美国制造业反弹,工人工资减半,时间:2011-12-30,来源: 《 纽约时报》
U.S. manufacturing rebound, half wages, time :2011 -12-30, source: “The New York Times”
United States, “New York Times” said that the manufacturing sector after years of weakness, and today, finally start to recruit people for the next generation of workers, their wages, greatly declined.
General Electric in Louisville, Kentucky plant, the best indicator of this phenomenon. Over the past few years, new recruits, the hourly wage than older workers, low 10, $ 15, the gap significantly, whether the City of Louisville, the local trade unions, or workers, have no objection. Mayor Fisher said that the local unemployment rate of 9%, average $ 13 per hourly factory jobs, there will be thousands of applicants, the Government accepted pay cuts of more than employers, to provide various tax and other concessions in the hope that This, to maintain U.S. manufacturing globally competitive. Fisher said, to pay in exchange for jobs, definitely worth it. Even if the union of this phenomenon, not much bounce, the local union, said the main Xikaerni employers the next two years, plans to invest $ 800 million to expand production at the local scale, workers can do is to accept the new wage level.
General Electric plant in Louisville, produces water heaters and other appliances. In 2005 the company reached an agreement with local unions, began to pursue two-track salary, the old employees can continue to receive the original salary; new treatment of employees will drop substantially, the entry point from the previous 21, to $ 32, plummeted to 12, to $ 19. Work in a factory for 42 years-old worker, said Marston, such a situation, in the past, will lead to friction, and even trigger demonstrations, and now, the situation is different, everyone must bow to reality, it is estimated to younger wage rise at the peak, he was this generation who have been retired.
Thomas said 37-year-old new workers, their hourly wage between $ 18, close to peak, she knew her treatment, Bimasidun less $ 14 initially, was angry, the one, she a few years ago Ford depot tasted the taste of being laid off, and second, to colleagues, feel that there has been commendable, too many people unemployed around, he once complained that their jobs may not be secure, she not afford to take the risk.
Government data show that over the past 10 years, U.S. manufacturing workers’ wages, down 13.6%, magnitude, the highest record in 60 years. Sandy said economic experts, the U.S. manufacturing wages fell, the Chinese workers’ wages, on the rise, the United States between labor costs in China, there are still differences, the distance has been reduced, recalled 10 years ago, companies did not consider it to China factories, and now, at least to carefully calculate accounts.
By General Electric, for example, companies today, in the United States, 219 factories, 230 factories overseas, to calculate the number of employees, the United States slightly more, which, 80% of manufacturing jobs.
Increased U.S. domestic production is not the only reason for GM to reduce wages, GM executives said in an interview, they attach to “precision production”, often to encourage the production line workers that work less, involved in the pipeline to improve and improve efficiency.
Tourism is an important economic pillar of the Maldives, the Maldives Tourism Association, said the ban could hurt the national economy. 2011, more than 85 million visitors visited the Maldives 1192 small coral islands, blue lagoons, coral several kilometers long, to beauty spa and massage, are the characteristics of tourists flock to.
Commerce Department data show that January to November 2011, actual investment U.S. $ 2.739 billion in China, down 23.05%, a decline over the previous 10 months, expanding by 5 percentage points.
China is fast salary, U.S. labor productivity in China four times. — United States, the Boston Consulting Group released a report writer Harold Sylvester King said.