美国进入选举年，寻求连任的奥巴马不顾国会反对，任命柯德瑞(Richard Cordray)出任消费者金融保护局(Consumer Financial Protection Bureau，CFPB)局长，直接对政敌下战帖，并誓言:就任总统期间“每一秒”都将为美国中产阶级而战。
奥巴马,4日,在另一项声明中说，他将利用“休会任命”权，任命3人,填补全国劳工关系局(National Labor Relations Board)的悬缺。
威斯康辛州共和党籍国会众议员瑞安（Paul D. Ryan）称,美国总体流动性仍然很高,同时，最近,承认从底层上升的流动性问题,是美国落后的地方。
布鲁金斯学院经济学家索希尔（Isabel V. Sawhill）:“美国不像多数发达国家有那么多的流动性，这正在变成传统智慧。我不认为你会找到很多人对它提出异议。”
皮尤慈善信托基金（Pew Charitable Trusts ）经济流动性项目显示，占美国人口五分之一的低收入层当中，65%,在成年,仍会处于占美国人口五分之二的低收入层。
传统基金会分析员巴特勒（Stuart M. Butler）说，如果美国经济流动性这么差，某人也许应当告诉那些想来美国的人:别再移民。
McCain’s site received support Romney – Republican U.S. presidential nomination battle settled the Iowa caucus, the Republican candidate, beat it with 8 votes primaries of Romney, the day before, and the Republican Party Participation Senator John McCain at campaign rally
Romney in 2008 to participate in primaries, cast in the Ai state $ 10 million, still only 2;
This year, with stronger financial resources, more accurate election strategy (including, in time to discredit supporters, pulled down the former House Speaker Newt Gingrich), but, no great leap forward in performance.
No doubt, Romney won the Republican nomination for the best chance to polling day in November, he still held a grudge for conservative voters, whether in the “pull down Obama ‘to cast their votes under the premise?
Ke Derui as Secretary for Consumer Financial Protection
President Obama said Tuesday that he will bypass the Congress, the appointment of Ke Derui for the new Secretary of consumer financial protection.
The United States into the election year, regardless of Congress seeking re-election of Barack Obama opposed the appointment of Ke Derui (Richard Cordray) as the Consumer Financial Protection Agency (Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, CFPB) the Secretary, directly challenge the post of political opponents, and vowed: presidency During the “every second” are fighting for the American middle class.
The move angered the Republican Party, criticized Obama’s arrogance, and go beyond his constitutional authority, without the approval of the Federal Senate, placement candidates.
Obama and understand that he will be fighting for the middle class presidential election candidates. He said: “I promise every day, every minute, every second, will do my best to make this country a sense of responsibility to pay and is a meaningful place.”
Obama in key states Ohio presidential election, said: “Millions of American people, need a person to guard their interests, this person is Kede Rui.”
Obama, 4, in a separate statement, said he would use “recess appointment” the right to appoint three people to fill the National Labor Relations Board (National Labor Relations Board) of the still vacant.
Obama told the cheering crowd: “We know: If Republicans nominate the Kede Rui case of what will happen as a hostage, that is: more of the people we love, may be deceived to make bad financial decisions . ”
U.S. House Speaker John Boehner said in a statement: “Obama the power to seize the extraordinary and completely unprecedented, and I expect: The Court will determine not legitimate.”
U.S. Republican presidential candidate, former Pennsylvania Senator Santo Lom (Rick Santorum) last fall warned that up to middle-income European countries, the mobility to more than the United States.
Conservative thought leaders “National Review” (National Review) wrote that most Western European countries and English-speaking countries have higher liquidity.
Wisconsin Republican Congressman Ryan (Paul D. Ryan) said the United States overall liquidity remains high, at the same time, most recently, recognition of increased liquidity from the underlying problem is the place behind the United States.
Brookings Institution economist Suoxi Er (Isabel V. Sawhill): “Unlike most developed countries the U.S. has so much liquidity, it is becoming conventional wisdom, I do not think you will find a lot of people made it deny it. ”
“The New York Times,” said one of the reasons of liquidity gap, perhaps the depth of poverty in the United States, resulting in poor children start to lag behind. Another reason, perhaps the U.S. employers who have a university diploma, pay a higher premium wages. Since children usually go with their parents and the educational track, the kind of premium wages, increase the importance of family background, suffocation lower levels of education opportunities.
In recent years, at least five major studies have found – lower than comparable U.S. national mobility.
Swedish economist praise mention (Markus Jantti) led a project found that one-fifth of total U.S. population, low-income families grew up among men, 42% in the adult, still remain in that class.
Shows that in the United States, in the proportion of those long-term disadvantage, much higher than in Denmark (25%) and UK (30%).
Only 8% of U.S. low-level man can rise to the richest 20%.
British economy from the bottom up to the top, accounting for 12%, Denmark 14%.
United States has repeatedly claimed, is a classless society, one-fifth of the total U.S. population of high-income families in which children grow up, 62%, to adult, will remain in the United States accounted for two fifths of the population of high-income groups .
The Pew Charitable Trusts (Pew Charitable Trusts) economic mobility project has shown that one-fifth of the total U.S. population, income level, 65% in the adult, will remain two-fifths of total U.S. population of low-income level.
Because too much emphasis on the impact of family background, these studies challenge the United States of features for the debate to speak of social injustice. Liberals often stressed that the U.S. income gap to the unusual, many conservatives say, the system is fair, because liquidity is high, everyone can climb down the social ladder. Now evidence that the U.S. is not only equal, but also a lack of liquidity.
Former President Bush’s aides Bristol Ji Lande (John Bridgeland), said he to the international comparison, was “shocked.” Bush, who helped launch the “opportunity state” project, he said, “Republicans do not feel – have to discuss the issue of income inequality, but they will feel – the need to discuss the lack of liquidity – that is the lack of opportunity to achieve the American dream. ”
Although the European cultural and demographic composition, are relatively large differences with the United States, but, the most comparable, Canada.
University of Ottawa economist Colac (Miles Corak) found that 10% of Canada’s population grew up in the bottom of society among men, only 16% to the adult, still stuck at the bottom; the United States, accounting for 22%. Similarly, in 10% of the total U.S. population among high-income level, 26% of men, grew up, still at the top; Canada, only 18%. Colac Professor, family background role in the United States, more than other comparable countries.
Skeptics said the study to measure the “relative mobility” – the status of their children than mothers and fathers. Does that make money and more “absolute mobility” different. The income of most Americans, more than parents, because the whole country richer.
Some conservatives said that this “absolute mobility” to the true measure of the opportunity.
A study found that 81% of Americans more than the income of the parents. Other countries do not have comparable data. As two generations of research needs that data, they ignored the immigrant families.
Heritage Foundation analyst Butler (Stuart M. Butler), if the mobility of the U.S. economy is so bad, maybe someone should tell the people who wanted to come to the United States: Do not immigrants.