拉脱维亚物价与医疗

拉脱维亚物价与医疗
一、物产物价
拉脱维亚1991年恢复独立后,即开始按西方模式进行经济体制改革,推行私有化和自由市场经济。拉脱维亚已于1999年被正式接纳为世界贸易组织成员。拉脱维亚社会经济发展稳定,人民生活水平较好,主要商品食品、水果等以进口为主,供应充足。2004年5月拉加入欧盟后物价水平迅速上升。
当地货币为拉特,币值较稳定。1拉特≈13元人民币。
主要商品参考价格:
1公升的瓶装矿泉水,0.5拉特;1瓶33cl啤酒,0.7拉特
不含酒精饮料的一餐,5-10拉特
拉脱维亚的银行和外币兑换点拒绝接收褶皱、磨损、褪色或污染的美元等外币,即使写有很小的字迹,也会被拒收,或者打折扣,兑换成拉特,只收取1990年以后发行的美元。
支付方式:信用卡和现金支付,酒店一般不接受游客以银行转账方式结算。
银行及金融服务:
拉脱维亚银行网站:www.bank.lv ,电话:67022300;
CITAD ELE银行网站:www.citadele.lv, 电话:67010000;
NBRDEA 银行网站:www.nordea.lv, 电话:67096096;
机场和所有城市、旅游景点有外币兑换点,可用欧元、美元兑换当地货币。在旅游景点消费一般可直接支付欧元和美元。
二、保险医疗
拉脱维亚总体无大规模传染性疾病,卫生条件良好。有关传染性疾病爆发的信息,请查阅世界卫生组织网站www.who.int
2010年,拉脱维亚全国共有129所医院,2007个诊所,医生7921名,家庭医生1050名,病床18200张。每万人,有医生34名、病床78.1张。医疗条件尚好,药品供应正常,价格合理。药品销售监管严格,必须有医生处方,才可购买处方药。医院实行医药分开,医生开处方,药品另行到药店购买。
拉脱维亚实行强制医疗保险,在拉脱维亚居留者必须购买医疗保险。普通医疗保险,半年保费20拉特,一年保费40拉特,60岁以上者,保费略有区别。保额35.000拉特,包括,治疗费15,000拉特,可负担看病和急救费用,重病回国费用15,000拉特,及丧葬费用5,000拉特。
 

里加主要医院地址和联系电话:
紧急出诊电话:00371-67201003,67201001、67201007
ARS诊所:电话00371-67201007
传真:00371-67288767
地址:5 Skolas iela,Riga LV-1001
儿童医院:电话:  67622997、67064499
      地址:45 Vienibas gatve,
      www.gailes.lv
外交服务医疗中心:电话:00371-67229942
      传真:00371-67289418
      地址:NO.57, Elizabetes Str. 4floor, Riga, LV-1050
Gailezers 医院:电话:00371-67042424
         传真:00371-67536466
         地址:No.2, Hipokrata Str.Riga, LV-1038
拉脱维亚-美国眼科中心(Latvian-American Eye Centre):
         电话:67272257
         地址:93 Tallinas iela   
牙科门诊医院: 电话:67455586  www.st-inst.lv
HTO 骨科医院:  电话:00371-67399300
         传真:00371-67392348
         地址:22 Duntes street, Riga, LV-1005
斯特拉京什大学医院:电话:00841-67611412
           地址:Pilsonu 13, Riga, LV-1007
特别提示:夏季进入拉脱维亚林区,需预防蜱传性森林脑炎(forest encephalitis),该疾病是由森林脑炎病毒(RNA病毒),经硬蜱媒介所致自然疫源性急性中枢神经系统传染病。临床特征,是突然高热、意识障碍,头痛、颈强、上肢与颈部及肩胛肌瘫痪,后遗症多见。森林脑炎病毒,寄生于啮齿动物如松鼠、野鼠等血液中,通过吸血昆虫(蜱)媒介传播。进入有该病存在的森林地区时,被感染性蜱咬后,就可能受染,但大部分病人呈隐性感染或仅有轻微症状,只有一小部分,出现明显症状。初次进入疫区的人应接种森林脑炎疫。在去森林之前15-20天,必须打第1针,之后,过7-10天,再打第2针,一共打2次。
 

交通与出行
航运:拉脱维亚有里加、文茨皮尔斯、利耶帕亚3个国际机场,大部分国际航班使用里加国际机场。波罗的海航空公司,创建于1995年,是拉唯一的国际航空公司,国家占52.6%股份,拥有飞机34架,其中,2架波音757-200,6架波音737-500飞机,8架波音737-300, 10架FOKKER 50飞机,2010年运送旅客300万人次,同比增长16%。2010年,里加国际机场乘客运输,为466.3万人次,同比增长14.7%。运送货物12247吨,同比增长29.9%
里加国际机场,现入驻19家航空公司,航班飞往82个国家和地区。有直飞莫斯科、伦敦、曼彻斯特、斯图加特、维也纳、巴黎、罗马、米兰、法兰克福、都柏林、慕尼黑、布鲁塞尔、斯德哥尔摩、赫尔辛基、哥本哈根、华沙、特拉维夫、布拉格、塔林、维尔纽斯、基辅、奥德萨、明斯克、塔什干、伊斯坦布尔等地的国际航班。自里加乘芬兰航空公司班机,从赫尔辛基中转,可达北京、上海、广州和香港,乘俄罗斯航空公司班机,从莫斯科中转,可达北京、上海和香港,其他,可从法兰克福、维也纳、斯德哥尔摩、哥本哈根等地中转。
 

里加国际机场(Lidosta)位于里加市西南10公里,共有4个边防检查口。普通公交车22路行程,30-35分钟,5:00-23:00期间,每半小时一趟,票价0.7拉特/单程,直接向司机购票。若旅客携带标准行李箱上车,需为每个行李箱,额外支付0.8拉特。旅客亦可在NARVESSON(7ELEVEN)便利店、街边报亭及公共汽车站售票厅,购买电子票,面值分别为5、10、20拉特乘车卡,每次乘车,只需0.5拉特。电子票还分5次、10次及20次, 分别为2.5、4.75及9拉特。乘出租车到市中心约需15-20分钟,车费约10拉特。
里加机场问询:00371-29311187
里加机场网站:www.riga-airport.com
波罗的海航空公司:www.airbaltic.com
瑞奈尔航空公司www.ryanair.com
 

铁路:2009年,拉铁路总长2206.3公里,其中257公里电气化铁路,2009年货运量5370万吨,同比增长4.2%。客运量2155.5万人次,同比下降19%。自里加乘国际列车可达俄罗斯莫斯科和圣彼得堡,乌克兰基辅和敖德萨,并可经立陶宛和波兰到德国柏林等地。国内线路连通各主要城市。国内和国际线路,均运行准时,价格合理,安全状况良好。火车站不设边防和海关,在火车入境处,进行边防和海关检查。预定国际车票电话:00371-67231181,时刻表查询:www.ldz.lv
里加中心火车站(Centrala Stacija)位于市中心,步行5-10分钟可达里加老城。内有餐厅、商店、外币兑换点和银行。4:00-1:00提供自助保存和行李托运服务。主厅内设有问询处。
公路:国家级公路线总长20227公里。截止2011年1月,共登记有货车11.31万辆,小汽车74.24万辆,客车1.06万辆,摩托车2.51万辆。2005年公路货运量5150万吨,客运量2.14亿人次。
里加汽车站(Autoosta)与火车站相邻,乘7路有轨电车一站到达里加老城。5:00-24:00营运,5:30-23:00办理行李托运。问讯电话:90000009, 定票电话:90001111,汽车站网址:www.autoosta.lv
乘国际巴士可前往莫斯科、基辅、明斯克、塔林、维尔纽斯、巴黎、伦敦等地。国际巴士车况良好,多为两名司机轮班,运行总体安全,但冬季雪后路况较差,易发事故。线路及时刻详情见运输公司网站:
Eurolines: www.eurolines.lv,
电话:00371-67214080;
传真:00371-67503134。
Ecolines:www.ecolines.lv
电话:00371-67274444;
传真:00371-67844222。
水运:内河航线全长350公里。主要海港有文茨皮尔斯、里加和利耶帕亚。2005年港口吞吐量为6004万吨,同比增长4.4%,其中文茨皮尔斯港吞吐量2986万吨,里加港吞吐量2443万吨,利耶帕亚港吞吐量451万吨,其余港口吞吐量124万吨。
里加客运码头距市中心1.5公里,乘5、7、9路有轨电车两站到达市中心。可乘船到瑞典的斯德哥尔摩(Stockholm,www.tallink.com )、德国的吕贝克(Lubeck, 00371-67349527, 67353523)和基尔(Kiel, 00371-67323730, 67323569)。
城市交通状况
拉脱维亚是欧洲人均车祸率和车祸死亡率最高的国家之一,拉脱维亚政府采取严厉措施处罚酒后驾车,最高可判入狱6个月。无论白天夜晚,行车时都必须打开车灯。
里加市内公共交通系统,包括公交车、有轨电车和无轨电车。每日5:30-00:30运营,部分线路22:30停运。上车购票,票价0.7拉特。每一站,均有运行时刻表,非高峰时间,运行准时。
出租车空车亮绿灯,起价1.5拉特,0.5拉特/公里。24小时免费定车电话:
Riga Taxi:00371-80001010;
TAXI.LV:00371-80009922;
SMILE TAXI:00371-22577677。
 

旅游与通信
一、主要城市情况及网站
里加(RIGA),拉脱维亚首都,拉脱维亚第一大城市。面积307.17平方公里,人口74.72万人,约占全国人口的1/3,人口密度2,434人/每平方公里。分为6个行政区。1月平均气温-2.7℃,7月平均气温17.4℃,全年平均气温7.2℃,平均相对湿度78%。与我国苏州市是友好城市。
www.riga.lv
道加瓦皮尔斯(DAUGAVPILS),距离里加229公里,拉第二大城市,靠近白俄罗斯边界,主要讲俄语。与哈尔滨市是友好城市。
www.daugavpils.lv
利耶帕亚(LIEPAJA),距离里加223公里,港口,拉第三大城市。
www.liepaja.lv
文茨皮尔斯(VENTSPILS),距离里加202公里,波罗的海沿岸最大的不冻港。
www.ventspils.lv
尤尔马拉(JURMALA),距离里加25公里,著名的疗养地,与俄罗斯的索契齐名,有33公里长的优质沙滩,和治疗心血管、神经系统疾病的黑泥。
www.jurmala.lv
二、主要景点
2008年拉入境游客377万人次,在拉脱维亚消费3.36亿美元,主要来自立陶宛(30%)、爱沙尼亚(28%)、俄罗斯(7%)、德国(7%,在拉消费3327万美元)、波兰(6%)和芬兰(5%)等国。拉脱维亚出境旅游245万人次,主要去往立陶宛(35%)、爱沙尼亚(24%)、俄罗斯(14%)、白俄罗斯(6%)及欧盟国家(48%)。
拉脱维亚冬季漫长、多雪,为旅游淡季,夏季6-9月为旅游旺季。全国共有旅游公司130家,主要有:拉脱维亚旅游公司(Latvia Tours)、里加旅行社(Riga Travel Agency)、塔斯旅游公司(Tas Travel Agency)、大学生青年旅行社(Student and Youth Travel)、波罗的海旅游公司(Baltic Travel Group)等。
里加老城始建于13世纪初,占地50公顷,集中了大量哥特式和巴洛克式建筑,特点鲜明,主要景点:
里加城堡始建于1203年,曾是利沃尼亚王公居住地。18世纪,俄帝国统治者对城堡进行大规模翻修,当时的外观和内部结构基本保留至今。目前该城堡一半为总统府,内有带顶雕和雕塑风格各异的白厅、蓝厅、使节厅等,另一半是拉历史博物馆和外国艺术博物馆。
托姆斯基广场是老城的心脏,因广场上的托姆斯基教堂(“托姆”是拉丁语“圣殿”的意思)而得名。1998年,被联合国教科文组织(UNESCO)列入世界文化与自然遗产保护名录。广场一侧是1856年修建的里加交易所,另一侧是1211年修建的托姆斯基教堂,内有欧洲最大、世界第四大的管风琴。这架管风琴有124个音区、26个风箱、6718根管,最长的10米、最短的仅13毫米,至今仍能演奏,音色优美。
圣彼得教堂建于1209年,曾为欧洲最大的木结构教堂之一。教堂多灾多难,数次被毁。1721年,教堂失火,彼得大帝曾亲自指挥救火。二战期间教堂被毁,后得以修复,并改为金属结构,修复后的教堂高123.5米,顶端有生铁铸的公鸡风标(公鸡被认为是吉祥的标志,能驱鬼避邪。鸡叫三遍,天亮之时,魔鬼就得返回地狱)。教堂钟楼57米和71米处有观景台,可俯瞰里加市全景。
市政厅广场建于13世纪,曾是手工业者交易、集会和城市举行重要活动的场所。广场中心的“罗兰德”塑像代表中世纪司法机关、城市自由和独立,被视为商业保护神。广场南面是黑头宫,因黑头兄弟会而得名。黑头兄弟会是中世纪波罗的海沿岸一个单身客商行会组织,会员包括德国和荷兰商人及船员,他们尊圣毛里求斯为保护神(标志是非洲摩尔人的头像)。黑头宫建于1334年,1713年归黑头兄弟会所有,二战期间被毁,1999年重建。
自由纪念碑建于1931-1935年,是拉脱维亚人民精神力量和自由理想的象征,位于里加市中心,是里加标志性建筑。碑高42米,碑上刻有“祖国与自由”字样。碑顶的妇女是自由的象征,她手中的三颗金星代表拉的三个历史与文化区:维德泽姆、拉特加列和库尔泽姆。
旅游特别提示:
拉脱维亚时间为格林威治时间(GMT)+2小时,冬令时为格林威治时间(GMT)+3小时。每年10月的最后一个周日开始实行冬令时,3月的最后一个周日开始实行夏令时。夏令时为北京时间-5小时,冬令时为北京时间-6小时。
拉脱维亚旅游信息中心:00371-67224664,www.tava.gov.lv
拉脱维亚特产:琥珀饰品,天然有机香皂,身着民族服装的偶人,亚麻织物,里加黑药酒(Riga Black Balsam),熏鱼,纯毛手工围巾、帽子、袜子,皮面记事本,皮钱包,皮盒子等。
简单实用的拉语:见面打招呼- Sveiki,你好- Labdien,是- Ja,不- Nee,再见- Uzredzesanos,请- Ludzu,谢谢- Paldies,价格是多少?- Cik tas maksa?对不起-Atvainojiet,旅馆- Viesnica,牛奶- Piens,面包- Maize,水- Udens,肉- Gala,水果- Augli,蔬菜- Darzeni。
 

三、宾馆饭店
1、RADISSON BLU HOTEL DAUGAVA
地址:24 Kugu iela,
电话:00371-67061111,
传真:00371-67061100,
www.radissonblu.com
参考价格:标准间160欧元,公务间190欧元,套间340-1170欧元。
2、RADISSON BLU HOTEL LATVIA
地址:55 ELIZABETES, LV-1010
电话:00371-67772222
传真:00371-00371-67772221
www.radissonblu.com
参考价格:标准间99欧元,公务间119-169欧元,套间368欧元。
3、HOTEL DE ROME
地址:28 Kalku iela
电话:00371-67087600
传真:00371-67087606
www.derome.lv
参考价格:标准间150欧元,公务间160欧元,套间200欧元。
4、REVAL HOTEL RIDZENE
地址:1 Reimersa iela
电话:00371-67772345
传真:00371-67772332
www.revalhotels.com
参考价格:标准间130欧元。
5、Elizabete Hotel(伊丽莎白饭店)
地址:No.2, Dzirnavu St. Riga, LV-1010
电话:00371-67821909
传真:00371-67821908
参考价格:40-100欧元
E-mail:info@elizabetehotel.lv

 
拉脱维亚主要中餐馆:
老上海
地址:123 K. VALDEMARA IELA
电话:00371-29416570
香港饭店
地址:61 K. Valdemara iela
电话:00371-67812292
中国长城饭店
地址:21 K. Valdemara iela
电话:00371-27897188
SOHO饭店
地址:6 Elizabetes iela
电话:00371-29175354
家佳中餐馆
地址:A.CAKA IELA 110 LV-1011
电话:00371-27293696/29182288
香格里拉酒店
地址:BRIVIBAS GATVE 326/328
电话:00371-67554547、26080915
www.shangrila.lv

四、电源电压
拉脱维亚电压为220V,50HZ,使用德标圆头两项插头。
五、通讯网络
拉通讯发达,电话拨打便捷。从国内向拉拨打电话方式为00371加在拉座机号或手机号。拉有四家手机运营商,访客抵拉后可在机场及市区便利店、商店及手机营业网点购买入网号(一般为2-3拉特),再买电话充值卡。座机电话约0.07拉特/分钟,手机约0.10拉特/分钟。各公司均推出优惠套餐,价格因情而异。拉互联网为宽带高速模式,收费合理。一般饭店均提供免费上网服务。
 

双边领事
一、领事关系
二、领事条约、协定
 

驻外机构
中国驻拉脱维亚大使馆
办公地点:里加甘尼布丹比斯街5号
(5 Ganibu Dambis Str. Riga)
使馆办公时间:周一至周五 09:00-17:00
领事部办公时间:周一、周五10:00至12:00;周三14:30至16:30
使馆(含领事部)在中国公共假日停止对外办公(见假日通知)。
使馆总机:00371-67357023/24、
联系电话:67509104、67509125、29192568、26189539
传真号码:00371-67357025、67323263
交通方式:乘坐1路、19路无轨电车;5路、9路有轨电车,2路公交巴士和24路进城方向在PETERSALAS IELA 站下车, 出城方向在GANIBU DAMBIS IELA 站下车,沿街道向东北方向各步行200米和100米即到。
使馆电子邮箱:chinaemb_lv@mfa.gov.cn
使馆商务处电子邮箱:lv@mofcom.gov.cn
使馆网站:lv.chineseembassy.org
 

常用信息
一、来拉脱维亚工作
在拉脱维亚中国人较少,约40人左右,主要从事餐饮业,多数中餐馆的老板和厨师是中国人。中国人在拉脱维亚就业需有合法的居留许可和工作许可,并按时足额交纳当地医疗保险、退休基金和所得税。申办工作、居留许可需时较长。
聘请外国人来拉脱维亚工作的工作许可,由拉脱维亚方雇主在拉办理。有职位空缺时,雇主必须先在当地报纸刊登招聘启事,1个月内没有在当地找到合适的人选方可申请聘请外国人。申请时,雇主需提供该外国人具有从事该项工作资格的证明。
我公民在拉脱维亚工作期间,如变更工作单位或职务,应及时向拉劳动和移民部门申报登记。如被发现现任职务或工作单位与申请居留许可时填报的内容不符,将按提供虚假信息处理,吊销居留许可,限期离境。员工变更工作单位,应征得现任雇主的同意,方可办理新的工作和居留许可。
二、来拉留学
目前在拉脱维亚中国留学生非常少。拉脱维亚多所高校有意开拓中国留学市场,吸引中国留学生。拉脱维亚高校无论公立、私立,大部分管理规范,教育水平较高,学费与其他欧盟国家相比相对较低。主要用拉语授课,但大部分高校提供英语课程以服务留学生。在拉脱维亚留学需申请以学习为目的的居留许可。除政府项目外,拉高校很少向留学生提供奖学金,留学生多为自费。
截至2005年底,拉脱维亚全国共有49所高等院校,在校学生12.76万人,教师3636人,平均每万人中有大学生550名。
主要高等院校有:
拉脱维亚大学(University of Latvia),位于首都里加市区。该校的历史可以追溯到1862年成立的里加理工学院。1919年9月,在里加理工学院的基础上成立了拉脱维亚学院,1923年改称“拉脱维亚大学”。拉大是拉建校最早、规模最大的大学,现有13个院系,10多个研究所,涉及到众多不同的领域和学科。2008学年在校学生23801人,其中博士生900人,教学科研人员1400余人。
网站:www.lu.lv
里加工业大学(Riga Technical University),位于里加市区,建于1862年,主要学科有工程、技术、社会科学和商务。现有8个系及5个科研院所,目前在校生有18000多人,其中本科生5600人,大专生7500人,硕士生3600人,博士生400人,教职员工有1000人,其中教授和副教授400人。该校还有来自中国、印度、巴基斯坦、黎巴嫩、叙利亚以及欧洲、亚洲、拉丁美洲的留学生近1000人。春季入学为2月份,秋季入学为9月份。
网站:www.rtu.lv
拉脱维亚农业大学(Latvia University of Agriculture):位于叶尔加瓦市,建于1939年。主要学科有农业、林业、渔业、工程、技术、社会科学和商务。
网站:www.cs.llu.lv
更多院校信息,请查询拉脱维亚教育与科学部网站:www.izm.lv,以及拉高等教育委员会网站:www.aip.lv

 

《拉脱维亚物价与医疗》有一个想法

  1. Latvia prices and health care
    First, the property prices
    After Latvia regained independence in 1991, began at the Western model of economic reform, privatization and free market economy. Latvia in 1999 was officially accepted as a member of the World Trade Organization. Latvia, socio-economic development and stability, better living standards, mainly food products, fruits, etc. to import the main supply. In May 2004, after joining the EU pull a rapid increase in the price level.
    Local currency is the lats, more stable currency. 1 LVL ≈ 13 yuan.
    Major commodity reference price:
    1 liter of bottled mineral water, 0.5 LVL; 1 bottle 33cl of beer, 0.7 lats
    Non-alcoholic beverages meal LVL 5-10
    Latvia’s banks and currency exchange points rejected by the folds, worn, faded or pollution of dollars and other foreign currency, even if written with a very small writing, will be rejected, or compromised, converted into lats, only charges issued after 1990 U.S. dollars.
    Payment: credit card and cash payment, the hotel does not accept visitors generally settled by bank transfer.
    Banking and financial services:
    Bank of Latvia website: http://www.bank.lv, Tel: 67022300;
    CITAD ELE Bank website: http://www.citadele.lv, Tel: 67010000;
    NBRDEA Bank website: http://www.nordea.lv, Tel: 67096096;
    Airport and all cities, tourist attractions currency exchange points, can the euro, U.S. dollar to local currency. Tourist attractions in the general consumer can directly pay in euros and U.S. dollars.
    Second, insurance, medical
    Latvia in general no large-scale infectious disease, health condition is good. Information about infectious disease outbreaks, consult the WHO website http://www.who.int.
    In 2010, Latvia there were 129 hospitals, 2007 clinics, doctors 7921, 1050 family doctors and hospital beds, 18 200. Per million people, 34 doctors and hospital beds, 78.1. Medical conditions were good, regular supply of medicines at reasonable prices. Strict regulation of drug sales, there must be a doctor’s prescription, buy prescription drugs only. Hospital’s medical separation, a doctor’s prescription, drugs be purchased at pharmacies.
    Latvia compulsory medical insurance, residence in Latvia must purchase health insurance. General health insurance, six premium 20 LVL 40 LVL a year premium, 60 years of age, the premium is slightly different. Insured 35.000 lats, including treatment costs 15,000 lats, affordable medical care and first aid expenses, repatriation costs 15,000 lats illness, and funeral expenses 5,000 lats.

    Riga main hospital address and telephone number:
    Emergency visits Tel :00371 -67201003, 67201001,67201007
    ARS Clinic: Tel 00371-67201007
    Fax :00371 -67,288,767
    Address: 5 Skolas iela, Riga LV-1001
    Children’s Hospital: Tel: 67622997,67064499
    Address: 45 Vienibas gatve,
    http://www.gailes.lv
    Foreign Service medical center: Tel :00371 -67,229,942
    Fax :00371 -67,289,418
    Address: NO.57, Elizabetes Str. 4floor, Riga, LV-1050
    Gailezers Hospital: Tel :00371 -67,042,424
    Fax :00371 -67,536,466
    Address: No.2, Hipokrata Str.Riga, LV-1038
    Latvia – American Eye Center (Latvian-American Eye Centre):
    Phone: 67272257
    Address: 93 Tallinas iela
    Dental Clinic Hospital: Tel: 67455586 http://www.st-inst.lv
    HTO Orthopaedic Hospital: Tel :00371 -67,399,300
    Fax :00371 -67,392,348
    Address: 22 Duntes street, Riga, LV-1005
    What Stella Beijing University Hospital: Tel :00841 -67,611,412
    Address: Pilsonu 13, Riga, LV-1007
    Special Note: enter the Latvian summer forest, forests need to prevent tick-borne encephalitis (forest encephalitis), the disease is a tick-borne encephalitis virus (RNA virus), caused by Ixodes media natural foci of acute central nervous system infection disease. Clinical features, is a sudden high fever, disturbance of consciousness, headache, neck strength, neck and shoulder muscles with upper limb paralysis, sequelae common. Tick-borne encephalitis virus, parasitic on rodents such as squirrels, voles and other blood, by blood-sucking insects (ticks) media communication. Into the existing forest areas have the disease when bitten by infected ticks, you may be infected, but most of the patients showed latent infection or only mild symptoms, and only a small part of significant symptoms. The initial entry of people infected tick-borne encephalitis vaccine should be vaccinated. 15-20 days prior to the go to the forest, you must play the first needle, then, over 7-10 days, beating No. 2-pin, played a total of 2 times.

    Traffic and travel
    Shipping: Latvia, Riga, Ventspils, Liepaja three international airports, most international flights Riga International Airport. Baltic Sea Airways, founded in 1995, is the only international airlines pull, the state accounted for 52.6% of the shares, with 34 aircraft, of which two Boeing 737-500 Boeing 757-200,6 aircraft, eight Boeing 737 -300, 10 FOKKER 50 aircraft in 2010, transporting 23 million passengers, an increase of 16%. In 2010, Riga International Airport passenger transport, for the 4.663 million passengers, up 14.7%. Delivery of goods 12,247 tons, an increase of 29.9%
    Riga International Airport, now settled in the 19 airlines, flights to 82 countries and regions. There are direct flights to Moscow, London, Manchester, Stuttgart, Vienna, Paris, Rome, Milan, Frankfurt, Dublin, Munich, Brussels, Stockholm, Helsinki, Copenhagen, Warsaw, Tel Aviv, Prague, Tallinn, Vilnius, Kiev, Odessa , Minsk, Tashkent, Istanbul and other places of international flights. Finnair flights from Riga by, from Helsinki transit, up to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Hong Kong, by Aeroflot flight from Moscow to transfer up to Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong, the other, from Frankfurt, Vienna, Stockholm, Copenhagen and other places transit.

    Riga International Airport (Lidosta) is located 10 km southwest of Riga, a total of four border inspection ports. Ordinary bus road trip ,30-22 35 minutes ,5:00-23: 00 during each half-hour trip, fare 0.7 LVL / one-way, direct ticket to the driver. If the standard luggage carried by passengers on the train, take for each suitcase, to pay an additional 0.8 lats. Visitors can also NARVESSON (7ELEVEN) convenience stores, street kiosks and bus station ticket hall, buy e-tickets in denominations of 10, 20 LVL travel cards, each ride, just 0.5 lats. E-tickets also five times, 10 times and 20 times, respectively, 2.5,4.75 and 9 lats. Taxi to the city center takes about 15-20 minutes, fare about 10 lats.
    Riga Airport Information :00371 -29,311,187
    Riga airport website: http://www.riga-airport.com
    Baltic airlines: http://www.airbaltic.com
    Rui Naier airlines http://www.ryanair.com

    Rail: In 2009, total length of 2206.3 km rail pull, in which 257 km electrified railway, cargo 53.7 million tons in 2009, an increase of 4.2%. The amount of 21,555,000 passenger trips, down 19%. Up by international train from Riga and St. Petersburg, Moscow, Russia, Ukraine, Kiev and Odessa, and by Lithuania and Poland to Berlin, Germany and other places. Domestic routes connecting major cities. Domestic and international routes, are running on time, reasonable price, safe condition. No border and customs station, the train immigration, border and customs checks carried out. Book tickets phone :00371 -67,231,181 International, schedule inquiries: http://www.ldz.lv.
    Riga Central Station (Centrala Stacija) located in the center, 5-10 minutes walk from Old Town dariga. There are restaurants, shops, currency exchange points and banks. 4:00-1:00 self-preservation and to provide baggage service. Main hall with information desk.
    Highways: total length of 20,227 km national highway. As of January 2011, 113,100 vehicles were registered, 742,400 cars, 10,600 passenger cars, motorcycles 25100. 2005, road freight 51,500,000 tons, 214 million passenger trips.
    Riga Bus Station (Autoosta) and adjacent to the railway station, take tram stop 7 to dariga Old Town. 5:00-24:00 operating ,5:30-23: 00 for baggage. Information Tel: 90000009, will be tickets Tel: 90001111, bus station site: http://www.autoosta.lv.
    By international bus can go to Moscow, Kiev, Minsk, Tallinn, Vilnius, Paris, London and other places. International bus good condition, mostly for two drivers in shifts, the overall security operation, but poor road conditions in winter snow, accident-prone. Time lines and transportation companies website details:
    Eurolines: http://www.eurolines.lv,
    Tel :00371 -67,214,080;
    Fax :00371 -67,503,134.
    Ecolines: http://www.ecolines.lv
    Tel :00371 -67,274,444;
    Fax :00371 -67,844,222.
    Water: River route length of 350 km. Main harbor there Ventspils, Riga and Liepaja. Port throughput in 2005 as 60.04 million tons, an increase of 4.4%, the Chinese port throughput of 29.86 million tons Ventspils, Riga port throughput of 24.43 million tons, Liepaja port throughput of 4.51 million tons, and the remaining 124 port throughput million tons.
    Riga Passenger Terminal downtown 1.5 km tram two stops by 5,7,9 city center. By boat to Stockholm, Sweden (Stockholm, http://www.tallink.com), Germany’s Luebeck (Lubeck, 00371-67349527, 67353523) and Kiel (Kiel, 00371-67323730, 67323569).
    City traffic
    Latvia is Europe’s per capita accident rate and one of the highest traffic accident death rates, the Latvian government to take stringent measures to punish drunk driving, a maximum sentence of six months’ imprisonment. Day and night, driving lights must be open.
    Riga city public transport system, including buses, trams and trolley buses. Daily 5:30-00:30 operation, part of the line 22:30 outage. On the train tickets, fares 0.7 lats. Each station has run schedules, off-peak hours, run on time.
    Taxi empty green light, starting from LVL 1.5, 0.5 LVL / km. 24-hour free car phone set:
    Riga Taxi :00371-80001010;
    TAXI.LV :00371-80009922;
    SMILE TAXI :00371-22577677.

    Travel and communication
    First, the major cities and sites of
    Riga (RIGA), the capital of Latvia, Latvia’s largest city. An area of ​​307.17 square kilometers, population 74.72 million, accounting for the country’s population of 1 / 3, population density 2,434 people / per square kilometer. Divided into six administrative regions. January average temperature of -2.7 ℃, 7 monthly average temperature of 17.4 ℃, annual average temperature is 7.2 ℃, average relative humidity of 78%. Suzhou is China’s friendship with the city.
    http://www.riga.lv
    Daugava Pierce (DAUGAVPILS), 229 km from Riga, pull the second largest city, near the Belarus border, mainly Russian-speaking. And Harbin are sister cities.
    http://www.daugavpils.lv
    Liepaja (LIEPAJA), 223 km from Riga, the port, pull the third largest city.
    http://www.liepaja.lv
    Ventspils (VENTSPILS), 202 km from Riga, the Baltic’s largest ice-free.
    http://www.ventspils.lv
    Jurmala (JURMALA), 25 km from Riga, the famous health resort, Sochi par with Russia, 33 km of high-quality sand, and treatment of cardiovascular, nervous system diseases black mud.
    http://www.jurmala.lv
    Second, the main attractions
    2008 La 3.77 million inbound tourists trips, spending $ 336 million in Latvia, mainly from Lithuania (30%), Estonia (28%), Russia (7%), Germany (7% spending $ 33.27 million in Latin), Poland (6%) and Finland (5%) and other countries. 2.45 million outbound trips in Latvia, mainly destined for Lithuania (35%), Estonia (24%), Russia (14%), Belarus (6%) and EU countries (48%).
    Latvia winter long, snowy, for the low season, June to September as the summer tourist season. Total of 130 tourism companies, are: Latvia Travel Company (Latvia Tours), Riga Travel (Riga Travel Agency), the Tasman travel company (Tas Travel Agency), college students Youth Travel Service (Student and Youth Travel), Baltic Travel Company ( Baltic Travel Group) and so on.
    Riga Old Town was founded in the early 13th century, an area of ​​50 hectares, a large concentration of Gothic and Baroque architecture, distinct characteristics, the main attractions:
    Riga Castle was built in 1203, was the residence of kings and Livonia. The 18th century, the rulers of the Russian Empire for large-scale renovation of the castle, when the basic appearance and internal structure has been preserved. Half of the castle now the Presidential Palace, there are carved and sculpture with top styles of Whitehall, Blue Room, Hall and other envoys, the other half is pulling Museum and foreign art museums.
    Thom is the Old Town Square, the heart of Chomsky because Chomsky church on the square of the Thom (“Thom” is Latin for “temple” means) named. In 1998, UNESCO (UNESCO) inscribed on the World Cultural and Natural Heritage List. Place the side of the Riga Stock Exchange building in 1856, on the other side is the 1211 church built Thom Sharansky, has Europe’s largest, the world’s fourth largest organ. The plane has 124 organ sound area, 26 bellows, 6718 tube, up to 10 meters, the shortest only 13 mm, can still be playing, beautiful sound.
    St. Peter’s Church was built in 1209, who has the largest wooden church in Europe is one. Troubled the church, several were destroyed. 1721, the church fire, Peter the Great had personally directed the fire. The church was destroyed during World War II, after be repaired, and replaced the metal structure, restored church 123.5 meters high, the top their remaining cast-iron rooster weather vane (rooster is considered auspicious sign, to exorcism and evil. A chicken three times , dawn, when the devil you have to return to hell). The church bell tower 57 meters and 71 meters with viewing platform, overlooking the panoramic view of Riga.
    City Hall Plaza, built in the 13th century, craftsmen who are trading, held important meetings and city events. Center of the square “Roland” statue on behalf of the Middle Ages the judiciary, freedom and independence of the city, are considered as commercial protection of God. Palace Square, the south is black, because black fraternity named. Black Brotherhood is a single medieval Baltic merchants guild, members, including Germany and the Dutch merchants and sailors, their respect for the protection of God, St. Mauritius (marked by the head of African Moor). Black Temple was built in 1334, 1713, will all go black brothers, destroyed during World War II, rebuilt in 1999.
    Freedom Monument was built in 1931-1935, is the spirit of the people of Latvia, the ideal symbol of strength and freedom, is located in Riga city, Riga is a landmark. 42 m high monument, monument inscribed with “Homeland and Freedom,” the words. Top of the monument is a symbol of freedom for women, she pulled the hands of three Venus represents the history and culture of the three areas: Wade Zemu, Late Jia columns and Kool Zemu.
    Travel Special Note:
    Latvia Time is Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) +2 hours, winter time is GMT (GMT) +3 hours. Each year the last Sunday of October, when the introduction of winter, the last Sunday in March daylight saving time was introduced. Daylight Saving Time is GMT -5 hours, -6 hours GMT when winter.
    Latvia Tourist Information Centre :00371-67224664, http://www.tava.gov.lv.
    Latvia specialty: amber jewelry, natural and organic soaps, dolls dressed in national costumes, linen fabric, black wine Riga (Riga Black Balsam), smoked fish, handmade wool scarves, hats, socks, leather notepad, leather purses, Paper boxes and so on.
    Simple and practical pull language: greeting – Sveiki, hello – Labdien, is – Ja, no – Nee, goodbye – Uzredzesanos, please – Ludzu, thank you – Paldies, the price is how much? – Cik tas maksa? Sorry-Atvainojiet, hotels – Viesnica, milk – Piens, bread – Maize, water – Udens, meat – Gala, fruit – Augli, vegetables – Darzeni.

    Third, the hotels and restaurants
    1, RADISSON BLU HOTEL DAUGAVA
    Address: 24 Kugu iela,
    Tel :00371 -67,061,111,
    Fax :00371 -67,061,100,
    http://www.radissonblu.com
    Price: Standard Room € 160, € 190 between the official, Suite 340-1170 euros.
    2, RADISSON BLU HOTEL LATVIA
    Address: 55 ELIZABETES, LV-1010
    Tel :00371 -67,772,222
    Fax :00371-00371-67772221
    http://www.radissonblu.com
    Price: Standard room € 99, ​​between 119-169 euros official, suites € 368.
    3, HOTEL DE ROME
    Address: 28 Kalku iela
    Tel :00371 -67,087,600
    Fax :00371 -67,087,606
    http://www.derome.lv
    Price: Standard Room € 150, € 160 between the public, suite 200 euros.
    4, REVAL HOTEL RIDZENE
    Address: 1 Reimersa iela
    Tel :00371 -67,772,345
    Fax :00371 -67,772,332
    http://www.revalhotels.com
    Price: Standard Room € 130.
    5, Elizabete Hotel (Elizabeth Hotel)
    Address: No.2, Dzirnavu St. Riga, LV-1010
    Tel :00371 -67,821,909
    Fax :00371 -67,821,908
    Price :40-100 euros
    E-mail: info@elizabetehotel.lv

    Latvia mainly in restaurants:
    Old Shanghai
    Address: 123 K. VALDEMARA IELA
    Tel :00371 -29,416,570
    Hong Kong Hotel
    Address: 61 K. Valdemara iela
    Tel :00371 -67,812,292
    China Great Wall Sheraton Hotel
    Address: 21 K. Valdemara iela
    Tel :00371 -27,897,188
    SOHO Hotel
    Address: 6 Elizabetes iela
    Tel :00371 -29,175,354
    Jia Jia Chinese Restaurant
    Address: A. CAKA IELA 110 LV-1011
    Tel :00371 -27293696 / 29182288
    Shangri-La Hotel
    Address: BRIVIBAS GATVE 326/328
    Tel :00371 -67554547, 26080915
    http://www.shangrila.lv

    Fourth, the supply voltage
    Latvia voltage of 220V, 50HZ, with two round DIN plug.
    Five, communication networks
    Pull developed communication, telephone call convenient. From the domestic call to pull in pull mode for the 00371 plus landline number or mobile number. Pull the four mobile phone operators, visitors arrived at the airport after pulling and urban convenience stores, shops and mobile phone outlets to purchase network number (usually 2-3 lats), buy phone card. Landline phone about 0.07 LVL / min, mobile phone about 0.10 lats / min. Companies have introduced packages, prices vary because of the situation. Pull high-speed mode for broadband Internet at reasonable rates. Are general hotel offers free internet access.

    Bilateral consular
    First, the Consular Relations
    Second, the Consular Treaty, agreements

    Institutions abroad
    Chinese Embassy in Latvia
    Office Location: 5th Street, Riga Gan 尼布丹比斯
    (5 Ganibu Dambis Str. Riga)
    Office Hours: Monday to Friday 09:00-17:00
    Consular office hours: Monday and Friday 10:00 to 12:00; Wednesday 14:30 to 16:30
    Embassy (including the Consular Section) in China’s foreign office to stop a public holiday (see holiday notice).
    Embassy Tel :00371 -67357023 / 24,
    Tel: 67509104,67509125,29192568,26189539
    Fax :00371 -67357025, 67323263
    Transportation: Take a Road, 19 Road trolley bus; 5 Road, 9 tram, bus and 24 2-way road into the city direction PETERSALAS IELA Station, out of town direction GANIBU DAMBIS IELA Station, along the street Walk to the northeast of the 200 meters and 100 meters.
    Embassy E-mail: chinaemb_lv@mfa.gov.cn
    Embassy Commercial Office E-mail: lv@mofcom.gov.cn
    Embassy website: lv.chineseembassy.org

    General information
    First, to work in Latvia
    Fewer people in Latvia, China, about 40 people, mainly in the restaurant industry, most of the restaurant owner and chef is Chinese. Employment needs of the Chinese people in Latvia have a valid residence permit and work permit, and the timely and full payment of the local medical insurance, pension funds and income tax. Bid for work and residence permits will take longer.
    Hire foreigners to work permit to work in Latvia, the Latvian side by the employer in the pull handle. There are vacancies, the employer must publish recruitment notices in the local newspaper, a month does not find local candidates may apply for the right to employ foreigners. Application, the employer must provide the alien with proof of qualifications in the job.
    I am working citizens in Latvia, such as changes in work or duties, it is timely to pull labor and immigration departments for registration. Is found with the current job or work unit apply for a residence permit does not match the contents of furnished, will be providing false information processing, revoke a residence permit, the deadline to leave. Employees change the workplace, the employer should obtain the consent of the incumbent, only for new work and residence permit.
    Second, to pull students
    Currently very few Chinese students in Latvia. Latvia and more colleges and universities study to explore the Chinese market, to attract Chinese students. Latvia University, whether public, private, most management practices, higher levels of education, school fees and the relatively low compared to other EU countries. Primary language instruction using the pull, but most colleges and universities offer English courses to serve students. In Latvia, students need to apply for a residence permit for the purpose of learning. In addition to government projects, drawing college students rarely offer scholarships to foreign students, mostly at their own expense.
    As of the end of 2005, there were 49 institutions of higher learning in Latvia, 12.76 million students in school, teachers, 3636, an average of every 550 people in college.
    Major institutions of higher learning are:
    University of Latvia (University of Latvia), located in Riga, the capital city. The school’s history dates back to the establishment of the Riga Polytechnic Institute in 1862. In September 1919, the Riga Institute of Technology was established on the basis of the Latvian Institute, 1923, renamed the “University of Latvia.” Widening is the first Latin school, the largest university has 13 faculties, more than 10 Research Institute, involving many different areas and disciplines. 2008 school year, 23,801 students, including 900 doctoral students, teaching and research staff of more than 1400 people.
    Website: http://www.lu.lv
    Riga Institute of Technology (Riga Technical University), located in Riga city, built in 1862, the main disciplines in engineering, technology, social sciences and business. Existing eight lines and five research institutes, there are currently more than 18,000 students, including 5,600 undergraduates, 7,500 college students, 3,600 graduate students, 400 doctoral students, 1,000 faculty and staff, including professors and Associate Professor 400. The school as well as from China, India, Pakistan, Lebanon, Syria and Europe, Asia, Latin America, nearly 1,000 students. For the spring semester in February, for the fall semester in September.
    Website: http://www.rtu.lv
    Agricultural University of Latvia (Latvia University of Agriculture): located in Jelgava city, built in 1939. Main disciplines of agriculture, forestry, fisheries, engineering, technology, social sciences and business.
    Website: http://www.cs.llu.lv
    More institutions information, please visit website of the Ministry of Education and Science of Latvia: http://www.izm.lv, and pull the Higher Education Commission website: http://www.aip.lv.

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