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The world this week is over, the little things in mind 1,2,3, …; the world of active human list 1,2,3, …; network file stations; old news back, non-news! English, Japanese, automatic translation by Google; subject to Chinese Google automatic translation machines use language, to promote the application, the world’s first person Google automatic translation machine to use English, marketing, applications, the world’s first people Google automatic translation machines Japanese use, promotion, application, world’s first people From: UK helicopter Marketing Group, Inc. Chairman of the Board: Mr.George Chen = Mr.Geoorge S. Chen:;;; QQ: 1779642876 I only accept their own mobile phone text messages (0086-13901623260); All my business partner, please contact with me every mail; potential purchase of European and American helicopter makers, you must issue a certificate of bank credit; if the buyer does not RMB 3,999,999 or more large certificates of deposit, please do not disturb, thank you European and American brands helicopter purchase, please fill in a form: name, budget, business cards, unit address, phone number, box number, QQ number, purpose, location, flight kilometers requirements, whether private helicopter driving license … Income gap is widening, the American middle class or are dying? December 6, 2011, U.S. President Barack Obama said the United States to increase the wealth gap and social inequality, the middle class struggling, he urged Congress to take action to ratify the American middle class will help improve the quality of life of the policy to promote U.S. economic growth. America’s middle class at present living situation? Recently, a voice that the U.S. middle class is dying, so to say, it makes sense? In the U.S., is how to define the middle class people? Generally, middle-class criteria for the classification of two, one, professional; First, per capita or household income. In other words, economic status, political status and socio-cultural status, are at this stage, the middle level of the social group of people. This definition, more people, including, economists included, tend to – of income, as the sole criterion for the middle class or division of the main criteria. In the United States, generally considered: Where average annual income of $ 30,000 to $ 200,000 between the groups, all belong to the middle class, as standard, the United States 80% of people, should belong to the middle class. This ratio is defined different standards based on income, and change. Olive characteristics of social structure in the United States, the United States also known as: middle-class society. In American culture, middle-class is a way of life, a living, but also the “American dream” of extension. Middle-class way of life, after all, is – well-off, a house, a car, eat, dress, someone to have to teach the young, see a doctor to worry about, carefree life …. The average American middle-class families living conditions? What their income? Major cost, what are? In 2008, the U.S. Census Bureau and Labor Department official statistics, then, the American middle class families, the average annual income of 50,303 dollars; The average American family size is 2.6 people On this basis, a family of four parents, family income, to $ 76,900, to reach the middle. In overhead, the housing is ranked first. In the past decade, U.S. housing prices, increased the U.S. burden on middle class housing; real estate bubble, so that part of the middle class has lost the ability to house. Two-parent families in the United States, they have the value of homes, with an average of $ 231,000 annually, to pay the mortgage, as well as in spending on housing, for $ 17,600. From 1990 to now, the U.S. household growth rate for spending on housing, more than twice the revenue growth. Another big expense is health care, by the command of U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, a U.S. middle-class status of the investigation team, in its report that the health-care spending, as the American middle class is facing a new economic burden. In a typical two-parent family of four middle-class family, per year, to pay health-care costs, to $ 5,100. From 1990, the United States on the family in health-care, expenditure growth rate, much higher than the rate of increase of other family expenses, and, at present, the family’s spending on the health-care, still no sign of reduction. American middle-class families in other major expenditure, including – cars, children’s college education, vacation, retirement savings and other daily expenses. Stanford University released a study has pointed out that the United States the proportion of middle-class family, has grown from 65 percent in 1970, down to 44% over the past 40 years, significant changes occurred in the map of wealth, rich and poor are increasing, middle class is shrinking – some scholars claim that the U.S. middle class is dying. Resulting in shrinkage of the American middle class What is the reason? American middle class, with the industrialization of the United States to complete, and backward industrial society formed, then, the evolution of American social structure, mainly reflected in the sharp drop in the number of blue-collar workers; growing white-collar, middle class emerged. Since the 1970s, the American middle class began to face two challenges. Revenue growth slowed, to the late 1990s, stagnated, real income levels, decreased Middle-class families the main cost of medical care, children of university education and housing expenses – from 1990 to 2008, the U.S. parent family of four, the average annual income increased by 20%, and this corresponds to, medical insurance and medical costs an increase of 155%; four-year public university tuition fees, an increase of 60%; housing prices rose by 56%. These data are adjusted for inflation, the ratio of Look at the actual prices – 1990, two-parent families in health insurance and medical costs, the actual expenditure of $ 1,200; 2008 for $ 5,100. In 1990, tuition at four-year public university spending on, for $ 5,200; 2008 for $ 13,400. In 1990 the average U.S. home price is $ 79,100; 2008 for $ 197,600. Within the middle class, there is a clear differentiation. New York State University study, since 1979, the United States increased the degree of inequality in income distribution, 1% of the population holds 80% of new revenue. Overall, the U.S. income gap is widening. Recent economic crisis, to bring more middle-class heavy blow, the cumulative number of unemployed, more than 800 million people, up to 200 million U.S. households, unable to pay the mortgage, losing their homes – some scholars say, the American middle class is dying. 世界,本週已經過去的,小事記1,2,3,… ;世界活躍的,人類名錄1,2,3,… ; 網絡檔案站;舊聞往事,非新聞! English, Japanese, automatic translation by Google; subject to Chinese 谷歌外語自動翻譯機使用,推廣,應用,世界第一人 谷歌英語自動翻譯機使用,推廣,應用,世界第一人 谷歌日語自動翻譯機使用,推廣,應用,世界第一人 From: UK 直升機銷售集團公司董事局主席:Mr.George Chen = Mr.Geoorge S. Chen : ; ; ; QQ: 1779642876 我自己的只接受短信的手機(0086-13901623260); 我的一切生意夥伴,請與我的各個郵箱聯繫;潛在購買歐美品牌直升機者們,請你務必出具銀行資信證明書;如果購買者沒有RMB 3,999,999以上巨額存款證明書者,請勿打擾,謝謝 歐美名牌直升飛機購買者請填表:姓名,預算額,名片,單位網址,手機號碼,郵箱號碼,QQ號碼,用途,使用地點,飛行公里要求,有否直升機駕駛私照… 收入差距不断扩大, 美国中产阶级或正在消亡? 2011年12月06日,美国总统奥巴马称,美国贫富差距和社会不平等加大,中产阶级处境艰难,他敦促国会采取行动,批准有利于提高美国中产阶级生活质量的政策,推动美国经济增长。美国的中产阶级目前生活状况如何?近来,有声音称,美国的中产阶级正在消亡中,这样的说法,是否有道理? 在美国,是怎样界定中产阶级人群的? 通常来讲,中产阶级的划分标准有两个,一是,职业;一是,人均或家庭收入。也就是说,在经济地位、政治地位和社会文化地位上,都处于现阶段社会中间水平的一群人。这一定义,更多的人,包括,经济学家在内,倾向于-以收入,来作为中产阶级划分的唯一标准或主要标准。 在美国,一般认为:凡是年均收入在3万美元,至20万美元之间的人群,都属于中产阶级,以此标准来衡量,美国80%的人,都应该属于中产阶级。这一比例,是根据收入界定标准不同,而发生变化的。 橄榄型社会结构是美国的特色,美国也被称之为:中产阶级社会。在美国文化中,中产阶级既是一种生活方式、一种生活水平,也是“美国梦”的延伸。中产阶级生活方式,说到底,就是-小康,有房,有车,吃好,穿好,老有所养,幼有所教,看病不愁,生活无忧无虑…。 美国普通中产家庭的生活状况?他们的收入怎样?主要开销,都有哪些? 2008年,美国人口普查局和劳工部公布的官方统计数据,当年,美国中产阶级家庭,平均年收入为50,303美元; 美国家庭的平均人数,是2.6人 以此推算,双亲四口之家的家庭收入,要76900美元,才能达到中产。 在开销方面,住房,是排在第一位的。在过去十年中,美国房地产价格的上升,加重了美国中产阶级在住宅上的负担;房地产泡沫,使一部分中产阶级失去了拥有住宅的能力。在美国的双亲家庭,他们拥有住宅的价值,平均为231,000美元,每年,要支付的房屋贷款,以及用在住宅上的支出,为17,600美元。从1990年,到现在,美国家庭用于住宅上的支出增长率,超过收入增长率的两倍。 另一个很大的开支,就是医疗方面,由美国副总统拜登挂帅的,一个美国中产阶级状况调查小组,在其报告中说,医疗健保的支出,成为美国中产阶级面临的新的经济负担。在典型的双亲四口之家的中产阶级家庭,每年,需要支付的医疗健保费用,要在5100美元。从1990年以后,美国家庭在医疗健保上,支出的增长幅度,大大超过了家庭其他支出的上涨幅度,而且,目前,家庭在医疗健保上的支出,仍然没有降低的迹象。 美国中产阶级家庭的其他主要开支,还包括-汽车、子女的大学教育、休假、退休储蓄以及日常开销等。 美国斯坦福大学发布的一份研究报告曾指出,美国中产阶级家庭比例,已经从1970年的65%,下降到44%,过去40年来,财富地图发生了明显变化,富人和穷人都在增加,中产阶级在萎缩-有学者声称,美国的中产阶级正在消亡。造成美国中产阶级萎缩的原因是什么? 美国中产阶级是随着美国工业化的完成,以及向后工业社会的转变而形成的,那时,美国社会结构的演变,主要体现在蓝领工人数量锐减;白领阶层不断扩大,出现了中产阶级。上世纪70年代以来,美国中产阶级开始面临两方面的严峻挑战。 收入增长放缓,到90年代后期,出现停滞,实际收入水平,有所下降 中产家庭主要开销中的医疗、子女大学教育和住房开支-从1990年,至2008年,美国双亲四口之家,平均年收入增加了20%,与此相对应的是,医疗保险和医疗费用增长了155%;四年制公立大学的学费,增长了60%;住房价格上涨了56%。这些数据,都是通货膨胀调整后的比例情况 看实际价格的上涨-1990年,双亲家庭在医疗保险和医疗费用上,实际支出为1200美元;2008年,为5100美元。 1990年,在四年制公立大学学费上的支出,为5200美元;2008年,为13400美元。 1990年美国住房的平均价格,是79100美元;2008年,为197600美元。 中产阶级内部,出现了明显分化。 纽约州立大学的研究,自1979年以来,美国收入分配不平等的程度加剧,1%的人口,占有80%的新增收入。从整体上看,美国收入差距,在不断扩大。 最近发生的经济危机,给中产阶级带来更加沉重的打击,累计失业人数,超过800万人,多达200万美国家庭,无力支付房贷,失去住房-有学者称,美国中产阶级正在消亡。