中国崛起,不代表我们衰落

中国崛起,不代表我们衰落
2011.09.08

本文,由美国副总统约瑟夫∙R∙ 拜登(Joseph R. Biden Jr.)撰写,发表在2011年9月8日的《 纽约时报 》(New York Times)上。以下是文章的中译文。原文,见www.nytimes.com

我首次访问中国,是在1979年两国关系正常化几个月后。当时,中国刚刚开始重建经济,我作为第一个参议院访华代表团的成员,见证了这个演变的阶段。上个月,我再次访问中国,发现中国,在32年中,发生了多大的变化.中国的崛起,令人瞩目,然而,由此引发的争论,依然似曾相识。

那时,如同现在一样,有人担心:国力日增的中国,对美国和全世界意味着什么。美国和该地区的某些人,视中国的崛起,为一种威胁,津津乐道地谈论冷战式的对峙,或大国间的对抗。有一些中国人担心,我们在亚太地区的目标,是遏制中国的崛起。

对这些观点,我无法苟同。我们很了解,人们对中国日益增强的军力,及其意图等问题,忧心忡忡。正是因为如此,我们正与中国军方接触,希望能了解和影响他们的看法。正是因为如此,总统指示美国:与我们的盟国一道,在该地区,保持强大的存在。我对中国领导人和民众说,美国是一个太平洋大国,并将继续是太平洋大国。

但我仍然坚信,中国的成功,可促进我国的繁荣,不会削弱我国的繁荣。

随着贸易和投资,将我们两国紧密地联系在一起,各自的成功,对彼此,都息息相关。从全球安全,到全球经济增长等各种问题,(美国,中国)两国,面临共同的挑战,肩负共同的责任。因此,两国有合作的动力。这就是我国政府努力使两国关系,建立在稳定基础上的原因。我曾与习副主席在一起,度过了十几个小时,所以,我相信中国领导人,也认同这一点。

我们常常十分注意中国对美国的出口,但,去年,美国公司向中国,出口了价值1,000多亿美元的产品和服务,支持了美国数十万个就业岗位。事实上,美国对中国出口的增长速度,远远超过对世界其他地区的出口。

我见到的中国领导人都知道,中国必须从出口、投资和重工业推动的经济,转向更多地由消费与服务推动的经济。这包括-继续采取步骤重估人民币的币值,提供对他们市场的公平准入。随着美国人增加储蓄,中国人扩大消费,这一转型,将加速进行,从而为我们创造机会。

(美国,中国)两国在合作的同时,也在相互竞争。我坚信,美国可以,而且必将通过这场竞争,兴旺发达。

首先,我们需要恰当地看待中国经济力量的增长。据国际货币基金组织(International Monetary Fund)提供的数据,美国的国内生产总值(gross domestic product,GDP),接近15万亿美元,仍为中国GDP的两倍多;我国的人均GDP,是47,000多美元,是中国人均GDP的11倍。

人们常常对中国“持有”美国债权一事,议论纷纷,但实际情况是,是美国人本身,持有美国的债权。中国,仅持有8%未偿还的财政部债券,而美国人,持有将近70%。我们承诺:毫不动摇地履行我们的金融责任,不仅为了海外持有人的利益,也是为了美国人民的利益。这就是美国从未发生债务违约,且永远不会违约的原因。

也许更重要的是,21世纪的竞争,本质上有利于美国。20世纪,我们主要通过自然资源、陆地面积、人口和军队,衡量一个国家的财富。21世纪,一个国家真正的财富,在于人民的创造性思维和创新能力。

我在成都告诉学生们,美国在创新方面,得天独厚。竞争,是我国社会结构的有机组成部分。竞争,使世世代代的美国人,将改变世界的构想,变为现实——从轧棉机,到飞机、微型芯片、国际互联网等等。

我们的实力,来源于我们的政治和经济制度,来源于我们教育子女的方式——对已经确立的正统观念,不是简单地接受,也敢于挑战和加以改进。我们不仅接纳,而且鼓励自由表达和激烈的辩论。法治保护私人财产,提供投资的可预见性,责有攸归,无论贫富。我们的大学,仍然是全世界学生和学者最向往的目的地。我们欢迎有技能、有雄心和渴望改善自己生活的移民。

美国的优势,目前来看,是中国的弱点。我在中国提出的主张是,中国向创新经济过渡,需要开放其体制,特别是人权方面。人人皆应享有基本的权利,中国人民也渴望行使这些权利。自由,可释放一个人的全部潜力,而缺乏自由,则会酿成祸乱。开放和自由的社会,最有助于促进长期增长、稳定、繁荣和创新。

我们本身,也有工作要做。我们必须保证任何愿意工作的美国人,都能找到一份好工作。我们需要继续吸引全世界的顶尖人才。我们必须继续为我国实力的来源投资:教育、基础设施和创新。但,我们的未来,掌握在我们自己手中。如果我们采取大胆的措施,美国没有任何理由不比以往更繁荣昌盛。

我作为副总统,前往全世界各地,已经走了50万英里的路。每次回国,我都感到:对我们的未来,同样充满信心。有些人可能会发出美国衰落的警告,但我不认为如此。我可以向你们保证:根据我在中国的经历,中国人,也不认为如此。

[约瑟夫·R.拜登,是美国副总统。]

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China’s rise, the decline does not mean we
2011.09.08

This, by the U.S. Vice President Joseph Biden ∙ R ∙ (Joseph R. Biden Jr.) Wrote, published in the September 8, 2011 “New York Times” (New York Times) on. The following is the article in the translation. Original text, see http://www.nytimes.com

I first visited China in 1979, months after the normalization of bilateral relations. At that time, China has just begun to rebuild the economy, as the first member of the Senate delegation to China, witnessed the evolution of the stage. Last month, I visit China again and found that China, in 32 years, what changes have taken place in China’s rise, remarkable, however, triggered the controversy, is still familiar.

Then, as now, was worried: the growing strength of China, the United States and the world what it means. United States and some in the region, as the rise of China as a threat, relish talking about the Cold War-style confrontation, or a confrontation between the great powers. Some Chinese fear that our goal in the Asia Pacific region, is to contain China’s rise.

Of these views, I can not agree. We understand that people in China’s growing military power, and its intentions and so on, worried. That is why we are working with the Chinese military contacts, hoping to understand and influence their views. That is why the President directed the United States: with our allies in the region, maintaining a strong presence. I said the Chinese leaders and people in the United States is a Pacific country, and will continue to Pacific countries.

But I still firmly believe that China’s success, can promote the prosperity of our country, not weaken our country’s prosperity.

As trade and investment, our two countries closer together, their success and to each other, are closely related. From global security, global economic growth and other issues, (U.S., China) countries, facing common challenges and shoulder common responsibility. Therefore, the power of co-operation between the two countries. This is the Government for its efforts to bring bilateral relations, established on the basis of stability reasons. I worked with Vice President Xi together, spent ten hours, so I believe the Chinese leaders also agree to this.

We always pay great attention to China’s exports to the U.S., but last year, U.S. companies to China, and exported $ 1,000 million worth of products and services to support the United States hundreds of thousands of jobs. In fact, U.S. exports to China’s growth rate, far exceeding the rest of the world’s exports.

I saw the Chinese leaders know that China must export, investment and heavy industry-driven economy, turning more to the consumer and service-driven economy. This included – continue to take steps to revalue the currency, providing fair access to their markets. With the Americans to increase savings, expand the Chinese consumer, this transformation will be accelerated, thereby creating opportunities for us.

(USA, China) in cooperation between the two countries, while also competing. I firmly believe that the United States can, and will through this competition and prosperity.

First, we need to properly look at the growth of China’s economic strength. According to the IMF (International Monetary Fund) to provide data, the U.S. GDP (gross domestic product, GDP), nearly 15 trillion U.S. dollars, still more than twice China’s GDP; China’s per capita GDP, is 47,000 U.S. dollars, China’s GDP per capita 11 times.

Chinese people often “hold” the United States regarding claims, talking about, but the reality is that Americans themselves, holding U.S. debt. China, holding only 8% of the outstanding Treasury bonds, while the Americans, holding nearly 70%. We are committed to: unswervingly fulfill our financial responsibility, not only for the interests of foreign holders, but also to the American people’s interests. This is the United States has never happened debt default, and will never breach of contract reason.

Perhaps more importantly, competition in the 21st century, in essence, help the United States. The 20th century, primarily through our natural resources, land area, population and the army, to measure a country’s wealth. The 21st century, the real wealth of a country lies in the people’s creative thinking and innovation.

I told the students in Chengdu, the United States in innovation, unique. Competition, is the integral part of social structure. Competition, so that generations of Americans will change the world of ideas into reality – from the cotton gin, the airplane, micro chip, the Internet and so on.

Our strength comes from our political and economic systems, from the way we educate their children – have already been established orthodoxy, not simply to accept, but also the courage to challenge and improvement. We not only accept but encourage free expression and vigorous debate. Rule of law, protection of private property, investment predictability, responsibility has a rich return, rich and poor. Our universities, students and scholars around the world is still the most desirable destinations. We welcome the skills, ambition and desire to improve their own lives of immigrants.

America’s advantage, now, is China’s weakness. I proposed the idea in China, China to innovation and economic transition needs to open up its system, in particular human rights. Everyone should enjoy basic human rights, the Chinese people are eager to exercise those rights. Freedom to the release of a person’s full potential, and lack of freedom, will lead to bring disaster. Open and free society, the most help to promote long-term growth, stability, prosperity and innovation.

Our own, also have work to do. We must ensure that any Americans are willing to work, can find a good job. We need to continue to attract top talent around the world. We must continue to the source of strength for our investment: education, infrastructure and innovation. However, our future lies in our own hands. If we take bold steps, there is no reason the U.S. is more prosperous than ever.

As vice president, went around the world, has gone 500,000 miles of road. Each home, I feel: our future, the same confidence. Some people may decline to issue a warning the U.S., but I do not think so. I can assure you: According to my experiences in China, Chinese, do not think so.

[Joseph R. Biden, Vice President of the United States. ]

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English, automatic translation by Google; in Chinese shall prevail; punctuation, there are changes, in order to help Google translation; punctuation changes, without consent of the original authors agree that special note!

英语,由谷歌自动翻译;以汉语为准;标点符号,有改动,为了有利于谷歌翻译;标点符号改动,未征得原文作者同意,特注!

中国崛起,不代表我们衰落
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Dear Friend,

Thank you for your message. On behalf of President Obama, we
appreciate hearing from you. The President has promised the
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In order to better handle the millions of electronic messages
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Message Notification
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时 间:2011年9月9日(星期五) 上午8:30 纯文本 |
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Dear Friend,

Thank you for your message. On behalf of Vice President Biden, we
appreciate hearing from you. The President has promised the
most transparent administration in history, and we are committed
to listening to and responding to you.

In order to better handle the millions of electronic messages
we are receiving and respond more quickly, we have implemented a
new contact form on our website:

http://www.whitehouse.gov/contact-vp/

Please note that this web form has replaced
vicepresident@whitehouse.gov. That email address is no longer
monitored, so we encourage you to resubmit your message
through the link above. Thank you for using the web form and
helping us improve communications with you.

Sincerely,

The Office of The Vice President