印度,谜一样的国度

印度,谜一样的国度
2002年7月,我被派到印度,担任中国驻印度孟买总领事馆的总领事。一踏上印度的大地,谜就不断地涌现到我面前。

在班加罗尔机场,代表官方接待我的礼宾官迪尔,竟然是一个走路一拐一拐的残疾人。印度人口仅次于中国,有的是人,却为什么让一个残疾人担任涉外的礼宾官员呢?迪尔似乎猜到了我的疑惑,主动告诉我,印度法律规定:残疾人在公务员中,必须占有一定的比例。卡拉塔克邦,有7%的残疾人,因此,给残疾人留有7%的名额。他是获得硕士学位后,通过考试,成为礼宾官员的。

一次出席印度朋友克瑞迪亚六十大寿的寿宴,我找遍了所有的菜盘,竟然全是素菜,不仅没有鸡蛋,连土豆、红薯、萝卜都没有。我不禁产生疑问:为什么吃素的人,占印度人口一半以上?为什么印度会产生越有地位、越有文化的人越吃素?为什么一些印度人对素食的较真,会达到令人难以置信的程度?

印度人参加会议,既是为了听人家说什么,更是为了让人家听自己说点儿什么。演讲者讲完之后,都必须留出时间,回答与会者的提问。一般情况下,提问者非常踊跃,会议主持者,往往一再提示:“时间只允许提最后一个问题了。” 而提问者,也往往举起手来,说“请允许我提最后一个问题”。许多发言者,事先都做了认真准备,上台时,手中都拿着稿子,但很少有人照本宣科。

穷人是谜

印度贫富悬殊之大,可以说,是世界之最,1400万人口的孟买,竟有770万人,住在贫民窟里,比例高达55%。然而,两极如此对立的印度,社会治安状况,却还算不错,犯罪率并不高。为什么有那么多的人一贫如洗,却很少有人铤而走险,谋财害命?印度基本上,没有拐卖妇女和儿童的,没有集体偷渡的。尽管,印度有许多人露宿街头,以乞讨为生,但非法出境的案件,实在不多,没有人靠当“蛇头”、做“人贩子”为生。印度医院用血靠捐献,社会上,有负责捐献血的慈善组织,愿意捐献者,事先登记在册,需要时,通知他们到医院捐献,没有穷人以卖血为生。

富人也是谜

媒体上,经常看到关于印度富人施舍的报道。不少印度富人,乐于行善,主动施舍。例如,2003年,印度撒哈拉集团董事长罗易的长子举行婚礼时,为101对无钱办婚礼的新人,举办了集体婚礼,并赠给他们20万卢比的支票。第三天,小儿子也举行订婚仪式,又向14万穷人,免费发放了食品。印度不少高校是私立的,学费并不太贵(外国学生攻读硕士学位的学费、食宿费,总共6000美元),完全靠学费,学校根本办不下去,钱从哪里来呢?来自于社会的捐款。公立大学,特别是像新德里大学、尼赫鲁大学这样著名的公立大学,学生几乎不用交费,学校管食宿,一年学费、吃,住,加在一块儿,只合人民币1600元左右。公立大学的钱,从哪里来呢?主要也来自社会的捐款。印度最大的私人财团“塔塔集团”,形成了赞助慈善事业的机制,其控股公司“塔塔之子有限公司”,拥有下面各公司25%—38%不等的股份,而“塔塔之子”65%的股份,是由两个非营利性的托管机构所拥有。赢利的65%,进入慈善基金,再投入慈善事业。印度首富普莱姆基,一个人赞助办了100所学校。

男人是谜

在印度,男人干女人的活,如,扫地、抹灰、端盘子。饭店里的服务员,家里雇的佣人,绝大多数是男的。烟酒,在印度男人中,不那么流行,抽烟的人极少,公务往来,和红白喜事,从未有人敬烟。印度的烟,是10支装,而且,比中国的烟短。印度人口袋里,装一包烟、一个打火机的,不多,许多烟民,宁愿买一支,抽一支,且常常躲起来抽。

女人也是谜

在乡下种地,在城里,疏通阴沟、搬运沙石、打扫大街等等,主要是女人在干。在许多国家,男婚女嫁时,男方总要给女方可观的彩礼;可在印度,却恰恰相反,一个女子在结婚时,需要给男方陪送大量的嫁妆,中产阶级以上的家庭,还要送一辆汽车。一个获得英国博士学位的婆罗门,如果要娶妻的话,女方的嫁妆,可能要100万卢比(将近20万人民币)。婚礼的费用,也由女方负担。如果丈夫对嫁妆数量不满意,会经常打骂妻子,妻子也觉得直不起腰来,沉重的精神压力,使许多女子被迫自杀,不少穷人家的女儿,因无力置办嫁妆,只能终身不嫁,老死闺中。由于在印度生女孩,比生男孩的压力大得多,将来付出的嫁妆,是一个沉重的家庭负担。因此,在一些城市里,一些私人堕胎诊所打出的广告语,就是:“今天,你花400卢比;将来,可能会省40万卢比。”

当官的,同样是谜

印度人也许不怕热,即使是在印度国防部大楼里,海军参谋长、空军参谋长和陆军参谋长这样的军队最高将领(总统是三军总司令)的办公室,也没装空调。夏天,高温,常达摄氏45度左右,他们的办公室里,却只有电扇在转,就连马哈拉斯特拉邦邦长的会客厅和宴会厅里,也没有空调。是因为考虑到印度太穷,还是高官们珍惜纳税人的每一分钱,与大家打成一片?此外,从印度政府总理以下,任何官员,乘坐的,都是同一牌子、同一款式、同一颜色的国产车。以至老百姓形成了这样一种观念:乘外国车、高档车的,都不是当官的。

社会上,处处是谜

印度火车里程,比中国长,但,没有票贩子,也没有假票。印度火车,即使已经开动,你如果沿月台追赶,车上,会伸出许多双手,拉你一把,并会为你挪出一块地方。印度公共汽车没有车门,车开动后,一些人,还跳上跳下。中产阶级人士,开小车出门,车里,能挤多少人,就挤多少人,挤不下的,塞到车的后备箱里,警察司空见惯,熟视无睹。车与车相撞了,只要还能走,一声“拜拜”走人,从未看到过-因此而吵架的。印度人理发,男女分开。有为男人开的理发店,也有为女人开的美容店,女人不为男人理发,男人也不为女人美容。印度人开的舞厅,必须男女成双成对,才能进去;若是单独一人,恕不接待。按摩室,也是男女有别,男女分开。

从历史上看,印度屡出“怪人”。
释迦牟尼放着现成的王太子不做,离家出走,漂泊多年,含辛茹苦,在饥寒交迫中,终于悟道,创立了佛教。
筏驮摩那,出身于诗礼簪缨之族,钟鸣鼎食之家,却抛富弃贵,离妻别子,出家为僧,即使在大庭广众之中,也常年一丝不挂,即使蚊子在身上咬,蚂蚁在身上爬,也听其自然,绝不杀生。
印度,还有终生吃素,只穿自己纺的布,坚决拒绝出任总统,及其它一切高位的-印度国父甘地。

印度之所以是一个谜一样的国家,就因为,这里,确实有着太多的怪人、怪事、怪现象。这对中国人来说,很可能难以理解。

来源:摘自《 感觉印度》 作者:袁南生

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India, land of mystery, like
In July 2002, I was sent to India, as the Chinese Consulate General in Mumbai, India’s Consul General. Set foot on Indian land, the mystery will continue to emerge in front of me.

In the Bangalore airport, the official reception on behalf of my protocol officer Deere, turned out to be a walking limped with disabilities. India’s population second only to China, some people, but why let a disabled person as a foreign-related protocol officials? Deere seems to have guessed my doubts, take the initiative to tell me that Indian law: people with disabilities in the civil service, must occupy a certain percentage. Kalata Ke Bang, 7% of people with disabilities, therefore, to 7% of the places left disabled. He is a master’s degree, passed exams to become protocol officers.

Diaz attended Crane Indian friends a sixtieth birthday of the birthday, I searched all of the dish, even full of vegetables, not only did not eggs, and even potatoes, sweet potatoes, carrots are not. I can not help but ask: Why do vegetarians, accounting for more than half of India’s population? Why India will produce more respectable, the more educated more people vegetarian? Why do some Indians vegetarian contests, will reach an incredible level?

Indians attended the meeting, both to listen to what they say, is to make people listen to myself something. After the speakers finished, must set aside time to answer participants’ questions. Under normal circumstances, questions were very enthusiastic, the presiding officer, often repeated prompts: “time to mention only the last question.” The question, is also often raised his hand and said, “Please allow me to put the last question.” Many speakers, have done a carefully prepared in advance, came to power, the hands are holding the manuscript, but few scripted.

The mystery of the poor

Large disparity in India can be said, is the world’s most, 14 million population of Mumbai, as much as 770 million people living in slums, as high as 55%. However, such polar opposites in India, the social security situation, but still good, the crime rate is not high. Why are there so many people penniless, but few people take the risk, murder? India, basically, there is no trafficking in women and children, there is no collective smuggling. Although, many people sleep on the streets of India to beg for a living, but the illegal exit of the cases is very small, no one to rely as “snakeheads” to do “traffickers” for a living. Indian hospitals with blood donated by the community, have donated blood is responsible for the charitable organization, willing donors, pre-registered, if necessary, notifying them to the hospital to donate, not the poor in order to sell blood for a living.

Is also a mystery rich

The media, often seen on the charity of the rich in India reported. Many rich people in India, willing to do good, active charity. For example, in 2003, India’s Sahara Group chairman Roy’s eldest son at the wedding, the wedding for the 101 pairs of new money, held a mass wedding, and they donated a check for 200,000 rupees. On the third day, her youngest son at the engagement ceremony, the ED 140 000 poor people, free distribution of food. Many colleges and universities in India is a private, tuition is not too expensive (foreign students studying for a master’s degree tuition, room and board, a total of $ 6,000), relies entirely on tuition, the school simply do not keep the money come from? Contributions from the community. Public universities, especially as the Delhi University, Jawaharlal Nehru University, this well-known public universities, students are almost no pay, school board, a year tuition, food, housing, added together, only a RMB 1,600 yuan . Public university money come from? Major donations from the community also. India’s largest private sector consortium, “Tata Group”, formed a charity sponsored by the mechanism, its holding company, “Tata Son Limited”, with the following companies ranging from 25% -38% of the shares, and “Tata’s son.” 65% of the shares, is managed by two non-profit organization owned. 65% of profits into charitable funds, and then put into philanthropy. India’s richest man, Premji, a sponsor to do the 100 schools.

A mystery man

In India, men do women live, such as sweeping the floor, plaster, Duan Panzi. Restaurant staff, the family employed servants, the vast majority are men. Alcohol and tobacco, men in India, not so popular, very few people smoking, official dealings, and weddings and funerals, has never been offering each other cigarettes. India’s tobacco is 10 installed, and, short smoke than China. India’s pocket, put a pack of cigarettes, a lighter, much, many smokers prefer to buy one, smoke one, and often hide pumping.

Is also a mystery woman

Farming in the countryside, in the city, and clear the drains, debris removal, street cleaning, etc., mainly women in the dry. In many countries, Nanhunnvjia, the man always give the woman a considerable bride price; available in India, but on the contrary, a woman in marriage, you need a lot of dowry to the man escort, more middle-class family, but also to send a car. A British doctorate Brahmin, if you want to get married, then the woman’s dowry, may be 100 million rupees (nearly 20 million yuan). Cost of the wedding, but also by the woman’s burden. If you are not satisfied with her husband on the number of dowry, often scolding wife, wife to think bending beneath the heavy stress, many women were forced to commit suicide, many poor families, daughters, who were unable to dowry, only life not married, never in the boudoir. As in India, a girl, much greater than the pressure of a boy, in the future to pay the dowry, is a heavy burden. Therefore, in some cities, a number of private abortion clinics play slogan is: “Today, you spent 400 rupees; in the future, may save 40 million rupees.”

Officer, the same mystery

Indians may be afraid of heat, even in the Indian Defense Ministry building, Chief of Naval Staff, Air Force Chief of Staff and Army Chief of Staff of the highest military generals such as (the President is Commander in Chief) of office, did not install air conditioning. Summer, high temperatures, often around 45 degrees Celsius, their office, but only fans in turn, even Mahala Lancaster La Bangbang long room and banquet hall, and no air conditioning. Having regard to India too poor, or the officials who cherish every penny of taxpayers, and we mingle? In addition, the following from the Indian Prime Minister, any officer, riding, are of the same brand, same style, same color of the domestic cars. As well as people form such a concept: by foreign cars, luxury cars, not an officer.

The community, always a mystery

India train mileage, longer than China, but not ticket brokers, and no fake tickets. Indian trains, even if already moving, if you catch up along the platform, the car will be out of many hands, pull you one, and will set aside a place for you. India bus no doors, car start, some people still jumping up and down. Middle class, open the car out, the car, how many people can squeeze, you squeeze the number of people no less crowded, and stuffed into the trunk of the car, police commonplace, turn a blind eye. Car collided with the car, as long as can go, say “bye” to leave, never seen – so the quarrel. Indian hair, men and women separately. Promising men’s barber shop open, but also promising to open a woman’s beauty shop, barber for men not women, not men as women beauty. Indians open ballroom, must be men and women in pairs, to go; if a single person, without reception. Massage room, but also men and women are different, men and women separately.

Historically, India’s repeated a “Frankenstein.”
Buddha stood ready dauphin not do it, ran away from home, wandering for many years, devoted themselves in the cold and hunger, and finally enlightenment, founded Buddhism.
Raft pack friction that, born in Shi-li Zanying of the family, Zhongming Ding eat at home, but throw the rich abandoned you, from the wife of another son, became a monk, even in a large crowd being, but also year-round naked, even if the mosquitoes who bite, ants crawling on the body, but also run its course, not killing.
India, as well as life-long vegetarian, wearing their own spinning cloth, firmly rejected as president, and all other high – the father of India’s Gandhi.

The reason is a mystery, like the Indian country, because, here, does have a lot of eccentric, strange, strange phenomenon. This is the Chinese people, it may be difficult to understand.

Source: Adapted from “feel India” Author: Yuan Nansheng

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印度男子与39个妻子的真实生活(组图)

一个印度男子,拥有39个妻子,享着齐人之福。他的家庭,荣获世界上人口最多的大家庭称号。

这位67岁的男人,名叫Ziona。 住在印度东北部的Baktawng 村。他是基督教查那教派(Chana)的教主,这个教派,是他父亲查那在1942年创建的。这个教派,允许多妻制。他父亲查那,也娶了多位妻子,他将这种在穷乡僻壤娶穷人的女儿为妻的做法,看作拯救穷人的女儿,使他能照看她们,给她们更好的生活”。Ziona教主,娶了39位妻子,生了89个儿女,娶了14个儿媳妇,现在,又有了33个孙子孙女,因此,整个家庭的人口数,达到了181人(见上图)。这个大家庭,居住在下面这栋有一百个房间的四层建筑物里,真可谓举世无双。他们是如何生活的呢?

这个大家庭居住在这栋有一百个房间的四层建筑物里.这样一栋看上去挺新的楼,估计在当地,算最好的建筑之一了。

这是大家庭里较为年长的几位妻子,正在为一家人的吃饭忙碌着。据说,这个大家庭的一顿晚饭,要耗用30只鸡、132磅土豆、煮上220磅大米饭。这个大家庭,由最年长的妻子查西安吉(Zathiangi)掌管,由她来分配每天的家务活,整个家庭活动,有严格的纪律,有点像兵营一样。

齐沃纳的一位妻子,正在为大家准备早餐 ,印度

这就是楼房里的居住状况,也有很多人,是合住一间屋子的。妻子们轮流陪齐沃纳·查那先生睡觉,有一定的轮值规定。年轻的妻子就住在靠近齐沃纳卧室的附近;年长的,就睡得远一些

据说,最多的一年,齐沃纳娶了十个妻子,精力极其充沛。据齐沃纳先生自己说,他还会娶更多的妻子,甚至会娶个美国女孩回来。这是齐沃纳39位妻子中的28位老婆照片。
35岁的妻子灵克米妮(Rinkmini)说:“我们把他当作贵宾一样看待,都围着他转,何况,他是村里最英俊美貌的男子”。他快70岁了,样貌和身形,还过得去,而且,头发乌黑。又是个教主,多少有点儿学问,说明智商,也是同村出类拔萃的。这些没出过远门的女人认为:他最帅,也许有一定道理

合家欢。感觉这一大家子,面孔是印度国籍
欧洲的传教士,最早于1894年,来到此地,进行传教,不久后出现了当地的宗教复兴运动。由此,导致了大量教派的出现。基督教的不断深入传播,到二战结束的时候,米佐部落的原始宗教,已经消亡,取而代之的,是混有当地原始宗教文化的基督教新教派。
在窗里向外张望的,是齐沃纳的孙女碧克马维(Bikmawi)

齐沃纳的孙子与儿子们,在院子里,踢足球,要进行联赛的话,真可以组织起好几个足球队。

当地的村民们,正在做一只烤整猪,供齐沃纳家庭,作午餐菜肴

萨洛尼(Saroni,42岁,第12位妻子),与马努尼(Manuni,35岁,第32位妻子),正在将香蕉树枝的芯部切碎,用作喂猪的饲料。

齐沃纳的儿媳,正抱着他的一个孙子。

海尼(Heni,23岁)是齐沃纳的孙媳妇,也住在这栋楼里。

楼顶上,是晾晒衣服的地方,这么多人,居住在一起,要有足够的地方晾晒衣服。看来,这个家庭很和谐,分工明确,这是齐沃纳的一位妻子,她负责收晾干的衣服。

在齐沃纳与儿子们,开车前往教堂工地干活前,祖阿丽(Zuali,37岁,第22位妻子)正在为他整理一下衬衫的衣领。

一家人就可以组成一个施工队。现在,齐沃纳有这样一个庞大的家庭,另外,还有将近四百个家庭,追随齐沃纳,信奉这个查那教派。整个米佐拉姆邦,有80个类似的基督教教派。这个教派,经营一些手工业,制作木制家具和铝制品。曾经想迁往孟加拉,因受到孟加拉的地下组织倾轧,不得不搬回原处。
Indian man with 39 wives in real life (Photos)

An Indian man with 39 wives, to enjoy the blessing of Qi. His family, won the world’s most populous family title.

The 67-year-old man, named Ziona. Lived in northeast India Baktawng village. Check that he is a Christian denomination (Chana) the leader of this sect, his father Charles was created in 1942. This sect, which allows polygamy. His father Charles was also married many wives, he would marry in the backcountry of this daughter of poor practice, as the daughter of the poor to save, so that he can take care of them, give them a better life “. Ziona leader , married 39 wives, 89 children born, married a daughter 14, and now there are 33 grandchildren, so the population of the entire family, reaching 181 people (see above), this family living in this building below a hundred rooms in four buildings, described as unique in the world. how they live it?

The family lived in this building a hundred-room four-story building. This one looks very new building, estimated at the local, considered one of the best buildings.

This is a family where several wives are older, is a meal for a busy person. It is said that the family dinner meal to consume 30 chickens, 132 pounds of potatoes, cook 220 pounds of rice. This family, by the most senior wife, Charles Xian Ji (Zathiangi) in charge, assigned by her daily chores, the family activities, strict discipline, a bit like the same barracks.

Qi Wona a wife, is preparing breakfast for everyone, India

This is the building where the living conditions, many people are sharing a room. His wife took turns to accompany Mr. Qi Wona check that sleep, have a certain rotation requirements. Young wife lived in the vicinity of the bedroom near the Qi Wona; older, they sleep away some of the

It is said that most of the year, Qi Wona married ten wives, energy is extremely abundant. According to Mr. Qi Wona said to myself, he will marry more wives, and even married an American girl back. This is the Qi Wona 39 of 28 wives wife photos.
35-year-old wife, Ling Ke Mini (Rinkmini) said: “We treat him the same as the VIP, all around him, not to mention, he is a beautiful village, most handsome man.” He was almost 70 years old, appearance and stature, but also decent, and hair black. Is a leader, how much a little knowledge, shows intelligence, but also outstanding in the same village. These not too far out of the door the woman that: he the most handsome, there may be some truth

Carnival. We feel this child, faces the Indian nationality
European missionaries, the first in 1894, came here, to preach, and soon after the local religious revival movement. As a result, led to the emergence of a large number of sects. Deepening spread of Christianity, to the end of World War II, Mizo tribes of primitive religion, have disappeared, replaced, is mixed with the local primitive Christian Protestant religion and culture.
Inside looking out the window, is the granddaughter of Bike Qiwo Na Ma (Bikmawi)

Qi Wona’s grandson and his sons, in the yard, playing football, the league would want to really be organized several soccer team.

Local villagers who are doing a whole roasted pig, for Qi Wona home for lunch dishes

Saluo Ni (Saroni, 42-year-old, 12 wives), and Manu Ni (Manuni, 35 years old, 32 wives), the core is the Ministry of chopped banana tree, used as pigs feed.

Qiwo Na’s daughter, is holding one of his grandson.

Haynie (Heni, 23 years old) is Qiwo Na Sun wife, also lived in this building.

Roof, is a place for drying clothes, so many people, living together, there must be enough space for drying clothes. It seems that this family is very harmonious, clear division of labor, which is Qiwo Na, a wife, she was responsible for close to dry clothes.

In Qiwo Na and sons drove to the church before the site work, Zu Ali (Zuali, 37 years old, 22 wives) is to sort out his shirt collar.

A person can form a construction team. Now, Qi Wona have such a large family, in addition, there are nearly 400 families, follow Qiwo Na, check that the sect believed in this. The entire Mizoram, 80 similar to the Christian denominations. This sect, operating some of the handicrafts, wooden furniture and aluminum production. Had wanted to move to Bangladesh, who have been underground organization in Bangladesh strife, had moved back to original position.