“拼”掉钢铁巨鳄； “吞”下澳洲矿山。2012年09月10日04:49 ；来源：重庆日报
The “fight” out of the steel giant; “swallow” under Australian mining. Sep. 10, 2012 04:49; Source: Chongqing Daily
Istanbul Xin mine construction site. Heavy steel
Asian steel Australia CEO Bill Mike Nitz.
Staff in Macao heavy steel door ceremony introduced mine.
Western Australian capital of Perth.
Chongqing Iron & Steel Group
Going Global event
Heavy steel Minerals Development Investment Limited few years Investments Limited, and its Asia Iron Holdings Limited, a wholly-owned subsidiary, signed an investment framework agreement, the heavy steel ore vote, to less than $ 280 million on price, access to the latter in Australia has magnetite and 60% stake in coal assets.
Going out time
Characteristics of the project
Chongqing Iron & Steel enterprises to win the competition with domestic and international steel giant, involved in international mining and investment markets, ore sources of problems to solve critical business survival and development.
One of the project, is stepping up the construction process is expected to end in 2013. In 2014, a mine into production, and to achieve the goal of an annual output of 10 million tons of high-quality magnetite.
Heavy steel scored big iron ore in Australia
Over the years, the managers of heavy steel, have been “card” with the feeling of the throat, because their corporate dependence on iron ore imports up to 60% or more. Change this embarrassment, the heavy steel tentacles extended to the overseas
Steel Asia Australia CEO Bill Mike Nitz remember, win Istanbul Xin mining right, LIU Jia, chairman of the heavy steel was smiling from ear to ear like, “It could be seen, it is a can not hide excitement . ”
Battle in the field of mining, heavy steel opponents, to make iron and steel giant: from the Capital Iron and Steel Group, Wuhan Iron and Steel Group, and then to the final of the China Minmetals Group …… this win, heavy steel is no different from the jaws of death wins food.
“Liu, chairman of the excitement is normal, because of the heavy steel master quality mines, equal to the lifeline of enterprise development, in their own hands.” Mike Nitz said.
He said: “At present, the iron ore needed for the production of iron and steel enterprises in China, more than 60%, to be imported from abroad does not change this situation, the Chinese iron and steel enterprises will be very passive.”
Heavy steel is a case in point: a long time, its iron ore imports over 60%, mainly from Brazil and India, once the ore price fluctuations, or import blocked, the enterprises have no rice on “dangerous. In particular, in recent years, with capacity expanding, heavy steel, iron ore demand, more than ten million tons.
Heavy steel in the domestic the Qijiang iron ore, Xichang Taihe Iron and Shaanxi number of small mines, the sum of the capacity, but 60 million tons. Huge gap overseas to find mine, is the only way.
The door ceremony Chongqing Iron & Steel Group in Asia steel Australian company equity Coordinator, he recalls, 2009, heavy steel exposed to Asia Iron Holdings Limited of Hong Kong, Asian Steel has the Australian Istanbul Xin iron mining rights, mine is a typical high-quality iron ore, it is consistent with the needs of heavy steel. At this point, which is difficult because the funding chain, intends through the issuance of a 60% stake, and looking for partners.
In June of the same year, the two sides came into contact with.
Heavy steel shot, Capital Iron and Steel Group, Wuhan Iron and Steel Group and China Minmetals Group, have tried to purchase the Istanbul 鑫 mine from the hands of Asian steel. However, the first two groups, worked because of the acquisition process, financial and other reasons, the failure to achieve the acquisition target.
So, the rest of the China Minmetals Group and the heavy steel to start the final showdown.
Opportunity to, you can not let go. To get the mining rights, heavy steel, while intensify and iSteelAsia “love”; side, began to rival Minmetals lobbying. Finally, taking into account the combination of heavy steel and Asian steel is a “consensual” Minmetals agreed to let go.
The end of 2010, the heavy steel to get the Asian steel issuance of $ 280 million, a 60% stake. The cooperation, subsequently, through the corporate net survey, Australia’s Foreign Investment Review Board and the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Commerce for approval, came into effect.
A “money scene” immeasurable “Gold Mountain”
Istanbul Xin Mine is a high-quality iron ore: estimated reserves of 1.68 billion tons, two tons of ore, will be able to elect one ton of iron ore; ordinary mines to four tons of ore to be called a “Jinshan”
50-year-old Bill Mike Nitz, battle-hardened Mining expert global footprint ore resource-rich region. The above paragraph, describe what they saw Istanbul the Xin iron mines. In his eyes, Istanbul Xin is a rare piece of good ore.
“This is a natural high-quality iron ore, investigation resources of 1.668 billion tons, the long-term reserves of over 50 million tons, can be mined for hundreds of years. Average ore grade of 39.4% up to 68.5% iron concentrate grade after beneficiation! ‘
This quality, in the global iron ore resources, but also rare. Get such an iron ore meant heavy steel, will help heavy steel, has its own independent ore supply system, completely self-sufficient in iron ore supply system will be fully formed.
Mike Nitz said, in the steel industry with the capacity to greatly respect the “environment, capacity, heavy steel that is not top-notch, you can through the mines to provide high-quality iron ore, forging a better quality product to obtain long-term market acceptance.
The benefits do not stop there. With the mine into production, heavy steel production cost of raw materials prices, but also greatly reduced.
Mike Nitz calculations to reporters: heavy steel a year needed for the production of more than 800 million tons of iron ore, more than 60% from overseas procurement. But ore price fluctuations, heavy steel 10 billion more each year to pay the costs.
At present, the international iron ore price, the highest, $ 200 per tonne, low, to $ 100. Mike Nitz said: “According to the current cost levels, heavy steel in Australia from mining, the cost per ton of $ 50, plus shipping, finally, the cost per ton of $ 80, which is a huge cost advantage.”
Go away to see, after the Istanbul Xinshan iron ore put into operation, it will completely solve the bottleneck of heavy steel resources, one hundred billion boost heavy steel sprint Group. According to the planning of heavy steel, 2015, its basically completed the 1,000-ton, 100 billion yuan-class enterprise group.
From the national strategic level, Istanbul Xin mine exploitation, but also for the Chinese iron and steel enterprises in the layout of the world’s raw material, adding a solid foundation.
Go out and have to face the homework
Heavy steel to the implementation of the industrial exploitation of Istanbul Xin mine, they are confronted with strict environmental evaluation of the Australian Government, the difficulty of exploitation, the construction of pipelines, high labor costs, financial stress and other problems, the difficulty of which is beyond the heavy steel expected
In 2010, the heavy steel smug, came to this mine. The scene in front of the door ceremony, surprise: “In addition the laterite, wilderness rambling, I do not see!”
Istanbul Xin mine the depths of the Western Australian hinterland, more than 500 km from the state capital Perth, barrier planes and buses. Either rent a landing at airstrips small aircraft flying past; either rent mad Britain 5 hours on the bus in the wilderness.
Staff as the first batch to Australia’s heavy steel door ceremony witnessed the true picture of Chongqing wilderness prospecting. Laterite wilderness often gales, prospecting team, but also in the no boot device will be lost wilderness, looking for ore.
He said: “The work place is the wind knocked for shelter and find mine sites, moving, are common, sometimes, a good meal, will be blown over the place.”
However, the harsh environment, is not the biggest trouble.
In accordance with the legal requirements of Australia, the mining project by project environmental assessment, which is foreign investment in Australia, most likely to cause the project to stop a hurdle. Australia, heavy steel investment projects, is unusually large. Government attaches great importance to the strict control of each of the sessions. Especially for the project’s potential environmental impact, they will not be missing any clues, even if the work stoppage.
Yeung Hin the heavy steel stationed site promise, remember an example, there are times, their truck, the Australian inspectors stopped, he wondered: in the car, outside the car, searched, what did not check?
So he did not want to understand, I saw an Australian inspectors prostrate on the ground, then climbed into the truck at the end!
He is doing? Yang significant promise more and do not understand.
A few minutes later, that foreigners, from the bottom of the vehicle, stuck his head asked: “Do you plant seeds in the car with no?”
This simple question, Yang significant promise really stumped. Not worried about, is how can not imagine that they would ask such a question. To see him bewildered, the inspectors got into the car at the end, the flashlight, check the chassis.
Toss more than 10 minutes, will be released only after the plant seeds, Yang significant promise, then, feeling that they have overly harsh.
This incident took place in September last year. At that time, Yang is responsible for significant promise to send a group of devices Istanbul Xin site. Through checkpoints Australian, the truck checked Dier overturned. Environmental requirements, extremely strict and will not let you take the slightest thing should not have brought the behavior of any damage to the environment will be stopped.
More unexpected trouble still to come.
Can not use trucks to transport the ore!
The truck leaks leakage stone, pollution along the environment, non-use …
Can not use trucks to transport the ore? ! How to do?
Australians solutions, this sounds unacceptable: ore shipped from the mine to the port, to cross the no man’s land of over 200 km. Heavy steel erecting a pipeline, fully sealed, the ore is transported out of the mine. In the course of delivery, not spilling a drop, not drain a stone, otherwise, no chance!
Has been calculated, the heavy steel found, the construction of this pipeline investment amazing, but if not asked to do by the Australian side, the project faced stagnation dangerous. Stopped one day, it means increased costs, but also can not afford, only as required to do.
Currently, the pipeline design has been completed. From the design, the pipe from the ground 1 m tall, is fully enclosed structure, the total length of more than 200 km.
Mike Nitz said, by more than a year of assessment, the heavy steel’ve got the Australian environment accrediting, which is equal to get mine “birth permits. General review of the EIA to be 3-5 years.
The mine started trouble, more than that.
Mine put into production, placed in front of heavy steel, a headache problem: the high cost of labor in Australia.
Open excavator workers in Australia, a mine, pay for one year, it is necessary to more than ten million Australian dollars. Australian miners per capita annual income in more than 100 million yuan, with a local university professor salary comparable level. Heavy steel Australian miner takes about workers on a thousand a year’s wages, will be more than one billion yuan.
Door ceremony said: “But all of this, compared to mine can bring huge gains, it is not so important, we will not be difficult to give up.”
The year after, the first batch of ore feed heavy steel steelmaking furnace
In February 2012, the heavy steel officially launched in Istanbul Xin mine construction. In 2013, a project, the project will be all over. In accordance with the plan of the heavy steel, the first batch of high-quality iron ore mined here, in 2014, from the other side of the ocean, transported back to Chongqing
A small building not far from the back door of the King’s Hill Park is located in downtown Perth, the Asian steel Australia office location. 2010, the door ceremony as heavy steel first batch of accredited staff in Australia arrived in Western Australia. Currently, he and three colleagues, as a representative of the heavy steel and more than 30 international team working together for this project, busy.
Heavy steel wall of the office of the Australian team, hangs from the air overhead Istanbul Xin mine out photos of Haikou. The future, from the mine to the sea, in the wilderness on the construction of pipelines and special roads to connect.
Office door ceremony described the ore transport path for the future: ore by pipeline, leading to the seagoing vessel waiting at the port, across the Atlantic, landing China, and finally arrived in Chongqing. Currently, detailed mining plan, are waiting for the company by the Board of Directors.
The Chongqing Daily reporter during the interview in Australia, all of this is being nervously promote. Meanwhile, a series of good news, continue to spread to Australia, and put into practice
In February 2012, the Chongqing Municipal Government Vice Mayor Ling Yueming, in Istanbul Xin, the local indigenous people presented the auspicious red clay, sprinkling the vast mining area, the construction of heavy steel Australian Istanbul Xin magnetite project in full swing, Chongqing, the largest overseas investment projects, to enter the substantive stage.
The same month, the project won the national and municipal capital subsidy of 16.906 million yuan, injected a shot in the arm for mine development.
In this regard, Mike Nitz full of confidence, “everything in accelerating, and we will be after 2 years, the ore mined from here, to a heavy steel steelmaking furnace, refining a high-quality steel.”
Always advisable to wait
Heavy steel the Istanbul 鑫 mine project, preliminary work quite smoothly, thanks to a very good team, Mike Nitz, CEO of experienced mining experts, more than 30 employees, in addition to the four Steel representatives are experienced local staff, making the environmental assessment and a series of preliminary formalities smoothly through.
Although they are ambitious, to fight in 2014, produced the first batch of ore, but the situation is not optimistic, according to the reporter observed.
Even compared with other domestic steel giant mining investment projects in Australia, Istanbul Xin mine is a huge project, Gao expensive in terms of heavy steel, construction costs, the high cost of human, financial pressure, but the company means of financing, not more, is impossible to finance in Australia, alone financial strength of heavy steel support is clearly not enough.
In addition, Australia this year through the the MRRT 2011 draft law. This highly controversial draft tax law, formally implemented on July 1 this year, the Australian Federal Government to the annual profit of more than 75 million Australian dollars in coal and iron ore companies, the collection of the mineral resources rent tax, the tax rate to the taxable profit 30%.
Currently, the average cost of Australian iron ore line in 40 to 60 U.S. dollars / ton, the resource tax will make Australia the average cost of production of iron ore, an increase of about 10 to 15 U.S. dollars / ton, heavy steel project full production will face rising costs risk.
At present, the domestic prices of imported iron ore plummeted one-third, from the most significant bit of the $ 180 / ton, fell to less than 100 U.S. dollars / ton, heavy steel project, in terms of bad news.
Australia, the fourth largest producer of iron ore Metals Group announced: postpone an iron ore development in Western Australia, BHP Billiton also indefinitely postponed $ 30 billion in mining investment plan.
Western Australia’s Mining Minister extension facing the continent more mining investment. Expert analysis, the Australian mining industry has entered the low profitability of the recession. In this period of time, in terms of the heavy steel, is both a challenge and an opportunity to enter a period of recession, there will be a lower cost.
In the long run, the resource has become the focal point of countries, like Australia and Brazil such resources in the country, in order to protect their own resources and the environment, it is likely that in the future, tightening of overseas enterprises to go to their share mine mark. Heavy steel at this point, to get this opportunity, and its significance in the future, more manifestation. Heavy steel mines in Australia, this is a strategic resource in the future, it is not only heavy steel is very important; perhaps, the entire iron and steel enterprises in China, is also very important.
Historic turning point when a few years later, we look back at this period of history, you will find Chinese companies, today, is in a full of challenges and opportunities, they are seeking a more stable and solid resources and support for China’s economic development, In the context of global economic change, turmoil, despite the difficulties and setbacks, but it, we can be optimistic about the future, a center of gravity of the global economic center in the Asia-Pacific region; in this region, the two An important core, China and Australia will be an exciting blueprint, just start drawing!
From this perspective, Istanbul the Xin mine project, not only related to the development of heavy steel, should be elevated to the strategic level of resources and support to examine the steady development of long-term perspective, it is the only way to fight for more funds to support