan will be $ 3 a week pocket money saved up, and then contributed $ 95 for the wedding; radiation, chemotherapy, and some plastic surgery after two doctors were confident that she will beat cancer. Her husband found work in the airline the night shift, $ 14 per hour.

    Thus, in the letter, she wrote: “Within a few years, the situation will become very good.”

    Klein in 10 minutes, wrote three. This letter is more like a diary, and informal letters. She never thought anyone would read this letter. She look like the same as her autobiography, think of this letter: the reader is not important – share this in itself is purifying the mind. In the end she wrote: “I hope you see this letter, very healthy and happy.”

    Letter carefully selected, served the White House

    From Monroe City, Michigan to the envelope, arrived in Washington, after chemicals and radioactive materials detection. Then, with the other 1000 with a letter addressed to Obama, were put into a 20-pound white box, rushed to the lobby of an office building near the White House, through the metal detector scan and inspection of security personnel, Then the floor was put to the elevator leading to 9. Once there, it was stacked in the next five other similar boxes. These boxes, are close to the “White House Letter” label.

    This is between the public and the President of the filter: a general office building in the layer. For security reasons, its location is confidential. Want to call the President? When the phone rang in here. Want to send an email to the President? Here the message will be sent to a computer. Want to send a gift to the President? It may be temporarily stored on the lounge next to a closet.

    This morning, 24-year-old Nicole Stephen Kerr holding a bunch of letters went to the table. Her work is read from 200 to 350 letters a day. And were asked not to divulge details of the work to others, because this information is private, only the President would have to see.

    Stephen Kerr read the letter, they will classify these letters she placed about 70 theme folder – this is a constantly changing list of categories, providing a barometer of national priority. Last February, about half of the letters, concerned about health care reform, last November, about half of the letters concern the war in Afghanistan. 6% to 10% of the letters Obama wrote to his admirer, expressed support for him. Other conventional types, including global warming, religion and politics, oil prices, the death penalty, Darfur, avian flu, Iran, employment, single parent families and so on.

    Stephen Kerr, when reading the letter, will look for a representative, and news related. She singled out one of the best 3-5 in the top write “sample”, which established the President’s letter can be sent. She said: “Those who are so impressed with your letter.”

    Shortly after noon, several hundred letters “sample” letters, the communications director 迈克凯莱赫 on to the office. He put them on the table, pick one of ten, gave Obama. He told aides, the president is not necessarily the best, longest or the most inspiring letters. He wanted a representative sample: and critical appreciation of the letters, elegant and rushed to the letter. Therefore, Kelleher habits, is to study the composition of letters daily situation – for example, 60% on health care reform, 30% of the work, 10% of Iraq – and then, in the selection of the 10 day letter, reflecting the out of this combination.

    Obama used to respond to simple

    On this day, Kelleher picked up off the table a letter from the City of Monroe, Mich., letter – yes, yes, this is due to Jane Nifukelai letter. In Kelleher, it looks longer than the usual letter that it is talking about is the hottest current topics, such as unemployment and medical insurance. It reflects the country’s problems, and their commitment – that the President is Mr. Kelleher will appreciate the story. He put it together with other 9 letter, into the folder, was sent to the White House.

    Obama as the former, as reading a folder of 10 letters, and replies to them several letters. Aides say the president is usually one week back 5 to 15 letters, and he more inclined to reply sensible criticism, military veterans, and remain optimistic about America’s poor. He likes to “encouraging” the letter, and, prefer to provide “able to take him to Washington than elsewhere,” the letter.

    Obama read Klein’s letter, he took the White House memo – postcard size, thick white paper, printed with the top raised presidential seal. He began to write this: “Jennifer,”

    Obama used simple response: a word to express the thanks of this letter, the other one or two words to express to encourage rather than proposals. He gave Klein wrote: “Thank you for your very kind and encouraging letter, and I know the situation difficult, but you and your husband like people, I firmly believe that things will be changed to get better!” Finally, Obama horses in the lower right corner, signed his name, and then he will continue reading the next letter.

    A few days later, a cold day, Jane Nifukelai walked from the porch because the most recent chemotherapy, made her feel nausea and vomiting. In the mailbox, is a large yellow envelope, marked with from the White House. Klein immediately think: how do I encountered so much trouble, so that now the President are the volume came in?

    She opened the envelope and found two connected cards with paper tape. Between card stock, as protection is another envelope, much smaller, which is decorated with the seal of the President notes. Klein thought of Obama three weeks ago she wrote a letter, her hand began to shake again. She notes into the kitchen, holding it in the light: cursive body, a syntax error, there is a small black ink stain.

    This is true? She think so.

    She began to laugh, and then, delighted to scream.

    Public letter, Obama will feel unable to

    Read a letter from ordinary Americans, not a novelty. For decades, many U.S. president, whether Democrat or Republican, have read the letter and the response writer.

    For example, America’s first president, George Washington, every day, received about 5 letters, they read and reply. In the late 18th century, 25th president 威廉麦金莱, hired an assistant to handle the influx of 100 letters a day.

    “Wrote to the White House”, with the 1830s Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt’s fireside chats, and into the blowout phase, then urging the audience to “tell me your problems.” In the week after the broadcast, he received 450,000 letters.
    In 1998, President Bill Clinton received 2.26 million letters, and more than 100 million messages.

    Although Obama is not the first one will personally read the letter public U.S. president, but he really is a “first read the letter into the daily habits of the U.S. president.” Salo is responsible for reporting the White House correspondent, told Reuters: “Obama is still with the ordinary American people, to maintain close contact way is by many of the 10 letters, this is his real life with people the opportunity to interact.”

    Salo said Obama told him, “the letter from the people, and sometimes made him feel very weak, because the response of this reality which, so urgent and serious, so he sometimes believes that he can not do anything.” Mr. President also acknowledged that in some circumstances, he will open a check or make a phone call to solve some problems, because he felt that this is the only thing he can do. (Benpian reported, thanks to the U.S. “Washington Post” White House press correspondents 伊莱萨洛艾 Lisa Slocum, a new book published in 2011, she describes in detail the story of Barack Obama and 10 letters. )

    Blodget, 49, in the past 18 years, the Bare Escentuals, from a newly established enterprises, developed into a global cosmetics empire. Her in March 2010, for $ 1.7 billion, will be sold to Shiseido Bare Escentuals, she continued to promote their products in stores all over the world, continue to talk with customers online. Dozens of fans every day on Mr. Blodget’s Facebook (Facebook) pages, frank details of his personal life, and she was not addicted to make-up views. She just wants his 19-year-old son Te Lunte, frequent contact with her, just as with her husband Keith (Keith), as harmony. In 1995, the 38-year-old Keith, resigned from the production of television advertising work, take care of Te Lunte, let Blodget threw himself into his own business. She was very successful, but also jealous of her husband and son relationship. Is the second year of the Te Lunte University, gave dad send text messages every day, but often a week do not give her hair once.

    Zilina as Hewlett-Packard Carly Fiorina (Hewlett-Packard) first female chief executive, her husband, Frank Feiao Li Cincinnati before retiring from AT & T to support her cause, has caused a small sensation. Now, this arrangement is no longer unusual.
    “Fortune” 500 largest companies, 18 female chief executive, of which seven female executive, has a husband at home when expected. Dozens of smaller companies as a female CEO or other senior executive women, has a similar situation. Including IBM’s new chief executive Romy mentioned (Ginni Rometty), some spouses, give up the cause, as his wife’s “good wife.”

    January 5, 2012, in Washington, the Pentagon, the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Dempsey and U.S. Defense Secretary Panetta attended the press conference and answered questions from reporters.
    Obama’s new military strategy will shift to the Asia-Pacific, time :2012 -01-05
    January 5, 2012, the Pentagon in Washington, President Barack Obama and Secretary of Defense and Joint Chiefs Chairman Dempsey Panetta, and military officials to attend the press conference.
    Three years ago, US troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, there are 18 thousand troops.
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