亚洲协会(Asia Society)美中关系中心(Center on U.S.-China Relations)主任夏伟(Orville Schell)
服务业雇员国际联合工会(Service Employees International Union)会长，哥伦比亚大学(Columbia University)里士满中心(Richman Center)高级研究员。
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Myanmar pro-Western opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi’s democracy in Rangoon, Burma in a meeting with U.S. diplomats home. This is the first private Hillary met with Aung San Suu Kyi. Previously, the two have a dialogue on the phone. Two official dinner together. Local time on December 1, Thursday
Two countries, two women, both smiling, both in life … …
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, on Friday to meet with Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi and hold talks.
Hillary Clinton arrives Aung San Suu Kyi’s house, outside, a few reporters waiting. When Clinton arrived, kissed both sides of face value of Aung San, Aung San also welcome her visit.
Hillary, on Thursday night, and Aung San Suu Kyi held a banquet, Hillary referred to Aung San Suu Kyi U.S. President Barack Obama’s letter, to convey: the United States will always support her information. Hillary Clinton and President Wu Dengsheng Myanmar held a historic meeting, handed a letter from U.S. President Barack Obama, content that the U.S. is willing to enter a new stage of relations between Myanmar, Myanmar hopes to study how to support the transition to democracy, protect human rights, calling on the authorities of the reform, there must be tangible results.
Clinton praised recent reforms in Myanmar is encouraging, said: not enough to make the United States to lift sanctions. She urged Myanmar to release all political prisoners, end the conflict with ethnic minorities, and cut off military ties with North Korea’s illicit. She said that if Myanmar continued to reform the U.S. diplomatic relations between the two countries can be studied by the charge d’affaires level, upgraded to the ambassadorial level, and supports the World Bank and International Monetary Fund sent assessment of the economic situation in Myanmar.
Aung San interview, said she supported the U.S. push for reform in Myanmar. She said the United States must pay close attention to developments in Myanmar, to ensure the military-backed civilian government will not stop all the political and economic reforms, or even turn back.
A visit with U.S. officials said Clinton; “Aung San Suu Kyi called on Washington to – to the Myanmar authorities more time to reform, Aung San to support the U.S. in order to enhance diplomatic relations with Myanmar’s efforts.”
Intel (Intel), founder, chairman and Grove (Andy Grove)
• U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (Hillary Clinton)
Former Gov. Mitt Romney (Mitt Romney)
President Barack Obama (Barack Obama)
China second Five-Year Plan goals, including: average annual economic growth rate of 7%; renewable energy investments 6,400 million; construction of 36 million units of affordable housing; to develop a new generation of information technology, clean energy, automotive, biotechnology, high-end manufacturing; environmental protection. To promote social equity and rural development.
Asia Society (Asia Society) US-China Relations Center (Center on US-China Relations) Master Ren Xiawei (Orville Schell)
2003 Nobel laureate in economics, Engel (Robert Engle)
Service Employees International Union Union (Service Employees International Union) President, Columbia University (Columbia University) Richmond Center (Richman Center) Senior Fellow.
Deployed in Okinawa, Japan, the United States Marine Corps front line, 1.5 million people
Why is not America’s poor poorer? Time :2011 -11-23
U.S. Census Bureau recently said the United States 10 million increase in the number of poor people, 40 years, very rare surge in numbers. Report “shocking” and “bleak”, an expert specializing in poor families, to “defective” to describe the report.
Official figures, with a half-century criteria, ignoring in-depth understanding of poor people live, in the end the poor wallet, what?
United States each year, invest hundreds of billions of dollars in food stamps and other welfare, what the poor have to pay expenses? If the calculation of the different parts of the rent, living costs, medical costs, the number of the poor, will different?
In fact, the official poverty rate survey, the neglect of many important and relevant factors, some experts believe that the number of poor Americans, half or more may disappear.
Some experts point out that a more comprehensive measurement of measures to statistics, then, that the United States will reduce child poverty, relative poverty in the United States the number of elderly will increase, mainly the cost of expensive medical problems. Black poverty rate, the relative reduction in the poor Asian increased. Reduce the number of poor in rural areas, poor urban and suburban increase is mainly the cost of living is higher.
They found – to reduce the number of extreme poverty, but many do not meet the benefit plan, payment of taxes, loss of real income group, life is more difficult than the poor.
Professor of Social Work at Columbia University Jane Waldfogel (Jane Waldfogel) said: “The U.S. official measure of poverty measures, should no longer be the reality it does not calculate the right side of the balance, how many poor people? Poor, how much? No one really I believe the official data. ”
Experts estimate that the latest report, a 10-year period, primarily for the official poverty rate, how distorted the U.S. live in poverty, all aspects, to supplement the shortage of numbers.
Research-based, scientific associations throughout the United States, the calculation of the figures include cash income, government benefits, work expenses, taxes and living costs.
Among them, a report that the U.S. poverty population, since 2006, an increase of 46 million people, is not the official release of the 97 million people in September.
“The New York Times” on Michigan, New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Tennessee and Texas, the analysis of the rise in unemployment, at least 39 states that – the number of poor has not grown significantly.
To North Carolina, for example, official statistics of poverty, has increased by more than 250,000 people; to unofficial statistics, the region’s rising unemployment, poverty levels, no growth.
Among them, an explanation, official statistics ignore two important items: food stamps and tax credits. Policy Center on Budget and priority numbers, last year, the United States to pay $ 221 billion, in these two programs, the comparison in 2006, more than double.
Located in Charlotte, Anqilimei Hamilton (Angelique Melton), is one of the beneficiaries.
42-year-old Meier Deng, is a single mother, have two children, worked construction management firm with annual revenues of $ 39,000. In 2009, construction stopped, Melton lost her job.
Unemployed, she struggled to pay rent, maintain the family’s daily expenses, she only found Wal-Mart’s part-time work, far less than half the previous wage.
Currently, Melton’s annual income of $ 7,500, according to the official poverty line is defined, the income of a family of three, less than 17,400 dollars, are living below the poverty line.
Thus speaking, Melton is the official definition of poverty in families.
Unofficial statistics, she is not poor.
When Melton’s income dwindling, she received $ 3,600 in food stamps each year, in addition, from the Women, Infants and Children program, received $ 1,800 nutrition grant. Furthermore, the reduction in income, so she eligible for tax credits, about $ 4,000.
With housing assistance, these subsidies, calculated, and her annual income, close to 18,800 U.S. dollars, of course, this is not wealthy, but the new calculation, she is not poor.
Melton said: “thank God, they help me, otherwise I can not get through difficulties.”
In fact, the official poverty count the number system, the source with a half-century, 1963, by federal officials Maori (Mollie Orshansky) created a separate calculation of cash income only, point of view is limited.
It ignores the cost of expenses, such as taxes and health care costs. The set of poverty lines, are outdated, neglected food expenses, cost of living, even in major cities is not the same as the cost of living.
These factors need to be updated. In addition to adjusting for inflation, the U.S. government has not updated the poverty line, the statistical methods.
University of Wisconsin economist Tim Pollack (Timothy Smeeding) said: “This is a big difference, the United States must update the statistics program.”
Budget and Policy Center senior fellow at the priority Sherman (Arloc Sherman) said that the new statistical measures – government subsidies, so that now millions of families, living above the poverty line.
When the majority of scholars adopt comprehensive measures to calculate, the Heritage Foundation analyst Robert (Robert Rector) that: should also use two of the census.
A recent study, he used government data show the poor families, found that many poor families, have an Xbox game consoles.
He said: “When Americans hear the word poverty, many people think of physical difficulties, poor living conditions, sleeping in the streets, hungry, etc. In fact, most people defined poverty as defined by the Government poverty, not the same. ”
New statistics show that poor children will reduce the United States, the number referred to is not official, the main reason is – many government grants for children programs. On the contrary, Americans over the age of 65, because the higher medical costs, health insurance can not be fully covered to increase the number of elderly poverty.
By John William (John William), for example, he was a 69-year-old retired worker, in Charlotte (Charlotte) city work, now, a year from social security and disability security payments, get close to $ 12,000.
To calculate the official poverty rate, single family, his $ 1,300 more than the poverty line, the official, he is not poor.
Last summer, he was unfortunate heart attack, suffer from lung disease. Year medical costs, estimated at $ 2,500, John William has been caught below the poverty line.
He said: “I am not poor, I have to eat, but also the roof.”
Another calculation is neglected food stamps, “New York Times” that, if included, the U.S. poverty rate will fall by nearly 25%.
Some close to the edge of poverty concerns of Americans, the new statistics that the -440 million Americans, in fact, living on the edge of the poverty line, unable to apply for welfare, not eligible for duty-free concessions, increasing medical expenses, make their lives more than official of the poor even more difficult.
Urban Institute researcher Sheila (Sheila Zedlewski) said: “The government’s safety net for the poor, does not include the edges of these poor Americans.”
Ashley Bolton (Ashley Bolton), not included in the official poverty line, beyond the federal calculation of $ 10,000, her pancake shop in Charlotte, waiters, work part-time pharmacy, pharmacy taking courses on weekdays, hope that, as a pharmacist.
Not eligible for welfare benefits, all living expenses, rely on two part-time salary, and sometimes, she could not pay the car insurance contributions, relying on aid money to the mother, she often working at night, only the child to the mother, take care of.
Bolton said: “I live in a recession, the difficulties and poverty, they say, almost every day I have to face.”