美国制造业反弹,工人工资减半,时间:2011-12-30,来源: 《 纽约时报》

美国制造业反弹,工人工资减半,时间:2011-12-30,来源: 《 纽约时报》 
美国《 纽约时报》称,制造业经过多年疲软后,如今,终于重新开始招人,对于新一代的工人而言,他们的工资,大大的下降了。
通用电器设在肯塔基州路易斯维尔的工厂,最能反映这一现象。过去数年,新入职的员工,时薪,比前辈工人,低了10,至15美元,差距明显,不论是路易斯维尔市府、当地工会,还是工人,都无人反对。市长费舍尔说,当地失业率,达9%,平均每份时薪13美元的工厂职位,会有数千人应征,政府接受资方减薪之余,在税务等方面提供种种优惠,希望借此,能维持美国制造业全球竞争力。费舍尔称,以减薪换取职位,绝对值得。即使工会对这个现象,没有多少反弹,地方工会主席卡尔尼说,资方未来两年,打算投资8亿美元,扩大在当地的生产规模,劳方可以做的,就是接纳新工资水平。
通用电器设在路易斯维尔的厂房,主要生产热水器等家电产品。公司在2005年与地方工会达成协议,开始奉行薪酬双轨制,旧员工可继续领取原有工资;新员工待遇将大幅下降,起薪点,从以往的21,至32美元,骤减至12,至19美元。在工厂工作了42年的老工人马斯顿说,这样的情况,在以往,必定引来摩擦,甚至会触发示威,现在,情况不一样,人人都要向现实低头,估计到后辈工资升至顶点时,他这辈人,都已退休。
37岁新工人托马斯说,自己的时薪,在18美元之间,已经接近顶点,她知道自己的待遇,比马斯顿少了14美元,最初,曾愤愤不平,一来,她数年前在福特车厂尝过被裁员的滋味,二来同事之间,觉得有工作已经难能可贵,身边失业的人太多,自己一旦埋怨可能饭碗不保,她冒不起这个险。
政府数据显示,过去10年来,美国制造业工人的薪酬,回落13.6%,幅度之大,创下60年来纪录。经济专家桑迪说,美国制造业工资下降,中国的工人薪酬,在上升,美国中国劳工成本之间,仍有差异,距离已经缩小,回想起10年前,企业根本不用考虑,就会到中国设厂,现在,至少要仔细算一算账。
以通用电器为例,企业目前,在美国本土,有219家工厂,海外有230家厂房,以员工数目计算,是美国稍多,当中,80%是制造业职位。
美国国内生产的提高,并非是通用工资降低的唯一原因,通用高管接受采访时称,他们十分重视“精密生产”,经常鼓励生产工人指出流水线工作的不足,参与流水线的改进,提高效率。

旅游业是马尔代夫经济的重要支柱之一,马尔代夫旅游业协会称,此禁令可能伤害国家经济。2011年,超过85万名游客,造访了马尔代夫1192个小珊瑚岛,蓝色泻湖、数公里长的珊瑚、能够美容的温泉和按摩,都是令游客趋之若鹜的特色。

商务部公布数据显示,2011年1-11月份,美国对华实际投资27.39亿美元,同比下降23.05%,降幅较前10个月,扩大5个百分点。
中国正快速涨薪,美国劳动生产率是中国的4倍。— 美国波士顿咨询公司发布报告的主笔哈罗德·西尔金说。

U.S. manufacturing rebound, half wages, time :2011 -12-30, source: “The New York Times”
United States, “New York Times” said that the manufacturing sector after years of weakness, and today, finally start to recruit people for the next generation of workers, their wages, greatly declined.
General Electric in Louisville, Kentucky plant, the best indicator of this phenomenon. Over the past few years, new recruits, the hourly wage than older workers, low 10, $ 15, the gap significantly, whether the City of Louisville, the local trade unions, or workers, have no objection. Mayor Fisher said that the local unemployment rate of 9%, average $ 13 per hourly factory jobs, there will be thousands of applicants, the Government accepted pay cuts of more than employers, to provide various tax and other concessions in the hope that This, to maintain U.S. manufacturing globally competitive. Fisher said, to pay in exchange for jobs, definitely worth it. Even if the union of this phenomenon, not much bounce, the local union, said the main Xikaerni employers the next two years, plans to invest $ 800 million to expand production at the local scale, workers can do is to accept the new wage level.
General Electric plant in Louisville, produces water heaters and other appliances. In 2005 the company reached an agreement with local unions, began to pursue two-track salary, the old employees can continue to receive the original salary; new treatment of employees will drop substantially, the entry point from the previous 21, to $ 32, plummeted to 12, to $ 19. Work in a factory for 42 years-old worker, said Marston, such a situation, in the past, will lead to friction, and even trigger demonstrations, and now, the situation is different, everyone must bow to reality, it is estimated to younger wage rise at the peak, he was this generation who have been retired.
Thomas said 37-year-old new workers, their hourly wage between $ 18, close to peak, she knew her treatment, Bimasidun less $ 14 initially, was angry, the one, she a few years ago Ford depot tasted the taste of being laid off, and second, to colleagues, feel that there has been commendable, too many people unemployed around, he once complained that their jobs may not be secure, she not afford to take the risk.
Government data show that over the past 10 years, U.S. manufacturing workers’ wages, down 13.6%, magnitude, the highest record in 60 years. Sandy said economic experts, the U.S. manufacturing wages fell, the Chinese workers’ wages, on the rise, the United States between labor costs in China, there are still differences, the distance has been reduced, recalled 10 years ago, companies did not consider it to China factories, and now, at least to carefully calculate accounts.
By General Electric, for example, companies today, in the United States, 219 factories, 230 factories overseas, to calculate the number of employees, the United States slightly more, which, 80% of manufacturing jobs.
Increased U.S. domestic production is not the only reason for GM to reduce wages, GM executives said in an interview, they attach to “precision production”, often to encourage the production line workers that work less, involved in the pipeline to improve and improve efficiency.

Tourism is an important economic pillar of the Maldives, the Maldives Tourism Association, said the ban could hurt the national economy. 2011, more than 85 million visitors visited the Maldives 1192 small coral islands, blue lagoons, coral several kilometers long, to beauty spa and massage, are the characteristics of tourists flock to.

Commerce Department data show that January to November 2011, actual investment U.S. $ 2.739 billion in China, down 23.05%, a decline over the previous 10 months, expanding by 5 percentage points.
China is fast salary, U.S. labor productivity in China four times. — United States, the Boston Consulting Group released a report writer Harold Sylvester King said.

 

《美国制造业反弹,工人工资减半,时间:2011-12-30,来源: 《 纽约时报》》有2个想法

  1. December 27 to 29, Prime Minister of Japan Yoshihiko Noda visit India. In the meantime, Noda held talks with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, the two countries signed a joint statement announcing the results of a variety of political and economic cooperation. This was in 2005, Japan and India since the two countries established mechanisms of summit visits, Prime Minister Singh’s sixth Prime Minister of Japan, bilateral relations between the two leaders continue to warm.

    The head of Japan and India signed a joint statement from the political and economic content is divided into two levels.

    Statement said, next year is the 60th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Japan and India, two countries will strengthen global strategic partnership will be the first joint military exercises at sea. The two sides further expand maritime security cooperation, and reached consensus. Singh accepted the invitation to visit Japan next year, and said that cooperation between the two countries from the economic field, and gradually extended to the political, security and high-tech field, in the fight against piracy and maritime security cooperation in response to a significant strengthening.

    From an economic level, Noda said: in the next five years, provide the equivalent of $ 4.5 billion in yen loans to support the “New Delhi – Mumbai Industrial Corridor” concept, want high-speed railway construction project in India, the introduction of Japan’s Shinkansen technology. India hopes solar power generation, desalination and other new technologies, the Japanese support. Both sides to the Japan and India, effective August a comprehensive economic partnership agreement, based on early start of the two countries reaffirmed the need for ministerial-level economic dialogue. The two sides reached consensus on strengthening financial cooperation, the two countries agreed to exchange the maximum amount of money, from the

    12月27日至29日,日本首相野田佳彦到访印度。在此期间,野田与印度总理辛格举行会谈,两国签署联合声明,宣布了多项政治和经济合作成果。这是2005年,日印两国建立首脑互访机制以来,辛格总理会见的第六位日本首相,两国首脑继续为双边关系加温。

    此次日印首脑签署的联合声明,从内容上分为政治和经济两个层面。

    声明称,明年,是日印建交60周年,两国将加强全球战略伙伴关系,将首次进行海上联合军演。双方就进一步扩大海上安全领域的合作,达成了共识。辛格接受了明年访日的邀请,并表示,两国合作已从经济领域,逐渐拓展到政治、安全以及高技术领域,在打击海盗和应对海洋安全方面的合作有显著加强。

    从经济层面上看,野田表示:将在今后5年,提供相当于45亿美元的日元贷款,支援“新德里―孟买工业走廊”构想,希望印度在高速铁路建设计划中,引进日本新干线技术。印度希望在太阳能发电、海水淡化等新技术领域,得到日本支持。双方,以8月生效的日印全面经济合作伙伴协定为基础,重申了尽早启动两国部长级经济对话的必要性。双方就加强金融合作达成共识,同意把两国的货币互换最高额度,从现行的30亿美元,增至150亿美元。

  2. 美国制造业反弹,工人工资减半,时间:2011-12-30,来源: 《 纽约时报》
    美国《 纽约时报》称,制造业经过多年疲软后,如今,终于重新开始招人,对于新一代的工人而言,他们的工资,大大的下降了。
    通用电器设在肯塔基州路易斯维尔的工厂,最能反映这一现象。过去数年,新入职的员工,时薪,比前辈工人,低了10,至15美元,差距明显,不论是路易斯维尔市府、当地工会,还是工人,都无人反对。市长费舍尔说,当地失业率,达9%,平均每份时薪13美元的工厂职位,会有数千人应征,政府接受资方减薪之余,在税务等方面提供种种优惠,希望借此,能维持美国制造业全球竞争力。费舍尔称,以减薪换取职位,绝对值得。即使工会对这个现象,没有多少反弹,地方工会主席卡尔尼说,资方未来两年,打算投资8亿美元,扩大在当地的生产规模,劳方可以做的,就是接纳新工资水平。
    通用电器设在路易斯维尔的厂房,主要生产热水器等家电产品。公司在2005年与地方工会达成协议,开始奉行薪酬双轨制,旧员工可继续领取原有工资;新员工待遇将大幅下降,起薪点,从以往的21,至32美元,骤减至12,至19美元。在工厂工作了42年的老工人马斯顿说,这样的情况,在以往,必定引来摩擦,甚至会触发示威,现在,情况不一样,人人都要向现实低头,估计到后辈工资升至顶点时,他这辈人,都已退休。
    37岁新工人托马斯说,自己的时薪,在18美元之间,已经接近顶点,她知道自己的待遇,比马斯顿少了14美元,最初,曾愤愤不平,一来,她数年前在福特车厂尝过被裁员的滋味,二来同事之间,觉得有工作已经难能可贵,身边失业的人太多,自己一旦埋怨可能饭碗不保,她冒不起这个险。
    政府数据显示,过去10年来,美国制造业工人的薪酬,回落13.6%,幅度之大,创下60年来纪录。经济专家桑迪说,美国制造业工资下降,中国的工人薪酬,在上升,美国中国劳工成本之间,仍有差异,距离已经缩小,回想起10年前,企业根本不用考虑,就会到中国设厂,现在,至少要仔细算一算账。
    以通用电器为例,企业目前,在美国本土,有219家工厂,海外有230家厂房,以员工数目计算,是美国稍多,当中,80%是制造业职位。
    美国国内生产的提高,并非是通用工资降低的唯一原因,通用高管接受采访时称,他们十分重视“精密生产”,经常鼓励生产工人指出流水线工作的不足,参与流水线的改进,提高效率。

    旅游业是马尔代夫经济的重要支柱之一,马尔代夫旅游业协会称,此禁令可能伤害国家经济。2011年,超过85万名游客,造访了马尔代夫1192个小珊瑚岛,蓝色泻湖、数公里长的珊瑚、能够美容的温泉和按摩,都是令游客趋之若鹜的特色。

    商务部公布数据显示,2011年1-11月份,美国对华实际投资27.39亿美元,同比下降23.05%,降幅较前10个月,扩大5个百分点。
    中国正快速涨薪,美国劳动生产率是中国的4倍。— 美国波士顿咨询公司发布报告的主笔哈罗德·西尔金说。

    U.S. manufacturing rebound, half wages, time :2011 -12-30, source: “The New York Times”
    United States, “New York Times” said that the manufacturing sector after years of weakness, and today, finally start to recruit people for the next generation of workers, their wages, greatly declined.
    General Electric in Louisville, Kentucky plant, the best indicator of this phenomenon. Over the past few years, new recruits, the hourly wage than older workers, low 10, $ 15, the gap significantly, whether the City of Louisville, the local trade unions, or workers, have no objection. Mayor Fisher said that the local unemployment rate of 9%, average $ 13 per hourly factory jobs, there will be thousands of applicants, the Government accepted pay cuts of more than employers, to provide various tax and other concessions in the hope that This, to maintain U.S. manufacturing globally competitive. Fisher said, to pay in exchange for jobs, definitely worth it. Even if the union of this phenomenon, not much bounce, the local union, said the main Xikaerni employers the next two years, plans to invest $ 800 million to expand production at the local scale, workers can do is to accept the new wage level.
    General Electric plant in Louisville, produces water heaters and other appliances. In 2005 the company reached an agreement with local unions, began to pursue two-track salary, the old employees can continue to receive the original salary; new treatment of employees will drop substantially, the entry point from the previous 21, to $ 32, plummeted to 12, to $ 19. Work in a factory for 42 years-old worker, said Marston, such a situation, in the past, will lead to friction, and even trigger demonstrations, and now, the situation is different, everyone must bow to reality, it is estimated to younger wage rise at the peak, he was this generation who have been retired.
    Thomas said 37-year-old new workers, their hourly wage between $ 18, close to peak, she knew her treatment, Bimasidun less $ 14 initially, was angry, the one, she a few years ago Ford depot tasted the taste of being laid off, and second, to colleagues, feel that there has been commendable, too many people unemployed around, he once complained that their jobs may not be secure, she not afford to take the risk.
    Government data show that over the past 10 years, U.S. manufacturing workers’ wages, down 13.6%, magnitude, the highest record in 60 years. Sandy said economic experts, the U.S. manufacturing wages fell, the Chinese workers’ wages, on the rise, the United States between labor costs in China, there are still differences, the distance has been reduced, recalled 10 years ago, companies did not consider it to China factories, and now, at least to carefully calculate accounts.
    By General Electric, for example, companies today, in the United States, 219 factories, 230 factories overseas, to calculate the number of employees, the United States slightly more, which, 80% of manufacturing jobs.
    Increased U.S. domestic production is not the only reason for GM to reduce wages, GM executives said in an interview, they attach to “precision production”, often to encourage the production line workers that work less, involved in the pipeline to improve and improve efficiency.

    Tourism is an important economic pillar of the Maldives, the Maldives Tourism Association, said the ban could hurt the national economy. 2011, more than 85 million visitors visited the Maldives 1192 small coral islands, blue lagoons, coral several kilometers long, to beauty spa and massage, are the characteristics of tourists flock to.

    Commerce Department data show that January to November 2011, actual investment U.S. $ 2.739 billion in China, down 23.05%, a decline over the previous 10 months, expanding by 5 percentage points.
    China is fast salary, U.S. labor productivity in China four times. — United States, the Boston Consulting Group released a report writer Harold Sylvester King said.

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