NATO – Libya expenses
Beginning of the war, according to a Washington think tank, “Strategic and Budgetary Assessments” (CSBA) assessment of U.S. military operations in the first round of the cost, about $ 800 million; the future, the average weekly spending, will be up to $ 100 million. August 22, according to the Pentagon announced that as of July 31, the U.S. military intervention against Libya, has cost taxpayers about $ 896 million.
According to British media, statistics, air strikes in the first four days, the UK has spent £ 28.5 million (about $ 47 million).
French government is the main coalition air strikes since the beginning of the French daily cost for 120 million euros (U.S. $ 1.7 million).
Italy is provided by destroyers and frigates, the daily maintenance of 10 million euros. Military expenditure
Libya has a lot of interest in France and Italy lost. With the outbreak of civil war, Libya, Libyan oil the club – Italian Eni (Eni), Spain’s Repsol (Repsol), France’s Total (Total), Norway’s national oil company (Statoil) and other international oil giants who have pulled out of Libya, with heavy losses.
French oil giant Total Group – Total Group second quarter and first half of the average daily production of oil and gas, were reduced to 231 million barrels and 234 million barrels, down 2% year on year.
French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe said: “You know: France to help the Libyan people freed from dictatorship, was how much of the investment, the French take a great risk.”
Italy – Libya’s biggest foreign-made oil company, ENI, the Italian oil imports, dependence on Libya, the largest, reaching 37.6 million barrels a day.
European, Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini, August 24, claimed that ENI’s technical staff has left for eastern Libya, to restart the local oil production. ENI, in Libya, occupied “first position.”
Libyan war, so the Libyan people suffered a huge loss of property. It is reported that Libya’s gross domestic product last year, about $ 90 billion in public spending, nearly $ 40 billion, per capita income of $ 15,000.
Crude oil output, the pre-war, 160 million barrels of Libyan crude oil production, domestic daily consumption of 27 million barrels, the rest, are exported last six months of intense civil war, has led to Libya halted oil economy to a standstill.
According to Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), as in the pre-war statistics – Libya, is the world’s 12th largest, Africa’s third largest oil producer, has 440 billion barrels of proven oil reserves, has Africa’s largest crude oil reserves. Nissan 160 million barrels of crude oil, domestic daily consumption of only 27 million barrels, the rest, are exported. Before the Civil War, Libya Nissan 160 million barrels of oil, half a year of civil war, it dropped to 5 million barrels / day.
July 21, the Libyan Minister of the Government’s fiscal plan – Abu Doha non 茨泽里塔尼 announced that Libya military conflict has been caused to the country about 500 billion U.S. dollars economic loss. “Costly conflict, most of the losses, from oil and gas exports pause, stop oil exports by only giving up income, about $ 20 billion.”
Goldman Sachs report, Libya’s oil production back to work, faster than expected, will be 12 to 18 months to restore the daily output of 58.5 million barrels. Based on past experience, political turmoil caused by the disruption of oil production, will take a long time to recover. In 2003, the war in Iraq, for example, its oil infrastructure, generally unaffected, but its exports until the end of 2008, when political chaos, was restored to prewar levels.
Case of Libya, may be worse. During the war, Libya crude oil production accounts for about 2 / 3 of the most important oil-producing Sirte Basin, Libya and a number of important oil export port, all in varying degrees of damage, coupled with international oil companies to withdraw staff, as of now, these production area, close to zero.
Central Bank of Libya and Libyan sovereign wealth funds, “the Libyan Investment Authority,” a total of approximately $ 168 billion of overseas assets, of which about $ 50 billion in bank deposits in the form, stored in Germany, Britain, France, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Belgium and the Netherlands and other European countries. Meanwhile, the two institutions, holding about 400 billion of U.S. and European government bonds. But, these assets have basically been frozen in Western countries.
Petroleum Resources – Libya has Africa’s most abundant oil and gas resources, last year, daily oil production reached 180 million barrels.
Libya’s oil output, 85% exported to Europe, Germany is the main importing countries.
Germany, “Business Times” earlier reports said that last year, Germany’s total crude oil imports from Libya, an estimated 30 million euros;
German exports to Libya, the total value of the product, only about 1 billion euros
International Conference of German Industry and Commerce, Deputy Director – 费里加特诺伊加 special