美国顶尖1%的富人的收入,远低于2007年, 时间:2011-12-13,美国联邦政府税务资料,位在金字塔顶端的1%的高收入阶层,2009年,收入占全国比率降,低至17%,远低于2007年的23%。

美国顶尖1%的富人的收入,远低于2007年,  时间:2011-12-13,美国联邦政府税务资料,位在金字塔顶端的1%的高收入阶层,2009年,收入占全国比率降,低至17%,远低于2007年的23%。

这些顶尖收入族群的平均收入,在2009年,降至95万7000美元,远不如2007年的140万美元。
《 纽约时报》分析人士说, 富人年收入缩水,导因股市,于2008年,金融海啸期间崩盘,证券资产价值,与股利,都表现不佳。不过,2010年,华尔街股市反弹,富人资产净值,可能再度回升。
今年,闹得轰轰烈烈的“占领华尔街”运动,就是聚焦于这1%富人,并带动风潮,使得经济平等,成为街头抗议和政治辩论的主题。

芝加哥大学(University of Chicago)商学院经济学家-凯普兰(Steven Kaplan)

美国国税局的资料分析,这1%富人的年收入,和股市表现有密切关联,全球化在美国造成金融业好景,各行各业的成长,在金融市场和企业高层,先被瓜分,经济成长造就股市荣景,但,社会底层人士无法享受成长带来的果实,贫富差距扩大。

经考虑通货膨胀因素调整后,2009年,最顶尖1%高收入族群的平均收入,跌破1998年的水平,但,仍远高于1990年,66万2000美元的水平。

相较之下,第二次世界大战后的,数十年期间,最顶尖1%高收入族群的平均收入成长幅度,仅比通货膨胀快一点,远不及中产阶级收入的成长幅度。因此,由50年代,至70年初期,贫富不均,情况减缓。

到1980年,富人收入,只占全美国总收入的10%,但其后,贫富差距开始拉大。1980年代,美国施行的减税措施,被认为是贫富不均的根源。

芝加哥商学院经济学家-凯普兰先生

乔治敦大学的经济学家哈里•霍尔泽认为,最近几年,1%富人收入增长,在很大程度上,依靠内部的特权,而并没有反映生产力的发展。高收入者的真正收入来源,已经成为非常值得怀疑的事情,”他说。“他们收入的增长,对中等收入的美国人,造成了损害。”
“世界各地日益出现的收入不平等现象,远不及美国严重,”他说。

占领华尔街运动批评者说,1%富人收入增长显示,对收入不平等的关注,已经减弱。

前奥巴马政府官员贾里德•伯恩斯坦说,收入不平等现象,已经飙升至新高。伯恩斯坦说:“如果你认为收入不平等的问题,已经在21世纪初解决了,你会被证明是极其错误的”。

1%的美国富人收入,在2010年回升;大多数分析家怀疑,他们是否已经回到其2007年的最高峰,因为,股市仍比当时低,约20%。 凯普兰先生认为,华尔街新的限制措施,将继续使富人收入,低于当年水平。

11月30日,至12月2日,对缅甸的三天访问,希拉里国务卿,世界,美国,政治、经济、军事等全方位;缅甸,东南亚地区战略地理关键的国家。
12月1日,希拉里在缅甸首都内比都,与总统吴登盛等高级官员会谈后,当晚,前往原首都仰光,与缅甸全国民主联盟领导人昂山素季见面。晚宴上,希拉里向这位缅甸民主运动领导人转交了奥巴马总统的一封私人信函,要求缅甸过渡民主,保护人权,以及推动改革,要有实际成果。希拉里在会见结束时,叮嘱昂山素季,说,美国正密切关注缅甸事态发展,要确保军方支持的文人政府-不会停止推行政治和经济改革,不会走回头路。
作为见面礼,希拉里随身携带了120万美元的礼包,送给缅甸政府;她声明:“这些钱,要用来支持缅甸进行社会改革”。
美联社报道说,希拉里与吴登盛的会谈,主要涉及缅甸近期采取的改革和开放措施,美国关注缅甸今后发展等议题。希拉里生怕这120万美元被挪作他用,反覆强调“缅甸还有更多方面需要改革”,敦促缅甸政府释放所有政治犯,等等。
英国《 每日电讯报》形容,初次踏上缅甸土地的希拉里,十分谨慎,50多年没有接触,使她在如何称呼缅甸的问题上犯难,她既怕冒犯缅甸政府,影响此次访问效果,也不想惹怒美国议员,在访问期间,使用了一次缅甸旧名“Burma”,更多时候,将缅甸称为“这个国家”。
希拉里反覆声明:“美国与缅甸的接触;希拉里访缅,是真心帮助缅甸摆脱困境,走向繁荣,例如,希拉里从不松口-解除对缅甸的制裁。

2011.’世界进入了“大债时代”-债!债!债!
英国作家约翰·兰切斯特在其最新著作中,发出惊呼:世界进入了“大债时代”。

因为对金融和信用的迷信,借旧还新、债务永续的观念,一度盛行。遗憾的是,经济存在周期,债务“永动机”难寻。在刚刚迈入21世纪第二个十年之际,人们发现,金融危机掀起的风险,并未消弭,而是从私人部门的损失,转移到国家层面的负担。
欧洲重救急灭火,美国重刺激增长,新兴市场重避险,护盘的局面,已经展现。

债字当头-2011年,希腊进入第7轮紧缩。希腊是欧债危机的缩影,欧债危机是当今世界经济的“关键词”。从冰岛、爱尔兰银行系统,显露风险苗头,到希腊倒债风险爆发,接着,葡萄牙、西班牙国债市场,受到波及;11月,意大利和法国主权信用,遭质疑。欧债危机,可谓步步惊心,层层升级。就在12月初,标普将欧洲15国债信评级,全部列入“信用观察负面”名单。
在被市场倒逼的过程中,不少欧元国家,在资金流动性、债务偿付力和经济基本面上,都出现不同程度的困局。欧债问题“拆东墙,补西墙”,顾此失彼的恶性循环,成为几乎所有分析机构眼中,2012年,最主要的全球性风险。

隔洋-金融危机的发源地美国,同样“债压如山”。数据显示,美国公债余额,达到15万亿美元,与其全年国内生产总值(GDP)规模相当。在截至2011年9月底的财年,美国联邦政府财赤,逼近1.3万亿美元,创下连续三年,破万亿美元的纪录。官方预测,未来10年内,美国财政赤字,仍将净增约3.5万亿美元。

今年,新兴经济体总体债务形势较好,国库尚丰,税收有源。
国际货币基金组织(IMF)数据显示,2007年,至2010年,发达经济体主权债务余额,占GDP的比例,从73%,上升至96%
新兴和发展中经济体,仍保持在36%左右。
预计到2015年,前者,将上升到106%;后者,有望下降至30%。

世界经济“正在见证一场经济气候变化”——瑞银财富管理研究部亚太区主管浦永灏手中《2012年环球展望》报告的措辞。

联合国12月公布的《 2012年世界经济形势与展望》报告,一些主要发达经济体,再次陷入衰退的风险,正在加大,并将拖累其他国家经济增长。对于已经成为世界增长动力源的中国,如何防范新旧风险,保持增长动力,提高增长质量,已是一个全球性话题。

总体而言,各方认为,亚洲等地区的新兴经济体,将成为2012年世界经济的“增长绿洲”。

经合组织首席经济学家帕多安预测:新兴经济体增速,或将放缓,但,不会太严重,此时,更应该利用外部形势带来的压力,进一步推进结构性调整,增强经济的弹性。

汇丰美国首席经济学家洛根,纵论时局,当被问及“金融危机爆发三年来,美国人的生活中,究竟出现什么重大转折?”这时,他的语气消沉下去。“就业、收入……,一句话,人们对未来的看法,不一样了。”

在年末,美国前财长保尔森,坐在中国北京中央商务区的酒店会议厅里,兴致勃勃地向记者讲述,他连日来,在中国中部城市考察中,令人振奋的感受。
在美国,信贷扩张下的消费,推动增长模式正在发生变化。保尔森谈到,美国经济存在结构性问题。过度负债,存在于家庭、企业和政府多个层面。中产阶层收入,多年没有明显增长,贫富差距加大。美国面临如何推动改革的巨大挑战。
高盛公司对2008年,至2012年,美国经济增长情况的回顾和预测显示,个人消费开支,增速有限,政府支出,受到约束;出口对增长的贡献度,正不断提高。在经济政策层面,奥巴马最近重提“新国家主义”,显露进一步加强政府力量的倾向,和与传统新自由主义理念的背离。

在欧洲,欧元在设计上的先天不足,导致欧债风险集中爆发。在日前结束的欧盟峰会上,欧盟国家已经决定放弃通过修改《 里斯本条约》,来强化财经纪律,而是选择另立条约,推动欧元区,向财政一体化迈进。在财政负担的重压下,欧洲国家社会保障制度中的“去福利化”倾向,已经显现,这对经济和社会,将带来深远影响。

全球经济重心,正在从“北”,向“南”转移。
IMF数据,最近两年,新兴和发展中经济体,对全球经济增长的贡献度,从过去的30%,升至60%多,经济总量占比,从30%,升至一半多。

大趋势,拥有30亿人口的新兴市场,正成为全球增长和需求的主导力量。
科勒公司全球畅销的高端“智能”马桶上,几项主要功能,就是来自中国市场的“灵感”。这也许算是一个有趣的注脚。

随着主权和私人资本的壮大,中国。巴西等国家开始成为全球新的资本输出地。

 在国际货币体系中,欧元的结构性问题已经凸显,美元主导的模式又存在重大风险。这些问题被越来越多有识之士谈及,整个体系的改革在推进之中。新兴经济体在国际经济治理和改革议程上的话语权和决策权正不断增强。

德国科学政治基金会的亚洲问题专家-格哈茨.威尔

美国学者-柯蒂斯(Lisa Curtis)
 
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《美国顶尖1%的富人的收入,远低于2007年, 时间:2011-12-13,美国联邦政府税务资料,位在金字塔顶端的1%的高收入阶层,2009年,收入占全国比率降,低至17%,远低于2007年的23%。》有一个想法

  1. America’s top 1% of the income of the rich, well below the 2007 time :2011 -12-13, the U.S. federal government tax information, located in the top of the pyramid of 1% of the high-income group, 2009, revenue in the national rate down , as low as 17%, well below 23% in 2007.

    The average income of top income groups in 2009, fell to $ 957,000, much less $ 1.4 million in 2007.
    “The New York Times,” analysts say, the rich revenues shrink, guided by the stock market, in 2008, during the collapse of the financial crisis, securities asset value, and dividends, are underperforming. However, in 2010, Wall Street rally, the net assets of the rich, may rise again.
    This year, leaving vigorous “occupation of Wall Street” campaign is to focus on that 1% of the rich, and promote the trend, making the economic equality, as street protests and political debate.

    University of Chicago (University of Chicago) School of Business Economists – Kaplan (Steven Kaplan)

    U.S. Internal Revenue Service data analysis, this annual income of the wealthy 1%, and the stock market performance is closely associated with globalization in the United States caused by the financial industry is booming, growing businesses, and corporate executives in the financial markets, the first to be carved up, the economy growth makes the stock market boom, but, the bottom of society who can not enjoy the fruits grow, widening wealth gap.

    Taking into account inflation adjusted, 2009, the top 1% of the average income in high-income population, below the 1998 level, but still much higher than in 1990, $ 662,000 level.

    In contrast, after World War II, during the decades, the top 1% of the high-income groups, the average income growth rate, only a little faster than inflation, far and middle-class income growth rate. Thus, from 50 years to 70 years early, uneven distribution of wealth, the situation is slow.

    By 1980, the rich income, the United States accounted for only 10% of total revenue, but then, the gap began to widen. In the 1980s, the United States implemented tax cuts, is considered to be the source of uneven distribution of wealth.

    Chicago Business School economist – Mr. Kaplan

    • Georgetown University economist Harry Holzer believes that in recent years, the rich 1% revenue growth to a large extent, depend on the internal privilege, and does not reflect the development of productive forces. High-income real source of income, has become a very doubtful thing, “he said.” Increase their income, for middle-income Americans, causing damage. ”
    “Increasingly the world income inequality, and the United States far less serious,” he said.

    Wall Street critics said the occupation movement, revenue growth of 1% rich people show concern for income inequality has been reduced.

    • Obama administration officials before Jared Bernstein said, income inequality has soared to new highs. Bernstein said: “If you think that income inequality has been solved in the 21st century, you will prove to be extremely wrong.”

    1% of America’s richest income rebounded in 2010; most analysts doubt whether they had returned to its 2007 peak, because the stock market was still lower than about 20%. Mr. Kaplan believes that new restrictions on Wall Street will continue to make the rich revenues, lower than the level of the year.

    November 30 to December 2, three-day visit to Myanmar, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, World, U.S., political, economic, and military-round; Myanmar, Southeast Asia, a key national strategic geography.
    December 1, Hillary Clinton in the Myanmar capital Naypyidaw, and Wu Dengsheng President and other senior officials meeting, the night, to the former capital Yangon, Myanmar National League for Democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi met. Dinner, Hillary Clinton to the Burmese democracy movement leader handed President Obama a personal letter, demanding that Burma’s transition to democracy, protecting human rights and promote reform, there must be tangible results. Hillary in the end of the meeting, told Aung San Suu Kyi, said the United States is closely watching the developments in Myanmar, to ensure that military-backed civilian government – will not stop all the political and economic reforms, will not turn back.
    As a gift, Hillary carry a $ 1.2 million in gifts to give to the Government of Myanmar; her statement: “The money should be used to support social reforms in Myanmar.”
    The Associated Press reported that Clinton’s talks with Wu Dengsheng, mainly related to Myanmar recently adopted reform and opening up measures, the United States concerned about Myanmar’s future development and other issues. Hillary for fear of the 120 million was diverted for other purposes, repeatedly stressed that “there is more need of reform in Myanmar,” urged Myanmar to release all political prisoners, and so on.
    British “Daily Telegraph” and for the first time set foot on land in Myanmar Hillary, very cautious, 50 years of no contact, how to make her call on the Myanmar issue and daring, she feared offending the Government of Myanmar, the impact effect of the visit, Members do not want to annoy the United States, during the visit, using an old name of Myanmar “Burma”, more often, to Myanmar as “this country.”
    Clinton repeated statement: “The U.S. engagement with Myanmar; Hillary’s visit to Myanmar, Myanmar is truly want to help bail out, to prosperity, for example, Hillary never let go – to lift the sanctions on Burma.

    2011 ‘the world into the “era of big debt” – debt! Debt! Debt!
    British writer John Lanchester in his latest book, the issue exclaimed: The world entered the “era of big debt.”

    Because of financial and credit superstition, by the old but also new, the concept of debt sustainability, was prevalent. Unfortunately, the economic life cycle of debt “perpetual motion machine” hard to find. In just the second decade of the 21st century, the occasion, it was found that the risk of financial crisis set off, not eliminate, but the losses from the private sector, the burden shifted to the national level.
    Europe’s heavy emergency fire-fighting, the United States re-stimulate the growth of emerging markets hedge weight, support the market situation has been demonstrated.

    Lured by 2011 debt, Greece entered first seven crunch. Greece is a microcosm of the debt crisis, debt crisis in Europe is the world’s economy, “keywords.” From Iceland, the Irish banking system, the risk signs of exposure to the risk of the outbreak of the Greek debt down, then, Portugal, Spain bond market, were affected; November, Italy and France sovereign credit, has been questioned. European debt crisis can be described as startling step by step, layer upgrade. In early December, Standard & Poor’s credit rating will be 15 European government bonds, all included in the “credit watch negative” list.
    Forced by the market in the process, many euro countries, liquidity, debt repayment ability and economic fundamentals are different degrees of difficulty. European debt problem “split the east wall, up the Western Wall,” to attend to the vicious circle, as the eyes of almost all analysts, in 2012, the most important global risk.

    Across the ocean – the birthplace of the U.S. financial crisis, the same “debt pressure as a mountain.” Data showed the U.S. public debt balance to $ 1.5 trillion, with annual gross domestic product (GDP) of similar size. As of the end of September 2011 in the fiscal year, the U.S. federal government budget deficit, approaching $ 1.3 trillion, a record for three consecutive years, breaking the record of trillions of dollars. Official forecast, the next 10 years, the U.S. budget deficit, will net about $ 3.5 trillion.

    This year, the emerging economies, the overall debt situation is better, is still abundant treasury, tax active.
    International Monetary Fund (IMF) data show that in 2007, to 2010, the developed economies, sovereign debt balance to GDP ratio, from 73% to 96% increase
    Emerging and developing economies, remained at around 36%.
    2015, the former, will rise to 106%; the latter is expected to drop to 30%.

    The world economy “is witnessing an economic climate change” – UBS Wealth Management Research Asia-Pacific head of Pu Yong-ho in the hands of “2012 Global Outlook” report wording.

    The United Nations announced in December the “2012 World Economic Situation and Outlook” report, some of the major developed economies, the risk of a relapse into recession, are increasing, and drag other countries economic growth. For the world has become a growing source of power in China, how to prevent the risk of old and new, to maintain growth momentum and improve the quality of growth, is a global topic.

    The parties believe that Asia and other regions of the emerging economies, the world economy in 2012 will be the “growth oasis.”

    Padoan, chief economist at the OECD forecast: growth in emerging economies, or slow down, but not too serious, then, should the use of external pressure to bring the situation to further promote structural adjustment, enhanced economic flexibility.

    Logan, chief U.S. economist at HSBC, freely about the current situation, when asked about the “financial crisis three years ago, American life, whether there any major turning point?” At this time, his tone depressed down. “Employment, income … … in a word, people’s views on the future, not the same.”

    In the end, former U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson, sitting in the Central Business District in Beijing, China hotel conference room, excitedly told reporters about his days in China, the central city of the inspection, exciting experience.
    In the U.S., under the consumer credit expansion, and promote growth patterns are changing. Paulson talked about the U.S. economy there is a structural problem. Over-indebtedness, exist in families, businesses and governments at various levels. Middle class income, no significant growth for many years, the widening gap between rich and poor. How to promote reform in the United States faces enormous challenges.
    Goldman Sachs in 2008, 2012, review of U.S. economic growth and forecast, personal consumption spending, growth is limited, government spending, subject to constraints; export contribution to growth, is increasing. In the economic policy level, Obama’s recent repeat the “new nationalism”, revealing the tendency to further strengthen the government forces, and with the traditional neo-liberal concept of divergence.

    In Europe, the deficiencies in the design of the euro, leading to the outbreak of the European debt risk concentration. In the recently concluded EU summit, EU countries have decided to give up by modifying the “Lisbon Treaty”, to strengthen financial discipline, choosing instead to a separate treaty to promote the euro area, the financial integration forward. Under the weight of financial burden, the European national social security system “to benefit” of the tendency, already apparent, for the economy and society, will bring far-reaching impact.

    Global economic center of gravity, is from the “North”, the “South” transfer.
    IMF data, the last two years, emerging and developing economies, the contribution of global economic growth, 30% from the past, rose to 60 percent, accounting for the total economy, from 30 per cent to more than half.

    Trend, with 30 billion people in emerging markets, global growth and demand is becoming a dominant force.
    Kohler’s worldwide best-selling high-end “smart” toilet, several key features, is from the Chinese market, “inspiration.” This may be an interesting footnote.

    With the growth of sovereign and private capital, China. Brazil and other countries started to become a global exporter of new capital.

    In the international monetary system, the euro has highlighted the structural problems, the dollar-dominated model and there are significant risks. These issues are discussed more and more insight, the reform of the entire system into in advance. Emerging economies in international economic governance and reform agenda of discourse and decision-making is growing.

    German Science Foundation’s Asian political expert – Geha Ci. Will

    American scholars – Curtis (Lisa Curtis)

    Since June 2006, there have been evacuated more than 7,000 private enterprises in Shanghai, which are Zhejiang entrepreneurs, its headquarters moved to Hangzhou and Hong Kong …

    University of Leicester (University of Leicester), a sociologist – Dr. David Bartram (Dr David Bartram)

    California by the U.S. scholar Richard Stirling (Richard Easterlin)

    English, English, automatic translation by Google; Google English; Google English; in Chinese shall prevail;
    From: http://www.billionairesParty.com http://www.billionairesGroup.com http://www.billionairesdesire.com http://www.helicoptersbuyers.com helicopter Commonwealth Marketing Group, Inc. Chairman of the Board: Mr. George Chen = Mr.Geoorge S. Chen: 1779642876@qq.com; george13901623260@163.com; chensihong1961@126.com; QQ: 1779642876 my own, only accept mobile phone text messages (0086-13901623260);
    All my business partner, please contact with me every mail; potential purchase of European and American helicopter makers, you must issue a certificate of bank credit; if the buyer does not RMB 3,999,999 or more large certificates of deposit, please do not disturb, thank you Europe famous helicopter purchase, please fill in a form: name, budget, business cards, unit address, phone number, box number, QQ number, purpose, location, flight kilometers requirements, whether private helicopter driving license …
    http://1779642876.qzone.qq.com

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