Brookings Institue 对郊区贫困化最高的大都市进行了排名。基于此项排名,24/7华尔街(24/7 Wall St.)对前10名大都市进行了分析,以期更好的了解并把握此趋势。

Brookings Institue 对郊区贫困化最高的大都市进行了排名。基于此项排名,24/7华尔街(24/7 Wall St.)对前10名大都市进行了分析,以期更好的了解并把握此趋势。

事实上,郊区贫困化潮流已经暗涌了近十年。在一些大都会,郊区的贫困化甚至高过都会本身。

据Brookings Institue 最近的报道,“从2000年到2008年,美国最大的都市地区的贫困人口增长了25%,这几乎是五倍于这些都会城市的自身发展速度。”此外,“大型郊区的各类社区里低收入人口增长最快,生活在极度贫困中的人口占人口比例呈最大幅度上扬。”这就意味着他们的收入低于贫困线2倍。按2011年的标准,即一家四口每年收入低于44700美元。

24/7Wall St. 进一步研究了这些都市,比较了郊区和都市的贫困率,以期发现贫困后面的原因。

2008年四口之家的贫困线为21,384。这意味着消费者消费可能在这些郊区已经处于停滞状态。房价跌破房贷意味着收入改善受到限制。

10. 阿尔布克尔克(Albuquerque), 新墨西哥.

郊区贫困率:13.6%
城市贫困率:15%
郊区贫困人口:43449

虽然十年前阿尔布克尔克拥有一些健康的产业,但仍有较高的城市及郊区的贫困率。从2009年到2010 年,都市地区的失业率从7.6%升至8.6%。不过,一些绿色产业的发展使贫困状况得到一定程度的改善。该州的房市仍是全国最糟之一。

9.奥古斯塔-里奇蒙县(Augusta-Richmond County), 佐治亚

郊区贫困率:14%
城市贫困率:24.1%
郊区贫困人口:46202

奥古斯塔-里奇蒙县紧随亚特兰大,是佐治亚州第二大都市。该市及其郊区在经济衰退中失去了大量的就业机会。公共预算也受此影响,大幅削减。佐治亚健康科学大学已经裁减了上百名雇员。由于公共服务行业职务减少,该市已经将一些公共服务私有化,包括公车、市立高尔夫球场。

8.杰克逊(Jackson), 密西西比

郊区贫困率:14%
城市贫困率:26.9%
郊区贫困人口:49016

杰克逊都市区以密西西比州府为中心。2008年,该地区的郊区大约有50000人生活在贫困线以下。2000年该数据约为40000。贫困是密西西比州的一大问题,在这里城市贫困率甚至高于郊区。据当地新闻WLBT消息,每四个密西西比居民中就有一名生活在贫困中。

7.小石城(Little Rock),阿肯色

郊区贫困率:14.2%
城市贫困率:18.6%
郊区贫困人口:68291

小石城的失业率大大低于全国平均水平(9.3%),为7.5%,不过该市的郊区贫困人口比率高于平均。在过去十年里,这里的贫困率上升了3.1%。据当地一家非营利机构统计,自1995年以来,从事半职工作的男性工人数量上升了一倍。另外,“对公益,如失业救济、食物、托儿的需求却直线上升。“

6.莫德斯托(Modesto),加州

郊区贫困率:14.6%
城市贫困率:13.5%
郊区贫困人口:43645

莫德斯托是整个列表中第一个郊区贫困率高于城市的都市。该地深受房市泡沫破裂的冲击。莫德斯托地区的斯坦尼斯拉斯县(Stanislaus County)持续位列美国房屋止赎率最高的地区。2011年7月,每140幢房屋中就有1幢受到止赎令。加州止赎率为1:239,美国全国止赎率为1:611。

5.湖地(Lakeland), 弗罗里达

郊区贫困率:15.8%
城市贫困率:13.3%
郊区贫困人口:75075

从2000年到2008年,湖地大都会郊区的贫困率增加了3.2%。与之成反比,城市贫困率下降了1.7%。郊区贫困人口主要聚居于珀尔科县(Polk County),则从50000人增至75000。虽然地方消息认为珀尔科县有望进入繁荣,当地的失业率高达11.7%。

4.弗雷斯诺(Fresno),加州

郊区贫困率:18.8%
城市贫困率:25.5%
郊区贫困人口:79359

弗雷斯诺的经济主要有赖于农业。受工资低、季节性等因素影响,该地贫困率极高。从事这些低薪工作的主要是移民。另外,弗雷斯诺在房市灾难中也深受创伤。据标普/凯斯-希勒全国房价指数,2007年到2009年,房价下降了44%。

3.贝克尔斯兰德 (Bakersland), 加州

郊区贫困率:24.2%
城市贫困率:16.7%
郊区贫困人口:105030
从2007到2009年在整个贝克尔斯兰德地区,贫困率上升了23%。郊区受创最深。当地的两大工业:石油、农业,需要大量的劳力。大多数移民从事农业相关的低薪工作,因此无法从贫困中翻身。2009年,.贝克尔斯兰德有29.1%的贫困人口为出生于外国的移民。据Brookings 的统计,这位居全国之最。

2.爱尔-帕索 (El Paso),德克萨斯

郊区贫困率:31%
城市贫困率:24.3%
郊区贫困人口:41059

爱尔-帕索位于美墨边界。虽然这里是一些大企业分部所在地,如波音、Hoover、Eureka、Delphi,爱尔-帕索的整体贫困率极高。2009年都市贫困率为23.7%,德州同期贫困率为17.1%。郊区贫困问题尤其严重。2008年郊区贫困率就已经高达31%。军事基地布雷斯堡近年来的扩张使该地经济得以改善,但失业率仍高居10.9%。比全国水平高出17%。

1. 麦可阿伦(McAllen),德克萨斯

郊区贫困率:36.7%
城市贫困率:28.3%
郊区贫困人口:217736

麦可阿伦也是一个边境城市。2008年超过85%的贫困人口居住在这里的郊区。麦可阿伦35.4%的郊区穷人为出生于外国的移民。近几年,当地都市地区的经济得以快速发展,这主要得益于政府、教育、以及健康卫生行业的发展。麦可阿伦的失业率高居不下,2011年6月更是从前月的11.9%飙升到13%。该市平均收入也是全国最低。

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google将中文译成英语

Brookings Institue poverty on the outskirts of the city was ranked the highest. Based on this ranking, 24 / 7 Wall Street (24 / 7 Wall St.) On the top 10 cities were analyzed in order to better understand and grasp this trend.

In fact, the trend of rural poverty has been filled with uncertainties about a decade. In some metropolitan, suburban poverty are even higher than itself.

According to the Brookings Institue recently reported, “from 2000 to 2008, the largest U.S. metropolitan areas grew by 25 percent poor, which is almost five times the pace of development will be the city itself.” Moreover, “the large-scale suburban class community in the fastest-growing low-income population living in extreme poverty of the population percentage of the population was the most significant rise. “This means that their income below the poverty line two times. By 2011 standards, that is a family of four earning less than $ 44,700 per year.

24/7Wall St. Further study of these urban, suburban and urban comparison of poverty rates in order to discover the reasons behind poverty.

A family of four in 2008 poverty line of 21,384. This means that consumer spending may in these suburbs have stagnated. Prices below the mortgage means that income improvement is limited.

10. Albuquerque (Albuquerque), New Mexico.

Rural poverty rate: 13.6%
Urban poverty rate: 15%
Rural poor population: 43,449

While ten years ago, Albuquerque has some of the health industry, but there is still a high poverty rate in cities and suburbs. From 2009 to 2010, the unemployment rate in urban areas rose 8.6% from 7.6%. However, some of the green industry to make poverty a certain degree of improvement. The state’s housing market still is the worst one.

9. Augusta – Richmond County (Augusta-Richmond County), Georgia

Rural poverty rate: 14%
Urban poverty rate: 24.1%
Rural poor: 46202

Augusta – Richmond County, followed by Atlanta, Georgia is the second largest city. The city and its suburbs lost during the recession a lot of employment opportunities. Public budget is also affected significantly reduced. Georgia Health Sciences University, has laid off hundreds of employees. As the public service sector job decreased, the city has some of the privatization of public services, including buses, municipal golf course.

8. Jackson (Jackson), Mississippi

Rural poverty rate: 14%
Urban poverty rate: 26.9%
Rural poor population: 49,016

Jackson, Mississippi metropolitan area in the government center. In 2008, the region’s suburbs about 50,000 people living below the poverty line. In 2000, the data of about 40000. Poverty is a major problem in Mississippi, where the urban poverty rate was even higher than the suburbs. According to local news WLBT news of every four residents of Mississippi have a life in poverty.

7. Little Rock (Little Rock), Arkansas

Rural poverty rate: 14.2%
Urban poverty rate: 18.6%
Rural poor population: 68,291

Little Rock, the unemployment rate significantly below the national average (9.3%), 7.5%, but the outskirts of the city poverty rate is higher than average. In the past decade, where the poverty rate increased by 3.1%. According to local statistics, a nonprofit organization, since 1995, engaged in part-time work increased the number of male workers has doubled. In addition, the “public good, such as unemployment benefits, food, child-care demand is soaring.”

6. Modesto (Modesto), California

Rural poverty rate: 14.6%
Urban poverty rate: 13.5%
Rural poor population: 43,645

Modesto is the first in the list is higher than the city’s poor outskirts of the city. The ground by the impact of the housing market bubble burst. Modesto area Stanislas County (Stanislaus County) continued to rank highest U.S. foreclosure rate areas. July 2011, every 140 houses have been a foreclosure order. California foreclosure rate of 1:239, the U.S. national foreclosure rate of 1:611.

5. Lake to (Lakeland), Florida

Rural poverty rate: 15.8%
Urban poverty rate: 13.3%
Rural poor population: 75,075

From 2000 to 2008, the lake to the outskirts of metropolitan poverty rate increased by 3.2%. With inversely proportional to the urban poverty rate dropped by 1.7%. Rural poor mainly live in the Po Erke County (Polk County), from 50,000 to 75,000. While the local news that the county is expected to enter the prosperous Poer Ke, the unemployment rate as high as 11.7%.

4. Fresno (Fresno), California

Rural poverty rate: 18.8%
Urban poverty rate: 25.5%
Rural poor population: 79,359

Fresno’s economy is mainly dependent on agriculture. By low wages, seasonal and other factors, the poverty rate to high. In these low-paid jobs mainly migrants. In addition, Fresno disaster in the housing market is also traumatized. According to S & P / Case – Shiller National Home Price Index, 2007 to 2009, house prices fell by 44%.

3. Beccles Rand (Bakersland), California

Rural poverty rate: 24.2%
Urban poverty rate: 16.7%
Rural poor population: 105,030
From 2007 to 2009 in the Beccles Rand region, poverty rates increased by 23%. Suburbs hardest hit. Two local industries: oil, agriculture, requires a lot of labor. Most immigrants in low-paying jobs related to agriculture, can not stand up from poverty. 2009. Beccles Rand 29.1 percent of the poor for the foreign-born immigrants. According to the Brookings statistics, which ranked highest in the country.

2. Ireland – Paso (El Paso), Texas

Rural poverty rate: 31%
Urban poverty rate: 24.3%
Rural poor population: 41,059

Ireland – the US-Mexican border in El Paso. Although there are some segments where large enterprises such as Boeing, Hoover, Eureka, Delphi, Ireland – Paso’s overall poverty rate is very high. 2009 urban poverty was 23.7%, Texas poverty rate of 17.1% over the same period. Rural poverty is particularly serious. 2008 rural poverty rate has been as high as 31%. In recent years the expansion of military bases Fort Bray so that economies can be improved, but the unemployment rate, the highest rate of 10.9%. 17% higher than the national level.

1. Michael Allen (McAllen), Texas

Rural poverty rate: 36.7%
Urban poverty rate: 28.3%
Rural poor population: 217,736

Michael Allen is also a border city. In 2008 more than 85 percent of the poor live in the suburbs here. Michael Allen, 35.4% of rural poor people is foreign-born immigrants. In recent years, local urban areas of rapid economic development, mainly due to government, education, and health and hygiene industry. Michael Allen’s unemployment rate remains high, in June 2011 is 11.9% the previous month rose to 13%. The city is also the lowest average income.

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