北约在利比亚的 军费支出-五角大楼公布美军利比亚行动花费,2011年8月23日消息:据美国广播公司报道,五角大楼8月22日宣布,截至7月31日,美军对利比亚的军事干预,已经花费纳税人大约8.96亿美元。

北约在利比亚的 军费支出-五角大楼公布美军利比亚行动花费,2011年8月23日消息:据美国广播公司报道,五角大楼8月22日宣布,截至7月31日,美军对利比亚的军事干预,已经花费纳税人大约8.96亿美元。
美国国防部表示,利比亚的这笔开支中,包括了美军的日常军事行动、弹药花费以及人道主义援助。美军已经承诺:向利比亚“全国过渡委员会”提供2500万美元的非致命性援助,其中一半,以反政府武装军需口粮的方式供给。今年5月,美军曾向班加西的反政府武装,提供12万份伊斯兰军需口粮;6月,又提供了,包括医疗用品、战靴、帐篷、军服和个人防护装备在内的第二批援助。
美国国防部的统计数字显示,自今年4月1日起,在对利比亚的军事干预中,美军共出动了5316架次飞机,其中319架次,发生在最近的12天里。在此期间,美军共执行1210个空袭任务,及101个“捕食者”无人机攻击任务。 国防部指出,美军向北约盟友销售军事装备所得,抵消了美军行动的部分花费。自3月以来,美军已向参与利比亚军事行动的北约盟友,售出了总额达2.21亿美元的军事装备,其中,包括弹药、装备零部件、燃料和技术援助。
伊拉克战争,美军花费了6030亿美元。美国,目前在阿富汗,驻军10万人,每月花费100亿美元。与上述两笔支出相比,在利比亚花费,不到10亿美元,似乎很是微不足道。美军利比亚行动花费较少,主要基于3点原因:最主要的是,因为美军并未向利比亚派遣地面部队,节省了大量的后勤补给开支;北约帮助美军分摊了部分费用;利比亚行动相对而言,时间较短,仅有5个多月。

英国利比亚行动开支逾4亿美元,发布时间:2011年06月23日,英国国防大臣利亚姆·福克斯说,英国在利比亚6个月的军事行动开支,至少2.6亿英镑(约合4.15亿美元)。
福克斯当天,在写给议会议员的一份书面声明中说,英国参与空袭行动,预计开支“大约”1.2亿英镑(=1.9亿美元)。如果空袭,以同样频率继续,英国需再支出1.4亿英镑(=2.25亿美元),以更换导弹和其他军火。
最新数字显示,3月19日,至6月14日,英军战机和直升机,在利比亚执行200架次轰炸任务。
3月19日,美国、英国和法国,率先对利比亚实施军事打击。同月底,北约从美国手中,全面接管行动指挥权。本月1日,北约决定:将对利比亚军事行动,延长90天,至9月底。
英国政府最近,面临要求公开利比亚军事行动开支的压力。今年3月,英国财政大臣乔治·奥斯本说,利比亚军事行动开支“不会数以亿计,而是数以千万英镑计”。
福克斯说,英国财政部已同意:动用储备金,支付利比亚行动费用。

法国为利比亚军事行动花费8700万欧元,发布时间:2011年,巴黎,6月20日,法国国防部副发言人蓬蒂说,自3月19日,法国率先发动对利比亚的军事行动以来,法国政府已花费8700万欧元。
20日出版的法国《 巴黎人报》,以《 巨大的额外负担》为题,在头版头条报道了法军在利比亚军事行动的开销。蓬蒂说,法军在利比亚的军事行动,平均每天花费将近100万欧元。文章预测,随着法军在利比亚海岸增派部队,法军开销,还将进一步增加。
法国是否有人力、物力和财力来应对这场旷日持久的军事行动?据悉,法国已派遣4000多名官兵,投入到打击利比亚的军事行动中,所幸,迄今为止,还没有人员伤亡。
近日,法国空军和海军参谋部均表示,如果对利比亚的军事行动继续,法国军方将面临人员和物资短缺问题。

法国、美国、英国和其他北约国家“打着设立禁飞区”旗号,对利比亚境内目标发动的空袭活动,进入了第三天。据悉,仅仅在19日一天,西方国家,为开展空袭活动就花掉了1亿多美元;完全摧毁利比亚设在地中海沿岸的防空力量,支出4亿,到8亿美元。

在打掉了利比亚的防空系统后,西方国家战机,开始维持所谓的“禁飞区”。如果各国战机,只在利比亚东部上空巡逻,每周花销,在3000,到1亿美元之间。假如西方国家最终决定,将“禁飞区”扩大至利比亚全境,预计每周支出,将在1亿,到3亿美元左右。

北约公布的最新数据,截至本月18日,北约一共出动4400多架次战机发动空袭,摧毁了卡扎菲当局的军事目标,近2000个,包括,大约100多个指挥及控制中心、众多的弹药库、坦克、装甲车及火箭发射装置。

奥巴马,利比亚战火,美国对利比亚军事行动的费用,已超过7亿美元。

利比亚,是一个典型的石油经济国家,95%以上的出口收入,来自石油。自上世纪50年代,发现石油以来,利比亚的石油开采,及炼油工业发展迅速。
据国际能源署(IEA)数据,利比亚已探明石油储量,约为464亿桶,为非洲之最,世界排名第九。除了丰富的石油资源,利比亚还拥有1.48万亿立方米天然气储量。

陷入战火前的利比亚,日均出口130万桶原油,这个数字,仅占全球石油供应的2%,但利比亚石油质量很高,几乎全为硫含量极低的高品质原油,一直是国际原油市场的抢手货。

利比亚生产的原油,大部分用于出口,大约85%,销往与利比亚隔海相望的欧洲大陆,其中,意大利占22%,法国、瑞士、爱尔兰和奥地利,各15%左右。

意大利埃尼、英国BP、法国道达尔、西班牙雷普索尔,以及奥利地石油公司OMV,都曾是利比亚的重要石油生产商。部分美国公司,在利比亚拥有石油业务,其中,包括康菲石油这样的大牌石油公司,以及一些规模较小的独立石油公司

NATO military expenditures in Libya – Libya’s actions cost the Pentagon announced the U.S., August 23, 2011 News: According to ABC reports, the Pentagon announced on August 22, ended July 31, the U.S. military intervention against Libya , has cost taxpayers about $ 896 million.
U.S. Department of Defense said the Libya of this expenditure, including the U.S. military’s daily military operations, spent ammunition and humanitarian assistance. The U.S. military has promised: to Libya, “the National Transition Council” to provide $ 25 million in non-lethal aid, half of them to rebel military rations way supply. In May, the U.S. military had Benghazi rebels, providing 12 million copies of the Islamic military rations; June, also provided, including medical supplies, boots, tents, uniforms and personal protective equipment, including second assistance.
U.S. Department of Defense statistics show that since April 1 this year, the military intervention in Libya, the U.S. military planes were sent out 5316, including 319 vehicles, in the last 12 days. In the meantime, the U.S. military carried out air raids task 1210, and 101 “Predator” drone attack mission. Department of Defense that the U.S. military equipment sales to NATO allies, the proceeds to offset the cost of some U.S. military action. Since March, the U.S. military has been involved in Libya’s NATO ally, sold a total of $ 221 million of military equipment, including ammunition, equipment, spare parts, fuel and technical assistance.
The war in Iraq, the U.S. military spent $ 603 billion. United States, in Afghanistan, 10 million troops, the monthly cost of $ 10 billion. Compared with the above two expenditures in Libya to spend less than $ 1 billion, seems to be negligible. Libya, the U.S. military action less costly, mainly based on three reasons: most notably, because the U.S. does not send ground troops to Libya, save a lot of logistical expenses; NATO to help the U.S. share some of the costs; Libya action In contrast, shorter, only 5 months.

Libya’s actions cost the UK more than $ 400 million Date: June 23, 2011, British Defense Secretary Liam Fox said the British in Libya for six months of military operations expenditures, at least 260 million pounds (about 4 .15 billion).
Fox the same day, in a letter to Parliament in a written statement that the British participation in air strikes, is expected to cost “around” 1.2 billion pounds (= 1.9 million). If the air strikes continue in the same frequency, the United Kingdom should be subject to spending £ 140 million (= 2.25 billion U.S. dollars) to replace the missiles and other arms.
The latest figures show that on March 19, June 14, British fighter planes and helicopters, 200 vehicles in the bombing of Libya perform the task.
March 19, United States, Britain and France, the first military strikes against Libya. With the end of NATO from the United States to take full control action command. 1st of this month, NATO decided: Libyan military action will extend 90 days from the end of September.
The British government recently, the Libyan request for a public facing spending pressures of military operations. In March, the British Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne said that the Libyan military spending “will not be hundreds of millions, but tens of ten thousand pounds dollars.”
Fox said the UK Treasury has agreed to: the use of reserves to pay Libya operational costs.

French military action in Libya to spend 87 million euros, Published: 2011, Paris, June 20, the French Defense Ministry deputy spokesman Ponte said that since March 19, the first in France to launch military action against Libya since the French government has spent 87 million euros.
20, published in French “Le Parisien”, the “huge additional burden” in the title, the French army in the headlines reported the cost of military operations in Libya. Ponti said the French military operations in Libya, the average daily cost of nearly 100 million euros. Article predicted, with the French coast in Libya to send more troops, French military spending, will further increase.
France have the human, material and financial resources to deal with the protracted military action? It is reported that France has sent more than 4,000 soldiers, into military action against Libya, but fortunately, so far, no casualties.
Recently, both the French Air Force and Navy Staff, said that if military action against Libya to continue, France will face military personnel and material shortages.

France, the United States, Britain and other NATO countries, “the name of the establishment of no-fly zone” under the banner of the air strikes targets in Libya activities into a third day. It is reported that only in 19 day, Western countries, in order to carry out activities on the air than $ 100 million spent; completely destroyed in the Mediterranean coast of Libya’s air defense forces, spending 400 million to $ 800 million.

In the Libyan air defense systems destroyed, the West aircraft, began to maintain the so-called “no-fly zone.” If countries fighters, only over the patrol in eastern Libya, spending a week in 3000, to 1 billion. If the final decision of Western countries, the “no-fly zone” extended to the whole territory of Libya, estimated weekly expenditures will be 100 million to about $ 300 million.

NATO released the latest data, as of 18th of this month, NATO dispatched a total of more than 4400 aircraft sorties launched air strikes, destroying the military target Gaddafi, nearly 2,000, including about 100 command and control centers, many of ammunition, tanks, armored vehicles and rocket launchers.

Obama, the Libyan war, the U.S. military action against Libya cost more than $ 700 million.

Libya, is a typical oil-economy countries, more than 95% of export earnings from oil. Since the 1950s, since the discovery of oil, Libya’s oil production and oil refining industry has developed rapidly.
According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) data, Libya has proven oil reserves of about 464 million barrels, the highest in Africa, the world number nine. In addition to the rich oil resources, Libya also has 1.48 trillion cubic meters of natural gas reserves.

Into Libya before the war, exports 1.3 million barrels of crude oil daily, this figure represents only 2% of global oil supply, but the Libyan oil of high quality, nearly all of the sulfur content of low quality crude oil, international crude oil market has been instant hit.

Libya’s crude oil production, mostly for export, about 85% sold and the European continent across the sea of ​​Libya, which accounted for 22% of Italy, France, Switzerland, Ireland and Austria, each about 15%.

Italy’s ENI, British BP, Total of France, Repsol of Spain, as well as the Austrian oil company OMV, have a major oil producer in Libya. Some U.S. companies, with oil operations in Libya, which, including big oil companies like ConocoPhillips, as well as some smaller independent oil companies