希拉里称俄“选举不公” ,http://www.huanqiu.com,2011-12-07,希拉里称,美国对俄罗斯杜马选举,感到“严重忧虑”:“俄罗斯杜马选举,既不自由,也不公正,俄罗斯选民有权利-要求对操纵和欺诈,进行全面调查。” 6日,正在德国访问的美国国务卿希拉里用这番话,点燃了美国俄国口水仗的引信。

希拉里称俄“选举不公” ,http://www.huanqiu.com,2011-12-07,希拉里称,美国对俄罗斯杜马选举,感到“严重忧虑”:“俄罗斯杜马选举,既不自由,也不公正,俄罗斯选民有权利-要求对操纵和欺诈,进行全面调查。” 6日,正在德国访问的美国国务卿希拉里用这番话,点燃了美国俄国口水仗的引信。

法新社称,希拉里的论据,是监督俄国选举的欧安组织观察员,他们称,俄国杜马选举,存在大量舞弊现象。当日,与希拉里一同参加欧安组织会议的俄国外长拉夫罗夫没有回应此事,但是,俄国国内对希拉里讲话反应强烈。 12月7日出版的《 环球时报》报道。

Russia, Clinton said “the election unfair”, http://www.huanqiu.com ,2011-12-07, Clinton said the United States on Russian Duma elections, was “serious concern”: “Russian Duma elections, neither free, nor fair, Russian voters have the right – called for manipulation and fraud, to conduct a comprehensive investigation. ”
6, is visiting Germany with U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton made the remarks, the USA and Russia bickering lit the fuse.
Agence France-Presse said Clinton’s argument, is to supervise elections in the OSCE observers in Russia, they said, the Russian Duma elections, there are a lot of fraud. Day, with Hillary to join in the OSCE meeting Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov did not respond to the matter, but the Russian response to strong domestic Hillary speech.
December 7 issue of “Global Times” reported.
Russia’s “view report”, said Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, 6 public criticism from the United States fight back. He said the country’s political system is Russia’s internal affairs, something to do with foreign partners, the election has been conducted, the results are clear, this election in full compliance with the Russian electoral law.
Russia’s Central Election Commission said, if Ms. Clinton, confusing, and she should be more concerned about America’s own elections.

Switzerland is visiting U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, 6 in Geneva, and the Syrian opposition, “the Syrian National Committee” on behalf of, hold a closed meeting.
U.S. Mission in Geneva after the meeting, issued a statement that Hillary Clinton in the meeting, the “Syrian National Committee,” Chairman and other senior figures, said she was “particularly concerned” “Syrian National Committee” how Syria’s “democratic transition.” Hillary said: “The Syrian National Committee” report to the United States, “very constructive.”
Hillary Clinton, December 4 to 8, Germany, Lithuania, Switzerland, Belgium and the Netherlands and other European countries 5, a five-day visit. In Switzerland, in addition to 6 at the United Nations Office at Geneva speech, she will be 7 to attend the UN High Commissioner for Refugees annual ministerial meeting held in 2011.

December 6, 2011, IOM Director General William Swing (William Lacy Swing) in Geneva, the organization meeting of the 100th session of the Council, issued the “2011 World Migration Report.” The report notes that the host country’s people, often because of concerns about their own economic and social status, to the exclusion of immigrants, to change this concept, the need for policy guidance and the media fair and balanced coverage, the same time, immigrants need to express their ideas. Most of this century, one of the most fundamental trend is the large-scale population movements. Currently, the world’s 200 million 14 million international migrants …

Tokayev (Tokayev) Director-General and Wyden (Wyden), Ms. –
Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland (Palais des Nations)

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (Hillary Clinton): (Human Rights Day), 1948 年 12 月 10 日 3:00 am, the UN General Assembly (Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, December 3, held in Turkey on the Global Entrepreneurship Summit

U.S. political system has evolved, 2011.12.06
 
2004 Election Day night, the New York Rockefeller Center (Rockefeller Center) of ice-skating rink, was changed to show the presidential election schematic of the place. Painted red states, the majority of Republican votes cast; painted blue states, the majority of Democratic votes cast; painted white state, still votes were counted.

U.S. State Department Bureau of International Information (IIP) “Reference USA” from Washington, every night of election day, the major U.S. television networks are constantly updated on the map in the United States the red and blue icon indicating which won the state Democratic Party, which Republican win. Americans are naturally aware of its meaning, because the two-party system in their daily lives, has become commonplace.

Almost from the beginning the United States was founded, political parties, has become part of American democracy. Although the “U.S. Constitution” (US Constitution) never mentioned political parties, some of the founding fathers, there is simply not in favor of political parties.

In 1788 the “Federalist Papers” (Federalist Papers), the Alexander Hamilton (Alexander Hamilton), and James Madison (James Madison) talked about the danger of domestic political factions. The first U.S. president, George Washington (George Washington) have never participated in any political party. He also said: do not want to see the formation of any political party.

Unexpected is that the U.S. two-party system, by George Washington’s assistant who single-handedly created, which includes Hamilton and Madison. Hamilton led the Federalist Party (Federalist Party) advocated the establishment of a strong central government, asked the government and between the rich, keep in close contact. Madison and Thomas Jefferson (Thomas Jefferson) the establishment of the Democratic-Republican (Democratic-Republican Party) to restrict the role of central government, populist take on the governance practices.

Federalists believe in elitism (elitism), and thus gradually lost popular appeal. They refused to support the War of 1812 (War of 1812) position, because the successful conclusion of the war, leaving them at a disadvantage. Over the next few years, the Federalist Party faded away.

James Monroe’s presidency of the harmony (Era of Good Feelings ,1816-1824), a party political nature truly is the most indifferent of times, but, in 1828, the Democratic Republican Party’s internal dispute caused a party split.

By the war hero, and later President Andrew Jackson (Andrew Jackson) Jackson faction led by Democrats, and later developed into the modern Democratic Party. By Henry Clay (Henry Clay) led by the conservative faction, formed Whig party (Whig Party).

Democrats advocated: the executive branch (President) than other government departments should have primacy, against them that will damage the interests of the taxpayers of industrial development. The Whigs advocated: the legislative branch (Congress) has primacy, support industrial modernization and economic protectionism.

• independent presidential candidate John Anderson (John Anderson) to attend a media event in 1980. Side is a donkey (the Democratic Party), and an elephant (Republican) sign.
1850’s, the Whig Party collapsed, replaced by the Republicans against slavery. Republicans take a lot of the Whig Party’s economic policies, such as support for national banks, railways and high tariff policy.

Over the next few decades, the name of the two U.S. political parties, no change, but, as the country changes and changes in voter focus, the two major parties support the policy, also will change.

People think: Democrats tend liberalization; Republican Party more conservative. In these two ideological categories, each political party within, there are a variety of different beliefs and opinions. Many U.S. call themselves, as “independents” (the two parties not affiliated with any political party). Independents growing number of voters.

According to the Pew Research Center (Pew Research Center) of the survey, in 2008, the Democratic Party is the largest political party, there are 74 million voters (representing 37% of registered voters) claimed that they belong to the Democratic Party. Barack Obama (Barack Obama) is the U.S. president’s first 15 Democrats.

George W · Bush (George W. Bush) is the U.S. president’s first 19 Republicans. In 2008, the Republican Party is America’s second largest political party, nearly 56 million registered members, about a quarter of registered voters.

Since 1852 has been in all U.S. presidential election, get the presidential nomination, not Democrats, is Republican. Since 1856 has been one of the party control of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Other political parties in the national and state level, has won the right to representation, but so far, no one party can get enough support in Congress to vote constitutes a group, or the presidency launched a major challenge.

American voters concerned about competing, the so-called “third party”, including the return of the founding fathers of the original advocates of the Constitution Party aims (Constitution Party), environmental management and social justice advocate the Greens (Green Party), and minimal government intervention in support of civil life of the Liberal Party (Libertarian Party).

(End)

俄罗斯《 观点报》说,俄国总统梅德韦杰夫,6日公开回击来自美国的批评。他说,国家政治体系是俄罗斯的内政,不关外国伙伴的事,选举已经进行了,结果也清楚了,这一选举,完全符合俄国选举法。 俄国中选会称,希拉里女士的话,令人困惑,她应该更关心美国自己选举的问题。 正在瑞士访问的美国国务卿希拉里·克林顿,6日在日内瓦,与叙利亚反对派“叙利亚全国委员会”代表,举行闭门会晤。 美国驻日内瓦代表团在会后,发表公告说,希拉里在会晤中,向“叙利亚全国委员会”主席等高层人物表示,她“特别关注”“叙利亚全国委员会”如何实现叙利亚的“民主转型”。希拉里认为:“叙利亚全国委员会”向美方提交的报告,“很有建设性”。 希拉里,12月4日至8日,对德国、立陶宛、瑞士、比利时与荷兰等欧洲5国,进行为期5天的访问。在瑞士期间,除6日在联合国驻日内瓦办事处发表讲话外,她将于7日,出席联合国难民事务高级专员公署举办的2011年度部长级会议。 2011年12月06日,国际移民组织总干事斯温(William Lacy Swing)在日内瓦举行的该组织第100届理事会会议上,发布了《 2011年世界移民报告》。报告指出,东道国的民众,往往会由于对自身经济社会地位的担忧,而排斥移民,要改变这种观念,需要政策引导和媒体公正平衡的报道,同时,需要移民表达自己的主张。本世纪大部分时间,一个最根本的趋势,就是大规模人口移动。当前,世界有2亿1400万国际移民… 托卡耶夫(Tokayev)总干事和怀登(Wyden)女士- 瑞士日内瓦万国宫(Palais des Nations) 国务卿希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Clinton): (Human Rights Day),1948年12月10日凌晨3点,联合国大会(Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 美国副总统拜登,12月3日在土耳其举行的全球创业峰会上 美国政党制度的演变,2011.12.06 2004年选举日之夜,纽约洛克菲勒中心(Rockefeller Center)的滑冰场,被改成展示总统选举示意图的场所。涂红色的州,多数投共和党的票;涂蓝色的州,多数投民主党的票;涂白色的州,仍在统计选票。 美国国务院国际信息局(IIP)《 美国参考》从华盛顿报道,每逢选举日的夜晚,美国各大电视网络都不断在美国地图上更新红色和蓝色的图示,标明哪些州民主党胜出,哪些州共和党胜出。美国人自然而然地深知其意,因为,两党制在他们日常生活中,已司空见惯。 几乎从美国建国之初开始,政治党派,就成为美国民主制度的一部分。尽管《 美国宪法》(U.S. Constitution)从未提到过政党,有些建国先辈,根本就不赞成组织政党。 在1788年的《 联邦党人文集》(Federalist Papers)中,亚历山大·汉密尔顿(Alexander Hamilton),和詹姆斯·麦迪逊(James Madison)谈到国内政治派别的危险。美国第一任总统乔治·华盛顿(George Washington)从未参加过任何政党。他还表示:不希望看到组建任何政党。 意想不到的是,美国的两党制度,由乔治·华盛顿的助理们一手缔造,其中,包括汉密尔顿和麦迪逊。以汉密尔顿为首的联邦党(Federalist Party)主张建立一个强有力的中央政府,要求政府与富人之间,保持密切联系。麦迪逊和托马斯·杰弗逊(Thomas Jefferson)建立的民主共和党(Democratic-Republican Party)要求限制中央政府的作用,对治理采取民粹主义的做法。 联邦党人信奉精英论(elitism),因而,逐渐失去了对民众的吸引力。他们拒不支持1812年战争(War of 1812)的立场,又因战争顺利结束,而使他们处于不利的地位。在此后几年的时间内,联邦党逐渐消亡。 詹姆斯·门罗总统任期内的和睦年代(Era of Good Feelings,1816-1824),名副其实是一个政党政治色彩最淡漠的时代,但,1828年,民主共和党的内部争执,引起了该党的分裂。 由战时英雄,和后来的总统安德鲁·杰克逊(Andrew Jackson)领导的杰克逊派民主党人,后来发展成现代的民主党。由亨利·克莱(Henry Clay)领导的,较为保守的派别,组成了辉格党(Whig Party)。 民主党人主张:行政部门(总统)应拥有超越政府其他部门的首要地位,反对他们认为会损害纳税人利益的工业发展计划。辉格党人主张:立法部门(国会)具有首要地位,支持工业现代化和经济保护主义。 独立总统候选人约翰• 安德森(John Anderson)出席1980年的一次媒体活动。身旁是一头驴(代表民主党),和一头象(代表共和党)的标志。 1850年代,辉格党陷于崩溃,被反对蓄奴的共和党取代。共和党采取了很多辉格党的经济政策,如支持国家银行、铁路和高关税政策。 在此后的几十年里,这两大美国政党的名称,没有变化,但,随着国家情况的变化和选民关注重点的变化,两大党支持的政策,也随之发生变化。 人们认为:民主党比较倾向自由化;共和党较为保守。在这两大意识形态类别内,每个政党内部,又有各种不同的信念和意见。很多美国人称自己,为“独立派”(不隶属于两党中的任何政党)。独立派选民的人数在增长。 据皮尤研究中心(Pew Research Center)的调查,2008年,民主党是最大的政党,有7,400多万选民(占登记选民的37%)声称,自己属于民主党。巴拉克·欧巴马(Barack Obama)是担任美国总统的第15位民主党人。 乔治·W·布什(George W. Bush)是担任美国总统的第19位共和党人。2008年,共和党是美国第二大政党,有将近5,600万登记党员,约占登记选民的四分之一。 自1852年以来,在美国所有的总统选举中,获得总统候选人提名的,不是民主党人,就是共和党人。自1856年以来,其中的一个党,控制了众议院和参议院。其他政党,在全国和州一级,曾赢得代表权,但迄今,还没有一个党能获得足够的支持,在国会构成投票群体,或对总统宝座发起重大的挑战。 争夺美国选民关注的,所谓的“第三党”,包括主张回归开国元勋原旨的宪法党(Constitution Party)、主张环境管理和社会正义的绿党(Green Party),及支持政府尽少干预公民生活的自由党(Libertarian Party)。 (完)

《希拉里称俄“选举不公” ,http://www.huanqiu.com,2011-12-07,希拉里称,美国对俄罗斯杜马选举,感到“严重忧虑”:“俄罗斯杜马选举,既不自由,也不公正,俄罗斯选民有权利-要求对操纵和欺诈,进行全面调查。” 6日,正在德国访问的美国国务卿希拉里用这番话,点燃了美国俄国口水仗的引信。》有2个想法

  1. 中国富裕人士平均拥有3.3套房产;中国富裕人士平均拥有3.3套房产, 时间:2011-12-06 ,来源: 北京晨报
    12月6日,中德安联保险公司通过对银行、保险等中高端客户调查显示,中国富裕人群的家庭平均流动资产,在RMB169万元左右,每个人平均拥有1.8个银行VIP账户,和3.3套房产,相对于三年前,更多的人,给予了“资产安全性”更高的关注,总资产中,房产的价值,占比高达60%,至80%。

    China has 3.3 sets off the average property; China HNWI average of 3.3 sets of real time :2011 -12-06, Source: Beijing Morning Post, December 6, Allianz Insurance Company through the banking, insurance and other high end customer survey, the average Chinese family rich people liquidity in the RMB169 million, an average of 1.8 per person VIP bank accounts, real estate and 3.3 units, compared to three years ago, more people, given the “asset security “more concerned about the total assets, the value of property, accounting for up to 60% to 80%.

    Low-risk financial products popular

    Survey, compared with three years ago, wealthy people pay more attention to control of risk, 88% of the surveyed population, the “asset security” concerns a higher degree, in which low-risk financial investment products (savings, banking financial products, insurance, etc.) configuration, accounting for about 70%.

    Data show that wealthy bank savings, accounting for 46%, the ratio of financial products, reaching 12%, equity funds accounted for 5%, 2% bond funds, bonds, 3%, 5% of foreign exchange, trust products accounted for 4%, 4% of other financial products. Rich deposits in the proportion of people of wealth, higher than the global level, below the Chinese national average; securities investment ratio, much higher than the national level in Asia, close to the global level.

    Allianz believes that the current HNWI wealth management attitude and awareness of the risks for investors, matures, and the “rapid appreciation of wealth” compared to “the security of assets,” a higher degree of concern.

    Value of the property, the proportion of total assets over Qi Cheng

    If coupled with the fixed assets, real estate is the highest proportion of wealthy people in the hands of some assets. Survey shows that in all assets, real estate values ​​accounting for up to 72%, banks, financial products, respectively, accounting for 14%, 4%.

    According to the calculation of Allianz, the net value of the property, including mortgage, wealthy people who are homeowners, 3.3 units, value of 5.68 million, property value, total assets of nearly 3 / 4. Real estate investment property under the name of the most affluent people, to 5.3 units; real estate value of the highest proportion of its total assets reached 77%.

    低风险理财产品受青睐

    调查显示,与三年前相比,富裕人士更看重对风险的把控,88%的被访人群,对“资产安全性”的关注度更高,其中,低风险金融投资产品(储蓄、银行理财产品、保险等)配置,约占70%。

    数据显示,富裕人士银行储蓄,占比达到46%,银行理财产品配比,达到12%,股票型基金占到5%,债券型基金占2%,债券占3%,外汇占5%,信托产品占4%,其他理财产品占4%。富裕人群财富中的存款比例,高于全球水平,低于中国全国水平; 证券投资比例,远高于全国、亚洲水平,接近全球水平。

    中德安联认为,目前,富裕人士对于财富管理的态度和对于投资风险的认识,日趋成熟,与“财富快速增值”相比,对“资产的安全性”关注度更高。

    房产价值,占资产比例超七成

    若加上固定资产,房地产是富裕人士手中资产占比最高的部分。调查显示,在全部资产中,房地产价值占比,高达72%,银行、银行理财产品,分别占比14%、4%。

    根据中德安联的计算,将已扣除房贷的房产价值计算在内,富裕人士人,均拥有房产3.3套,价值568万,房产价值,占全部资产的近3/4。投资房地产的富裕人士名下的房产最多,达到5.3套;房产价值也占其总资产的比例最高,达到77%。

  2. 希拉里称俄“选举不公” ,http://www.huanqiu.com,2011-12-07,希拉里称,美国对俄罗斯杜马选举,感到“严重忧虑”:“俄罗斯杜马选举,既不自由,也不公正,俄罗斯选民有权利-要求对操纵和欺诈,进行全面调查。” 6日,正在德国访问的美国国务卿希拉里用这番话,点燃了美国俄国口水仗的引信。

    法新社称,希拉里的论据,是监督俄国选举的欧安组织观察员,他们称,俄国杜马选举,存在大量舞弊现象。当日,与希拉里一同参加欧安组织会议的俄国外长拉夫罗夫没有回应此事,但是,俄国国内对希拉里讲话反应强烈。 12月7日出版的《 环球时报》报道。

    Russia, Clinton said “the election unfair”, http://www.huanqiu.com ,2011-12-07, Clinton said the United States on Russian Duma elections, was “serious concern”: “Russian Duma elections, neither free, nor fair, Russian voters have the right – called for manipulation and fraud, to conduct a comprehensive investigation. ”
    6, is visiting Germany with U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton made the remarks, the USA and Russia bickering lit the fuse.
    Agence France-Presse said Clinton’s argument, is to supervise elections in the OSCE observers in Russia, they said, the Russian Duma elections, there are a lot of fraud. Day, with Hillary to join in the OSCE meeting Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov did not respond to the matter, but the Russian response to strong domestic Hillary speech.
    December 7 issue of “Global Times” reported.
    Russia’s “view report”, said Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, 6 public criticism from the United States fight back. He said the country’s political system is Russia’s internal affairs, something to do with foreign partners, the election has been conducted, the results are clear, this election in full compliance with the Russian electoral law.
    Russia’s Central Election Commission said, if Ms. Clinton, confusing, and she should be more concerned about America’s own elections.

    Switzerland is visiting U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, 6 in Geneva, and the Syrian opposition, “the Syrian National Committee” on behalf of, hold a closed meeting.
    U.S. Mission in Geneva after the meeting, issued a statement that Hillary Clinton in the meeting, the “Syrian National Committee,” Chairman and other senior figures, said she was “particularly concerned” “Syrian National Committee” how Syria’s “democratic transition.” Hillary said: “The Syrian National Committee” report to the United States, “very constructive.”
    Hillary Clinton, December 4 to 8, Germany, Lithuania, Switzerland, Belgium and the Netherlands and other European countries 5, a five-day visit. In Switzerland, in addition to 6 at the United Nations Office at Geneva speech, she will be 7 to attend the UN High Commissioner for Refugees annual ministerial meeting held in 2011.

    December 6, 2011, IOM Director General William Swing (William Lacy Swing) in Geneva, the organization meeting of the 100th session of the Council, issued the “2011 World Migration Report.” The report notes that the host country’s people, often because of concerns about their own economic and social status, to the exclusion of immigrants, to change this concept, the need for policy guidance and the media fair and balanced coverage, the same time, immigrants need to express their ideas. Most of this century, one of the most fundamental trend is the large-scale population movements. Currently, the world’s 200 million 14 million international migrants …

    Tokayev (Tokayev) Director-General and Wyden (Wyden), Ms. –
    Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland (Palais des Nations)

    Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (Hillary Clinton): (Human Rights Day), 1948 年 12 月 10 日 3:00 am, the UN General Assembly (Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

    U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, December 3, held in Turkey on the Global Entrepreneurship Summit

    U.S. political system has evolved, 2011.12.06

    2004 Election Day night, the New York Rockefeller Center (Rockefeller Center) of ice-skating rink, was changed to show the presidential election schematic of the place. Painted red states, the majority of Republican votes cast; painted blue states, the majority of Democratic votes cast; painted white state, still votes were counted.

    U.S. State Department Bureau of International Information (IIP) “Reference USA” from Washington, every night of election day, the major U.S. television networks are constantly updated on the map in the United States the red and blue icon indicating which won the state Democratic Party, which Republican win. Americans are naturally aware of its meaning, because the two-party system in their daily lives, has become commonplace.

    Almost from the beginning the United States was founded, political parties, has become part of American democracy. Although the “U.S. Constitution” (US Constitution) never mentioned political parties, some of the founding fathers, there is simply not in favor of political parties.

    In 1788 the “Federalist Papers” (Federalist Papers), the Alexander Hamilton (Alexander Hamilton), and James Madison (James Madison) talked about the danger of domestic political factions. The first U.S. president, George Washington (George Washington) have never participated in any political party. He also said: do not want to see the formation of any political party.

    Unexpected is that the U.S. two-party system, by George Washington’s assistant who single-handedly created, which includes Hamilton and Madison. Hamilton led the Federalist Party (Federalist Party) advocated the establishment of a strong central government, asked the government and between the rich, keep in close contact. Madison and Thomas Jefferson (Thomas Jefferson) the establishment of the Democratic-Republican (Democratic-Republican Party) to restrict the role of central government, populist take on the governance practices.

    Federalists believe in elitism (elitism), and thus gradually lost popular appeal. They refused to support the War of 1812 (War of 1812) position, because the successful conclusion of the war, leaving them at a disadvantage. Over the next few years, the Federalist Party faded away.

    James Monroe’s presidency of the harmony (Era of Good Feelings ,1816-1824), a party political nature truly is the most indifferent of times, but, in 1828, the Democratic Republican Party’s internal dispute caused a party split.

    By the war hero, and later President Andrew Jackson (Andrew Jackson) Jackson faction led by Democrats, and later developed into the modern Democratic Party. By Henry Clay (Henry Clay) led by the conservative faction, formed Whig party (Whig Party).

    Democrats advocated: the executive branch (President) than other government departments should have primacy, against them that will damage the interests of the taxpayers of industrial development. The Whigs advocated: the legislative branch (Congress) has primacy, support industrial modernization and economic protectionism.

    • independent presidential candidate John Anderson (John Anderson) to attend a media event in 1980. Side is a donkey (the Democratic Party), and an elephant (Republican) sign.
    1850’s, the Whig Party collapsed, replaced by the Republicans against slavery. Republicans take a lot of the Whig Party’s economic policies, such as support for national banks, railways and high tariff policy.

    Over the next few decades, the name of the two U.S. political parties, no change, but, as the country changes and changes in voter focus, the two major parties support the policy, also will change.

    People think: Democrats tend liberalization; Republican Party more conservative. In these two ideological categories, each political party within, there are a variety of different beliefs and opinions. Many U.S. call themselves, as “independents” (the two parties not affiliated with any political party). Independents growing number of voters.

    According to the Pew Research Center (Pew Research Center) of the survey, in 2008, the Democratic Party is the largest political party, there are 74 million voters (representing 37% of registered voters) claimed that they belong to the Democratic Party. Barack Obama (Barack Obama) is the U.S. president’s first 15 Democrats.

    George W · Bush (George W. Bush) is the U.S. president’s first 19 Republicans. In 2008, the Republican Party is America’s second largest political party, nearly 56 million registered members, about a quarter of registered voters.

    Since 1852 has been in all U.S. presidential election, get the presidential nomination, not Democrats, is Republican. Since 1856 has been one of the party control of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Other political parties in the national and state level, has won the right to representation, but so far, no one party can get enough support in Congress to vote constitutes a group, or the presidency launched a major challenge.

    American voters concerned about competing, the so-called “third party”, including the return of the founding fathers of the original advocates of the Constitution Party aims (Constitution Party), environmental management and social justice advocate the Greens (Green Party), and minimal government intervention in support of civil life of the Liberal Party (Libertarian Party).

    (End)

    俄罗斯《 观点报》说,俄国总统梅德韦杰夫,6日公开回击来自美国的批评。他说,国家政治体系是俄罗斯的内政,不关外国伙伴的事,选举已经进行了,结果也清楚了,这一选举,完全符合俄国选举法。 俄国中选会称,希拉里女士的话,令人困惑,她应该更关心美国自己选举的问题。 正在瑞士访问的美国国务卿希拉里·克林顿,6日在日内瓦,与叙利亚反对派“叙利亚全国委员会”代表,举行闭门会晤。 美国驻日内瓦代表团在会后,发表公告说,希拉里在会晤中,向“叙利亚全国委员会”主席等高层人物表示,她“特别关注”“叙利亚全国委员会”如何实现叙利亚的“民主转型”。希拉里认为:“叙利亚全国委员会”向美方提交的报告,“很有建设性”。 希拉里,12月4日至8日,对德国、立陶宛、瑞士、比利时与荷兰等欧洲5国,进行为期5天的访问。在瑞士期间,除6日在联合国驻日内瓦办事处发表讲话外,她将于7日,出席联合国难民事务高级专员公署举办的2011年度部长级会议。 2011年12月06日,国际移民组织总干事斯温(William Lacy Swing)在日内瓦举行的该组织第100届理事会会议上,发布了《 2011年世界移民报告》。报告指出,东道国的民众,往往会由于对自身经济社会地位的担忧,而排斥移民,要改变这种观念,需要政策引导和媒体公正平衡的报道,同时,需要移民表达自己的主张。本世纪大部分时间,一个最根本的趋势,就是大规模人口移动。当前,世界有2亿1400万国际移民… 托卡耶夫(Tokayev)总干事和怀登(Wyden)女士- 瑞士日内瓦万国宫(Palais des Nations) 国务卿希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Clinton): (Human Rights Day),1948年12月10日凌晨3点,联合国大会(Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 美国副总统拜登,12月3日在土耳其举行的全球创业峰会上 美国政党制度的演变,2011.12.06 2004年选举日之夜,纽约洛克菲勒中心(Rockefeller Center)的滑冰场,被改成展示总统选举示意图的场所。涂红色的州,多数投共和党的票;涂蓝色的州,多数投民主党的票;涂白色的州,仍在统计选票。 美国国务院国际信息局(IIP)《 美国参考》从华盛顿报道,每逢选举日的夜晚,美国各大电视网络都不断在美国地图上更新红色和蓝色的图示,标明哪些州民主党胜出,哪些州共和党胜出。美国人自然而然地深知其意,因为,两党制在他们日常生活中,已司空见惯。 几乎从美国建国之初开始,政治党派,就成为美国民主制度的一部分。尽管《 美国宪法》(U.S. Constitution)从未提到过政党,有些建国先辈,根本就不赞成组织政党。 在1788年的《 联邦党人文集》(Federalist Papers)中,亚历山大·汉密尔顿(Alexander Hamilton),和詹姆斯·麦迪逊(James Madison)谈到国内政治派别的危险。美国第一任总统乔治·华盛顿(George Washington)从未参加过任何政党。他还表示:不希望看到组建任何政党。 意想不到的是,美国的两党制度,由乔治·华盛顿的助理们一手缔造,其中,包括汉密尔顿和麦迪逊。以汉密尔顿为首的联邦党(Federalist Party)主张建立一个强有力的中央政府,要求政府与富人之间,保持密切联系。麦迪逊和托马斯·杰弗逊(Thomas Jefferson)建立的民主共和党(Democratic-Republican Party)要求限制中央政府的作用,对治理采取民粹主义的做法。 联邦党人信奉精英论(elitism),因而,逐渐失去了对民众的吸引力。他们拒不支持1812年战争(War of 1812)的立场,又因战争顺利结束,而使他们处于不利的地位。在此后几年的时间内,联邦党逐渐消亡。 詹姆斯·门罗总统任期内的和睦年代(Era of Good Feelings,1816-1824),名副其实是一个政党政治色彩最淡漠的时代,但,1828年,民主共和党的内部争执,引起了该党的分裂。 由战时英雄,和后来的总统安德鲁·杰克逊(Andrew Jackson)领导的杰克逊派民主党人,后来发展成现代的民主党。由亨利·克莱(Henry Clay)领导的,较为保守的派别,组成了辉格党(Whig Party)。 民主党人主张:行政部门(总统)应拥有超越政府其他部门的首要地位,反对他们认为会损害纳税人利益的工业发展计划。辉格党人主张:立法部门(国会)具有首要地位,支持工业现代化和经济保护主义。 独立总统候选人约翰• 安德森(John Anderson)出席1980年的一次媒体活动。身旁是一头驴(代表民主党),和一头象(代表共和党)的标志。 1850年代,辉格党陷于崩溃,被反对蓄奴的共和党取代。共和党采取了很多辉格党的经济政策,如支持国家银行、铁路和高关税政策。 在此后的几十年里,这两大美国政党的名称,没有变化,但,随着国家情况的变化和选民关注重点的变化,两大党支持的政策,也随之发生变化。 人们认为:民主党比较倾向自由化;共和党较为保守。在这两大意识形态类别内,每个政党内部,又有各种不同的信念和意见。很多美国人称自己,为“独立派”(不隶属于两党中的任何政党)。独立派选民的人数在增长。 据皮尤研究中心(Pew Research Center)的调查,2008年,民主党是最大的政党,有7,400多万选民(占登记选民的37%)声称,自己属于民主党。巴拉克·欧巴马(Barack Obama)是担任美国总统的第15位民主党人。 乔治·W·布什(George W. Bush)是担任美国总统的第19位共和党人。2008年,共和党是美国第二大政党,有将近5,600万登记党员,约占登记选民的四分之一。 自1852年以来,在美国所有的总统选举中,获得总统候选人提名的,不是民主党人,就是共和党人。自1856年以来,其中的一个党,控制了众议院和参议院。其他政党,在全国和州一级,曾赢得代表权,但迄今,还没有一个党能获得足够的支持,在国会构成投票群体,或对总统宝座发起重大的挑战。 争夺美国选民关注的,所谓的“第三党”,包括主张回归开国元勋原旨的宪法党(Constitution Party)、主张环境管理和社会正义的绿党(Green Party),及支持政府尽少干预公民生活的自由党(Libertarian Party)。 (完)

评论已关闭。