WTO accession negotiations, the soybean tariff to 3%, exports to China from the year from 1 million to 2 million tons of soybean imports more than 5,000 each year into tons, soybean production has been some impact. From another perspective, soybean imports nearly five million acres of land savings and the corresponding water, which is still pros and cons. More importantly, the accession to the WTO to promote domestic reform and opening up, promote China’s gradual transition from the policy of opening up to the system of open. Typically, issues such as trade management rights, in the past, by the state foreign trade monopoly, and now, private enterprises have become the main force of China’s foreign trade is one of the three.
At present, China’s exports accounted for about 10% of the world; anti-dumping cases against China accounts for a third of the world, anti-subsidy cases accounted for a half, friction products from low to high-end extension. It should be noted that at present, trade frictions involving roughly $ 10 billion annually within less than 0.5% of total exports that year, are controllable range.
10 years, China’s general tariff level from 15.3% to 9.8%, to meet and exceed the World Trade Organization for developing countries. China’s service sector trade liberalization to 100, close to the level of developed countries.
Revised laws and regulations to carry out large-scale clean-up work, clearing the central government of laws, regulations and departmental rules and regulations more than 2,300 pieces, the local government clean-up local policies and regulations were more than 190,000 pieces.
10 years, China’s global trade in goods increased ranking from sixth to second place, which ranked first in exports and imports totaled $ 7.5 trillion; cumulative foreign direct investment $ 759.5 billion, ranking developing countries first; foreign direct investment more than 40% annual growth in 2010 reached $ 68.8 billion, ranking fifth in the world. China imported an average of $ 750 billion in goods, trade partners for the creation of a large number of jobs and investment opportunities. Total foreign-invested enterprises in China remitted profits of $ 261.7 billion, an average annual increase of 30%.
Over the past 10 years, the total foreign aid to provide more than 1,700 kinds billion yuan, remove the 50 heavily indebted poor countries and least developed countries, nearly 30 billion yuan of debt maturity, commitment to the establishment of diplomatic relations with China, 97% of the least developed countries of tariff lines of products to give zero-tariff treatment to 173 developing countries and 13 international organizations, regional training more than 60,000 types of personnel, and enhance self-development capacity in recipient countries.
Decades, China has gradually expanded agriculture, manufacturing and services market access, reduction in import tariff rates, the abolition of all import quotas, licensing, and other non-tariff measures, full liberalization of foreign trade rights, dramatically reducing the access threshold for foreign investment . For example, general tariff level from 15.3% to 9.8%, well below the average level of developing countries; service sector trade liberalization to 100, close to the level of developed countries.
Decade, China’s major trading partners, the U.S. and Japan to get permanent MFN status, trade in goods increased by 4.8 times from the sixth to the second world, the world’s fastest growth rate for the same period, exports have jumped to first place, the average annual contribution to national economic growth rate of 20%, trade in services also increased by 4 times; cumulative foreign direct investment $ 759.5 billion, a continuous ranking first in developing countries, more than 490 Fortune 500 located in China, total R & D centers in China more than 1,400, more than in 2001 nearly doubled; foreign direct investment more than 40% annual growth in 2010 over $ 68.8 billion, accounting for 5.2% of the global flow of the year, ranking fifth in the world, more than Japan British foreign investment and other traditional power.
This “golden years”, China’s global economic ranking from the sixth, the second jump, the average annual revenue increase of nearly 20% of foreign exchange reserves increased by nearly 13 times the total retail sales of social consumer goods, an increase of more than four times the per capita GDP , crossed the $ 4,000 mark, among the ranks of middle-income countries.
Get full use of China’s WTO accession agricultural support measures, strengthening the agricultural foundation, expand the export of agricultural products, agriculture did not suffer a serious blow. Decades, agricultural production capacity continues to improve, continue to optimize the structure, grain yield, “Eighth by” the average annual per capita net income growth of 9.6 percent in 2010, the national agricultural trade reached $ 121.96 billion, compared to 2001, growth 3.4-fold, to become the world’s third largest agricultural trading nation. Modest increase in resources of Chinese agricultural imports to make up the gap between supply and demand, easing the pressure on domestic agricultural resource constraints.
The automobile industry, for example, WTO, import cars increases every year, but did not impact. Annual domestic car sales in 2001 only 70 million, in 2010, domestic sales of basic passenger vehicles 9.49 million, of which the car market own-brand cars accounted for 30.9%; export 180,000 cars, up 76%. The domestic auto industry restructuring wave after another, in 2010 four years, SAIC and other sales-scale enterprises account for more than 2 million total vehicle sales of 62.1%. All the multinational auto giants, are reaching out to domestic enterprises, China’s auto market, fully cultivate. Geely, Chery, BYD and a number of independent brands have sprung up everywhere, the Volvo company, the domestic auto industry to become an important symbol of a door. At present, China has the world’s largest car sales country.
Automotive industry in 2010, the country’s industrial added value of 16 trillion yuan, compared to 2001, an increase of nearly 2.7 times the number of industrial enterprises above designated size, decades, from 18 million, more than 30 million development. Global 500 list, the Chinese mainland enterprises, accounts for 61 seats, compared to 2001, increasing 50, has three top ten.
The beginning of accession to the WTO, China’s banking sector has been asserted that “technically bankrupt”, in fact, opening up the domestic financial sector in the big “cake” and eat more share to the end of 2010, total banking assets, 95.3 trillion yuan, assets of good banks profit margin to reach the international level, significantly improved ability to resist risks, is the world’s top ten banks list of the “regulars”, Industrial and Commercial Bank won the “most profitable bank”; China’s insurance industry has total assets of more than 2001 year, an increase of 10 times, China Life, Ping, etc. turned “predators.” The same period, foreign banks and foreign insurance company’s market share is only 2% and 4.4% each. The influx of foreign capital also contributed to the reform of state-owned banks and financial innovation. This positive effect is also found in telecommunications, retail, tourism, brokerage, securities and other fields.
Since joining the WTO, China’s average annual import growth of about 20% 2001-2010, total imports of goods expanded by about 5 times the proportion of the world increased 9.1% from 3.8%. Decades, China’s annual average of $ 750 billion in merchandise imports, equivalent to about 14 million trading partners to create jobs. On the other hand, inexpensive Chinese goods also benefit foreign consumers generally, according to statistics, the import of Chinese goods, U.S. consumers over the past 10 years, a total savings of more than 6000 million; EU per family, per year savings costs € 300. In the “most difficult” in 2009, down 12.9 percent of global trade, China’s imports rose 2.8%, is the only major economy showed positive growth in imports of the country, the world’s second largest importer.
China in accordance with WTO commitments, to improve foreign investment industrial policies, to optimize the investment environment. Decade, the cumulative foreign-invested enterprises in China remitted profits of $ 261.7 billion, an average annual increase of 30%. In the country’s total foreign trade, the foreign share of 55%. Since 2007, UNCTAD’s annual “most popular investment destination,” the survey, Chinese multinationals successive years as the first choice. The international financial crisis, multinational corporations, lost confidence in China continue to increase plant expansion, it is with some lucrative investment in China, over the hump.
In the “going out” process, China earnestly fulfill their social responsibilities. As of 2010, China’s foreign-invested enterprises to employ local staff of nearly 80 million people each year in local taxes over $ 10 billion.
Accession to the WTO, China has actively under the framework of South-South cooperation, help other developing countries to enhance trade, and enhance self-development capacity, and promote common prosperity. 2007-2010, China’s imports from least developed countries the amount by $ 23.8 billion rose to $ 43.2 billion, and since 2008 has been the least developed countries, the largest export market. Nearly a decade, total foreign aid to provide more than 1,700 kinds billion yuan, eliminating 50 severely affected nearly 300 billion yuan in poor countries debt maturity, commitment to the least developed countries have established diplomatic relations, 97% of the categories of import products, the implementation of zero tariff.
In fact, China is a developing country, per capita GDP, just more than $ 4000
December 11, 2001, China became a WTO member 143.
10 years, China has become the world’s most open markets in the world. Fulfilled all of China’s WTO commitments, general tariff level from 15.3% to 9.8%, well below the average level of developing countries; service sector trade liberalization to 100, close to the level of developed countries.
10 years, in the process of integration into the world economy, China has changed the world economic map. China’s GDP, from 2001, 11 trillion yuan, increased by 2010, nearly 40 trillion yuan, more than tripled; exports increased by 4.9 times, imports increased by 4.7 times, world ranking, from sixth place, jumped into second place.
10 years, China has become a global economic recovery and an important engine for development. China’s annual imports of $ 750 billion in goods, trade partners to create the equivalent of more than 14 million jobs; cheap Chinese goods for foreign consumers to bring tremendous benefits to American consumers, in the past 10 years, saving spending 600 billion dollars; the European Union, every family, saving € 300 per year. China has experienced a “golden years”
“China in the past decade, there have been unparalleled, unprecedented change.” – Former U.S. Trade Representative Charlene Barshefsky
“WTO accession years, in commercial areas, China’s own brand, accounting for more than 95% share of the auto industry received a development spurt.
10 years, total grain production, “Eighth by” 3.4 times the volume of trade of agricultural products, agricultural products, the world’s third largest trading nation;
– Auto production and sales, from 2 million to $ 18 million, ranking first in the world, production grew by nearly 10 times;
– Domestic and foreign retail giants in the competition, small lamb long, became a “Pleasant”, and foreign investment, there is competition, there are complementary, forming a symbiotic environment … …
10 years, the Chinese people’s living conditions, due to accession to the WTO has undergone profound changes: more and more expensive cars, mobile phones more and more intelligent, more and more valuable renminbi, the Chinese people travel abroad more and more tourist destinations from 17 to the present more than 130 countries and regions – for the Chinese people’s spirit of open and more self-confident, self-confident and more open for … …
China’s Permanent Mission WTO ambassador, said Yi Xiaozhun, China’s accession to the WTO for 10 years, is the best economic development, the fastest of the “golden years”, China’s foreign trade is most active, as among the world’s largest trading nation, position in the world economy has been ignored.
“WTO’s core values, the performance of three aspects: First, is to improve the international status; second is to improve the development of the external environment; third, is to promote domestic reform and opening up.” China’s WTO chief negotiator Long Yong Tu said.
Years, “Without China’s WTO is not a world trade organization, and only half of the world.” – Mike Moore, former Director General of the WTO
Accession to the WTO for 10 years, is China’s integration into global trade, and actively promote the development of global trade for ten years.
“In 2009, China’s imports grew 2.9%, is the world’s major economies, the only country to maintain growth of imports.”
Department of Commerce international trade negotiations Chong Quan, deputy representative introduced the world’s trade volume declined 12.8% in the case, China’s import value of over $ 1 trillion, the world’s second largest importer, greatly boost the world economy, become an important engine for global economic recovery. In 2010, weak economic recovery in the world, the situation of the global trade slowdown, the Chinese trade in goods imports, more than $ 1.4 trillion, accounting for one-tenth of the world.
UNIDO Director-General 坎德赫尤姆 Keira pointed out that China’s trade-driven growth for other developing countries have a “trickle-down effect.” China highly efficient production system, allowing consumers to affordable prices, access to a variety of consumer goods, indirectly enhance the purchasing power of consumers in developing countries, resulting in poverty reduction effect.
At the same time, multinational companies with investment in China to reap handsome returns. 10 years, foreign-invested enterprises in China, the cumulative profit of $ 261.7 billion remitted, average annual growth of 30%.
目前,中国出口占全球10%左右;针对中国的反倾销案件却占了全球三分之一，反补贴案件占了二分之一，摩擦产品由低端向中高端延伸。应该看到，目前,贸易摩擦涉案金额每年大体在100亿美元以内，占当年出口不到0.5%，属于可控范围以内。 １０年来，中国关税总水平由１５．３％降至９．８％，达到并超过了世界贸易组织对发展中国家的要求。中国服务贸易开放部门达到１００个，接近发达国家水平。 大规模开展法律法规清理修订工作，中央政府共清理法律法规和部门规章２３００多件，地方政府共清理地方性政策和法规１９万多件。 １０年来，中国货物贸易额的全球排名由第六位上升到第二位，其中出口额跃居第一位，进口额累计达到７．５万亿美元；累计吸收外商直接投资７５９５亿美元，居发展中国家首位；对外直接投资年均增长４０％以上，２０１０年达到６８８亿美元、居世界第五位。中国每年平均进口７５００亿美元的商品，为贸易伙伴创造大量就业岗位和投资机会。在华外商投资企业累计汇出利润２６１７亿美元，年均增长３０％。 近１０年,累计对外提供各类援款１７００多亿元人民币，免除５０个重债穷国和最不发达国家近３００亿元人民币到期债务，承诺对同中国建交的最不发达国家９７％的税目的产品给予零关税待遇，为１７３个发展中国家和１３个地区性国际组织培训各类人员６万多名，增强了受援国自主发展能力。 十年来，中国逐步扩大农业、制造业和服务业的市场准入，下调进口产品的关税税率，取消所有进口配额、许可证等非关税措施，全面放开外贸经营权，大幅降低外资准入门槛。比如，关税总水平由15.3%降至9.8%，远低于发展中国家平均水平；服务贸易开放部门达到100个，接近发达国家水平。 十年来，中国在美日等主要贸易伙伴中获得永久最惠国待遇，货物贸易额增长4.8倍，由世界第六升至第二，增速是同期全球最快的，其中出口已跃居第一，对国民经济增长的年均贡献率达20%，服务贸易也增长了4倍多；累计吸收外商直接投资7595亿美元，连续稳居发展中国家首位，全球500强有490多家来华落户，在华设立研发中心累计超过1400家，比2001年增加近1倍；对外直接投资年均增长40%以上，2010年逾688亿美元，占全球当年流量的5.2%，居世界第五，超过日本、英国等传统对外投资大国。 这“黄金十年”，中国的全球经济排名由第六,跃升第二，财政收入年均增幅近20%，外汇储备增长近13倍，全社会消费品零售总额,增长了4倍多，人均GDP,迈过4000美元大关，跻身中等收入国家行列。 农业—— 中国充分利用入世获得的农业支持手段，夯实农业基础地位，扩大优势农产品出口，农业没有遭受严重冲击。十年来，农业综合生产能力不断提高，结构继续优化，粮食产量“八连增”，农民人均纯收入年均增长9.6%以上，2010年,全国农产品贸易额达1219.6亿美元，比2001年,增长3.4倍，成为全球第三大农产品贸易国。中国适度增加资源性农产品进口，弥补了供需缺口，缓解了国内农业资源紧张的压力。 制造业—— 以汽车业为例，入世后，进口汽车逐年增加，但并未造成冲击。国产轿车2001年产销量仅70万辆，2010年,国内基本型乘用车销售达949万辆，其中,自主品牌轿车占轿车市场的30.9%；轿车出口18万辆，同比增长76%。国内汽车业重组浪潮迭起，2010年上汽集团等4家年产销规模逾200万辆的企业占据汽车总销量的62.1%。所有的跨国汽车巨头,都向国内企业伸出橄榄枝，中国汽车市场,得到全面培育。吉利、奇瑞、比亚迪等一批自主品牌企业异军突起，吉利收购沃尔沃公司，成为国内汽车业迈出国门的重要标志。目前,中国已是全球最大的汽车产销国。 汽车业,2010年,全国工业实现增加值16万亿元，比2001年,增长近2.7倍，规模以上工业企业数,十年间,由18万家,发展到30多万家。全球500强榜单里，中国内地企业,已占61席，比2001年,增加50家，有3家进入前十名。 服务业—— 入世之初，中国银行业曾被断言“技术上破产”，实际上，开放后,国内金融业在做大的“蛋糕”中吃到了更多份额，至2010年底，银行业资产总量为95.3万亿元，资产利润率达到国际良好银行水平，抗风险能力显著提升，是全球十大银行榜的“常客”，工商银行荣膺“最赚钱的银行”；中国保险业现有总资产,比2001年,增加了10倍，中国人寿、中国平安等变身“大鳄”。同期，外资银行和外资保险公司的市场份额仅各占2%和4.4%。外资的涌入也促进了国有银行改革和金融创新。这一积极效应同样出现在电信、零售、旅游、中介、证券等领域。 入世以来，中国年均进口增速约20%，2001—2010年,货物进口总额扩大了约5倍，占全球比重从3.8%增至9.1%。十年来，中国每年,平均进口7500亿美元的商品，相当于为贸易伙伴创造约1400万个就业岗位。另一方面，物美价廉的中国商品也使国外消费者普遍受益，据统计，由于进口中国商品，美国消费者,过去10年,共节省开支6000多亿美元;欧盟每个家庭,每年可节省开支300欧元。在“最困难的”的2009年，全球贸易下降12.9%，中国进口增长2.8%，是主要经济体中唯一进口呈现正增长的国家，成为世界第二大进口国。 中国按照入世承诺，完善外资产业政策，不断优化投资环境。十年间在华外商投资企业累计汇出利润2617亿美元，年均增长30%。在全国外贸总额中，外企占比55%。2007年以来联合国贸发会议每年进行的“最受欢迎的投资目的地”调查中，中国连年被跨国公司列为首选。国际金融危机爆发后，跨国公司仍对中国信心不减，继续增资扩厂，有的正是凭借在华投资的丰厚回报,渡过了难关。 在“走出去”过程中，中国切实履行社会责任。截至2010年，中国对外投资企业聘用当地员工近80万人，每年在当地纳税超过100亿美元。 入世后，中国积极在南南合作框架下,帮助其他发展中国家提升贸易水平，增强自主发展能力，促进共同繁荣。2007—2010年，中国从最不发达国家的进口额,由238亿美元升至432亿美元，且2008年以来,一直是最不发达国家第一大出口市场。近十年,累计对外提供各类援款1700多亿元人民币，免除50个重灾穷国近300亿元人民币的到期债务，承诺对已建交的最不发达国家,97%税目的输华产品,实行零关税。 实际上,中国作为一个发展中国家，人均ＧＤＰ,刚刚超过４０００美元 ２００１年１２月１１日，中国成为世贸组织第１４３个成员国。 １０年来，中国已成为全球最开放的市场之一。中国入世承诺全部履行完毕，关税总水平由１５．３％,降至９．８％，远低于发展中国家平均水平；服务贸易开放部门达到１００个，接近发达国家水平。 １０年来，在融入世界经济的进程中，中国改写了世界经济版图。中国国内生产总值,从２００１年,１１万亿元人民币,增至２０１０年,近４０万亿元人民币，增长了两倍多；出口增长了４．９倍，进口增长了４．７倍，世界排名,由第六位,跃升到了第二位。 １０年来，中国成为全球经济复苏和发展的重要引擎。中国年均进口７５００亿美元的商品，相当于为贸易伙伴创造了１４００多万个就业岗位；中国物美价廉的商品,为国外消费者带来了巨大实惠，美国消费者,过去１０年,节省开支６０００多亿美元;欧盟,每个家庭,每年可节省开支３００欧元。中国经历“黄金十年” “中国在过去十年里,发生了举世无双、史无前例的变化。”——美国前贸易代表巴尔舍夫斯基 “入世十年来，在商用车领域，中国的自主品牌,占据了９５％以上份额，汽车业获得了井喷式发展。 １０年来，粮食总产“八连增”，农产品贸易额３．４倍，成为世界第三大农产品贸易国； ——汽车产销量,从２００万辆,增至１８００万辆，跃居世界第一，出品额增长了近１０倍； ——内资零售业在与外资巨头的竞争中,从小羊羔长,成了“喜羊羊”，和外资,有竞争，有互补，形成了共生的生态环境…… １０年来，中国人的生活状态，因加入世贸组织发生了深刻变化：汽车越来越便宜，手机越来越智能，人民币越来越值钱，出国旅游的中国人越来越多，旅游目的地从１７个增加到现在的１３０多个国家和地区——中国人的精神因开放而更加自信，也因自信而更加开放…… 中国常驻世贸组织代表团大使易小准表示，入世１０年对中国来说,是经济发展最好、最快的“黄金十年”，中国对外贸易最为活跃，成为跻身世界前列的贸易大国，在世界经济中的地位,已经不容忽视。 “入世的核心价值,表现为三方面：第一,是提高了国际地位；第二,是改善了发展的外部环境；第三,是以开放促进了国内的改革。”中国入世首席谈判代表龙永图说。 十年来，“没有中国的世贸组织不是世界性的贸易组织，只有半个世界。”——世贸组织前总干事迈克·穆尔 入世１０年，是中国融入全球贸易，积极推动全球贸易发展的十年。 “２００９年，中国的进口量增长２．９％，是世界各主要经济体中唯一进口保持增长的国家。” 商务部国际贸易谈判副代表崇泉介绍，在全球贸易量下降１２．８％的情况下，中国进口值,超过１万亿美元，成为世界第二大进口国，极大地提振了世界经济，成为全球经济复苏的重要引擎。２０１０年，在世界经济复苏乏力、全球贸易趋缓的形势下，中国货物贸易进口额,超过１．４万亿美元，占全球的十分之一。 联合国工业发展组织总干事坎德赫·尤姆凯拉指出，中国的贸易驱动型增长,对其他发展中国家产生了一种“涓滴效应”。中国高效的生产系统,使得消费者能够以承受得起的价格,获得各种消费品，间接提高了发展中国家消费者的购买力，从而产生减轻贫困的效应。 同时，跨国公司凭借在华投资,获取丰厚回报。１０年来，在华外商投资企业,累计汇出利润２６１７亿美元，年均增长３０％。