给与澳大利亚/澳洲-6州-新南威尔士州首府悉尼;昆士兰首府布里斯班;南澳大利亚首府阿德莱德;塔斯马尼亚首府霍巴特;维多利亚首府墨尔本;西澳大利亚首府珀斯;2领地-澳大利亚首都特区首府堪培拉;北领地首府达尔文各位公民,选民,网民,国民,国家和地方各位领袖,领导人,公务员们的信

给与澳大利亚/澳洲-6州-新南威尔士州首府悉尼;昆士兰首府布里斯班;南澳大利亚首府阿德莱德;塔斯马尼亚首府霍巴特;维多利亚首府墨尔本;西澳大利亚首府珀斯;2领地-澳大利亚首都特区首府堪培拉;北领地首府达尔文各位公民,选民,网民,国民,国家和地方各位领袖,领导人,公务员们的信 题目:澳大利亚每个人都感受到了进步… 我,作为一位与澳大利亚第一位女总理/首相同年龄的国际友人,虽然,我从来未曾拥有过选票;但是,我还是深深的感受到:作为每一位澳大利亚国籍人士,是多么地幸福,快乐,好运… 我作为一位国际友人,我看到-澳大利亚第一位女总理领导的工党,每时每刻,都以世界的眼光,胸怀,为了澳大利亚全体人民的未来,女努力工作,操劳,奋斗; 我作为一位国际友人,我看到-澳大利亚正在第一位女总理领导的工党带领下,一步步地落实各项发展计划,在行动 我作为一位国际友人,我看到,并且感受到-澳大利亚第一位女总理带领着工党,深切地关注,倾听反对党的声音,诉求,要求,呼声,努力地调整工党的政策,为了选民的正确诉求,愿望,努力工作; 我作为一位国际友人,我看到-澳大利亚年轻的女性,男青年,每个人,都有了用武之地… 澳大利亚的人们啊,你们是幸运的-你们的女性领导人Julia Gillard是有勇气的,是胸怀大略的,是有世界眼光的,是天赋好运的,她是一位优秀的,一流的战略家,战术家,军事家,政治家,国家管理家,奋斗家,… 国家领袖 国家元首(女王):伊丽莎白二世 政府代表(总督):昆廷·布赖斯 政府首脑(总理):茱莉雅·吉拉德 (Julia Gillard) 澳大利亚政治 位于堪培拉的新国会大厦,在1988年启用 澳大利亚政治体制,是联邦制度,设立一个联邦议会、六个州议会、两个代表理事会(注:首都和北方领地不是州)。国家元首为英国女王和女王的代表澳大利亚总督,后者,依据行政委员会的意见处理政务。名义上,内阁施政必须总督批准,才有法律效力,但,联邦政府总理和其内阁,实际拥有大多数国家权利。 澳大利亚选举是义务投票制,公民年满十八周岁,必须参与投票选举,原住民可以自由选择是否选民登记和投票。 议会有执政党和反对党,大党为澳洲自由党,澳洲国家党和澳大利亚工党。2007年12月,工党领袖陆克文击败前总理自由党领袖霍华德赢得大选。 赞成彻底脱离英联邦独立的声音,来自两个小党-澳洲绿党和澳大利亚民主党。 政府架构-澳大利亚联邦的政体为君主立宪制和内阁制。 现任英国女王伊莉沙白二世是澳大利亚女王及澳大利亚国家元首。 澳大利亚总督代表女王行使权力,有权解散国会,但,实务上,在总理建议下为之。历史上,最著名的宪政危机,发生在1975年。 政府三大体系如下: 立法权:在联邦议会(Parliament)。由上议院(The Senate)、下议院(House of Representatives)组成。 行政权:在内阁。成员有总理、各部会首长和各州州长。总督由内阁提名。 司法权:在最高法院和其他联邦法院、州法院。 下议院目前共150个席位,基本以各个州人口数分配,实行单一选区制。下议院多数党,组成联邦内阁,其党魁,为联邦总理。 上议院具有立法审议权,上议院席位,无关人口数,每州各12席,北方领地和首都特区各只2席,共76席。两院,每三年,改选一次。下议员,任期三年;上议员,任期六年(注:首都和北方领地的上议员任期是三年),故,后者每次只改选半数。 英语,英文,由谷歌自动翻译;谷歌英语;谷歌英文 From: http://www.billionairesParty.com http://www.billionairesGroup.com http://www.billionairesdesire.com http://www.helicoptersbuyers.com 英联邦 直升機銷售集團公司董事局主席:Mr.George Chen = Mr.Geoorge S. Chen : 1779642876@qq.com ; george13901623260@163.com ; chensihong1961@126.com ; QQ: 1779642876 我自己的,只接受短信的手機(0086-13901623260); 我的一切生意夥伴,請與我的各個郵箱聯繫;潛在購買歐美品牌直升機者們,請你務必出具銀行資信證明書;如果購買者沒有RMB 3,999,999以上巨額存款證明書者,請勿打擾,謝謝 歐美名牌直升飛機購買者請填表:姓名,預算額,名片,單位網址,手機號碼,郵箱號碼,QQ號碼,用途,使用地點,飛行公里要求,有否直升機駕駛私照… 美国家庭财富指的是:包括房屋、银行存款与股票等价值,减去诸如抵押贷款和信用卡等债务后的净值。 留美幼童,120名幼童,由中国最早的留美学生容闳倡议,被清政府派遣赴美国。他们坐着蒸汽轮船,一路向东,需要经过25天左右的颠簸。100多年后,他们的后辈,坐着飞机,向西,经巴黎中转,只需30多个小时的飞行。当年,詹天佑他们,都是中途被搞回来了的。这些人…… 刘剑梅,为马里兰大学亚洲与东欧语言文学系教授 在美国国务卿希拉里离开缅甸几小时后,当地的房地产价格开始飙升。继希拉里之后,外国投资者接踵而至,到缅甸寻找商机, 在充满破旧殖民地时期建筑的仰光市中心,一处房产的价格,从150万,涨到了180万美元。 游客和商人的增加,缅甸的酒店住宿费,从去年开始,快速上涨。在当地豪华的海滨酒店(Strand Hotel),最便宜房间的费用,已经从一年前的350美元,涨到了660美元。 作为英国前殖民地,缅甸市场潜力巨大。它拥有丰富的石油、天然气、木材和玉石矿藏,并有可能成为一个重要的稻米和海产品出口国。 中国商务部网站称,缅甸克钦邦迈歪地区,发现迄今缅甸最大金矿。目前,发现的该金矿矿带,自迈歪,延伸到孟邦“风动石”山脚,以及勃固省的东吁市。专家估计-金矿储藏量可开采数百年。该金矿的含金量,为每吨矿石含金320克左右。 蒂姆•王(Tim Wang)今年20岁,他与美国国家乒乓球队内的大多数球员一样,是美国华裔。他出生在得克萨斯州,从移民来美国的父亲那里,学会这项体育运动。 一个“乒乓外交”的时代-美国乒乓球队,于1971年访问了中国, 而后,理查德•尼克松(Richard Nixon)总统,于次年,前往中国。几个月后,中国乒乓球队赴美国访问。 联大主席-纳赛尔 联合国人权高专办对泰国有关“冒犯君主罪”的法律压制言论自由表示关切,2011年12月9日 联合国人权事务高专办发言人沙姆达萨尼(Ravina Shamdasani)表示,泰国近来出现多起“冒犯君主罪”案例,一些被告已经被判处重刑。人权高专办对这些案例对言论自由产生的影响,深感关切。 按照泰国有关法律,任何诽谤、侮辱或威胁国王及其他重要王室成员的行为都构成“冒犯君主罪”,可被判处3年到15年的监禁。最近几个月,已经有多人因此遭到指控或定罪。 12月8日,泰裔美国公民戈登被曼谷刑事法院判处两年半监禁。按照泰国官方的说法,戈登在其个人博克中张贴了一本泰国禁书及其泰文翻译版本,还在网上撰写过涉嫌诽谤泰国王室的文章。 11月23日,泰国法庭判处一名男子20年监禁。他被指控在去年5月向前总理阿披实的私人秘书发送侮辱王室的短信。 UN人权高专办表示,这样严厉的刑事处罚既不必要也不适度,而且违背了该国的国际人权责任。除法庭判决的刑期过分严厉以外,高专办还对被告人在案件开审之前被长期关押感到关切。 UN人权高专办敦促泰国政府修改有关‘冒犯君主罪’的法律,同时向警方和检察官发放指南,要求停止按照这些措辞含混不清的法律逮捕和起诉个人。   国际移民组织总干事-斯温 UN负责人 道主义事务的副秘书长-阿莫斯 联合国儿童基金会发言人-麦卡多 联合国难民署发言人-弗莱明 UN主管维和事务的副秘书长-拉德苏(Hervé Ladsous) 美国国务卿克林顿在网络自由大会上的讲话,2011.12.09 美国国务院发言人办公室,即时发布,2011年12月8日 国务卿希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Rodham Clinton)在网络自由大会(Freedom Online Conference)上的讲话,2011年12月8日 福克尔航站(Fokker Terminal) 荷兰海牙(The Hague, Netherlands) 国务卿克林顿:晚上好。十分高兴再次来到海牙。 外交大臣罗森塔尔(Rosenthal) 埃里克·施密特(Eric Schmit) 新闻自由无极限(Free Press Unlimited)组织负责人利昂·威廉姆斯(Leon Willems) 外交大臣卡尔·比尔特(Carl Bildt) 人权日:皮莱呼吁利用互联网和社交媒体宣传倡导人权,2011年12月09日 联合国人权高级专员皮莱在12月10日“人权日 ” 之际,发表致辞指出,2011年,对人权来说,是不寻常的 一年。突尼斯偏远省份,一个贫穷的年轻人,无法实现的愿望,引起了共鸣,而且,迅速发展成为波澜壮阔的浪潮,最终,在全世界各地,以不同的形式,引起激荡回响。 传播这个全球出人意料之外的觉醒的信息的,不是主要媒体集团的卫星,也不是会议或其他传统手段 ,而是继续不断快速增加的社交媒体。 UN人权高专皮莱在为人权日发表的致辞中说,今天,像以往一样,抗议以及对抗议的镇压,是否能够在世界各地的电视或报纸上报道,取决于编辑和财务因素,也取决于能否采访。但是,无论在什么地方发生,现在,可以保证将会在推特上发言,在脸书上张贴,在Youtube上播出,并在互联网上载。政府不再能够垄断信息的传播,并审查言论。 12月9日,皮莱在纽约东部时间,上午9时30分,主持一项活动,通过不同的社交媒体平台,包括,中文的“微博”,回答世界各地人们提出的关于人权的问题。人权高专办以倒计时方式,在人权日前夕,每天刊载《 世界人权宣言》30项条款的其中一条,并组织在社交媒体平台上,进行相关讨论。 1948年12月10日,联合国大会通过并发表了《 世界人权宣言 》。 1950年,联大决定:将每年的12月10日,定为“世界人权日”。 Give Australia / Australia -6 state – the state capital of Sydney, New South Wales; Queensland, Brisbane, the capital; South Australian capital of Adelaide; the capital of Tasmania, Hobart; capital of Melbourne, Victoria; the capital of Western Australia, Perth; 2 Territory – Canberra, Australian Capital Territory capital city; the Northern Territory capital of Darwin Fellow citizens, voters, Internet users, national, state and local Members leaders, leaders, civil servants who believe Title: Australia, everyone felt the progress … I, as one of Australia’s first female Prime Minister / first international friends the same age, though, I have never owned a vote; but I still feel deeply: every Australian citizenship as a person, how much happy, happy, good luck … I, as an international friends, I see – Australia’s first female Prime Minister of Labour, all the time, all the world’s eyes, mind, the future for all people in Australia, women work hard, physical exertion, struggle; I, as an international friends, I see – the first female Prime Minister of Australia is leading the Labor Party, led step by step implementation of various development projects in action I, as an international friends, I see and feel – Australia’s first female prime minister led the Labour Party, deeply concerned about, listen to the voice of the opposition, demands, requirements, voice, hard to adjust the Labor Party’s policy, in order to voters correct demands, aspirations, hard work; I, as an international friends, I see – the young Australian women, young men, each person has a handy … Australia’s people, ah, you are lucky – you are courageous women leaders Julia Gillard, is the mind of Western Ontario, is the vision of the world, is the gift of good fortune, she is an excellent, excellent strategist , tactician, strategist, politician, state management at home, work at home, … National leaders Head of State (Queen): Queen Elizabeth II Government representatives (the Governor): 昆廷布赖斯 Heads of Government (Prime Minister): Julia Gillard (Julia Gillard) Australian politics New Parliament House in Canberra, opening in 1988 Australia’s political system, the federal system, the establishment of a federal parliament, six state legislatures, two representatives of the Council (Note: not the state capital and the Northern Territory). Head of State is the Queen of England and the Queen on behalf of Australia Governor, who, according to the views of the Executive Committee to handle administrative affairs. Nominally, the Cabinet approved the policy to be the Governor, have the force of law, but the federal government the Prime Minister and his cabinet, most countries actually have the rights. Australian elections is compulsory voting, citizens over 18 years of age, must participate in the vote, indigenous people can freely choose whether voter registration and voting. Parliament has the ruling party and opposition parties, big party for the Australian Liberal Party, National Party of Australia and the Australian Labor Party. In December 2007, Labor Party leader Kevin Rudd defeated the Liberal Party leader, former Prime Minister John Howard win the election. In favor of a clean break with the independent voice of the Commonwealth, from two smaller parties – Australian Greens and Australian Democrats. Government structure – the Australian Federal system of government is constitutional monarchy and cabinet system. The current Queen of England Queen Elizabeth Baier Shi and Australia is the Australian head of state. Australian Governor-General to exercise powers on behalf of the Queen, the right to dissolve parliament, but, practice, whom the Prime Minister’s advice. Historically, the most famous constitutional crisis occurred in 1975. Government three systems are as follows: Legislative power: in the Federal Parliament (Parliament). By the House of Lords (The Senate), House of Commons (House of Representatives) composition. Executive power: in the cabinet. Members of the Prime Minister, heads of ministries and state governors. The Governor nominated by the Cabinet. Jurisdiction: the Supreme Court and other federal courts, state courts. A total of 150 seats in the House of Commons now, the basic distribution of population in each state, the implementation of single-member district system. The majority party in the House of Commons to form the Federal Cabinet, the party leader, as the federal prime minister. Legislative consideration of the House of Lords has the right to seats in the House of Lords, the number of unrelated people, each with 12 seats each state, the Northern Territory and the Capital Territory of only 2 seats, 76 seats. Houses, every three years, re-election once. Members under the term of three years; the Members term of six years (Note: on the capital and the Northern Territory’s term of office is three years), so the latter half of a time re-election. English, English, automatic translation by Google; Google English; Google in English From: http://www.billionairesParty.com http://www.billionairesGroup.com http://www.billionairesdesire.com http://www.helicoptersbuyers.com Commonwealth Marketing Group, Inc. helicopter Chairman of the Board: Mr.George Chen = Mr.Geoorge S. Chen: 1779642876@qq.com; george13901623260@163.com; chensihong1961@126.com; QQ: 1779642876 I own only accept mobile phone text messages (0086-13901623260); All my business partner, please contact with me every mail; potential purchase of European and American helicopter makers, you must issue a certificate of bank credit; if the buyer does not RMB 3,999,999 or more large certificates of deposit, please do not disturb, thank you European and American brands helicopter purchase, please fill in a form: name, budget, business cards, unit address, phone number, box number, QQ number, purpose, location, flight kilometers requirements, whether private helicopter driving license … U.S. household wealth means: including housing, such as bank deposits and stock value, less such as mortgages and credit cards after net debt. Children living in America, 120 children, living in America by the Chinese student Yung Wing, the first initiative, the Qing government sent to the United States. They sit and steam ships, all the way east, about 25 days to go through the bumps. 100 years later, their descendants, sitting aircraft, west transit via Paris, just 30 hours of flight. That year, Represented they are halfway back to being engaged. These people … … Liu Jianmei, Asia and Eastern Europe for the University of Maryland Professor, Department of Language and Literature U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to leave Myanmar in a few hours, the local real estate prices began to soar. Following Clinton, the foreign investors followed, to seek business opportunities in Myanmar, Full of old colonial architecture in the downtown Yangon, the price of a property, from 1.5 million, rose to $ 1.8 million. The increase in tourists and businessmen, hotel accommodation in Myanmar since last year, to rise rapidly. Luxury waterfront hotel in the local (Strand Hotel), the cheapest room costs, are $ 350 from a year ago, rose to $ 660. As a former British colony, Burma market has great potential. It is rich in oil, gas, wood and jade mines, and may become an important exporter of rice and seafood. Chinese Ministry of Commerce website, Myanmar Keqinbangmai distorted region, Myanmar’s largest gold mine found so far. At present, the discovery of the gold belt, since the step crooked, extends to the Mon “wind-driven rock ‘foot, and Bago East called on the city. Experts estimate – gold reserves can be mined for hundreds of years. The gold content of gold, 320 grams gold per tonne of ore is about. • Tim King (Tim Wang) 20-year-old, he and most of the U.S. national table tennis players within the team, is Chinese American. He was born in Texas, from immigration to the United States, his father, learned the sport. A “ping pong diplomacy” era – the United States table tennis team visited China in 1971, then, Richard • Nixon (Richard Nixon) president the following year, went to China. A few months later, the Chinese table tennis team to visit the United States. General Assembly President – Nasser United Nations OHCHR in Thailand on “the crime of offending the monarch,” expressed concern about the legal suppression of free speech, December 9, 2011 United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Office spokesman 沙姆达萨尼 (Ravina Shamdasani) that appeared more recently in Thailand from the “crime of offending the monarch” case, some defendants have been sentenced to prison terms. OHCHR in these cases the impact on freedom of expression, of great concern. In accordance with the relevant Thai law, any defamatory, insulting or threatening the king and royal family members of other important act constitutes a “crime of offending the monarch,” may be sentenced to 3 years to 15 years in prison. In recent months, there are already so many people have been charged or convicted. December 8, the Thai-American citizens of Bangkok criminal court sentenced Gordon to be two and a half in prison. In accordance with Thailand’s official statement, Gordon posted his personal blog in a Thai translation of banned books and the Thai version, also written over online Thai royal family allegedly defamatory article. November 23, Thai court sentenced a man to 20 years imprisonment. He was accused in May last year to move the Private Secretary to Prime Minister Abhisit send text messages insulting the royal family. UN OHCHR said, such a severe criminal penalties is neither necessary nor appropriate, and contrary to the country’s international human rights obligations. In addition to court’s sentence too harsh outside, OHCHR has also accused in the case of prolonged detention before trial is concerned. UN OHCHR urged the Thai government to amend the ‘offended monarch crime’ laws, and guidelines issued to police and prosecutors, to stop in accordance with these vague wording of the law to arrest and prosecute individuals. Director-General of the International Organization for Migration – Swain UN official Deputy Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs – Amos UNICEF spokesman – McAdoo more UNHCR spokesman – Fleming UN Peacekeeping Under-Secretary – Ladsous (Hervé Ladsous) U.S. Secretary of State Clinton on the network free speech to the Congress, 2011.12.09 U.S. State Department Office of the Spokesman For Immediate Release, December 8, 2011 Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (Hillary Rodham Clinton) in the network free of the General Assembly (Freedom Online Conference) Speech, December 8, 2011 Fokker Terminal (Fokker Terminal) The Hague, Netherlands (The Hague, Netherlands) Secretary of State Clinton: Good evening. Very pleased to once again came to The Hague. Foreign Minister Rosenthal (Rosenthal) Eric Schmidt (Eric Schmit) No limit press freedom (Free Press Unlimited) head of the organization Leone Williams (Leon Willems) Foreign Minister Carl Bildt (Carl Bildt) Human Rights Day: Pillay called for the use of the Internet and social media, human rights advocacy, December 9, 2011 Pillay United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on December 10, “Human Rights Day” on the occasion, delivered a speech that in 2011, human rights, is an unusual year. Tunisia remote province, a poor young man, not the desire to achieve, resonate, and quickly developed into a magnificent wave, eventually, around the world, in different forms, causing agitation response. Spread beyond the world’s unexpected awakening of the information, not a major media group’s satellite, nor is it a meeting or other traditional means, but the continued rapid increase in social media. Pillay, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Day, said in a speech published today, as usual, protest and repression of protests, whether on television or in newspapers around the world report on, depending on editorial and financial factors, also depends on on whether the interview. However, no matter where they occurred, and now, Twitter will be to ensure that spoke, in the face of the book posted, broadcast on Youtube, and upload on the Internet. Government no longer has a monopoly on the dissemination of information and censorship. December 9, Pillay in New York, Eastern time, 9:30, an event hosted by different social media platforms, including, in Chinese the “microblogging”, people around the world to answer questions about human rights. OHCHR in countdown mode, on the eve of Human Rights, published every day, “the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,” one of 30 articles, and organizations in the social media platform, for related discussions. December 10, 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted and issued a “Declaration of Human Rights.” In 1950, the General Assembly decided: to 10 December each year, as the “World Human Rights Day.”

《给与澳大利亚/澳洲-6州-新南威尔士州首府悉尼;昆士兰首府布里斯班;南澳大利亚首府阿德莱德;塔斯马尼亚首府霍巴特;维多利亚首府墨尔本;西澳大利亚首府珀斯;2领地-澳大利亚首都特区首府堪培拉;北领地首府达尔文各位公民,选民,网民,国民,国家和地方各位领袖,领导人,公务员们的信》有2个想法

  1. 澳大利亚工党(英语:The Australian Labor Party, ALP)是澳大利亚的历史最悠久,是最大的政党,创建于1890年代。

    澳大利亚工党被认为是澳大利亚劳工阶层的代表,目前,党领袖是茱莉雅·吉拉德。2007年11月24日,工党在澳大利亚联邦大选中,获得压倒性胜利,结束了原执政党澳大利亚自由党长达11年半的领导局势。

    澳大利亚工党在澳大利亚大部分的省一级政府执政,包括,新南威尔士州、塔斯马尼亚州、昆士兰州、南澳大利亚州、堪培拉首都区及北领地。

    澳大利亚工党是社会党国际成员党。

    2010年6月24日,澳大利亚工党举行领导人选举,茱莉雅·吉拉德(Julia Eileen Gillard)当选新领导人,接替陆克文,出任总理。

    澳大利亚工党(Australian Labor Party)是澳大利亚历史最长的政党。成立于1891 年。该党以民主社会主义为准则,以实现工业、生产、分配和交换的民主社会化和平等、民主、自由与社会合作为其目标。主张在党内实现平等、团结和多数裁决的原则。

    澳洲工党
    党魁 茱莉雅·吉拉德(Julia Eileen Gillard) MP
    总裁 Michael Williamson
    Deputy Leader 韦恩·斯万 MP
    建立 1891年
    总部 161 London Circuit, 堪培拉 ACT 2600
    意识形态 民主社会主义、社会民主主义、社会自由主义、第三条道路
    政治立场 中间偏左
    国际组织 社会党国际
    官方色彩 Red
    众议院 Template:Infobox Political Party/seats
    参议院 Template:Infobox Political Party/seats
    网站
    http://www.alp.org.au/

    中央领导机构是联邦执行委员会。成员以工会集体党员为主体约120万人,另有个人党员5万余人。工会是该党的主要群众基础。

    历史
      
    1910年,工党在联邦议会中获得多数席位。第一次世界大战期间,因征兵问题,党内发生分裂,一些领导人退出。   
    1916~1944年,党内几度发生分裂。   
    1955年,党内部分反对共产主义的党员退出工党,另组澳大利亚民主工党。   1891~1949 年工党曾6次执政。   
    1972年工党执政后,以E.G.惠特拉姆为首的联邦政府,在国内,废除征兵制,并决定从越南撤军。经济上推行福利政策。遏制通货膨胀,利用资源,吸引外资。   
    1977年,大选中失败。   
    1983、1984年再度当政,R.J.L.霍克任总理。   
    80年代末以后,提出私有化计划,但党内对此有争论。   
    1990年9月,举行了全国代表大会特别会议 ,通过了政府提出的澳通信业和航空公司私有化的两项决议。   
    2010年6月24日,澳大利亚工党举行领导人选举,茱莉雅·吉拉德(Julia Eileen Gillard)当选新领导人。

    领袖 1,2,3,…
      
    克里斯·沃森 1901-08(1904年总理)   
    安德鲁·菲舍尔 1908-15(1908-09、1910-13、1914-15年,总理)   
    比利·休斯 1915-16(1915-23年,总理,1916年,被开除党籍)   
    弗兰克·都铎 1916-22   
    马修·查尔顿 1922-28   
    詹姆斯·斯卡林 1928-35(1929-32年,总理)   
    约翰·柯廷 1935-45(1941-45年,总理)   
    班·齐傅礼 1945-51(1945-49年,总理)   
    H·V·伊瓦特 1951-60   
    亚瑟·卡尔韦尔 1960-67   
    高夫·惠特兰 1967-77(1972-75年,总理)   
    比尔·海登 1977-83   
    鲍勃·霍克 1983-91(1983-91年,总理)   
    保罗·基廷 1991-96(1991-96年,总理)   
    比兹利 1996-2001   
    西蒙·克林 2001-03   
    马克·莱瑟姆 2003-05   
    比兹利 2005-2006   
    陆克文 2006-2010 (二次)   
    茱莉雅·吉拉德(Julia Eileen Gillard) 2010-

    澳大利亚
    澳大利亚政府与政治
    澳大利亚联邦政府
    行政部门
    • 英国女皇 (伊丽莎白二世)
    • 总督 (昆廷·布赖斯)
    • 总理-茱莉雅·吉拉德(Julia Eileen Gillard)
    • 内阁
    • 联邦行政会议
    立法机构
    • 澳大利亚国会
    • 参议院
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    • 联邦反对党领袖(托尼·艾伯特)
    • 澳大利亚大选
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    • 众议院选区
    • 2007 · 2010 ·
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    各州、行政区
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    • 各州州长、行政区首长
    地方立法机构
    • 各州、行政区议会
    • 各州、行政区选举制度
    • 首都特区 · 新南威尔士州 · 北领地 ·
    昆士兰州 · 南澳大利亚州 · 塔斯马尼亚州 维多利亚州 · 西澳大利亚州
    地方政府
    澳大利亚各主要政党
    乡村自由党 · 绿党 · 工党 · 自由党 · 国家党 · 家庭第一党

    澳大利亚工党领袖
    1.克里斯·沃森 1901-08(1904年总理)
    2.安德鲁·菲舍尔 1908-15(1908-09、1910-13、1914-15年总理)
    3.比利·休斯 1915-16(1915-23年总理,1916年开除党籍)
    4.弗兰克·都铎 1916-22
    5.马修·查尔顿 1922-28
    6.詹姆斯·斯卡林 1928-35(1929-32年总理)
    7.约翰·柯廷 1935-45(1941-45年总理)
    8.班·齐傅礼 1945-51(1945-49年总理)
    9.H·V·伊瓦特 1951-60
    10.亚瑟·卡尔韦尔 1960-67
    11.高夫·惠特兰 1967-77(1972-75年总理)
    12.比尔·海登 1977-83
    13.鲍勃·霍克 1983-91(1983-91年总理)
    14.保罗·基廷 1991-96(1991-96年总理)
    15.比兹利 1996-2001
    16.西蒙·克林 2001-03
    17.马克·莱瑟姆 2003-05
    18.比兹利 2005-2006 (二次)
    19.陆克文 2006-2010
    20.茱莉雅·吉拉德(Julia Eileen Gillard) 2010-

    澳大利亚工党(Australian Labour Party),成立于1891年,为澳大利亚最大、历史最长的政党,工会会员多为其集体党员,是社会党国际成员党,澳大利亚联邦议会的执政党。

    澳大利亚工党 – 简介
    澳大利亚工党(Australian Labour Party):成立于1891年,为澳洲最大、历史最长的政党,同工会关系密切,工会会员多为其集体党员。自1940年以来,曾11次执政。2007年11月24日,陆克文领导的反对党工党,在澳联邦大选中,以较大优势,击败自由党-国家党执政联盟,时隔11年后,重新执政。

    澳大利亚工党被认为是-澳大利亚劳工界的代表,澳大利亚工党是澳大利亚联邦议会的执政党。

    澳大利亚工党在澳大利亚所有的省一级政府执政,即,新南威尔士州澳大利亚工党,维多利亚州澳大利亚工党,塔斯马尼亚州工党,昆士兰州澳大利亚工党,南澳州澳大利亚工党,西澳州澳大利亚工党,堪培拉首都区澳大利亚工党,及北领地澳大利亚工党。

    澳大利亚工党是社会党国际成员党。

    澳大利亚工党 – 成立历史
    19世纪50年代,澳大利亚各殖民地的议会中,少数议员得到工会的财政支持,但,工会没有组织政党的要求。

    1890年,剪羊毛工和海员罢工的失败,促使工会领导人考虑,建立政党。

    1891年,第7次各殖民地工会代表大会决定:正式成立澳大利亚工党。宣布以“民主社会主义”为准则,以实现工业、生产、分配和交换的民主社会化和平等、民主、自由与社会合作为其目标。主张在党内,实现平等、团结和多数裁决的原则。

    1910年,工党在联邦议会中,获得多数席位。第一次世界大战期间,因征兵问题,党内发生分裂。一些领导人退出。

    1916~1944年,党内几度发生分裂。

    1955年,党内部分反对共产主义的党员,退出工党,另组澳大利亚民主工党。

    1891~1949年,工党曾6次执政。

    1972年,工党执政后,以E.G.惠特拉姆为首的联邦政府。在国内,废除征兵制,并决定从越南撤军。经济上,推行福利政策。遏制通货膨胀,利用资源,吸引外资。

    1977年,大选中,失败。

    1983、1984年,再度当政,R.J.L.霍克任总理。中央领导机构是联邦执行委员会。成员以工会集体党员为主体,约130万人,另有个人党员5万余人。工会是该党的主要群众基础。

    澳大利亚工党 – 历届领袖 1,2,3,…

    克里斯·沃森 1901-08 (1904年总理)

    安德鲁·菲舍尔 1908-15 (1908-09, 1910-13, 1914-15年总理)

    比利·休斯 1915-16 (1915-23年总理, 1916年被开除出党)

    弗兰克·都铎 1916-22

    马修·查尔顿 1922-28

    詹姆斯·斯卡林 1928-35 (1929-32年总理)

    约翰·卡廷 1935-45 (1941-45年总理)

    本·奇夫利 1945-51 (1945-49年总理)

    H·V·伊瓦特 1951-60

    亚瑟·卡尔韦尔 1960-67

    高夫·惠特拉姆 1967-77 (1972-75年总理)

    比尔·海登 1977-83

    鲍勃·霍克 1983-91 (1983-91年总理)

    保罗·基廷 1991-96 (1991-96年总理)

    比兹利 1996-2001

    西蒙·克林 2001-03

    马克·莱瑟姆 2003-05

    比兹利 2005-06 (二次)

    陆克文 2006-2010

    朱莉娅·吉拉德(Julia Eileen Gillard) , 2010年6月24日当选总理。

    英语,英文,由谷歌自动翻译;谷歌英语;谷歌英文 From: http://www.billionairesParty.com http://www.billionairesGroup.com http://www.billionairesdesire.com http://www.helicoptersbuyers.com 英联邦 直升機銷售集團公司董事局主席:Mr.George Chen = Mr.Geoorge S. Chen : 1779642876@qq.com ; george13901623260@163.com ; chensihong1961@126.com ; QQ: 1779642876 我自己的,只接受短信的手機(0086-13901623260); 我的一切生意夥伴,請與我的各個郵箱聯繫;潛在購買歐美品牌直升機者們,請你務必出具銀行資信證明書;如果購買者沒有RMB 3,999,999以上巨額存款證明書者,請勿打擾,謝謝 歐美名牌直升飛機購買者請填表:姓名,預算額,名片,單位網址,手機號碼,郵箱號碼,QQ號碼,用途,使用地點,飛行公里要求,有否直升機駕駛私照… http://1779642876.qzone.qq.com

    Australian Labor Party (English: The Australian Labor Party, ALP) is Australia’s oldest and largest political party, founded in the 1890s.

    Australian Labor Party is considered to be representative of the Australian working class, the current party leader is Julia Gillard. November 24, 2007, the Australian federal election the Labor Party, won a landslide victory over the former ruling party, the Liberal Party of Australia for 11 years and a half leading up to the situation.

    Australian Labor Party in Australia, most of the provincial administration, including, New South Wales, Tasmania, Queensland, South Australia, Canberra, Capital Territory and Northern Territory.

    Australian Labor Party is a Socialist International member parties.

    June 24, 2010, the Australian Labor Party leadership election was held, Julia Gillard (Julia Eileen Gillard) elected a new leader, succeeding Kevin Rudd, as Prime Minister.

    Australian Labor Party (Australian Labor Party) is Australia’s oldest political party. Founded in 1891. Criteria for democratic socialism as party in order to achieve industrial, manufacturing, distribution and exchange of social democracy and equality, democracy, freedom and social cooperation as its target. Advocates in the party to achieve equality, solidarity and the principle of majority decision.

    Australian Labor Party
    Leader Julia Gillard (Julia Eileen Gillard) MP
    President Michael Williamson
    Deputy Leader Wayans Wan MP
    Established in 1891
    Headquarters 161 London Circuit, Canberra ACT 2600
    Ideology of democratic socialism, social democracy, social liberalism, the Third Way
    Political left in the middle
    International organizations, the Socialist International
    Official Color Red
    House Template: Infobox Political Party / seats
    Senate Template: Infobox Political Party / seats
    Website
    http://www.alp.org.au/

    Central leading body is the Federal Executive Council. Members of trade unions as the main mass of about 1.2 million members, while individual members more than 50,000 people. Trade unions are the party’s main mass base.

    History

    In 1910, the Labor Party won the majority in the federal parliament seats. During World War I, due to recruitment problems, the split within the party, some of the leaders of the exit.
    1916 ~ 1944, a split within the party several times.
    In 1955, some opposition party members out of the communist Labour Party, the other group of Australian Democratic Labor Party. 1891 to 1949 was six times the ruling Labour Party.
    , After Labour came to power in 1972, to EG Whitlam led the federal government in the country, abolish conscription, and decided to withdraw its troops from Vietnam. Implementation of welfare policies on the economy. To curb inflation, the use of resources, attract foreign investment.
    In 1977, general election defeat.
    1983,1984 years in power again, RJL Hawke Prime Minister.
    80 years after the end, privatization proposal, but this controversial within the party.
    In September 1990, Congress held a special meeting of the Australian Government through the communications industry and airline privatization of the two resolutions.
    June 24, 2010, the Australian Labor Party leadership election was held, Julia Gillard (Julia Eileen Gillard) elected a new leader.

    Leaders 1,2,3, …

    Chris Watson, 1901-08 (1904 Premier)
    Andrew Fisher 1908-15 (1908-09,1910-13,1914-15, the Prime Minister)
    Billy Hughes, 1915-16 (1915-23, the Prime Minister in 1916, was expelled from the party)
    Frank Tudor 1916-22
    Matthew Charlton 1922-28
    James Scarborough Lin 1928-35 (1929-32, the Prime Minister)
    John Curtin 1935-45 (1941-45, the Prime Minister)
    Classes Qi Fu Li 1945-51 (1945-49, the Prime Minister)
    H · V · Evatt 1951-60
    Arthur Calwell 1960-67
    Gough Whitlam 1967-77 (1972-75, the Prime Minister)
    Bill Hayden 1977-83
    Bob Hawke 1983-91 (1983-91, the Prime Minister)
    Paul Keating 1991-96 (1991-96, the Prime Minister)
    Beazley 1996-2001
    Simon Crean 2001-03
    Mark Latham 2003-05
    Beazley 2005-2006
    Rudd 2006-2010 (second)
    Julia Gillard (Julia Eileen Gillard) 2010 –

    Australia
    Australian Government and Politics
    Australian Federal Government
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    Australia’s major political parties
    Country Liberal Party Green Party Labour Party Liberal Party National Party Family First Party

    Australian Labor Party leader
    1 Chris Watson, 1901-08 (1904 Premier)
    (2) Andrew Fischer 1908-15 (1908-09,1910-13,1914-15, Prime Minister)
    3 Billy Hughes, 1915-16 (1915-23, Prime Minister, expelled from the party in 1916)
    4 Frank Tudor 1916-22
    5 Matthew Charlton 1922-28
    6 James Scarborough Lin 1928-35 (1929-32, Prime Minister)
    7 John Curtin 1935-45 (1941-45, Prime Minister)
    8 classes Qi Fu Li 1945-51 (1945-49, Prime Minister)
    9.H · V · Evatt 1951-60
    10 Arthur Calwell 1960-67
    11 Gough Whitlam 1967-77 (1972-75, Prime Minister)
    12 Bill Hayden 1977-83
    13 Bob Hawke 1983-91 (1983-91, Prime Minister)
    14 Paul Keating 1991-96 (1991-96, Prime Minister)
    15 Beazley 1996-2001
    16 Simon Crean 2001-03
    17 Mark Latham 2003-05
    18 Beazley 2005-2006 (second)
    19 Rudd 2006-2010
    20. Julia Gillard (Julia Eileen Gillard) 2010 –

    Australian Labor Party (Australian Labour Party), founded in 1891, is Australia’s largest and oldest political party, trade union members and more members of their group, the Socialist International member parties, the Australian Federal Parliament of the ruling party.

    Australian Labor Party – Introduction
    Australian Labor Party (Australian Labour Party): Founded in 1891, is Australia’s largest and oldest political party, with close union, union members and more members of their group. Since 1940, has 11 power. November 24, 2007, the opposition Labor Party leader Kevin Rudd, the Australian federal election, by a wide margin, defeating the Liberal Party – National Party coalition, after 11 years, returned to power.

    Australian Labor Party is considered to be – the representative of the labor sector in Australia, the Australian Labor Party is Australia’s Federal Parliament of the ruling party.

    Australian Labor Party in Australia all the provincial level of government power, that is, New South Wales Australian Labor Party, Australian Labor Party in Victoria, Tasmania, the Labor Party, Australian Labor Party in Queensland, South Australia Australian Labor Party, Australian Labor Party in Western Australia, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory Labor Party, Australian Labor Party and the Northern Territory.

    Australian Labor Party is a Socialist International member parties.

    Australian Labor Party – the establishment of historical
    1850s, the Australian Parliament in the colonies, a few members the union’s financial support, but, no political parties, trade union demands.

    In 1890, workers and seamen shearing failure of the strike, prompting union leaders to consider the establishment of political parties.

    In 1891, the 7th Congress of the colonies decided to trade unions: the formal establishment of the Australian Labor Party. Announced that the “democratic socialism” as a criterion in order to achieve industrial, manufacturing, distribution and exchange of social democracy and equality, democracy, freedom and social cooperation as its target. Advocates in the party, the achievement of equality, solidarity and the principle of majority rule.

    In 1910, the Labor Party in the federal parliament, a majority of seats. During World War I, due to recruitment problems, the split within the party. Some leaders of the exit.

    1916 ~ 1944, a split within the party several times.

    In 1955, some anti-communist party members, out of the Labor Party, the other group of Australian Democratic Labor Party.

    1891 to 1949, the ruling Labor Party has six times.

    In 1972, Labour in power, to EG Whitlam-led federal government. In China, the abolition of conscription, and decided to withdraw its troops from Vietnam. Economy, the implementation of welfare policies. To curb inflation, the use of resources, attract foreign investment.

    In 1977, general election, failed.

    In 1983,1984, again in power, RJL Hawke Prime Minister. Central leading body is the Federal Executive Council. Members of the group members as the main trade union, about 130 million individual members and another 50,000 people. Trade unions are the party’s main mass base.

    Australian Labor Party – previous leaders 1,2,3, …

    Chris Watson, 1901-08 (1904 Premier)

    Andrew Fisher 1908-15 (1908-09, 1910-13, 1914-15, Prime Minister)

    Billy Hughes, 1915-16 (1915-23, Prime Minister, was expelled from the party in 1916)

    Frank Tudor 1916-22

    Matthew Charlton 1922-28

    James Scarborough Lin 1928-35 (1929-32, Prime Minister)

    John Curtin 1935-45 (1941-45, Prime Minister)

    The Chifley 1945-51 (1945-49, Prime Minister)

    H · V · Evatt 1951-60

    Arthur Calwell 1960-67

    Gough Whitlam 1967-77 (1972-75, Prime Minister)

    Bill Hayden 1977-83

    Bob Hawke 1983-91 (1983-91, Prime Minister)

    Paul Keating 1991-96 (1991-96, Prime Minister)

    Beazley 1996-2001

    Simon Crean 2001-03

    Mark Latham 2003-05

    Beazley 2005-06 (second)

    Rudd 2006-2010

    Julia Gillard (Julia Eileen Gillard), 2010 年 6 月 24 was elected prime minister.

    English, English, automatic translation by Google; Google English; Google English From: http://www.billionairesParty.com http://www.billionairesGroup.com http://www.billionairesdesire.com http://www.helicoptersbuyers . com helicopter Commonwealth Marketing Group, Inc. Chairman of the Board: Mr.George Chen = Mr.Geoorge S. Chen: 1779642876@qq.com; george13901623260@163.com; chensihong1961@126.com; QQ: 1779642876 my own, only accept the cell phone text messages (0086-13901623260); all my business partner, please contact with me every mail; potential buyers who are American and European brands helicopter, you must issue a certificate of bank credit; if the purchaser is not a huge savings over RMB 3,999,999 certificate, do not disturb, thank you European and American brands helicopter purchase, please fill in a form: name, budget, business cards, unit address, phone number, box number, QQ number, purpose, location, flight kilometers requirements, whether Private helicopter driving license … http://1779642876.qzone.qq.com

    给与澳大利亚/澳洲-6州-新南威尔士州首府悉尼;昆士兰首府布里斯班;南澳大利亚首府阿德莱德;塔斯马尼亚首府霍巴特;维多利亚首府墨尔本;西澳大利亚首府珀斯;2领地-澳大利亚首都特区首府堪培拉;北领地首府达尔文各位公民,选民,网民,国民,国家和地方各位领袖,领导人,公务员们的信 题目:澳大利亚每个人都感受到了进步… 我,作为一位与澳大利亚第一位女总理/首相同年龄的国际友人,虽然,我从来未曾拥有过选票;但是,我还是深深的感受到:作为每一位澳大利亚国籍人士,是多么地幸福,快乐,好运… 我作为一位国际友人,我看到-澳大利亚第一位女总理领导的工党,每时每刻,都以世界的眼光,胸怀,为了澳大利亚全体人民的未来,女努力工作,操劳,奋斗; 我作为一位国际友人,我看到-澳大利亚正在第一位女总理领导的工党带领下,一步步地落实各项发展计划,在行动 我作为一位国际友人,我看到,并且感受到-澳大利亚第一位女总理带领着工党,深切地关注,倾听反对党的声音,诉求,要求,呼声,努力地调整工党的政策,为了选民的正确诉求,愿望,努力工作; 我作为一位国际友人,我看到-澳大利亚年轻的女性,男青年,每个人,都有了用武之地… 澳大利亚的人们啊,你们是幸运的-你们的女性领导人Julia Gillard是有勇气的,是胸怀大略的,是有世界眼光的,是天赋好运的,她是一位优秀的,一流的战略家,战术家,军事家,政治家,国家管理家,奋斗家,… 国家领袖 国家元首(女王):伊丽莎白二世 政府代表(总督):昆廷·布赖斯 政府首脑(总理):茱莉雅·吉拉德 (Julia Gillard) 澳大利亚政治 位于堪培拉的新国会大厦,在1988年启用 澳大利亚政治体制,是联邦制度,设立一个联邦议会、六个州议会、两个代表理事会(注:首都和北方领地不是州)。国家元首为英国女王和女王的代表澳大利亚总督,后者,依据行政委员会的意见处理政务。名义上,内阁施政必须总督批准,才有法律效力,但,联邦政府总理和其内阁,实际拥有大多数国家权利。 澳大利亚选举是义务投票制,公民年满十八周岁,必须参与投票选举,原住民可以自由选择是否选民登记和投票。 议会有执政党和反对党,大党为澳洲自由党,澳洲国家党和澳大利亚工党。2007年12月,工党领袖陆克文击败前总理自由党领袖霍华德赢得大选。 赞成彻底脱离英联邦独立的声音,来自两个小党-澳洲绿党和澳大利亚民主党。 政府架构-澳大利亚联邦的政体为君主立宪制和内阁制。 现任英国女王伊莉沙白二世是澳大利亚女王及澳大利亚国家元首。 澳大利亚总督代表女王行使权力,有权解散国会,但,实务上,在总理建议下为之。历史上,最著名的宪政危机,发生在1975年。 政府三大体系如下: 立法权:在联邦议会(Parliament)。由上议院(The Senate)、下议院(House of Representatives)组成。 行政权:在内阁。成员有总理、各部会首长和各州州长。总督由内阁提名。 司法权:在最高法院和其他联邦法院、州法院。 下议院目前共150个席位,基本以各个州人口数分配,实行单一选区制。下议院多数党,组成联邦内阁,其党魁,为联邦总理。 上议院具有立法审议权,上议院席位,无关人口数,每州各12席,北方领地和首都特区各只2席,共76席。两院,每三年,改选一次。下议员,任期三年;上议员,任期六年(注:首都和北方领地的上议员任期是三年),故,后者每次只改选半数。 英语,英文,由谷歌自动翻译;谷歌英语;谷歌英文 From: http://www.billionairesParty.com http://www.billionairesGroup.com http://www.billionairesdesire.com http://www.helicoptersbuyers.com 英联邦 直升機銷售集團公司董事局主席:Mr.George Chen = Mr.Geoorge S. Chen : 1779642876@qq.com ; george13901623260@163.com ; chensihong1961@126.com ; QQ: 1779642876 我自己的,只接受短信的手機(0086-13901623260); 我的一切生意夥伴,請與我的各個郵箱聯繫;潛在購買歐美品牌直升機者們,請你務必出具銀行資信證明書;如果購買者沒有RMB 3,999,999以上巨額存款證明書者,請勿打擾,謝謝 歐美名牌直升飛機購買者請填表:姓名,預算額,名片,單位網址,手機號碼,郵箱號碼,QQ號碼,用途,使用地點,飛行公里要求,有否直升機駕駛私照… 美国家庭财富指的是:包括房屋、银行存款与股票等价值,减去诸如抵押贷款和信用卡等债务后的净值。 留美幼童,120名幼童,由中国最早的留美学生容闳倡议,被清政府派遣赴美国。他们坐着蒸汽轮船,一路向东,需要经过25天左右的颠簸。100多年后,他们的后辈,坐着飞机,向西,经巴黎中转,只需30多个小时的飞行。当年,詹天佑他们,都是中途被搞回来了的。这些人…… 刘剑梅,为马里兰大学亚洲与东欧语言文学系教授 在美国国务卿希拉里离开缅甸几小时后,当地的房地产价格开始飙升。继希拉里之后,外国投资者接踵而至,到缅甸寻找商机, 在充满破旧殖民地时期建筑的仰光市中心,一处房产的价格,从150万,涨到了180万美元。 游客和商人的增加,缅甸的酒店住宿费,从去年开始,快速上涨。在当地豪华的海滨酒店(Strand Hotel),最便宜房间的费用,已经从一年前的350美元,涨到了660美元。 作为英国前殖民地,缅甸市场潜力巨大。它拥有丰富的石油、天然气、木材和玉石矿藏,并有可能成为一个重要的稻米和海产品出口国。 中国商务部网站称,缅甸克钦邦迈歪地区,发现迄今缅甸最大金矿。目前,发现的该金矿矿带,自迈歪,延伸到孟邦“风动石”山脚,以及勃固省的东吁市。专家估计-金矿储藏量可开采数百年。该金矿的含金量,为每吨矿石含金320克左右。 蒂姆•王(Tim Wang)今年20岁,他与美国国家乒乓球队内的大多数球员一样,是美国华裔。他出生在得克萨斯州,从移民来美国的父亲那里,学会这项体育运动。 一个“乒乓外交”的时代-美国乒乓球队,于1971年访问了中国, 而后,理查德•尼克松(Richard Nixon)总统,于次年,前往中国。几个月后,中国乒乓球队赴美国访问。 联大主席-纳赛尔 联合国人权高专办对泰国有关“冒犯君主罪”的法律压制言论自由表示关切,2011年12月9日 联合国人权事务高专办发言人沙姆达萨尼(Ravina Shamdasani)表示,泰国近来出现多起“冒犯君主罪”案例,一些被告已经被判处重刑。人权高专办对这些案例对言论自由产生的影响,深感关切。 按照泰国有关法律,任何诽谤、侮辱或威胁国王及其他重要王室成员的行为都构成“冒犯君主罪”,可被判处3年到15年的监禁。最近几个月,已经有多人因此遭到指控或定罪。 12月8日,泰裔美国公民戈登被曼谷刑事法院判处两年半监禁。按照泰国官方的说法,戈登在其个人博克中张贴了一本泰国禁书及其泰文翻译版本,还在网上撰写过涉嫌诽谤泰国王室的文章。 11月23日,泰国法庭判处一名男子20年监禁。他被指控在去年5月向前总理阿披实的私人秘书发送侮辱王室的短信。 UN人权高专办表示,这样严厉的刑事处罚既不必要也不适度,而且违背了该国的国际人权责任。除法庭判决的刑期过分严厉以外,高专办还对被告人在案件开审之前被长期关押感到关切。 UN人权高专办敦促泰国政府修改有关‘冒犯君主罪’的法律,同时向警方和检察官发放指南,要求停止按照这些措辞含混不清的法律逮捕和起诉个人。   国际移民组织总干事-斯温 UN负责人 道主义事务的副秘书长-阿莫斯 联合国儿童基金会发言人-麦卡多 联合国难民署发言人-弗莱明 UN主管维和事务的副秘书长-拉德苏(Hervé Ladsous) 美国国务卿克林顿在网络自由大会上的讲话,2011.12.09 美国国务院发言人办公室,即时发布,2011年12月8日 国务卿希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Rodham Clinton)在网络自由大会(Freedom Online Conference)上的讲话,2011年12月8日 福克尔航站(Fokker Terminal) 荷兰海牙(The Hague, Netherlands) 国务卿克林顿:晚上好。十分高兴再次来到海牙。 外交大臣罗森塔尔(Rosenthal) 埃里克·施密特(Eric Schmit) 新闻自由无极限(Free Press Unlimited)组织负责人利昂·威廉姆斯(Leon Willems) 外交大臣卡尔·比尔特(Carl Bildt) 人权日:皮莱呼吁利用互联网和社交媒体宣传倡导人权,2011年12月09日 联合国人权高级专员皮莱在12月10日“人权日 ” 之际,发表致辞指出,2011年,对人权来说,是不寻常的 一年。突尼斯偏远省份,一个贫穷的年轻人,无法实现的愿望,引起了共鸣,而且,迅速发展成为波澜壮阔的浪潮,最终,在全世界各地,以不同的形式,引起激荡回响。 传播这个全球出人意料之外的觉醒的信息的,不是主要媒体集团的卫星,也不是会议或其他传统手段 ,而是继续不断快速增加的社交媒体。 UN人权高专皮莱在为人权日发表的致辞中说,今天,像以往一样,抗议以及对抗议的镇压,是否能够在世界各地的电视或报纸上报道,取决于编辑和财务因素,也取决于能否采访。但是,无论在什么地方发生,现在,可以保证将会在推特上发言,在脸书上张贴,在Youtube上播出,并在互联网上载。政府不再能够垄断信息的传播,并审查言论。 12月9日,皮莱在纽约东部时间,上午9时30分,主持一项活动,通过不同的社交媒体平台,包括,中文的“微博”,回答世界各地人们提出的关于人权的问题。人权高专办以倒计时方式,在人权日前夕,每天刊载《 世界人权宣言》30项条款的其中一条,并组织在社交媒体平台上,进行相关讨论。 1948年12月10日,联合国大会通过并发表了《 世界人权宣言 》。 1950年,联大决定:将每年的12月10日,定为“世界人权日”。 Give Australia / Australia -6 state – the state capital of Sydney, New South Wales; Queensland, Brisbane, the capital; South Australian capital of Adelaide; the capital of Tasmania, Hobart; capital of Melbourne, Victoria; the capital of Western Australia, Perth; 2 Territory – Canberra, Australian Capital Territory capital city; the Northern Territory capital of Darwin Fellow citizens, voters, Internet users, national, state and local Members leaders, leaders, civil servants who believe Title: Australia, everyone felt the progress … I, as one of Australia’s first female Prime Minister / first international friends the same age, though, I have never owned a vote; but I still feel deeply: every Australian citizenship as a person, how much happy, happy, good luck … I, as an international friends, I see – Australia’s first female Prime Minister of Labour, all the time, all the world’s eyes, mind, the future for all people in Australia, women work hard, physical exertion, struggle; I, as an international friends, I see – the first female Prime Minister of Australia is leading the Labor Party, led step by step implementation of various development projects in action I, as an international friends, I see and feel – Australia’s first female prime minister led the Labour Party, deeply concerned about, listen to the voice of the opposition, demands, requirements, voice, hard to adjust the Labor Party’s policy, in order to voters correct demands, aspirations, hard work; I, as an international friends, I see – the young Australian women, young men, each person has a handy … Australia’s people, ah, you are lucky – you are courageous women leaders Julia Gillard, is the mind of Western Ontario, is the vision of the world, is the gift of good fortune, she is an excellent, excellent strategist , tactician, strategist, politician, state management at home, work at home, … National leaders Head of State (Queen): Queen Elizabeth II Government representatives (the Governor): 昆廷布赖斯 Heads of Government (Prime Minister): Julia Gillard (Julia Gillard) Australian politics New Parliament House in Canberra, opening in 1988 Australia’s political system, the federal system, the establishment of a federal parliament, six state legislatures, two representatives of the Council (Note: not the state capital and the Northern Territory). Head of State is the Queen of England and the Queen on behalf of Australia Governor, who, according to the views of the Executive Committee to handle administrative affairs. Nominally, the Cabinet approved the policy to be the Governor, have the force of law, but the federal government the Prime Minister and his cabinet, most countries actually have the rights. Australian elections is compulsory voting, citizens over 18 years of age, must participate in the vote, indigenous people can freely choose whether voter registration and voting. Parliament has the ruling party and opposition parties, big party for the Australian Liberal Party, National Party of Australia and the Australian Labor Party. In December 2007, Labor Party leader Kevin Rudd defeated the Liberal Party leader, former Prime Minister John Howard win the election. In favor of a clean break with the independent voice of the Commonwealth, from two smaller parties – Australian Greens and Australian Democrats. Government structure – the Australian Federal system of government is constitutional monarchy and cabinet system. The current Queen of England Queen Elizabeth Baier Shi and Australia is the Australian head of state. Australian Governor-General to exercise powers on behalf of the Queen, the right to dissolve parliament, but, practice, whom the Prime Minister’s advice. Historically, the most famous constitutional crisis occurred in 1975. Government three systems are as follows: Legislative power: in the Federal Parliament (Parliament). By the House of Lords (The Senate), House of Commons (House of Representatives) composition. Executive power: in the cabinet. Members of the Prime Minister, heads of ministries and state governors. The Governor nominated by the Cabinet. Jurisdiction: the Supreme Court and other federal courts, state courts. A total of 150 seats in the House of Commons now, the basic distribution of population in each state, the implementation of single-member district system. The majority party in the House of Commons to form the Federal Cabinet, the party leader, as the federal prime minister. Legislative consideration of the House of Lords has the right to seats in the House of Lords, the number of unrelated people, each with 12 seats each state, the Northern Territory and the Capital Territory of only 2 seats, 76 seats. Houses, every three years, re-election once. Members under the term of three years; the Members term of six years (Note: on the capital and the Northern Territory’s term of office is three years), so the latter half of a time re-election. English, English, automatic translation by Google; Google English; Google in English From: http://www.billionairesParty.com http://www.billionairesGroup.com http://www.billionairesdesire.com http://www.helicoptersbuyers.com Commonwealth Marketing Group, Inc. helicopter Chairman of the Board: Mr.George Chen = Mr.Geoorge S. Chen: 1779642876@qq.com; george13901623260@163.com; chensihong1961@126.com; QQ: 1779642876 I own only accept mobile phone text messages (0086-13901623260); All my business partner, please contact with me every mail; potential purchase of European and American helicopter makers, you must issue a certificate of bank credit; if the buyer does not RMB 3,999,999 or more large certificates of deposit, please do not disturb, thank you European and American brands helicopter purchase, please fill in a form: name, budget, business cards, unit address, phone number, box number, QQ number, purpose, location, flight kilometers requirements, whether private helicopter driving license … U.S. household wealth means: including housing, such as bank deposits and stock value, less such as mortgages and credit cards after net debt. Children living in America, 120 children, living in America by the Chinese student Yung Wing, the first initiative, the Qing government sent to the United States. They sit and steam ships, all the way east, about 25 days to go through the bumps. 100 years later, their descendants, sitting aircraft, west transit via Paris, just 30 hours of flight. That year, Represented they are halfway back to being engaged. These people … … Liu Jianmei, Asia and Eastern Europe for the University of Maryland Professor, Department of Language and Literature U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to leave Myanmar in a few hours, the local real estate prices began to soar. Following Clinton, the foreign investors followed, to seek business opportunities in Myanmar, Full of old colonial architecture in the downtown Yangon, the price of a property, from 1.5 million, rose to $ 1.8 million. The increase in tourists and businessmen, hotel accommodation in Myanmar since last year, to rise rapidly. Luxury waterfront hotel in the local (Strand Hotel), the cheapest room costs, are $ 350 from a year ago, rose to $ 660. As a former British colony, Burma market has great potential. It is rich in oil, gas, wood and jade mines, and may become an important exporter of rice and seafood. Chinese Ministry of Commerce website, Myanmar Keqinbangmai distorted region, Myanmar’s largest gold mine found so far. At present, the discovery of the gold belt, since the step crooked, extends to the Mon “wind-driven rock ‘foot, and Bago East called on the city. Experts estimate – gold reserves can be mined for hundreds of years. The gold content of gold, 320 grams gold per tonne of ore is about. • Tim King (Tim Wang) 20-year-old, he and most of the U.S. national table tennis players within the team, is Chinese American. He was born in Texas, from immigration to the United States, his father, learned the sport. A “ping pong diplomacy” era – the United States table tennis team visited China in 1971, then, Richard • Nixon (Richard Nixon) president the following year, went to China. A few months later, the Chinese table tennis team to visit the United States. General Assembly President – Nasser United Nations OHCHR in Thailand on “the crime of offending the monarch,” expressed concern about the legal suppression of free speech, December 9, 2011 United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Office spokesman 沙姆达萨尼 (Ravina Shamdasani) that appeared more recently in Thailand from the “crime of offending the monarch” case, some defendants have been sentenced to prison terms. OHCHR in these cases the impact on freedom of expression, of great concern. In accordance with the relevant Thai law, any defamatory, insulting or threatening the king and royal family members of other important act constitutes a “crime of offending the monarch,” may be sentenced to 3 years to 15 years in prison. In recent months, there are already so many people have been charged or convicted. December 8, the Thai-American citizens of Bangkok criminal court sentenced Gordon to be two and a half in prison. In accordance with Thailand’s official statement, Gordon posted his personal blog in a Thai translation of banned books and the Thai version, also written over online Thai royal family allegedly defamatory article. November 23, Thai court sentenced a man to 20 years imprisonment. He was accused in May last year to move the Private Secretary to Prime Minister Abhisit send text messages insulting the royal family. UN OHCHR said, such a severe criminal penalties is neither necessary nor appropriate, and contrary to the country’s international human rights obligations. In addition to court’s sentence too harsh outside, OHCHR has also accused in the case of prolonged detention before trial is concerned. UN OHCHR urged the Thai government to amend the ‘offended monarch crime’ laws, and guidelines issued to police and prosecutors, to stop in accordance with these vague wording of the law to arrest and prosecute individuals. Director-General of the International Organization for Migration – Swain UN official Deputy Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs – Amos UNICEF spokesman – McAdoo more UNHCR spokesman – Fleming UN Peacekeeping Under-Secretary – Ladsous (Hervé Ladsous) U.S. Secretary of State Clinton on the network free speech to the Congress, 2011.12.09 U.S. State Department Office of the Spokesman For Immediate Release, December 8, 2011 Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (Hillary Rodham Clinton) in the network free of the General Assembly (Freedom Online Conference) Speech, December 8, 2011 Fokker Terminal (Fokker Terminal) The Hague, Netherlands (The Hague, Netherlands) Secretary of State Clinton: Good evening. Very pleased to once again came to The Hague. Foreign Minister Rosenthal (Rosenthal) Eric Schmidt (Eric Schmit) No limit press freedom (Free Press Unlimited) head of the organization Leone Williams (Leon Willems) Foreign Minister Carl Bildt (Carl Bildt) Human Rights Day: Pillay called for the use of the Internet and social media, human rights advocacy, December 9, 2011 Pillay United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on December 10, “Human Rights Day” on the occasion, delivered a speech that in 2011, human rights, is an unusual year. Tunisia remote province, a poor young man, not the desire to achieve, resonate, and quickly developed into a magnificent wave, eventually, around the world, in different forms, causing agitation response. Spread beyond the world’s unexpected awakening of the information, not a major media group’s satellite, nor is it a meeting or other traditional means, but the continued rapid increase in social media. Pillay, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Day, said in a speech published today, as usual, protest and repression of protests, whether on television or in newspapers around the world report on, depending on editorial and financial factors, also depends on on whether the interview. However, no matter where they occurred, and now, Twitter will be to ensure that spoke, in the face of the book posted, broadcast on Youtube, and upload on the Internet. Government no longer has a monopoly on the dissemination of information and censorship. December 9, Pillay in New York, Eastern time, 9:30, an event hosted by different social media platforms, including, in Chinese the “microblogging”, people around the world to answer questions about human rights. OHCHR in countdown mode, on the eve of Human Rights, published every day, “the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,” one of 30 articles, and organizations in the social media platform, for related discussions. December 10, 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted and issued a “Declaration of Human Rights.” In 1950, the General Assembly decided: to 10 December each year, as the “World Human Rights Day.”

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