我们两国的关系,也是如此。毫无疑问，上海在美国中国关系史上,是一个具有重大意义的城市。正是在这里，37年前,发布的《 上海公报》（Shanghai Communique）开启了我们两国政府和两国人民接触交往的新篇章。然而，美国与这个城市以及这个国家的纽带,可以追溯到更久远的过去，直至美国独立初期。
1784年，我们的建国之父-乔治·华盛顿派遣“中国女皇号”（Empress of China）驶往中国海岸，寻求与清朝通商。华盛顿希望看到这条悬挂美国国旗的船,前往世界各地，与像中国这样的国家,建立新的关系。这是美国人一贯的愿望——希望与新的国家建立新的、互利的伙伴关系。
近40年前，一个小小的乒乓球,带来了两国关系的解冻，使我们两国建立起另一种联系。这种方式,令人意外，但却恰恰促成了其成功，因为,尽管我们之间存在许多分歧，但是,我们共同的人性和共同的好奇心,得以从中显现。正如一位美国乒乓球队员,在回忆对中国的访问时,说：“那里的人民,和我们一样……这个国家和美国,有许多相似之处，也有很大区别。” 无须赘言，这个小小的契机,带来了《 上海公报》的问世，并最终促使(美国中国)两国,在1979年,建立正式外交关系。请看在此后的30年，我们取得了多么长足的进展。
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U.S. President Barack Obama dialogue with the Chinese youth in Shanghai speech, the Chinese text
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How are you. Have the opportunity to talk in Shanghai with all of you, I am deeply honored. I want to thank Fudan University Professor Yang for his hospitality and warm welcome. I would also like to thank our outstanding Ambassador Jon Huntsman, he represents the profound links between our two countries and mutual respect. I do not know just what the Chinese say, but I hope he is right. (Laughter)
Today, I am ready to do a prologue, but I really want to do is answer questions, not only to answer questions raised by the students here, but also to answer some questions raised from the Internet, these issues present some of the students and by the Huntsman Ambassador behalf. Sorry, my Chinese, as your English, but I look forward to this opportunity for dialogue with you.
This is my first visit to China, to see your magnificent country, and I am very excited. In Shanghai, we see the development of the world’s attention – the tall buildings, busy streets, and business activities in full swing. China in the 21st century, these images, I was impressed. I am also looking forward to see, to show China’s long history of our heritage. Tomorrow and the day after tomorrow, I will be in Beijing, would welcome the opportunity to see the spectacular Forbidden City and known as the “miracle” of the Great Wall. Indeed, this is both a rich history, and hope for the future, confidence in the country.
The relationship between our two countries, as well. There is no doubt, in the U.S. China relations in the history of Shanghai, is a significant city. It is here that 37 years ago, the release of the “Shanghai Communique” (Shanghai Communique) on our two governments and their people contacts and exchanges of a new chapter. However, the U.S. and the city and the country’s bond, can be traced back to a more distant past, until the beginning of American independence.
In 1784, our founding fathers – George Washington sent “Chinese Empress” (Empress of China) heading for the coast of China, to seek trade with the Qing Dynasty. Washington wants to see this ship flying the American flag, to the world, with countries such as China, to establish new relationships. This is an American has always been the desire – hope the new countries with new, mutually beneficial partnership.
Over the next two centuries, the tide of history, so that our bilateral relations to a number of different directions, but, even in the turbulent years, the two peoples but also to seize the opportunity to develop an in-depth, even a very unusual the relationship. For example, the American people will never forget that during World War II, American pilots shot down over China, Chinese citizens braved the danger of losing everything, they care. China participated in World War II veterans are still welcome return visit of U.S. veterans who had been there fighting to help China from colonial rule, liberation.
Nearly 40 years ago, a small table tennis, bringing bilateral relations thaw, so that we establish another link between the two countries. In this way, surprising, but it just contributed to its success, because, despite the many differences between us, but our common humanity and common curiosity, to appear from. As an American table tennis players in the memories of his visit to China, he said: “There’s people like us … … this country and the United States, there are many similarities, there are very different.” Needless to say, this little little opportunity to bring the “Shanghai Communique” come out, and the eventual (U.S. China) countries, in 1979, the establishment of formal diplomatic relations. Look in the next 30 years, how we have made considerable progress.
In 1979, the U.S. China trade of about $ 5 billion today, the annual trade volume has exceeded $ 400 billion. Trade in many ways, affecting the lives of the two peoples, many U.S. computer components, and the clothes we wore, are imported from China, we export to China’s industrial needs of your machine. This trade, in the Pacific Ocean, creating more employment opportunities for our people to live better quality of life. With the demand tends to balance the two sides of the trade, enabling economies of both countries more prosperous.
In 1979, the U.S. political cooperation between China, mainly based on the Soviet Union jointly face competitors. Today, we enjoy a positive, constructive, and comprehensive relationship for us in the modern era of critical global issues, partnership opens the door to these issues, including: economic recovery and development of clean energy, stop the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the effects of climate change in Asia and around the world to promote peace and security. All of these issues, all my talks with President Hu Jintao tomorrow contents.
In 1979, we linked the two peoples, is very limited. Today, we see that when table tennis players of curiosity, has been translated into many areas of the bond, the Chinese students, the number of people in the United States, ranked second, while students in the United States, the number of people learning Chinese, an increase of 50% . Our two countries, nearly 200 sister cities, our communities together. U.S. China scientists to carry out new research and exploration. Of course, Yao Ming, but our common love of basketball between the two peoples, one sign – Unfortunately, this trip, I can not watch the Shanghai Sharks basketball team.
The relationship between our two countries, accompanied by a period of positive change, this is not accidental. China to achieve the millions of people out of poverty, the achievement, unprecedented at the same time, China’s global problems, but also play a greater role. The United States led the successful conclusion of the Cold War, but also made economic development and people’s living standards improved.
Chinese have a saying: “Reviewing the Old.” Of course, over the past 30 years, we have encountered setbacks and challenges, our relationship is not without differences and difficulties. However, “we must be rivals” concept, is not destined to remain unchanged – the past, will not be the case. Because of our cooperation, the U.S. China both more prosperous and more secure. We have seen: We are guided by common interests and mutual respect, to work on what can be achieved.
However, the success of such contacts depends on understanding, depends on continuing open dialogue, mutual understanding and mutual learning. As mentioned earlier – who said the U.S. table tennis players – as people, we have a lot in common, but in some ways our two countries, there are differences.
In my opinion: Each country must plan their way forward. China is an ancient civilization, culture and far-reaching. The United States contrast, is a young country, its culture, by immigrants from many different countries and the founding of our democratic system to guide the formation program. These programs, the proposed human affairs straightforward look forward to, and contains a number of core principles – both men and women, human beings are born equal, enjoy certain basic rights; government should reflect public opinion, and the aspirations of the people to make response; business should be open, free flow of information should be; judicial protection should come from the rule of law, and not of men.
Of course, our history, not without difficulty chapter. In many ways, in a very long time, we must, through struggle, to achieve these principles, the commitment of all the people, to create a more perfect Union. We have fought a very bitter Civil War, part of the country’s population, the liberation from slavery. Women the right to vote, to win the right to organize labor, immigrants from around the world, to be fully accepted – these are only some time after implementation. African-Americans, even after access to free, still living in the conditions of isolation and inequality, through their tireless efforts, finally won full and equal rights.
All of these, have never easy. However, because of our firm belief in these core principles, we have made progress, these principles guide us crossed the darkest storm. This is – Why Lincoln in the Civil War, to come forward and announced, which is conceived in a test of a free being, “faithful to the principle that all men are created equal” countries can fight forever. This is – why Martin Luther King to stand on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, the State requires us to practice the true meaning of their own faith. This is – why from countries from China to Kenya immigrants to settle in our land; why all efforts to seek opportunities to people who have access to opportunities; Why do people like me – in less than 50 years ago, in the United States some areas, have difficulties even to vote, now, to become the country’s president.
This is why the U.S. has been in the world, for these core principles, and loudly. We do not seek to impose any political system to any other country, but we do not think we stand for these principles are unique to our country. Freedom of expression and religious freedom – access to information and freedom of political participation – we believe that: the right to these freedoms are universal, everyone should enjoy, including ethnic and religious minorities, whether in the United States, China, or in any other country. It is the respect for universal rights, to guide the United States open to other countries, respect for different cultures, is committed to compliance with international law, and the future have faith.
These are that you should be aware of the United States. I also know that: China has much room for us to understand the situation. Look around this great city – look around this hall – I’m sure: our two countries, there is a very important thing in common: our faith in the future. United States and China do not want to be satisfied with what has been achieved, stalled. Although China is an ancient country, but you obviously have for the future with confidence, ambition, and the younger generation to generation than this, more as a determination.
We not only admire China’s growing economy, but also appreciate your respect in scientific research, an extraordinary effort – from you to build the infrastructure, the technology used to you, are reflected in this effort. China is now the world’s largest Internet user country – this is our today, are thrilled to bring the Internet as part of the reason for the event. This country, the world’s largest mobile phone network, it is to maintain sustainable growth in both investment and development, but also new energy to address climate change – and I look forward to tomorrow, in this critical area, to deepen cooperation between countries. However, the most important thing is, I am in you, to see China’s future – the young generation of talent, dedication, and dreams, will play a significant role in shaping the 21st century.
I have said many times, I believe: We are now the world is closely linked. The work we do, we build prosperity, we protect the environment, and we are looking for security – all of which are shared. In view of this interaction in the 21st century, the power should no longer be a zero-sum game; a country’s successful development, should not the cost of his country. This is – why the U.S. firm, said: We do not seek to contain China’s rise. On the contrary, we welcome China into the international community, a strong, prosperous, successful members – one from each of you that Chinese people’s rights, power and creativity, access to power in China.
Back to the front, mentioned the phrase the old saying – the past. We know that the big countries to choose between cooperation, not confrontation, will bring greater benefits. This is a lesson that human beings continue to learn, the history of relations between our two countries, but also many examples. I am convinced that cooperation must go beyond intergovernmental cooperation. Cooperation must be rooted in our people – rooted in our joint research, our business activities, we learned, and even our sports. These bridges, like you must be young and American young people together to build.
Therefore, I am pleased to announce that the United States prepared to the United States in the number of students studying in China, significantly increased to 10 million people. This exchange is between the two peoples in our clear commitment to establish contact, no doubt, you will help determine the fate of the 21st century. I fully believe that the United States, even the best messenger, than our young people. Because they like you, talented, energetic, on the chapter of history to be written, full of optimism.
So, let this move, as we steadily for the next step of cooperation, such cooperation will help our two countries, and the whole world. If from today’s dialogue, to get a little inspiration, I hope: that is, committed to the future to continue this dialogue.
Thank you very much. Now, I hope all of you to answer some questions raised. Very grateful.
English, English, automatic translation by Google; Google English; Google in English
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