Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Myanmar pro-Western opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi’s democracy in Rangoon, Burma in a meeting with U.S. diplomats home. This is the first private Hillary met with Aung San Suu Kyi. Previously, the two have a dialogue on the phone. Two official dinner together. Local time on December 1, Thursday

国务卿希拉里与缅甸亲西方的民主派反对党领导人昂山素季在驻缅甸仰光的一位美国外交人员家中会面。这也是希拉里与昂山素季的首次私人碰面。此前,二人曾在电话中进行对话。二人共进公务晚餐。当地时间12月1日,星期四
两个国家、两个女人、两种笑容、两种人生……
美国国务卿希拉里,周五与缅甸反对派领袖昂山素姬会面并举行会谈。
希拉里到达昂山素姬的寓所时,屋外,有数名记者在等候。当希拉里抵达后,亲吻昂山两面面额,昂山也欢迎她的到访。
希拉里,周四晚上,和昂山素姬举行晚宴,希拉里向昂山素姬转交美国总统奥巴马的信件,传达:美国将一直支持她的信息。希拉里与缅甸总统吴登盛举行历史性会晤时,转交了美国总统奥巴马的信件,内容称,美方愿与缅甸的关系进入新阶段,希望研究可以如何支持缅甸过渡民主,保护人权,呼吁当局的改革,要有实际成果。
希拉里赞许缅甸近期的改革令人鼓舞,认为:未足以令美国解除制裁。她敦促缅甸释放所有政治犯,结束与少数族裔的冲突,并断绝与朝鲜的不法军事联系。她表示,若缅甸持续改革,美国可以研究把两国外交关系,由代办级,提升至大使级,并支持世银及国际货币基金组织派员评估缅甸经济状况。
昂山接受访问时称,她全力支持美国推动缅甸进行改革。她说,美国一定要密切留意缅甸的事态发展,确保军方支持的文人政府不会停止推行政治和经济改革,甚至走回头路。
一名伴随希拉里出访的美国官员称;“昂山素季要求华盛顿-给缅甸当局更多的时间进行改革,昂山支持美国为提升与缅甸的外交关系做出的努力。”

英特尔(Intel)创始人、董事长格鲁夫(Andy Grove)
美国国务卿希拉里•克林顿(Hillary Clinton)
前州长罗姆尼(Mitt Romney)
总统奥巴马(Barack Obama)
中国十二五规划的目标,包括:年均经济增长率7%;可再生能源领域投资6,400亿美元;建设3,600万套保障性住房;发展新一代信息技术、清洁能源汽车、生物科技、高端制造;环境保护。要促进社会公平和农村发展。

亚洲协会(Asia Society)美中关系中心(Center on U.S.-China Relations)主任夏伟(Orville Schell)
2003年诺贝尔经济学奖得主恩格尔(Robert Engle)

服务业雇员国际联合工会(Service Employees International Union)会长,哥伦比亚大学(Columbia University)里士满中心(Richman Center)高级研究员。

美国部署在日本冲绳最前线的海军陆战队,1.5万人

为什么美国穷人不算穷?, 时间:2011-11-23
美国人口普查局最近表示,美国的穷人数量增加1000万人,40年来,甚为罕见的急升数字。报告“令人震惊”和“惨淡”,专门研究贫困家庭的专家,以“有缺陷”来形容有关的报告。
官方的数字,以一个半世纪前的准则来衡量,忽略深入了解贫穷人的实况,到底穷人的钱包里,有什么?
美国每年,投入数千亿美元在粮食券和其他福利上,穷人有哪些方面要自付开支?如果计算各地不同的租金,生活成本,医疗费用等,穷人的数字,会否不同呢?
事实上,官方调查贫困率时,忽视许多相关的重要因素,有专家认为,美国穷人的数字,可能消失一半或以上。
有专家指出,以更全面的测量措施,来进行统计的话,显示美国的贫困儿童将会减少,相对美国长者的贫穷人数将会增加,主要是昂贵的医疗费用困扰。黑人的贫困率,相对减少,亚裔的穷人增加。农村地区的贫穷数字减少,城市和郊区的穷人增加,主要是生活成本较高。
他们发现-赤贫的人数减少,但是,许多不符合福利计划,缴交税收,失去真正收入的一群,生活比贫穷人士更加困难。
哥伦比亚大学社会工作教授吉英沃德佛格(Jane Waldfogel)指出:“美国官方衡量贫困的措施,不再应对于现实状况。它没有计算两边的平衡权利,穷人拥有多少?穷人需要多少?没有人真正相信官方的数据。”

专家们预计,最新的报告,以10年期进行,主要针对官方贫困率,如何扭曲了美国贫困的实况,从各方面,来补充不足的数字。
研究的基础,由全美国科学协会进行,计算的数字包括现金收入,政府福利,工作开支费用,税金和生活成本费用。
其中,一项报告指出,美国贫困人口,自2006年以来,增长46万人,并非官方9月公佈的97万人。

《 纽约时报》对密歇根州,纽约州,新泽西州,俄亥俄州,田纳西州和得克萨斯州的分析,失业率上升,至少有39个州表明-贫困人数并没有显著增长。

以北卡罗来纳州为例,官方统计贫穷人数,已经上升超过 250,000人;以非官方的数字统计,该地区的失业率上升,贫穷人数,没有增长。
其中,一个解释,官方统计忽略了两个重要的项目:粮食券和税收抵免。根据预算和优先政策中心的数字,去年,全美国支付2210亿美元,于这两个方案上,比较2006年,增加一倍以上。

位于夏洛特,安琪莉梅尔顿(Angelique Melton),就是其中的受益者。

今年42岁的梅尔登,是一名单亲妈妈,育有两个孩子,任职建筑管理公司,年收入为39,000美元。2009年,建筑工程停止之后,梅尔顿失去了她的工作。
失业后,她挣扎于支付房租,维持家庭的日常开支,她只找到沃尔玛的兼职工作,远不及以前工资的一半。
现时,梅尔顿的年收入7,500美元,根据官方贫困线的定义,一家三口的收入,低于 17,400美元,属于生活贫困线以下。
由此而论,梅尔顿属于官方界定的贫穷家庭。
非官方的统计,她并不是穷人。
当梅尔顿的收入大幅萎缩之后,她收取每年3,600美元的粮食券,另外,从妇女,婴儿和儿童计划中,收到营养补助金1,800美元。再者,收入减少,让她合资格申请税收抵免,大约4,000美元。
加上住房援助,这些补贴,计算起来,她的年收入,接近18,800美元,当然,这并不是富裕,但是,新的计算之下,她不算是穷人。
梅尔顿说:“感激上帝,他们帮助我,否则,我不能熬过困境。”

事实上,官方计统的贫困数字,源用半个世纪,1963年,由联邦官员毛里(Mollie Orshansky)创建,只单独计算现金收入,观点有限。
它忽略了开支的费用,例如,税收和医疗费用。其设定的贫困线,属于过时,忽略食品开支,生活指数,甚至,各大城市不一样的生活成本。

这些因素必须要进行更新。除了调整通货膨胀的因素,美国政府并没有更新过贫困线的统计方法。

威斯康星大学的经济学家添明太(Timothy Smeeding)指出:“这是一个很大的区别,美国必须更新统计方案。”
预算和优先政策中心的资深研究员谢尔曼(Arloc Sherman)说,新的统计措施表明-政府补助,使现时数以百万计的家庭,生活于贫困线以上。

当大多数学者提出采用全面的措施来计算时,传统基金会的分析师罗伯特(Robert Rector)认为:应该同时采用两项的人口普查统计。
最近一项研究中,他利用政府数据显示的贫困家庭,发现,许多贫穷家庭,拥有Xbox游戏机。
他指出:“当美国人听到贫穷这个词时,许多人联想到物质的困难,恶劣的居住环境,露宿街头,挨饿等。事实上,大部份人被界定贫穷,与政府所界定的贫穷,并不一样。”

新的统计数字显示,美国贫困儿童将会减少,并非官方所指的人数,主要原因是-许多政府补助儿童的计划。相反,65岁以上的美国人,因为较高的医疗费用,医疗保险无法全数覆盖,令长者的贫穷人数增加。
以约翰威廉(John William)为例,他是一名69岁退休工人,在夏洛特(Charlotte)市府工作,现时,每年从社会保障金和残疾保障金,获得接近12,000美元。
以官方贫困率来计算,单人家庭,他超出贫困线1,300美元以上,官方来说,他并不算穷人。
去年夏天,他不幸心臟病发作,患上肺疾。一年医药费用,估计至少2,500美元,约翰威廉已经陷入贫困线之下。
他说:“我不算穷,我有吃的,也有屋顶。”

另一项被忽略的计算是粮食券,《 纽约时报》指出,如果计算在内,美国的贫困率将下跌近25%。
关注一些接近贫困边缘的美国人,新的统计指出-440万美国人,实际上,生活于贫困线的边缘,无法申请福利,也不合资格免税优惠,医疗开支日增,令他们的生活,比官方指定的穷人更加艰难。

城市研究所研究员希拉(Sheila Zedlewski)指出:“政府为穷人设立的安全网,并不包括这些贫穷边缘的美国人。”

阿什利博尔顿(Ashley Bolton),不被列入官方的贫困线,超出联邦计算的1万美元,她在夏洛特煎饼店,做侍应,兼职药房的工作,平日修读药剂学课程,希望将来,成为药剂师。
不符合申请福利补助,所有生活开支,只靠两份兼职的薪金,有时候,她无法缴交汽车保险供款,依靠母亲的金钱接济,她经常要上晚班,只有把孩子交给母亲,代为照顾。
博尔顿说:“我生活在经济衰退中,他们所说的困难和贫穷,几乎是我每一天要面对。”

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Myanmar pro-Western opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi’s democracy in Rangoon, Burma in a meeting with U.S. diplomats home. This is the first private Hillary met with Aung San Suu Kyi. Previously, the two have a dialogue on the phone. Two official dinner together. Local time on December 1, Thursday
Two countries, two women, both smiling, both in life … …
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, on Friday to meet with Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi and hold talks.
Hillary Clinton arrives Aung San Suu Kyi’s house, outside, a few reporters waiting. When Clinton arrived, kissed both sides of face value of Aung San, Aung San also welcome her visit.
Hillary, on Thursday night, and Aung San Suu Kyi held a banquet, Hillary referred to Aung San Suu Kyi U.S. President Barack Obama’s letter, to convey: the United States will always support her information. Hillary Clinton and President Wu Dengsheng Myanmar held a historic meeting, handed a letter from U.S. President Barack Obama, content that the U.S. is willing to enter a new stage of relations between Myanmar, Myanmar hopes to study how to support the transition to democracy, protect human rights, calling on the authorities of the reform, there must be tangible results.
Clinton praised recent reforms in Myanmar is encouraging, said: not enough to make the United States to lift sanctions. She urged Myanmar to release all political prisoners, end the conflict with ethnic minorities, and cut off military ties with North Korea’s illicit. She said that if Myanmar continued to reform the U.S. diplomatic relations between the two countries can be studied by the charge d’affaires level, upgraded to the ambassadorial level, and supports the World Bank and International Monetary Fund sent assessment of the economic situation in Myanmar.
Aung San interview, said she supported the U.S. push for reform in Myanmar. She said the United States must pay close attention to developments in Myanmar, to ensure the military-backed civilian government will not stop all the political and economic reforms, or even turn back.
A visit with U.S. officials said Clinton; “Aung San Suu Kyi called on Washington to – to the Myanmar authorities more time to reform, Aung San to support the U.S. in order to enhance diplomatic relations with Myanmar’s efforts.”

Intel (Intel), founder, chairman and Grove (Andy Grove)
• U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (Hillary Clinton)
Former Gov. Mitt Romney (Mitt Romney)
President Barack Obama (Barack Obama)
China second Five-Year Plan goals, including: average annual economic growth rate of 7%; renewable energy investments 6,400 million; construction of 36 million units of affordable housing; to develop a new generation of information technology, clean energy, automotive, biotechnology, high-end manufacturing; environmental protection. To promote social equity and rural development.

Asia Society (Asia Society) US-China Relations Center (Center on US-China Relations) Master Ren Xiawei (Orville Schell)
2003 Nobel laureate in economics, Engel (Robert Engle)

Service Employees International Union Union (Service Employees International Union) President, Columbia University (Columbia University) Richmond Center (Richman Center) Senior Fellow.

Deployed in Okinawa, Japan, the United States Marine Corps front line, 1.5 million people

Why is not America’s poor poorer? Time :2011 -11-23
U.S. Census Bureau recently said the United States 10 million increase in the number of poor people, 40 years, very rare surge in numbers. Report “shocking” and “bleak”, an expert specializing in poor families, to “defective” to describe the report.
Official figures, with a half-century criteria, ignoring in-depth understanding of poor people live, in the end the poor wallet, what?
United States each year, invest hundreds of billions of dollars in food stamps and other welfare, what the poor have to pay expenses? If the calculation of the different parts of the rent, living costs, medical costs, the number of the poor, will different?
In fact, the official poverty rate survey, the neglect of many important and relevant factors, some experts believe that the number of poor Americans, half or more may disappear.
Some experts point out that a more comprehensive measurement of measures to statistics, then, that the United States will reduce child poverty, relative poverty in the United States the number of elderly will increase, mainly the cost of expensive medical problems. Black poverty rate, the relative reduction in the poor Asian increased. Reduce the number of poor in rural areas, poor urban and suburban increase is mainly the cost of living is higher.
They found – to reduce the number of extreme poverty, but many do not meet the benefit plan, payment of taxes, loss of real income group, life is more difficult than the poor.
Professor of Social Work at Columbia University Jane Waldfogel (Jane Waldfogel) said: “The U.S. official measure of poverty measures, should no longer be the reality it does not calculate the right side of the balance, how many poor people? Poor, how much? No one really I believe the official data. “

Experts estimate that the latest report, a 10-year period, primarily for the official poverty rate, how distorted the U.S. live in poverty, all aspects, to supplement the shortage of numbers.
Research-based, scientific associations throughout the United States, the calculation of the figures include cash income, government benefits, work expenses, taxes and living costs.
Among them, a report that the U.S. poverty population, since 2006, an increase of 46 million people, is not the official release of the 97 million people in September.

“The New York Times” on Michigan, New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Tennessee and Texas, the analysis of the rise in unemployment, at least 39 states that – the number of poor has not grown significantly.

To North Carolina, for example, official statistics of poverty, has increased by more than 250,000 people; to unofficial statistics, the region’s rising unemployment, poverty levels, no growth.
Among them, an explanation, official statistics ignore two important items: food stamps and tax credits. Policy Center on Budget and priority numbers, last year, the United States to pay $ 221 billion, in these two programs, the comparison in 2006, more than double.

Located in Charlotte, Anqilimei Hamilton (Angelique Melton), is one of the beneficiaries.

42-year-old Meier Deng, is a single mother, have two children, worked construction management firm with annual revenues of $ 39,000. In 2009, construction stopped, Melton lost her job.
Unemployed, she struggled to pay rent, maintain the family’s daily expenses, she only found Wal-Mart’s part-time work, far less than half the previous wage.
Currently, Melton’s annual income of $ 7,500, according to the official poverty line is defined, the income of a family of three, less than 17,400 dollars, are living below the poverty line.
Thus speaking, Melton is the official definition of poverty in families.
Unofficial statistics, she is not poor.
When Melton’s income dwindling, she received $ 3,600 in food stamps each year, in addition, from the Women, Infants and Children program, received $ 1,800 nutrition grant. Furthermore, the reduction in income, so she eligible for tax credits, about $ 4,000.
With housing assistance, these subsidies, calculated, and her annual income, close to 18,800 U.S. dollars, of course, this is not wealthy, but the new calculation, she is not poor.
Melton said: “thank God, they help me, otherwise I can not get through difficulties.”

In fact, the official poverty count the number system, the source with a half-century, 1963, by federal officials Maori (Mollie Orshansky) created a separate calculation of cash income only, point of view is limited.
It ignores the cost of expenses, such as taxes and health care costs. The set of poverty lines, are outdated, neglected food expenses, cost of living, even in major cities is not the same as the cost of living.

These factors need to be updated. In addition to adjusting for inflation, the U.S. government has not updated the poverty line, the statistical methods.

University of Wisconsin economist Tim Pollack (Timothy Smeeding) said: “This is a big difference, the United States must update the statistics program.”
Budget and Policy Center senior fellow at the priority Sherman (Arloc Sherman) said that the new statistical measures – government subsidies, so that now millions of families, living above the poverty line.

When the majority of scholars adopt comprehensive measures to calculate, the Heritage Foundation analyst Robert (Robert Rector) that: should also use two of the census.
A recent study, he used government data show the poor families, found that many poor families, have an Xbox game consoles.
He said: “When Americans hear the word poverty, many people think of physical difficulties, poor living conditions, sleeping in the streets, hungry, etc. In fact, most people defined poverty as defined by the Government poverty, not the same. “

New statistics show that poor children will reduce the United States, the number referred to is not official, the main reason is – many government grants for children programs. On the contrary, Americans over the age of 65, because the higher medical costs, health insurance can not be fully covered to increase the number of elderly poverty.
By John William (John William), for example, he was a 69-year-old retired worker, in Charlotte (Charlotte) city work, now, a year from social security and disability security payments, get close to $ 12,000.
To calculate the official poverty rate, single family, his $ 1,300 more than the poverty line, the official, he is not poor.
Last summer, he was unfortunate heart attack, suffer from lung disease. Year medical costs, estimated at $ 2,500, John William has been caught below the poverty line.
He said: “I am not poor, I have to eat, but also the roof.”

Another calculation is neglected food stamps, “New York Times” that, if included, the U.S. poverty rate will fall by nearly 25%.
Some close to the edge of poverty concerns of Americans, the new statistics that the -440 million Americans, in fact, living on the edge of the poverty line, unable to apply for welfare, not eligible for duty-free concessions, increasing medical expenses, make their lives more than official of the poor even more difficult.

Urban Institute researcher Sheila (Sheila Zedlewski) said: “The government’s safety net for the poor, does not include the edges of these poor Americans.”

Ashley Bolton (Ashley Bolton), not included in the official poverty line, beyond the federal calculation of $ 10,000, her pancake shop in Charlotte, waiters, work part-time pharmacy, pharmacy taking courses on weekdays, hope that, as a pharmacist.
Not eligible for welfare benefits, all living expenses, rely on two part-time salary, and sometimes, she could not pay the car insurance contributions, relying on aid money to the mother, she often working at night, only the child to the mother, take care of.
Bolton said: “I live in a recession, the difficulties and poverty, they say, almost every day I have to face.”