“红绿灯”,应该说是美国交通中最常见的信号标志，效力如同中国的红绿灯，只是不需要由红变绿，而是人们在见到“stop sign”后,停车3秒钟，然后,自觉依序通过。在美国唯一有权佩戴,并使用“stop sign”的交通工具,就是校车，并且,交通法规规定，见到校车,出示“stop sign”时，所有车辆,必须停车并在校车启动前不能启动。现在,美国绝大多数校车,有远远伸出车身的交通警示信号臂，这就是受联邦立法保护的校车优先权。
American school bus system: 48 million vehicles, 26 million students free shuttle
With the growing awareness of safety, security, travel has become a people’s everyday “mantra.” Responsible for the school bus children to school become a teacher, home economics and other focus of attention.
United States “newspaper” network on November 19 issued a document on the U.S. school bus and its security system introduced in detail.
480,000 school buses, free of charge, daily delivery of 26 million students
In the U.S., school bus has become the people’s minds synonymous with reliable and secure on-time arrival, at present, the United States there are 480,000 school buses each year to provide about 10 billion student trips in traffic. In each school day, more than half of the U.S. student population, to 26 million passengers, transported by school bus.
The service is almost not to charge any one family from each school district to rent or purchase in the United States, nearly 40% of the school district, using the model school bus carriers to provide this service for students, which a figure in the UK and Canada, close to 100%.
In the U.S., engaged in school bus carrier services, many companies, small to service only a small city school bus companies, large bus with 60 000 large national companies throughout the United States over the whole. Currently, in North America operate school bus services contractors, including Atlantic Express, the first student, National Express, and student transportation companies;
“Atlantic Express” is a beginning from 1964 the company engaged in the business school bus, school bus service system, the United States, the history is evident.
“Gold-plated chrome over 70 years of popularity, school buses priority by legislation to protect”
As early as 1939, in New York, Columbia University, held a meeting on school bus transportation, people developed national standards for school bus system, especially, is a yellow body paint, became world famous after the “American National school bus chrome gold, “or” school bus yellow “, in order to be in poor lighting conditions in the case, ensure the most eye-catching school buses to ensure the safety of the children of students. It is understood that this time, 48 states including the U.S. transportation officials attended the meeting, through the manufacture of safe school bus on the 45 standards, including, size, body length, ceiling height, channel width.
From the last 1930s, most Western countries have their own traffic regulations, developed a school bus in the transportation of students in the process of priority privileges.
U.S. federal laws and regulations, students in the school bus on the bus, get off, all vehicles must stop, and other secure loading and unloading school bus full of students complete and bring with him the “traffic light” away, after in order to restore normal traffic operations.
“Traffic light”, it should be said that the most common U.S. traffic signal signs, traffic light effect as the Chinese, but not from red to green, but people see the “stop sign”, the stop for 3 seconds, and then, consciously sequentially through. In the U.S. the sole right to wear, and use the “stop sign” means of transport, that is, school buses, and traffic regulations, see the school bus, to produce “stop sign”, all vehicles must stop and start in school bus the former can not be started. Now, the vast majority of U.S. school buses, there are far out of the body of the traffic warning signal arm, which is subject to federal legislation to protect the school bus priority.
School bus regulations, creating a unique school bus industry
In North America, the stringent requirements of safety regulations, school bus manufacturers, has moved from the traditional car manufacturing, or the bus manufacturing industry segments, forming a special college for the production of more car safety standards of professional car industry, starting from 1932 U.S. school bus manufacturing, safety standards in experiencing rising, escalating the process industry, at present, the major U.S. school bus manufacturer in the 20 or so. Strict regulations, quality assurance and driving habits, making the U.S. school bus transportation, it seems very safe school bus in the history of the United States, almost difficult to find frequent school bus accident, in May 1985, North Carolina, USA Setsurei school bus accident, resulting in seven dead, including 24 drivers in serious injury accidents. Statistics show that New York every day, nearly 50,000 motorcycles were the vehicles, illegal school bus over the line, and causing injuries, the Washington State does not even require drivers to see the school bus must stop the law, the U.S. school bus safety risks, still in a different legal framework exists.
The United States is installed in the country on wheels, the size of the urban and rural run car, there are millions of vehicles, look and color of countless more. In so many cars, but only have a car the color of a unified, almost like a model, in all vehicles, it is best to identify, this is the school bus. When the school bus stop when either the back or opposite oncoming vehicles have to stop, so the students had finished the road before you continue driving, and offenders will be punished with stringent traffic regulations severely punished. Most drivers accepted, because traffic laws punishment, more importantly, to ensure the safety of children, everyone, do not want their children to face such offenders. American school bus safety performance is outstanding, from the world’s leading automobile manufacturers manufacture, use bus shape, large trucks architecture, had the sturdy known Hummer SUV and hit the school bus, the vehicle the basic end of life, showing school bus of the cattle. Approximately 43.5 million U.S., from kindergarten to Grade 12 students, of which 54% take the school bus school, the number is 23.5 million. School bus pick these children, 45 million, two trips per day per child, pick up the child throughout the year, amounted to billions of people, travel 3.5 billion miles. United States each year for a student, school bus, spending $ 493, money, government expenditure on education. Education has always been a major U.S. government expenditure at all levels, the most willing to spend.